Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Montana

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Datasheet

Montana

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Montana
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 380,850
  • Capital: Helena

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present Ward et al., 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Native NoBahls, 2004; Spaulding and Elwell, 2007.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Grente, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Hinds, 1985.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present Taylor and Schwandt, 1998; Taylor and Walla, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Thompson, 1941; Shaw, 1973; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Brown, 1970; Shaw, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoOtrosina et al., 1992.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoWilliams, 1989; USDA Forest Service, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present Meiners and Fischer, 1957.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Muths et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Cooley, 1906; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Widespread Native Pletsch, 1947; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Insect Identification, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoNHM, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Introduced Rice, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle) Present Native YesFurniss and Carolin, 1977; Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ciesla and Coulston, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle) Restricted distribution Native YesWood, 1982; Ciesla and Coulston, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Widespread Native YesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present Six and Skov, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present Krysan and Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present Webster and Amosson, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes confusus (western balsam bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced Weems and Skelley, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Native Kirk and Terry, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Foley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present Kuschel, 1951; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Absent, intercepted only USDA, 1996; USDA, 1997; Kean et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present, few occurrences Native NoRyti, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid) Widespread Native Hedlin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Easton, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; UC, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSmith, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Introduced YesLarson and Olden, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Native Larson and Olden, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Hamon and Williams, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present NAPIS, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, intercepted only IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Present Yee et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Andres and Rees, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Watts and Dunkel, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket) Widespread Native NoAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Cross, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbystoma mavortium (barred tiger salamander) Present AmphibiaWeb, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Native Brown , 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalis Present Introduced Brown, 1971; Holton, 1990; Tilmant, 1999; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison) Localised Native NoGates et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti) Widespread Native NoO’Gara and Dundas, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Present, few occurrences Introduced Bureau of Land Management, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Introduced Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Tovey et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer) Widespread Native NoFeldhamer et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Introduced USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga) Present Introduced NoUSGS, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced Holton, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Holton, 1990; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoHolton, 1990; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2005; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Localised Introduced Madison, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Localised Introduced Hoffman et al., 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Courtenay and Meffe, 1989; Page and Burr, 1991; Nico and Fuller, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Page and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Widespread Introduced YesVincent, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoTexas Invasive Species Institute, 2004; Hendricks, 2009; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Widespread Introduced Kerans et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Gray et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesFascioloides magna Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbronia fragrans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002; Rice, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced Rice , 1997; Munger , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Widespread Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Localised Introduced YesDudley, 1968; Evangelista et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Mincemoyer, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Widespread Native Britton and Brown, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe) Indigenous, localized Native YesUSDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium laricis (larch dwarf mistletoe) Present Hawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present Native GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced Schweitzer et al., 1988; USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins and Blackwell, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Introduced YesRinella et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Widespread Introduced YesHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaltha leptosepala Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Forcella, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Present Patterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced DiTomaso and Kyser, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesDuncan, 2001; USDA-NRCS(2002).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed) Present Introduced Rice, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesDuncan, 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesHodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Mitich, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native HITCHCOCK et al., 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Absent, intercepted only USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesLuken & Thieret, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native Stocking, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Absent, intercepted only Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Widespread Jackson and Fay, 1979; Anderson et al., 1986; Bain and Johnson, 1986; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton) Present Introduced YesUSDA Forest Service, USDA-FS.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesDorn, 1984; USDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Toney et al., 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Widespread Native Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native NoAnderson, 1990; Rice, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Widespread Introduced YesBrattain and Fay, 1980; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced US Forest Service, 2006; Texas Invasives, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus plattensis (Nebraska lupine) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave’s Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced Taylor, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced YesKew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Widespread Introduced YesWilson and Callihan, 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced Wilson and Callihan, 1999; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina subsp. paradoxa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttalliana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesDuncan, 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Localised Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced NoUS Forest Service, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present, few occurrences Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Weaver et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Introduced YesRice, 2004; USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Widespread Introduced YesBaum, 1967; Crins, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Anderson, 1990; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native Carey, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Introduced YesBONAP, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Gildow, 1990.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Widespread Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2005; Burrows et al., 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file