Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Massachusetts

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Datasheet

Massachusetts

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Massachusetts
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 273,400
  • Capital: Boston

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Present Pine and Gilmer, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Absent, confirmed by survey Hicks, 2018; Gillman, 2011; Brazee et al., 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Simmons, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Herb. BPI.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Frederick et al., 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Eradicated Introduced YesSpaulding, 1961; EPPO, 2014; BPI, US National Fungus Collections.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Waterman, 1954; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesBlehert et al., 2009; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Waterman, 1943.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Miller, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native NoSinclair, 1964.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present, few occurrences Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Longcore et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Sardá et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Introduced YesGates, 1953; Reynolds, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Bourne, 1952; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Franklin, 1919; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Native YesHenry and McLaughlin, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Present, few occurrences NAPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntispila oinophylla Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips fuscocupreanus Restricted distribution Introduced YesMaier and Mastro, 1998; Maier, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalis Present Douglas, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Insect Identification, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Introduced YesGriffen and Delaney, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoCooley, 1899; Driesche and Elkinton, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer) Present Introduced YesLandry, 1991; Landry and Wright, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present Maier, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced Houston, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMiddleton, 1923; McGugan and Coppel, 1962; Coppel et al., 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Restricted distribution Introduced NoAnon., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Present Introduced Potter, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesSteinmann, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced Kirk and Terry, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Introduced YesMacAloney, 1936; Reeks, 1941; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab) Present Introduced YesLedesma and O'Connor, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Widespread Native NoHolthuis , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Widespread Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Jacques, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Widespread Introduced YesCasagrande and Livingston, 1995; Gold, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present Menzies, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Native NoDriesche and Vittum, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Van Duzee, 1917; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Smith and Parron, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale) Present Hamon and Williams, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Snodgrass et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Introduced Hobbs et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present van Driesche & Hauschild, 1987; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Mulgrew, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Sea Grant College Program MIT, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenella Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesMcClure, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp) Present Introduced Matthias et al., 2008. CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Introduced Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Native Harris, 1989; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Hamon and Williams, 1984; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present Meagher et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBright, 1968; Wood, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Widespread Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Localised Native NoUSGS, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Hartel, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Hartel , 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalis Present Introduced Hartel, 1992; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Native NoFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Introduced Hartel, 1992; Cardoza et al., 1993; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Abraham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Widespread Decker et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present only in captivity/cultivation Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead) Present Introduced YesFish and Wildlife Service, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Nico, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianum Present Introduced Carman and Grunden, 2010; Agius, 2007; Carman et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Absent, formerly present Introduced Fraguglione, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch) Present YesFuller et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoCardoza et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Native NoBrown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native NoFuller et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga) Present Introduced NoHartel , 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Introduced USGS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Hartel, 1992; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoHartel, 1992; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Kimball et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Shaffer and Nakamura, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native NatureServe, 2005; Kraus, 2009; McKercher and Gregoire, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Localised Introduced Hartel, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present Native Hildebrand and Schroeder, 1929.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Localised Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoCardoza et al., 1993; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesHyatt, 1866; Nutting, 1901; Hargitt, 1908; Blake, 1932; Fulton, 1962; Smith et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Present Fofonoff et al., 2015; WoRMS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoHoffman, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesTaylor, 1914; Reichling, 1950; Grimm et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Hickey, 1979; Mann, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Widespread Native NoKennedy et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Present Native NoJohnson, 1972; Hoagland, 1974; Hoagland, 1977; Hoagland, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Localised Introduced Benson et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced USGS-NAS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoFrandsen, 1901; Pilsbry, 1948; Dundee, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Introduced Morse, 1880; Brawley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesAieta and Oliveira, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present May et al., 1960; Hutchinson et al., 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesCarlton and Scanlon, 1985; Begin and Scheibling, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesMathieson et al., 2008a; Mathieson et al., 2008b; Go Metal Detecting, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSorrie, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesFeret, 1985; Shah, 1997; Westbrooks , 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Correll and Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Mosyakin and Robertson, 2003; Cullina et al., 2011; Go Botany, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Widespread Native Britton and Brown, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ownbey, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present Native GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Present Introduced Gleason, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Present Native Sorrie and Somers, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Collins and Blackwell, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present USDA-NRCS, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; NatureServe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Introduced Les and Mehrhoff, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge) Introduced, establishment uncertain Introduced YesEDDMapS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS(2002).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle) Present Introduced NoMagee, 1940.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChelone glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Hodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018; Burnham, 2013; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Restricted distribution Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2015; GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesPeterson & Prasad, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; Bhowmik et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native Stocking, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Lawrence, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; BONAP, 2013; EDDMapS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Jordan et al., 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present YesGammon et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced Isely , 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Introduced YesAnderson and Reznicek, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (Globe amaranth) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Introduced Jacono et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced YesUS Forest Service, 2006; Texas Invasives, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesGo Botany, 2018; Mass.gov, 2018; USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present EPPO, 2014; Les and Mehrhoff, 1999; Robinson, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil) Present, few occurrences Native NoBackus et al., 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Arny, 1897; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Absent, formerly present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present YesNPS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Payne and Blossey, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced EDDMapS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced YesInvasive Plant Atlas of New England, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced New England Wild Flower Society, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present, few occurrences Introduced New England Wild Flower Society, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced NoSorrie and Perkins, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Mackey et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Localised Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present USDA-NRCS and, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Native YesBertness et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; NatureServe, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present O'Neill, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Present Introduced Sheeley and Raynal, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort) Present Introduced Sheeley and Raynal, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present Introduced Kartesz, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Ferro et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file