Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Iowa

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Datasheet

Iowa

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Iowa
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 145,750
  • Capital: Des moines

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present Hopkins et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present Al-Ghamdi et al., 2000.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Restricted distribution Frosheiser, 1969; Munkvold and Carlton, 1995.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Iowa State University Plant Disease Clinic, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Walkowiak, 1999.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present UK CAB International, 1993; Wegulo et al., 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Ostry, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier, 1996a; Brasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Gilman Archer, 1929; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Widespread Waterman, 1943; Luley and Gleason, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native NoAnderson et al., 1976.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Raun, 1953; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Present NAPPO, 2013f; NAPPO, 2010b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Showers et al., 1985; Levine et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present Small & Brookes, 1984; CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoBurden and Hart, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Introduced Obrycki et al., 1987; Hesler and Petersen, 2008; Gardiner et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present Chapman, 1938; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Darsie and Ward, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoRoss and Arnett, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Widespread Krysan and Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCoppel et al., 1974; USDA, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced Matos and Obrycki, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Jacques, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present Kuschel, 1951; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Widespread Van Duzee, 1917; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Hendrix and Showers, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Smith and Parron, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLyons, 1964; Smith, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Native NoCaldwell and Bovbjerg, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Native Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Restricted distribution Native Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Andres and Rees, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Native Iowa Department of Natural Resources, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Widespread Native NoFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoGuthrie, 1923.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison) Localised Native NoGates et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Abraham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present only in captivity/cultivation Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner) Widespread Native NoMatthews, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Nico, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Native NoLee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Native NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Present Introduced Fuller et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Tovey et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch) Present Introduced YesFuller et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNotropis stramineus Widespread IRIS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Native NoBrown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Riley et al., 1998; eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native NatureServe, 2005; Kraus, 2009; McKercher and Gregoire, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Localised Introduced Harlan et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Widespread Native Hall, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Localised Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Introduced YesCounts, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Hammond, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present, few occurrences Introduced Benson et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced Texas Invasive Species Institute, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Noel, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced YesBello and Owen, 1986; Hartzler, 1996; Felix and Owen, 2001; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Luken & Thieret, 1997; Feret, 1985; Shah, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (redshank) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Correll and Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Native YesMosyakin and Robertson, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Widespread Native Britton and Brown, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Tropicos, 2009; University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced YesJohnson et al., 2004; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Widespread Native Anderson, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present Hanks, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lammers, 1983; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Restricted distribution Introduced YesPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS(2002).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Mitzner, 1976; Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesHodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Forcella and Randall, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native Eilers and Roosa, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native Stocking, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Fernald, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Mitzner, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis capillaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present USDA-NRCS, 2015. Pammel et al., 1913
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFroelichia floridana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Native Isely , 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave’s Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Widespread Introduced Phillips, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoCratty, 1932; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum clandestinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina subsp. paradoxa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttalliana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced NoUS Forest Service, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present USDA-NRCS and, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJohnson et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Pammel, 1913; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinerea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Ford et al., 1967; Ford and Hill, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongue Localised Pearson et al., 1992; Tomori et al., 1992.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Lehmkuhl et al., 1975; Lehmkuhl and Gough, 1977; Coria and Lehmkuhl, 1978; Coria and McClurkin, 1978.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present Youngs and Weber, 1992.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Proctor and Kemp, 1974; Proctor et al., 1998.
encephalomyocarditis Present Kim et al., 1989a.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1997; USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present KINSLEY and RAY, 1934; Splitter, 1950b.
Escherichia coli infections Present Janke et al., 1989.
giardiasis Present Travis, 1939.
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
Infection with Senecavirus A Present Guo et al., 2016.
Mammalian orthoreovirus infections Present Narayanappa et al., 2015.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Al-Ghamdi et al., 2000.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Rosengarten and Citti, 1999.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Cummins and Reynolds, 1990.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Mitchell et al., 1980.
paratuberculosis Present Kopecky and, 1973.
Pasteurella multocida infections Rimler and Rhoades, 1987.
rabies Widespread Krebs et al., 1999.
swine dysentery Widespread Mapother, 1993.
swine erysipelas Present Thomson, 1990; Wood and Nord, 1992.
swine influenza Widespread Chambers et al., 1991.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Present Wesley et al., 1997.
West Nile fever Present Powell, 2002.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file