Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Hawaii

Toolbox

Datasheet

Hawaii

Summary

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn)PresentAitken (1963); Zimmerman (1958)
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
Dactylosternum hydrophiloidesPresentIntroducedHansen (1995)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)PresentArizala et al. (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentAlvarez (1981); Luiz et al. (2018); Sugiyama et al. (2018);
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaHerdmania momusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWyenandt et al. (2015); Anon (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeUchida and Aragaki (1979); Keith et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeredith and Lawrence (1969); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRaabe et al. (1981); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBega et al. (1978)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUchida et al. (2006); Uchida and Loope (2009); Anderson (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentUSDA-ARS, SBML. Hernández, J. R. (2004); Hernández (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBeard and O'Neill (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedTen Hove (1978); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides crucigeraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora nuchalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabellastarte sanctijosephi (Featherduster worm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabellastarte spectabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSalmacina dysteri (Serpulid worm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirobranchus kraussiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaStreblospio benedictiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantholobulus pacificusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentHoldaway (1940); Schmidt (1943); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHabeck (1963); Habeck (1964); UK, CAB International (1981); Mau and Kessing (1991); Tsutsumi et al. (1993); Cole et al. (1996); McQuate and Jameson (2011); Spafford et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedInvasiveFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Murdoch et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mound and Halsey (1978); Culliney et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentKumashiro et al. (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Borowiec et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeInvasiveKaplan (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Never occurredLingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiella hartii (yam scale)Absent, EradicatedMau and Martin Kessing (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2000); Cave (2006); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArmstrong et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); Follett et al. (2009); Harris et al. (2010); Leblanc et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Virgilio et al. (2010); McQuate (2011); Boontop et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDrew and Hancock (1994); Smith et al. (2003); Nakahara et al. (2008); Khamis et al. (2012); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Leblanc et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Vargas and Nishida (1985); Liquido et al. (1994); Peck and McQuate (2004); Bokonon-Ganta et al. (2013); McQuate et al. (2013); Chang et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMatsunaga (2014); CABI and EPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus reticulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, WidespreadCosta et al. (1993); Brown et al. (1995); Barro et al. (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedITIS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedEldredge (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella scauraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, Formerly presentStreets (1877)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla emeryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCathormiocerus curvipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMason (1932); Vargas et al. (1983); Liquido et al. (1990); Kourti et al. (1992); McPheron and Steck (1996); Gasparich et al. (1997); Davies et al. (1999); Gasperi et al. (2002); McQuate et al. (2005); Bokonon-Ganta et al. (2007); Chang et al. (2009); Vargas et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedEdmondson (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentNativeEdmondson (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Passoa (1995); Swezey (1937)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSouthward et al. (1998); Zabin (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus posticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia maculipennis (blossom midge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentLeong et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSwezey (1914); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFullaway (1921); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarsie and Ward (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentSherman and Tamashiro (1954); UK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDarna pallivittaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Conant et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentBorchsenius (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994); González-Hernández et al. (1999); González-Hernández et al. (2005); He YanBiao et al. (2012); Palma-Jiménez and Blanco-Meneses (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentHu et al. (2009); Beardsley (1959); Beardsley (1965); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Sether et al. (1998); Sether et al. (2005); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus vachoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElasmopus rapaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedHeie (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHiggins (1917); NHM (1937); Carter (1984); UK, CAB International (1992); Barr et al. (2009); Barr et al. (2011); Rubinoff et al. (2011); Tooman et al. (2011); Jang et al. (2012); NAPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEricaphis scammelliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nakao and Funasaki (1974); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwezey (1950); Wood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentIntroducedAlm et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedNakahara (1997); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFurchadaspis zamiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGeococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)PresentTrujillo et al. (1995); Beardsley (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlabropilumnus seminudusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNagamine and Heu (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonodactylaceus falcatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1976); Mitchell and Ironside (1982); Williams and Greathead (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))Present, WidespreadMerrill (1953); BEARDSLEY jr. (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Edmondson (1959); Asakura and Watanabe (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hodges and Hodges (2009); German-Ramirez et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Present, Transient under eradicationNAPPO (2010); Burbano et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBooth et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothoe micronesiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson and Taylor (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis rufaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)IPPC (2009); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentBuchanan (1937); Pemberton (1947); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1996); Kairo et al. (2000); Jacobsen and Hara (2003); Follett (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium lar (Tahitian prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fujimara (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalorhipida leucodactylusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonocorophium acherusicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonocorophium insidiosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium floricola (floral ant)PresentGuénard et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNanosesarma minutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2006); Gertsch (1973); Kielhorn (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Jones and Caprio (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, WidespreadBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gagne and Stein (1982); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis and Peña (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); Vorsino et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, Transient under eradicationNAPPO (2014); Hawaii Department of Agriculture (2014); HDOA (2014); HDOA (2014); Marshall et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPachygrapsus fakaravensis (Polynesian grapsid crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacerceis sculptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentHeu et al. (2007); Muniappan (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleucothoe flindersiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stocks (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentKirkaldy (1902)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentLegner and Medved (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPilumnus oahuensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1978); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentZimmerman (1948); Hansen et al. (1992); Hansen et al. (1992); Hata and Hara (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentTabashnik et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPraeacedes atomosellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHuner (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); Borchsenius (1966); Follett (2006); Wood (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Beardsley (1986); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Tokihiro (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHata and Hara (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedJones (1966); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyroderces rileyi (corn, worm, pink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Bianchi (1964); Bianchi and Kajiwara (1966); Starr et al. (2004); Latchininsky (2008); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentZimmerman (1941); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis (1959); Davis (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis and Krauss (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGrimshaw (1901); Howard (1901); Hull (1937); Hardy (1964); Starr et al. (2006); Thompson (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSipyloidea sipylusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1945); Eastop (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeAvila and Goff (1998); Plentovich et al. (2010); Gotzek et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeu and Kumashiro (1989); Duan and Messing (2000); Avanesyan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpecularius impressithoraxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Haggis (1986); Pogue (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenothoe gallensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenothoe validaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Firman (1982); Follett and Gabbard (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys rogeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClagg (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentJohnson (1986); Welter et al. (1989); Welter et al. (1990); Hata et al. (1991); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Melzer et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLynch and Johnson (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedUniversity of Hawaii Honeybee Project (2014); Danka et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1927); Williams (1937); Nakahara (1980); Ikeda (1981); Matayoshi (1981); Miyahara (1981); Gambino et al. (1990); Gambino and Loope (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVryburgia brevicrurisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisAbsent, Formerly presentWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cognato and Rubinoff (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCognato and Rubinoff (2008); Samuelson (1981); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaAetea truncataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaCaulibugula caliculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaCaulibugula dendrograptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella unicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbudefduf vaigiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedYamamoto and Tagawa (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (undated); Welcomme (1988); Yamamoto (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAplocheilus lineatus (striped panchax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidia sydneiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedShima (1972); Morita (1981); Maciolek (1984); Devick (1991); Devick (1991); USGS NAS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMowbray et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, Few occurrencesNativeBanks et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, EradicatedLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCephalopholis urodeta (darkfin hind)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentIntroducedInvasivePratt et al. (1987); Nelson and Vitz (1998); Hamao (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedShafland (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma spilurum (blue-eyed cichlid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCiona intestinalis (sea vase)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella minutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorydoras aeneus (green corydoras)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022); US Geological Survey (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDendrobates auratus (Green and black dart-poison frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum candidum (white didemnid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum perlucidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kraus et al. (1999); Ferreira et al. (2015); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus irroratus (Marquesan grouper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEusynstyela hartmeyeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeale (1905)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAvibase (2015); Alien Species in Hawaii (1999); Lever (2010); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentIntroducedUSGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHunsaker (1966); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (goldspot herring)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasivePearson and Baldwin (1953); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)Absent, Formerly presentUS Geological Survey (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); USGS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedHawaii Department of Agriculture (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMale et al. (1998); Ralph et al. (1998); Global Invasive Species Database (2008); Lever (2010); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedNatureServe (2013); USGS (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Present, WidespreadIntroducedYamamoto (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeporinus fasciatus (banded leporinus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Fraguglione (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus exasperatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFuller et al. (1999); Maciolek (1984); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFishbase (2004); Fuller et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMugilogobius cavifrons (mangrove goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNothobranchius guentheri (redtail notho)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHess (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOmobranchus ferox (fang-toothed blenny)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yamamoto (1992); Froese and Pauly (2004); Fuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); IUCN (2017); Frost (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUloth (1972); Giffin (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPalea steindachneri (wattle-necked softshell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, Formerly presentKraus and Cravalho (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParablennius thysanius (blenny)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelvicachromis pulcher (rainbow krib)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhallusia nigra (black sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLever (2005); Qu et al. (2009); Clements et al. (2014); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDevick (1991); USGS NAS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMaciolek (1984); Froese and Pauly (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa sagamiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveAbbot et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyclinum constellatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sibley and Monroe (1991); Sheehey and Mansfield (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveVan Riper et al. (1979); Mo (2015); BirdLife International (2017); Hawaii Invasive Species Council (2017); National Audubon Society (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAnon (2005); ISSG (2005); Kraus (2009); McKercher and Gregoire (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentDunlevy et al. (2000); Shiels et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Tobin and Sugihara (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Maciolek (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSardinella marquesensis (Marquesan sardine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000); Barrett and Birmingham (2005); Rusz (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma brakenhielmiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma reptansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)PresentIntroducedBrock (1960); Maciolek (1984); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yamamoto (1992); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichogaster leerii (pearl gourami)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcKeown (1991); McKeown (1996); Kraus (2009); Hagey et al. (2010); Holland et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKlavitter (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus vittatus (bandedtail goatfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenentodon cancila (Asian needlefish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaciolek (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglund (1999); Welcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia hemisphaericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCooke (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene franciscana (San Francisco anemone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaObelia dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)Absent, Formerly presentScott (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Cowie (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAllopeas clavulinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCaloria indicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama asperellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama elatensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama lazarusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacificaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCipangopaludina chinensis (Chinese mysterysnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKondo (1956); Nakahara (1979); Tamura et al. (1981); Cowie (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al. (1996); Elder (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula aculeataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrucibulum spinosum (spiny cup-and-saucer shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCuthona perca (Lake Merritt cuthona)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea clandestinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea gaspardiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea hirundoPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppelliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipaPresentInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFossaria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHinemoa indicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1931); Joe and Daehler (2008); NatureServe (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hunter et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Martens and Langkavel (1871)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997); Howarth et al. (2003); NatureServe (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPila scutataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea bridgesii (spiketop applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCowie et al. (2007); Tran et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bryan (1919)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSaccostrea cucullataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSubulina octonaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentAllen (1952); Uchida and Sipes (1998); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentHunter et al. (1972); Uchida and Sipes (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentBERGQUIST and RIEDEL (1972); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003); Wang and Hooks (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentHandoo et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadSiddiqi (1972); CABI and EPPO (2000); Wang and Hooks (2009); Lau et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSher (1954); CABI and EPPO (1999); Wang and Hooks (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentAnderson (1959); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedFont and Tate (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale ceciliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004); Guiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora laetevirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora sericeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora socialisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora vagabundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva fasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentO'Kelly et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)Present, WidespreadNativeKenzie (2008); Santelices (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoelke et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia sinuosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Absent, Intercepted onlyAbbott and Huisman (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilson (1996); Palmer (2003); Weller et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePalmer (2003); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedFosberg (1942)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePalmer (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentIntroducedLloyd (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStaples and Cowie (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedDegener and Hawkes (1951); Wilson (1996); Bishop Museum (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKato (2001); Imada (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1943); Wilson (1996); Wilson (2002); Wilson (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentWilson (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePratt et al. (2011); GBIF (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPhymatosorus scolopendria (monarch fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); New York Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentRayachhetry et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveMcFarland Nelson et al. (2004); Richerson and Jacono (2005); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveO'Doherty and Sherwood (2007); Doty (1961); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002); Perrone et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentDoty (1985); Doty (1985); Conklin and Smith (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMagruder and Hunt (1979); Abbott (1985); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002); McDermid et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresent, WidespreadInvasiveRussell (1992); Russell and Balazs (1994); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedInvasiveDoty (1985); Doty (1985); Doty and Norris (1985); Eldredge (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia tongatensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedStarr et al. (2003); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCole et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAguiar Júnior et al. (2014); PIER (2016); Wagner et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); USDA-ARS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wester and Juvik (1983); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUniversity of Hawaii Botany Department (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedStaples and Herbst (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Wang et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); Larrea-Sarmiento et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera ficoidea (rabbit meat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Imada (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Haselwood and Motter (1966); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia confertifloraAbsentEPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Neal (1965); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentIntroducedUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Enomoto et al. (2007); Snow and Lau (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); Wagner et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentMorton (1987); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone et al. (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Staples et al. (2000); Space and Flynn (2002); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wester (1992); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Wagner et al. (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); Lau et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundina graminifolia (bamboo orchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Wood and LeGrande (2006); USDA-ARS (2011); Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWagner et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex eardleyaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); USDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (2012); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone et al. (1992); Wagner et al. (2015); GBIF (2016); PIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Stemmerik (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa barbinodisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedITIS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); New York Botanical Garden (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveNYBG (2017); Parker and Parsons (2012); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CalEPPC (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hitchcock (1950); CalEPPC (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); Motooka et al. (2003); Wood and Oppenheimer (2008); Imada (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveShannon and Wagner (1996); Wagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia bonducPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); Weber (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004); ILDIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker and Parsons (2012); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2002); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedEshbaugh (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)AbsentWright (1912)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilleja arvensis (field Indian paintbrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); Hammerton (2001); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Gaskin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1998); Weber (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Romberg et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaehler and Carino (1998); USDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present, WidespreadHitchcock (1971); Holm et al. (1977); Munroe and Nishimoto (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadWesterdahl and Getsinger (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Motooka et al. (2003); PIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Carino and Daehler (2002); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodiastrum murale (nettle-leaf goosefoot)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedImada (2012); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHaselwood and Motter (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium carinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris truncataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Mueller-Dombois (1981); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Meidell et al. (1997); Starr et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); Englberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRiffle (1998); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer and Bartlett (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Englberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); PIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Wagner et al. (1999); Long et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Staples et al. (2000); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSmithsonian (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMotooka et al. (2003); Kim et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus scaber (spiral ginger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria micansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dahan et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStalpes et al. (2000); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedPIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); HEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMann (1865); Degener and Degener (1973); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer and Bartlett (2002); Bishop Museum (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2012); HEAR (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea igneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwearingen and Bargeron (2016); PIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvenhuis and Eldredge (2003); NMNH (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); Wagner et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus odoratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus virensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Holm et al. (1977); PIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNZ Naturewatch (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveImada (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium sandwicense (Hawai'i ticktrefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium tortuosum (Florida beggarweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDietes iridioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria setigera (East Indian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria violascens (violet crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedMill et al. (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDopatrium junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Higaki (1973); Holm et al. (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis obtusaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (1963); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Julien and Griffiths (1998); USDA-NRCS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnchylaena tomentosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis cumingii (Cuming's lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUchytil (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedBuitenhuis and Veldkamp (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHughes (1995); Lorence and Wagner (1995); Lorence (1996); Wagner and Lorence (1998); Wagner et al. (1999); Motooka et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Lorence et al. (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)PresentIntroducedImada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus saligna (Sydney blue gum)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuchiton japonicus (father-and-child plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hyssopifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFrohlich and Lau (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedSnow (2008); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWhistler (2000); Weber (2003); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al. (2003); Strohecker (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)Present, WidespreadNativeHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); PIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Darrow (1966); Stone et al. (1992); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Haysom and Murphy (2003); USDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveImada (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium homeanum (Australasian geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus natalensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveNelson and Schubert (1976); PIER (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedBernice Pauahi Bishop Museum (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); HEAR (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnderson and Gardner (1999); Wagner et al. (1999); PIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnderson and Gardner (1999); PIER (2000); ISSG (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum foetidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWoodcock (2003); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium amplexicaulePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterocentron subtriplinervium (pearlflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); Moata (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLittle and Skolmen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHunnemannia fumariifolia (Mexican tulip poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocleys nymphoides (water poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle sibthorpioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia hirta (coolatai grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Crouch et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2005); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea obscuraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea tricolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMotooka et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedParker and Parsons (2012); Bishop Museum (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRidley (1924); Dalziel (1948); Chadhokar (1978); Holm et al. (1979); Dehgan (1982); Swarbrick (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus bufoniusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Wysong et al. (2007); Lau and Frohlich (2012); PIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Daehler (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe beharensis (elephant’s ear kalanchoe)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedNational Tropical Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDavis et al. (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Anderson (1990); Randall (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis leonurusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); EDDMapS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium africanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); Binggeli (1997); ILDIS (2007); USDA-NRCS (2007); Englberger (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedFlora of the Hawaiian Islands (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedNesom (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSkolmen (1960); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Yasuhara-Bell et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanto et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2007); Dray et al. (2006); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHaselwood and Motter (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma septemnerviumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelochia umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNative and IntroducedWester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wester (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMedeiros et al. (1997); Roux et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); Herbst and Clayton (1998); PIER (2003); Wysong et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); PIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMollugo cervianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Wagner (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontanoa hibiscifolia (tree daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveVitousek and Walker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); Morton (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, WidespreadOrchard (1981); Holm et al. (1991); Anderson (1993); USDA-NRCS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2014); GBIF (2013); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Borth et al. (2002); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Wang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (1999); Space et al. (2009); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Mill et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoronhia emarginata (Madagascar olive)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Flynn and Lorence (2002); Starr et al. (2003); Daehler and Baker (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera affinisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveSnow and Lau (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFullaway (1954); USDA-NRCS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxyspora paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedWong (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePuff (1991); Wagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003); Smithsonian (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Draske (1998); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Motooka et al. (2003); PIER (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHerbarium Pacificum Staff (1999); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer (2003); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Watanabe et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gardner (1989); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWarshauer et al. (1983); Meidell et al. (1998); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); Wagner and Shannon (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora subpeltata (white passionflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); USDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012); Wagner et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAckerman (2012); Wagner et al. (2012); CGAPS-RCUH (2014); eMonocot (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2016); Orchid Species (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Reed (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Green et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHEAR (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Liquido et al. (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilea microphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEvenhuis and Eldredge (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); USDA-NRCS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartemink (2006); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedInvasiveDenslow and Nelson (2000); Hawaii Invasive Species (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper sarmentosumPresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMack and Lonsdale (2002); Holm et al. (1979); USDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDegener (1930); Stone (1970); Holm et al. (1979); Duke (1983); Little and Skolmen (1989); Motooka (2003); PIER (2016); Wagner et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (1999); Swearingen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum argyrocoleon (silversheath knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon viridis (water bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zimmerman (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePasiecznik et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1966); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentIntroducedGISD (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Space and Imada (2004); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCuddihy and Stone (1990); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Roskov et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaehler and Baker (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReichardia picroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); Duke and Allen (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Csurhes and Hankamer (2011); USDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedWong (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNeal (1965); Tunison (1991); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Gerrish et al. (1992); Stratton (1996); Gardner (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex browniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2010); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); Stone et al. (1992); USDA-NRCS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria platyphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentMacCaughey (1917); Lehtonen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNeal (1965); Little and Skolmen (1989); ILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker and Parsons (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlynn and Lorence (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLuken and Thieret (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizachyrium condensatum (Colombian bluestem)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNMNH (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedGucker (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentIntroducedStarr et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedPIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveStaples et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-NRCS (2002); PIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); USDA-NRCS (2014); Wagner et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBishop Museum (2013); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum linnaeanum (apple of Sodom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum robustumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liquido et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Boluk and Arif (2019); Arizala et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); PIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); PIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus elongatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2008); PIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); NatureServe (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); Wagner et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, EradicatedStone et al. (1992); Moldenke (1980); Wagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2005); NMNH (2017); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer (2004); Englberger (2009); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalinum paniculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum laevigatum (rock dandelion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLoope (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)Present, PlantedILDIS (2013); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Herbst and Wagner (1992); Starr and Starr (2006); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetrapanax papyriferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Starr et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFrohlich and Lau (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Little and Skolmen (1989); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedClifford and Kobayashi (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFarr et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer and Bartlett (2000); Starr et al. (2004); Oppenheimer (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus berteronianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiemann and Rogers (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentPIER (2018); MacCaughey (1918); St. John (1985); Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBarker and Govaerts (2017); Staples et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMotooka (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTulang (1992); Holm et al. (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2004); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wagner et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedStaples et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); GBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCarr (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeWagner et al. (1999); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex parviflora (molave)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir (1987); Starr and Starr (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (1999); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Howard (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia octofloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); US Fish and Wildlife Service (2010); GBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr Environmental (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNishina et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBranney (2005); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); ISSG (2003); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Staples et al. (2004); Hoe (1974); Frahm (1985)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, WidespreadInvasiveHenshaw (1902); Locke et al. (1965); Warner (1968); Jenkins et al. (1989); Sileo et al. (1990); Tripathy et al. (2000); Atkinson et al. (2005); Jarvi et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasiveDietzgen and Thomas (1991); Hu et al. (1993); Ferreira et al. (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentHerbst et al. (2004)
VirusHawaiia minusculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Sether et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Jiang et al. (1992)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentBrewbaker (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentJensen et al. (1990); Jiang et al. (1990); Ooka et al. (1990); CABI (Undated)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHolmes et al. (1948); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentLighter et al. (1995)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMelzer et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file