Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Hawaii

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Hawaii

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
Dactylosternum hydrophiloidesPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)PresentArizala et al. (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentAlvarez (1981); Luiz et al. (2018); Sugiyama et al. (2018);
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWyenandt et al. (2015); Anon (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeUchida and Aragaki (1979); Keith et al. (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMEREDITH and LAWRENCE (1969); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRaabe et al. (1981); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBega et al. (1978)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUchida et al. (2006); Uchida and Loope (2009); Anderson (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentUSDA-ARS, SBML. Hernández, J. R. (2004); Hernández (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBeard and O'Neill (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedTen Hove (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentHoldaway (1940); Schmidt (1943); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHabeck (1963); HABECK (1964); UK, CAB International (1981); Mau and Kessing (1991); Tsutsumi et al. (1993); Cole et al. (1996); McQuate and Jameson (2011); Spafford et al. (2016); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedInvasiveFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Murdoch et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2021); Mound and Halsey (1978); Culliney et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentKumashiro et al. (1983); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeInvasiveKaplan (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Never occurredLingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2000); Cave (2006); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArmstrong et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); Follett et al. (2009); Harris et al. (2010); Leblanc et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Virgilio et al. (2010); McQuate (2011); Boontop et al. (2017); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDrew and Hancock (1994); Smith et al. (2003); Nakahara et al. (2008); Khamis et al. (2012); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Leblanc et al. (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentVargas and Nishida (1985); Liquido et al. (1994); Peck and McQuate (2004); Bokonon-Ganta et al. (2013); McQuate et al. (2013); Chang et al. (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMatsunaga (2014); CABI and EPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, WidespreadCosta et al. (1993); Brown et al. (1995); Barro et al. (1998); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedITIS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedEldredge (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, Formerly presentStreets (1877)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMason (1932); Vargas et al. (1983); Liquido et al. (1990); Kourti et al. (1992); McPheron and Steck (1996); Gasparich et al. (1997); Davies et al. (1999); Gasperi et al. (2002); McQuate et al. (2005); Bokonon-Ganta et al. (2007); Chang et al. (2009); Vargas et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedEdmondson (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentNativeEdmondson (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Passoa (1995); Swezey (1937)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSouthward et al. (1998); Zabin (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia maculipennis (blossom midge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentLeong et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSwezey (1914); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFULLAWAY (1921)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarsie and Ward (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentSherman and Tamashiro (1954); UK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); Conant et al. (2006); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentBorchsenius (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994); González-Hernández et al. (1999); González-Hernández et al. (2005); He YanBiao et al. (2012); Palma-Jiménez and Blanco-Meneses (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentHu et al. (2009); Beardsley (1959); Beardsley (1965); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Sether et al. (1998); Sether et al. (2005); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedHeie (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHiggins (1917); NHM (1937); Carter (1984); UK, CAB International (1992); Barr et al. (2009); Barr et al. (2011); Rubinoff et al. (2011); Tooman et al. (2011); Jang et al. (2012); NAPPO (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentNakao and Funasaki (1974); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwezey (1950); Wood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentIntroducedAlm et al. (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedNakahara (1997); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGeococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)PresentTrujillo et al. (1995); Beardsley (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNagamine and Heu (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976); Mitchell and Ironside (1982); Williams and Greathead (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))Present, WidespreadMerrill (1953); BEARDSLEY jr. (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Edmondson (1959); Asakura and Watanabe (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)PresentEPPO (2021); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedGerman-Ramirez et al. (2014); Hodges and Hodges (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Present, Transient under eradicationNAPPO (2010); Burbano et al. (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBooth et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson and Taylor (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)IPPC (2009); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentBUCHANAN (1937); Pemberton (1947); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1996); Kairo et al. (2000); Jacobsen and Hara (2003); Follett (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedFujimara (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium floricolaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2006); Gertsch (1973); Kielhorn (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Jones and Caprio (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, WidespreadBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentGagne and Stein (1982); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis and Peña (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); Vorsino et al. (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, Transient under eradicationNAPPO (2014); Hawaii Department of Agriculture (2014); HDOA (2014); HDOA (2014); Marshall et al. (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentHeu et al. (2007); Muniappan (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentStocks (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentKirkaldy (1902)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentLegner and Medved (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1978); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentZimmerman (1948); Hansen et al. (1992); Hansen et al. (1992); Hata and Hara (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentTabashnik et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2021); Borchsenius (1966); Follett (2006); Wood (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentTokihiro (2006); Beardsley (1986); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHata and Hara (1992); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedJones (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyroderces rileyi (corn, worm, pink)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Bianchi (1964); Bianchi and Kajiwara (1966); Starr et al. (2004); Latchininsky (2008);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentZimmerman (1941); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDavis (1959); Davis (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAVIS and KRAUSS (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGrimshaw (1901); Howard (1901); Hull (1937); Hardy (1964); Starr et al. (2006); Thompson (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1945); EASTOP (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeAvila and Goff (1998); Plentovich et al. (2010); Gotzek et al. (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeu and Kumashiro (1989); Duan and Messing (2000); Avanesyan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentHaggis (1986); Pogue (2002); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentFirman (1982); Follett and Gabbard (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClagg (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentJohnson (1986); Welter et al. (1989); Welter et al. (1990); Hata et al. (1991); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Melzer et al. (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLynch and Johnson (1991); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedUniversity of Hawaii Honeybee Project (2014); Danka et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1927); Williams (1937); Nakahara (1980); Ikeda (1981); Matayoshi (1981); Miyahara (1981); Gambino et al. (1990); Gambino and Loope (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisAbsent, Formerly presentWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedCognato and Rubinoff (2008); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCognato and Rubinoff (2008); Samuelson (1981); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedYamamoto and Tagawa (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (undated); Welcomme (1988); Yamamoto (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedShima (1972); Morita (1981); Maciolek (1984); Devick (1991); Devick (1991); USGS NAS (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMowbray et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, Few occurrencesNativeBanks et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, EradicatedLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentIntroducedInvasivePratt et al. (1987); Nelson and Vitz (1998); Hamao (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedShafland (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedKraus et al. (1999); Ferreira et al. (2015); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeale (1905)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAvibase (2015); Alien Species in Hawaii (1999); Lever (2010); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentIntroducedUSGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHunsaker (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasivePearson and Baldwin (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedNico (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); USGS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedHawaii Department of Agriculture (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMale et al. (1998); Ralph et al. (1998); Global Invasive Species Database (2008); Lever (2010); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedNatureServe (2013); USGS (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Present, WidespreadIntroducedYamamoto (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Fraguglione (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFuller et al. (1999); Maciolek (1984); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFishbase (2004); Fuller et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHess (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedYamamoto (1992); Froese and Pauly (2004); Fuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); IUCN (2017); Frost (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUloth (1972); Giffin (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, Formerly presentKraus and Cravalho (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLever (2005); Qu et al. (2009); Clements et al. (2014); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDevick (1991); USGS NAS (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Maciolek (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveAbbot et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSibley and Monroe (1991); Sheehey and Mansfield (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveVan Riper et al. (1979); Mo (2015); BirdLife International (2017); Hawaii Invasive Species Council (2017); National Audubon Society (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedISSG (2005); Lannoo (2005); Kraus (2009); McKercher and Gregoire (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentDunlevy et al. (2000); Shiels et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Tobin and Sugihara (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedAnon (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedMaciolek (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000); Barrett and Birmingham (2005); Rusz (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)PresentIntroducedBrock (1960); Maciolek (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedYamamoto (1992); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcKeown (1991); McKeown (1996); Kraus (2009); Hagey et al. (2010); Holland et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKlavitter (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaciolek (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglund (1999); Anon (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCooke (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)Absent, Formerly presentScott (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Cowie (1998); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKondo (1956); Nakahara (1979); Tamura et al. (1981); Cowie (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al. (1996); Elder (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipaPresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1931); Joe and Daehler (2008); NatureServe (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedHunter et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentMartens and Langkavel (1871)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997); Howarth et al. (2003); NatureServe (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCowie et al. (2007); Tran et al. (2008); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentBryan (1919)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCowie (1997); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentAllen (1952); Uchida and Sipes (1998); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentHunter et al. (1972); Uchida and Sipes (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentBERGQUIST and RIEDEL (1972); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003); Wang and Hooks (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentHandoo et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadSiddiqi (1972); CABI and EPPO (2000); Wang and Hooks (2009); Lau et al. (2018); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSHER (1954); CABI and EPPO (1999); Wang and Hooks (2009); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentAnderson (1959); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedFont and Tate (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004); Guiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora laetevirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora sericeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora socialisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora vagabundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva fasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentO'Kelly et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)Present, WidespreadNativeKenzie (2008); Santelices (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoelke et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia sinuosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Absent, Intercepted onlyAbbott and Huisman (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilson (1996); Palmer (2003); Weller et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePalmer (2003); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedFosberg (1942)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePalmer (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStaples and Cowie (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedDegener and Hawkes (1951); Wilson (1996); Bishop Museum (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKato (2001); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson (2002); PIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1943); Wilson (1996); Wilson (2002); Wilson (2003); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentWilson (1996); USDA-ARS (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePratt et al. (2011); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); New York Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentRayachhetry et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveMcFarland Nelson et al. (2004); Richerson and Jacono (2005); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveO'Doherty and Sherwood (2007); Doty (1961); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002); Perrone et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentDoty (1985); Doty (1985); Conklin and Smith (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMagruder and Hunt (1979); Abbott (1985); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002); McDermid et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresent, WidespreadInvasiveRussell (1992); Russell and Balazs (1994); Abbott (1999); Smith et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedInvasiveDoty (1985); Doty (1985); Doty and Norris (1985); Eldredge (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia tongatensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedStarr et al. (2003); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCole et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wester and Juvik (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUniversity of Hawaii Botany Department (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedStaples and Herbst (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Wang et al. (2010); Larrea-Sarmiento et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Imada (2007); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedHaselwood and Motter (1966); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia confertifloraAbsentEPPO (2019); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentNeal (1965); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentIntroducedUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Enomoto et al. (2007); Snow and Lau (2010); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); Wagner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012); PIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentMorton (1987); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2021); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone et al. (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Staples et al. (2000); Space and Flynn (2002); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedWester (1992); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Wagner et al. (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); Lau et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundina graminifolia (bamboo orchid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Wood and LeGrande (2006); USDA-ARS (2011); Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWagner et al. (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); USDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone et al. (1992); Wagner et al. (2015); GBIF (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Stemmerik (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017); NMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedITIS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNew York Botanical Garden (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveNYBG (2017); Parker and Parsons (2012); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCalEPPC (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock (1950); CalEPPC (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); Motooka et al. (2003); Wood and Oppenheimer (2008); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveShannon and Wagner (1996); Wagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); Weber (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker and Parsons (2012); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2002); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedEshbaugh (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)AbsentWright (1912)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); Hammerton (2001); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Gaskin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1998); Weber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Romberg et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaehler and Carino (1998); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present, WidespreadHitchcock (1971); Holm et al. (1977); Munroe and Nishimoto (1988); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadWesterdahl and Getsinger (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentMotooka et al. (2003); PIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Carino and Daehler (2002); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHaselwood and Motter (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Mueller-Dombois (1981); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Meidell et al. (1997); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRiffle (1998); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer and Bartlett (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Wagner et al. (1999); Long et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentStaples et al. (2000); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentAnon (1987); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSmithsonian (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMotooka et al. (2003); Kim et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrescentia cujetePresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStalpes et al. (2000); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedPIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMann (1865); Degener and Degener (1973); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer and Bartlett (2002); Bishop Museum (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2012); HEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwearingen and Bargeron (2016); PIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeAnon (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvenhuis and Eldredge (2003); NMNH (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); Wagner et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Holm et al. (1977); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNZ Naturewatch (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveImada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedMill et al. (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHigaki (1973); Holm et al. (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKRAUSS (1963); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Anon (1998); USDA-NRCS (2002); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Holm et al. (1997); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUchytil (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedBuitenhuis and Veldkamp (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHughes (1995); Lorence and Wagner (1995); Lorence (1996); Wagner and Lorence (1998); Wagner et al. (1999); Motooka et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Lorence et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFrohlich and Lau (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedSnow (2008); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedImada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWhistler (2000); Weber (2003); PIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al. (2003); Strohecker (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)Present, WidespreadNativeHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); PIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentIntroducedDarrow (1966); Stone et al. (1992); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Haysom and Murphy (2003); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveImada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStaples et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNelson and Schubert (1976); PIER (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Starr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedBernice Pauahi Bishop Museum (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); HEAR (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnderson and Gardner (1999); Wagner et al. (1999); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnderson and Gardner (1999); PIER (2000); ISSG (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWoodcock (2003); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); Moata (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLittle and Skolmen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); Wagner et al. (1999); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Crouch et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2005); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaselwood and Motter (1966); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedNeal (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMotooka et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedParker and Parsons (2012); Bishop Museum (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRidley (1924); Dalziel (1948); Chadhokar (1978); Holm et al. (1979); Dehgan (1982); Swarbrick (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Wysong et al. (2007); Lau and Frohlich (2012); PIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); Daehler (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedNational Tropical Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDavis et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson (1990); Randall (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); EDDMapS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedAnon (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStarr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); Binggeli (1997); ILDIS (2007); USDA-NRCS (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedFlora of the Hawaiian Islands (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedNesom (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedAnon (1987); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Wester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSkolmen (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Yasuhara-Bell et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanto et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2007); Dray et al. (2006); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHaselwood and Motter (1966); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNative and IntroducedWester (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Wester (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMedeiros et al. (1997); Roux et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); Herbst and Clayton (1998); PIER (2003); Wysong et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); PIER (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Wagner (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveVitousek and Walker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); Morton (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, WidespreadOrchard (1981); Holm et al. (1991); Anderson (1993); USDA-NRCS (2007); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr and Starr (2014); GBIF (2013); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Borth et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Wang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Wagner et al. (1999); Space et al. (2009); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Mill et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoronhia emarginata (Madagascar olive)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Flynn and Lorence (2002); Starr et al. (2003); Daehler and Baker (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveSnow and Lau (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFullaway (1954); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedWong (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePuff (1991); Wagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2003); Smithsonian (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentWagner et al. (1999); Draske (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMotooka et al. (2003); PIER (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHerbarium Pacificum Staff (1999); Wagner et al. (1999); Oppenheimer (2003); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Watanabe et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentGardner (1989); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWarshauer et al. (1983); Meidell et al. (1998); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence et al. (1995); Wagner and Shannon (1997); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2008); EPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012); Wagner et al. (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAckerman (2012); Wagner et al. (2012); CGAPS-RCUH (2014); eMonocot (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2016); Orchid Species (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Reed (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Green et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHEAR (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Liquido et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEvenhuis and Eldredge (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartemink (2006); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedInvasiveDenslow and Nelson (2000); Hawaii Invasive Species (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper sarmentosumPresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMack and Lonsdale (2002); Holm et al. (1979); USDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDegener (1930); Holm et al. (1979); Little and Skolmen (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999); Swearingen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePasiecznik et al. (2001); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedFlora of the Hawaiian Islands (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentIntroducedGISD (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Space and Imada (2004); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCuddihy and Stone (1990); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Roskov et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaehler and Baker (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); Duke and Allen (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Csurhes and Hankamer (2011); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedWong (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNeal (1965); Tunison (1991); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); Gerrish et al. (1992); Stratton (1996); Gardner (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2010); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); Stone et al. (1992); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentMacCaughey (1917)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNeal (1965); Little and Skolmen (1989); ILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker and Parsons (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlynn and Lorence (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLuken and Thieret (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNMNH (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedGucker (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentIntroducedStarr et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedPIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveStaples et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-NRCS (2002); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); USDA-NRCS (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBishop Museum (2013); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2021); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum linnaeanum (apple of Sodom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentLiquido et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWagner et al. (2014); Arizala et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); PIER (2008); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1990); PIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); Starr et al. (2008); PIER (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); NatureServe (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, EradicatedStone et al. (1992); Moldenke (1980); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImada et al. (2005); NMNH (2017); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer (2004); Englberger (2009); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLoope (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)Present, PlantedILDIS (2013); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); Herbst and Wagner (1992); Starr and Starr (2006); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Starr et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFrohlich and Lau (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Wagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedLittle and Skolmen (1989); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedClifford and Kobayashi (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFarr et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOppenheimer and Bartlett (2000); Starr et al. (2004); Oppenheimer (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiemann and Rogers (2003); PIER (2018); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); Wagner et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBarker and Govaerts (2017); Staples et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMotooka (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentWang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTulang (1992); Holm et al. (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2004); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentWagner et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedStaples et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCarr (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeWagner et al. (1999); Imada (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir (1987); Starr and Starr (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Howard (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester (1992); US Fish and Wildlife Service (2010); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr Environmental (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNishina et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBranney (2005); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); ISSG (2003); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Staples et al. (2004); Hoe (1974); Frahm (1985)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, WidespreadInvasiveHenshaw (1902); Locke et al. (1965); Warner (1968); Jenkins et al. (1989); Sileo et al. (1990); Tripathy et al. (2000); Atkinson et al. (2005); Jarvi et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasiveDietzgen and Thomas (1991); Hu et al. (1993); Ferreira et al. (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentHerbst et al. (2004)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Sether et al. (2010); EPPO (2021)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Jiang et al. (1992)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentBrewbaker (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentJensen et al. (1990); Jiang et al. (1990); Ooka et al. (1990); CABI (Undated)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHOLMES et al. (1948); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentEPPO (2021)
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentLighter et al. (1995)
VirusTomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2021)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMelzer et al. (2010); EPPO (2021)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file