Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Florida

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Datasheet

Florida

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Erythroneura vulnerataPresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentDavis and Dean (1984); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadHarrison et al. (1997); Jomantiene et al. (1998); Harrison and Helmick (2008); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing (LY))PresentThomas (1979); Broschat et al. (2002); Harrison et al. (2008); Zwolińska et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentJomantiene et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentSomodi et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2019); USDA (2006)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Tatineni et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2017); Stelinski (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentMiller and Knauss (1973); Engelhard et al. (1983); Jones et al. (1983); Chase and Brunk (1984); Bradbury (1986); Chase (1986); Chase (1987); Miller and Burgess (1987); Miller (1991); Pernezny and Raid (2001); Strayer et al. (2012); Gumtow et al. (2013); Zhang and Fu (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); Pradhanang et al. (2002); Ji et al. (2007); Hong et al. (2008); Duan et al. (2009); Norman et al. (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Anith et al. (2004)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSchubert et al. (2001); Gottwald et al. (2002); Li et al. (2007); Gottwald et al. (2009); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); Lin HsinCheng et al. (2012); NAPPO (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, WidespreadHEWITT (1958); Barnard et al. (1998); Wichman et al. (2000); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Harmon and Hopkins (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadInvasiveRoberts et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentBarnard et al. (1986); Ploetz and Parrado (1987); Wood and Tainter (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Goodwin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyHicks (2018); Jeffers et al. (2009); Chastagner et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013); Patel et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentDankers et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2014); Palmateer et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCHANGSRI (1961); CHANGSRI and WEBER (1963); Miller (1992); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); Meehan (1950)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIriarte et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeAlfieri et al. (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentRaabe et al. (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedMiller (1997); Bandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); Mertely and Peres (2005); Mackenzie et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Present, Few occurrencesNAPPO (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDita et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)Present, WidespreadNativeAlfieri et al. (1984); Nolen (1926); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentHepting and Roth (1953); Dwinell and Phelps (1977); Blakeslee and Oak (1979); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); McMillan (1986); NAPPO (2010); USDA-APHIS (2010); USDA-APHIS (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Schubert et al. (2012); NAPPO (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentNativeBarnard et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasivePloetz and Mourichon (1999); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentGRATZ (1942); Harrison and Kelbert (1944); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaRaffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFraedrich et al. (2008); Harrington et al. (2008); Rusnak (2009); Smith et al. (2009); Smith et al. (2009); Crane and Smith (2010); Hughes et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentFraedrich et al. (1994); Paez and Smith (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMarlatt and Kimbrough (1979); Rayachhetry et al. (2001); Rayamajhi et al. (2010); Rayamajhi et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHarmon et al. (2005); SPDN (2005); USDA (2005); Harmon et al. (2006); Barnes et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesFreeman and Johnson (1911); Roelfs (1978); Roelfs (1985)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); Comstock et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)Rothermel et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentWeis and Weis (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedFofonoff et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentHoward et al. (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentRolfs (1893); Watson and Tissot (1942); Wilcox and Elmore (1943); Denmark (1955); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedInvasiveFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Hart et al. (1978); Mound and Halsey (1978); Dowell et al. (1979); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); Cherry (undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus rugioperculatus (rugose spiralling whitefly)PresentIntroducedTaravati et al. (2013); Francis et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedHoward et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeInvasiveMoore and Frue (1959); Henry and McLaughlin (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1958); Aluja et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedSteck (2001); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)AbsentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWeems (1965); Weems (1966); CABI and EPPO (2002); Hennessey et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, EradicatedLeggett (1979); Villavaso et al. (1992); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNakahara (1982); Miller (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoward et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2000); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedPPQ (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2016); IPPC (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedSteck (2010); USA, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (2010); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Akad et al. (2008); Adkins et al. (2009); Webster et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, WidespreadCosta et al. (1993); Brown et al. (1995); Polston et al. (2008); McKenzie et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2012); Schuster et al. (2007); McKenzie et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedAtkinson et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentIntroducedGuénard et al. (2018); Guénard and Dunn (2010); Allen (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Denmark (1984); Akyazİ et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJohnson and Stiling (1998); Stiling and Moon (2001); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Jeppson et al. (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (2001); Tavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedGasparich et al. (1997); NAPPO (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedLemaitre (1995); McMillen-Jackson (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeCooley (1899)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDEKLE (1965); UK, CAB International (1969); Nakahara (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, WidespreadNativeDando and Southward (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, EradicatedSkoda et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)PresentChapman (1938); UK, CAB International (1954); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKoehler (1980); Scheffrahn and Su (2005); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013); Scheffrahn and Su (2005); Chouvenc et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrossopriza lyoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBanks and Snyder (1920)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarsie and Ward (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Jansson et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentRhodes et al. (2014); Hahn and Isaacs (2012); Rhodes et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)PresentNativePayne (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); Meeker et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedHoy (1998); Tsai and Liu (2000); Tsai et al. (2002); Meyer et al. (2007); Boina et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Walter et al. (2012); Martini et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWOODRUFF (1967); Baker (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPrice and Nagle (2009); Steck (2009); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNAPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994); González-Hernández et al. (1999); Frank and Thomas (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentUnited States Department of Agriculture (1979); Miller and Miller (2002); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)PresentCarrillo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); Thomas (2007); Carrillo et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedWeems and Skelley (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella cephalicaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedOlson and Funderburk (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); Reitz (2002); Webster et al. (2010); Seal and Khan (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentNativeBousfield (1958); Bousfield (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHalbert (2001); Halbert et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentJohnson et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967); UK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentPenca and Hodges (2018); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentNativeHalbert et al. (2014); Caldwell (1946); Reinert (1977); Tsai and Kirsch (1978); Kramer (1979); Howard and McCoy (1980); Reinert (1980); Cherry and Howard (1984); Howard and Oropeza (1998); Hernández et al. (2018); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKoch et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, Formerly presentNAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Denmark (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1976); Miller and Davidson (1990); Gill (1997); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentDavidson and Miller (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)PresentNativeTriapitsyn and Phillips (2000); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Hoddle et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHamon (1984); Downie and Gullan (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)PresentWood (1982); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); Jacques (1985); Jacques et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWiley and Skelley (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentNMNH (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)IPPC (2009); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentKuschel (1951); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, LocalizedHigh (1939); Tappan (1974); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Absent, EradicatedKean et al. (2015); USDA-APHIS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMeyerdirk and DeChi (2005); Zhang and Amalin (2005); Francis et al. (2007); Vitullo et al. (2007); Chong et al. (2008); Hall et al. (2008); Amalin et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeDenmark (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentDuzee (1917); Metcalf and Bruner (1948); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Hicks (2017); Pena et al. (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentKoehler et al. (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)PresentNativeBen-Dov (1993); Herrick (1931)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Cherry and Nuessly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentIntroducedStocks and Hodges (2010); Diepenbrock and Ahmed (2020); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus araucariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesNativeKosztarab (1996); Miller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUnited States Department of Agriculture (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedPollard (1999); Miller et al. (1999); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentDickey et al. (2015); Martin (2004); Stocks (2012); Vidya et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentSharma et al. (2013); Gotzek et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Absent, EradicatedUSDA (2018); Frisbie et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole moerensPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHalbert (1998); Miller (2005); Hodges et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1986); Heppner (1993); Heppner (1995); Heppner (1999); Yang YuePing et al. (2006); Lapointe and Leal (2007); Xiao et al. (2007); Hoy et al. (2008); Stelinski and Rogers (2008); Heppner JB (2010); Stelinski et al. (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentChouvenc et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPeña and Duncan (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadLeibee and Savage (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentNativeTaylor et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020); Duyn and Murphey (1971); Branscome (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEFETAC (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Present, Transient under eradicationIntroducedInvasiveNAPPO (2007); Smith and Dixon (2008); Cocco and Hoy (2009); Peña et al. (2009); Beard et al. (2012); Carrillo et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeBush (1966); Foote et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)PresentFoote et al. (1993); Payne and Berlocher (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Present, WidespreadNativeEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedNativeOdum and Heald (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candidaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); NAPPO (2005); CABI and EPPO (2010); Farris et al. (2010); Hodges et al. (2010); Seal et al. (2010); Kumar et al. (2012); Cluever et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie (1971); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); Waring and Smith (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentBloem et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentVick et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSmeringopus pallidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeMcInnes and Tschinkel (1995); Gotzek et al. (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyO'Brien and Wibmer (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSyntomeida epilais (oleander moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClouse (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentFAO (1991); South (1991); Tsai et al. (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Seal (2004); Kox et al. (2005); O'Donnell and Parrella (2005); Seal (2005); Seal and Khan (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadHalbert (1995); Halbert and Brown (1996); CABI and EPPO (1998); Tsai (1998); Michaud (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentOsborne and Landa (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveDenmark (1970); Halbert (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentDenmark et al. (2000); Elzen and Westervelt (2002); Pettis and Jadczak (2005); Sanford et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); Wetterer and Porter (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood (1977); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchiefer and Bright (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentIntroducedInvasiveNico and Fuller (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedUSA, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRivas (1965); Hill and Cichra (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentNativeScott and Crossman (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresent, WidespreadNativeLoftus and Kushlan (1987); Page and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentNativeFuller et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole)PresentIntroducedSchwartz et al. (1975); Krysko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole)Absent, Formerly presentKrysko et al. (2011); Bartlett and Bartlett (1998); Meshaka et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis trinitatis (St Vincent bush anole)PresentIntroducedKrysko et al. (2011); Krysko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentIntroducedFWC (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRivas (1965); Courtenay et al. (1974); Hogg (1976); Hogg (1976); Courtenay and Hensley (1979); Courtenay and Hensley (1979); Courtenay et al. (1984); Loftus and Kushlan (1987); Courtenay and Stauffer (1990); Fury and Morello (1994); Loftus et al. (2004); USGS NAS (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBelshe (1961); Courtenay et al. (1974); Miley (1978); Turner and Snelson (1984); Loftus and Kushlan (1987); Loftus et al. (2004); USGS NAS (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadNativeMowbray et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, Few occurrencesNativeBanks et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNRC (National Research Council) (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentIntroducedBekoff (1977); Kaufmann (1982); Martell et al. (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFeldhamer and Demerais (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, Formerly presentKing and Krakauer (1966); Bartlett (1967); Iverson and Etchberger (1989); King and Burke (1989); Kraus (2009); Krysko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedShafland (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (Mayan cichlid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSchofield et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Nico (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentPranty (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveButterfield et al. (1997); Krysko et al. (2003); Townsend et al. (2003); Krysko et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedCope (1863); Cope (1889); Krysko et al. (2011); Meshaka (2011); Thawley (2012); Greene (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentNordlie (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMeshaka et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)PresentIntroducedNico et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveNellis et al. (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedBartley (2006); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)PresentIntroducedFuller and Neilson (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentNativeLee et al. (1980); USGS (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrysko et al. (2007); Kern Jr (2009); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Krysko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedNatureServe (2013); USGS (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)Present, WidespreadNativeUSGS NAS (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)Present, WidespreadNativeFuller et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAnderson et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, WidespreadNativeFuller et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFishbase (2004); Fuller et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLarivière (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Glorioso et al. (2010); Heinicke et al. (2011); IUCN (2017); Frost (2018); Glorioso et al. (2018);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentNativeUSGS NAS (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeFuller et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedeBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIGFA (2001); USGS (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentUSGS (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, WidespreadNativePage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedInvasiveVázquez and Young (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedLee et al. (1980); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, WidespreadNativeGehrt (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedOwre (1973); Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (2003); Lever (2005);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlbins and Hixon (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCarleton and Owre (1975); Van Riper et al. (1979); Pranty (2010); National Audubon Society (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython bivittatus (Burmese python)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSnow et al. (2007); Harvey et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeShaffer and Nakamura (1989); Benetti et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentWorth (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)Present, WidespreadNativeHall (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBarrett and Birmingham (2005); NatureServe (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHerring et al. (2006); Herring and Gawlik (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHogg (1974); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)Absent, EradicatedTaylor et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)Absent, Formerly presentCourtenay et al. (1984); Rixon et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Krysko et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeMarti et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, LocalizedNativePage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEnge et al. (2004); Krysko et al. (2011); Krysko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedCourtenay et al. (1974); Nico and Fuller (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCourtenay et al. (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStreever (1992); Havens et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensAbsent, Formerly presentMayer (1901)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, Transient under eradicationIntroducedInvasiveMead (1979); NAPPO (2011); Ciomperlik et al. (2013); NAPPO (2013); NAPPO (2013); Smith et al. (2013); NAPPO (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Absent, EradicatedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)Present, WidespreadNativeKennedy et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, LocalizedNativeFrazier et al. (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeWhite-McLean and Redford (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentNativeAbbott and Morris (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentNativePilsbry (1946); Auffenberg and Stange (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLeidyula floridana (Florida leatherleaf)PresentStange et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHunt (1958); Edmondson (1959); Hale (1964); Seaman and Porterfield (1964); Robins (1971); Dundee (1974); Thompson (1984); Howells et al. (2006); Rawlings et al. (2007); Cowie and Hayes (2012); Horgan et al. (2014); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedInvasiveClench (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentNativeMarelli and Gray (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedBenson et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Rawlings et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadIntroducedRawlings et al. (2007); Byers et al. (2013); Teem et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentCamp et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAuffenberg et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentStokes (1979); Lehman (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentLehman (1991); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentSteiner (1949); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); McSorley and Parrado (1983); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentRiggs (1977); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003); Church and Rosskopf (2005); Kaur et al. (2007); Kokalis-Burelle et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentBrito et al. (2002); Brito et al. (2004); Kaur et al. (2006); Brito et al. (2007); Kaur et al. (2007); Cetİntas et al. (2008); Nyczepir et al. (2008); Han et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); Brito et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Nyoike et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); Kaur et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadTaylor et al. (1982); Walters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); Kaur et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, Few occurrencesBrito et al. (2004); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus bolivianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSUIT and DUCHARME (1953); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedRogers (1976); Scott and Grizzle (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSager et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedParis (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeMadeira et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSt John (1936); Bartsch and Lawrence (1997); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedChristensen (1930); Diddell (1941); Degener and Hawkes (1951); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2000); Mast et al. (2015); Wunderlin and Hansen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedDiddell MW (1948)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmall (1938); Wunderlin and Hansen (2000); Elliott and Rayamajhi (2005); Hutchinson and Langeland (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson and Langeland (2010); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNauman (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1957); UF-IAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUF-IAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (2019); Knappen (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS (2005); Jacono et al. (2001); Rayachhetry et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveMcFarland Nelson et al. (2004); Nelson (1984); Westbrooks and Eplee (1989); Chilton et al. (1999); Rayachhetry et al. (2002); Richerson and Jacono (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeLittler et al. (2008); Taylor (1960); Schneider and Searles (1991); Littler and Littler (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedDawes (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSchneider and Searles (1991); Littler et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedDawes (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNatureServe (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSE-EPPC (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, Widespread, PlantedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Hall and Vandiver (1991); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdonidia merrillii (Christmas palm)PresentIntroducedBroschat (2017); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrown (2002); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara (Caribbean agave)PresentIntroducedFranck (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedReed (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedFeret (1985); Shah (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSE-EPPC (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016); CAIP (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCoulson (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014); Franck and Wunderlin (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedDuke (1981); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFlora of North America (2013); Dusky and Stall (1996); Webster et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedRadford et al. (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedMosyakin and Robertson (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA (1970); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCorrell and Johnston (1979); Myers et al. (2004); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentSmall (1933); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Richburg et al. (1996); Keese (1997); Strother (2006); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeStrother (2006); USDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia tabernaemontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wheeler (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedBritton and Millspaugh (1920); Stephens (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentMorton (1987); Liogier and Martorell (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAnderson (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMiller (2003); Clewell and Tobe (2011); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia humilis (low shoebutton)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeOwnbey (1997); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedLiogier and Martorell (2000); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedLiogier and Martorell (2000); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Randall (2012); USDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentBrito et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLong and Lakela (1971); Skarlinsky et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentTarrant and McCoy (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005); USDA-NRCS (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden (2017); Liao et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015); Debez et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentNativeEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMORTON (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoltonia asteroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentIntroducedHerreid (1963); Wunderlin et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwearingen and Bargeron (2016); Small (1910)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeGBIF (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedAtlas of Florida Vascular Plants (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedAustin (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalycanthus floridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentMarin et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentNativeAguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017); Lamb et al. (2001); Ji et al. (2007); Frantz and Mellinger (2009); Raid et al. (2017); Wu PengXiang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGeary (1983); Cronk and Fuller (1995); Gaskin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMiller et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Warfield et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentWunderlin (1939); Hall and Vandiver (1991); White et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadBlackburn et al. (1973); Campbell and Irvine (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthium latifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentMyers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedOverholt and Franck (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2007); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviformePresentMannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentAnderson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentPernezny and Raid (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedFranck (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedWunderlin (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedLombardi (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Schubert et al. (2001); Childers et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2017); Langeland and Meisenburg (2009); Burnham (2013); Roskov et al. (2018); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPhilcox (1996); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedBrown (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentIntroducedRueda (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBrown and Knox (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresent, LocalizedNativeRiffle (1998); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013); Mannion et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedBrown and Knox (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentFerrell et al. (2004); Futch and Hall (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Wunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentMannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedLiogier and Martorell (2000); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOEPP/EPPO (2004); OEPP/EPPO (2006); OEPP/EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedGann and Bradley (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Natural Areas Inventory (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002); Wunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLockhart et al. (1999); HEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraham (1975); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGilman and Watson (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNPDN (2008); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Ploetz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Myers et al. (2004); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentNatureServe (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium tortuosum (Florida beggarweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)Present, PlantedIntroducedMoyroud (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentGilreath et al. (1999); Gilreath et al. (1999); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentPernezny et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017); Anonymous (1919)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMcConnell et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedAnon (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNative and IntroducedGumtow et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNative and IntroducedWeakley (2005); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus paniculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentFernald (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedWestbrooks (1990); USA, United States Geological Survey (USGS) (2005); USA, University of Florida Herbarium (2009); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Damron and Wilson (2008); Cuda and Frank (2009); Soti and Volin (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadNativeWesterdahl and Getsinger (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015); Peterson (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCoile (1993); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMears (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentHoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentLocascio and Stall (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedHoddle et al. (2003); Gilman and Watson (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGilman and Watson (2014); Campoverde and Palmateer (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013); IFAS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman (1999); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Randall (2012); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedNadel et al. (1992); Starr et al. (2003); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Randall (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKral (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedHadden et al. (2005); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFroelichia floridanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca (goldshower)PresentIntroducedBrown (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlycosmis parviflora (flower axistree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentWunderlin and Hansen (2008); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium amarum (bitterweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum (longdisk sneezeweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020); Compositae Working Group (CWG) (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeaver and Francis (1989); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentHoddle et al. (2003); Roy et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKaufman and Kaufman (2012); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2001); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); Pieterse (1981); Sutton and Portier (1995); Fox et al. (1996); Sutton (1996); Mataraza et al. (1999); Hanlon et al. (2000); Wheeler and Center (2001); Cuda et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMuenscher (1944); Weaver and Wetzel (1980); Wunderlin (1998); Hong et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePalmateer and Ploetz (2006); Palmateer et al. (2007); Tarnowski et al. (2010); Kumar et al. (2012); Sanahuja et al. (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Patel and Zhang (2017); Gazis et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentWunderlin et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2018); Palmateer et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Langeland and Burks (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWallace (1957); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedMorton (1989); Puy et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveWestbrooks and Eplee (1989); Van and Madeira (1998); IFAS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentWestbrooks and Eplee (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora casei (giant red ixora)PresentIntroducedKeeler et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2016); Kamenova et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedHoward (1989); Francis (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman and Watson (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedBrown and Knox (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEDDMapS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop)PresentNativeBarkworth et al. (2007); Wunderlin and Hansen (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); ILDIS (2007); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucophyllum frutescens (Texas barometer bush)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNesom (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentMiller (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2015); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedUSDA (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentGBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Kumar et al. (2012); Sanahuja et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2001); Kumar et al. (2012); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Hitchcock and Chase (1910)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHoddle et al. (2003); Dray et al. (2006); USDA-NRCS (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2001); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012); Wunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentIntroducedAustin (1979); Wunderlin et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Wunderlin et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2016); Small (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGann and Bradley (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWeaver and Dixon (2010); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCenter and Kipker (1991); Sutton and Langeland (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Hitchcock (1899); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDave's Garden (2019); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2019); USDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, PlantedIntroducedHodges and Gardner (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Baker and Zettler (1988); USDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentWalter et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedMcLaughlin and Garofalo (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Schardt and Schmitz (1990); McCann et al. (1996); USDA-NRCS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedSteward (1993); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStone (2009); Judd (2003); Knox and Wilson (2006); GBIF (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFranck and Daniel (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentWichman et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2003); Small (1933); Hitchcock and Chase (1951); Hall (1978); Gordon (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoronhia emarginata (Madagascar olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019); Missouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedWiersema (1982); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea mexicana (yellow waterlily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveAquatics Magazine (2005); USA, UFL-CAPI (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Baker et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedTerrell and Robinson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentWestbrooks and Eplee (1988); Vandiver et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedPalmateer et al. (2012); University of Florida Herbarium (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMyers and Wunderlin (2003); FLAS (2015); Mast et al. (2015); Wunderlin and Hansen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHitchcock (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedHoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLittle et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentAneja et al. (1991); Kohli and Daizy Rani (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017); Hopkins and Purcell (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeMallison et al. (2006); Wunderlin and Hansen (2008); Welch (2009); Mallison and Thompson (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018); Hitchcock (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); Chase (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBarkworth et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMartin (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016); Hixson and Crow (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Morton (1967); Tarnowski and Ploetz (2010); Wunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentKillip (1938); Anon (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentStephens (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012); Hitchcock (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveClayton et al. (2013); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRobinson et al. (2011); Vivi's Orchids (2014); eMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Lynch et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeBaird et al. (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWehtje et al. (1992); Norcini et al. (1995); USDA-NRCS (2002); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)Present, WidespreadNativeWunderlin et al. (1996); McKenzie et al. (2004); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentKent Kirk (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, Widespread, PlantedNativeLittle and Dorman (1954); Paez and Smith (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartemink (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentInvasiveLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Dray and Center (1989); Lemon and Posluszny (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1976); Parrotta (1991); AFFA (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman (1976); French-Monar et al. (2006); Raid et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Kumar et al. (2012); Sanahuja et al. (2018); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFLEPPC (2017); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Harmon et al. (2005); Harmon et al. (2006); Gevens et al. (2008); Medal et al. (2013); Tyler-Julian et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedSwearingen and Bargeron (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampbell (1977); USDA-NRCS (2012); Rayamajhi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMiller et al. (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMunger (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Millhollon and Burner (1993); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedBecking (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentPoudel et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedFloridata (2016); Pennell (1919);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); Wunderlin and Hansen (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentHopkins and Purcell (2002); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBlack (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGarofalo et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSemer and Charudattan (1997); Cuda et al. (2006); USDA-NRCS (2007); Manrique et al. (2008); Cuda et al. (2009); Cuda et al. (2009); Gioeli and Langeland (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus cyperinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedUS Forest Service (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWilder and McCombs (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTeem et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedGillman and Watson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); University of South Florida (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2012); Hitchcock (1951)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2009); Britton and Brown (1947); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); McKenzie et al. (2004); French-Monar et al. (2006); Badillo-Vargas et al. (2015); Seo et al. (2015); Döker et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasivePatrock and Schuster (1992); USDA-NRCS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentWestbrooks and Elpee (1988); D'Arcy (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2008); Church and Rosskopf (2005); Iriarte et al. (2007); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentNativeInvasiveGrevstad et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInstitute for Regional Conservation (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Absent, Intercepted onlyUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, EradicatedAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2016); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2013); Harmon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentParker and Riches (1993); Botanga and Timko (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, LocalizedNativeGentry (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); FLEPPC (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZomlefer et al. (2007); Wunderlin and Hansen (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia geniculata (alligator flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2019); USDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRadford (1980); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Wunderlin and Hansen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia ohiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedFloridata (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004); USDA-NRCS (2018); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentInvasiveParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWestbrooks and Eplee (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRogers (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentFayette et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wunderlin and Hansen (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Wunderlin and Hansen (2008); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2008); Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2011); Chaudhari et al. (2012); Chaudhari et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora of North America Editorial Committee (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI (Undated); Kartesz (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Exotic Pest Plant Council (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFlorida Museum of Natural History (2015); Wunderlin and Hansen (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinereaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedHoward (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWunderlin and Hansen (2013); GBIF (2013); Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLangeland et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, WidespreadNativeBONAP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStephens (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBranney (2005); USDA-NRCS (2013); Chouvenc et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2007); Morton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2015)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentSimpson et al. (1975); Hitchner and Clubb (1980); Jacobson et al. (1980); Akey et al. (1981); Deem et al. (1997)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5Present, WidespreadEne et al. (2005)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Fawcett (1911); Knorr (1968); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2014)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2019)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentWebster et al. (2011); Polston et al. (2008); Adkins et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTsai and Falk (1988); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentConover (1964); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPassion fruit woodiness virus (passionfruit woodiness disease)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationLeahy (2009); Baker et al. (2014)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentBaker et al. (2010); Comstock et al. (2000); Harmon et al. (2015)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadPolston et al. (1994); Polston (1998); EPPO (2020)
VirusTuberose mild mottle virus (tuberose mild mottle virus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDey et al. (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
anaplasmosisPresent, WidespreadPalmer et al. (1986)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentJohnson and Marquardt (1975); King and Hopkins (1983); Moore et al. (1998)
avian trichomoniasisPresentConti and Forrester (1981)
avipoxPresentSimpson et al. (1975); Hitchner and Clubb (1980); Jacobson et al. (1980); Akey et al. (1981); Deem et al. (1997)
bluetonguePresentPearson et al. (1992); CABI (Undated)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedRogers (1976); Scott and Grizzle (1979)
botulismPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentSuarez et al. (1993)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Rothermel et al. (2008)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, EradicatedSkoda et al. (2018)
Digenean infections of fishPresentSkinner (1975)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentFrancis-Floyd et al. (1993)
encephalomyocarditisPresentGainer (1967)
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentPlumb (1999)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentUSDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services (1997); USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services (1999)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)PresentTurell (1993); Gamble et al. (1994); Morris et al. (1994); Dunbar et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresent, WidespreadSmith and Coates (1938); Aguirre and Lutz (2004); Ene et al. (2005)
fowlpoxPresentDeem et al. (1997); Kreuder et al. (1999)
hexamitosis and spironucleosis of fishPresentPoynton et al. (1995)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno (1999)
lyme borreliosisPresentOliver et al. (1995)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentHerbst et al. (2001)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentLandsberg (1993)
nematodes in fishPresentGaines and Rogers (1972)
paratuberculosisPresentMerkal et al. (1987)
Q feverPresent, LocalizedConti et al. (2004)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedKrebs et al. (1999)
small hive beetle infestationPresentIntroducedInvasiveFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010)
swine influenzaPresentChambers et al. (1991)
varroosis of honey beesPresentDenmark et al. (2000); Elzen and Westervelt (2002); Pettis and Jadczak (2005); Sanford et al. (2007)
vesicular stomatitisPresentJenney (1967)
West Nile feverPresentPowell (2002)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file