Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

District of Columbia

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Datasheet

District of Columbia

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  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • District of Columbia
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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Walter et al., 1952.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (asian needle ant) Present Introduced Guénard et al., 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Jeppson et al., 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoCooley, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesDarsie and Ward, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Introduced NoIIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Native Harris, 1989; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Tilmant, 1999; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Dell'Amore, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Native NoBrown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced Kartesz, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Absent, formerly present Introduced Geological Survey, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced Roskov et al., 2018; Burnham, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Localised Introduced YesZouhar, 2009; EDDMapS, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced SI Herbarium Collection.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced YesUS Forest Service, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Introduced Shetler and Orli, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoNMNH, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced EDDMapS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleioblastus argenteo-striatus Present Introduced Steury et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced NoUS Forest Service, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Introduced Woodland, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Localised Introduced Kartesz, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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