Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

California

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Datasheet

California

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2014); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentJomantiene et al. (1999); Shaw et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentPurcell (1988); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); Kumagai et al. (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHansen et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2019); Kumagai et al. (2013); IPPC (2020); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2020); NAPPO (2012); Kumagai et al. (2013); Yan et al. (2016); CABI/EPPO (2017); Yaqub et al. (2017); Stelinski (2019); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentSinger et al. (1998)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentGrogan et al. (1977); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, WidespreadInvasiveCrosson et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentPurcell and Hopkins (1996); Purcell et al. (1999); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Almeida and Purcell (2003); Almeida and Purcell (2003); Chen et al. (2005); Groves et al. (2005); Francis et al. (2006); Shapland et al. (2006); Chen et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); Hilton et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, WidespreadNativePryfogle et al. (1997); Spaulding and Elwell (2007)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWyenandt et al. (2015); Blomquist et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentMircetich and Matheron (1976); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentSwiecki et al. (2003); Garbelotto et al. (2006); Shands et al. (2016); Nouri et al. (2018); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Tantius et al. (1986); Carter et al. (1990); Goodwin et al. (1995); Goodwin et al. (1999)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKliejunas and Adams (1981); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentERWIN (1965)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, LocalizedHicks (2018); Davidson et al. (2002); Maloney et al. (2002); Hüberli et al. (2003); Hüberli et al. (2004); Hüberli et al. (2005); Vettraino et al. (2006); Vettraino et al. (2006); Grünwald et al. (2008); Tjosvold et al. (2008); Vettraino et al. (2008); Chastagner and Riley (2010); Chastagner et al. (2010); Yakabe and MacDonald (2010); Riley and Chastagner (2011); Riley et al. (2011); Blomquist et al. (2012); Hüberli et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Garbelotto et al. (2014); NAPPO (2016); USDA-APHIS (2016); Rooney-Latham et al. (2017); EPPO (2020); UC Berkeley Forest Pathology and Mycology Lab (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentGulya et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); DAVIS et al. (1949); French (1989); Tidwell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSinclair et al. (1987); Raabe (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)PresentUK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentSomerville et al. (1984)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Blomquist et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentNativeDavis (1953); Webster and Butler (1967); DeVay et al. (1968); Hinds (1985); Perry and McCain (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentHANSEN and THOMAS (1940); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010); Swain et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeOfford (1964)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLawrence et al. (2015); Úrbez-Torres et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveShaw (1973)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Úrbez-Torres et al. (2006); Choudhury et al. (2014); Crespo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDaughtrey et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Present, LocalizedNAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)Present, WidespreadBlasingame (1990); Skovgaard et al. (2001); Kim et al. (2005); Holmes et al. (2009); Bennett et al. (2011); Cianchetta et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGeosmithia morbida (thousand cankers disease)PresentInvasiveKolařík et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); Yaghmour et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentMcCain et al. (1987); Correll et al. (1991); Storer et al. (1994); Gordon et al. (2001); Wikler et al. (2003); Vogler et al. (2004); Garbelotto et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); Swett and Gordon (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeThompson (1941); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1996); Brasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSinclair and Campana (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagener (1928); Wagener (1939); Wagener (1948); CABI and EPPO (2014); Rocca et al. (2017); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentHunt (1969); Burgess et al. (2001)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentIntroducedMellano (2006); Zambino and Nolan (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGould and Shaw (1969)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentNativeMILLER (1968); Kinloch and Comstock (1981); Samman (1982); UK, CAB International (1983); Chen et al. (1985); Kliejunas (1985); French (1987); Smith and Hoffman (2000); Smith et al. (2000); Chen (2004); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeGarbelotto et al. (1996)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeGarbelotto et al. (1996)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentSchneider et al. (2005)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedFreeman and Johnson (1911); Roelfs (1978); Roelfs (1985)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePadgett-Flohr and Hopkins (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFong (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFauvel (1933); Wasson et al. (2001); Cohen (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadNativeSikorski and Bick (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKoehler et al. (1985); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentKeifer (1940); Michelbacher (1944); Michelbacher et al. (1950); WILCOX and HOWLAND (1950); Keifer (1952); Wilcox and Howland (1954); WILCOX and HOWLAND (1956); Hessein and Perring (1986); Zalom et al. (1986); Royalty and Perring (1988); Royalty and Perring (1989); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnnand (1928); Steffan (1972); Coulson and Witter (1984); CABI/EPPO (2012); Hrinkevich et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Absent, EradicatedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus auroguttatus (goldspotted oak borer)PresentInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentMiklasiewicz and Walker (1990); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCarlton (1979); Newman (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1958); Foote et al. (1993); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyFoote et al. (1993); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); Foote et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyFoote et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2008); Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); Nowak et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, EradicatedDegrande (1991); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling (1959); Rose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Wintermantel and Natwick (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Grafton-Cardwell (1991); Rosenheim et al. (1993); Rosenheim et al. (1997); Steinkraus et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedSanford (1994); Kim and Oguro (1999); Nielsen et al. (2000); Piereira and Chaud-Netto (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthrips rancidellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, EradicatedMuniappan et al. (2012); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLiu and Trumble (2006); Liu et al. (2006); Liu and Trumble (2007); Hansen et al. (2008); Arp et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2015); Foote et al. (1993); CDFA (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Absent, EradicatedFoote et al. (1993); NAPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2013); NAPPO (2013); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedNAPPO (2016); IPPC (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentIntroducedRice et al. (2003); Athar (2005); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); Sirjani et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationIntroducedCDFA (2013); Spaugy (1988); Carey and Dowell (1989); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPalumbo and Natwick (2010); Reed et al. (2013); Joseph (2014); Lambert and Dudley (2014); Palumbo et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); Reed et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Batuman et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, WidespreadCosta et al. (1993); Brown et al. (1995); Byrne et al. (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMcKenzie et al. (2012); Ahmed et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedOlson et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)Present, WidespreadNativeBaker and Tuttle (1964); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1988); McDaniel and Boe (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedAshton et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCarlton and Cohen (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationGasparich et al. (1997); Davies et al. (1999); Gasperi et al. (2002); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2017); NAPPO (2019); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGroff et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeGill (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Gill (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAtkinson et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Absent, Formerly presentLight (1936)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGill (1991); Dahlsten et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarsie and Ward (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactylotrypes longicollisPresentIntroducedLaBonte and Takahashi (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveFurniss and Carolin (1977); Wood (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); Ciesla and Coulston (2002); Gillette et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveFurniss and Orr (1978); Wood (1982); Ciesla and Coulston (2002); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWood (1982); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeRoss and Arnett (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, Few occurrencesCampbell (2008); NAPPO (2008); CABI/EPPO (2011); Kumagai et al. (2013); NAPPO (2013); NAPPO (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWOODRUFF (1967); Baker (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)Present, WidespreadWebster and Amosson (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanaphis acerifoliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBurrack et al. (2012); Stemberger (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNAPPO (2010); NAPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKeen (1952); Kloft et al. (1964); Holms and Ruth (1968); Koot (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-APHIS (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); USA, USDA-APHIS (2007); Barr et al. (2009); NAPPO (2009); Shelly (2009); Barr et al. (2011); Buergi et al. (2011); Rubinoff et al. (2011); Tooman et al. (2011); Wang et al. (2012); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)PresentInvasiveSeeno and Andrews (1972); UK, CAB International (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedNHM (2004); USGS NAS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEskalen et al. (2012);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius virilis (virile crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRiegel (1959)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCapinera (2013); Langston and Powell (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGill (1998); Brennan et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentCowles and Downer (1995); Hanks et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967); UK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKnodel and Hoebeke (1996); Koch et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Hessein and McMurtry (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentMcKenzie (1935); UK, CAB International (1976); Argyriou (1990); Chu and Wood (1990); Gill (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))Absent, EradicatedNakahara (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTriapitsyn and Phillips (2000); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); CDFA (2003); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFord and Krekorian (1973); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Kim et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedArakelian (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Gill (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentGill (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMenzies (1957); Carlton (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKofoid and Miller (1927); Carlton (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Woodworth (1908); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)IPPC (2009); Poe (1982); Spencer and Steyskal (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentKuschel (1951); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, LocalizedHigh (1939); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2009); NAPPO (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); NAPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); USDA-APHIS (2004); Kean et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMatile-Ferrero et al. (2000); Roltsch (2004); Roltsch et al. (2006); Castle and Prabhaker (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeWittenborn and Olkowski (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadNativeMilliron (1949); Keen (1958); UK, CAB International (1977); Hedlin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadEaston (1955); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Duzee (1917); Metcalf and Bruner (1948); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedChew et al. (1964); Chew et al. (1965); Katkansky and Warner (1968); Bradley and Siebert (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Schlinger and Mackauer (1963); Vehrs et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Hoffmann et al. (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentBurks et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona omoscopaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaack (2004); Lee et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentOlson et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentO'Brien and Wibmer (1982); Phillips (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentNativeInvasiveLewis (2002); United States Geological Survey (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNewman (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Absent, EradicatedLegner and Medved (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); Beasley and Adams (1995); Liu YuDi et al. (2009); Wang et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole moerensPresentMartinez et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentNativeInvasiveMcKENZiE (1967); Goeden (1971); Gordh (1979); Pinto and Frommer (1980); Fuchs et al. (1991); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedHanks et al. (1998); Paine et al. (2000); Kliejunas et al. (2001); Bybee et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); Hanks et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentLe Van Vang et al. (2008); Guillen and Heraty (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentHickman (1981); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentIntroducedGander (1927)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Formerly presentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveFleminger and Kramer (1988); Orsi and Walter (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCISR (2013); EFETAC (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, Few occurrencesBerlocher (1984); Riedl et al. (1989); Foote et al. (1993); Yokoyama and Miller (1993); McPheron and Steck (1996); Chen et al. (2006); Chen et al. (2010); Steenwyk et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)PresentFoote et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAndres and Rees (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJones (1940); Petersen (2006);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2015); NAPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Present, Transient under surveillanceNAPPO (2011); Wattanapongsiri (1966); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Hamon and Williams (1984); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentNativeInvasiveSong (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie (1971); O'Brien and Wibmer (1982); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)Absent, Formerly presentKnutson and Orth (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentBellows et al. (1990); Sorensen et al. (1990); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeRisch and Carroll (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis xyloni (southern fire ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedGarrison (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)USDA APHIS (2020); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedVetter and Rust (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyO'Brien and Wibmer (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNAPPO (2016); USDA–APHIS–PPQ (2008); Gilligan et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentBoyce et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveVetter et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)Present, WidespreadNativeAkre et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLinsley and Macleod (1942); Hobson and Bright (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentIntroducedPowell (1970); Ryland et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentIntroducedInvasiveNico and Fuller (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHovey and Swift (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSmith (1896); Dill and Cordone (1997); USGS NAS (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbystoma mavortium (barred tiger salamander)PresentAmphibiaWeb (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresentIntroducedMoyle (1976); Wydoski and Whitney (1979); USGS NAS (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedFuller et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBarrett (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSGS NAS (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2006); Gates et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedLambert and Lambert (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedDavidson et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadNativeMowbray et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, LocalizedNativeStackhouse (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeNatureServe (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSafari Club International (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFeldhamer and Demerais (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFish and Wildlife Service (2002); USGS (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, Formerly presentBanta and Morafka (1966); Bury and Luckenbach (1976); Stebbins (1985); Holland (1994); Jennings (2004); Kraus (2009); Van Dijk (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedNico (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentRyall (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHubbs (1954); Moyle (1976); Brandenburg and Gido (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBureau of Land Management (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDill and Cordone (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLampropeltis californiaePresentNativeCalifornia Herps (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDill and Cordone (1997); NatureServe (2013); USGS (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentIntroducedDill and Cordone (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)PresentIntroducedSmith (1896); Shebley (1917); Evermann and Clark (1931); Lampman (1946); Lanse (1965); Moyle (1976); Dill and Cordone (1997); Sommer et al. (2001); Matern et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMoyle (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLambert and Lambert (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFuller et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Absent, EradicatedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentNativeLarivière (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveFeldhamer et al. (2003); Manuwal and Sweitzer (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNativeBehnke (2002); Fuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUloth (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, Formerly presentJennings (1987); Brown (1997); Jennings (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)Absent, EradicatedDill and Cordone (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPeromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse)PresentNativeMusser and Carleton (2005); Timm et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadeBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedUSGS (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedNelson and Paetz (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDeichsel et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedSwift et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLambert and Lambert (1998); Lambert and Lambert (2003); Cohen et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedMoyle (1976); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedMoyle (1976); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, WidespreadNativeGehrt (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHardy (1964); Hardy (1973); Mabb (1997); Mabb (2002); USA, California, City of Bakersfield (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMo (2015); Clergeau and Mandon-Dalger (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBury and Whelan (1984); Lannoo (2005); Kraus (2009); McKercher and Gregoire (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedRobins et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDill and Cordone (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJameson and Peeters (1988); King et al. (2010); Claytor (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchuyler et al. (2002); Barrett and Birmingham (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCourtenay and Hensley (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCosta-Pierce (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedNico and Fuller (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveVosjoli and Ferguson (1995); McKeown (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadNativeMarti et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedCourtenay and Meffe (1989); Nico and Fuller (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCourtenay et al. (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHand and Gwilliam (1951); Hand and Jones (1957); Aldrich (1961); Siegfried et al. (1980); Cohen and Carlton (1995); Wasson et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresent, Few occurrencesMcConnaughey et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveYasutake and Wolf (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCarlton (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCarlton et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStearns (1900); Basinger (1931); Auffenberg and Stange (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKennedy et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReise et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeWhite-McLean and Redford (2011); McDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentLey et al. (2014); McDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS-NAS (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedOrcutt (1890); McDonnell et al. (2009); NatureServe (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCarlton (2007); USA, San Francisco Estuary Partnership (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedFriedman and Hedrick (1995); Friedman (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentIntroducedHowells et al. (2006); Rawlings et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcDonald and Koehn (1988); Wonham (1999); Dutton and Hofmann (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedNatureServe (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentMcDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedRay (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentCerutti (1998); Howells et al. (2006); Rawlings et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHerbst et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentMagoon and Vining (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Chace (1915); Basinger (1927); Gammon (1943); Armitage (1949); Mead (1971); Cowie (1987); Roth et al. (1987); Cowie (1990); Roth and Sadeghian (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Absent, Intercepted onlyMcDonnell et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentSTURHAN (1962); Siddiqui et al. (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentMundo-Ocampo et al. (1994); Cherry et al. (1997); Bekal and Becker (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Viglierchio (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentViglierchio et al. (1973); Hart (1976); Westerdahl et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentWalters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); McClure et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNischwitz et al. (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Nyczepir et al. (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadTaylor et al. (1982); Walters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadTaylor et al. (1982); Walters and Barker (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, Few occurrencesPitcher et al. (1974); Brown (1983); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentRASKI et al. (1971); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedHoffman (1999); Warburton et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedUNEP (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTrowbridge (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentHayden and Waaland (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTiffany et al. (2007); Sager et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAbbott and Hollenberg (1976); Phillips (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedThornber et al. (2003); Silva et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeRicherson and Grigarick (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedTracy (1940); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHultén and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentMarchi et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentRayachhetry et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveMcFarland Nelson et al. (2004); Richerson and Jacono (2005); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedDoty (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusAbsent, Formerly presentDoty and Norris (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedHollenberg (1944); Abbott and Hollenberg (1976); Scagel et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolt and Boose (2000); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBaldwin et al. (2012); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004); ILDIS (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); USDA-NRCS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZedler and Black (2004); Victorian Resources Online (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedHickman (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Jhalendra Rijal and Duncan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedSE-EPPC (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBottel (1933); USDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentKoike and Smith (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCalflora (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedCoulson (1977); USDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentIntroducedJepson Flora Poject (2014); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFlora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHauptli and Jain (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentUSDA (1970); Zhang et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedHrusa et al. (2002); Mosyakin and Robertson (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentGuaragna et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Strother (2006); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia confertifloraPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeStrother (2006); USDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentNativeWyman (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGrossberger (1999); Morton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedRandall (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium abietinum (fir dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwearingen (2006); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveXerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCalflora (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCalflora (2012); Hickman (1993); Hrusa and Glazner (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedHull and Mooney (1990); USDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedBut and Chia (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Collins and Blackwell (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedHickman (1993); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCalflora (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAmme (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeHoopes and Hall (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGeological Survey US (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock (1950); Gould (1951); Kearney and Peebles (1951); CalEPPC (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHitchcock (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoja (1998); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Calflora (2009); NatureServe (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Cudney et al. (1993); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGildenhuys et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDunn (1976); Woods et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDunn (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentInvasiveCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2020); Vilà and D'Antonio (1998); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedMerwin (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentIntroducedPatterson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedPeerzada et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDiTomaso and Kyser (2013); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDuncan (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHowell (1959); Robbins et al. (1970); Hickman (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDiTomaso and Healy (2007); USDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDiTomaso (2001); Duncan (2001); Dukes et al. (2011); Eriksen et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDuncan (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMunz (1973); Calflora (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadWesterdahl and Getsinger (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveDewey (1897); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHodgson (1971); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium ochrocentrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedMitich (1998); Randall (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentYan et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoenaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia purpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Burnham (2013); Roskov et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedThieret (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Koike and Glawe (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKempen and Graf (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentNativeJepson Manual (2009); The Calflora Database (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLambrinos (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)PresentLittle and Skolmen (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedJepson Flora Project (2018); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedJacobson and Zika (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBarbe (1976); Davis and Sherman (1991); USDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHammel and Reeder (1979); Randall (2012); eMonocot (2015); GBIF (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHammel and Reeder (1979); Randall (2012); eMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentAlbu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGilman and Watson (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentIntroducedPLANTS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHrusa and Kelch (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Bekal and Becker (2000); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentBarrett and Seaman (1980); USDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Graves et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Martin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCalflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentFarrar et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMunz (1959); Barkley (1993); UCJeps (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDimorphotheca sinuata (Cape marigold)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba verna (spring whitlowgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentKoike (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedWiley and Darlington (1985); Keeley and Thullen (1991); Norris (1992); Keeley and Thullen (1993); USDA-NRCS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)Present, WidespreadNative and IntroducedInvasiveCalFlora (2017); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJepson (1979); Hickman (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHickman (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadNativeAnderson (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRobbins et al. (1951); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium brachycarpumPresentEiseman (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014); Eiseman (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedBarkworth et al. (2003); Peterson (2003); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentIntroducedWilken and Hannah (1998); Nijveldt and Beuk (2000); US Fish and Wildlife Service (2009); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa acuminataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentBurks et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2003); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedHanks et al. (1995); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); Riordan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2016); Swett and Gordon (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Aiken et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentMayorquin et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCAL-IPC (2005); Jardini et al. (2012); USDA-NRCS (2013); Koike et al. (2015); Koike et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativePIER (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHrusa et al. (2002); Calflora (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura lindheimeriPresentBlomquist et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJepson (1979); Hickman (1993); Han Xiao et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveThompson et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLeppig (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedWomach (2005); Kim et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveMcClintock (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReichard (2000); USDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium amarum (bitterweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFerris and Abrams (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014); Koike (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUS Fish and Wildlife Service (2014); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); Baldwin et al. (2012); Calflora (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrooks (2004); DiTommaso et al. (2013); GBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012); CalFlora (2000); Swett and Gordon (2012); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011); Pieterse (1981); Spencer and Ksander (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMason (1957); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentCerkauskas et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJepson Flora Project (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2016); Staples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentNativeBONAP (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedZika (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman and Watson (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedMorton (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Miller et al. (1986); Koike et al. (2011); Rector et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentInvasiveGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentConsortium of California Herbaria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStarr et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucophyllum frutescens (Texas barometer bush)PresentIntroducedCalflora (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedNesom (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedUSGS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Plant Atlas of the United States (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Uddin et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOkada et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Jepson Online Interchange (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentNativePIER (2015); ILDIS (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-NRCS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeJSTOR Global Plants (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStuckey (1980); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedDray et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedAnon (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVitousek (1992); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Koike and Azad (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSA, Calflora (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentBarrett and Seaman (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea (Cape tulip)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedHrusa et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnderson (1993); Rejmanek and Randall (1994); Bossard et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Eiswerth et al. (2000); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Saenz et al. (2000);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentKoike et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNemophila menziesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Absent, Formerly presentGuala (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveYoung and Evans (1969); Keil and Turner (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentNAPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Absent, EradicatedEplee et al. (1994); Pennypacker et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedPalmateer et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum hillmaniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); Robbins et al. (1951); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRiefner and Boyd (2007); Calflora (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRiefner and Columbus (2008); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRejmánek (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentRooney-Latham et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRejmánek (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentBONAP (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Wong et al. (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); Lovich (2000); GBIF (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia campanulariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentGroenigen and Kessel (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRobbins et al. (1970); Reed (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedBaudoin (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium colensoiPresentSerdani et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)PresentSerdani et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEDDMapS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)Present, WidespreadNativeHickman (1993); CalFlora (2000); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentGordon et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGordon et al. (2001); Knapp (2002); USDA-NRCS (2004); Garbelotto et al. (2007); Kim et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentNativeLindsay (1932); Forde (1966); Gordon et al. (2001); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleuraphis jamesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Shapland et al. (2006); McClure et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHitchcock (1951); Swearingen (2009); Invasiveorg (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentChen et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadSieckert (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNaylor et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGuertin (2003); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedZimmerman (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJohnston (1962); Burkart (1976); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPopenoe (1920); Sweet (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttallianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2017); Swearingen and Bargeron (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMunger (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedBecking (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCreager (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLuken and Thieret (1997); USDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBossard et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedPacific Horticulture (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum spathulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedJepson Flora Project (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeCsurhes (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, LocalizedInvasiveRandall (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Hitchcock (1951)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSidalcea malvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium californicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAmor (1978); Robinson et al. (1978); Boyd et al. (1984); USDA-NRCS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedDiTomaso and Healy (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentRomberg et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEDDMapS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentUSDA (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaehler and Strong (1995); Daehler and Strong (1996); Anttila and Daehler (1997); Daehler and Strong (1997); Grevstad et al. (2003); Ayres et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDiTomaso and Kyser (2013); Jepson Flora Project (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCalflora (2014); NatureServe (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentShapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); Kyser et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBaum (1967); Luken and Thieret (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBaum (1967); Crins (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaum (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaum (1967); Crins (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRobbins (1940); Harris (1998); Wishner (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentKoike (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); CalEPPC (1999); Choudhury et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentRobbins et al. (1951); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentAnderson (1990); USDA-NRCS (2007); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-NRCS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); Han Xiao et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeCarey (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentFlora of North America Editorial Committee (1997); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); Kartesz (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Glawe and Koike (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoward (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm (1980); Norris and Shevock (2004); Frahm (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentPower and Human (1976); Hill and Bogue (1977); Emanuelson et al. (1978); Harris et al. (1978); McDonald et al. (1981); Wheeldon et al. (1985)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentGildow (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMartin et al. (2018)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); NAPPO (2013); NAPPO (2013); Tian et al. (2014)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentLemaire et al. (1993)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentKuo et al. (2007); Wintermantel et al. (2009); Batuman et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentRowhani et al. (1997); Klaassen et al. (2011); Alabi et al. (2014)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Poole et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, WidespreadSHEPHERD et al. (1964); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentNativeZettler et al. (1980); Moreno et al. (1976)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); Ling and Sfetcu (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014)
Virusrabies virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentFlock and Mayhew (1981); Cohen et al. (1983); Smith et al. (1997); Kuo et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014); Batuman et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); Chitambar (2018); Ling et al. (2019)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO (2020); Rojas et al. (2007);
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJepson et al. (1975)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
amoebic gill diseasePresentKent et al. (1988)
amyloodiniosisPresentKuperman et al. (2001)
anaplasmosisPresent, WidespreadBehymer et al. (1991); Clark et al. (1993); Jessup et al. (1993); Chomel et al. (1994); Elliott et al. (1994)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentMoore et al. (1998)
avian trichomoniasisPresentRupiper and Harmon (1988); Willoughby et al. (1995)
avipoxPresentPower and Human (1976); Hill and Bogue (1977); Emanuelson et al. (1978); Harris et al. (1978); McDonald et al. (1981); Wheeldon et al. (1985)
babesiosisPresentThomford et al. (1993); Kjemtrup et al. (1995); Singer et al. (1997)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentTomassini et al. (2009)
bluetonguePresent, WidespreadPearson et al. (1992); CABI (Undated)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresent, LocalizedHoffman and Jackson (1956); Cooper and Bickford (1993)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedHoffman (1999); Warburton et al. (2002)
botulismPresentLinares et al. (1994); Williams and Whitlock (1998); CABI (Undated);
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentBibrack and McKercher (1971); Lehmkuhl et al. (1999)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentAguirre et al. (1995)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentMadewell et al. (1990)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePadgett-Flohr and Hopkins (2009)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentWilloughby et al. (1996)
cold-water diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
contagious ecthymaPresentClark et al. (1993); Elliott et al. (1994)
cryptobiosisPresentKuperman et al. (2002)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentAnderson et al. (1998); Khalakdina et al. (2003)
Derzsy's diseasePresentWoolcock et al. (2000)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentLee et al. (1993)
Digenean infections of fishPresentMartin (1955)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentPlumb (1999)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentUSDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services (1997); USDA/APHIS/Veterinary Services (1999)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentSplitter (1950)
epitheliocystisPresentGroff et al. (1996)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisPresentCABI (Undated)
equine protozoal myeloencephalitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresent, Few occurrencesMcDonald and Dutton (1990)
fowlpoxPresentMorishita et al. (1998)
giardiasisPresent, WidespreadAtwill et al. (1997)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentKENNEDY et al. (1958); Akhtar et al. (1996); Akhtar et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fishPresentWales and Wolf (1955)
infectious coryzaPresentBlackall et al. (1997); CABI (Undated);
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentCABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno (1999)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentGray et al. (2002); Waltzek and Hedrick (2004)
lyme borreliosisPresent, LocalizedLane and Lavoie (1988)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentHatkin (1980)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentSinger et al. (1998)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentSakanari et al. (1983); Hedrick et al. (1987)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentUhaa et al. (1990)
Mycoplasma meleagridis infectionsPresentHird et al. (1991)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresent, WidespreadSmith and Sherman (1994)
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedChew et al. (1964); Chew et al. (1965); Katkansky et al. (1967); Bradley and Siebert (1978)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentHendrickson et al. (1989); Modin (1998)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadAnderson et al. (1995); CABI (Undated)
nocardiosis of fishPresentFisheries and Oceans Canada (2004)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisPresentMerkal et al. (1987)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentRimler and Rhoades (1987); Botzler (2002)
piscirickettsiosisPresentChen et al. (2000)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentDaft et al. (1996)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedKrebs et al. (1999)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadSmith et al. (1987)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedHammami et al. (1990); Behymer et al. (1991)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadGuidry et al. (1997); Hernández and Baca (1998)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentPOVAR and BROWNSTEIN (1947); Cardona et al. (1993); Droual et al. (1997)
summer mastitisPresentLean et al. (1987)
tick-borne feverPresentBarlough et al. (1997)
tularaemiaPresentGeiger (1931)
turkey viral hepatitisPresentKlein et al. (1991)
varroosis of honey beesPresentBoyce et al. (2002)
vesicular stomatitisPresentBridgewater (1983); Goodger et al. (1985)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
whirling diseasePresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveYasutake and Wolf (1970)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, WidespreadInvasiveCrosson et al. (2014)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file