Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Zanzibar

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Datasheet

Zanzibar

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Zanzibar
  • General data
  • Region: East Africa
  • Climates: Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesSebasigari and Stover, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Present Native NoSchotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present Ali et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Green, 1916; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Subra, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Williams and Matile-Ferrero, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Quayle, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread Makame and Said, 1984; Yaninek, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present NHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Native YesWheeler, 1922.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Restricted distribution Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Williams and Matile-Ferrero, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Introduced Banks and, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Cockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Introduced YesRyall, 2010a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Introduced Cramp, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Mastrototaro et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Brot, 1862.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Sebasigari and Stover, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Msuya et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Duke, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Townsend, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Native Sebsebe, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Widespread Introduced Benitez and Saulibio, 2007; Bishop Museum, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Renvoize, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Safo-Kantaka, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Wilson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Eradicated Introduced NoClayton et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Widespread YesClayton and Renvoize, 1982; Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Napper, 1965.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Haines and Lye, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Fitzgerald, 1898.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Clayton, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoClayton et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Verdourt, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Brenan, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Clayton, 1970; Ghosh, 1978; Ivens, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Kabuye, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoClayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Khiari and Iddi, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Localised EAH, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present RNG, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Brenan, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Brenan, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native Parker and Riches, 1993; Mohamed et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread YesWilliams, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Hadidi, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present El Hadidi, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Ivens, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Napper, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native NoILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
VirusBanana streak disease Restricted distribution Sebasigari and Stover, 1988.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Present Rossel et al., 1982b; Ali and Abubakar, 1995.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file