Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Zanzibar

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Datasheet

Zanzibar

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSebasigari and Stover (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)PresentNativeSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentAli et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentGREEN (1916); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams and Matile-Ferrero (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadMakame and Said (1984); Yaninek (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWilliams and Matile-Ferrero (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Cockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCramp (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedMastrototaro et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentBrot (1862)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSebasigari and Stover (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentMsuya et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeDuke (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentTownsend (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeSebsebe (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBenitez and Saulibio (2007); Bishop Museum (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentClayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)Absent, EradicatedClayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveClayton and Renvoize (1982); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentNapper (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHaines and Lye (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedFitzgerald (1898)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedKamermans et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentClayton (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedBrenan (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentClayton (1970); Ghosh (1976); Ivens (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Kabuye (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedKhiari and Iddi (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedPasiecznik et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresent, LocalizedEAH (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentRNG (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentBrenan (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedBrenan (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeParker and Riches (1993); Mohamed et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWilliams (1949)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentEl Hadidi (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentIvens (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeNapper (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)PresentNativeInvasiveNdunguru et al. (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresent, LocalizedSebasigari and Stover (1988)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentNativeInvasiveNdunguru et al. (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentRossel et al. (1982); Ali and Abubakar (1995)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file