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Central Russia


  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Central Russia
  • General data

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Guseinov, 1975.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present UK CAB International, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Konovalova et al., 1970; Smirnova et al., 1977.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Introduced YesMaximov and Panov, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBaranchikov et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesPanov et al., 1999; Panov et al., 2002; Orlova et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Danzig, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Present Native NoZhelochovtsev, 1988; Zhelochovtsev, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Widespread Grossheim, 1914.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Native NoKloft et al., 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoSteinmann, 1993; Crumb et al., 1941.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Native NoZhelochovtsev, 1988; Zhelochovtsev, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Kuznetzov, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Native NoDobzhansky, 1933; Kuznetsov, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present Naumov, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoPetrov and Nikitskii, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoPetrov and Nikitskii, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoEPPO/CABI and, 1997; Mandel'shtam and Popovichev, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Widespread Native YesGulii and Pamuzak, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Localised Introduced Zhuravel, 1955; Borodich, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Widespread Native YesMarushina , 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Issi et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Native YesAlthoff and Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Blackman and Eastop, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Widespread Native NoKolomiets et al., 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present Kozhanchikov, 1955; Grechkin and Vorontzov, 1962; Suhareva, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Danzig, 1980a; Danzig, 1980b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesOsipova, 1990; Kozlov, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Widespread Popova, 1996; Sokolova and Issi, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Native Bukzeeva, 1972; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoStark , 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoides Present Introduced YesYakovleva and Yakovlev, 2010; Berezina and Panov, 2003; Kurashov and Barbashova, 2008; Berezina et al., 2012; Gusev et al., 2012; Zuev and Malavin, 2012; Kurashov et al., 2012a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus morawitzi (scolytid of Morawitz) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Present Oosterbroek and Theowald, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Mozolevskaya, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present Native NoSmith, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoArcher, 1998; Dubatolov, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; Nikitskii et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoStark, 1952; Balachowsky, 1963; Postner, 1974; Schedl, 1981; Anon, 1992; Pfeffer, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka) Localised Introduced YesLeppäkoski et al., 2002; Stepanov and Kiyashko, 2008; Slynko et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Localised Introduced YesPinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Widespread Introduced Novikov, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer) Present Introduced Aksyonov et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanus Present Native NoStrelnikova and Ivanova, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper) Widespread Introduced YesReshetnikov, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Localised Introduced NoReshetnikov et al., 1997; Bogutskaya and Naseka, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoObolenskaya, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Bogdanova, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoSimroth, 1898; Sysoev and Schileyko, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Localised Introduced YesRodjuk and Shelenkova, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesGus'kova and Makovskaya, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Widespread Brown et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesDubinina, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Restricted distribution Introduced Adamowski, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Zolotareva et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Moskalenko, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Restricted distribution Jones and, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced YesVasilyeva and Papchenkov, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoCzerepanov, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; Afonin et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Gudzhinskas, 1991; Popov, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980; Kostivkovsky and Young, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Widespread YesKlinge, 1887a; Klinge, 1887b; Klinge, 1887c; Jehlik and Slavik, 1968; Laivins et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2000; Karus et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Native YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Native YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Shlyakova, 1977; Korzun, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Present NoGibbs, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Dandy, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesKabuce and Priede, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Present Introduced YesKabuce, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Czerenov, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Present Introduced Czerenov, 1995; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (Marsh-elder) Widespread Introduced Abramova and Nurmieva, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968; EPPO, 2015; NOBANIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native Flora Europaea, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Native YesAntonova, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; Tsvelev, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Komarov and, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced NoBruun, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoNOBANIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Komarov et al., 1961; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoCzerepanov, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native Kravchenko and Ushakova, 2003-2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present Native Papchenkov, 1993; Mavrodiev, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native Euro+Med, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Introduced YesKatsman and Kuchkina, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present , .
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

anguillicolosis Localised Introduced YesRodjuk and Shelenkova, 2006.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesDubinina, 1987.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Shichkina et al., 1971; Kis, 1977; Frolov, 1984.
lyme borreliosis Widespread Vorob'eva and Volegova, 1995.
pulmonary adenomatosis Present Kostenko, 1964.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Gorbov and Machinskii, 1984.
trypanosomosis Present
whirling disease Present Bogdanova, 1968.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file