Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Madeira

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Datasheet

Madeira

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentKorhonen (1978)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentKorhonen (1978)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresent, Few occurrencesGjærum and Sunding (1986); Gjaerum (1982); BPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009); Camacho et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2020); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedWidmer et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); Gasperi et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015); Karsten et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Carvalho and Aguiar (1997); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCHHOTANI (1970); Nobre and Nunes (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurckhardt (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Graham (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeSchedl (1959); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentNieto Nafria et al. (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDurrant (1925); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentMartin (1996); NHM (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Vieira et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresentEPPO (2020); Franco et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentCarvalho and Franquinho Aguiar (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentIntroducedAguin-Pombo et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)PresentSnazell and Jones (1993); Kulczycki et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentBalachowsky (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSaunders (1903); Blüthgen (1940); Erlandsson (1978); Smit (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeRibeiro et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentTaylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRähle (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWollaston (1878); Seddon (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedKaufmann et al. (1994); Andrade (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedSeddon (2008); Cunha et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentGermain (1908); Gittenberger and Ripken (1987); Cowie (1990); Cameron and Cook (2001); Cameron et al. (2006); Bank (2007); Cameron et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentSturhan (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Present, WidespreadSturhan (1973); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentCunha et al. (2004); Anon (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBravo and Lemos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUK, Natural History Museum (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedPress et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRobinson et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeNeto et al. (2001); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeJohn et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentEPPO (2020); Euro+Med (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard (1943); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndryala integrifoliaPresentIntroducedFerreira et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedVieria Silva (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedFlann (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Clayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Borges et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedVieria Silva (2002); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSilva (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, PlantedIntroducedHeywood and Ball (1968); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadCouthinho (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSilva (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQuartau et al. (2011); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalactites tomentosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedVieira Silva (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJardim and Sequeira (2008); Hansen and Sunding (1993); Silva (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentBoulos (1976); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveTurland (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVieria Silva (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedSequeira et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)Present, LocalizedNativePress and Short (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedNieuwkoop and Arts (1995)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, LocalizedIllera et al. (2008)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentEPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
avipoxPresent, LocalizedIllera et al. (2008)
lyme borreliosisPresentMatuschka et al. (1994)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentEiras (1984); Eiras et al. (1996)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file