Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Azores

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Datasheet

Azores

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Azores
  • General data
  • Region: Europe
  • Climates: Subtropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Petri, 1917.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Introduced NoBensaude, 1927; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Neves et al., 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Dennis et al., 1977.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Gjærum and Sunding, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Vieira, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesMacLeay, 1829; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Vieira, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Fernandes, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present de Jong et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid) Present Introduced YesHodkinson, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth) Present Hummer et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Steinmann, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Widespread zur Strassen, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Restricted distribution Israelson, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Widespread Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Ilharco, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Introduced YesCABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present Morris, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Native CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Restricted distribution Simoes Avila-Simoes, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present Carvalho and Aguiar, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Bettencourt and Simoes, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Native Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present Martins et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present Tumminelli et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Restricted distribution CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Localised Introduced NoAzevedo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced YesPitta Groz et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present Introduced Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Introduced Azevedo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced Azevedo et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Widespread Backhuys, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Grimm et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Widespread Introduced YesWaldén, 1960.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native Backhuys, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoMorelet, 1860; Cunha et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Welter-Schultes, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Introduced Cardigos et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present Taylor, 1906-1914; Bank, 2007; Cameron et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Sturhan, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Vovlas et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Present Bravo and Lemos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Localised Introduced Schäfer, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern) Localised Introduced YesSchafer, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Introduced Press et al., 1986; Schafer, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Introduced YesFrey et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Neto, 1994; Tittley and Neto, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Native NoNeto, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced Weber , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced EFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced YesSilva et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced NoDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesWeber , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Hand, 2011; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Richardson and Smythies, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced Hansen, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Absent, unreliable record USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoEuro+Med Plantbase, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced Euro+Med, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Native NoEuro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Absent, unreliable record Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Introduced YesWeber, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle) Present Native NoSilva et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Cronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSchafer, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present de Filippes, 1980; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced Heywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread NoGibbs, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1964; Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012; Borges et al., 2011; CJBG SAMBI, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present DAISIE, 2014. Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoGibbs, 1968; Gibbs and Dingwall, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Present DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Localised Introduced YesWWF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Widespread Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; ISSG, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Greuter, 2006; DAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced Daisie, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2004; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Restricted distribution Introduced Tutin et al., 1972; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced NoWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native Humphries, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016; Trelease, 1897; Uotila, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree) Widespread Native NoMarler and Boatman, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present EPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Tutin, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present Introduced Sayers, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; Medeiros et al., 2003; Simões et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread TUTIN and ET, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Ormonde, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Boulos, 1976; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced YesSilva et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Native Liogier and Martorell, 2000; DAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Silva et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Love, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Frahm, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bovine papillomatosis Present Pinto et al., 1996.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file