Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Azores

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Datasheet

Azores

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentPetri (1917)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedBensaude (1927); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedNeves et al. (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDennis et al. (1977)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentGjærum and Sunding (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentVieira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMacLeay (1829); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentVieira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Fernandes (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHodkinson (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentHummer et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, LocalizedIsraelson (1984); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIlharco (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentMorris (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentCarvalho and Franquinho Aguiar (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedBettencourt and Simoes (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentMartins et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentTumminelli et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedInvasivePitta Groz et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesRodebrand (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedStrubbe and Matthysen (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadBackhuys (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentTaylor (1914); Godan (1983); Grimm et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaldén (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeBackhuys (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMorelet (1860); Cunha et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedCardigos et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentBank (2007); Cameron et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentSturhan (1973); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentVovlas et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBravo and Lemos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSchäfer (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSchäfer (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedPress et al. (1986); Schafer (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFrey et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeNeto (1994); Tittley and Neto (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeNeto (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedHansen (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Jahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentNativeSilva et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSchafer (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2020); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Presentde Filippes (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, PlantedIntroducedHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadGibbs (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedTUTIN et al. (1964); Jalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012); Borges et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Absent, Intercepted onlyGibbs (1968); Gibbs and Dingwall (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWWF (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); ISSG (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTutin et al. (1972); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHumphries (1980); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Trelease (1897); Uotila (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, WidespreadNativeMarler and Boatman (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentValentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)PresentIntroducedSayers (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); Medeiros et al. (2003); Simões et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentTUTIN and ET AL. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentOrmonde (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentBoulos (1976); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); Clayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeLiogier and Martorell (2000); DAISIE (2014); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTUTIN et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeSilva et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
bovine papillomatosisPresentPinto et al. (1996)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file