Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Azores

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Datasheet

Azores

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentPetri (1917)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentZorman et al. (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Bensaude (1927)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO (2022); Bragança et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedNeves et al. (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDennis et al. (1977)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentGjærum and Sunding (1986); Bensaude (1926)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabella spallanzaniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirorbis marioniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentVieira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisopilothrips venustulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Borges et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Borges et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentVieira (2003); Silva et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Horta Lopes et al. (2010); Lopes et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus trigonusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypeplus mauliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus succisusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMacLeay (1829); Achterberg et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); Pimentel et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentVieira (2003); Garcia et al. (1998); Borges et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Fernandes (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus rufangulusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHodkinson (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentVieira (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus pumilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentHummer et al. (2009); Mota et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Kirk et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Vieira (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Borges et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKarnyothrips melaleucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLepinotus inquilinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, LocalizedIsraelson (1984); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecocephalus concinnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIlharco (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentVieira (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentMorris (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedVieira (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022); Lopes et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlesiothrips perplexusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedLacey et al. (1994); Lacey et al. (1995); Klein and Lacey (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentCarvalho and Franquinho Aguiar (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedBettencourt and Simoes (2008); Borges et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993); Horta Lopes et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentTarantino et al. (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentMartins et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTaeniotes cayennensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTenebroides fuscusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentTumminelli et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlloeocarpa loculosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina lepadiformis (light bulb tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina oblongaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedInvasivePitta Groz et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesRodebrand (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax pereziPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis dugesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedStrubbe and Matthysen (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedAzevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTriturus carnifexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadBackhuys (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentTaylor (1914); Godan (1983); Grimm et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaldén (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeBackhuys (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMorelet (1860); Cunha et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedCardigos et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentBank (2007); Cameron et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTruncatella subcylindrica (looping snail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentSturhan (1973); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2011); Inácio et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentVovlas et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBravo and Lemos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa webbianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSchäfer (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSchäfer (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedPress et al. (1986); Schafer (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFrey et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDoodia caudataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeNeto (1994); Tittley and Neto (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeNeto (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes siculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma lanceolatum (Alisma)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subvillosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus radiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hand (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedHansen (1972); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota hirsutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia foliosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlackstonia perfoliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Jahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum lancifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche brutiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche deflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia soldanellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula erinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); Talhinhas et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex bohemicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex curtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex debilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex lividaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex paniceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dilutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentNativeSilva et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium maritimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium tenuiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSchafer (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula multicavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula tillaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula vaillantiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea viscosissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum creticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus flavescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus ovularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); de Filippes (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, PlantedIntroducedHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis catholicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDisphyma crassifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadGibbs (1972); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1964); Jalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium obscurumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis barrelieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012); Borges et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum dibotrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago minimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago pyramidataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrankenia laevisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria bastardiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalactites tomentosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium muralePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium palustrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium parisiensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta filagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta subfalcataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium phleoides (nit grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Absent, Intercepted onlyGibbs (1968); Gibbs and Dingwall (1971); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus blandusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus natalensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium calvicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium gaudichaudianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnidia polystachyaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus fruticosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWWF (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnostyles stoloniferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); ISSG (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum orbicularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum gymnanthumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIllecebrum verticillatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris foetidissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus striatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2004); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia cirrhosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKleinia aizoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus glaucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus multiradiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLandoltia punctata (dotted duckweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1972); DAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia scabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum henryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia urensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHumphries (1980); USDA-ARS (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium remotumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera etrusca (Etruscan honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus hispidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus parviflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula congestaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula multifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum borysthenicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMazus japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Trelease (1897); Uotila (2011); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, WidespreadNativeMarler and Boatman (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuehlenbeckia complexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuehlenbeckia sagittifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis ramosissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis secundaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrica aethiopicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationEuro+Med (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNesaea myrtifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum gracilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOchna atropurpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera affinisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera indecoraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera longifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera tetrapteraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ammophilaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia dillenii (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia maximaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum arabicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche sanguineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis variabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPancratium maritimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum dichotomumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pinnatifidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeDAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria debilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum villosum (longstyle feather grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites fragransPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sayers (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella villosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); Medeiros et al. (2003); Simões et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleioblastus argenteo-striatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa angustifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Edmondson (1980); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum equisetiformePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin and Et Al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon maritimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon viridis (water bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla anglicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria paludosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus trilobusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReichardia picroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda mediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRidolfia segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoldana petasitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRomulea columnaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus flagellarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pulcherPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex violascensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus hispanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scorodoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria minorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio serpensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ormonde (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene psammitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium erysimoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum hispidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum linnaeanum (apple of Sodom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Boulos (1976); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus tenerrimus (field sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton (1980); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSparaxis bulbiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia bocconeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeLiogier and Martorell (2000); DAISIE (2014); Govaerts (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chater and Heywood (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeDAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalinum paniculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamus communisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum ekmaniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum latisectumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum maderensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum perssoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum similePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetrapanax papyriferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThamnocalamus tessellatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTinantia fugaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTolpis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium cernuumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUmbilicus rupestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrospermum picroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica membranaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica morifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum creticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum lychnitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica catenataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dispermaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia johannisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeSilva et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia borbonica (cape bugle lily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
bovine papillomatosisPresentPinto et al. (1996)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file