Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide







  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Sicily
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Climates: Subtropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Present EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Cacciola et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present Polizzi et al., 2011.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present Pennisi et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Davino et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present NHM, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Garzia and Siscaro, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Longo et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Mazzon and Girolami, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present CIE, 1979; Longo et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Present Introduced YesBella, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Mazza et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present Sinacori et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesRusso et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present Suss, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth) Present Viggiani and Tranfaglia, 1975; Tranfaglia and Malatesta, 1977; Laccone, 1978; Deseo et al., 1981; Nuzzaci and Triggiani, 1982; Russo et al., 1985; Moleas, 1988; Baumgartner and Baronio, 1989; Dalla-Montá and Giannone, 1991; Silvestri, 1992; Varner and Ioriatti, 1992; Bagnoli et al., 1993; Delrio et al., 1993; Pavan et al., 1993; Marchesini and Dalla-Montá, 1994; Pavan and Sbrissa, 1994; Mattedi et al., 1995; Nucifora et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Colazza and Bin, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present Bella, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Marotta, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Present Introduced Colazza et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Mazzeo and Siscaro, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Suma and Russo, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Longo et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressi Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present NHM, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2017; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Widespread CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Giordani-Soika and Borsato, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Native NoReichling, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present Lombardo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Lombardo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present Lombardo et al., 2011. Marinari-Palmisano & Cavalli, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present d'Errico and Ingenito, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Colombo et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present Spatafora et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Clarke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (long-spine cactus) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed) Present Introduced NoParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Blando and Mineo, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present de Filippes, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton, 1980; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Introduced, not established Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Clayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Native CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Celesti-Grapow et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced Marhold, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced Uotila, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced Spina, 1954.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Mauromocale et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced YesPasta et al., 2010; Valdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Chambers et al., 2008.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present Rizza et al., 2014.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Credi et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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