Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Meghalaya

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Datasheet

Meghalaya

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentBaiswar et al. (2010)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentYadav et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentShantanu Kumar et al. (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentNativeRoy and De (1996)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentMaiti et al. (1981); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentJoshi et al. (1970); Joshi et al. (1978); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentSingh and Singh (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Stary and Ghosh (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentDoddamani et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentSachan and Gangwar (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentShylesha and Rao (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadThakur and Deka (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentRao et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentRam Dutta et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentKnutson and Orth (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeGhosh (1975); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentPathak and Jha (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentPathak and Jha (2003); Pathak et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentRao (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentSankarganesh et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedNativeeBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, WidespreadNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig and Weick (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentSunila Thapa and Das (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeBikarma Singh et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentPatel et al. (2005); Chandra (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedKamla Singh and Lal (1994); Sahoo (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentNativeJain and Dam (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentMehrotra (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeContu (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012); Sahay et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveSastry and Kavathekar (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra-Sekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeDeori et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentNativeArora (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentPatel et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentRao and Verma (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentNeogi and Rao (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentMisra et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra-Sekar (2012); Shukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012); Misra et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTynsong et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeBalakrishnan (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentNativeKew (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Cook (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedManas Bhaumik (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedNativeBally (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeShukla (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeShukla (1996); Hooker (1897)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra-Sekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentNeogi and Rao (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeVerma (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChandra-Sekar (2012); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSekar et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeGhosh et al. (2011)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file