Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Meghalaya

Toolbox

Datasheet

Meghalaya

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Meghalaya
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Baiswar et al., 2010.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2019.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2017.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present Yadav et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present Shantanu et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native NoRoy and De, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Maiti et al., 1981; Maiti et al., 1983a; Maiti et al., 1983b; Sharma et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present JOSHI et al., 1970; Joshi et al., 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Singh and Singh, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesStáry and Ghosh, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Doddamani et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present Sachan and Gangwar, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Raychaudhuri and, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Shylesha and Rao, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread Lakshman Lal, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Widespread Thakur and Deka, 1997a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Rao et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present Ram et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present Knutson and Orth, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Native NoGhosh, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present Pathak and Jha, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Pathak and Jha, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present Rao, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Localised Native NoeBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque) Present Native NoTimmins et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Native YesJuniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul) Widespread Native BirdLife International, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Prasad and, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Thapa and Das, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Singh et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012; CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf) Present Introduced YesSekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoRaj and Singh Patel, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Patel et al., 2005; Chandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Singh and Lal, 1994; Sahoo, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Native Jain and Dam, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoShukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Mehrotra, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native Contu, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Sahay et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesSastry and Kavathekar, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesChandra-Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Native Deori et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Patel et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Rao and Verma, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Neogi and Rao, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoShukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Misra et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesChandra-Sekar, 2012; Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Misra et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesTynsong et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesSekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Native Balakrishnan, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Native NoNatural History Museum Herbarium, UK.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Present Native NoKew, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016; Cook, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present India Biodiversity Portal, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced YesChandra Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced Bhaumik, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced YesChandra Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Native Bally, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Introduced YesChandra Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native Shukla, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native Shukla, 1996; Hooker, 1897.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragona Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoShukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesChandra-Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Neogi and Rao, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native Verma, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced YesSekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesChandra, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Introduced YesChandra-Sekar, 2012; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Native Ghosh et al., 2011.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anthrax Present FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Thapa and Das, 2016.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file