Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Kerala

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Datasheet

Kerala

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Kerala
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2011.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native Mohan and Jeyarajan, 1991a; Mohan and Jeyarajan, 1991b.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Thankamma and Nair, 1989; Anon, 1963; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread JOSHI et al., 1970; Joshi et al., 1978.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Localised Nair et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present Sathiamma et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present Introduced YesPalaniswami et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced Rao & Pillai, 1973; Lal and Pillai, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesNaidu, 1980; Lyla et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeae Widespread David et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Widespread David et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present Akhila and Jiji, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tau Widespread David et al., 2008; David et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; Muraleedharan and Chandrasekharan, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present Dhileepan, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present NHM, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Johnson, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesSamuel et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper) Localised Introduced YesRaju et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurema blanda (three-spot grass yellow butterfly) Present Palot et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Williams, 2004; CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present Levin et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Bhatti, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Dhileepan, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Singh and Ramani, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesRao, 1951; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present NHM collection.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Bharathimeena et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Josephrajkumar et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Kumari et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Krishnakumar and Rajan, 2009; Lyla and Philip, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Prakasan, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Widespread Kapur, 1961; Saradamma, 1973; Sathiamma, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present Gopinadhan et al., 1990; Dhileepan, 1991; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Ramakrishna Ayyar & Margabandhu, 1931; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Saradamma et al., 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAplocheilus lineatus (striped panchax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Present Introduced Abdul and Sivakumar, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Native YesJuniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul) Widespread Native BirdLife International, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami) Present Introduced YesKrishnakumar et al., 2009; Radhakrishnan et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Raghavan et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Prasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesRamana and Mohandas, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Sheela et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Raveendran and Nadakal, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Reni and Mohandas, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Nadakal and Thomas, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Nair, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Native Varghese et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Widespread Native Thomas, 1976; Madhusoodanan et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Present Bhat and Kaveriappa, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced WorldWideWattle, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoKamalam and Bridgit, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Introduced Julien et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced Kumar et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm) Present CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Native Krishnankutty, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native Contu, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesSastry and Kavathekar, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Prasad and Raveendran, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Shylaja et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Widespread Rama, 1914.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesJoseph, 1986; Reddy, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present George et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoMusthafa and Potty, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Native Encyclopedia of Life, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Varghese and Nair, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Devi et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced Periyar Foundation, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesMeusel and Jäger, 1992; Rao and Sagar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Sulochana et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced YesVikraman et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced NoCentral National Herbarium, Botanical Survey of India.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016; Cook, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present India Biodiversity Portal, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Sudhakara and Nair, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present India Biodiversity Portal, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Native Green, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Kerala Plants, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Introduced Nayar and Sworupanandan, 1978; Abhilash et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Native Lansdown, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Native Bally, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Ravi et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Keralaplants, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose) Present Introduced NoKeralaplants, 2016; Biju and Mathew, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Kerala Plants, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Widespread Introduced YesEllison et al., 2017; Sankaran, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Introduced Sannamarappa, 1987; Alex et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFlora of India, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011; Chandran, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoMusthafa and Potty, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Introduced Mahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced NoRavishankar, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Restricted distribution Native NoRao et al., 1970; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Biodiversity India, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry) Present Native India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Widespread Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native Manilal and Sivarajan, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Singh and Gopalakrishnan, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present Muraleedharan et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Biodiversity India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Estelitta et al., 1995; Mathew and Balakrishnan, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Present Introduced Sunilkumar, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native Tropical Forages, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHosmani, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Sulochana et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Native India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Devi et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present, few occurrences Native NoLamark, 1808; Gamble, 1928; India Biodiversity Portal, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Localised Native NoIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Cherian et al., 2004.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Present CABI and EPPO, 1998.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Raj et al., 2007.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Prasanth and Hegde, 2008.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964.
Chytridiomycosis Localised Introduced Nair et al., 2011.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
paratuberculosis Present Paily et al., 1979.
Pasteurella multocida infections Localised Kumar et al., 2004.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 1994.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file