Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Kerala

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Datasheet

Kerala

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentInvasiveVandana Yadav et al. (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeMohan and Jeyarajan (1991); Mohan and Jeyarajan (1991)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentThankamma and Nair (1989); Anon (1963); UK, CAB International (1984);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadJoshi et al. (1970); Joshi et al. (1978); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, LocalizedNair et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentSathiamma et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePalaniswami et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedLal and Pillai (1981); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Naidu (1980); Lyla et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaePresent, WidespreadDavid et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadDavid et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentAkhila and Jiji (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresent, WidespreadDavid et al. (2008);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Muraleedharan and Chandrasekharan (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDhileepan (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentNHM (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveNORRIS and MURRAY (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentJohnson (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSamuel et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRaju et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurema blanda (three-spot grass yellow butterfly)PresentPalot et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004); UK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentLevin et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Bhatti (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentDhileepan (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentSingh and Ramani (1995); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRao (1951); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2007); Jacob et al. (2007); Narendran (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentBharathimeena et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentJosephrajkumar et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentKumari et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedKrishnakumar and Rajan (2009); Lyla and Philip (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentChandrika Mohan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPrakasan (1987); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Present, WidespreadKapur (1961); Saradamma (1972); Sathiamma (1996); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentGopinadhan et al. (1990); Dhileepan (1991); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentSaradamma et al. (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAplocheilus lineatus (striped panchax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedAbdul and Sivakumar (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, WidespreadNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrishnakumar et al. (2009); Radhakrishnan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig and Weick (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedRaghavan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytella charruana (Charru mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJayachandran et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJayachandran et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentPrasad et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRamana and Mohandas (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentSheela et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadRaveendran and Nadakal (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentReni Varghese and Mohandas (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentNADAKAL and THOMAS (1967); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadNair (1965); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeVarghese et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, WidespreadNativeThomas (1976); Madhusoodanan et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentBhat and Kaveriappa (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorldWideWattle (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedKamalam Joseph and Bridgit (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKumar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeKrishnankutty (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeContu (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveSastry and Kavathekar (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, PlantedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedPrasad and Raveendran (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedShylaja Ravindran et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentVenkateswarlu and Chaganti (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)Present, WidespreadRama Rao (1914)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJoseph (1986); Reddy (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentGeorge et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedMusthafa and Potty (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentNativeEncyclopedia of Life (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentVarghese and Nair (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentDevi et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNayar et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedPeriyar Foundation (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeusel and Jäger (1992); Rao and Sagar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentSulochana et al. (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVikraman et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Cook (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentSudhakara and Nair (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentNativeGreen (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentIntroducedNayar and Sworupanandan (1978); Abhilash et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeLansdown (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedNativeBally (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAsha et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentRavi et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentKeralaplants (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentIntroducedKeralaplants (2016); Biju and Mathew (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeKerala Plants (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEllison et al. (2017); Sankaran (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedSannamarappa (1987); Alex et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMuniappan and Viraktamath (1993); ISSG (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of India (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011); Chandran (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedRandhawa and Mukhopadhyay (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedMusthafa and Potty (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMahadevappa (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedRavishankar (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, LocalizedNativeRao et al. (1970); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentShukla (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedBiodiversity India (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePasiecznik et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRenuka (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)Present, WidespreadCaius (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeManilal and Sivarajan (1982); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentSingh and Gopalakrishnan (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentMuraleedharan et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentMathew and Balakrishnan (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedSunilkumar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeTropical Forages (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHosmani (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentSulochana et al. (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSankaran et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentDevi et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)Present, Few occurrencesNativeLamark (1808); Gamble (1928); India Biodiversity Portal (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, LocalizedNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)PresentEPPO (2020)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentCherian et al. (2004)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1998)
VirusIndian cassava mosaic virus (Indian cassava mosaic)PresentNativeMatthew (1989); Jose et al. (2011)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentRaj Verma et al. (2007)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentPrasanth and Hegde (2008)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file