Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaePresentSatarkar et al. (2009); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentSatarkar et al. (2009); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentSatarkar et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentSatarkar et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveKaliwal et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentAli (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedShivesh Kumar et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentAli (1972); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedFand and Suroshe (2015); Maruthadurai and Singh (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentRaju (1983); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentSundararaju (1984); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentGotzek et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNaik and More (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, WidespreadNativeBirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeCentral Marine Science Research Institute (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig and Weick (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeDhargalkar (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorldWideWattle (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeContu (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentRao (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveAnon (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentDuthie (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReddy (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentZipcodeZoo (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeusel and Jäger (1992); Rao and Sagar (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia lineata (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Cook (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentCook (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeLansdown (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedNativeBally (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedMuniappan and Viraktamath (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentBalwant Singh et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveTewari et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeSesagiriravu (1985); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, LocalizedKumar et al. (2004)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresent, LocalizedSingh (1991)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file