Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Datasheet

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Climates: Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present NHM, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Present Drew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present NHM, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Alcock, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present Veenakumari and Mohanraj, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Williams, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present Bhatti, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoWilliams, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present NHM London UK, 19th century.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Gupta, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present NHM London UK, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesSchedl, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Native NoMaiti and Saha, 1986; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced YesLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesRyall, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoKapoor et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present Native Jiang et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Absent, formerly present Introduced Cramp, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul) Widespread Native YesBirdLife International, 2003; BirdLife International, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present National Animal Pest Alert, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesShah, 1992; Prasad et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail) Present Introduced YesGriffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Starm├╝hlner, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Nandini et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Pankaj et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Salam, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Salam, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Widespread Native NoJagtap, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Native Chandra et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native Dagar and Dagar, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced WorldWideWattle, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoSalam, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native Parotta and Roshetko, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Dagar et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Hassler, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesSastry and Kavathekar, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Native Rueda, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Baráth, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Singh and Gangwar, 1987; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Singh and Gangwar, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Dagar et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Pandey and Diwakar, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed) Present Introduced Paul and Anant Kumar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced Raizada, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Nair and Kumar, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Cook, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced NoPandey and Diwakar, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Karthigeyan et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Native Lansdown, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native Singh and Gangwar, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native Airy Shaw, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Native Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Thothathri et al., 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Flowers of India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced Singh et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Present Introduced YesGangwar and Jayan, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native YesMoody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native Abraham et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced Jain and Borthakur, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Veldekamp, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Native Morton, 1987; Bhumannavar, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Native Thomson and Evans, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Kaushal Kumar et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Native NoMunir, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anthrax Present FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present Rajeswari et al., 1999.
pulmonary adenomatosis Present Sriraman et al., 1982.
swine influenza Present Joshi et al., 1993.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file