Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Sulawesi

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Sulawesi

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Sulawesi
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Climates: Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriablood disease bacterium (blood disease bacterium of banana) Widespread Native YesEden-Green & Sastraatmadja,1990; Gäumann, 1921; Gäumann, 1923; Supriadi, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2019; Aubert et al., 1985.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2017.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Tominaga et al., 1978; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Voute, 1937; Franssen, 1935.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1985; Martin, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Watson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Native NoDrew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; van der Goot, 1935; Woodroof, 1979; Kalshoven and Laan, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964; Wardhana et al., 2012b; Wardhana et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Present CIE, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites) Present Pearce, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite) Present Native Kalshoven, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesSunahara et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Widespread Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003; Evans, 1949; Kalshoven, 1951; Maruyama, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoSchedl, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Williams, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Van Halteren, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present Zelazny et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present Kalshoven and van der Laan, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; Kalshoven and van der Laan, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Le Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Sastrosiswojo and Sastrodihardjo, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Nasruddin and Mound, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet) Present Native EPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoKalshoven, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBorghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Introduced Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Jickeli, 1874.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Widespread Introduced YesHendarsih-Suharto, et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Native Weber Bosse Avan, 1913.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Native NoKato, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Maideen et al., 2004; Holttum, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Verheij and Prud'homme, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Verheij and Prud'homme, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present, few occurrences Native NoVeldkamp and Vanscheindelen, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Lock and Ford, 2004; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Vaas, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Wearn and Mabberley, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Tjitrosoedirdjo, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesBelcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesKostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced NHN, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Native PROSEA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesWhitten et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native Airy Shaw, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Van and Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van Ooststroom and Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Present Introduced Soerjani et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced Kostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native GrassWorld, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Chang, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoSoerjani et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native YesSoerjani et al., 1987; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Widespread Introduced YesHartemink, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Everaarts, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood) Present Native Barstow, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoKostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Widespread Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoeBotany, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present Wakman et al., 2001.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file