Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Moluccas

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Datasheet

Moluccas

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriablood disease bacterium (blood disease bacterium of banana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBaharuddin et al. (1994); Supriadi (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStover (1978); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromycladium spp. that cause gall rusts (Acacia gall rusts)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRahayu et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentLepesme (1947); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeSpiridonov (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1984); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveLee et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEvans (1949); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentNativeOhno et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeOhno et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapuana huebneri (taro beetle)PresentNativeUK, Centre for Overseas Pest Research (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSastrosiswojo and Sastrodihardjo (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer)PresentHolloway (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeOhno et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeEggers (1926); Ohno et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOhno et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationBorghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentIntroducedDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHaltenorth and Diller (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentNativeWeber van Bosse (1913)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeGerung et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz and Toivonen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, Few occurrencesNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeMaideen et al. (2004); Holttum (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentNativeWCSP (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeVeldkamp and Vanscheindelen (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentLock and Ford (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcFadyen (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROSEA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNaturalizedWearn and Mabberley (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentNativeGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentNativeSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016); WBN Flora Database (2014); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentTjitrosoedirdjo (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedPROSEA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentNative and IntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentNativeILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); WBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Cook and Luond (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadNativeKostermans et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeBeentje and Lansdown (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentOoststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedKostermans et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPandorea pandoranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSoerjani et al. (1987); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartemink (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentNativeBarstow (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeKostermans et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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