Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide







  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Moluccas
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Climates: Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

BacteriaProteobacteriablood disease bacterium (blood disease bacterium of banana) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBaharuddin et al., 1994; Supriadi, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesStover, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; Gressit, 1960; Gressit, 1963; Lepesme, 1947; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Spiridonov, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Present CIE, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesLee et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present Evans, 1949; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoOhno et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Native NoOhno et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Sastrosiswojo and Sastrodihardjo, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer) Present Holloway, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoOhno et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoEggers, 1926; Ohno et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesOhno et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBorghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Introduced Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Localised Introduced YesHaltenorth and Diller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard) Present NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Native Weber Bosse Avan, 1913.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Native NoGerung et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present, few occurrences Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Maideen et al., 2004; Holttum, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Native Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoVeldkamp and Vanscheindelen, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Lock and Ford, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesMcFadyen, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Wearn and Mabberley, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Native Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Tjitrosoedirdjo, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesSoerjani et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesBelcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Native ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016; Cook and Lüönd, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native Kostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van Ooststroom and Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Present Introduced Soerjani et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced Kostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPandorea pandorana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native YesSoerjani et al., 1987; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Widespread Introduced YesHartemink, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood) Present Native Barstow, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoKostermans et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Widespread Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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