Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Crete

Toolbox

Datasheet

Crete

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveSarris et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentTrantas et al. (2013); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Erasmus et al. (1974); Willems et al. (1987); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2008); Vakalounakis (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentKakani et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Avgelis et al. (2001); Roditakis et al. (2005); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentRoditakis et al. (2009); Ahmed et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKourti et al. (1992); Gasperi et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentEPPO (2021); Papadopoulou and Chryssohoides (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, Localizedvan der Heyden (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2021); Roditakis (1994); Dawah and Deeming (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2021); Vassarmidaki et al. (2006); Niamouris and Psirofonia (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2021); Kalaitzaki et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2021); Pellizzari et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); Fanini et al. (2014); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); Murlis et al. (1982); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (South American tomato pinworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoditakis et al. (2010); Haddi et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Roditakis (2013); Landry et al. (2017); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentAlemadi and Jenkins (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentCowie (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedVovlas and Grammatikaki (1989); Tzortzakakis et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVovlas and Grammatikaki (1989); Tzortzakakis et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentTzortzakakis et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentTzortzakakis et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTzortzakakis (2009); Tzortzakakis et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentBrownsey and Jermy (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentVakalounakis et al. (2016); Vakalounakis et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentClarke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedD'Agata et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Presentde Filippes (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeAnon (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentTrantas et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentTrantas et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveITIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentLigoxigakis et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentPapadopoulou and Chryssohoides (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentLigoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentVakalounakis et al. (2014); Ligoxigakis (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentEPPO (2021); Boubourakas et al. (2006); Orfanidou et al. (2014)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2021); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2021)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2021); Papayiannis et al. (2007)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file