Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Scotland

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Datasheet

Scotland

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadNisbet et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, Few occurrencesSjölund et al. (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedriPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); Green et al. (2016)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentWoodward et al. (2005); Chavarriaga et al. (2007)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentDay et al. (2004); Cooke et al. (2003); Cooke et al. (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008); Schlenzig et al. (2015)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)PresentSchlenzig et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Schlenzig et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, LocalizedBrasier and Webber (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); King et al. (2015); Schlenzig et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentDhanushka Udayanga et al. (2014); Gomes et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedNativeEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedSharma and Cammack (1976); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentEichhorn (1969); Varty (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedWang ZhangYing et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)PresentForest Research (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentThacker et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentFenton et al. (2010); Taylor (1977); Sawicki et al. (1980); Fenton et al. (1998); Fenton et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)PresentTrewhella et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentGordon et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadThomas (1989); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020); Williams (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentDawson et al. (2003); Humphreys et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePutman (2000); Pérez-Espona et al. (2009); Swanson and Putman (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedChapman (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedShelmerdine et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadGoodey (1951); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020); Boag (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTrudgill et al. (2003); Skantar et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); Gartner and Blok (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHominick (1982); Cunha et al. (2000); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentTesařová et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentNisbet et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentSchlenzig (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentDawson and Holland (1999); Clegg and Grace (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedWatt and Hicks (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentSchlenzig (2005); Schlenzig et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentWhittington et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentCooke et al. (2018); Choiseul and Carnegie (2000); Cooke et al. (2003); Peters et al. (2008); Carnegie et al. (2012)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentCortesi et al. (2005)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); Verhoeven et al. (2004)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file