Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ontario

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Datasheet

Ontario

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Ontario
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 106,858
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Toronto

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Present Pine and Gilmer, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present Hunter et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present O'Connor et al., 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present, few occurrences Goodwin and Zhang, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Restricted distribution Basu, 1983.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Clear and Patrick, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Kasha, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Myren, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Widespread Native YesKope, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present Introduced Gates and Mortimore, 1969; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Native NoKendrick, 1962.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Bier, 1939; Thompson, 1941; Conners, 1967; Ginns, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier, 1996a; Brasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Conners, 1939; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Widespread Ginns, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Localised Introduced YesBergeron et al., 2008; Shields, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Bérube & Plourde, 1995; Zsuffa, 1985; Hodge et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Restricted distribution Native NoChase and Ullrich, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native YesPunter, 1970; CMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Restricted distribution Newton and Johnson, 1932; Newton and Johnson, 1944; Green, 1971b.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Garner et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Introduced YesReynolds, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present Introduced Allison et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Anon., 1953b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Eradicated NAPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumida Localised Introduced Kozak, 2010; Kozak, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHaack et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2006; NAPPO, 2010a; NAPPO, 2013a; NAPPO, 2013b; NAPPO, 2013c; NAPPO, 2013e; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969; Harris et al., 1973; Anon, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Restricted distribution NAPPO, 2013b; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Turgeon et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntispila oinophylla Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalis Present Douglas, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced NoFerguson and Shipp, 2002; Ferguson et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present McKenzie et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Widespread Introduced YesBarbiero and Tuchman, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea) Widespread Introduced YesMacIsaac et al., 1999; Therriault et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoCooley, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Introduced YesMurillo et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer) Present Introduced YesLandry, 1991; Ellis and Bjørnson, 1996; Yoder and Otani, 2007; Haye et al., 2015; Mori et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present Hagley et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced Fernandez and Boyer, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Eradicated Introduced YesMyles, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Present, few occurrences NAPPO, 2019.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Widespread Native YesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present Introduced Krysan and Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Agr. Canada; Kosztarab, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMonro, 1935a; Atwood, 1960; Coppel et al., 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced OMAFRA, 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesEvans, 1952; Smith, 1940.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesBroadbent et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Introduced YesBalch, 1937; Reeks, 1963; Magasi and Syme, 1984; Haack and Mattson, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; Fogain and Graff, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomala Localised Introduced YesKipp and Ricciardi, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Turnball et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesMajka and Lesage, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Blackman et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present McClanahan, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelaphis rhois Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Van Duzee, 1917; Metcalf and Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present McClanahan and Elliott, 1976, publ. 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Widespread Introduced YesBrown, 1940; Raizenne, 1957; Lyons, 1964; Griffiths et al., 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale) Present Introduced YesPaiero et al., 2003; Drysdale, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Native NoBerrill, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper) Present EPPO, 2019.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present Bousquet, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Ben-Dov et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenella Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella porrectella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Harcourt, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present CIE, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesNatural Resources Canada, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Present Native Bush, 1966; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Restricted distribution Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Introduced NoLaing and Heels, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candida Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Starratt and McLeod, 1982; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoCFIA, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Present Peck et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Present, few occurrences Haack and Poland, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesBuck et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBright, 1968; Wood, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Introduced YesBright et al., 1994; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Localised Introduced YesScott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Widespread Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalis Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Widespread Native NoScott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoCoad et al., 1995; Coker et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Abraham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NatureServe, 2013; Kolenosky and Standfield, 1975; Voigt and Berg, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti) Present NoO’Gara and Dundas, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present only in captivity/cultivation Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Nico et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Widespread Native Scott and Crossman, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Localised Introduced YesCoad et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Native NoContreras and Escalante , 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Native YesMeredith and Houston, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Localised Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Localised Native Coker et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Introduced Fraguglione, 1963; Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Widespread Native NoScott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch) Present Introduced YesFuller et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Localised Introduced YesJude et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread NoBrown et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Introduced Coker et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga) Present Introduced NoCoad , 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Native Danylchuk et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Localised Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native ISSG, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Widespread Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Introduced Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel) Present NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Localised Introduced Peterson, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Native NoCampbell et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Widespread Introduced YesMinchin et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS-NAS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoLatchford, 1904; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced White-McLean, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Widespread Introduced Zaranko et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2011; Yu et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Johnson and Kayler, 1972; Fushtey and Kelly, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Noel, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Johnson and Potter, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Eradicated Townshend, 1961; Brown, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Localised Introduced Marcogliese, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced YesWarwick and Black, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced YesWhite and et al. , 1993; Royal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Introduced YesCFIA, 2008; Haber, 2006; Oldham and Brinker, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesLuken & Thieret, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Widespread Introduced YesCavers et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced YesWhite et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Weaver and McWilliams, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Weaver and McWilliams, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Native YesOldham, 2010; Bradley, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Widespread Native Crockett, 1977; Frick and Thomas, 1992; Deen et al., 1998; Sikkema et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBassett and Terasmae, 1962; Bassett and Crompton, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Mulligan, 2000; Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Introduced Brouillet et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ownbey, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced Groh, 1944; Kegode and Darbyshire, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Widespread Native YesWhite, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifolius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster dumosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Introduced Miller et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Brouillet et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Introduced Alberta Weed Monitoring Network, 2014; Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Introduced Hogsden et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present Hanks, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDesrochers et al., 1988b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSoper and Heimburger, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesRoche and Roche, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed) Present Introduced Keil and Ochsmann, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; DiTomaso, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesWatson and Renney, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Localised Introduced YesOldham et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesMoore, 1975; Cowbrough, 2003; Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDarbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018; Burnham, 2013; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Introduced Anon., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Native Whittle et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native Brouillet et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2015; GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced YesMacoun, 1884; Upadhyaya et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; Mulligan and Junkins, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus strigosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Weaver and Warwick, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; van Acker et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Adebayo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Montgomery, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Spicer and Catling, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced DiTomaso and Healy, 2003; Catling, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesQuimby and Wendel, 1997; Anderson et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum esculentum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Widespread Alex, 1982; Kneeshaw et al., 1983; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced YesAAC, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Introduced YesMaw, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Introduced YesBrouillet et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAnon., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced Scoggan, 1979; Swanton et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Widespread Introduced YesPage et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesBrouillet et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2012; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Introduced CWS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced Williamson, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Introduced NoCanadensys, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Present, few occurrences Native NoRiley, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced Vujnovic and Wein, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Huner, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; Pringle, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced Canadensys, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Widespread Introduced YesStuckey, 1980; Mal et al., 1992; Treberg and Husband, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record NoBrouillet et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Painter, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced YesDarbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesDoust et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Widespread Introduced YesCain et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native YesCatling, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced Pascoe, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis longifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced Scoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced Fernald, 1950; Scoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesScoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Adebayo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Hawthorne, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced YesNative Plant Database, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced Newmaster et al., 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Canadensys, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Wolf and McNeill, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008. CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Miyanishi and Cavers, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina subsp. paradoxa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesMaw, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Present Introduced YesCarpenter and Murray, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesWhite and et al. , 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blanda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesStopps et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Alex and Switzer, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced YesUrban Forest Associates Inc., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia lanceolata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Introduced YesMacoun, 1884; Bain, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced YesRobinson et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Present Wang et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Steel et al., 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Widespread Douglas et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009; Britton and Brown, 1947; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene antirrhina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced Alberta Weed Monitoring Network, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Restricted distribution Bassett and Munro, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native Bradbury, 1973; Werner et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Widespread Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Warwick and Black, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoCrompton et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced Laverty and Hiemstra, 1998; Stewart-Wade et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Introduced Newmaster et al., 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Present Introduced Pringle, 1973; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort) Present Introduced Moore, 1959; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Weaver & Lechowicz, 1983.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusAvipoxvirus Widespread Karstad, 1965; Kirmse, 1966; Kirmse, 1967.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present CMI, 1969; Haber, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virus Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present EPPO, 2014; Huchette et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Gates, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabies virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Present Conners, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anthrax Present Lusis and Smart, 1996.
avipox Widespread NoKirmse, 1966; Karstad, 1965; Kirmse, 1967.
bacterial gill disease Present Daoust and Ferguson, 1983; Speare and Ferguson, 1989.
bacterial kidney disease Present Bruneau et al., 1999.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Localised Introduced Marcogliese, 2008.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Bulmer et al., 1975; Thompson et al., 1981.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Widespread Jacobs et al., 1995.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Martin and Bohac, 1986; Martin et al., 1989.
bovine parvovirus infection Present Sandals et al., 1995.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Lynch et al., 1985.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present Buckrell et al., 1985.
caseous lymphadenitis Widespread Menzies and Muckle, 1989.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Garner et al., 2006.
cryptobiosis Present Bower and Woo, 1977.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Majowicz et al., 2001; Hrudey et al., 2002.
encephalomyocarditis Present Sanford et al., 1989.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Wilson et al., 1988.
Escherichia coli infections Present Borman-Eby et al., 1993; Wilson et al., 1993; Johnson et al., 1994; Elfadil et al., 1996a; Elfadil et al., 1996b; Steele et al., 1997.
giardiasis Widespread Olson et al., 1997b.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Kwiecien and Little, 1992.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Appy and Cone, 1982.
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present Alexander et al., 1998.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
lyme borreliosis Present Barker and Lindsay, 2000.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present O'Connor et al., 2001.
Mycoplasma dispar infections Present Martin et al., 1990.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Xiao and Desser, 1997; Xiao and Desser, 1998a; Xiao and Desser, 1998b; Xiao and Desser, 2000a; Xiao and Desser, 2000c.
neosporosis Widespread Duivenvoorden, 1995.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Abdul-Aziz and Weber, 1999.
paratuberculosis Present McNab et al., 1991.
porcine circovirus infections Present Cottrell et al., 1999.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Gagnon and Dulac, 1979.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present Sanford, 1992.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Prescott and Zubaidy, 1979; Tkachuk-Saad et al., 1998.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Present Sandhu and Harry, 1981.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Petric et al., 1981; Dewey et al., 2003.
Serratia infections in fish Present Daly , 1999.
small hive beetle infestation Localised Introduced Kozak, 2010; Kozak, 2012.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Sargeant et al., 1998; Godkin et al., 1999.
swine influenza Widespread Sanford et al., 1983; Sanford et al., 1989.
torovirus infections Present Duckmanton et al., 1998.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Present Wilson et al., 1999.
turkey viral hepatitis Present Mongeau et al., 1959.
Ureaplasma infections Present Reid et al., 1989.
West Nile fever Present Powell, 2002.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file