Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Newfoundland and Labrador

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Datasheet

Newfoundland and Labrador

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 405,720
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: St John's

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Widespread Native YesKope, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Ginns, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoCummins and Stevenson, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesPiercey-Normore & Berube, 2000; Milne, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Anon, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Insect Identification, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Localised Introduced Klassen and Locke, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesMcLeod, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Introduced YesClark et al., 1973; Magasi and Syme, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Hicks et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Widespread Native NoHolthuis , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Widespread YesMenzies, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesClark and Singh, 1975; Griffiths et al., 1984; Hall, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Squires et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2015; Harris, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Berlocher and Dixon, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Introduced YesM Buck, Royal Alberta Museum, Canada, pers. comm., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Present Native NoScott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate) Present Introduced Callahan et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native Chubbs and Phillips, 2005; Parker, 1995; NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Northcott et al., 1974; NatureServe, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Coker et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directus Present Native NoAbbott and Morris, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoBrooks and Brooks, 1940; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Present Introduced YesBequaert, 1943; Blakeslee and Byers, 2008; Brawley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesAieta and Oliveira, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present Bowers et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2011; Stone et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesProudfoot, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Introduced South and Hooper, 1980; South and Tittley, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced YesWhite and et al. , 1993; Royal Botanical Gardens Canada, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced YesWhite et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Bassett and Crompton, 1975; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native Kemper Center for Home Gardening, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Absent, intercepted only Barkworth et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Brouillet et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDesrochers et al., 1988b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Moore, 1975; Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced YesDarbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native Brouillet et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoUpadhyaya et al., 1988; Upadhyaya and Cranston, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Localised Introduced Darbyshire, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced YesAAC, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Introduced Brouillet et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesBrouillet et al., 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced Clements et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Localised Introduced Vujnovic and Wein, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced Mal et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Localised Introduced YesCain et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced Scoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesScoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced YesHitchcock, 1951; Native Plant Database, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced Meades et al., 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Canadensys, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Introduced Darbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present McNeill, 1981a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesStopps et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Introduced YesScoggan, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced YesRobinson et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Restricted distribution Douglas et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced Alberta Weed Monitoring Network, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster) Present Native NoTiner, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoCrompton et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced Stewart-Wade et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native Grace and Harrison, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file