Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sao Paulo

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Datasheet

Sao Paulo

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentInvasiveColetta-Filho et al. (2004); EPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentColetta Filho et al. (2004); Coletta Filho et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2017); Lopes et al. (2017); Paula et al. (2019); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentMalavolta Júnior et al. (1994); Maia et al. (1996); Beriam et al. (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentAlmeida et al. (2007)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentPereira et al. (1976); Bradbury (1986); Jaciani et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentLima et al. (1998); Laranjeira et al. (2000); Lopes et al. (2000); Li et al. (2001); Oliveira et al. (2002); Coletta Filho and Machado (2003); Lopes et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentFerrari et al. (2003)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, WidespreadNativeArruda (1940); Oliveira (1966); Valarini and Tokeshi (1980); Silveira et al. (1985); Ribeiro et al. (1987); Ferreira et al. (2010); Harrington et al. (2011); Firmino et al. (2015); Harrington et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedReis et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)Present, WidespreadGridi-Papp et al. (1984)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentGoes et al. (2000); Timossi et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFerrari et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentNativeWaller et al. (1992); Shomari (1996)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentFigueiredo and Pereira (1944); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber (SALB))PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentMAY (1964)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentSoave et al. (1985)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadGraça et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Pieri et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTessmann et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentKohli (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentPitta et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentBarbasso et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSchloegel et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentNávia et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Present, LocalizedNativeKeifer (1972); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCamargo-Neves et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentMachado et al. (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentPena et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Caetano et al. (2006); Vera et al. (2006); Manni et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeBezzi (1919); Fischer (1934); Zucchi (1978); Silva and Malavasi (1993); Silva and Malavasi (1996); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeUramoto et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); Montes et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)PresentNativeSteck et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2001); Raga et al. (2003); Uchôa and Nicácio (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentMalavasi and Zucchi (2000); de Oliveira (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentHabib and Fernandes (1983); Ramiro et al. (1989); Gabriel et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Almeida et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentSousa-Silva et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGonçalves (2004); Sanchez Junior and Malerbo-Souza (2004); Piereira and Chaud-Netto (2005); Francoy et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Foldi (1988); Claps et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentLourenção and Nagai (1994); CABI and EPPO (1999); Nunes et al. (2008); Fonseca et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBello et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentFernandes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGasparich et al. (1997); Raga et al. (2004); Raga et al. (2011); Ricalde et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedMantelatto and Dias (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Watanabe et al. (2000); Claps et al. (2001); Almeida et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAraujo (1958); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann and Belkin (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresent, LocalizedIntroducedZanata et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2016); Vilela and Mori (2014); Benito et al. (2016); Louzeiro et al. (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCompere (1936); UK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Almeida et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedFerreira Filho et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentIntroducedRosado-Neto (1993); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)Present, WidespreadAdamski and Brown (2001); Matos et al. (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentArruda Filho et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentBueno et al. (2014); Sosa-Gómez et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Almeida et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCosta et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentPeronti et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Ramiro et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCintra (1975); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentCassino et al. (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParlatoria cinereaPresentAlmeida et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentNovo and Gabriel (1994); Mafra-Neto and Habib (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKempf (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Sá et al. (2000); Jaciani et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Almeida et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentTonet et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020); Culik and Gullan (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentEPPO (2020); Oliveira et al. (2016); Melo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPacheco et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentIntroducedIede and Zanetti (2007); Wilcken et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentCruz (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentEPPO (2020); Gotzek et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFowler et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentWilcken et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentIntroducedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLourenção et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (South American tomato pinworm)PresentSiqueira et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); Almeida et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Manrique and Soares (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlechtmann and Gaspareto (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeSchedl (1972); Schedl (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); Rodríguez et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Silvano and Begossi (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedBonino et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeArias and Reznick (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresent, WidespreadMillar (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedLima et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentBrazil Ministry of Agriculture (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoque et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePaiva (1999); Fonseca and Nascimento (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAvelar et al. (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedOstini and Pereira (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVaz et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCuri et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Araújo Filho et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentAlmeida et al. (2008); Almeida et al. (2010); Tigano et al. (2010); Almeida et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeCastro et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCuri and Silveira (1978); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCuri and Silveira (1978); Lordello et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); Araújo Filho et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentMonteiro and Lordello (1974); Rossi et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentZem and Lordello (1983); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentLordello et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativePrado (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeTofoli et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMynssen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS (2007); I3N-Brasil (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeMondin et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeLima et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadNativeLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentNativeIganci (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedQuintão et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentNativeKoch et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedSalimena and Múlgura (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentLorenzi (1982); Julien et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeSenna (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSiqueira (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982); Marchioretto (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedMaas et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedInstituto Horus (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeInstituto Agronómico Campinas (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2018); Paulo et al. (1997); Fonseca et al. (1999); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSá CFC (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentNativeSá CFC (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentReis and Boiteux (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2018); Reis and Boiteux (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeCoelho et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeLima (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeLima (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBrandão (1995); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedQueiroz and Snak (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentBarbosa et al. (2010); Spadotti et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativeKoch et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedNativeForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKoch et al. (2015); Duarte et al. (2013); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentBlanco et al. (1981); Cruz et al. (1991); Ramos and Pitelli (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeAlmeida and Dematteis (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Garcia and Monteiro (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeLombardi (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentAlmeida et al. (2018); Silva et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRando and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedLeitman et al. (2014); Melo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentGobatto et al. (2019); Nunes et al. (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedMondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeFlores (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlores (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlores (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentYuki et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso (1954); Brazilian Flora (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSpeciesLink (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras (2015); Figueiredo et al. (2002); Valarini et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeSimpson (1989); Aparecido Souza and Souza Poletto (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentLorenzi (1982); Canto-Dorow (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeLohmann (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCarneiro (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeSenna (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Present, LocalizedNativeCook and Urmi-König (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentNativeGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedMoraes et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, WidespreadLorenzi (1982); Borges and Teles (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZappi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZenni and Ziller (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadNativeBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedSimão-Bianchini (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedPedroso et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMelo (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedRoque et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentRosa et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePirani and Lopes (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentLorenzi (1982); Mondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedLima (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKoch et al. (2013); Fischer et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedSenna et al. (2015); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)PresentNativeGrandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2018); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2018); Duarte et al. (2013); Borges et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSimão-Bianchini R and Ferreira PPA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentLorenzi (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentPereira et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedGomes-Klein et al. (2015); Yuki et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedLorenzi et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHarley et al. (2014); Lourenção et al. (2008); Flôres and Bedendo (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeValls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005); I3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSouza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentYuki et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva-Luz and Pirani (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedAlmeida (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlves and Xavier (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Filgueiras (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (1994); Seixas et al. (2007); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Duarte et al. (2016); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedMaio and Oliveira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedFigueiredo et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedAona and Pellegrini (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedZappi (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)Present, PlantedNativeSebbenn et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedOliveira and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOliveira and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentCABI (Undated); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedVanin et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadLorenzi (1982); Kissmann and Groth (1992); Flora do Brasil (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativede Oliveira and Valls (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeOliveira RC and de Valls JFM (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNunes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeCervi (1997); Nunes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNunes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora morifoliaPresentNunes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNunes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedZappi (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLima and Snak (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); Esquivel et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBracelpa (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePirani (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentRamos et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentGorayeb et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLonghi-Wagner (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedReflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentMartins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentNativeBorges and Teles (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativeSalimon and Negrelle (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeRoskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBatista et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014); Basseto et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982); Alves et al. (2003); Silva et al. (2009); Macedo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedLordello and Oliveira (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeProfice et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016); Abreu et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2018); Yuki et al. (2000); Lima and Souza Filho (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentSánchez-Soto et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLorenzi (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativeStehmann et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Lourenção et al. (2008); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedFrancine et al. (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSchneider (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentLorenzi (1982); Lourenção et al. (2008); Gobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedLewis GP (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKranz and Passini (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)PresentAraújo Filho et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInforzato (1947)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedZappi (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentNativeGuimarães (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMagenta (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadNativeBarreto (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeEsteves (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentGobatto et al. (2019); Duarte et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMartins et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeAzzini et al. (1993); Pandit (1998); Lorenzi (2000); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentGobatto et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeFrahm (1991)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Duarte et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Present, WidespreadBitancourt et al. (1933); Locali-Fabris et al. (2006); Nunes et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2014); CABI (Undated)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadNascimento et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentCosta et al. (1983); Gaspar et al. (1985); CABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2020)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentKuniyuki et al. (2003)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCOSTA et al. (1969); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCezar et al. (2003)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentRezende et al. (2016)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentLuigi et al. (2016)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentGonçalves et al. (2007)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
anaplasmosisPresent, WidespreadAmaral and Valente (1971); Franzolin Neto et al. (1989); Guido et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
avian trichomoniasisPresentPereira and Almeida (1943)
babesiosisPresentBarci et al. (1994); Gaido et al. (1997)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresent, LocalizedNóbrega and Reis (1947)
botulismPresentLisbôa et al. (1996)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentGouvêa et al. (1989)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentMarinho and Mathias (1996)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentGarcia et al. (1987)
ChytridiomycosisPresentSchloegel et al. (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadAmbrosim et al. (2002); Cimerman et al. (2002); Franco and Cantusio Neto (2002); Gomes et al. (2002); Karasawa et al. (2002); Ragozo et al. (2002); Ortolani and Soares (2003); Cantusio Neto and Franco (2004); Feitosa et al. (2004)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentSamara et al. (1997); D'Angelino et al. (1998)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)PresentFerreira et al. (1994); Romano-Lieber and Iversson (2000)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadMotoie et al. (2013)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentRanzani-Paiva et al. (2004)
paratuberculosisPresentCastro and Nemoto (1972)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadBittencourt and Rácz (1992); Buzinaro and Jerez (1998)
spring viraemia of carpPresent, LocalizedAlexandrino et al. (1998)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentDani et al. (1999); Dani et al. (1999)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); Manrique and Soares (2004)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file