Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Parana

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Datasheet

Parana

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentMarcuz et al. (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Destéfano et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentPortz et al. (2006)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentSantos et al. (2011)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentLeite et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); Crochemore and Piza (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentSantos et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)Present, Few occurrencesNativeInvasiveGasparotto et al. (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentMAY (1964)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedInvasiveIede et al. (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadGraça et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTessmann et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentKohli (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLopes et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentMolina et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentNativeZucchi (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeZucchi (1978); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)PresentNativeSchmid and Santos (1988); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentSantos (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentSantos et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedAkatsu and Pegoraro (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentMaia and Buzzi (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedFrigotto and Serafim-Junior (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Claps et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSilva d'Araujo et al. (1968); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFowler and Forti (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentZawadneak et al. (2008); Monteiro and Souza (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedLutinski et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentFenilli (1982); Rosado-Neto (1993); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentMonteiro et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentZawadneak et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentBergamin (1946); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasivePereira et al. (2014); Puretz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentLorini and Foerster (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedFuriatti and Almeida (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentCividanes (1989); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeLöhr and Varela (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, LocalizedSilva (2002); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentIede et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentFoldi and Kozár (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentAlbuquerque et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, LocalizedIede et al. (1988); Iede et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentBarbosa et al. (2010); Wilcken et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeSchedl (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedInvasivePérez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBonino et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Present, WidespreadNativeAgostinho and Penczak (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedLima et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedPavanelli et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePaiva (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedGraeff-Teixera et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZanella and Marenda (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedInvasivePereira (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentSilva and Santos (1984); Silva and Carneiro (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentWain and Silva (1998); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentAntônio (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003); Machado et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentCarneiro et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeLima-Medina et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadLordello and Lordello (1972); Santos and Silva (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadSantos and Silva (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); Machado et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativePrado (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMynssen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeLima et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentNativeIganci (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedQuintão et al. (2011);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentNativeKoch et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedSalimena and Múlgura (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982); Julien et al. (1995); Senna (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeSenna (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982); Marchioretto (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982); Marchioretto (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedInstituto Horus (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2018); Andrade et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSá CFC (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentNativeSá CFC (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeCoelho et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeLima (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBrandão (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeSomner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKoch et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentAlmeida et al. (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeAlmeida and Dematteis (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeLombardi (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedMondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeFlores (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlores (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlores (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBiondi and Pedrosa-Macedo (2008); Brazilian Flora (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentGomes and Negrelle (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeSimpson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982); I3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentAndrade et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentLorenzi (1982); Canto-Dorow (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeLohmann (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCarneiro (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeSenna (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentShirasuna (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus uruguayensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentNativeGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedMoraes et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKissmann (1997); Zenni and Ziller (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedSimão-Bianchini (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)PresentIntroducedLuz et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMelo (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedForzza et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadLorenzi (1982); Zagonel et al. (2000); Mondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedLima (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedBolzón-de Muñiz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKoch et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedSenna et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated); I3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInter-American Biodiversity Information Network (2008); I3N-Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)PresentNativeGrandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, LocalizedNativeFlora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis alata (clustered bushmint)PresentNativeHarley et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2018); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSimão-Bianchini R and Ferreira PPA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHarley et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSilva-Luz and Pirani (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedAlmeida (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlves and Xavier (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Filgueiras (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentRuas and Ruas (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedMaio and Oliveira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedSilva et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBiondi and Muller (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedAona and Pellegrini (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentLorenzi (1982); Bini et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCarvalho and Gosek (2008); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedOliveira and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOliveira and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadLorenzi (1982); Kissmann and Groth (1992); Flora do Brasil (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeOliveira and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeOliveira RC and de Valls JFM (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, WidespreadNativeForzza and Janeiro (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedZappi (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCardenas and Coulston (1967); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLima and Snak (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePirani (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLonghi-Wagner (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedReflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentNativeBorges and Teles (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativeRaseira and Raseira (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentJacomassi and Piedade (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedSimão-Bianchini (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentKozlowski (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentSpecies Link (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveLorenzi (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSchneider (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedLeite et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKranz and Passini (1996); Kranz and Passini (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedZappi (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentNativeGuimarães (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMagenta (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMagenta (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadNativeBarreto (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBonnet et al. (2011); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta bogotensis (parquet bur)PresentNativeEsteves G (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeEsteves (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeLorenzi (2000); Forzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedShirasuna (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeFrahm (1991)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2014)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAlmeida and Carvalho (1978); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentBarboza et al. (2007)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file