Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Piaui

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Datasheet

Piaui

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentViana and Silva (2001)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeMalavasi and Zucchi (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentDegrande (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Foldi (1988); Claps et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentFeitosa et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedLima-Júnior et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadDelalibera et al. (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentSilva (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentFontes et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedBorghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFernandez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentSilva et al. (2006); Sousa et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeMondin et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeLima et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentNativeSenna (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982); Marchioretto (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRomaniuc et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedInstituto Horus (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSá CFC (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeLima (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeLima (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKoch et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeAlmeida and Dematteis (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeFilgueiras and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRando and Souza (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedLeitman et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedMondin (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeFlores (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlores (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeCordeiro et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras and Valls (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeLohmann (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeSenna (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentNativeGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedMoraes et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentBorges and Teles (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedSimão-Bianchini (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFilgueiras et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedFlora do Brasil (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedAlmeida (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlves and Xavier (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeSimão-Bianchini and Ferreira (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa arenosa (elegant mimosa)PresentNativeDutra and Morim (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGomes-Klein Lima and Gomes-Costa (2014); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedMaio and Oliveira (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora do Brasil (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativede Oliveira and Valls (2015); Lorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeCervi (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedHarris et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeRoskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeSilva-Luz and Pirani (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeForzza (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeForzza RC et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMarquete and Loiola (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeFlora do Brasil (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Brasil (2015)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentBitancourt (1955); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2014)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
leishmaniosisPresentSilva et al. (2012)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file