Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Maranhao

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Datasheet

Maranhao

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  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Maranhao
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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Widespread Native YesGasparotto et al., 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesCaratelli and Saponaro, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present ===, 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Medeiros et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present YesFarrapeira, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Present Native NoMalavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Degrande, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Foldi, 1988; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Moraes et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced Feres et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Present Delalibera et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Panizzi, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Das-Chagas et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoSchedl, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced Cockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoCaceres and Monteiro-Filho, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Present Introduced YesCiomperlik et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Cunha et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Silva, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Silva, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present Silva et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Mondin et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Native Koch et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Native Senna, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982; Marchioretto, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Romaniuc et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesSilva, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Native Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Introduced Sá, 2015; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Native Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native Lima, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Native Somner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Koch et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Almeida and Dematteis, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Filgueiras and Valls, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Henderson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced Mondin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed) Present Native Flores, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced Flores, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Flores, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Cordeiro et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced YesForzza et al., 2012; ISSG, Invasive Species Specialist Group.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Filgueiras and Valls, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Widespread Native YesMesquita et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Canto-Dorow, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Lohmann, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Carneiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Native Senna, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Lorenzi and, 1986; Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Native Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Borges, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced Longhi-Wagner, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Filgueiras et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Native Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Native Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced Flora do Brasil, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Lorenzi, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Harley et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesI3N-Brasil, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Souza, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced Flora do Brasil, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesSilva-Luz and Pirani, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Almeida, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesAlves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose) Present Native Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Simão-Bianchini and Ferreira, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced Gomes-Klein and Gomes-Costa, 2014; Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Maio and Olivera, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced Aona and Pellegrini, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Profice et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Oliveira and Valls, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Costa and Mesquita, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Widespread Native NoForzza and Janeiro, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesForzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBurkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Cordeiro, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Native Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Native Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Flora do Brasil, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Lorenzi, 2000; Forzza et al., 2012.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
botulism Present Silva et al., 1998.
leishmaniosis Widespread Ponte et al., 2011.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file