Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Zambia

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Datasheet

Zambia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)Present, WidespreadNativeMilliano (1992)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Herb IMI (1977); Herb IMI (1987); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO (2020); Angus (1965); Frederickson (1990); Milliano et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentIvory (1994); UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedOhler (1979); Shomari (1996); Mniu (1998); Nayar (1998)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2020); Seif and Hillocks (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentRees and Webber (1988); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentJavaid and Ashraf (1978); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadMukwavi et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNHM (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Javaid et al. (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeMunro (1953); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)PresentJavaid (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)PresentNativeEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedMikkola (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentSohati et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Pinhey (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveNorris and Norris (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedLoyttyniemi (1979); Selander and Bubala (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan and Gullan (2012); UK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentChungu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020); Williams (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); Millar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, WidespreadGriffini (1897); UVAROV (1923); Lewin (1933); Uvarov (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChakupurakal et al. (1994); Zeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIvory (1977); Loyttyniemi (1983); Selander and Bubala (1983); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentNHM (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHodges and Pike (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977); Hindmarsh and MacDonald (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2017); Day et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); IPPC (2016); IPPC (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedBeaver and Löyttyniemi (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeBeveridge and Haylor (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (1996); Costa Pierce et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese R and Pauly D (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLosse (1998); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Schwank (1995); Tweddle (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAudenaerde (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeSAIAB (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDowsett et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedNativeDaget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentMartin (1958); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentMsuya et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963); Johns (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLawton (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitchell and Tur (1975); ISSG (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKuntashula and Mafongoya (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, WidespreadVerma (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, LocalizedNativePhilcox (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); PROTA (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentTownsend (1988); PROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadTownsend (1988); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedAluka African Plants (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentFlora Zambesiaca (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentBrenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeWild (1960); Elffers et al. (1964); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentRadcliffe-Smith (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedWilson (1981); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedJansen (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedGoncalves (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentChisowa et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedPhillips (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Zambian Alien Invasive Species (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Bolnick (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWilkin (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedWild (1961); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); Flora of Zambia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton (1989); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Bennett (1972); Hill (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigasPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentNativeCope (1999); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLisowski (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentGBIF (2013); The Plant List (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentMartins (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Pieterse (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morningglory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedLejoly and Lisowski (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Brundu and Camarda (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe beharensis (elephant’s ear kalanchoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Wickens (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedHolden et al. (1988); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2016); Howard et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeGonçalves (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Jeffrey (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnvironmental Council of Zambia (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativePickering and Roe (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentBolnick (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBingham et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Poilecot (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeLaunert (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Diop (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Launert (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Philcox (1990); Mielcarek (1996); EAH (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedKew Herbarium Catalogue (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedLock (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, WidespreadNativeJamnadass et al. (2005); ILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Clayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadTerry and Michieka (1987); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeICRAF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben and Denton (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMuoghalu and Chuba (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Muoghalu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLaunert (1963); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeAnon (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNyoka (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativePeirce (1984)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Aregawi et al. (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Mulenga et al. (2016)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusPresentOIE (2004); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedGondwe et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)PresentMulenga et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998); Mulenga et al. (2016)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMulenga et al. (2016)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentToler et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentNdunguru and Kapooria (1996); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedKapooria and Ndunguru (2004)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentJongejan et al. (1988); Ahmadu et al. (1997); OIE (2012)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2012); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Tuchili et al. (1993); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentHasegawa et al. (1999)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012); Jongejan et al. (1988)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentGhirotti et al. (1991)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentScott (1989)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentCABI (Undated); Pandey et al. (1999)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentMunang'andu et al. (1996)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentHunter et al. (1992); Amadi et al. (2001); Amadi et al. (2002); Zulu et al. (2002)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentNgoma et al. (1993)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentNativeOIE (2004); OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2009); Kitching (1998); OIE (2004)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterPresentOIE (2012); CCTA (1966)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2012); MacDonald (1931)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadFrancis et al. (1980)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentCABI (Undated)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativePeirce (1984)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012); Sinyangwe (1992); Mweene et al. (1996)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Aregawi et al. (2019)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria parva infectionsPresentSempebwa-Serugo (1977)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2009)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Artichokes Production Quantity 706 Im 750 F 732 Im 613 Im 636 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 159 Im 210 F 200 F 187 Im 180 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 628 Im 720 F 690 F 650 F 623 Im
Bananas Yield 39496.9 Fc 34285.7 Fc 34500 Fc 34759.4 Fc 34611.1 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2493 Im 2600 F 1400 F 1220 F 1220 F
Barley Production Quantity 2233 Im 2500 F 1350 F 1150 F 1150 F
Barley Yield 8957.08 Fc 9615.38 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9426.23 Fc 9426.23 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 203319 Im 198000 F 200000 F 205000 * 183000 F
Cassava Production Quantity 1266300 Im 1151700 1160850 1185600 1059890
Cassava Yield 62281.4 Fc 58166.7 Fc 58042.5 Fc 57834.2 Fc 57917.5 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1170690 A 1220950 A 1061380 A 638265 A 681175 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2746030 A 3080420 A 2182580 A 1385900 A 1529880 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 36336 A 36336 A 37171.8 A 32608.8 A 18996.3 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23456.4 Fc 25229.6 Fc 20563.5 Fc 21713.6 Fc 22459.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1170690 A 1220950 A 1061380 A 638265 A 681175 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2761390 A 3097620 A 2196540 A 1393900 A 1535980 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 36336 A 36336 A 37171.8 A 32608.8 A 18996.3 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 23587.6 Fc 25370.5 Fc 20695.1 Fc 21838.9 Fc 22548.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 432 Im 574 Im 697 Im 800 F 800 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 555 Im 796 Im 950 F 995 * 1237 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 12847.2 Fc 13867.6 Fc 13629.8 Fc 12437.5 Fc 15462.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 945 A 910 A 900 A 868 A 860 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4320 A 3500 A 2180 A 3462 A 3467 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 45714.3 Fc 38461.5 Fc 24222.2 Fc 39884.8 Fc 40313.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1105570 A 1162870 A 1001510 A 609504 A 650232 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2561430 A 2873710 A 1959160 A 1256640 A 1401820 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 32225.9 A 32225.9 A 33756.9 A 28841.8 A 17390.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 23168.3 Fc 24712.1 Fc 19562.1 Fc 20617.3 Fc 21558.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 8390 Im 7100 F 6900 F 6400 F 5600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8659 Im 6500 F 4889 Im 5869 Im 5100 F
Coffee, green Yield 10320.6 Fc 9154.93 Fc 7085.51 Fc 9170.31 Fc 9107.14 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 35000 F 35000 F 44000 * 41000 F 46000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 70500 F 70500 F 90000 F 83500 F 92500 F
Cottonseed Seed 3600 Fc 3600 Fc 3600 Fc 2914.32 Fc 2509.74 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 115761 A 120000 A 97144 A 83658 A 74347 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 35000 A 35000 A 44000 A 41000 A 46000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3023.47 Fc 2916.67 Fc 4529.36 Fc 4900.91 Fc 6187.2 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24946 A 24420 A 24126 A 23200 A 22991 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 111094 A 112220 A 118453 A 111490 A 111630 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 44533.8 Fc 45954.1 Fc 49097.7 Fc 48056 Fc 48553.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5423 Im 5300 F 5213 Im 5014 Im 4970 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 24571 Im 25000 F 26253 Im 24389 Im 24426 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 45308.9 Fc 47169.8 Fc 50360.6 Fc 48641.8 Fc 49146.9 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 18419 Im 18000 F 17813 Im 17131 Im 16981 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 81575 Im 83000 F 89330 Im 82989 Im 83114 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 44288.5 Fc 46111.1 Fc 50148.8 Fc 48443.8 Fc 48945.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 240000 * 254566 204073 121375 124578
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 174728 Im 163733 120564 70527 60000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 23760 Fc 23760 Fc 23760 Fc 19019.1 Fc 12689.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7280.33 Fc 6431.85 Fc 5907.89 Fc 5810.67 Fc 4816.26 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1036080 Im 1080560 911942 539877 585291
Maize Production Quantity 2496430 Im 2795480 1887010 1211570 1366160
Maize Seed 31082.3 Fc 31082.3 Fc 32416.7 Fc 27358.3 Fc 16196.3 Fc
Maize Yield 24095 Fc 25870.7 Fc 20692.2 Fc 22441.6 Fc 23341.5 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 39282 50806 55951 34870 44294
Millet Production Quantity 38000 F 47997 48967 33934 21707
Millet Seed 589.23 Fc 589.23 Fc 762.09 Fc 839.27 Fc 523.05 Fc
Millet Yield 9673.64 Fc 9447.11 Fc 8751.76 Fc 9731.57 Fc 4900.66 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 420761 A 451670 A 391634 A 255732 A 256563 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 125782 A 142981 A 139131 A 109871 A 117786 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 11934.8 A 11934.8 A 12760 A 10711 A 7676.88 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2989.38 Fc 3165.61 Fc 3552.58 Fc 4296.34 Fc 4590.93 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 420761 A 451670 A 391634 A 255732 A 256563 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 77518.4 A 78612.1 A 71566.9 A 47578.2 A 46405.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 8281 A 8281 A 8448.45 A 7023.44 A 4729.45 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1842.34 Fc 1740.48 Fc 1827.39 Fc 1860.47 Fc 1808.74 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2486 Im 2000 F 1925 F 1900 F 1855 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 37830 Im 29000 F 28500 F 28348 Im 28294 Im
Onions, dry Yield 152172 Fc 145000 Fc 148052 Fc 149200 Fc 152528 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 945 Im 910 F 900 F 868 Im 860 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 4320 Im 3500 F 2180 Im 3462 Im 3467 Im
Oranges Yield 45714.3 Fc 38461.5 Fc 24222.2 Fc 39884.8 Fc 40313.9 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 51 Im 60 Im 61 Im 66 Im 80 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6375 Fc 7500 Fc 7625 Fc 8250 Fc 10000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1341 Im 1414 1233 1009 1100 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 21235 Im 22939 21285 10196 14500 F
Potatoes Seed 1341 Fc 1341 Fc 1414 Fc 1233 Fc 1009 Fc
Potatoes Yield 158352 Fc 162228 Fc 172628 Fc 101051 Fc 131818 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 62212 Im 58000 F 56000 F 50000 F 49000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 30172 Im 27000 F 27882 Im 23911 Im 23500 F
Pulses, nes Seed 4976.96 Fc 4976.96 Fc 4640 Fc 4480 Fc 4000 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4849.87 Fc 4655.17 Fc 4978.93 Fc 4782.2 Fc 4795.92 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 62212 A 58000 A 56000 A 50000 A 49000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30172 A 27000 A 27882 A 23911 A 23500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4976.96 A 4976.96 A 4640 A 4480 A 4000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4849.87 Fc 4655.17 Fc 4978.93 Fc 4782.2 Fc 4795.92 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 27490 30788 25582 17367 * 12110
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 46130 * 51656 41929 24023 18317
Rice, paddy Seed 1099.6 Fc 1099.6 Fc 1231.52 Fc 1023.28 Fc 694.68 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 16780.7 Fc 16778 Fc 16390 Fc 13832.6 Fc 15125.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 217526 A 214414 A 214233 A 213309 A 189300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1524150 A 1427510 A 1382590 A 1302320 A 1150050 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1341 A 1341 A 1414 A 1233 A 1009 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 70067.3 Fc 66577.1 Fc 64536.5 Fc 61053.2 Fc 60753 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 115761 Im 120000 F 97144 83658 74347
Seed cotton Production Quantity 114185 Im 107000 F 135500 F 126000 F 140000 F
Seed cotton Yield 9863.86 Fc 8916.67 Fc 13948.4 Fc 15061.3 Fc 18830.6 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 27718 Im 28908 32212 33537 19427
Sorghum Production Quantity 24765 Im 27732 21829 9982 12800
Sorghum Seed 554.36 Fc 554.36 Fc 578.16 Fc 644.24 Fc 670.74 Fc
Sorghum Yield 8934.63 Fc 9593.19 Fc 6776.67 Fc 2976.41 Fc 6588.77 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 10000 * 25500 F 25000 F 23928 34468
Soybeans Production Quantity 13000 * 41000 F 40000 F 43715 55194
Soybeans Seed 700 Fc 700 Fc 1785 Fc 1750 Fc 1674.96 Fc
Soybeans Yield 13000 Fc 16078.4 Fc 16000 Fc 18269.4 Fc 16013.1 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2852 Im 3788 Im 4600 F 5100 F 6000 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 2778 Im 3406 Im 3401 Im 3517 Im 4290 Im
Spices, nes Yield 9740.53 Fc 8991.55 Fc 7393.48 Fc 6896.08 Fc 7150 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 33000 F 33000 F 30500 F 19500 F 24000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 3500000 F 3500000 F 3200000 F 2050000 F 2430000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1060610 Fc 1060610 Fc 1049180 Fc 1051280 Fc 1012500 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 55000 * 51604 65417 26771 23170
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 28000 * 26420 33653 12662 8953
Sunflower seed Seed 1100 Fc 1100 Fc 1032.08 Fc 1308.34 Fc 535.42 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 5090.91 Fc 5119.76 Fc 5144.38 Fc 4729.74 Fc 3864.05 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 12866 Im 15000 F 13000 F 7300 F 5200 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 236611 Im 252867 200450 106523 75664
Sweet potatoes Yield 183904 Fc 168578 Fc 154192 Fc 145922 Fc 145508 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 638 Im 583 Im 537 Im 533 Im 506 Im
Tea Production Quantity 878 Im 941 Im 797 Im 837 Im 877 Im
Tea Yield 13761.8 Fc 16140.7 Fc 14841.7 Fc 15703.6 Fc 17332 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 58955 Im 59988 60778 62877 23928
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 60329 Im 59338 Im 65704 Im 64066 Im 61759 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10233.1 Fc 9891.64 Fc 10810.5 Fc 10189.1 Fc 25810.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2785 Im 2700 F 2550 F 2200 F 2365 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 19741 Im 26000 F 25000 F 20966 Im 23000 F
Tomatoes Yield 70883.3 Fc 96296.3 Fc 98039.2 Fc 95300 Fc 97251.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 47704 Im 50000 F 45079 Im 42055 Im 40000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 360113 Im 310179 Im 275859 Im 320402 Im 315000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 75489.1 Fc 62035.8 Fc 61194.6 Fc 76186.4 Fc 78750 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 52975 A 54700 A 49554 A 46155 A 44220 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 418390 A 365929 A 330091 A 370329 A 366930 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 78978.8 Fc 66897.4 Fc 66612.4 Fc 80235.9 Fc 82978.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 52975 A 54700 A 49554 A 46155 A 44220 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 418390 A 365929 A 330091 A 370329 A 366930 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 78978.8 Fc 66897.4 Fc 66612.4 Fc 80235.9 Fc 82978.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 37631 27291 34296 11394 18833
Wheat Production Quantity 153829 Im 172256 195456 113242 115843
Wheat Seed 3010.48 Fc 3010.48 Fc 2183.28 Fc 2743.68 Fc 911.52 Fc
Wheat Yield 40878.3 Fc 63118.2 Fc 56990.9 Fc 99387.4 Fc 61510.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Artichokes Production Quantity 575 Im 459 Im 502 Im 482 Im 406 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 220 F 272 Im 268 Im 329 Im 311 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 700 F 777 Im 900 F 753 Im 850 F
Bananas Yield 31818.2 Fc 28566.2 Fc 33582.1 Fc 22887.5 Fc 27331.2 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2580 F 1315 F 1250 F 1700 F 2450 F
Barley Production Quantity 2450 F 1250 F 1200 F 1600 F 2300 F
Barley Yield 9496.12 Fc 9505.7 Fc 9600 Fc 9411.76 Fc 9387.76 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 183000 F 180000 165000 165000 158968 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 1059890 1056000 957000 957000 918016 Im
Cassava Yield 57917.5 Fc 58666.7 Fc 58000 Fc 58000 Fc 57748.5 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 883238 A 560549 A 759524 A 801700 A 531950 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1599330 A 1061460 A 1373790 A 1360100 A 750471 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 20602.7 A 26105.3 A 17176.3 A 22242.9 A 23890 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 18107.5 Fc 18936.1 Fc 18087.5 Fc 16965.2 Fc 14107.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 883238 A 560549 A 759524 A 801700 A 531950 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1603980 A 1065900 A 1379510 A 1365260 A 754966 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 20602.7 A 26105.3 A 17176.3 A 22242.9 A 23890 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 18160.2 Fc 19015.4 Fc 18162.9 Fc 17029.6 Fc 14192.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 802 Im 703 Im 804 Im 799 Im 800 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 900 F 727 Im 850 F 1185 Im 900 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 11222 Fc 10341.4 Fc 10572.1 Fc 14831 Fc 11250 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 850 A 847 A 950 A 1063 A 1042 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3500 A 3394 A 3600 A 3800 A 3700 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 41176.5 Fc 40070.8 Fc 37894.7 Fc 35747.9 Fc 35508.6 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 851780 A 528148 A 733481 A 769700 A 509450 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1496060 A 915734 A 1279470 A 1214760 A 666466 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 18611.7 A 24163 A 14999 A 20659.5 A 21770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 17563.9 Fc 17338.6 Fc 17443.8 Fc 15782.3 Fc 13082.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 5306 Im 5000 F 5500 F 6989 Im 7000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 5033 Im 4500 * 5000 F 6060 * 6480 *
Coffee, green Yield 9485.49 Fc 9000 Fc 9090.91 Fc 8670.77 Fc 9257.14 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 38500 F 46850 F 37950 F 31350 F 25700 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 78500 F 93850 F 75900 F 64650 F 51900 F
Cottonseed Seed 2230.41 Fc 3000 Fc 3890.01 Fc 3000 Fc 2430 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 100000 A 129667 A 100000 A 81000 A 66000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 38500 A 46850 A 37950 A 31350 A 25700 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3850 Fc 3613.1 Fc 3795 Fc 3870.37 Fc 3893.94 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24030 A 22413 A 22442 A 23324 A 22161 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 112757 A 105671 A 103500 A 105053 A 104050 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 46923.4 Fc 47147.2 Fc 46118.9 Fc 45040.7 Fc 46951.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5198 Im 4821 Im 4805 Im 4965 Im 4183 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 24657 Im 24500 F 24000 F 24500 F 24000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 47435.6 Fc 50819.3 Fc 49948 Fc 49345.4 Fc 57375.1 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 17762 Im 16473 Im 16419 Im 16967 Im 16625 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 83900 Im 77000 F 75000 F 76000 F 75500 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 47235.7 Fc 46743.2 Fc 45678.8 Fc 44792.8 Fc 45413.5 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 96400 * 108245 88000 * 88000 * 88000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 84010 74218 60000 * 60000 * 60000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8714.73 Fc 6856.48 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 750000 F 465832 631000 671000 430000 F
Maize Production Quantity 1424400 866187 1214000 1157860 606172
Maize Seed 17558.7 Fc 22500 Fc 13975 Fc 18930 Fc 20130 Fc
Maize Yield 18992 Fc 18594.4 Fc 19239.3 Fc 17255.7 Fc 14097 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 64200 F 39210 59028 60000 * 55000 F
Millet Production Quantity 48159 29583 39800 35000 * 41192
Millet Seed 664.41 Fc 963 Fc 588.15 Fc 885.42 Fc 900 Fc
Millet Yield 7501.4 Fc 7544.76 Fc 6742.56 Fc 5833.33 Fc 7489.45 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 253575 A 289919 A 221500 A 194000 A 177000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 124684 A 115429 A 84699 A 69011.5 A 60139 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 7608.59 A 8350.48 A 8380.57 A 7041.25 A 6280.5 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4917.05 Fc 3981.42 Fc 3823.88 Fc 3557.29 Fc 3397.68 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 253575 A 289919 A 221500 A 194000 A 177000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 54320.9 A 48707.3 A 38154 A 33784 A 31204 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4413.16 A 4566.4 A 4630.46 A 4268.1 A 4069.8 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2142.2 Fc 1680.03 Fc 1722.53 Fc 1741.44 Fc 1762.94 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1800 F 1953 Im 2107 Im 2000 F 2176 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 27000 F 25599 Im 31000 F 30000 F 27404 Im
Onions, dry Yield 150000 Fc 131075 Fc 147129 Fc 150000 Fc 125938 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 850 F 847 Im 950 F 1063 Im 1042 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 3500 F 3394 Im 3600 F 3800 F 3700 F
Oranges Yield 41176.5 Fc 40070.8 Fc 37894.7 Fc 35747.9 Fc 35508.6 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 80 F 199 Im 160 F 165 F 160 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 60 F 160 Im 145 F 155 F 150 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 7500 Fc 8040.2 Fc 9062.5 Fc 9393.94 Fc 9375 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1000 F 973 1124 Im 1000 F 1020 Im
Potatoes Production Quantity 14000 F 14035 14152 Im 14000 F 13000 F
Potatoes Seed 1100 Fc 1000 Fc 973 Fc 1124 Fc 1000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 140000 Fc 144245 Fc 125907 Fc 140000 Fc 127451 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 48500 F 48000 F 48509 44000 F 41000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 23000 F 22500 F 22675 20500 F 19000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 3920 Fc 3880 Fc 3840 Fc 3880.72 Fc 3520 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4742.27 Fc 4687.5 Fc 4674.39 Fc 4659.09 Fc 4634.15 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 48500 A 48000 A 48509 A 44000 A 41000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23000 A 22500 A 22675 A 20500 A 19000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3920 A 3880 A 3840 A 3880.72 A 3520 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4742.27 Fc 4687.5 Fc 4674.39 Fc 4659.09 Fc 4634.15 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 14358 10368 12500 F 11000 F 10500 F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 13964 13337 17189 15500 F 13500 F
Rice, paddy Seed 484.4 Fc 574.32 Fc 414.72 Fc 500 Fc 440 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 9725.59 Fc 12863.6 Fc 13751.2 Fc 14090.9 Fc 12857.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 191000 A 185473 A 170424 A 169600 A 163409 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1175180 A 1136960 A 1035150 A 1024000 A 989180 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1100 A 1000 A 973 A 1124 A 1000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 61527.6 Fc 61300.6 Fc 60739.6 Fc 60377.4 Fc 60534 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 100000 F 129667 100000 F 81000 F 66000 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 118426 142160 115000 F 98000 F 79200 F
Seed cotton Yield 11842.6 Fc 10963.5 Fc 11500 Fc 12098.8 Fc 12000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 35000 F 21791 42203 37000 F 22000 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 21047 18714 24466 20300 16802
Sorghum Seed 388.54 Fc 700 Fc 435.82 Fc 844.06 Fc 740 Fc
Sorghum Yield 6013.43 Fc 8587.95 Fc 5797.22 Fc 5486.49 Fc 7637.27 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 42175 34000 F 18500 F 10000 * 8000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 57815 45000 F 24000 F 12000 * 9000 *
Soybeans Seed 2412.76 Fc 2952.25 Fc 2380 Fc 1295 Fc 700 Fc
Soybeans Yield 13708.4 Fc 13235.3 Fc 12973 Fc 12000 Fc 11250 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 4500 F 4300 F 4531 Im 4500 F 3728 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 3200 F 3000 F 3550 Im 3200 F 2476 Im
Spices, nes Yield 7111.11 Fc 6976.74 Fc 7834.92 Fc 7111.11 Fc 6641.63 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 24000 F 22000 F 22500 F 22000 F 22000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2450000 F 2300000 F 2350000 F 2300000 F 2300000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1020830 Fc 1045450 Fc 1044440 Fc 1045450 Fc 1045450 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 15000 * 18007 15000 * 15000 * 15000 *
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 15003 8112 9000 * 8000 * 8000 *
Sunflower seed Seed 463.4 Fc 300 Fc 360.14 Fc 300 Fc 300 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10002 Fc 4504.91 Fc 6000 Fc 5333.33 Fc 5333.33 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 7000 F 4500 F 4300 F 3600 * 3421 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 101287 66926 63997 53000 * 58164 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 144696 Fc 148724 Fc 148830 Fc 147222 Fc 170020 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 500 F 568 Im 550 F 500 F 600 F
Tea Production Quantity 750 F 795 Im 800 F 701 Im 750 F
Tea Yield 15000 Fc 13996.5 Fc 14545.5 Fc 14020 Fc 12500 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 45000 F 26000 F 23000 F 15000 F 11600 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 48000 F 58211 37311 20035 13982
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10666.7 Fc 22388.8 Fc 16222.2 Fc 13356.7 Fc 12053.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2600 F 2786 Im 2730 F 2700 F 3018 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 25000 F 27000 F 25783 Im 26000 F 25000 F
Tomatoes Yield 96153.9 Fc 96913.1 Fc 94443.2 Fc 96296.3 Fc 82836.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 39479 Im 37000 F 39672 Im 36000 F 41134 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 300604 Im 240000 F 239607 Im 230000 F 213814 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 76142.8 Fc 64864.9 Fc 60397 Fc 63888.9 Fc 51979.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 43879 A 41739 A 44509 A 40700 A 46328 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 353179 A 293058 A 296892 A 286482 A 266624 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 80489.3 Fc 70212 Fc 66703.8 Fc 70388.7 Fc 57551.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 43879 A 41739 A 44509 A 40700 A 46328 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 353179 A 293058 A 296892 A 286482 A 266624 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 80489.3 Fc 70212 Fc 66703.8 Fc 70388.7 Fc 57551.4 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 17100 * 22033 13543 * 21000 F 12000 *
Wheat Production Quantity 93958 136833 82858 135000 * 75000 *
Wheat Seed 1506.64 Fc 1368 Fc 1762.64 Fc 1083.44 Fc 1680 Fc
Wheat Yield 54946.2 Fc 62103.7 Fc 61181.4 Fc 64285.7 Fc 62500 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 23435 Fm 23735 Fm 23385 Fm 23087 Fm 22984 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 4.85 I 4.85 I 3.5 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 2.46 I 2.46 I 0.1 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.31 I 7.31 I 3.6 I 2.5 I
Arable land Area 3400 Fm 3700 Fm 3350 Fm 3052 Fm 2949 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3435 Fm 3735 Fm 3385 Fm 3087 Fm 2984 Fm
Country area Area 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W
Forest area Area 49301.4 Fm 49468 Q 49634.6 Fm 49801.2 Fm 49967.8 Fm
Inland water Area 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm
Land area Area 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm
Other land Area 1602.6 Fm 1136 Fm 1319.4 Fm 1450.8 Fm 1387.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 23048 Fm 22762 Fm 22897 Fm 22909 Fm 22616 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 2.4 I 2.9 I
Arable land Area 3013 Fm 2727 Fm 2862 Fm 2874 Fm 2582 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3048 Fm 2762 Fm 2897 Fm 2909 Fm 2616 Fm
Country area Area 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 Q 75261 Q
Forest area Area 50134.4 Fm 50301 Q 50467.6 Fm 50634.2 Fm 50800.8 Fm
Inland water Area 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm
Land area Area 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 E 74339 Q 74339 Q
Other land Area 1156.6 Fm 1276 Fm 974.4 Fm 795.8 Fm 922.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 34 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 F 156 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files