Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Zambia

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Datasheet

Zambia

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 17,861,030 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,430 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 25,615.98 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 23,309.77 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.86 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Present, LocalizedPawlowski and Hartman (2019); EPPO (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentBragard and Verhoyen (1993); Bragard et al. (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)Present, WidespreadNativeMilliano (1992)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Herb IMI (1977); Herb IMI (1987); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO (2022); Angus (1965); Frederickson (1990); Milliano et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2022); Datnoff et al. (1986); Hartman and Sinclair (1988); UK, CAB International (1991); Hartman and Sinclair (1992); Hartman and Sinclair (1996); Tooley (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMagnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast)PresentIPPC (2020); Tembo et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentIvory (1994); UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedOhler (1979); Shomari (1996); Mniu (1998); Nayar (1998)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2022); Seif and Hillocks (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentRees and Webber (1988); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentJavaid and Ashraf (1978); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadMukwavi et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNHM (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Javaid et al. (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentBerry et al. (2004); Abdullahi et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeMunro (1953); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mikkola (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentSohati et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Pinhey (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveNorris and Norris (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentWhite (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedLoyttyniemi (1979); Selander and Bubala (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan and Gullan (2012); UK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentChungu et al. (2017); Wondafrash et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Williams (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); Millar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, WidespreadGriffini (1897); UVAROV (1923); Lewin (1933); Uvarov (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChakupurakal et al. (1994); Zeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIvory (1977); Loyttyniemi (1983); Selander and Bubala (1983); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); IPPC (2016); IPPC (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentNHM (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHodges and Pike (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977); Hindmarsh and MacDonald (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2017); Day et al. (2017); Sun JiaWei et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentChilembo (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedBeaver and Löyttyniemi (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeBeveridge and Haylor (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)AbsentCosta Pierce et al. (1993); FAO (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese R and Pauly D (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLosse (1998); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Schwank (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004); Tweddle (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAudenaerde (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeSAIAB (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDowsett et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedNativeDaget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentMartin (1958); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentMsuya et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963); Johns (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeLawton (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHyde et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitchell and Tur (1975); ISSG (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKuntashula and Mafongoya (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (blackthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeeds of Australia (2016); ILDIS (2007); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, WidespreadVerma (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, LocalizedNativePhilcox (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Smith (1998); PROTA (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentTownsend (1988); PROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadTownsend (1988); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedAluka African Plants (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentFlora Zambesiaca (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentBrenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeWild (1960); Elffers et al. (1964); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedWilson (1981); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedJansen (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedGoncalves (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentChisowa et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedPhillips (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Zambian Alien Invasive Species (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Bolnick (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Parker (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWilkin (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedWild (1961); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); Flora of Zambia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton (1989); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Bennett (1972); Hill (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentNativeCope (1999); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLisowski (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentChungu et al. (2017); Nakabonge et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015); Chungu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedChungu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentGBIF (2013); The Plant List (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentMartins (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); Pieterse (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentRoskov et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982); Astle et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedLejoly and Lisowski (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Brundu and Camarda (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe beharensis (elephant’s ear kalanchoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Wickens (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedHolden et al. (1988); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2016); Howard et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeGonçalves (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Jeffrey (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnvironmental Council of Zambia (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativePickering and Roe (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentBolnick (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBingham et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Douthwaite (1978); Smith (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Poilecot (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeLaunert (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Diop (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Launert (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Philcox (1990); Mielcarek (1996); EAH (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977); Millhollon and Burner (1993); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedKew Herbarium Catalogue (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedLock (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, WidespreadNativeJamnadass et al. (2005); ILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Clayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadTerry and Michieka (1987); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeICRAF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben and Denton (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMuoghalu and Chuba (2005);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Muoghalu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedGRIIS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLaunert (1963); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeExell et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBingham et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNyoka (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativePeirce (1984)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Aregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Were et al. (2003); Chikoti et al. (2015); Mulenga et al. (2016)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2004); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedGondwe et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)PresentIPPC (2020); Mulenga et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998); Mulenga et al. (2016)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); Mulenga et al. (2020)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentKannaiyan (1990); CABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMulenga et al. (2016); Chikoti et al. (2013); Chikoti et al. (2015)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentToler et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentNdunguru and Kapooria (1996); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedKapooria and Ndunguru (2004);

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresentJongejan et al. (1988); Ahmadu et al. (1997); OIE (2012)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2018); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Tuchili et al. (1993); OIE (1997); OIE (2012); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentHasegawa et al. (1999)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012); Jongejan et al. (1988)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentGhirotti et al. (1991)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentScott (1989)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2018); Pandey et al. (1999); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentMunang'andu et al. (1996)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2012); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentHunter et al. (1992); Amadi et al. (2001); Amadi et al. (2002); Zulu et al. (2002)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic ulcerative syndromePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018);
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentNgoma et al. (1993)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); Kitching (1998); OIE (2004); OIE (2020)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterPresentOIE (2018); CCTA (1966); OIE (2018)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2018); MacDonald (1931); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadFrancis et al. (1980)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativePeirce (1984)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2018); Sinyangwe (1992); Mweene et al. (1996); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Aregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria parva infectionsPresentSempebwa-Serugo (1977)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ArtichokesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
AsparagusArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
BananasArea harvested146 Im149 Im152 Im155 Im162 Im
Production quantity644 Im649 Im654 Im660 Im676 Im
Yield44,110 Fc43,557 Fc43,026 Fc42,581 Fc41,728 Fc
BarleyArea harvested11,117 Im10,597 Im10,069 Im9,534 Im8,737 Im
Production quantity11,687 Im11,063 Im10,439 Im9,815 Im8,942 Im
Yield10,513 Fc10,440 Fc10,367 Fc10,295 Fc10,235 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
CassavaArea harvested126,869117,716107,58685,899 Im55,747 Im
Production quantity4,036,5844,102,3003,695,1822,222,096 Im952,770
Yield318,169 Fc348,491 Fc343,463 Fc258,687 Fc170,910 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cereals, TotalArea harvested937,291 A1,210,197 A1,573,559 A1,287,515 A966,752 A
Production quantity2,229,037 A2,608,904 A3,899,027 A3,113,153 A2,906,997 A
Yield23,782 Fc21,558 Fc24,778 Fc24,180 Fc30,070 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested350 Im376 Im402 Im429 Im469 Im
Production quantity498 Im529 Im560 Im591 Im642 Im
Yield14,229 Fc14,069 Fc13,930 Fc13,776 Fc13,689 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested888 A892 A896 A900 A904 A
Production quantity3,922 A3,910 A3,899 A3,888 A3,850 A
Yield44,167 Fc43,834 Fc43,516 Fc43,200 Fc42,588 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested7,736 Im7,643 Im7,546 Im7,536 Im7,190 Im
Production quantity6,976 Im6,897 Im6,816 Im6,813 Im6,517 Im
Yield9,018 Fc9,024 Fc9,033 Fc9,041 Fc9,064 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested88,748 A106,881 A105,352 A129,599 A126,803 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested30,599 A29,743 A28,955 A28,131 A27,257 A
Production quantity115,905 A115,322 A114,774 A114,255 A113,564 A
Yield37,879 Fc38,773 Fc39,639 Fc40,615 Fc41,664 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested6,803 Im6,596 Im6,407 Im6,233 Im6,029 Im
Production quantity26,608 Im26,438 Im26,302 Im26,193 Im25,988 Im
Yield39,112 Fc40,082 Fc41,052 Fc42,023 Fc43,105 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested22,762 Im22,106 Im21,500 Im20,843 Im20,162 Im
Production quantity84,731 Im84,325 Im83,919 Im83,514 Im83,050 Im
Yield37,225 Fc38,146 Fc39,032 Fc40,068 Fc41,191 Fc
GingerArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested208,483259,479262,612231,482 Im223,667 Im
Production quantity130,825181,772168,699153,888 Im146,914 Im
Yield6,275 Fc7,005 Fc6,424 Fc6,648 Fc6,568 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
MaizeArea harvested841,6931,086,0061,433,9441,157,754863,818
Production quantity2,004,3892,394,9073,606,5492,873,0522,618,221
Yield23,814 Fc22,052 Fc25,151 Fc24,816 Fc30,310 Fc
MilletArea harvested28,89041,46345,76147,29735,054
Production quantity24,84332,27832,56629,97231,967
Yield8,599 Fc7,785 Fc7,117 Fc6,337 Fc9,119 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OilcropsArea harvested556,110 A649,509 A692,707 A614,811 A527,039 A
Production quantity518,930 A620,305 A659,628 A594,352 A511,852 A
Yield9,331 Fc9,550 Fc9,522 Fc9,667 Fc9,712 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested556,110 A649,509 A692,707 A614,811 A527,039 A
Production quantity311,385 A358,936 A394,018 A334,452 A284,323 A
Yield5,599 Fc5,526 Fc5,688 Fc5,440 Fc5,395 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested556,110 A649,509 A692,707 A614,811 A527,039 A
Production quantity111,232 A137,427 A143,456 A130,634 A109,522 A
Yield2,000 Fc2,116 Fc2,071 Fc2,125 Fc2,078 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested2,547 Im2,531 Im2,516 Im2,500 Im2,463 Im
Production quantity39,198 Im38,930 Im38,662 Im38,394 Im37,762 Im
Yield153,899 Fc153,813 Fc153,665 Fc153,576 Fc153,317 Fc
OrangesArea harvested888 Im892 Im896 Im900 Im904 Im
Production quantity3,922 Im3,910 Im3,899 Im3,888 Im3,850 Im
Yield44,167 Fc43,834 Fc43,516 Fc43,200 Fc42,588 Fc
PearsArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Peas, greenArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested11 Im11 Im21 Im37 Im59 Im
Production quantity9 Im9 Im18 Im32 Im51 Im
Yield8,182 Fc8,182 Fc8,571 Fc8,649 Fc8,644 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested2,0161,8091,0041,3042,993
Production quantity38,78613,54631,75024,42845,902
Yield192,391 Fc74,881 Fc316,235 Fc187,331 Fc153,365 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested66,026 Im65,324 Im64,621 Im63,920 Im63,259 Im
Production quantity32,145 Im31,811 Im31,477 Im31,143 Im30,616 Im
Yield4,869 Fc4,870 Fc4,871 Fc4,872 Fc4,840 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested66,026 A65,324 A64,621 A63,920 A63,259 A
Production quantity32,145 A31,811 A31,477 A31,143 A30,616 A
Yield4,869 Fc4,870 Fc4,871 Fc4,872 Fc4,840 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested24,57630,29729,57522,08717,907
Production quantity29,58443,06338,42326,67525,514
Yield12,038 Fc14,214 Fc12,992 Fc12,077 Fc14,248 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity19,733 Fc28,723 Fc25,628 Fc17,792 Fc17,018 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested156,226 A177,584 A162,877 A154,161 A92,506 A
Production quantity4,184,706 A4,299,126 A3,933,608 A2,478,405 A1,117,002 A
Yield267,862 Fc242,090 Fc241,508 Fc160,767 Fc120,749 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested88,748106,881105,352129,599126,803
Production quantity72,50888,21989,293111,902103,889
Yield8,170 Fc8,254 Fc8,476 Fc8,634 Fc8,193 Fc
SorghumArea harvested8,30920,15927,46926,67310,099
Production quantity6,68413,13017,33714,1068,123
Yield8,044 Fc6,513 Fc6,311 Fc5,288 Fc8,043 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested196,287191,930225,359137,814112,062
Production quantity281,389302,720351,416267,490226,323
Yield14,336 Fc15,772 Fc15,594 Fc19,409 Fc20,196 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested1,094 Im1,163 Im1,334 Im1,634 Im2,200 Im
Production quantity1,213 Im1,258 Im1,406 Im1,678 Im2,179 Im
Yield11,088 Fc10,817 Fc10,540 Fc10,269 Fc9,905 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested48,336 Im44,782 Im44,734 Im43,259 Im42,434 Im
Production quantity4,994,302 Im4,630,000 F4,628,032 Im4,478,332 Im4,400,000 F
Yield1,033,247 Fc1,033,898 Fc1,034,567 Fc1,035,237 Fc1,036,904 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested48,336 A44,782 A44,734 A43,259 A42,434 A
Production quantity4,994,302 A4,630,000 A4,628,032 A4,478,332 A4,400,000 A
Yield1,033,247 Fc1,033,898 Fc1,034,567 Fc1,035,237 Fc1,036,904 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested62,59291,21999,384115,91664,507
Production quantity34,20847,59450,22061,07234,726
Yield5,465 Fc5,218 Fc5,053 Fc5,269 Fc5,383 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested27,34158,05954,28766,95833,766
Production quantity109,336183,280206,676231,881118,330
Yield39,990 Fc31,568 Fc38,071 Fc34,631 Fc35,044 Fc
TeaArea harvested686 Im679 Im671 Im663 Im658 Im
Production quantity973 Im961 Im948 Im935 Im937 Im
Yield14,184 Fc14,153 Fc14,128 Fc14,103 Fc14,240 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested88,482 Im85,443 Im82,334 Im79,154 Im79,255 Im
Production quantity153,839 Im146,896 Im139,953 Im133,009 Im134,282 Im
Yield17,386 Fc17,192 Fc16,998 Fc16,804 Fc16,943 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested2,661 Im2,658 Im2,654 Im2,651 Im2,660 Im
Production quantity26,108 Im26,076 Im26,044 Im26,013 Im25,990 Im
Yield98,113 Fc98,104 Fc98,131 Fc98,125 Fc97,707 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested57,457 A56,889 A56,313 A55,729 A54,927 A
Production quantity467,712 A460,540 A453,368 A446,197 A437,960 A
Yield81,402 Fc80,954 Fc80,509 Fc80,065 Fc79,735 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested52,249 Im51,700 Im51,143 Im50,578 Im49,804 Im
Production quantity402,406 Im395,534 Im388,662 Im381,790 Im374,208 Im
Yield77,017 Fc76,506 Fc75,995 Fc75,485 Fc75,136 Fc
WheatArea harvested22,70621,67526,74124,17031,137
Production quantity151,850114,463193,713159,533214,230
Yield66,877 Fc52,809 Fc72,440 Fc66,005 Fc68,802 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea23,836 Fm23,836 Fm23,836 Fm23,836 Fm23,836 Fm
AgricultureArea23,836 Fc23,836 Fc23,836 Fc23,836 Fc23,836 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea1 I5 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1 I8 I8 I8 I8 I
Arable landArea3,800 Fm3,800 Fm3,800 Fm3,800 Fm3,800 Fm
Country areaArea75,261 W75,261 W75,261 Q75,261 Q75,261 Q
CroplandArea3,836 Fm3,836 Fm3,836 Fm3,836 Fm3,836 Fm
Forest landArea45,190 Q45,379 Q45,567 Q45,755 Q45,943 Fm
Inland watersArea922 Fm922 Fm922 Fm922 Fm922 Fm
Land areaArea74,339 Fm74,339 Fm74,339 Fm74,339 Fm74,339 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea156 Fm156 Fm156 Fm156 Fm156 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea36 Fm36 Fm36 Fm36 Fm36 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea45,138 Fm45,326 Fm45,514 Fm45,702 Fm45,890 Fm
Other landArea5,313 Fc5,124 Fc4,936 Fc4,748 Fc4,560 Fc
Planted ForestArea53 Q53 Q53 Q53 Q53 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area8 I
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.