Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Zambia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Zambia
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 753,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 11,919,870
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$770
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$9,237,074,944
  • GDP: US$11,363,341,312
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,246,677,760

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Widespread Native Milliano, 1992.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present EPPO, 2014; Angus, 1965; Frederickson, 1990; De Milliano et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Thakur and King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Introduced NoOhler, 1979; Shomari, 1996; Mniu, 1998; Nayar, 1998.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Present EPPO, 2014; Seif and Hillocks, 1993; UK CAB International, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Rees and Webber, 1988; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Javaid and Ashraf, 1978; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Tanner and Van Ginkel, 1987; Mukwavi et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced NHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Javaid et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Native NoMunro, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Present Javaid, 1986; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby) Present Introduced FAO-DIAS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present Introduced FAO-DIAS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present Sohati et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Pinhey, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesNorris and Norris, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present NHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced NoLoyttyniemi, 1979; Selander and Bubala, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012; CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; Williams, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Present Chakupurakal et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present NHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Widespread Griffini, 1897; Uvarov, 1923b; Lewin, 1933; Uvarov, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge) Present CIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Chakupurakal et al., 1994; Zeddies et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Ivory, 1977; Loyttyniemi, 1983; Selander and Bubala, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesSkakachite & Chenduauka, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced YesHentonnen and Huner , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Widespread Introduced Hodges and Pike, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977; Hindmarsh and MacDonald, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced IPPC, 2017d; Abrahams et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Introduced Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present IPPC, 2016b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoBeaver and Loyttyniemi, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo) Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoBeveridge and Haylor, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFAO, 1996; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoThys van den Audenaerde DFE, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced YesLosse, 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) No information available Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Thys van den Audenaerde DFE, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Schwank, 1995; Tweddle, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Localised Introduced YesAudenaerde Tden, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish) Present Native SAIAB, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesDowsett et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) No information available Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Thys Audenaerde DFEvan den, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Martin, 1958; Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Keetch and Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Anon., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Keetch and Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Raemaekers and Patel, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present NoMsuya et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Dyer et al., 1963; Johns, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Lawton, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Introduced YesMitchell and Tur, 1975; ISSG, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Kuntashula and Mafongoya, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Present Native ILDIS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native Aubrey and Reynolds , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Widespread Introduced YesVernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Widespread Verma, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoVernon, undated.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Restricted distribution Native NoPhilcox, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Townsend, 1988; PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoGrubben, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Townsend, 1988; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora Zambesiaca, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced Aluka African Plants, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Flora Zambesiaca, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Brenan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Brenan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Native Wild, 1960; Elffers et al., 1964; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Wilson, 1981; Vernon, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Vernon, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Goncalves, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Chisowa et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1977; Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Zambian Alien Invasive Species, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Vernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australe Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Bolnick, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Vernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Parker, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Restricted distribution YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Wild, 1961; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native Clayton, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesBennett, 1972; Hill, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Native NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Widespread Introduced YesLisowski, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) GBIF, 2013; The Plant List, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Vernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Martins, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Vernon, 1983; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Pieterse, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Introduced Brundu and Camarda, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced NoWickens, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Native ISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Native Bingham et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced Holden et al., 1988; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native Bingham et al., 2016; Howard et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoVernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced YesLeavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Jeffrey, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced YesECZ, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Pickering and Roe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Vernon, 1983; Bolnick, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesBingham et al., 2013; Exell, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Widespread Native YesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Kativu & Mithen, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979; Diop, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990; Mielcarek, 1996; EAH, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1977; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced Kew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Widespread Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Anon., 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Vernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Introduced Lock, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Widespread Native Jamnadass et al., 2005; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Widespread Terry and Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Native NoICRAF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Hepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Verboom and, 1973; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Vernon, 1983; Terry and Michieka, 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced Grubben and Denton, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced YesMuoghalu and Chuba, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Native NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Launert, 1963; Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Vernon, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced YesNyoka, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoPeirce, 1984.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolense Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present Gondwe et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2010. Anon., 1981
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004g; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Toler et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present Anon., 1983; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Ndunguru and Kapooria, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2012; OIE, 2004b.
African swine fever Restricted distribution OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Jongejan et al., 1988; Ahmadu et al., 1997; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; , 1971; Tuchili et al., 1993; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009; Hasegawa et al., 1999.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012; Jongejan et al., 1988.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009; Mweene et al., 1996.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Ghirotti et al., 1991.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Scott, 1989.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011; Pandey et al., 1999.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesJames, 1947.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available Munang'andu et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium septicum bacteraemia Present Munang'andu et al., 1996.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Hunter et al., 1992; Amadi et al., 2001; Amadi et al., 2002; Zulu et al., 2002.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Ngoma et al., 1993.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004g; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004g.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; CCTA, 1966.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
leptospirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available Chintu and Bathirunathan, 1975; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012; MacDonald, 1931.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009; Pandey et al., 1987.
Pasteurella multocida infections Widespread Francis et al., 1980.
peste des petits ruminants Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoPeirce, 1984.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Sinyangwe, 1992; Mweene et al., 1996.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox OIE, 2012.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria parva infections Present Sempebwa-Serugo, 1977.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009; Stafford et al., 1992.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Artichokes Production Quantity 706 Im 750 F 732 Im 613 Im 636 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 159 Im 210 F 200 F 187 Im 180 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 628 Im 720 F 690 F 650 F 623 Im
Bananas Yield 39496.9 Fc 34285.7 Fc 34500 Fc 34759.4 Fc 34611.1 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2493 Im 2600 F 1400 F 1220 F 1220 F
Barley Production Quantity 2233 Im 2500 F 1350 F 1150 F 1150 F
Barley Yield 8957.08 Fc 9615.38 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9426.23 Fc 9426.23 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 203319 Im 198000 F 200000 F 205000 * 183000 F
Cassava Production Quantity 1266300 Im 1151700 1160850 1185600 1059890
Cassava Yield 62281.4 Fc 58166.7 Fc 58042.5 Fc 57834.2 Fc 57917.5 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1170690 A 1220950 A 1061380 A 638265 A 681175 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2746030 A 3080420 A 2182580 A 1385900 A 1529880 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 36336 A 36336 A 37171.8 A 32608.8 A 18996.3 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23456.4 Fc 25229.6 Fc 20563.5 Fc 21713.6 Fc 22459.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1170690 A 1220950 A 1061380 A 638265 A 681175 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2761390 A 3097620 A 2196540 A 1393900 A 1535980 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 36336 A 36336 A 37171.8 A 32608.8 A 18996.3 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 23587.6 Fc 25370.5 Fc 20695.1 Fc 21838.9 Fc 22548.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 432 Im 574 Im 697 Im 800 F 800 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 555 Im 796 Im 950 F 995 * 1237 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 12847.2 Fc 13867.6 Fc 13629.8 Fc 12437.5 Fc 15462.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 945 A 910 A 900 A 868 A 860 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4320 A 3500 A 2180 A 3462 A 3467 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 45714.3 Fc 38461.5 Fc 24222.2 Fc 39884.8 Fc 40313.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1105570 A 1162870 A 1001510 A 609504 A 650232 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2561430 A 2873710 A 1959160 A 1256640 A 1401820 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 32225.9 A 32225.9 A 33756.9 A 28841.8 A 17390.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 23168.3 Fc 24712.1 Fc 19562.1 Fc 20617.3 Fc 21558.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 8390 Im 7100 F 6900 F 6400 F 5600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8659 Im 6500 F 4889 Im 5869 Im 5100 F
Coffee, green Yield 10320.6 Fc 9154.93 Fc 7085.51 Fc 9170.31 Fc 9107.14 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 35000 F 35000 F 44000 * 41000 F 46000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 70500 F 70500 F 90000 F 83500 F 92500 F
Cottonseed Seed 3600 Fc 3600 Fc 3600 Fc 2914.32 Fc 2509.74 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 115761 A 120000 A 97144 A 83658 A 74347 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 35000 A 35000 A 44000 A 41000 A 46000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3023.47 Fc 2916.67 Fc 4529.36 Fc 4900.91 Fc 6187.2 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24946 A 24420 A 24126 A 23200 A 22991 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 111094 A 112220 A 118453 A 111490 A 111630 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 44533.8 Fc 45954.1 Fc 49097.7 Fc 48056 Fc 48553.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5423 Im 5300 F 5213 Im 5014 Im 4970 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 24571 Im 25000 F 26253 Im 24389 Im 24426 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 45308.9 Fc 47169.8 Fc 50360.6 Fc 48641.8 Fc 49146.9 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 18419 Im 18000 F 17813 Im 17131 Im 16981 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 81575 Im 83000 F 89330 Im 82989 Im 83114 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 44288.5 Fc 46111.1 Fc 50148.8 Fc 48443.8 Fc 48945.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 240000 * 254566 204073 121375 124578
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 174728 Im 163733 120564 70527 60000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 23760 Fc 23760 Fc 23760 Fc 19019.1 Fc 12689.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7280.33 Fc 6431.85 Fc 5907.89 Fc 5810.67 Fc 4816.26 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1036080 Im 1080560 911942 539877 585291
Maize Production Quantity 2496430 Im 2795480 1887010 1211570 1366160
Maize Seed 31082.3 Fc 31082.3 Fc 32416.7 Fc 27358.3 Fc 16196.3 Fc
Maize Yield 24095 Fc 25870.7 Fc 20692.2 Fc 22441.6 Fc 23341.5 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 39282 50806 55951 34870 44294
Millet Production Quantity 38000 F 47997 48967 33934 21707
Millet Seed 589.23 Fc 589.23 Fc 762.09 Fc 839.27 Fc 523.05 Fc
Millet Yield 9673.64 Fc 9447.11 Fc 8751.76 Fc 9731.57 Fc 4900.66 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 420761 A 451670 A 391634 A 255732 A 256563 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 125782 A 142981 A 139131 A 109871 A 117786 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 11934.8 A 11934.8 A 12760 A 10711 A 7676.88 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2989.38 Fc 3165.61 Fc 3552.58 Fc 4296.34 Fc 4590.93 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 420761 A 451670 A 391634 A 255732 A 256563 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 77518.4 A 78612.1 A 71566.9 A 47578.2 A 46405.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 8281 A 8281 A 8448.45 A 7023.44 A 4729.45 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1842.34 Fc 1740.48 Fc 1827.39 Fc 1860.47 Fc 1808.74 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2486 Im 2000 F 1925 F 1900 F 1855 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 37830 Im 29000 F 28500 F 28348 Im 28294 Im
Onions, dry Yield 152172 Fc 145000 Fc 148052 Fc 149200 Fc 152528 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 945 Im 910 F 900 F 868 Im 860 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 4320 Im 3500 F 2180 Im 3462 Im 3467 Im
Oranges Yield 45714.3 Fc 38461.5 Fc 24222.2 Fc 39884.8 Fc 40313.9 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 51 Im 60 Im 61 Im 66 Im 80 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6375 Fc 7500 Fc 7625 Fc 8250 Fc 10000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1341 Im 1414 1233 1009 1100 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 21235 Im 22939 21285 10196 14500 F
Potatoes Seed 1341 Fc 1341 Fc 1414 Fc 1233 Fc 1009 Fc
Potatoes Yield 158352 Fc 162228 Fc 172628 Fc 101051 Fc 131818 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 62212 Im 58000 F 56000 F 50000 F 49000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 30172 Im 27000 F 27882 Im 23911 Im 23500 F
Pulses, nes Seed 4976.96 Fc 4976.96 Fc 4640 Fc 4480 Fc 4000 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4849.87 Fc 4655.17 Fc 4978.93 Fc 4782.2 Fc 4795.92 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 62212 A 58000 A 56000 A 50000 A 49000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30172 A 27000 A 27882 A 23911 A 23500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4976.96 A 4976.96 A 4640 A 4480 A 4000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4849.87 Fc 4655.17 Fc 4978.93 Fc 4782.2 Fc 4795.92 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 27490 30788 25582 17367 * 12110
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 46130 * 51656 41929 24023 18317
Rice, paddy Seed 1099.6 Fc 1099.6 Fc 1231.52 Fc 1023.28 Fc 694.68 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 16780.7 Fc 16778 Fc 16390 Fc 13832.6 Fc 15125.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 217526 A 214414 A 214233 A 213309 A 189300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1524150 A 1427510 A 1382590 A 1302320 A 1150050 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1341 A 1341 A 1414 A 1233 A 1009 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 70067.3 Fc 66577.1 Fc 64536.5 Fc 61053.2 Fc 60753 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 115761 Im 120000 F 97144 83658 74347
Seed cotton Production Quantity 114185 Im 107000 F 135500 F 126000 F 140000 F
Seed cotton Yield 9863.86 Fc 8916.67 Fc 13948.4 Fc 15061.3 Fc 18830.6 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 27718 Im 28908 32212 33537 19427
Sorghum Production Quantity 24765 Im 27732 21829 9982 12800
Sorghum Seed 554.36 Fc 554.36 Fc 578.16 Fc 644.24 Fc 670.74 Fc
Sorghum Yield 8934.63 Fc 9593.19 Fc 6776.67 Fc 2976.41 Fc 6588.77 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 10000 * 25500 F 25000 F 23928 34468
Soybeans Production Quantity 13000 * 41000 F 40000 F 43715 55194
Soybeans Seed 700 Fc 700 Fc 1785 Fc 1750 Fc 1674.96 Fc
Soybeans Yield 13000 Fc 16078.4 Fc 16000 Fc 18269.4 Fc 16013.1 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2852 Im 3788 Im 4600 F 5100 F 6000 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 2778 Im 3406 Im 3401 Im 3517 Im 4290 Im
Spices, nes Yield 9740.53 Fc 8991.55 Fc 7393.48 Fc 6896.08 Fc 7150 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 33000 F 33000 F 30500 F 19500 F 24000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 3500000 F 3500000 F 3200000 F 2050000 F 2430000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1060610 Fc 1060610 Fc 1049180 Fc 1051280 Fc 1012500 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 55000 * 51604 65417 26771 23170
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 28000 * 26420 33653 12662 8953
Sunflower seed Seed 1100 Fc 1100 Fc 1032.08 Fc 1308.34 Fc 535.42 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 5090.91 Fc 5119.76 Fc 5144.38 Fc 4729.74 Fc 3864.05 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 12866 Im 15000 F 13000 F 7300 F 5200 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 236611 Im 252867 200450 106523 75664
Sweet potatoes Yield 183904 Fc 168578 Fc 154192 Fc 145922 Fc 145508 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 638 Im 583 Im 537 Im 533 Im 506 Im
Tea Production Quantity 878 Im 941 Im 797 Im 837 Im 877 Im
Tea Yield 13761.8 Fc 16140.7 Fc 14841.7 Fc 15703.6 Fc 17332 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 58955 Im 59988 60778 62877 23928
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 60329 Im 59338 Im 65704 Im 64066 Im 61759 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10233.1 Fc 9891.64 Fc 10810.5 Fc 10189.1 Fc 25810.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2785 Im 2700 F 2550 F 2200 F 2365 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 19741 Im 26000 F 25000 F 20966 Im 23000 F
Tomatoes Yield 70883.3 Fc 96296.3 Fc 98039.2 Fc 95300 Fc 97251.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 47704 Im 50000 F 45079 Im 42055 Im 40000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 360113 Im 310179 Im 275859 Im 320402 Im 315000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 75489.1 Fc 62035.8 Fc 61194.6 Fc 76186.4 Fc 78750 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 52975 A 54700 A 49554 A 46155 A 44220 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 418390 A 365929 A 330091 A 370329 A 366930 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 78978.8 Fc 66897.4 Fc 66612.4 Fc 80235.9 Fc 82978.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 52975 A 54700 A 49554 A 46155 A 44220 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 418390 A 365929 A 330091 A 370329 A 366930 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 78978.8 Fc 66897.4 Fc 66612.4 Fc 80235.9 Fc 82978.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 37631 27291 34296 11394 18833
Wheat Production Quantity 153829 Im 172256 195456 113242 115843
Wheat Seed 3010.48 Fc 3010.48 Fc 2183.28 Fc 2743.68 Fc 911.52 Fc
Wheat Yield 40878.3 Fc 63118.2 Fc 56990.9 Fc 99387.4 Fc 61510.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Artichokes Production Quantity 575 Im 459 Im 502 Im 482 Im 406 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 220 F 272 Im 268 Im 329 Im 311 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 700 F 777 Im 900 F 753 Im 850 F
Bananas Yield 31818.2 Fc 28566.2 Fc 33582.1 Fc 22887.5 Fc 27331.2 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2580 F 1315 F 1250 F 1700 F 2450 F
Barley Production Quantity 2450 F 1250 F 1200 F 1600 F 2300 F
Barley Yield 9496.12 Fc 9505.7 Fc 9600 Fc 9411.76 Fc 9387.76 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 183000 F 180000 165000 165000 158968 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 1059890 1056000 957000 957000 918016 Im
Cassava Yield 57917.5 Fc 58666.7 Fc 58000 Fc 58000 Fc 57748.5 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 883238 A 560549 A 759524 A 801700 A 531950 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1599330 A 1061460 A 1373790 A 1360100 A 750471 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 20602.7 A 26105.3 A 17176.3 A 22242.9 A 23890 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 18107.5 Fc 18936.1 Fc 18087.5 Fc 16965.2 Fc 14107.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 883238 A 560549 A 759524 A 801700 A 531950 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1603980 A 1065900 A 1379510 A 1365260 A 754966 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 20602.7 A 26105.3 A 17176.3 A 22242.9 A 23890 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 18160.2 Fc 19015.4 Fc 18162.9 Fc 17029.6 Fc 14192.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 802 Im 703 Im 804 Im 799 Im 800 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 900 F 727 Im 850 F 1185 Im 900 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 11222 Fc 10341.4 Fc 10572.1 Fc 14831 Fc 11250 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 850 A 847 A 950 A 1063 A 1042 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3500 A 3394 A 3600 A 3800 A 3700 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 41176.5 Fc 40070.8 Fc 37894.7 Fc 35747.9 Fc 35508.6 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 851780 A 528148 A 733481 A 769700 A 509450 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1496060 A 915734 A 1279470 A 1214760 A 666466 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 18611.7 A 24163 A 14999 A 20659.5 A 21770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 17563.9 Fc 17338.6 Fc 17443.8 Fc 15782.3 Fc 13082.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 5306 Im 5000 F 5500 F 6989 Im 7000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 5033 Im 4500 * 5000 F 6060 * 6480 *
Coffee, green Yield 9485.49 Fc 9000 Fc 9090.91 Fc 8670.77 Fc 9257.14 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 38500 F 46850 F 37950 F 31350 F 25700 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 78500 F 93850 F 75900 F 64650 F 51900 F
Cottonseed Seed 2230.41 Fc 3000 Fc 3890.01 Fc 3000 Fc 2430 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 100000 A 129667 A 100000 A 81000 A 66000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 38500 A 46850 A 37950 A 31350 A 25700 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3850 Fc 3613.1 Fc 3795 Fc 3870.37 Fc 3893.94 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24030 A 22413 A 22442 A 23324 A 22161 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 112757 A 105671 A 103500 A 105053 A 104050 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 46923.4 Fc 47147.2 Fc 46118.9 Fc 45040.7 Fc 46951.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5198 Im 4821 Im 4805 Im 4965 Im 4183 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 24657 Im 24500 F 24000 F 24500 F 24000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 47435.6 Fc 50819.3 Fc 49948 Fc 49345.4 Fc 57375.1 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 17762 Im 16473 Im 16419 Im 16967 Im 16625 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 83900 Im 77000 F 75000 F 76000 F 75500 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 47235.7 Fc 46743.2 Fc 45678.8 Fc 44792.8 Fc 45413.5 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 96400 * 108245 88000 * 88000 * 88000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 84010 74218 60000 * 60000 * 60000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc 11440 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8714.73 Fc 6856.48 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 750000 F 465832 631000 671000 430000 F
Maize Production Quantity 1424400 866187 1214000 1157860 606172
Maize Seed 17558.7 Fc 22500 Fc 13975 Fc 18930 Fc 20130 Fc
Maize Yield 18992 Fc 18594.4 Fc 19239.3 Fc 17255.7 Fc 14097 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 64200 F 39210 59028 60000 * 55000 F
Millet Production Quantity 48159 29583 39800 35000 * 41192
Millet Seed 664.41 Fc 963 Fc 588.15 Fc 885.42 Fc 900 Fc
Millet Yield 7501.4 Fc 7544.76 Fc 6742.56 Fc 5833.33 Fc 7489.45 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 253575 A 289919 A 221500 A 194000 A 177000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 124684 A 115429 A 84699 A 69011.5 A 60139 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 7608.59 A 8350.48 A 8380.57 A 7041.25 A 6280.5 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4917.05 Fc 3981.42 Fc 3823.88 Fc 3557.29 Fc 3397.68 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 253575 A 289919 A 221500 A 194000 A 177000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 54320.9 A 48707.3 A 38154 A 33784 A 31204 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4413.16 A 4566.4 A 4630.46 A 4268.1 A 4069.8 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2142.2 Fc 1680.03 Fc 1722.53 Fc 1741.44 Fc 1762.94 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1800 F 1953 Im 2107 Im 2000 F 2176 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 27000 F 25599 Im 31000 F 30000 F 27404 Im
Onions, dry Yield 150000 Fc 131075 Fc 147129 Fc 150000 Fc 125938 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 850 F 847 Im 950 F 1063 Im 1042 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 3500 F 3394 Im 3600 F 3800 F 3700 F
Oranges Yield 41176.5 Fc 40070.8 Fc 37894.7 Fc 35747.9 Fc 35508.6 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 80 F 199 Im 160 F 165 F 160 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 60 F 160 Im 145 F 155 F 150 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 7500 Fc 8040.2 Fc 9062.5 Fc 9393.94 Fc 9375 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1000 F 973 1124 Im 1000 F 1020 Im
Potatoes Production Quantity 14000 F 14035 14152 Im 14000 F 13000 F
Potatoes Seed 1100 Fc 1000 Fc 973 Fc 1124 Fc 1000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 140000 Fc 144245 Fc 125907 Fc 140000 Fc 127451 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 48500 F 48000 F 48509 44000 F 41000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 23000 F 22500 F 22675 20500 F 19000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 3920 Fc 3880 Fc 3840 Fc 3880.72 Fc 3520 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4742.27 Fc 4687.5 Fc 4674.39 Fc 4659.09 Fc 4634.15 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 48500 A 48000 A 48509 A 44000 A 41000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23000 A 22500 A 22675 A 20500 A 19000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3920 A 3880 A 3840 A 3880.72 A 3520 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4742.27 Fc 4687.5 Fc 4674.39 Fc 4659.09 Fc 4634.15 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 14358 10368 12500 F 11000 F 10500 F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 13964 13337 17189 15500 F 13500 F
Rice, paddy Seed 484.4 Fc 574.32 Fc 414.72 Fc 500 Fc 440 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 9725.59 Fc 12863.6 Fc 13751.2 Fc 14090.9 Fc 12857.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 191000 A 185473 A 170424 A 169600 A 163409 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1175180 A 1136960 A 1035150 A 1024000 A 989180 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1100 A 1000 A 973 A 1124 A 1000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 61527.6 Fc 61300.6 Fc 60739.6 Fc 60377.4 Fc 60534 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 100000 F 129667 100000 F 81000 F 66000 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 118426 142160 115000 F 98000 F 79200 F
Seed cotton Yield 11842.6 Fc 10963.5 Fc 11500 Fc 12098.8 Fc 12000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 35000 F 21791 42203 37000 F 22000 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 21047 18714 24466 20300 16802
Sorghum Seed 388.54 Fc 700 Fc 435.82 Fc 844.06 Fc 740 Fc
Sorghum Yield 6013.43 Fc 8587.95 Fc 5797.22 Fc 5486.49 Fc 7637.27 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 42175 34000 F 18500 F 10000 * 8000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 57815 45000 F 24000 F 12000 * 9000 *
Soybeans Seed 2412.76 Fc 2952.25 Fc 2380 Fc 1295 Fc 700 Fc
Soybeans Yield 13708.4 Fc 13235.3 Fc 12973 Fc 12000 Fc 11250 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 4500 F 4300 F 4531 Im 4500 F 3728 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 3200 F 3000 F 3550 Im 3200 F 2476 Im
Spices, nes Yield 7111.11 Fc 6976.74 Fc 7834.92 Fc 7111.11 Fc 6641.63 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 24000 F 22000 F 22500 F 22000 F 22000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2450000 F 2300000 F 2350000 F 2300000 F 2300000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1020830 Fc 1045450 Fc 1044440 Fc 1045450 Fc 1045450 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 15000 * 18007 15000 * 15000 * 15000 *
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 15003 8112 9000 * 8000 * 8000 *
Sunflower seed Seed 463.4 Fc 300 Fc 360.14 Fc 300 Fc 300 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10002 Fc 4504.91 Fc 6000 Fc 5333.33 Fc 5333.33 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 7000 F 4500 F 4300 F 3600 * 3421 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 101287 66926 63997 53000 * 58164 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 144696 Fc 148724 Fc 148830 Fc 147222 Fc 170020 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 500 F 568 Im 550 F 500 F 600 F
Tea Production Quantity 750 F 795 Im 800 F 701 Im 750 F
Tea Yield 15000 Fc 13996.5 Fc 14545.5 Fc 14020 Fc 12500 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 45000 F 26000 F 23000 F 15000 F 11600 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 48000 F 58211 37311 20035 13982
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10666.7 Fc 22388.8 Fc 16222.2 Fc 13356.7 Fc 12053.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2600 F 2786 Im 2730 F 2700 F 3018 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 25000 F 27000 F 25783 Im 26000 F 25000 F
Tomatoes Yield 96153.9 Fc 96913.1 Fc 94443.2 Fc 96296.3 Fc 82836.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 39479 Im 37000 F 39672 Im 36000 F 41134 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 300604 Im 240000 F 239607 Im 230000 F 213814 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 76142.8 Fc 64864.9 Fc 60397 Fc 63888.9 Fc 51979.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 43879 A 41739 A 44509 A 40700 A 46328 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 353179 A 293058 A 296892 A 286482 A 266624 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 80489.3 Fc 70212 Fc 66703.8 Fc 70388.7 Fc 57551.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 43879 A 41739 A 44509 A 40700 A 46328 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 353179 A 293058 A 296892 A 286482 A 266624 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 80489.3 Fc 70212 Fc 66703.8 Fc 70388.7 Fc 57551.4 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 17100 * 22033 13543 * 21000 F 12000 *
Wheat Production Quantity 93958 136833 82858 135000 * 75000 *
Wheat Seed 1506.64 Fc 1368 Fc 1762.64 Fc 1083.44 Fc 1680 Fc
Wheat Yield 54946.2 Fc 62103.7 Fc 61181.4 Fc 64285.7 Fc 62500 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 23435 Fm 23735 Fm 23385 Fm 23087 Fm 22984 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 4.85 I 4.85 I 3.5 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 2.46 I 2.46 I 0.1 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.31 I 7.31 I 3.6 I 2.5 I
Arable land Area 3400 Fm 3700 Fm 3350 Fm 3052 Fm 2949 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3435 Fm 3735 Fm 3385 Fm 3087 Fm 2984 Fm
Country area Area 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W
Forest area Area 49301.4 Fm 49468 Q 49634.6 Fm 49801.2 Fm 49967.8 Fm
Inland water Area 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm
Land area Area 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 Fm
Other land Area 1602.6 Fm 1136 Fm 1319.4 Fm 1450.8 Fm 1387.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 23048 Fm 22762 Fm 22897 Fm 22909 Fm 22616 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 2.4 I 2.9 I
Arable land Area 3013 Fm 2727 Fm 2862 Fm 2874 Fm 2582 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3048 Fm 2762 Fm 2897 Fm 2909 Fm 2616 Fm
Country area Area 75261 W 75261 W 75261 W 75261 Q 75261 Q
Forest area Area 50134.4 Fm 50301 Q 50467.6 Fm 50634.2 Fm 50800.8 Fm
Inland water Area 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm 922 Fm
Land area Area 74339 Fm 74339 Fm 74339 E 74339 Q 74339 Q
Other land Area 1156.6 Fm 1276 Fm 974.4 Fm 795.8 Fm 922.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 35 Fm 34 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm 20000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 Fm 156 F 156 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files