Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Samoa

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Datasheet

Samoa

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentGerlach (1988)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedWalker et al. (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan and Egan (1989); Magarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedMartin (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); APPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1966); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera kirkiPresentHeimoana et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)PresentHeimoana et al. (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentAnon (1981); Stechmann and Semisi (1984); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929); Beaver (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929); Beaver (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Williams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976); Williams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1999); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilson and Taylor (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentGerlach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedNishida (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentSakimura et al. (1986); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); Williams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929); Beaver (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929); Beaver (1976); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeeson (1929); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCase et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)Absent, Formerly presentBarun et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeWass (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedBell and Mulipola (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); ISSG (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSouth Pacific Commission (1979); Cowie (2000); Raut and Barker (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Absent, Intercepted onlyPESTNET (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadNativeStarmühlner (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentBridge (1988); Grandison (1996); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentOrton Williams (1980); Grandison (1996); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentOrton Williams (1980); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSkelton and South (1999); Skelton and South (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedDoty and Santos (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002); Space and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWhistler (1983); Sauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Waterhouse (1997); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Space and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); Krisnawati et al. (2011); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedWhistler (1988); Swarbrick (1997); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Rosecrance et al. (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2013); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentWhistler (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Whistler (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentWhistler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatumPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentNativeGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedOnwueme (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedBishop Museum (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentWhistler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedWhistler (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Space and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1997); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWhistler (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentInvasiveGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedGovaerts and Barker (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentParham (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentPIER (2017); Staples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum simplicifolium (Australian wax jasmine)PresentNativeGuillaumin (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCaius (1986); Meyer (2000); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveThaman (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentInvasiveHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania cordataPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2000); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987); Swarbrick (1989); Willson and Garcia (1992); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveReynolds (1981); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Waterhouse (1997); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWhistler (1983); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, WidespreadSauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentWhistler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGBIF (2015); Geesink (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentWhistler (1983); Sauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); Swarbrick (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedWhistler (1983); Sauerborn and Sauerborn (1984); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987); Whistler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentInvasiveWhistler (1983); Waterhouse (1997); Space and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedWhistler (1983); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentWhistler (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentWhistler (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Whistler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentThomson and Evans (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentFriday and Okano (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentNativeInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeSwezey (1942)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasivePearson and Grisoni (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveThomas et al. (1994); Diekmann and Putter (1996); EPPO (2020)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentMartin (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)CABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 41 Im 40 Im 42 Im 40 F 40 F
Avocados Production Quantity 1137 Im 1179 Im 1215 Im 1150 F 1150 F
Avocados Yield 277317 Fc 294750 Fc 289286 Fc 287500 Fc 287500 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 4244 Im 4376 Im 4546 Im 4605 Im 4400 F
Bananas Production Quantity 18734 Im 27921 Im 25000 F 22896 Im 23000 F
Bananas Yield 44142.3 Fc 63804.8 Fc 54993.4 Fc 49719.9 Fc 52272.7 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 33 Im 37 F 30 F 29 Im 30 F
Cassava Production Quantity 405 Im 458 Im 375 Im 346 Im 370 F
Cassava Yield 122727 Fc 123784 Fc 125000 Fc 119310 Fc 123333 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 143 Im 140 Im 145 Im 142 Im 140 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 683 Im 708 Im 729 Im 775 Im 690 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 47762.2 Fc 50571.4 Fc 50275.9 Fc 54577.5 Fc 49285.7 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143 A 140 A 145 A 142 A 140 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 683 A 708 A 729 A 775 A 690 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 47762.2 Fc 50571.4 Fc 50275.9 Fc 54577.5 Fc 49285.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2350 F 2350 F 2350 F 2350 F 2350 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 433 F 433 Im 622 Im 548 Im 530 F
Cocoa beans Yield 1842.55 Fc 1842.55 Fc 2646.81 Fc 2331.91 Fc 2255.32 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 26999 F 26999 Im 26719 Im 26591 Im 25926 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 178000 * 170000 * 170000 * 153000 * 140250 *
Coconuts Yield 65928.4 Fc 62965.3 Fc 63625.1 Fc 57538.3 Fc 54096.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12 F 12 Im 8 F 8 F 8 F
Coffee, green Yield 3428.57 Fc 3428.57 Fc 2285.71 Fc 2285.71 Fc 2285.71 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 400 F 400 Im 366 Im 283 Im 394 Im
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 400 A 400 A 366 A 283 A 394 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8643 A 8675 A 8997 A 8980 A 8698 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40530 A 50525 A 47952 A 46479 A 45456 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 46893.4 Fc 58242.1 Fc 53297.8 Fc 51758.3 Fc 52260.3 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 3688 Im 3604 Im 3745 Im 3666 Im 3607 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 8703 Im 9026 Im 9300 F 9376 Im 8351 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 23598.2 Fc 25044.4 Fc 24833.1 Fc 25575.6 Fc 23152.2 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 57 Im 56 Im 53 Im 51 F 50 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 27 Im 30 F 30 F 30 F 30 F
Maize, green Seed 1.43 Fc 1.43 Fc 1.4 Fc 1.33 Fc 1.28 Fc
Maize, green Yield 4736.84 Fc 5357.14 Fc 5660.38 Fc 5882.35 Fc 6000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 107 Im 105 Im 109 Im 108 Im 106 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 3610 Im 3744 Im 3858 Im 3982 Im 3547 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 337383 Fc 356571 Fc 353945 Fc 368704 Fc 334623 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 27486 A 27486 A 27200 A 27053 A 26312 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 14349.8 A 13709.8 A 13706.8 A 12331.2 A 11306.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5220.77 Fc 4987.92 Fc 5039.26 Fc 4558.16 Fc 4297.05 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 27486 A 27486 A 27200 A 27053 A 26312 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 23194.9 A 22154.9 A 22153.4 A 19935.6 A 18275.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 8438.81 Fc 8060.43 Fc 8144.63 Fc 7369.09 Fc 6945.77 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 487 F 487 Im 481 Im 462 Im 386 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 183 F 183 Im 178 Im 152 Im 144 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 3757.7 Fc 3757.7 Fc 3700.62 Fc 3290.04 Fc 3730.57 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 256 Im 250 Im 260 Im 254 Im 250 F
Papayas Production Quantity 3324 Im 3447 Im 3850 F 3800 F 3800 F
Papayas Yield 129844 Fc 137880 Fc 148077 Fc 149606 Fc 152000 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 17 F 17 F 17 F 15 F 15 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 9 F 9 Im 12 F 10 F 10 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 5294.12 Fc 5294.12 Fc 7058.82 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 164 Im 160 F 150 F 165 Im 155 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 4339 Im 4500 F 4000 P 4500 P 4918 Im
Pineapples Yield 264573 Fc 281250 Fc 266667 Fc 272727 Fc 317290 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 366 Im 414 Im 371 Im 478 Im 386 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2748 Im 3111 Im 2885 Im 3384 Im 2989 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 75082 Fc 75144.9 Fc 77762.8 Fc 70795 Fc 77435.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4508 A 5101 A 4831 A 4797 A 4686 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 24355 A 27569 A 26461 A 25119 A 26226 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 54026.2 Fc 54046.3 Fc 54773.3 Fc 52364 Fc 55966.7 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 104 F 104 Im 135 Im 100 F 100 F
Spices, nes Yield 10400 Fc 10400 Fc 13500 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 12 F 12 F 12 F 12 F 12 F
Sugar cane Yield 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 3535 Im 4000 F 3800 F 3700 F 3700 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 18552 Im 21000 F 20248 18634 20175
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 52480.9 Fc 52500 Fc 53284.2 Fc 50362.2 Fc 54527 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 45 F 45 F 45 F 45 F 45 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 207 F 207 F 207 Im 155 Im 160 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 46000 Fc 46000 Fc 46000 Fc 34444.4 Fc 35555.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 964 Im 940 Im 884 Im 845 Im 974 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1114 Im 1278 Im 1266 Im 1179 Im 1188 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 11556 Fc 13595.7 Fc 14321.3 Fc 13952.7 Fc 12197.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1021 A 996 A 937 A 896 A 1024 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1141 A 1308 A 1296 A 1209 A 1218 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 1.43 A 1.43 A 1.4 A 1.33 A 1.28 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 11175.3 Fc 13132.5 Fc 13831.4 Fc 13493.3 Fc 11894.5 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1021 A 996 A 937 A 896 A 1024 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1141 A 1308 A 1296 A 1209 A 1218 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 1.43 A 1.43 A 1.4 A 1.33 A 1.28 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 11175.3 Fc 13132.5 Fc 13831.4 Fc 13493.3 Fc 11894.5 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 574 Im 650 F 630 F 590 F 570 F
Yams Production Quantity 2650 Im 3000 F 2953 2755 2692
Yams Yield 46167.3 Fc 46153.8 Fc 46873 Fc 46694.9 Fc 47228.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F
Avocados Production Quantity 1000 F 1519 Im 1466 Im 1399 Im 1088 Im
Avocados Yield 285714 Fc 434000 Fc 418857 Fc 399714 Fc 310857 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 4350 F 3541 Im 3712 Im 3643 Im 4300
Bananas Production Quantity 22000 F 18267 Im 17670 Im 18148 Im 21500
Bananas Yield 50574.7 Fc 51587.1 Fc 47602.4 Fc 49816.1 Fc 50000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 25 F 26 Im 24 F 24 F 26 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 310 F 352 Im 353 Im 334 Im 343 Im
Cassava Yield 124000 Fc 135385 Fc 147083 Fc 139167 Fc 131923 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 166 Im 160 Im 157 Im 151 Im 154 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 502 Im 533 Im 509 Im 466 Im 489 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 30241 Fc 33312.5 Fc 32420.4 Fc 30860.9 Fc 31753.3 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 166 A 160 A 157 A 151 A 154 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 502 A 533 A 509 A 466 A 489 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 30241 Fc 33312.5 Fc 32420.4 Fc 30860.9 Fc 31753.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F 2300 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 723 Im 690 Im 565 Im 625 Im 597 Im
Cocoa beans Yield 3143.48 Fc 3000 Fc 2456.52 Fc 2717.39 Fc 2595.65 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 25617 Im 25000 F 24000 F 20340 Im 20540 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 153000 * 153000 * 148000 * 106612 Im 109909 Im
Coconuts Yield 59726 Fc 61200 Fc 61666.7 Fc 52414.9 Fc 53509.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F 32 Im
Coffee, green Production Quantity 4 Im 6 Im 5 Im 8 F 8 F
Coffee, green Yield 1142.86 Fc 1714.29 Fc 1428.57 Fc 2285.71 Fc 2500 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 531 Im 560 Im 437 Im 474 Im 616 Im
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 531 A 560 A 437 A 474 A 616 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8458 A 7611 A 8341 A 8062 A 8821 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 45221 A 44790 A 43138 A 41007 A 45450 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 53465.4 Fc 58849 Fc 51718 Fc 50864.6 Fc 51524.8 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 3417 Im 3300 F 3885 Im 3725 Im 3799 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 9419 Im 10000 F 10932 Im 10006 Im 10506 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 27565.1 Fc 30303 Fc 28139 Fc 26861.7 Fc 27654.7 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 45 F 35 Im 40 F 40 F 33 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 25 F 14 Im 15 Im 14 Im 15 Im
Maize, green Seed 1.25 Fc 1.13 Fc 0.8800000000000001 Fc 1 Fc 1 Fc
Maize, green Yield 5555.56 Fc 4000 Fc 3750 Fc 3500 Fc 4545.45 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 100 F 125 F 113 Im 108 Im 110 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 4000 F 5000 F 3485 Im 3190 Im 3349 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 400000 Fc 400000 Fc 308407 Fc 295370 Fc 304455 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 26007 A 25371 A 24426 A 20731 A 20995 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12336 A 12354.6 A 11933 A 8622.56 A 8898.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4743.34 Fc 4869.58 Fc 4885.37 Fc 4159.26 Fc 4238.59 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 26007 A 25371 A 24426 A 20731 A 20995 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19938 A 19947.3 A 19286.5 A 13906.4 A 14341.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7666.4 Fc 7862.24 Fc 7895.89 Fc 6708 Fc 6830.8 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 390 Im 371 Im 426 Im 391 Im 455 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 160 Im 191 Im 155 Im 156 Im 177 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 4102.56 Fc 5148.25 Fc 3638.5 Fc 3989.77 Fc 3890.11 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 240 F 285 Im 279 Im 268 Im 273 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 3700 F 4271 Im 4076 Im 3731 Im 3918 Im
Papayas Yield 154167 Fc 149860 Fc 146093 Fc 139216 Fc 143516 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 10 F 7 F 7 F 8 F 8 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6666.67 Fc 4666.67 Fc 4666.67 Fc 5333.33 Fc 5333.33 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 150 F 165 Im 160 F 132 Im 150
Pineapples Production Quantity 4600 F 5200 F 5000 F 4067 Im 4600
Pineapples Yield 306667 Fc 315152 Fc 312500 Fc 308106 Fc 306667 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 411 Im 424 Im 413 Im 410 Im 425 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 3086 Im 3176 Im 3181 Im 3010 Im 3146 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 75085.2 Fc 74905.7 Fc 77021.8 Fc 73414.6 Fc 74023.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4546 A 4495 A 4377 A 4343 A 4501 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23546 A 25242 A 25285 A 23928 A 23089 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 51795 Fc 56155.7 Fc 57767.9 Fc 55095.6 Fc 51297.5 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F 100 F
Spices, nes Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 12 F 12 F 12 F 12 F 12 F
Sugar cane Yield 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 3550 F 3496 Im 3405 Im 3378 Im 3500
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 17500 F 19049 Im 19081 Im 18057 Im 17000
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 49295.8 Fc 54488 Fc 56038.2 Fc 53454.7 Fc 48571.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 40 F 40 F 40 F 40 F 40 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 191 Im 200 Im 203 Im 112 Im 150 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 47750 Fc 50000 Fc 50750 Fc 28000 Fc 37500 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1016 Im 1060 Im 1083 Im 1095 Im 1000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1213 Im 1167 Im 1244 Im 1138 Im 1100 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 11939 Fc 11009.4 Fc 11486.6 Fc 10392.7 Fc 11000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1061 A 1095 A 1123 A 1135 A 1033 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1238 A 1181 A 1259 A 1152 A 1115 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 1.25 A 1.13 A 0.8800000000000001 A 1 A 1 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 11668.2 Fc 10785.4 Fc 11211 Fc 10149.8 Fc 10793.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1061 A 1095 A 1123 A 1135 A 1033 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1238 A 1181 A 1259 A 1152 A 1115 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 1.25 A 1.13 A 0.8800000000000001 A 1 A 1 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 11668.2 Fc 10785.4 Fc 11211 Fc 10149.8 Fc 10793.8 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 560 F 549 Im 535 Im 531 Im 550
Yams Production Quantity 2650 F 2665 Im 2670 Im 2527 Im 2600
Yams Yield 47321.4 Fc 48542.8 Fc 49906.5 Fc 47589.4 Fc 47272.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 35 Fm 35 Fm 34.9 Fm 37 Fm 38.5 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 9.66 I 9.66 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.05 I 0.05 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 9.71 I 9.71 I 7.2 I 7.2 I
Arable land Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 7.9 Fm 9 Fm 10 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 30 Fm 30 Fm 29.9 Fm 32 Fm 34.5 Fm
Country area Area 284 W 284 W 284 W 284 W 284 W
Fallow land Area 1.2 W
Forest area Area 171 Fm 171 E 171 Fm 171 Fm 171 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 283 Fm 283 Fm 283 Fm 283 Fm 283 Fm
Other land Area 77 Fm 77 Fm 77.1 Fm 75 Fm 73.5 Fm
Permanent crops Area 22 Fm 22 Fm 22 Fm 23 Fm 24.5 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 4 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 40.2 Fm 42 Fm 43 Fm 45 Fm 47 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.2 I
Arable land Area 10.4 Fm 11 Fm 12 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 36.2 Fm 38 Fm 40 Fm 42 Fm 44 Fm
Country area Area 284 W 284 Q 284 Q 284 Q 284 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 171 Fm 171 Q 171 Fm 171 Fm 171 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 283 Fm 283 Fm 283 Fm 283 Q 283 Q
Other land Area 71.8 Fm 70 Fm 69 Fm 67 Fm 65 Fm
Permanent crops Area 25.8 Fm 27 Fm 28 Fm 29 Fm 31 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files