Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Uzbekistan

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Datasheet

Uzbekistan

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 34,915,100 (2021)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,960 (2021)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 68,583.88 (2021)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 69,238.90 (2021)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 24.98 (2021)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeKisseleva (1939)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994); Tursanov and Aliev (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentKonovalova et al. (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentCheremushkina et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentGrebennikov and Mukhanov (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedDanzig (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)Present, WidespreadHopper et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp)Present, LocalizedNativeBrowicz and Zohary (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Lebedev and Smetnik (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeInvasiveRakhmatullaev and Urmieva (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedIntroducedMordukhai-Boltovskoi (1979); Aladin et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentAustralian Government (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentAtadzhanov and Dubrovina (1977); Nabiev (1977); Atanov and Gummel' (1991); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentIntroducedDore and Frimodt (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentTurundaevskaya (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedCampos et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedAslan et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAndreyev and Andreyeva (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentAsanov (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveHouping and Haack (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentAsanov (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentZakhidov (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys sartus (city longhorn beetle)PresentKimsanboev et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeCarpenter and Kojima (1997); Archer (1998); Dubatolov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKamilov and Borisova (1966); Borisova (1972); Kamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995); Khurshut et al. (1996); Khurshut (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentMoheb et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USGS (2003); Courtenay and Williams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentNativeFAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeKamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKhurshut (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKamilov and Borisova (1966); Borisova (1971); Borisova (1972); Kamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995); Khurshut (2002); Khurshut and Rakhmatullaeva (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedSalikhov and Kamilov (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropercops cinctusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Absent, Formerly presentPinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Long (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Absent, Formerly presentBorisova (1972); Mitrofanov et al. (1992); Reshetnikov (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedKulikova et al. (2002); Clements et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008); ZipCodeZoo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995); Louette et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Makeeva (1974); Pavlovskaya and Sal'nikov (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeKhurshut (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Kamilov and Urchinov ZhU (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeDecksbach (1943); Korniushin (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentAnon (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentKhakimova (1978); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentAdylova and Vasilevskii (1983); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentKarimova (1973); Mavlyanov (1973); Karimova (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentAbdullaeva (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadMavlyanov (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadTikhonova (1957); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentAzizova (1970); Azizova (1972); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedOsmanov (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentTashmatov (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeKadereit and Freitag (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedVirtual Herbaria Austria (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper and Moerkerk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentĖgamberdiev and Suleĭmanov (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeGarnatje et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphiticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTselev and Fedorov (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLuneva (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Zhurakulor et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentNativeTrepl (1984); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeGigieniva and Umarov (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveITIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeTashmatov (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeMeusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentRakhimberdyeva and Shodiev (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2022); Callaway et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentTashpulatov et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentNativeKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentWang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentHudaikulov (1956); Vvedenski (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentNativeUSDA ARS (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeRoskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentTashmatov (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentKnierim et al. (2014)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentDavranov et al. (1979); Gorbunova et al. (1980); Gorbunov and Khalikulov (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); Sattorov et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Abdourashitov (1997); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedOsmanov (1971)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
camel poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1996); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadKovalenko et al. (2011)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentLan Thi Phuong Doan et al. (2003)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentStepanova et al. (1982); Stepanova et al. (1986); Zablotsky (1992); OIE (1998); CABI (Undated)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
Almonds, with shellArea harvested3,2053,0112,7171,3024,456 Im
Production quantity31,20221,41119,4464,27118,110 Im
Yield97,354 Fc71,109 Fc71,572 Fc32,803 Fc40,642 Fc
ApplesArea harvested109,84998,52598,11794,517109,191
Production quantity1,148,4551,124,0171,130,3351,028,7961,441,566
Yield104,549 Fc114,084 Fc115,203 Fc108,848 Fc132,022 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested44,26243,46438,69441,71147,432 Im
Production quantity529,109536,544493,842532,565569,000 F
Yield119,540 Fc123,446 Fc127,628 Fc127,680 Fc119,961 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested124 Im123 Im127 Im120 Im121 Im
Production quantity4,295 Im4,288 Im4,378 Im4,219 Im4,267 Im
Yield346,371 Fc348,618 Fc344,724 Fc351,583 Fc352,645 Fc
BarleyArea harvested108,93391,90990,23199,526103,018
Production quantity161,539133,496111,760134,270167,384
Yield14,829 Fc14,525 Fc12,386 Fc13,491 Fc16,248 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested550 Im546 Im559 Im544 Im533 Im
Production quantity6,997 Im6,940 Im7,030 Im7,022 Im6,767 Im
Yield127,218 Fc127,106 Fc125,760 Fc129,081 Fc126,961 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested91 Im91 Im92 Im93 Im91 Im
Production quantity1,056 Im1,056 Im1,056 Im1,064 Im1,033 Im
Yield116,044 Fc116,044 Fc114,783 Fc114,409 Fc113,516 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested95 Im95 Im96 Im97 Im94 Im
Production quantity659 Im652 Im662 Im661 Im633 Im
Yield69,368 Fc68,632 Fc68,958 Fc68,144 Fc67,340 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested2,800 Im2,791 Im2,819 Im2,789 Im2,767 Im
Production quantity15,536 Im15,288 Im15,059 Im15,507 Im15,716 Im
Yield55,486 Fc54,776 Fc53,420 Fc55,601 Fc56,798 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvestedMMMFF
Production quantityMMMFF
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested12,86314,83914,02711,42914,774
Production quantity658,595703,403743,411904,4881,093,974
Yield512,007 Fc474,023 Fc529,986 Fc791,397 Fc740,472 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested36,95338,92233,12830,97833,313
Production quantity2,876,0312,769,6132,185,1132,249,7332,149,946
Yield778,294 Fc711,580 Fc659,597 Fc726,236 Fc645,377 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested3,910 Im3,811 Im3,757 Im4,092 Im2,459 Im
Production quantity13,156 Im12,750 F12,500 F13,500 F13,000 F
Yield33,647 Fc33,456 Fc33,271 Fc32,991 Fc52,867 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,563,230 A1,517,228 A1,489,910 A1,623,208 A1,663,564 A
Production quantity7,121,545 A6,995,666 A6,189,407 A7,032,268 A8,079,775 A
Yield45,557 Fc46,108 Fc41,542 Fc43,323 Fc48,569 Fc
CherriesArea harvested12,71811,98312,1619,8309,047 Im
Production quantity185,068175,861172,035136,609111,855 Im
Yield145,517 Fc146,759 Fc141,465 Fc138,972 Fc123,638 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested4,9845,9444,4005,2494,946 Im
Production quantity70,65065,02356,66557,06953,616 Im
Yield141,754 Fc109,393 Fc128,784 Fc108,724 Fc108,403 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested4,605 Im4,371 Im4,325 Im4,343 Im3,471 Im
Production quantity11,891 Im11,000 F10,600 F10,400 F8,094 Im
Yield25,822 Fc25,166 Fc24,509 Fc23,947 Fc23,319 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested3,392 Im3,714 Im5,474 Im3,665 Im2,546 Im
Production quantity14,976 Im16,000 Im23,000 F15,000 F10,000 F
Yield44,151 Fc43,080 Fc42,017 Fc40,928 Fc39,277 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested850 Im838 Im878 Im835 Im800 Im
Production quantity67,825 Im68,327 Im68,370 Im66,778 Im69,833 Im
Yield797,941 Fc815,358 Fc778,702 Fc799,737 Fc872,913 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested1,920 A3,819 A1,710 A1,544 A1,010 A
Production quantity20,883 A19,907 A21,057 A11,887 A13,091 A
Yield108,766 Fc52,126 Fc123,140 Fc76,988 Fc129,614 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested23,99323,58023,07719,53721,538
Production quantity812,728855,058857,076813,591939,882
Yield338,735 Fc362,620 Fc371,398 Fc416,436 Fc436,383 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested84 Im84 Im84 Im83 Im85 Im
Production quantity1,719 Im1,721 Im1,723 Im1,743 Im1,667 Im
Yield204,643 Fc204,881 Fc205,119 Fc210,000 Fc196,118 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested737 Im747 Im684 Im600 Im557 Im
Production quantity17,428 Im17,483 Im16,000 F14,212 Im12,651 Im
Yield236,472 Fc234,043 Fc233,918 Fc236,867 Fc227,127 Fc
FigsArea harvested129 Im128 Im130 Im128 Im126 Im
Production quantity3,203 Im3,169 Im3,252 Im3,189 Im3,067 Im
Yield248,295 Fc247,578 Fc250,154 Fc249,141 Fc243,413 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested398,862 A380,653 A389,056 A390,661 A430,767 A
Production quantity5,824,616 A5,779,430 A6,207,662 A6,358,271 A6,773,199 A
Yield146,031 Fc151,829 Fc159,557 Fc162,757 Fc157,236 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested6902,646720667286
Production quantity10,0139,50611,8633,4435,844
Yield145,116 Fc35,926 Fc164,764 Fc51,619 Fc204,336 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested18,160 Im16,79518,96018,6949,723
Production quantity242,235 Im279,570200,536180,507160,196
Yield133,389 Fc166,460 Fc105,768 Fc96,559 Fc164,760 Fc
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested10,938 Im11,112 Im10,879 Im10,823 Im10,758 Im
Production quantity50,241 Im50,358 Im50,741 Im51,444 Im49,833 Im
Yield45,933 Fc45,319 Fc46,641 Fc47,532 Fc46,322 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested6,649 Im6,625 Im6,667 Im6,655 Im6,553 Im
Production quantity71,563 Im70,914 Im72,485 Im71,289 Im68,967 Im
Yield107,630 Fc107,040 Fc108,722 Fc107,121 Fc105,245 Fc
GarlicArea harvested7,4387,0899,5726,8785,821
Production quantity223,719216,272254,857214,263200,869
Yield300,778 Fc305,081 Fc266,253 Fc311,519 Fc345,076 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested141 Im140 Im142 Im141 Im137 Im
Production quantity2,604 Im2,578 Im2,633 Im2,600 Im2,500 Im
Yield184,681 Fc184,143 Fc185,423 Fc184,397 Fc182,482 Fc
GrapesArea harvested105,745104,463100,915103,552121,959
Production quantity1,606,9421,603,3081,589,7841,625,5111,613,131
Yield151,964 Fc153,481 Fc157,537 Fc156,975 Fc132,268 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested1,4441,2941,0331,0941,757
Production quantity32,47828,30519,30225,5879,342
Yield224,917 Fc218,740 Fc186,854 Fc233,885 Fc53,170 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested3,000 Im3,000 Im3,000 Im3,000 Im3,000 Im
Production quantity3,653 Im3,615 Im3,711 Im3,633 Im3,500 Im
Yield12,177 Fc12,050 Fc12,370 Fc12,110 Fc11,667 Fc
JuteArea harvested1,781 Im1,789 Im1,766 Im1,787 Im1,815 Im
Production quantity19,122 Im19,253 Im18,922 Im19,192 Im19,644 Im
Yield107,367 Fc107,619 Fc107,146 Fc107,398 Fc108,231 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested798 Im887 Im628 Im532 Im462 Im
Production quantity8,113 Im9,000 F6,402 Im5,535 Im4,643 Im
Yield101,667 Fc101,466 Fc101,943 Fc104,041 Fc100,498 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested976 Im921 Im732 Im624 Im478 Im
Production quantity6,913 Im6,500 F5,168 Im4,500 F3,514 Im
Yield70,830 Fc70,575 Fc70,601 Fc72,115 Fc73,515 Fc
LentilsArea harvested1,129 Im1,119 Im1,139 Im1,129 Im1,088 Im
Production quantity986 Im1,016 Im1,037 Im983 Im1,028 Im
Yield8,733 Fc9,080 Fc9,104 Fc8,707 Fc9,449 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested332 Im330 Im338 Im328 Im325 Im
Production quantity4,877 Im4,943 Im4,907 Im4,780 Im5,141 Im
Yield146,898 Fc149,788 Fc145,178 Fc145,732 Fc158,185 Fc
LinseedArea harvested3,000 *3,000 *3,000 *3,000 *3,000 *
Production quantity1,000 *1,000 *1,000 *1,000 *1,000 *
Yield3,333 Fc3,333 Fc3,333 Fc3,333 Fc3,333 Fc
MaizeArea harvested48,69343,43239,81337,41739,797
Production quantity475,341421,273413,165389,427491,919
Yield97,620 Fc96,996 Fc103,776 Fc104,078 Fc123,607 Fc
MilletArea harvested905 Im900 Im925 Im891 Im883 Im
Production quantity6,269 Im6,252 Im6,289 Im6,267 Im6,200 Im
Yield69,271 Fc69,467 Fc67,989 Fc70,337 Fc70,215 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantity660 Im650 Im650 F650 F650 F
Nuts nesArea harvested296 Im293 Im291 Im288 Im313 Im
Production quantity3,187 Im3,149 Im3,237 Im3,176 Im3,033 Im
Yield107,669 Fc107,474 Fc111,237 Fc110,278 Fc96,901 Fc
OatsArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentProduction quantity1,035,321 A919,182 A774,043 A961,318 A1,006,782 A
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentProduction quantity345,389 A309,421 A256,557 A317,862 A339,343 A
Oilseeds nesArea harvested809 Im9001,4843,4342,383
Production quantity3,068 Im2,6613,1495,3193,188
Yield37,923 Fc29,567 Fc21,220 Fc15,489 Fc13,378 Fc
OlivesArea harvested131 Im130 Im128 Im126 Im127 Im
Production quantity119 Im119 Im119 Im119 Im114 Im
Yield9,084 Fc9,154 Fc9,297 Fc9,444 Fc8,976 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested34,93136,14836,69328,06331,364
Production quantity1,256,0851,242,0451,464,488995,1311,273,466
Yield359,590 Fc343,600 Fc399,119 Fc354,606 Fc406,028 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested17,81318,22915,74516,83519,045 Im
Production quantity184,265188,772161,930193,326205,301 Im
Yield103,444 Fc103,556 Fc102,845 Fc114,836 Fc107,798 Fc
PearsArea harvested6,8486,2285,1456,2586,483 Im
Production quantity109,330101,85898,353104,91699,092 Im
Yield159,652 Fc163,548 Fc191,162 Fc167,651 Fc152,849 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested1,202 Im1,200 Im1,197 Im1,193 Im1,233 Im
Production quantity3,453 Im3,423 Im3,493 Im3,444 Im3,333 Im
Yield28,727 Fc28,525 Fc29,181 Fc28,868 Fc27,032 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested811 Im814 Im810 Im808 Im823 Im
Production quantity4,811 Im4,866 Im4,824 Im4,743 Im5,030 Im
Yield59,322 Fc59,779 Fc59,556 Fc58,700 Fc61,118 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested315 Im313 Im312 Im306 Im315 Im
Production quantity211 Im211 Im211 Im204 Im203 Im
Yield6,698 Fc6,741 Fc6,763 Fc6,667 Fc6,444 Fc
PersimmonsArea harvested4,838 Im4,770 Im4,981 Im4,709 Im4,763 Im
Production quantity105,122 Im99,144 Im98,906 Im91,590 Im86,000 F
Yield217,284 Fc207,849 Fc198,567 Fc194,500 Fc180,558 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested2,249 Im2,228 Im2,296 Im2,222 Im2,167 Im
Production quantity735 Im726 Im744 Im733 Im700 Im
Yield3,268 Fc3,259 Fc3,240 Fc3,299 Fc3,230 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested12,27013,09813,98712,27912,875 Im
Production quantity130,092133,078134,869115,966121,012 Im
Yield106,024 Fc101,602 Fc96,425 Fc94,443 Fc93,990 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested92,60289,19586,44378,25184,555
Production quantity3,143,8183,089,6582,911,9332,793,6892,789,476
Yield339,498 Fc346,394 Fc336,862 Fc357,016 Fc329,901 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested13,246 Im14,326 Im11,728 Im11,364 Im12,219 Im
Production quantity54,506 Im56,957 Im44,994 Im41,500 F45,478 Im
Yield41,149 Fc39,758 Fc38,365 Fc36,519 Fc37,219 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested22,982 A23,807 A21,208 A20,818 A20,778 A
Production quantity86,372 A87,684 A75,183 A71,834 A73,649 A
Yield37,582 Fc36,831 Fc35,450 Fc34,506 Fc35,446 Fc
QuincesArea harvested5,5224,9174,2935,6886,594 Im
Production quantity96,24284,93776,865109,516118,042 Im
Yield174,288 Fc172,742 Fc179,047 Fc192,539 Fc179,014 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested1,738 Im1,738 Im1,758 Im1,718 Im1,739 Im
Production quantity1,291 Im1,300 Im1,265 Im1,308 Im1,327 Im
Yield7,428 Fc7,480 Fc7,196 Fc7,614 Fc7,631 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested47,42564,92342,14171,28971,793
Production quantity293,451314,659221,089395,422451,981
Yield61,877 Fc48,466 Fc52,464 Fc55,467 Fc62,956 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity195,732 Fc209,878 Fc147,466 Fc263,746 Fc301,471 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested92,602 A89,195 A86,443 A78,251 A84,555 A
Production quantity3,143,818 A3,089,658 A2,911,933 A2,793,689 A2,789,476 A
Yield339,498 Fc346,394 Fc336,862 Fc357,016 Fc329,901 Fc
RyeArea harvested920 Im907 Im930 Im922 Im867 Im
Production quantity7,105 Im7,104 Im7,078 Im7,133 Im7,100 Im
Yield77,228 Fc78,324 Fc76,108 Fc77,364 Fc81,892 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested18,32416,2188,02725,78337,965
Production quantity8,8858,6374,21214,70131,184
Yield4,849 Fc5,326 Fc5,247 Fc5,702 Fc8,214 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested1,057,7941,050,6311,108,2461,201,1821,265,101
Production quantity3,063,9982,691,6982,285,5602,853,9272,958,955
Yield28,966 Fc25,620 Fc20,623 Fc23,759 Fc23,389 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested8,4087,8825,9174,8447,333
Production quantity12,77413,9249,5786,0127,935
Yield15,193 Fc17,666 Fc16,187 Fc12,411 Fc10,821 Fc
SorghumArea harvested727 Im716 Im737 Im728 Im683 Im
Production quantity6,840 Im6,670 Im6,766 Im7,085 Im7,315 Im
Yield94,085 Fc93,156 Fc91,805 Fc97,321 Fc107,101 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested4,2183,0995,9982,391124
Production quantity7,46010,85811,3996,138232
Yield17,686 Fc35,037 Fc19,005 Fc25,671 Fc18,710 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested489 Im487 Im488 Im491 Im483 Im
Production quantity510 Im512 Im511 Im508 Im516 Im
Yield10,429 Fc10,513 Fc10,471 Fc10,346 Fc10,683 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested1,2456755919091,459
Production quantity13,3397,0815,6079,63111,168
Yield107,141 Fc104,904 Fc94,873 Fc105,952 Fc76,546 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Sunflower seedArea harvested10,35210,1867,5937,83611,553
Production quantity36,73641,39826,67227,33153,839
Yield35,487 Fc40,642 Fc35,127 Fc34,879 Fc46,602 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested113 Im112 Im116 Im112 Im109 Im
Production quantity1,353 Im1,323 Im1,393 Im1,344 Im1,233 Im
Yield119,735 Fc118,125 Fc120,086 Fc120,000 Fc113,119 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested2,3402,4732,4333,5533,284
Production quantity5,5806,2915,5705,5435,635
Yield23,846 Fc25,439 Fc22,894 Fc15,601 Fc17,159 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested57,74658,88060,35360,48664,149
Production quantity1,928,5082,120,1202,284,2172,455,1252,796,189
Yield333,964 Fc360,075 Fc378,476 Fc405,900 Fc435,890 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested13,725 A13,472 A13,289 A11,814 A14,769 A
Production quantity86,151 A75,765 A75,286 A58,924 A70,676 A
Yield62,769 Fc56,239 Fc56,653 Fc49,876 Fc47,854 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested222,030 A223,006 A203,214 A193,128 A209,720 A
Production quantity9,903,740 A9,974,809 A9,122,554 A10,096,313 A11,236,787 A
Yield446,054 Fc447,289 Fc448,914 Fc522,778 Fc535,799 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested43,306 Im38,66921,74531,38434,561
Production quantity2,028,056 Im1,946,7321,215,7792,351,1292,668,237
Yield468,308 Fc503,435 Fc559,107 Fc749,149 Fc772,037 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested598 Im594 Im595 Im606 Im579 Im
Production quantity5,012 Im5,069 Im5,052 Im4,914 Im5,242 Im
Yield83,813 Fc85,337 Fc84,908 Fc81,089 Fc90,535 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested4,975 Im4,940 Im4,985 Im5,002 Im4,833 Im
Production quantity47,374 Im46,864 Im48,148 Im47,111 Im45,333 Im
Yield95,224 Fc94,866 Fc96,586 Fc94,184 Fc93,799 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested34,70229,60851,40951,00758,533
Production quantity1,254,4431,232,4601,836,9592,030,9922,044,929
Yield361,490 Fc416,259 Fc357,322 Fc398,179 Fc349,363 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,351,7171,310,6301,311,3761,408,3431,444,064
Production quantity6,157,8446,093,4625,410,7606,079,1646,934,876
Yield45,556 Fc46,493 Fc41,260 Fc43,165 Fc48,023 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2022). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Agricultural landArea25,555 Fm25,520 Fm25,533 Fm25,546 Fm25,548 Fm
AgricultureArea25,555 Fc25,520 Fc25,533 Fc25,546 Fc25,548 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea1 I1 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1 I1 I
Arable landArea4,034 Q4,020 Q4,026 Q4,035 Q4,041 Q
Country areaArea44,892 Q44,892 Q44,892 Q44,892 Q44,892 Q
CroplandArea4,437 Fc4,418 Fc4,418 Fc4,421 Fc4,422 Fc
Forest landArea3,664 Q3,638 Q3,612 Q3,586 Q3,549 Q
Inland watersArea837 Q834 Q834 Q833 Q832 Q
Land areaArea44,056 Q44,059 Q44,059 Q44,059 Q44,060 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4,307 Fm4,307 Q4,312 Q4,313 Q4,312 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea21,118 Q21,103 Q21,115 Q21,124 Q21,126 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea404 Q398 Q392 Q386 Q381 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea1,418 Q1,413 Q1,409 Q1,404 Q1,393 Q
Other landArea14,836 Fc14,900 Fc14,913 Fc14,927 Fc14,963 Fc
Planted ForestArea2,246 Q2,225 Q2,203 Q2,182 Q2,156 Q
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea3,650 Q3,657 Q3,664 Q3,667 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea3,610 Q3,617 Q3,623 Q3,624 Q
Forestry area actually irrigatedArea45 Q42 Q36 Q33 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea4,259 Q4,264 Q4,266 Q4,266 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area40 Q40 Q41 Q43 Q
Primary ForestArea73 Fm73 Fm73 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2022). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.