Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Uruguay

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Datasheet

Uruguay

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentInvernizzi et al. (2011); OIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedFrederiksen and Renfro (1977); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentBarnes et al. (2003)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010); Alaniz et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedMillar and Minter (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentAbreo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBettucci et al. (2004)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedInvasiveRebuffo (1990); Li DaPeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadNativeSpegazzini (1889); Pérez et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentIntroducedHernández (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentPerea and Diaz de Ackermann (1981); CIMMYT (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, Few occurrencesMazzoni et al. (2003); Borteiro et al. (2009)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMonro (1938); Brugnoli et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentNunez and Maeso (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin (1854)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedDiniz et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentDolores Rodríguez et al. (2003); Grille et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGrille et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCrespo and Valverde (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBacchus (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurckhardt et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRossi and Martínez (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadNakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, WidespreadBosq (1943); Kober (1955); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentCastiglioni et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJorge et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedFaúndez and Silvera (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNewell and Barber (1913); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentRuffinelli and Carbonell (1954); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentGómez and Martínez (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedBianchi et al. (2000); Iede et al. (2000); Morelli et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Abgrall et al. (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020); Granara de Willink et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQuintana (1961); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWATTANAPONGSIRI (1966); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRebuffo (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)Present, WidespreadNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartínez and Bianchi (2010); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentDolores Rodríguez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSafari Club International (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FAO (1996); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBonino et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeLópez et al. (2005); Gutiérrez and García (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTeixeira et al. (2001); Flores Nava (2005); Laufer et al. (2008); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedGrossi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Taylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWalne (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampos and Calvo (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScarabino and Verde (1995); Brugnoli et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentSimone (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHayes et al. (2008); Hayes et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGiberto et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadMinagawa and Maeso-Tozzi (1990); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRobertson et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentAlvarez Argudin (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor (1960); Coll and Oliveira (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeMartius et al. (1840)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedDommergues et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum brachychaetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Soreng (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedRosengurtt et al. (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentBarringer (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedNorman (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrfeo Crosa and Bancheva (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPlá et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveReinert et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedCabrera (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1997); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus uruguayensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasivePiggin (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRosengurtt et al. (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveComité Nacional de Especies Exóticas Invasoras (2010); Pereira Machín (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveFrioni et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclastonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, LocalizedNativeFlora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeOrchard (1981); Arocena and Mazzeo (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, LocalizedNativeErb (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeDendinagi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSimberloff et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveRichardson et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Zuloaga et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedRios et al. (2008); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativePopenoe (1920)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentSindel et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentNativeErb (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrstić et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeRoe (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Nee (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeCastro (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCosta et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMasciadri et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentMorong and Britton (1893); Alonso Paz and Bassagoda (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeOlano et al. (1996); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein and Sipman (1978)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadMendez and Brazeiro (1993)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentBitancourt (1940); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Colnago et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); EPPO (2009)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresentBerdie et al. (1979); Cardozo et al. (1981); Quintana et al. (1992); Solari (1994); Guglielmone (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2009); Capano et al. (1976)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2009)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Nari and Solari (1991); Cardozo et al. (1994)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentRivero et al. (2013)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2009); Paravis et al. (1995)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, Few occurrencesMazzoni et al. (2003); Borteiro et al. (2009)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2009)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentHirigoyen and Bermudez (1991)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
European foul broodPresentInvernizzi et al. (2011); OIE (2009)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentPastorino et al. (2008)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentCremonte et al. (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); Errico and Bermúdez (1983)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentSienra et al. (1988)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Q feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadApolo et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentRiet Correa et al. (1977)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentFerrer et al. (1978)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 3222 3342 3328 3935 3855
Apples Production Quantity 73368 52226 58775 51266 66874
Apples Yield 227710 Fc 156272 Fc 176608 Fc 130282 Fc 173473 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 65088 Im 61900 140573 129900 138200
Barley Production Quantity 210704 Im 186400 464071 409500 310200
Barley Seed 6809 Fc 6809 Fc 6809 Fc 15463 Fc 14289 Fc
Barley Yield 32372.2 Fc 30113.1 Fc 33012.8 Fc 31524.3 Fc 22445.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 5018 Im 5450 Im 5650 F 5600 F 5500 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3203 Im 3403 Im 3550 F 3500 F 3450 F
Beans, dry Seed 326.17 Fc 326.17 Fc 354.25 Fc 367.25 Fc 360 F
Beans, dry Yield 6383.02 Fc 6244.04 Fc 6283.19 Fc 6250 Fc 6272.73 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 414 Im 312 Im 363 Im 420 F 329 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 996 Im 1142 Im 1401 Im 1470 F 1211 Im
Beans, green Yield 24058 Fc 36602.6 Fc 38595 Fc 35000 Fc 36808.5 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 376 Im 344 Im 410 F 400 F 380 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 726 Im 725 Im 830 F 850 F 800 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 45.12 Fc 45.12 Fc 41.28 Fc 49.2 Fc 50 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 19308.5 Fc 21075.6 Fc 20243.9 Fc 21250 Fc 21052.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 366 Im 361 Im 420 F 410 F 400 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 3448 Im 3261 Im 4000 F 3800 F 3600 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 94207.6 Fc 90332.4 Fc 95238.1 Fc 92682.9 Fc 90000 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 3564 Im 3389 Im 4500 F 4000 F 3800 F
Canary seed Production Quantity 3408 Im 3015 Im 3825 F 3400 F 3230 F
Canary seed Seed 142.56 Fc 142.56 Fc 135.56 Fc 180 Fc 160 Fc
Canary seed Yield 9562.29 Fc 8896.43 Fc 8500 Fc 8500 Fc 8500 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1387 Im 1379 1748 1927 1919
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 19582 Im 18255 22468 24891 23918
Carrots and turnips Yield 141182 Fc 132379 Fc 128535 Fc 129170 Fc 124638 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 825206 A 784789 A 1042090 A 910677 A 648133 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3238390 A 2966330 A 3819300 A 3161510 A 2296380 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 85224.1 A 85224.1 A 80987.6 A 107724 A 95997.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 39243.4 Fc 37797.8 Fc 36650.6 Fc 34716 Fc 35430.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 825206 A 784789 A 1042090 A 910677 A 648133 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3785510 A 3348860 A 4247940 A 3604400 A 2677900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 85224.1 A 85224.1 A 80987.6 A 107724 A 95997.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 45873.5 Fc 42672.1 Fc 40763.9 Fc 39579.3 Fc 41317.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 272 Im 270 F 263 281 333
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 15537 Im 17000 F 15523 13571 13861
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 571213 Fc 629630 Fc 590228 Fc 482954 Fc 416246 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15983 A 17019 A 13365 A 16146 A 16352 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 270367 A 315214 A 268621 A 253460 A 346239 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 169159 Fc 185213 Fc 200988 Fc 156980 Fc 211741 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 204400 A 218889 A 332170 A 267300 A 257433 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 672212 A 899421 A 1116320 A 917800 A 835059 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 13344.1 A 13344.1 A 13881.6 A 24396.2 A 20175 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 32887.1 Fc 41090.3 Fc 33606.9 Fc 34335.9 Fc 32437.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 31119 A 32900 A 28844 A 32991 A 33154 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 522813 A 532175 A 457837 A 460890 A 595468 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 168004 Fc 161755 Fc 158729 Fc 139702 Fc 179607 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 652 Im 684 Im 600 F 570 F 580 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 4910 Im 4998 Im 4300 F 4000 F 4200 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 75306.8 Fc 73070.2 Fc 71666.7 Fc 70175.4 Fc 72413.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 161 Im 131 135 174 181
Garlic Production Quantity 848 Im 630 588 751 763
Garlic Yield 52670.8 Fc 48091.6 Fc 43555.6 Fc 43160.9 Fc 42154.7 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 250 F 217 241 302 302
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 3570 1897 3751 3072 4605
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 142800 Fc 87419.4 Fc 155643 Fc 101722 Fc 152483 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 7903 8001 8127 8503 8652
Grapes Production Quantity 126187 110292 87498 112883 133009
Grapes Yield 159670 Fc 137848 Fc 107663 Fc 132757 Fc 153732 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3546 Im 3579 Im 2600 F 2100 P 2300 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1711 Im 1529 Im 1500 F 1300 F 1200 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 319.14 Fc 319.14 Fc 322.11 Fc 234 Fc 189 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 4825.16 Fc 4272.14 Fc 5769.23 Fc 6190.48 Fc 5217.39 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 2000 F 1935 1675 1821 2008
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 38215 37656 41993 33008 37689
Lemons and limes Yield 191075 Fc 194605 Fc 250704 Fc 181263 Fc 187694 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 4700 Im 4743 Im 3445 Im 2700 F 3148 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 6146 Im 5840 Im 4326 Im 3320 F 5078 Im
Linseed Seed 258.5 Fc 258.5 Fc 260.87 Fc 189.48 Fc 148.5 Fc
Linseed Yield 13076.6 Fc 12312.9 Fc 12557.3 Fc 12296.3 Fc 16130.9 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 80900 96000 87500 80600 58700
Maize Production Quantity 286200 529100 269800 334700 337763
Maize Seed 2831.5 Fc 2831.5 Fc 3360 Fc 3062.5 Fc 2821 Fc
Maize Yield 35377 Fc 55114.6 Fc 30834.3 Fc 41526.1 Fc 57540.6 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 72 Im 74 121 327 140
Maize, green Production Quantity 377 Im 375 583 1123 820
Maize, green Yield 52361.1 Fc 50675.7 Fc 48181.8 Fc 34342.5 Fc 58571.4 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 23448 Im 22300 31497 15100 13900
Oats Production Quantity 48500 Im 42906 Im 54425 19000 21100
Oats Seed 2462.04 Fc 2462.04 Fc 2341.5 Fc 3307.19 Fc 1585.5 Fc
Oats Yield 20684.1 Fc 19240.4 Fc 17279.4 Fc 12582.8 Fc 15179.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 878446 A 886522 A 643945 A 504700 A 413478 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1229750 A 1449210 A 845071 A 643451 A 671310 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 61594 A 61594 A 61707.3 A 41548.8 A 33166.3 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 13999.1 Fc 16347.1 Fc 13123.4 Fc 12749.2 Fc 16235.7 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 881174 A 889275 A 645945 A 506500 A 414978 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 286787 A 337955 A 212224 A 166772 A 169531 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 14165 A 14165 A 14212.8 A 9722.79 A 7730.85 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3254.61 Fc 3800.34 Fc 3285.48 Fc 3292.64 Fc 4085.31 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 2728 Im 2753 Im 2000 F 1800 F 1500 F
Olives Production Quantity 6109 Im 5805 Im 4300 F 3800 F 3400 F
Olives Yield 22393.7 Fc 21086.1 Fc 21500 Fc 21111.1 Fc 22666.7 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1387 Im 1418 1908 1647 2181
Onions, dry Production Quantity 17328 Im 17450 25554 19564 40037
Onions, dry Yield 124932 Fc 123061 Fc 133931 Fc 118786 Fc 183572 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 7400 F 8222 6284 7599 7521
Oranges Production Quantity 135180 154211 130100 128930 186272
Oranges Yield 182676 Fc 187559 Fc 207034 Fc 169667 Fc 247669 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 154 Im 160 F 144 192 173
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1997 Im 2000 F 1949 3259 2736
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 129675 Fc 125000 Fc 135347 Fc 169740 Fc 158150 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2116 Im 2220 1976 2193 2139
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 22567 Im 22971 19070 18641 17607
Peaches and nectarines Yield 106649 Fc 103473 Fc 96508.1 Fc 85002.3 Fc 82314.2 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 728 1003 848 1021 897
Pears Production Quantity 14796 18702 13272 15755 18697
Pears Yield 203242 Fc 186461 Fc 156509 Fc 154310 Fc 208439 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1194 Im 1310 Im 1350 F 1300 F 1260 Im
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2503 Im 2759 Im 2800 F 2700 F 2800 Im
Peas, dry Seed 95.52 Fc 95.52 Fc 104.8 Fc 108 Fc 100 F
Peas, dry Yield 20963.2 Fc 21061.1 Fc 20740.7 Fc 20769.2 Fc 22222.2 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 276 344 324 365 376
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 3089 2943 2132 2121 4421
Plums and sloes Yield 111920 Fc 85552.3 Fc 65802.5 Fc 58109.6 Fc 117580 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 5076 5707 6353 6294 7925
Potatoes Production Quantity 90155 114662 102287 106557 118362
Potatoes Seed 5329.8 Fc 5329.8 Fc 5992.35 Fc 6670.65 Fc 6608.7 Fc
Potatoes Yield 177610 Fc 200915 Fc 161006 Fc 169299 Fc 149353 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6588 A 7104 A 7410 A 7300 A 7140 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6432 A 6887 A 7180 A 7050 A 7050 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 466.81 A 466.81 A 500.33 A 524.45 A 510 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9763.21 Fc 9694.54 Fc 9689.61 Fc 9657.53 Fc 9873.95 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2014 Im 2056 1876 2273 2489
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 15151 Im 14678 15579 18675 15718
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 75228.4 Fc 71391.1 Fc 83043.7 Fc 82160.1 Fc 63149.9 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 239 287 276 258 303
Quinces Production Quantity 7529 4829 4169 2764 4421
Quinces Yield 315021 Fc 168258 Fc 151051 Fc 107132 Fc 145908 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 5000 * 5000 * 5000 * 4000 * 3000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 10000 * 9000 * 9000 * 8000 * 6000 *
Rapeseed Yield 20000 Fc 18000 Fc 18000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 196000 161900 160700 168377 145400
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 1643000 1148740 1287200 1330000 1145700
Rice, paddy Seed 27440 Fc 27440 Fc 22666 Fc 22498 Fc 23572.8 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 83826.5 Fc 70953.7 Fc 80099.6 Fc 78989.4 Fc 78796.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12876 A 13407 A 13953 A 13894 A 15425 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 164155 A 187162 A 174287 A 177557 A 188362 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 7435.8 A 7435.8 A 8071.35 A 8722.65 A 8258.7 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 127489 Fc 139600 Fc 124910 Fc 127794 Fc 122115 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 31400 35300 68100 37700 42833
Sorghum Production Quantity 123400 138000 324200 151200 162766
Sorghum Seed 1099 Fc 1099 Fc 1235.5 Fc 2383.5 Fc 1319.5 Fc
Sorghum Yield 39299.4 Fc 39093.5 Fc 47606.5 Fc 40106.1 Fc 38000.1 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 862100 863200 577800 461900 366535
Soybeans Production Quantity 1541000 1816800 1028600 772900 814920
Soybeans Seed 77589 Fc 77589 Fc 77688 Fc 52002 Fc 41571 Fc
Soybeans Yield 17875 Fc 21047.3 Fc 17802 Fc 16733.1 Fc 22233.1 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested F F F F F
Sugar beet Production Quantity F F F F F
Sugar beet Yield
Sugar cane Area Harvested 6500 F 6500 5815 6038 5188
Sugar cane Production Quantity 314000 F 313300 296500 334100 293200
Sugar cane Yield 483077 Fc 482000 Fc 509888 Fc 553329 Fc 565150 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 3100 10000 55100 34000 38495
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 3900 9100 50600 54200 43123
Sunflower seed Seed 31 Fc 31 Fc 100 Fc 551 Fc 340 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12580.7 Fc 9100 Fc 9183.3 Fc 15941.2 Fc 11202.2 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 7800 F 7700 F 7600 F 7600 F 7500 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 74000 F 72500 F 72000 F 71000 F 70000 F
Sweet potatoes Seed 2106 Fc 2106 Fc 2079 Fc 2052 Fc 1650 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 94871.8 Fc 94155.8 Fc 94736.8 Fc 93421.1 Fc 93333.3 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 6333 Im 6645 5165 6424 6521
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 93402 121450 92777 88450 117673
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 147485 Fc 182769 Fc 179626 Fc 137687 Fc 180452 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 820 Im 810 Im 797 Im 776 Im 829 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 3121 Im 2589 Im 2821 Im 2781 Im 2996 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 38061 Fc 31963 Fc 35395.2 Fc 35837.6 Fc 36139.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 389 Im 414 574 423 424
Tomatoes Production Quantity 30643 Im 31609 37022 28504 30887
Tomatoes Yield 787738 Fc 763502 Fc 644983 Fc 673853 Fc 728467 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1870 Im 1900 F 1803 2686 2286
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 36693 Im 31500 F 31309 47654 42518
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 196219 Fc 165789 Fc 173649 Fc 177416 Fc 185993 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 9135 A 9146 A 10135 A 11510 A 11555 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 152964 A 148092 A 168476 A 175262 A 187569 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 167448 Fc 161920 Fc 166232 Fc 152269 Fc 162327 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9135 A 9146 A 10135 A 11510 A 11555 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 152964 A 148092 A 168476 A 175262 A 187569 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 167448 Fc 161920 Fc 166232 Fc 152269 Fc 162327 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 649 Im 671 Im 780 F 750 F 700 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 10364 Im 10192 Im 12500 F 12000 F 11500 F
Watermelons Yield 159692 Fc 151893 Fc 160256 Fc 160000 Fc 164286 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 424806 Im 404000 549215 475000 245300
Wheat Production Quantity 1470300 Im 1300700 1844420 1356600 697143
Wheat Seed 44440 Fc 44440 Fc 44440 Fc 60830 Fc 52250 Fc
Wheat Yield 34611.1 Fc 32195.5 Fc 33582.8 Fc 28560 Fc 28420 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 3885 3822 3595 3595 3494
Apples Production Quantity 61285 77342 66744 73837 45794
Apples Yield 157748 Fc 202360 Fc 185658 Fc 205388 Fc 131065 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 127500 78100 136600 117700 102800
Barley Production Quantity 432100 242300 406500 323700 217360
Barley Seed 15202 Fc 14025 Fc 8591 Fc 15026 Fc 12947 Fc
Barley Yield 33890.2 Fc 31024.3 Fc 29758.4 Fc 27502.1 Fc 21144 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 5350 F 5400 F 5350 F 5400 5350 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3350 F 3500 F 3350 F 3400 3350 F
Beans, dry Seed 357.5 Fc 347.75 Fc 351 Fc 347.75 Fc 351 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 6261.68 Fc 6481.48 Fc 6261.68 Fc 6296.3 Fc 6261.68 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 394 Im 400 F 370 F 400 370 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 1392 Im 1400 F 1350 F 1300 1200 F
Beans, green Yield 35329.9 Fc 35000 Fc 36486.5 Fc 32500 Fc 32432.4 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 380 F 375 Im 360 F 380 F 390 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 880 F 850 F 760 F 780 F 810 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 45.6 Fc 45.6 Fc 45 Fc 43.2 Fc 45.6 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 23157.9 Fc 22666.7 Fc 21111.1 Fc 20526.3 Fc 20769.2 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 330 F 340 F 370 F 360 F 320 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 2850 F 2900 F 3600 F 2850 F 2700 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 86363.6 Fc 85294.1 Fc 97297.3 Fc 79166.7 Fc 84375 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 3750 F 3700 F 3600 F 2900 F 3100 F
Canary seed Production Quantity 3190 F 3145 F 3060 F 2465 F 2635 F
Canary seed Seed 152 Fc 150 Fc 148 Fc 144 Fc 116 Fc
Canary seed Yield 8506.67 Fc 8500 Fc 8500 Fc 8500 Fc 8500 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 2112 2112 1869 2037 2711
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 27208 27208 33800 * 26495 32509
Carrots and turnips Yield 128826 Fc 128826 Fc 180845 Fc 130069 Fc 119915 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 594250 A 516900 A 587066 A 467523 A 483834 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2217720 A 1872320 A 2103300 A 1524780 A 1293340 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 67706.2 A 65426.5 A 56060 A 65109.8 A 51683.6 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 37319.7 Fc 36222 Fc 35827.3 Fc 32613.9 Fc 26731 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 594250 A 516900 A 587066 A 467523 A 483834 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2648090 A 2276750 A 2523740 A 1826370 A 1606190 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 67706.2 A 65426.5 A 56060 A 65109.8 A 51683.6 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 44561.9 Fc 44046.1 Fc 42989.1 Fc 39064.9 Fc 33197.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 334 334 459 434 444
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 14177 14178 12354 14410 13138
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 424461 Fc 424491 Fc 269150 Fc 332028 Fc 295901 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14696 A 22180 A 19094 A 19150 A 19187 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 277533 A 326000 A 242177 A 248979 A 235516 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 188849 Fc 146979 Fc 126834 Fc 130015 Fc 122748 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 223550 A 179400 A 221301 A 196423 A 186500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 744490 A 608145 A 728542 A 594674 A 460899 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 20367.2 A 19330.5 A 13415 A 19281.7 A 17260.5 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 33303.1 Fc 33898.8 Fc 32920.9 Fc 30275.2 Fc 24713.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 31656 A 38872 A 35533 A 36014 A 35763 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 517516 A 576731 A 503489 A 476977 A 411750 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 163481 Fc 148367 Fc 141696 Fc 132442 Fc 115133 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 550 550 F 510 F 550 F 540 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 4000 4000 F 3660 F 3800 F 3700 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 72727.3 Fc 72727.3 Fc 71764.7 Fc 69090.9 Fc 68518.5 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 175 175 238 207 225
Garlic Production Quantity 708 708 1050 F 1005 522
Garlic Yield 40457.1 Fc 40457.1 Fc 44117.7 Fc 48550.7 Fc 23200 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 281 580 F 550 550 525
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 8144 9100 7313 5700 6725
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 289822 Fc 156897 Fc 132964 Fc 103636 Fc 128095 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 8576 8484 8583 8803 9142
Grapes Production Quantity 130244 124274 147057 108164 93828
Grapes Yield 151870 Fc 146480 Fc 171335 Fc 122872 Fc 102634 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2250 F 2100 P 2250 F 2300 F 2250 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1180 F 1200 P 1180 F 1250 F 1200 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 207 Fc 202.5 Fc 189 Fc 202.5 Fc 207 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5244.44 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5244.44 Fc 5434.78 Fc 5333.33 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1836 5200 F 5000 5000 5500 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 42864 46000 33470 36701 38519
Lemons and limes Yield 233464 Fc 88461.5 Fc 66940 Fc 73402 Fc 70034.6 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 3130 Im 3135 Im 3015 Im 2600 F 1965 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 4442 Im 3821 Im 3200 F 3100 F 2463 Im
Linseed Seed 173.14 Fc 172.15 Fc 172.43 Fc 165.83 Fc 143 Fc
Linseed Yield 14191.7 Fc 12188.2 Fc 10613.6 Fc 11923.1 Fc 12534.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 49000 60600 44923 38927 48700
Maize Production Quantity 205000 251000 223000 178500 163400
Maize Seed 2054.5 Fc 1715 Fc 2121 Fc 1571.5 Fc 1361.5 Fc
Maize Yield 41836.7 Fc 41419.1 Fc 49640.5 Fc 45855.1 Fc 33552.4 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 350 F 227 300 F 279 489
Maize, green Production Quantity 2000 F 1195 1800 F 1611 2245
Maize, green Yield 57142.9 Fc 52643.2 Fc 60000 Fc 57741.9 Fc 45910 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 27500 18000 F 18200 22067 12600
Oats Production Quantity 42900 27000 F 26300 29800 15600
Oats Seed 1459.5 Fc 2887.5 Fc 1890 Fc 1911 Fc 2317.03 Fc
Oats Yield 15600 Fc 15000 Fc 14450.5 Fc 13504.3 Fc 12381 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 377280 A 402235 A 362865 A 259800 A 141615 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 580680 A 479088 A 383484 A 271198 A 128739 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 26429.3 A 22438.8 A 20500.8 A 18270 A 6605.74 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 15391.2 Fc 11910.7 Fc 10568.2 Fc 10438.7 Fc 9090.75 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 378830 A 403735 A 364315 A 261300 A 143065 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 160761 A 157358 A 142619 A 134306 A 76340.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6218.39 A 5369.5 A 5104.45 A 4575.27 A 2111.93 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4243.61 Fc 3897.57 Fc 3914.72 Fc 5139.92 Fc 5336.04 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 1550 F 1500 F 1450 F 1500 F 1450 F
Olives Production Quantity 4200 F 3800 F 3250 F 3300 F 3250 F
Olives Yield 27096.8 Fc 25333.3 Fc 22413.8 Fc 22000 Fc 22413.8 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1945 1945 2640 2466 1799
Onions, dry Production Quantity 27845 27845 33265 39515 26944
Onions, dry Yield 143162 Fc 143162 Fc 126004 Fc 160239 Fc 149772 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 6677 9800 F 7044 Im 7100 6831
Oranges Production Quantity 138279 176500 124091 131578 115769
Oranges Yield 207098 Fc 180102 Fc 176166 Fc 185321 Fc 169476 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 261 230 Im 250 F 173 324
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 3515 4500 F 4000 F 1900 F 4094 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 134674 Fc 195652 Fc 160000 Fc 109827 Fc 126358 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2250 2094 1951 1951 1601
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 17267 15871 14114 10635 7545
Peaches and nectarines Yield 76742.2 Fc 75792.7 Fc 72342.4 Fc 54510.5 Fc 47126.8 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 990 989 984 984 887
Pears Production Quantity 17711 18449 17616 19164 14186
Pears Yield 178899 Fc 186542 Fc 179024 Fc 194756 Fc 159932 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1250 F 1300 F 1250 F 1300 F 1250 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2650 F 2700 F 2650 F 2700 F 2650 F
Peas, dry Seed 100.8 Fc 100 Fc 104 Fc 100 Fc 104 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 21200 Fc 20769.2 Fc 21200 Fc 20769.2 Fc 21200 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 389 395 366 366 312
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 2963 3437 3121 1382 1681
Plums and sloes Yield 76169.7 Fc 87012.7 Fc 85273.2 Fc 37759.6 Fc 53878.2 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 8569 8326 8627 10680 10913
Potatoes Production Quantity 147981 157636 137950 173812 141213
Potatoes Seed 8321.25 Fc 8997.45 Fc 8742.3 Fc 9058.35 Fc 11214 Fc
Potatoes Yield 172693 Fc 189330 Fc 159905 Fc 162745 Fc 129399 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6980 A 7075 A 6960 A 7080 A 6990 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6880 A 7050 A 6760 A 6880 A 6810 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 503.9 A 493.35 A 500 A 490.95 A 500.6 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9856.73 Fc 9964.66 Fc 9712.64 Fc 9717.51 Fc 9742.49 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3440 3575 3397 3480 3654
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 27533 28339 22000 * 32684 24257
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 80037.8 Fc 79269.9 Fc 64763 Fc 93919.5 Fc 66384.8 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 320 358 450 F 615 Im 600 F
Quinces Production Quantity 6513 7358 9000 F 11016 Im 9500 F
Quinces Yield 203531 Fc 205531 Fc 200000 Fc 179122 Fc 158333 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 4000 * 1000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 8000 * 3000 *
Rapeseed Yield 20000 Fc 30000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 177300 184000 186465 153400 160234
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 1292400 1214500 1262600 905700 939489
Rice, paddy Seed 20356 Fc 24822 Fc 25760 Fc 26105.1 Fc 21476 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 72893.4 Fc 66005.4 Fc 67712.4 Fc 59041.7 Fc 58632.3 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15969 A 15326 A 15227 A 17180 A 17263 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 215981 A 223636 A 197950 A 238812 A 204713 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 10346.3 A 10995.5 A 10632.3 A 10840.4 A 12969 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 135250 Fc 145919 Fc 129999 Fc 139006 Fc 118585 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 15800 19000 17978 14829 19300
Sorghum Production Quantity 61300 84700 69682 60209 61904
Sorghum Seed 1499.16 Fc 553 Fc 665 Fc 629.23 Fc 519.02 Fc
Sorghum Yield 38797.5 Fc 44578.9 Fc 38759.6 Fc 40602.2 Fc 32074.6 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 309100 278000 247000 78900 28900
Soybeans Production Quantity 676900 511000 377000 201000 71000
Soybeans Seed 32988.1 Fc 27819 Fc 25020 Fc 22239 Fc 7101 Fc
Soybeans Yield 21899.1 Fc 18381.3 Fc 15263.2 Fc 25475.3 Fc 24567.5 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested F F
Sugar beet Production Quantity F F
Sugar beet Yield
Sugar cane Area Harvested 2961 3300 3300 2870 3100
Sugar cane Production Quantity 144519 172200 154200 116200 187700
Sugar cane Yield 488075 Fc 521818 Fc 467273 Fc 404878 Fc 605484 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 58800 118000 110600 176000 108500
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 80600 150500 177000 234000 150300
Sunflower seed Seed 384.95 Fc 588 Fc 1180 Fc 1106 Fc 1760 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 13707.5 Fc 12754.2 Fc 16003.6 Fc 13295.5 Fc 13852.5 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 7400 F 7000 F 6600 F 6500 6350 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 68000 F 66000 F 60000 F 65000 63500 F
Sweet potatoes Seed 2025 Fc 1998 Fc 1890 Fc 1782 Fc 1755 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 91891.9 Fc 94285.7 Fc 90909.1 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5902 6600 F 6500 6500 6331
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 88246 94400 77303 75000 74503
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 149519 Fc 143030 Fc 118928 Fc 115385 Fc 117680 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 895 Im 900 1040 Im 900 909 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2998 Im 3000 4046 Im 3000 3298 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 33497.2 Fc 33333.3 Fc 38903.8 Fc 33333.3 Fc 36281.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 956 956 1303 1027 884
Tomatoes Production Quantity 46101 46101 44400 * 46713 41242
Tomatoes Yield 482228 Fc 482228 Fc 340752 Fc 454849 Fc 466538 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2266 Im 2300 F 2260 F 2300 F 2111 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 21877 Im 22000 F 20500 F 20000 F 18791 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 96544.6 Fc 95652.2 Fc 90708 Fc 86956.5 Fc 89014.7 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 13313 A 13294 A 14140 A 13863 A 13991 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 187956 A 188374 A 189749 A 199983 A 178862 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 141182 Fc 141699 Fc 134193 Fc 144257 Fc 127841 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13313 A 13294 A 14140 A 13863 A 13991 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 187956 A 188374 A 189749 A 199983 A 178862 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 141182 Fc 141699 Fc 134193 Fc 144257 Fc 127841 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 750 F 700 F 684 700 660
Watermelons Production Quantity 12750 F 12000 F 11630 F 11500 11220
Watermelons Yield 170000 Fc 171429 Fc 170029 Fc 164286 Fc 170000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 193400 153500 179300 117700 137100
Wheat Production Quantity 611200 454100 532600 326000 205800
Wheat Seed 26983 Fc 21274 Fc 16885 Fc 19723 Fc 12947 Fc
Wheat Yield 31602.9 Fc 29583.1 Fc 29704.4 Fc 27697.5 Fc 15010.9 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 14378 Fm 14362 Fm 14617 Fm 14780 Fm 14553 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 931 Q 931 Q 931 I 931 I 931 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 200 Q 178 Q 173 Q 180 Q 157 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 931 Q 931 Q 931 I 931 I 931 I
Arable land Area 1807 Fm 1695 Fm 1881 Fm 1661 Fm 1340 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1846 Fm 1733 Fm 1912 Fm 1694 Fm 1373 Fm
Country area Area 17622 Q 17622 Q 17622 W 17622 W 17622 W
Fallow land Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm
Forest area Area 1788.8 Fm 1744 Q 1699.2 Fm 1654.4 Fm 1609.6 Fm
Inland water Area 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm
Land area Area 17502 Q 17502 Q 17502 W 17502 W 17502 W
Other land Area 1335.2 Fm 1396 Fm 1185.8 Fm 1067.6 Fm 1339.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 39 Q 38 Q 31 Q 33 Q 33 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 12532 Fm 12629 Fm 12705 Fm 13086 Fm 13180 Fm
Temporary crops Area 1430 Q 1320 Q 1501 Q 1240 Q 913 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 277 Fm 275 Fm 280 Fm 321 Fm 327 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 218 Fm 218 Fm 218 Fm 218 Fm 218 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 14591 Fm 14740 Fm 14740 Fm 14842 Fm 14842 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 169 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 759 I
Arable land Area 1292 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1323 Fm 1340 Fm 1340 Fm 1342 Fm 1342 Fm
Country area Area 17622 W 17622 W 17622 W 17622 Q 17622 Q
Fallow land Area 150 Fm
Forest area Area 1564.8 Fm 1520 Q 1498.4 Fm 1476.8 Fm 1455.2 Fm
Inland water Area 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm
Land area Area 17502 W 17502 W 17502 W 17502 Q 17502 Q
Other land Area 1346.2 Fm 1242 Fm 1263.6 Fm 1183.2 Fm 1204.8 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 2427 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 10841 Q
Permanent crops Area 31 Q 40 Fm 40 Fm 42 F 42 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 13268 Q 13400 Fm 13400 Fm 13500 Fm 13500 Fm
Temporary crops Area 816 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 326 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 218 Fm 218 Fm 218 Q 210 F 202 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files