Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Uruguay

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Datasheet

Uruguay

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 3,461,734 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 16,230 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 56,185.82 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 56,045.91 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 5.90 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentInvernizzi et al. (2011); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); Pruvost et al. (1992); Vernière et al. (1998); Li et al. (2007); Paola et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentFrommel (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedFrederiksen and Renfro (1977); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentBarnes et al. (2003); Wyk et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Alaniz et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedMillar and Minter (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentSessa et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentAbreo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Costanzo et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentEPPO (2022); Wikee et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBettucci et al. (2004)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedInvasiveRebuffo (1990); Li DaPeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, WidespreadNativeSpegazzini (1889); Telechea et al. (2003); Pérez et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); Pérez et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentIntroducedHernández (2005); Stewart et al. (2005); Stewart et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentPerea and Diaz de Ackermann (1981); CIMMYT (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, Few occurrencesMazzoni et al. (2003); Borteiro et al. (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMonro (1938); Brugnoli et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentNunez and Maeso (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin (1854)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); Calvo et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedDiniz et al. (2003); Diniz et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)Absent, Formerly presentErazo-Moreno et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentDolores Rodríguez et al. (2003); Grille et al. (2011); Arruabarrena et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGrille et al. (2011); Arruabarrena et al. (2014); Arruabarrena et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCrespo and Valverde (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Pemberton and Cordo (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (2001); Tavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Calvo et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus rufangulusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBacchus (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurckhardt et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRossi and Martínez (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentGranara de Willink et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, WidespreadBosq (1943); Kober (1955); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentCastiglioni et al. (2016); Arnemann et al. (2016); Arnemann et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentFood and Agriculture Organization (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJorge et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedFaúndez and Silvera (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNewell and Barber (1913); Wild (2004); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentRuffinelli and Carbonell (1954); Morrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentGómez and Martínez (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)Presentde Biezanko et al. (1957); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresentSilva et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedBianchi et al. (2000); Iede et al. (2000); Morelli et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedCifuentes et al. (2011); Umpiérrez et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Abgrall et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2022); Granara de Willink et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQuintana (1961); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRusselliana solanicolaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRebuffo (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)Present, WidespreadNativePitts (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Biezanko et al. (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartínez and Bianchi (2010); Nadel et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTibraca limbativentris (stinkbug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentDolores Rodríguez et al. (2003); Arruabarrena et al. (2014); Arruabarrena et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSafari Club International (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FAO (1996); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBonino et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeLópez et al. (2005); Gutiérrez and García (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTeixeira et al. (2001); Flores Nava (2005); Laufer et al. (2008); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLombardi et al. (2015); Grossi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Taylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWalne (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampos and Calvo (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScarabino and Verde (1995); Brugnoli et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentSimone (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHayes et al. (2008); Hayes et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGiberto et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadMinagawa and Maeso-Tozzi (1990); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRobertson et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentAlvarez Argudin (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor (1960); Coll and Oliveira (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeMartius et al. (1840)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); Dommergues et al. (1999); ISSG (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum brachychaetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Soreng (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedRosengurtt et al. (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentBarringer (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedGuerreiro and Lizarazu (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedNorman (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrfeo Crosa and Bancheva (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPlá et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveReinert et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedCabrera (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1997); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus uruguayensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasivePiggin (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Cook and Urmi-König (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRosengurtt et al. (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveComité Nacional de Especies Exóticas Invasoras (2010); Pereira Machín (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentConstantino (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019); Jorge et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedTelechea et al. (2003); Soria et al. (2014); Jorge et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Calvo et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveFrioni et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2013); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclastonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, LocalizedNativeFlora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedUzzell (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Castiglioni and Navia (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeOrchard (1981); Arocena and Mazzeo (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, LocalizedNativeErb (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Calvo et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeDendinagi (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedSoreng et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSimberloff et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveRichardson et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Zuloaga et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedRios et al. (2008); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentNativePopenoe (1920); Calvo et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentSindel et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentNativeErb (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentArruabarrena et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrstić et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeRoe (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativePOWO (2020); Arruabarrena et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Nee (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeCastro (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFonseca et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCosta et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMasciadri et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentMorong and Britton (1893); Alonso Paz and Bassagoda (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMarzocca (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeOlano et al. (1996); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein and Sipman (1978)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadMendez and Brazeiro (1993)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentBitancourt (1940); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Colnago et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentCardozo et al. (1981); Quintana et al. (1992); Solari (1994); Guglielmone (1995); OIE Handistatus (2005); Berdie et al. (undated)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Capano et al. (1976); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Nari and Solari (1991); Cardozo et al. (1994)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentRivero et al. (2013)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); Paravis et al. (1995); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, Few occurrencesMazzoni et al. (2003); Borteiro et al. (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentHirigoyen and Bermudez (1991)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); Invernizzi et al. (2011); OIE (2019)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentPastorino et al. (2008)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2020); Cremonte et al. (2005); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); Errico and Bermúdez (1983); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentSienra et al. (1988)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadApolo et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentRiet Correa et al. (1977)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentFerrer et al. (1978)
surraAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested2,2752,816 Im2,836 Im2,6772,703
Production quantity42,32248,373 Im48,471 Im37,67555,454
Yield186,031 Fc171,779 Fc170,913 Fc140,736 Fc205,157 Fc
BarleyArea harvested167,300153,000190,00092,70099,500
Production quantity637,800385,000678,000354,800243,200
Yield38,123 Fc25,163 Fc35,684 Fc38,274 Fc24,442 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested5,268 Im5,287 Im5,305 Im5,355 Im5,059 Im
Production quantity3,343 Im3,352 Im3,362 Im3,394 Im3,190 Im
Yield6,346 Fc6,340 Fc6,337 Fc6,338 Fc6,306 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested336 Im339 Im341 Im339 Im354 Im
Production quantity1,054 Im1,070 Im1,082 Im1,085 Im1,146 Im
Yield31,369 Fc31,563 Fc31,730 Fc32,006 Fc32,373 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested319 Im327 Im334 Im349 Im368 Im
Production quantity615 Im633 Im651 Im676 Im722 Im
Yield19,279 Fc19,358 Fc19,491 Fc19,370 Fc19,620 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested402 Im400 Im398 Im399 Im393 Im
Production quantity3,878 Im3,842 Im3,806 Im3,787 Im3,712 Im
Yield96,468 Fc96,050 Fc95,628 Fc94,912 Fc94,453 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested3,800 Im3,798 Im3,796 Im3,887 Im3,738 Im
Production quantity3,915 Im3,868 Im3,820 Im3,837 Im3,619 Im
Yield10,303 Fc10,184 Fc10,063 Fc9,871 Fc9,682 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,075 Im1,159 Im1,200 F1,160 Im1,188
Production quantity24,862 Im25,032 Im25,400 F25,089 Im27,732
Yield231,274 Fc215,979 Fc211,667 Fc216,284 Fc233,434 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested669,089 A637,898 A705,253 A759,961 A868,938 A
Production quantity3,565,131 A2,513,568 A3,565,402 A3,621,309 A3,599,919 A
Yield53,283 Fc39,404 Fc50,555 Fc47,651 Fc41,429 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested205 Im209 Im218 Im223 Im221
Production quantity14,788 Im14,703 Im14,913 Im15,099 Im14,539
Yield721,366 Fc703,493 Fc684,083 Fc677,085 Fc657,873 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested14,108 A13,929 A14,464 A14,848 A15,101 A
Production quantity242,644 A216,861 A264,052 A271,114 A252,037 A
Yield171,990 Fc155,690 Fc182,558 Fc182,593 Fc166,901 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested26,287 A27,051 A27,928 A28,329 A29,093 A
Production quantity420,468 A420,439 A459,371 A455,921 A454,751 A
Yield159,953 Fc155,425 Fc164,484 Fc160,938 Fc156,309 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested655 Im652 Im649 Im645 Im634 Im
Production quantity5,021 Im4,977 Im4,933 Im4,894 Im4,752 Im
Yield76,656 Fc76,334 Fc76,009 Fc75,876 Fc74,953 Fc
GarlicArea harvested162 Im218 Im190 F150 F148
Production quantity893 Im1,187 Im1,000 F800 F704
Yield55,123 Fc54,450 Fc52,632 Fc53,333 Fc47,568 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested7370778590
Production quantity7908861,0741,2311,491
Yield108,219 Fc126,571 Fc139,481 Fc144,824 Fc165,667 Fc
GrapesArea harvested6,1446,3436,5626,8007,091
Production quantity86,229104,93295,691104,50693,200
Yield140,347 Fc165,430 Fc145,826 Fc153,685 Fc131,434 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested3,671 Im3,593 Im3,515 Im3,416 Im3,228 Im
Production quantity1,976 Im1,936 Im1,896 Im1,843 Im1,720 Im
Yield5,383 Fc5,388 Fc5,394 Fc5,395 Fc5,328 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested2,5822,2491,8741,5851,507
Production quantity47,42237,88437,99335,68836,222
Yield183,664 Fc168,448 Fc202,737 Fc225,161 Fc240,358 Fc
LinseedArea harvested1,962 Im2,229 Im2,580 Im3,050 Im3,976 Im
Production quantity2,452 Im2,775 Im3,200 Im3,809 Im4,771 Im
Yield12,497 Fc12,450 Fc12,403 Fc12,489 Fc11,999 Fc
MaizeArea harvested107,00071,20066,00083,00083,000
Production quantity816,000309,000471,000487,000479,000
Yield76,262 Fc43,399 Fc71,364 Fc58,675 Fc57,711 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested89 Im92 Im93 Im126 Im197
Production quantity649 Im646 Im668 Im835 Im1,152
Yield72,921 Fc70,217 Fc71,828 Fc66,270 Fc58,477 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested91 Im95 Im97 Im122 Im135
Production quantity2,027 Im2,075 Im2,107 Im2,452 Im2,507
Yield222,747 Fc218,421 Fc217,216 Fc200,984 Fc185,704 Fc
OatsArea harvested15,58925,70019,00022,10042,000
Production quantity34,81652,70032,00042,00076,000
Yield22,334 Fc20,506 Fc16,842 Fc19,005 Fc18,095 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,036,487 A1,162,822 A1,153,495 A1,177,766 A1,371,536 A
Production quantity2,948,022 A1,411,721 A3,285,229 A2,269,787 A3,172,544 A
Yield28,442 Fc12,140 Fc28,481 Fc19,272 Fc23,131 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,029,187 A1,155,822 A1,148,095 A1,172,466 A1,367,416 A
Production quantity2,292,191 A1,087,544 A2,571,416 A1,772,020 A2,484,315 A
Yield22,272 Fc9,409 Fc22,397 Fc15,114 Fc18,168 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,036,487 A1,162,822 A1,153,495 A1,177,766 A1,371,536 A
Production quantity550,981 A266,054 A603,158 A418,236 A580,903 A
Yield5,316 Fc2,288 Fc5,229 Fc3,551 Fc4,235 Fc
OlivesArea harvested7,3007,0005,4005,3004,120
Production quantity22,011 Im21,010 Im16,133 Im15,135 Im16,144 Im
Yield30,152 Fc30,014 Fc29,876 Fc28,557 Fc39,184 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested1,390 Im1,410 Im1,432 Im1,540 Im1,531
Production quantity31,162 Im30,946 Im31,298 Im31,303 Im30,438
Yield224,187 Fc219,475 Fc218,561 Fc203,266 Fc198,811 Fc
OrangesArea harvested6,1076,4537,0327,4187,593
Production quantity115,688106,864131,972139,100112,042
Yield189,435 Fc165,604 Fc187,673 Fc187,517 Fc147,560 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested1,2961,374 Im1,406 Im1,3881,606
Production quantity12,83213,818 Im13,929 Im12,85816,855
Yield99,012 Fc100,568 Fc99,068 Fc92,637 Fc104,950 Fc
PearsArea harvested637739 Im800 F767751
Production quantity11,00411,245 Im12,000 F4,98612,593
Yield172,747 Fc152,165 Fc150,000 Fc65,007 Fc167,683 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested1,281 Im1,280 Im1,278 Im1,281 Im1,274 Im
Production quantity2,741 Im2,737 Im2,731 Im2,735 Im2,723 Im
Yield21,397 Fc21,383 Fc21,369 Fc21,351 Fc21,374 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested246263 Im267 Im252255
Production quantity2,5602,231 Im2,133 Im1,2592,038
Yield104,065 Fc84,829 Fc79,888 Fc49,960 Fc79,922 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested4,0534,1674,7694,4244,234
Production quantity94,40087,00094,32789,00072,913
Yield232,914 Fc208,783 Fc197,792 Fc201,175 Fc172,208 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested6,868 A6,894 A6,917 A6,985 A6,701 A
Production quantity6,699 A6,722 A6,744 A6,805 A6,635 A
Yield9,754 Fc9,751 Fc9,750 Fc9,742 Fc9,902 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,966 Im2,001 Im2,059 Im2,034 Im2,084
Production quantity25,983 Im25,715 Im25,417 Im24,985 Im25,222
Yield132,162 Fc128,511 Fc123,443 Fc122,837 Fc121,027 Fc
QuincesArea harvested180182 Im185 Im169166
Production quantity4,2874,380 Im4,503 Im4,6534,222
Yield238,167 Fc240,659 Fc243,405 Fc275,325 Fc254,337 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested55,00051,00053,00026,00026,212
Production quantity90,70052,00052,00041,00040,909
Yield16,491 Fc10,196 Fc9,811 Fc15,769 Fc15,607 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested145,000162,400164,457161,194160,700
Production quantity1,200,0001,247,0001,409,5821,304,6721,396,100
Yield82,759 Fc76,786 Fc85,711 Fc80,938 Fc86,876 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity800,400 Fc831,749 Fc940,191 Fc870,216 Fc931,199 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested12,858 A12,852 A13,348 A12,820 A12,484 A
Production quantity174,844 A166,625 A173,260 A167,758 A149,370 A
Yield135,981 Fc129,649 Fc129,802 Fc130,856 Fc119,649 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
SorghumArea harvested32,00028,80047,00067,00081,000
Production quantity145,00076,000214,000238,000326,000
Yield45,313 Fc26,389 Fc45,532 Fc35,522 Fc40,247 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested966,0001,099,0001,089,0001,140,0001,334,000
Production quantity2,828,0001,334,0003,212,0002,208,0003,109,000
Yield29,275 Fc12,138 Fc29,495 Fc19,368 Fc23,306 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Sugar caneArea harvested6,431 Im6,2006,2007,6007,100
Production quantity358,547 Im356,000347,700367,700443,000
Yield557,529 Fc574,194 Fc560,806 Fc483,816 Fc623,944 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested6,431 A6,200 A6,200 A7,600 A7,100 A
Production quantity358,547 A356,000 A347,700 A367,700 A443,000 A
Yield557,529 Fc574,194 Fc560,806 Fc483,816 Fc623,944 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested2,554 ImF
Production quantity2,883 ImF
Yield11,288 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested8,805 Im8,685 Im8,579 Im8,396 Im8,250 Im
Production quantity80,444 Im79,625 Im78,933 Im78,758 Im76,457 Im
Yield91,362 Fc91,681 Fc92,007 Fc93,804 Fc92,675 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested5,3465,1575,4815,7605,911
Production quantity78,74471,22793,01395,095102,282
Yield147,295 Fc138,117 Fc169,701 Fc165,095 Fc173,037 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested817 Im819 Im822 Im824 Im817 Im
Production quantity3,307 Im3,286 Im3,265 Im3,254 Im3,164 Im
Yield40,477 Fc40,122 Fc39,720 Fc39,490 Fc38,727 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested386 Im451 Im480 F473 Im484
Production quantity31,921 Im35,552 Im36,000 F35,802 Im35,235
Yield826,969 Fc788,293 Fc750,000 Fc756,913 Fc727,996 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested8,020 A8,336 A8,411 A8,394 A8,574 A
Production quantity175,210 A177,139 A177,884 A177,285 A178,117 A
Yield218,466 Fc212,499 Fc211,490 Fc211,204 Fc207,741 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested2,009 Im2,057 Im2,000 F1,950 F1,974 Im
Production quantity40,020 Im38,446 Im38,300 F38,500 F38,237 Im
Yield199,204 Fc186,903 Fc191,500 Fc197,436 Fc193,703 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested655 Im658 Im662 Im661 Im651 Im
Production quantity11,542 Im11,547 Im11,552 Im11,524 Im11,093 Im
Yield176,214 Fc175,486 Fc174,502 Fc174,342 Fc170,399 Fc
WheatArea harvested198,400193,000215,000330,080399,000
Production quantity727,600440,000757,0001,191,0001,076,000
Yield36,673 Fc22,798 Fc35,209 Fc36,082 Fc26,967 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea14,016 Fm14,045 Fm14,091 Fm14,294 Fm14,295 Fm
AgricultureArea14,016 Fc14,045 Fc14,091 Fc14,294 Fc14,295 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea223 Fc223 Fc223 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea2,147 I1,882 I1,657 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area2,147 I1,882 I1,657 I1,307 I1,307 I
Arable landArea1,977 Fm2,006 Fm2,052 Fm2,255 Fm2,256 Fm
Country areaArea17,622 Q17,622 Q17,622 Q17,622 Q17,622 Q
CroplandArea2,016 Fm2,045 Fm2,091 Fm2,294 Fm2,295 Fm
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea211 Q211 Q211 Q
Forest landArea1,989 Q1,968 Q1,947 Q1,920 Q1,882 Fm
Inland watersArea120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm
Land areaArea17,502 Q17,502 Q17,502 Q17,502 Q17,502 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea263 Q263 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea263 Fm263 Fm258 Fm254 Fm250 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea12,000 Fm12,000 Fm12,000 Fm12,000 Fm12,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea39 Fm39 Fm39 Fm39 Fm39 Fm
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea540 Q540 Q521 Q521 Q521 W
Land under temporary cropsArea1,247 Fm1,276 Fm1,341 Fm1,544 Fm1,545 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea190 Fm190 Fm190 Fm190 Fm190 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea849 Q849 Q849 Q849 Q830 Fm
Other landArea1,497 Fc1,490 Fc1,464 Fc1,288 Fc1,325 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea1,500 Fm1,500 Fm1,500 Fm1,500 Fm1,500 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea10,500 Fm10,500 Fm10,500 Fm10,500 Fm10,500 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area12 Q12 Q12 Q
Planted ForestArea1,140 Q1,119 Q1,098 Q1,071 Q1,053 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea1,882 I
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area1,882 I1,657 I1,307 I
Primary ForestArea313 Fm313 Fm313 Q311 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.