Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

USA

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Datasheet

USA

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 328,239,523 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 65,850 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 21,615,817.53 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 21,433,226.00 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 0.86 (2018)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
Dactylosternum hydrophiloidesPresentCABI (Undated)
Erythroneura vulnerataPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Ivey and Miller (2000); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Present, LocalizedHarveson et al. (2006); Harveson and Vidaver (2007); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Renibacterium salmoninarumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadLee et al. (1993); Lee et al. (1993); Lee et al. (2001); Lee et al. (2003); Mollov et al. (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing (LY))Present, LocalizedBroschat et al. (2002); Harrison et al. (2002); Harrison et al. (2008); Zwolińska et al. (2012); Ferguson and Singh (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma phoeniciumAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentInvasiveShaw et al. (1993); Jomantiene et al. (1998); Lee et al. (2001); Jacobs et al. (2003); Munyaneza et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (elm yellows)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSwingle (1938); Bretz and Swingle (1946); Gibson (1977); Sinclair (2000); EPPO (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); Wardell (1982); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Present, LocalizedPine and Gilmer (1976); UK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedKirkpatrick et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); Kumagai et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsentOIE (2019); Frelier et al. (1992); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bové (2006); NAPPO (2008); Tatineni et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); NAPPO (2009); NAPPO (2012); Walter et al. (2012); Yan et al. (2016); CABI/EPPO (2017); Yaqub et al. (2017); Martini et al. (2018); Stelinski (2019); Oliver et al. (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tardaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadInvasiveRusso et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Duan et al. (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentNativeFrank (1998); Singer et al. (1998)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, LocalizedInvasiveYap et al. (2004); McNally et al. (2017); Ge et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Pernezny and Raid (2001); Patel et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); Pradhanang et al. (2002); Kim et al. (2003); Ji et al. (2007); Hong et al. (2008); Duan et al. (2009); Ruhl et al. (2011)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); Anith et al. (2004)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella arizonaePresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella typhimuriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, LocalizedSchubert et al. (2001); Gottwald et al. (2002); Li et al. (2007); Gottwald et al. (2009); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); Lin HsinCheng et al. (2012); NAPPO (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas vasicola pv. vasculorum (bacterial leaf streak of corn)PresentDamicone et al. (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresentCABI (Undated); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, WidespreadHartman et al. (1995); Barnard et al. (1998); McElrone et al. (1999); Purcell et al. (1999); Sanderlin and Heyderich-Alger (2000); Wichman et al. (2000); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Almeida and Purcell (2003); Almeida and Purcell (2003); Huang (2004); Chen et al. (2005); Groves et al. (2005); Francis et al. (2006); Olson et al. (2006); Shapland et al. (2006); McGaha et al. (2007); Myers et al. (2007); Randall et al. (2007); Wallingford et al. (2007); Anas et al. (2008); Chen et al. (2008); Chang et al. (2009); Harmon and Hopkins (2009); Smith et al. (2009); Singh et al. (2010); Randall et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); Hilton et al. (2017); Ali et al. (2020); Loyd and Bechtel (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomycesPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2011); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIsakeit and Jaster (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentMilburn and Gravatt (1932); Saavedra et al. (2007); Schwingle et al. (2007); Reeser et al. (2008); Warfield et al. (2008); Balci et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKenerley and Bruck (1983); Barnard et al. (1986); Haygood et al. (1986); Ploetz and Parrado (1987); Caruso and Wilcox (1990); Ellis et al. (1993); Benson and Grand (2000); Swiecki et al. (2003); Moorman et al. (2004); Garbelotto et al. (2006); Balci et al. (2007); Schwingle et al. (2007); Reeser et al. (2008); Miller-Butler et al. (2009); Balci et al. (2010); Shands et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Nouri et al. (2018); Reed et al. (2019); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCABI (Undated); Tantius et al. (1986); Carter et al. (1990); Goodwin et al. (1995); Goodwin et al. (1999); Gavino and Fry (2002); Knapova and Gisi (2002); Deahl and Fravel (2003); Gevens and Seidl (2013); Wharton et al. (2015); Dangi et al. (2016)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, LocalizedHicks (2018); Davidson et al. (2002); Goheen et al. (2002); Maloney et al. (2002); Hansen et al. (2003); Hüberli et al. (2003); Murphy and Rizzo (2003); Hüberli et al. (2004); Hüberli et al. (2005); Hwang et al. (2006); Vettraino et al. (2006); Vettraino et al. (2006); Grünwald et al. (2008); Sutton et al. (2009); Yakabe and MacDonald (2010); Riley and Chastagner (2011); Riley et al. (2011); Alexander (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Garbelotto et al. (2014); Osterbauer et al. (2014); Grünwald et al. (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); Rooney-Latham et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Leboldus et al. (2018); Rooney-Latham et al. (2020); Elliott et al. (2021); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Tiffany et al. (1990); Gulya (2002); Dankers et al. (2004); Hong (2006); Rivera et al. (2014); Palmateer et al. (2015); Rivera et al. (2015); Salgado-Salazar et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Gauthier and Amsden (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1990); Tian and Smith (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2004); Klingeman et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)Present, LocalizedSomerville et al. (1984); Crowe et al. (1995); Toit et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedNAPPO (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Ivors et al. (2012); LaMondia et al. (2012); Malapi-Wight et al. (2014); Gehesquière et al. (2016); Iriarte et al. (2016); Kong et al. (2017); Blomquist et al. (2018); Yang Xiao and Hong ChuanXue (2018); Emanuel et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, WidespreadNativeWebster and Butler (1967); Roux et al. (2000); Engelbrecht and Harrington (2005); Wyk et al. (2006); Keith et al. (2015); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedNativePirone (1938); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAlderman et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); Denoyes and Baudry (1985); Freeman et al. (2000); Turechek et al. (2002); Guerber et al. (2003); Olatinwo et al. (2003); Mertely and Peres (2005); Mackenzie et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); French et al. (2013); Jordan et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Milgroom and Lipari (1995); Radócz and Tarcali (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentBaumgartner et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)PresentCABI (Undated); Mathew et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2005); Úrbez-Torres et al. (2006); Choudhury et al. (2014); Kim et al. (2016); Twomey et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, WidespreadRedlin (1991); Zhang and Blackwell (2002); CABI and EPPO (2004); Cheng et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); Costanzo et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFourie et al. (2009); Dita et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); Czislowski et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentCABI (Undated); Blain (1931); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994); Skovgaard et al. (2001); Abo et al. (2005); Holmes et al. (2009); Bennett et al. (2011); Cianchetta et al. (2015); Halpern et al. (2018); Zhu et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentWinter (1885); Nolen (1926); Cole (1953); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGeosmithia morbida (thousand cankers disease)Present, LocalizedInvasiveKolařík et al. (2011); Fisher et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Hadziabdic et al. (2014); Yaghmour et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, LocalizedEnebak and Carey (2003); Wikler et al. (2003); Vogler et al. (2004); Garbelotto et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1989); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Present, LocalizedNAPPO (2010); McMillan (1986); USDA-APHIS (2010); USDA-APHIS (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Schubert et al. (2012); NAPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2000); Moretti et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedPfister et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Stanosz et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentCABI (Undated); Jacobi et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMoparthi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaRaffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFraedrich et al. (2008); Harrington et al. (2008); Rusnak (2009); Smith et al. (2009); Smith et al. (2009); Crane and Smith (2010); Harrington and Fraedrich (2010); Riggins et al. (2010); Riggins et al. (2010); Fraedrich et al. (2011); Harrington et al. (2011); Bates et al. (2013); Hughes et al. (2014); Fraedrich et al. (2015); Menard et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Mayfield et al. (2019); Loyd et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Rocca et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentCABI (Undated); Stanosz and Smith (1996); Wet et al. (2000); Burgess et al. (2001); Stanosz et al. (2001); Blodgett et al. (2003); Ong et al. (2007); Stanosz et al. (2007); Whitehill et al. (2007); Oblinger et al. (2009); Stanosz et al. (2009); Paez and Smith (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentLee et al. (1993)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentCABI (Undated); Nielsen et al. (2009); Wilson et al. (2009); Wilson and Schiff (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, LocalizedRayachhetry et al. (2001); Rayamajhi et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, WidespreadBoyce (1961); UK, CAB International (1983); Neuenschwander et al. (1999); Johnson and Jacobi (2000); Smith and Hoffman (2000); Smith et al. (2000); Blodgett and Sullivan (2004); Vogler and Charlet (2004); McDonald et al. (2006); Zambino et al. (2007); Fairweather and Geils (2011); Frederick et al. (2011); Wilson et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Vogler et al. (2017); Vogler et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Yun et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); Worrall et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresentCABI (Undated); Worrall et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Ono (2000); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS, SBML. Hernández, J. R. (2004); Harmon et al. (2005); Schneider et al. (2005); Hershman et al. (2006); Isakeit et al. (2006); Koenning et al. (2006); Lynch et al. (2006); Mullen et al. (2006); Sconyers et al. (2006); Hartman et al. (2007); Jurick et al. (2007); Koenning et al. (2007); Li et al. (2007); Gevens et al. (2008); Li et al. (2008); Delaney et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentCABI (Undated); NAPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated); Jin (2005); Peterson et al. (2005)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); Griesbach et al. (1991); NAPPO (2004); NAPPO (2006); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); CABI and EPPO (2008); NAPPO (2008); Backer et al. (2011); O'Keefe and Davis (2012); Demers et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Comstock et al. (2008); Grisham et al. (2013); Grisham et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSerpula vermicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Absent, Intercepted onlyBPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedUK, CAB International (1996); Riccioni et al. (2006); Allen et al. (2008); NAPPO (2009); NAPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1991); McBeath et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentCABI (Undated); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBoccardiella ligericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma nigromaculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaDendrobaena venetaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaEisenia andreiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaGianius aquaedulcisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides branchyacanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides crucigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaNeodexiospira foraminosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora nuchalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bavaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bedotiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix moldaviensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix vejdovskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudopolydora kempiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudopolydora paucibranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPygospio elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabella spallanzaniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabellastarte sanctijosephi (Featherduster worm)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabellastarte spectabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSalmacina dysteri (Serpulid worm)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirobranchus kraussiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaTeneridrilus mastixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaTubificoides diaziPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantholobulus pacificusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthomysis asperaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthomysis bowmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWoodward and Quinn (2011); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartiella sinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris varieganaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, LocalizedNew York State Department of Agriculture (2010); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seto and Shelton (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Annand (1928); Johnson and Wright (1957); Mitchell et al. (1961); Amman and Speers (1964); Amman (1970); Amman and Fedde (1971); Hastings et al. (1979); Gast et al. (1990); Hollingsworth and Hain (1992); Overhulser et al. (2004); Moore et al. (2008); Rose and Nicholas (2008); Jetton et al. (2011); Toenshoff et al. (2012); Spiegel et al. (2013); Mester et al. (2015); Denico (2016); Hrinkevich et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Habeck (1963); Habeck (1964); Tsutsumi et al. (1993); Cole et al. (1996); McQuate and Jameson (2011); Spafford et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes aegyptiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus auroguttatus (goldspotted oak borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHaack et al. (2002); Mastro and Reardon (2003); CABI and EPPO (2006); Petrice and Haack (2006); Anulewicz et al. (2008); Liu and Bauer (2008); NAPPO (2008); NAPPO (2008); NAPPO (2008); Nzokou et al. (2008); Pureswaran and Poland (2009); Marshall et al. (2010); NAPPO (2010); Bray et al. (2011); McCullough et al. (2011); Francese et al. (2013); NAPPO (2013); Herms and McCullough (2014); Pfister (2014); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Valenta et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberulaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Hart et al. (1978); Dowell et al. (1979); Culliney et al. (2003); Meagher and French (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Kumashiro et al. (1983); Cherry (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus rugioperculatus (rugose spiralling whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara anthobiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara aulicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma latumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmpithoe longimanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationStone (1942); UK, CAB International (1958); Foote et al. (1993); Steck (2003); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2012); NAPPO (2013); Aluja et al. (2014); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2017); NAPPO (2017); NAPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2011); Foote et al. (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2001); NAPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentFoote et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFoote et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); Hennessey et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndaspis hawaiiensis (Hawaiian scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, EradicatedLingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCavey et al. (1998); Nowak et al. (2001); Haack et al. (2006); NAPPO (2008); NAPPO (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); Dodds et al. (2014); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2017); Coyle et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoscopus albifronsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus pimpinellaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntispila oinophyllaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)Present, LocalizedWilliams and Williams (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Wintermantel and Natwick (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Akey and Butler (1989); Grafton-Cardwell (1991); O'Brien et al. (1992); Rosenheim et al. (1993); Parajulee et al. (1997); Rosenheim et al. (1997); Diaz et al. (2015); Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic et al. (2019); Avelar et al. (2019); Thiessen et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentCABI (Undated); Miller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Diaz et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentCABI (Undated); Nielsen et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApocyclops dengizicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips fuscocupreanusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNAPPO (1996); LaGasa (1997); Maier and Mastro (1998); Maier (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Smith (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsellus hilgendorfiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsterolecanium epidendriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatopsis immigransPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthrips rancidellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)PresentRomney (1939); Wallis (1946); Liu and Trumble (2006); Liu et al. (2006); Liu and Trumble (2007); Munyaneza et al. (2007); Hansen et al. (2008); Crosslin et al. (2012); Arp et al. (2014); Murphy et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); Thinakaran et al. (2015); Thinakaran et al. (2015); Munyaneza et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveArmstrong et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2003); Follett et al. (2009); Harris et al. (2010); Leblanc et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); Virgilio et al. (2010); McQuate (2011); Neeley et al. (2011); Boontop et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, LocalizedInvasiveSmith et al. (2003); Nakahara et al. (2008); Khamis et al. (2012); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); NAPPO (2013); NAPPO (2014); Leblanc et al. (2015); NAPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Vargas and Nishida (1985); Liquido et al. (1994); Peck and McQuate (2004); McQuate et al. (2013); Chang et al. (2014); NAPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)Present, LocalizedAthar (2005); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); Sirjani et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Present, Transient under eradicationCDFA (2020); Steck (2010); CABI and EPPO (2013); CDFA (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPalumbo et al. (2016); Palumbo and Natwick (2010); Bundy et al. (2012); Huang et al. (2013); Reed et al. (2013); Joseph (2014); Lambert and Dudley (2014); NAPPO (2015); Palumbo (2015); Palumbo and Carrière (2015); Palumbo et al. (2015); Taylor et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); Reed et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Koch et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus reticulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus trigonusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis miliarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCosta et al. (1993); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Sim et al. (2000); Ingram and Henn (2001); Abdullahi et al. (2003); Akad et al. (2007); Isakeit et al. (2007); Akad et al. (2008); Sá et al. (2008); Adkins et al. (2009); Shatters et al. (2009); Hernandez-Zepeda et al. (2010); McKenzie et al. (2012); Batuman et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Avelar et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, LocalizedCosta et al. (1993); Costa et al. (1993); McGrath et al. (1994); Barro et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); Byrne et al. (2000); Valverde et al. (2001); Byrne et al. (2003); McKenzie et al. (2004); Kuo et al. (2007); Shatters et al. (2009); Dooley et al. (2010); Sundaraj et al. (2011); McKenzie et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentInvasiveMcKenzie et al. (2012); Ahmed et al. (2009); McKenzie et al. (2009); Shatters et al. (2009);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRice and Silverman (2013); Allen (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveBaker and Tuttle (1964); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBryocyclops muscicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuprestis decoraPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedLaGasa (1999); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Present, LocalizedJohnson and Stiling (1998); Stiling and Moon (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHoebeke (1999); Humphreys and Allen (2000); Maier and Lemmon (2000); Maier (2007); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes bocourti (Bocourt swimming crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, LocalizedAitken (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia syringellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella scauraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCarlton and Cohen (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaridina weberiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMason (1932); Vargas et al. (1983); Liquido et al. (1990); Kourti et al. (1992); McPheron and Steck (1996); Davies et al. (1999); Gasperi et al. (2002); McQuate et al. (2005); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2005); Bokonon-Ganta et al. (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); Chang et al. (2009); NAPPO (2010); Vargas et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeroplastes destructor (white wax scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentCABI (Undated); Hoebeke and Griffin (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelura terebransPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedMedley et al. (1994); Muzinic et al. (2004); FAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Present, WidespreadNativeGill (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Passoa (1995); Swezey (1937)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1969); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChymomyza procnemoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara confinisPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara pruinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, EradicatedWyss (2000); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Landry (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1954); Jenkins et al. (2006); Nelson and Sorenson (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia maculipennis (blossom midge)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Messenger et al. (2002); Scheffrahn and Su (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013); Scheffrahn and Su (2005); Chouvenc et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium acherusicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium alienensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium mucronatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium uenoiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentNativeHalbert and Meeker (1998); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha marmorata (chrysanthemum lace bug)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrossopriza lyoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentCABI (Undated); O'Brien et al. (2001); MacKenzie and Iskra (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus cellarisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus integerPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1970); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacne pictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactylotrypes longicollisPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia galeata (waterflea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHavel and Shurin (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)Present, LocalizedNativePayne (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); Veysey et al. (2003); Moser et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Gillette et al. (2009); Costello and Schaupp (2011); Mitton and Ferrenberg (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeRoss and Arnett (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMabry et al. (2003); Yardim et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Nalepa (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedFrench et al. (2001); Tsai et al. (2002); Conant et al. (2006); Meyer et al. (2007); NAPPO (2008); NAPPO (2008); NAPPO (2008); Boina et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Thomas and Leon (2011); Walter et al. (2012); Kumagai et al. (2013); NAPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Martini et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus uvaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella filumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDigitonthophagus gazellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBritton (1915); Rohwer (1916); Middleton (1923); Wilson (1966); Wilson (1971); Coppel et al. (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Clement et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanaphis acerifoliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSteck (2009); IPPC (2010); Burrack et al. (2012); Everman et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); Klick et al. (2016); Ballman and Drummond (2017); Diepenbrock and McPhie (2018); Turcotte et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocoetes confusus (western balsam bark beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Burns et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedDixon et al. (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); NAPPO (2010); NAPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDynoides dentisinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated); González-Hernández et al. (1999); González-Hernández et al. (1999); Frank and Thomas (2004); González-Hernández et al. (2005); He YanBiao et al. (2012); Palma-Jiménez and Blanco-Meneses (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated); Beardsley (1959); Beardsley (1965); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Sether et al. (1998); Miller and Miller (2002); Sether et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElasmopus rapaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNAPPO (2007); NAPPO (2007); USA, USDA-APHIS (2007); Barr et al. (2009); NAPPO (2009); Shelly (2009); Barr et al. (2011); Buergi et al. (2011); Rubinoff et al. (2011); Tooman et al. (2011); Jang et al. (2012); Wang et al. (2012); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir japonica (Japanese mitten crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus brevipilosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulecanium excrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurylana arcuataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEskalen et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Swezey (1950); Thomas (2007); Carrillo et al. (2012); Eskalen et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExopalaemon modestus (Siberian prawn)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius virilis (virile crayfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFiorinia pinicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCrumb et al. (1941); Spencer (1947); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella cephalicaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI and EPPO (1999); Groves et al. (2002); Reitz (2002); Kirk and Terry (2003); Naidu et al. (2007); Webster et al. (2010); Koehler et al. (2016); Seal and Khan (2017); Sui et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentNative and IntroducedBousfield (1958); Bousfield (1969); Bousfield (1973); Grigorovich et al. (2008); Trebitz et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGeococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)PresentTrujillo et al. (1995); Beardsley (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMacAloney (1936); Dowden (1939); Smith (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlabropilumnus seminudusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonodactylaceus falcatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonodactylus aloha (Philippine mantis shrimp)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGracilia minutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Evenden and McLaughlin (2004); Kovancİ et al. (2004); Lame and Gut (2006); Lame et al. (2007); Kirk et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentCABI (Undated); Miller and LaGasa (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHoebeke and Carter (2003); Nielsen and Hamilton (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); Jhalendra Rijal and Duncan (2017); Penca and Hodges (2018); Britt et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentCABI (Undated); Reinert (1977); Tsai and Kirsch (1978); Howard and McCoy (1980); Reinert (1980); Meyerdirk and Hart (1982); Cherry and Howard (1984); Howard and Oropeza (1998); Hernández et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKoch et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, Formerly presentNAPPO (2016); NAPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentInvasiveLohrer and Whitlatch (2002); Lohrer et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentNapompeth (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterota plumbeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Present, LocalizedHopkins and Purcell (2002); Hoddle et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2005); Overall et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaack (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Petrice et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010); Kim et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); NAPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia morrisoniPresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIschyrocerus anguipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIziphya flabellaPresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Harrison (1987); Jacques et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothoe micronesiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGold (2003); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentMenzies (1957); Ruiz et al. (2000); NMNH (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLindingaspis rossi (black araucaria scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinyphia triangularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)IPPC (2009); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Absent, EradicatedNAPPO (2016); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongicaudus trirhodusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLopholeucaspis cockerelliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGansner and Herrick (1985); Peterson and Smitley (1991); Shields et al. (2003); Keena et al. (2008); Harrison et al. (2014); USDA-APHIS (2015); Wu et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)Absent, Intercepted onlyBaranchikov et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMatile-Ferrero et al. (2000); Jacobsen and Hara (2003); Follett (2004); Roltsch (2004); Zhang and Amalin (2005); Roltsch et al. (2006); Francis et al. (2007); Vitullo et al. (2007); Chong et al. (2008); Hall et al. (2008); Amalin et al. (2009); Vitullo et al. (2009); Castle and Prabhaker (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium lar (Tahitian prawn)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium macrobrachionPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus matsumuraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegacyclops viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelanotus dichrousPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMesocyclops ogunnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMesocyclops pehpeiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMesocyclops ruttneriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonocorophium uenoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium floricolaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Schlinger and Mackauer (1963); Jansson and Smilowitz (1986); Fenton et al. (1998); Eigenbrode et al. (2002); Foster et al. (2003); Srigiriraju et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); Horn (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNanosesarma minutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeandra marginicollisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Miller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLyons (1964); Coppel and Benjamin (1965); Wilson (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeopulvinaria innumerabilisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Baur et al. (2000); Cherry and Nuessly (2010); Temple et al. (2013); Esquivel (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2005); IPPC (2010); Stocks and Hodges (2010); Diepenbrock and Ahmed (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitidula flavomaculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitokra hibernicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNitokra incertaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentWarren (2000); Landolt et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus araucariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOcnerostoma piniariellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOdontofroggatia galiliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona omoscopaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Vorsino et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrganothrips indicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthione griffenis (Griffen's isopod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentCABI (Undated); Lee et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); Ohlendorf (1916); HDOA (2014); HDOA (2014); Marshall et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus clavipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus porcatusPresentHoebeke and Griffin (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); NAPPO (2010); Nagoshi et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPachygrapsus fakaravensis (Polynesian grapsid crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacerceis sculptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)Present, LocalizedPollard (1999); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Miller et al. (1999); CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacyclops bromeliacolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleucothoe flindersiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanchus albipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentMorris (1956); Eichlin and Duckworth (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParapleustes derzhaviniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina flavipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentSharma et al. (2013); Gotzek et al. (2012); Horn et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeliococcus serratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedMcCann et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus lyropictusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole moerensPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus graminicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)Absent, Intercepted onlyMyburgh and Kriegler (1967); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHanks et al. (1998); Paine et al. (2000); Kliejunas et al. (2001); Bybee et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhotis hawaiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); Heppner (1995); Heppner (1999); Legaspi et al. (2001); Guillen and Heraty (2002); Yang YuePing et al. (2006); Lapointe and Leal (2007); Xiao et al. (2007); Hoy et al. (2008); Stelinski and Rogers (2008); Heppner JB (2010); Stelinski et al. (2010); Xiao and Fadamiro (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris floribundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPilumnus oahuensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentChouvenc et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatychirograpsus spectabilis (saber crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlesiothrips perplexusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCervo et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentDiaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolypterus delheziPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedRanney and Walgenbach (1992); Loughrin et al. (1995); Switzer et al. (2001); Mabry et al. (2003); Szendrei et al. (2005); Keathley and Potter (2008); Morales-Rodriguez and Peck (2009); Seagraves et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFaulkes (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudacysta perseaePresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Present, LocalizedBorchsenius (1966); Duyn and Murphey (1971); Follett (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudeuophrys lanigeraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudeurostus hilleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated); Beardsley (1986); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus microcirculusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyroderces rileyi (corn, worm, pink)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); NAPPO (2007); Smith and Dixon (2008); Cocco and Hoy (2009); Peña et al. (2009); Beard et al. (2012); Carrillo et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Smith (1984); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Boyce (1934); Berlocher (1984); Riedl et al. (1989); Yokoyama and Miller (1993); Kasana and AliNiazee (1996); McPheron and Steck (1996); Chen et al. (2006); Yee and Goughnour (2008); Chen et al. (2010); Steenwyk et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); Yee and Goughnour (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Payne and Berlocher (1995); Barry et al. (2004); Teixeira and Polavarapu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Herrick (1920); Rock and Yeargan (1974); Reissig and Smith (1978); Prokopy and Berlocher (1980); Swift (1982); Feder et al. (1989); Jones et al. (1989); Messina (1989); McPheron (1990); Reissig et al. (1990); Berlocher and Enquist (1993); Berlocher et al. (1993); Berlocher and McPheron (1996); Reissig (2003); Yee and Goughnour (2008); Yee et al. (2012); Hood et al. (2013); Yee and Klaus (2015); Yee and Goughnour (2016); Powell et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinacloa pallidipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinoncus pericarpiusPresentHoebeke and Griffin (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBusck (1914); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Present, Transient under surveillanceNAPPO (2015); NAPPO (2011); Esparza-Díaz et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)Present, WidespreadStorey et al. (1982); Storey et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candidaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaptomyza adustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchizophrys aspera (spider crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchizotetranychus bambusaePresentNAPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); NAPPO (2005); Ludwig et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); Diffie and Srinivasan (2010); Farris et al. (2010); Hodges et al. (2010); Seal et al. (2010); Kumar et al. (2012); Cluever et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus lewisiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus recticollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSinocorophium heteroceratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Present, LocalizedBellows et al. (1990); Sorensen et al. (1990); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2006); Hoebeke et al. (2005); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2005); NAPPO (2006); NAPPO (2006); Wilson et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated); Bloem et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Storey et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSmeringopus pallidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009); McInnes and Tschinkel (1995); Plentovich et al. (2010); Gotzek et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Colby and Prowell (2006); Streett et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated); Streett et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis xyloni (southern fire ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaericus gibboidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma quoyanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma terebransPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Present, LocalizedHaggis (1986); Pogue (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentGreathead and Greathead (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenothoe validaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Present, LocalizedFollett and Gabbard (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrophosoma melanogrammumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys membraniferaPresentColby and Prowell (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSyntomeida epilais (oleander moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNAPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Li GuiMing et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThermocyclops crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Johnson (1986); Welter et al. (1990); Hata et al. (1991); Tsai et al. (1995); Seal (2004); Kox et al. (2005); O'Donnell and Parrella (2005); Seal (2005); Melzer et al. (2014); Seal and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis ulmiparvifoliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis zelkowaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentCABI (Undated); Barak et al. (2000); NAPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTortanus dextrilobatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Michaud (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentCastañé and Albajes (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); WSDA (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTychius cupriferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUmbonia crassicornisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentCABI (Undated); Wetterer and Porter (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)PresentCABI (Undated); French and Roeper (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); Fraedrich et al. (2015); Menard et al. (2016); Loyd et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); Cognato and Rubinoff (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLeavengood (2013); Barringer (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaAetea truncataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula robustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaCaulibugula caliculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaCaulibugula dendrograptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella unicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthurus sohal (Red Sea surgeonfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcrochordus javanicus (Javan Filesnake)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAequidens pulcher (blue acara)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAgamyxis pectinifrons (spotted raphael catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedLong (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnchoa mundeoloides (northern Gulf anchovy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis garmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis trinitatis (St Vincent bush anole)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAphyocharax anisitsi (bloodfin tetra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAplocheilus lineatus (striped panchax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApolemichthys xanthopunctatus (goldspotted angelfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jennings (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArothron diadematus (masked pufferfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidia sydneiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidia zaraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBalistoides conspicillum (clown triggerfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lejeusne et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadNativeMowbray et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, LocalizedNativeAbraham (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBufo blombergi (Columbian giant toad)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallichthys callichthys (cascarudo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)Present, WidespreadNativeGese et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNico and Schofield (2010); Froese and Pauly (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCentropyge flavissima (lemonpeel angel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCephalopholis urodeta (darkfin hind)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)PresentFeldhamer and Demerais (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChaetodon lunula (raccoon butterflyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChaetodontoplus mesoleucus (vermiculated angelfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo jacksoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelus fimbriatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChiloscyllium punctatum (brownbanded bambooshark)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChitala ornata (clown knife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla temensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma bimaculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma citrinellumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma labiatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma nicaraguensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma spilurum (blue-eyed cichlid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (Mayan cichlid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCiona intestinalis (sea vase)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCiona savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCirrhitichthys falco (dwarf hawkfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina lepadiformis (light bulb tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColpichthys regis (false grunion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus maraena (Maraena whitefish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella minutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorydoras aeneus (green corydoras)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopoma nigropannosum (twospot climbing perch)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCuora flavomarginata (Yellow-margined box turtle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynolebias bellottii (Argentine pearlfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynolebias nigripinnis (blackfin pearlfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynops pyrrhogaster (Japanese fire-bellied salamander)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoscion othonopterus (Gulf corvina)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoscion xanthulus (orangemouth corvina)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner)PresentNativeInvasivePage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyrtopodion scabrum (rough-tailed gecko)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDanio malabaricus (Malabar danio)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDendrobates auratus (Green and black dart-poison frog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDendrobates leucomelas (Yellow-banded dart-poison frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum candidum (white didemnid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum perlucidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedOsman and Whitlatch (2007); Carman and Grunden (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma macdonaldiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEcteinascidia turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus irroratus (Marquesan grouper)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus ongus (White-streaked grouper)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Page and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox reicherti (Amur pike)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEunectes murinus (green anaconda)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEunectes notaeus (yellow anaconda)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEusynstyela alienaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEusynstyela hartmeyeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGillichthys seta (shortjaw mudsucker)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGirella simplicidens (Gulf opaleye)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGlyptoperichthys gibbiceps (leopard pleco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGramma loreto (fairy basslet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)Present, LocalizedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGyrinocheilus aymonieri (Chinese algae-eater)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHaplochromis callipterus (eastern happy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemigrammus ocellifer (head-and-taillight tetra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeniochus diphreutesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeniochus intermedius (Red Sea bannerfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (goldspot herring)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeros severus (banded cichlid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHydrochoerus hydrochaeris (capybara)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHymenochirus boettgeri (Zaire dwarf clawed frog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHyphessobrycon serpae (serpae tetra)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypomesus nipponensis (wakasagi)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); US Fish and Wildlife Service (2019); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypsoblennius invemar (tessellated blenny)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Robins et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataKinosternon scorpioides (scorpion mud turtle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLabeo chrysophekadion (black sharkminnow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLacerta bilineata (western green lizard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLampropeltis californiae (California kingsnake)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Present, WidespreadNativeRobins et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)PresentMills et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeporinus fasciatus (banded leporinus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFraguglione (1963); Flux (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuresthes sardina (Gulf grunion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacrognathus siamensis (spotfin spiny eel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacropodus opercularis (paradisefish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMalayemys subtrijuga (Malayan snail-eating turtle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMelanochromis auratus (golden mbuna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMelanochromis johannii (bluegray mbuna)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMelanotaenia nigrans (black-banded rainbowfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMenticirrhus nasus (highfin kingfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMetynnis hypsauchen (silver dollar)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropogonias megalops (Gulf croaker)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMoenkhausia sanctaefilomenae (redeye tetra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFishbase (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMugilogobius cavifrons (mangrove goby)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMugilogobius parvus (helmeted goby)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyleus rubripinnis (redhook pacu)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNaso lituratus (orangespine unicornfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNothobranchius guentheri (redtail notho)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNotropis stramineusPresentNative and IntroducedCABI (Undated); NatureServe (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOmobranchus ferox (fang-toothed blenny)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNative and IntroducedPage and Burr (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); NatureServe (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadNativeLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus mordax (rainbow smelt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxydoras niger (ripsaw catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, WidespreadNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPalea steindachneri (wattle-necked softshell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPangio kuhlii (coolie loach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParablennius thysanius (blenny)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParachromis dovii (wolf cichlid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParachromis managuense (jaguar guapote)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParalichthys aestuarius (Cortez halibut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParauchenipterus galeatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelvicachromis pulcher (rainbow krib)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPeromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerophora japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasivePage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhallusia nigra (black sea squirt)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhenacogrammus interruptus (Congo tetra)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhractocephalus hemioliopterus (redtail catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); USGS (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPipa pipa (Suriname toad)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPlatemys platycephala (grooved sideneck)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPlatydoras costatus (Raphael catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPlatytropius siamensis (false Siamese shark)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPlectorhinchus chaetodonoides (spotted sweetlip)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia hybrid (lyretail black molly)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rixon et al. (2005); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia viviparaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyclinum constellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus annularis (blue ringed angelfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus asfur (Arabian angelfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus imperator (emperor angelfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus maculosus (yellowbar angelfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus semicirculatus (semicircle angelfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus xanthometopon (bluefaced angelfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentNativePage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentNativePage and Burr (1991); USGS NAS (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentCABI (Undated); Larson et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProterorhinus semilunaris (tubenose goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedUehling et al. (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois miles (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys anisitsi (southern sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys disjunctivus (vermiculated sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys pardalis (Amazon sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPygoplites diacanthus (regal angelfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPylodictis olivaris (flathead catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Page and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython bivittatus (Burmese python)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython sebae (African rock python)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)Present, LocalizedStorer (1962); Nass (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Samol (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentIntroducedAplin et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinecanthus aculeatus (lagoon triggerfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinecanthus verrucosus (bursa triggerfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinoclemmys pulcherrima (painted wood turtle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinogobius brunneus (Amur goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRivulus hartii (giant rivulus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo letnica (ohrid trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeRobins and Ray (1986); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentPage and Burr (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Robins et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSardinella marquesensis (Marquesan sardine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Crossman (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScinax rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSimpsonichthys whitei (Rio pearlfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSorubimichthys planiceps (firewood catfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); BirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela magalhaensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma brakenhielmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma reptansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTanichthys albonubes (white cloud mountain minnow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTelmatochromis bifrenatus (Lake Tanganyika dwarf cichlid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTetraodon nigroviridis (spotted green pufferfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia buttikoferi (zebra tilapia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRobins et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004); USGS (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys callirostris (South American red-lined turtle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys dorbigni (Brazilian slider)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichogaster leerii (pearl gourami)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopsis vittata (croaking gourami)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTridentiger barbatus (Shokihaze goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTupinambis merianae (black and white tegu)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTupinambis teguixin (golden tegu)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadNativeMarti et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus vittatus (bandedtail goatfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataValamugil engeli (kanda)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVieja synspila (quetzal cichlid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenentodon cancila (Asian needlefish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZebrasoma desjardinii (sailfin tang)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZebrasoma scopas (brown tang)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZebrasoma veliferum (sailfin tang)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZebrasoma xanthurum (yellowtail tang)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCarijoa riisei (branched pipe coral)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia hemisphaericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia latithecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene cincta (orange anemone)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene franciscana (San Francisco anemone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentNativeSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaObelia dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Smith et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); NAPPO (2019); NAPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara satowi (ark shell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnomia nobilis (jingle shell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufusPresentIntroducedZemanova et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAssiminea parasitologicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAstralium triumphansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBatillaria attramentaria (Japanese false cerith)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBithynia tentaculata (mud bithynia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBoonea bisuturalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCecina manchurica (Manchurian cecina)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama elatensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama fibulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacificaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCipangopaludina chinensis (Chinese mysterysnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCipangopaludina japonica (Japanese mysterysnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCittarium pica (West Indian topsnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCollisella striata (Striate limpet)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Britton and Morton (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedTaylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCuthona perca (Lake Merritt cuthona)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea clandestinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea cribrariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea gaspardiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCypraea hirundoPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDendrostrea sandvichensis (oyster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentCABI (Undated); McDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentGodan (1979); South (1992); McDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentCABI (Undated); Griffiths et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedUSGS-NAS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDrepanotrema cimex (ridged rams-horn)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDrepanotrema kermatoides (crested rams-horn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEubranchus misakiensis (Misaki balloon aeolis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEurosaria porariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGlossodoris sednaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGoniobasis livescens (liver elimia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea callidegenitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHinemoa indicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHipponix australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHyotissa hyotis (giant coxcomb oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLaternula marilina (littoral spoon clam)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLauria cylindraceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLeidyula floridana (Florida leatherleaf)PresentStange et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedQuick (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina brevicula (Asian periwinkle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLopha cristagalli (coxcomb oyster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Howells (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMauritia depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides turriculus (fawn melania)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonodonta labioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMyosotella myosotis (marsh snail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytella charruana (Charru mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DIAS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaNeptunea arthriticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOkenia plana (flat okenia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentMcDonnell et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DFAS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentNativeHill et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhiline auriformis (New Zealand sea slug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPila luzonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPila scutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada fucata martensi (pearl oyster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeTurgeon et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea bridgesii (spiketop applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHowells et al. (2006); Rawlings et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea diffusa (spike-topped applesnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea haustrum (titan applesnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRangia cuneataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaReishia clavigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQi (1998); Bryan (1919); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSakuraeolis enosimensis (white-tentacled Japanese aeolis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStenophysa marmorata (marbled aplexa)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStenophysa maugeriae (tawny aplexa)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTenellia adspersa (miniature aeolis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCarlton (1992); Turgeon et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheora lataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheora lubrica (Asian semele)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaThiara scabra (Pagoda tiara)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTruncatella subcylindrica (looping snail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTurbo marmoratus (great green turban)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTurbo soronatus coreensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaUrosalpinx cinerea (American oyster drill)PresentIntroducedCole (1942)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaValvata piscinalis (European stream valvata)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVitularia miliaris (spotted vitularia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaViviparus viviparusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Absent, Formerly presentMackesy and Sullivan (2016); CHRISTIE and PERRY (1959); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedAtkins and Todd (1959); Uchida and Sipes (1998); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadCourtney (1945); ESSER (1967); Uchida and Sipes (1998); Williamson et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Present, LocalizedStrider (1979); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Bekal and Becker (2000); Handoo et al. (2010); Zeng et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, WidespreadNativeWingfield and Blanchette (1983); Blunt et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadSteiner (1938); Krusberg (1961); Edwards and Taylor (1963); Hussey and Krusberg (1970); Evans et al. (1971); Chitwood and Krusberg (1977); Schnabelrauch et al. (1980); Boelter et al. (1985); Griffin (1990); Griffin (1991); Westerdahl et al. (1991); Wendt et al. (1994); Simmons et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2009); Mollov et al. (2012); Testen et al. (2014); Madani et al. (2015); French et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesDurham (2007); Hafez et al. (2007); Skantar et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); USDA-APHIS-PPQ (2013); NAPPO (2014); NAPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNAPPO (2003); CABI/EPPO (2011); Oro et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentLownsbery and Lownsbery (1954); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Wang and Hooks (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedWinstead et al. (1955); Ramarao Venkatesh et al. (2000); Niblack et al. (2003); Allen et al. (2005); Mitchum et al. (2007); Hershman et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2011); Toumi et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); Wang et al. (2017); Yan et al. (2017); Ye (2017); Howland et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)Present, Few occurrencesThorne (1961); Handoo et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Johnson et al. (1996); Church and Rosskopf (2005); Kaur et al. (2007); Kokalis-Burelle et al. (2012); Moore et al. (2020); Schwarz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedSzalanski et al. (2001); Thomas et al. (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012); McClure et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Brito et al. (2002); Brito et al. (2004); Kaur et al. (2006); Kaur et al. (2007); Han et al. (2012); Ye et al. (2013); Brito et al. (2015); Rutter et al. (2019); Moore et al. (2020); Schwarz et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyCABI (Undated); Nischwitz et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)Present, LocalizedBirchfield (1965); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)Present, WidespreadChitwood (1949); Nyczepir et al. (1982); Johnson et al. (1996); Wheeler et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Mennan et al. (2006); Nyoike et al. (2012); Schwarz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Johnson et al. (1996); Allen et al. (2005); Kaur et al. (2007); Hall et al. (2017); Moye et al. (2018); Schwarz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Kaur et al. (2007); Brito et al. (2018); Ali et al. (2019); Hajihassani et al. (2019); Moore et al. (2020); Schwarz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresent, Few occurrencesBrito et al. (2004); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus bolivianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2000); Wang and Hooks (2009); Lau et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); Wang and Hooks (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema coxiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, Few occurrencesBrown (1983); Robbins and Brown (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema vuitteneziPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBipalium kewensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesDactylogyrus hemiamphibothriumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesFascioloides magnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesHaplorchis pumilioPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCliona thoosinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMonanchora unguiculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale ceciliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora laetevirensPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora sericeaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora socialisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCladophora vagabundaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva fasciataPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia sinuosaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla cristataPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentBenson et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium fortuneiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDennstaedtia punctilobulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHultén and Fries (1986); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Elliott and Rayamajhi (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea hirsuta (bristly water-clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea mutica (Australian water-clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPhymatosorus scolopendria (monarch fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Marchi et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentCABI (Undated); Jacono et al. (2001); Peck (2001); Rayachhetry et al. (2002); Parys and Johnson (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveJenkins (2012); Rayachhetry et al. (2002); Richerson and Jacono (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia tongatensisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPorphyra yezoensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentHoddle et al. (2003); Hernandez-Zepeda et al. (2010); Moparthi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbronia fragransPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentCABI (Undated); Li et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeNatureServe (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHanelt et al. (2001); Weeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)Present, LocalizedIntroducedILDIS (2007); ISSG (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentCABI (Undated); Qi (2007); Stanosz et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Nischwitz and Newcombe (2003); Fang (2005); Webster et al. (2005); Hudelson et al. (2008); Stanosz and Smith (2014); Held et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdonidia merrillii (Christmas palm)PresentIntroducedBroschat (2017); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJohnston (1931); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgastache foeniculumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave vivipara (Caribbean agave)PresentIntroducedFranck (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGo Botany (2016); Odland (1930); Hitchcock and Chase (1951); Utah State University Web Manual (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis hiemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFeret (1985); Shah (1997); Rebbeck et al. (2013); Snyder et al. (2013); Snyder et al. (2014); Jhalendra Rijal and Duncan (2017); Brooks et al. (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Olson and Benson (2011); Fisher (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); Qi (2007); Taggart et al. (2015); Wheeler and Hoebeke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentCABI (Undated); Anderson et al. (1996); Boehm and Nameth (2000); Frey et al. (2007); Lockhart (2012); Mullarkey et al. (2013); Zhao et al. (2016); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentBampi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium carinatumPresentBampi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium victorialisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Koike and Smith (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedCarter and Ungar (2002); Bohanek and Groninger (2005); Hall et al. (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentCABI (Undated); Wang et al. (2010); Larrea-Sarmiento et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera paronychioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Reed (1961); Brown and Marcus (1998); Reid and Williams (2001); Imada (2007); Franck and Wunderlin (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMosley (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Webster et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2019); Ali et al. (2012); USDA-NRCS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Groves et al. (2002); Myers et al. (2004); Sampangi et al. (2007); Knight et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentGuaragna et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Groves et al. (2002); Ali et al. (2012); Eiseman (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia confertifloraPresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, WidespreadNativeRydberg (1965); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentNativeUva et al. (1997); Strother (2006); Esquivel (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentTropicos (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentCABI (Undated); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmphiachyris dracunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia hubrichtiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia tabernaemontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentEPPO (2022); Enomoto et al. (2007); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Lee et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2002); USDA-NRCS (2002); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium abietinum (fir dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium americanum (lodgepole pine dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium laricis (larch dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium tsugense (hemlock dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Mathiasen and Daugherty (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium vaginatum (southwestern dwarf mistletoe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crispa (coral berry)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia humilis (low shoebutton)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida ternipes (spidergrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Wills and Begg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentCABI (Undated); Lau et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentBrito et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundina graminifolia (bamboo orchid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster dumosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lateriflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster patulusPresentEiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentCABI (Undated); Skarlinsky et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Carson (2008); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)Present, WidespreadManidool (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)PresentNativeInvasiveTarver et al. (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa egensis (Brazilian water-hyssop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWinters (1963); Liao et al. (2012); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia nelumbiifolia (lilypad begonia)PresentIntroducedDave's Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Reddy and Singh (1992); Mitich (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMorton (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlechum pyramidatum (Browne's blechum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHooker (1885)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoltonia asteroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa barbinodisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentWunderlin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKeinath et al. (2006); Wechter et al. (2014); Shrestha et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of North America Editorial Committee (2018); Zhao YouFu et al. (2000); Zhao YouFu et al. (2000); Keinath et al. (2006); Adhab and Schoelz (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMinnich and Sanders (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper and Moerkerk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Baskin and Baskin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCalEPPC (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedHitchcock (1950); Gould (1951); Kearney and Peebles (1951); CalEPPC (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sitchensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentCABI (Undated); Schachner et al. (2008); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuchloe dactyloidesPresentAmaradasa and Amundsen (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentInvasiveHughes and Scott (2003); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); GBIF (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja lindleyana (Lindley's butterflybush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedHultén and Fries (1986); Doll (2005); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche stagnalis (Common water-starwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaltha leptosepalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalycanthus floridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Byamukama et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna flaccidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentCABI (Undated); Beckerman et al. (2017); Beckerman et al. (2018); McGehee et al. (2019); Amaradasa et al. (2020); Feng et al. (2020); Giladi et al. (2020); Marin et al. (2020); Marin et al. (2020); Mersha et al. (2020); Szarka et al. (2020); Hu JiaHuai et al. (2021); Villanueva et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentCABI (Undated); Shapland et al. (2006); Beck et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Ivey and Miller (2000); Lamb et al. (2001); Rodríguez-Alvarado et al. (2002); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2003); Murphy et al. (2003); Ji et al. (2007); Frantz and Mellinger (2009); Jones et al. (2009); Sanogo et al. (2009); Abdalla and Ali (2012); Ali et al. (2012); Ali and Ali (2015); Aguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017); Raid et al. (2017); Escalante et al. (2018); Jordan et al. (2018); Wu PengXiang et al. (2019); Hu JiaHuai et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentCABI (Undated); Jones et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine impatiens (narrowleaf bittercress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentCABI (Undated); Woods et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex distichaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex flaccaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina vulgaris (carline thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentCalifornia Invasive Plant Council (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilleja arvensis (field Indian paintbrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); Luken and Thieret (1997); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Gaskin et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentCABI (Undated); Holcomb (2000); Holcomb and Carling (2002); Olson and Benson (2011); Romberg et al. (2014); Warfield et al. (2015); Lin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentLunsford et al. (1987); Powell et al. (1990); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus macrourusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoche and Roche (1999); Eskandari et al. (2008); Clements et al. (2010); Hoebeke and Spichiger (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Roché et al. (1997); Dukes et al. (2011); Eriksen et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Hoebeke and Spichiger (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Hoebeke and Spichiger (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentCABI (Undated); Chilton and II (1990); Barnes et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista fasciculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce glyptospermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthium latifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChelone glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Groves et al. (2002); Myers et al. (2004); Sampangi et al. (2007); Harveson (2011); Knight et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadAgamalian (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pratericolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2020); Clayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Kinter et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2007); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviformePresentCABI (Undated); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Anderson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentWintermantel and Bachinsky (2014); Pernezny and Raid (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentCABI (Undated); Rooney-Latham et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHodgson (1971); Beck and Sebastian (2000); Newcombe and Nischwitz (2004); Graziano (2011); Wright and Tinker (2012); Hoebeke and Spichiger (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium ochrocentrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedLombardi (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Schubert et al. (2001); Yan et al. (2016); Childers et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Schubert et al. (2001); Childers et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoenaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia purpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome hasslerianaPresentSampangi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedITIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum lindleyi (clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentIntroducedRueda (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentCABI (Undated); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentCABI (Undated); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Thieret (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Lockhart et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentCABI (Undated); Long et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Duncan (1967); Culpepper et al. (2004); Ferrell et al. (2004); Futch and Hall (2004); Webster et al. (2006); Hayden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConicosia pugioniformis (narrow-leaved iceplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Present, WidespreadUSDA-ARS (2015); Baskin and Baskin (1990); Koike and Glawe (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Rodríguez-Alvarado et al. (2002); McKenzie et al. (2004); Quaglino et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentCABI (Undated); Groves et al. (2002); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentCABI (Undated); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Salgado-Salazar et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis verticillataPresentGlawe et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum nitidum (shiny bugseed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)PresentCABI (Undated); Kim et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus coccinioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentGroves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata laevipes (smooth bedstraw)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata pedemontana (piedmont bedstraw)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis alopecuroidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne beckettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne undulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne wendtiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Wallace et al. (2015); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentAlbu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea viscosissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta approximata (smallseed alfalfa dodder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia imbricata (imbricate prickly pear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Ploetz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon schoenanthus (camel grass)PresentIntroducedSoreng et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Bekal and Becker (2000); Pratt (2001); Pratt (2003); Crow (2005); Marek et al. (2006); Dung et al. (2014); Ye et al. (2015); Stephens and Kerns (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alopecuroides (foxtail flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)Present, WidespreadBoissier (1884); Cook (1908)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentCABI (Undated); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus microiria (Asian flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus prolifer (miniature flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentCABI (Undated); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2004); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus virensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentCABI (Undated); Harrington (2009); Graves et al. (2010); Herrera-Reddy et al. (2012); Han Xiao et al. (2016); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Han Xiao et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentCABI (Undated); Pfender and Alderman (2006); Alderman et al. (2016); Martin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Rodríguez-Alvarado et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015); Farrar et al. (2000); Lee et al. (2003); Sumner et al. (2003); Glawe et al. (2005); Lee et al. (2006); Saude and Hausbeck (2006); Saude et al. (2007); Lu et al. (2013); Toit et al. (2014); Toit et al. (2014); Hay et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmanthus illinoensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium sandwicense (Hawai'i ticktrefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium tortuosum (Florida beggarweed)PresentSconyers et al. (2006); Delaney et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus gratianopolitanusPresentReeves et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus versicolorPresentHolcomb and Carling (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMortensen et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria setigera (East Indian crabgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria violascens (violet crabgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDimorphotheca sinuata (Cape marigold)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia virginianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentPernezny et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDopatrium junceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba verna (spring whitlowgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMcConnell et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracopis amplexicaulisPresentEsquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosera capensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Gumtow et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Koike (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Keeley and Thullen (1991); Norris (1992); Talbert and Burgos (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus cordifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus paniculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinopsis spachiana (torch cactus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Woodward et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta longiflora (longflowered veldtgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Damron and Wilson (2008); Cuda and Frank (2009); Soti and Volin (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus multiflora (cherry silverberry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Naumann et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis parvulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleutherococcus pentaphyllus (ginseng)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Mohan et al. (2001); Curland et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus trachycaulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium brachycarpumPresentEiseman (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentCABI (Undated); Eiseman (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipactis helleborinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentCABI (Undated); Olson and Benson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis capillarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis cumingii (Cuming's lovegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentIntroducedReid et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis trichodesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites minimus (Australian burnweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica lusitanica (Spanish heath)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron acerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2014); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa acuminataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa fatmensis (tropical cupgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa pseudoacrotrichaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentHoddle et al. (2003); Crow (2005); Burks et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedHanks et al. (1995); USDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLesica and Hanna (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops multifidus (hawk's eye)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaExochorda racemosa (common pearlbrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Forcella et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentCABI (Undated); Urgenson et al. (2012); Claeson and Bisson (2013); Urgenson et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFatoua villosa (mulberryweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentCABI (Undated); Swett and Gordon (2012); Klick et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca trachyphylla (sheep fescue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentRandall (2012); Campoverde and Palmateer (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003); Mayorquin et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Jardini et al. (2012); Koike et al. (2012); Koike et al. (2015); Koike et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Frappier et al. (2004); Knapp et al. (2008); Cunard and Lee (2009); Burnham and Lee (2010); Kenaley et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFroelichia floridanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus alpinusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia glauca (goldshower)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalphimia gracilis (goldshower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentOlson and Benson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarnotia stricta (blue lawngrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium phleoides (nit grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentCABI (Undated); Osterbauer et al. (2014); Wang et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura lindheimeriPresentBlomquist et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)PresentCABI (Undated); Han Xiao et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium homeanum (Australasian geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium lucidum (shining geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium thunbergii (Thunberg's geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum urbanum (herb bennet)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis coronaria (crowndaisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedLoyd and Bechtel (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlossostigma cleistanthum (mudmat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Les et al. (2006); Capers et al. (2009); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium luteoalbum (Jersey cudweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentGroves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentPlant Atlas (2020); USDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedWomach (2005); Kim et al. (2005); Halpern et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila scorzonerifolia (garden baby's-breath)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentCABI (Undated); Taggart et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelanthium tenellumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium amarum (bitterweed)PresentNative and IntroducedCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum (longdisk sneezeweed)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Gulya et al. (2002); Meyer et al. (2009); Mathew et al. (2010); Weems et al. (2011); French et al. (2013); Harveson et al. (2015); Olson et al. (2017); Moparthi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus salicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); Koike (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum petiolare (strawflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentFernald (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2007); Case and Beaman (1992); Tiley et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterocentron subtriplinervium (pearlflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeuchera sanguineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentHoddle et al. (2003); Roy et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1997); Strauss and Dillard (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium piloselloides (kingdevil hawkweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Swett and Gordon (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus mollis (German velvetgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHunnemannia fumariifolia (Mexican tulip poppy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePieterse (1981); Cook and Luond (1982); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022); USGS-NAS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocleys nymphoides (water poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle bonariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Hong et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila corymbosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentCABI (Undated); Palmateer and Ploetz (2006); Palmateer et al. (2007); Kumar et al. (2012); Sanahuja et al. (2016); Patel and Zhang (2017); Gazis et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHulten and Fries (1986); Sebald et al. (1998); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentCABI (Undated); Palmateer et al. (2013); Conner et al. (2014); Crouch et al. (2014); McGinnis et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTabor (1952); Dickens (1974); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedDuke (1981); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVan and Madeira (1998); IFAS (2003); Cerkauskas et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNative and IntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentCABI (Undated); Sanogo et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea wrightiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); Kropp et al. (1996); Pokorny and Krueger-Mangold (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentNativeJackson (1960); USDA (1971); Gulya (2002); BONAP (2014); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014); GBIF (2014); USDA-NRCS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora casei (giant red ixora)PresentIntroducedKeeler et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentCABI (Undated); Mannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedKamenova et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus compressus (flattened rush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentIntroducedKirschner (2002); Wheeler et al. (2016); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)PresentBrooks and Clemants (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus gerardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus glaucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentMartin et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLachnagrostis filiformis (Pacific bentgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Ling et al. (2008); Li et al. (2016); Pitman et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentCABI (Undated); Hoddle et al. (2003); Qi (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGilman and Watson (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Groves et al. (2002); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentRobertson (2013); Fisher (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLandoltia punctata (dotted duckweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentAnderson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium chalepense (lens-podded whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Groves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); McInnis et al. (1993); Larson et al. (2000); Caesar and Lartey (2009); Puliafico et al. (2011); Caesar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Miller et al. (1986); Koike et al. (2011); Rector et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Myers et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDawson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedClements et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucophyllum frutescens (Texas barometer bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ito et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigusticum scoticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedMaddox et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCentre for Invasive Species Ecosystem Health (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentFisher (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila indica (Indian marshweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Groves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Peterson et al. (2005); Vujnovic and Wein (2005); Dodge et al. (2008); Ward et al. (2009); Jamieson et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Ward et al. (2008); Ward et al. (2009); Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States (2015); USDA-NRCS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope muscari (monkeygrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Agudelo and Harshman (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope spicata (creeping liriope)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMannion et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia chinensis (Chinese lobelia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia inflataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia pedunculataPresentFisher (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia siphiliticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Crow (2005); Meng et al. (2012); Dutta et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Harmon et al. (2000); Pedersen et al. (2000); Viji et al. (2001); Uddin et al. (2002); Crow (2005); Wong and Cerda (2006); Giordano et al. (2015); Grachet and Walker (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Housley et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera etrusca (Etruscan honeysuckle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Taggart et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); Klingeman et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGo Botany (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera standishii (Standish's honeysuckle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus unifoliolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Kousik et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007); Wallace et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus plattensis (Nebraska lupine)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentCABI (Undated); Hejda (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuziola peruviana (Peruvian watergrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuziola subintegraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia terrestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentCABI (Undated); Srijana Joshi and Tielbörger (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentCABI (Undated); Kumar et al. (2012); Yasuhara-Bell et al. (2013); Sanahuja et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentCABI (Undated); Kumar et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago glandulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Musselman and Bolin (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentCABI (Undated); Shapland et al. (2006); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedHitchcock and Chase (1910)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentCABI (Undated); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Present, WidespreadHaselwood and Motter (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma septemnerviumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Taggart et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentCABI (Undated); Conn and Seefeldt (2009); Riper and Larson (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelochia umbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWunderlin and Hansen (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentCABI (Undated); Roux et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrothlaspi perfoliatum (thoroughwort pennycress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensPresentCABI (Undated); Diaz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pellita (catclaw mimosa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Hoddle et al. (2003); Koike and Azad (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2019); Wallace et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Wallace et al. (2014); Pitman et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Naidu et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Barrett and Seaman (1980); Wagner (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea (Cape tulip)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea collina (Cape tulip)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentNaturalizedLim (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia frondosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia schreberiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWunderlin et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia keisakPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentWalter et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedMcLaughlin and Garofalo (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMycelis muralis (wall lettuce)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis latifolia (broadleaf forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentEngland and Tolbert (1964); Thum et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentCABI (Undated); Saenz et al. (2000); Knox and Wilson (2006); Tang et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentCABI (Undated); Borth et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentKoike et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNemophila menziesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentSingh et al. (2010); Wichman et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentCABI (Undated); Wang et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentCABI (Undated); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2003); Gallup and Shew (2010); Parkunan et al. (2010); LaMondia and Vossbrinck (2011); LaMondia and Vossbrinck (2012); Schwarz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea mexicana (yellow waterlily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides cristata (crested floating heart)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSA, USDA-NRCS (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentCABI (Undated); Baker et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentEiseman (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera flavaPresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera speciosaPresentEsquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNaturalizedTerrell and Robinson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis alopecuroides (foxtail restharrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBentham and Hooker (1904); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia phaeacanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentNAPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Pennypacker et al. (1979); Eplee et al. (1994); Musselman and Bolin (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentSmith (1981); Vandiver et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxycaryum cubense (Cuban bulrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxyspora paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedLi et al. (2009); Palmateer et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia cruddasiana (sewer vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum clandestinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum hillmaniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum obtusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum oligosanthesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentCABI (Undated); Hoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLittle et al. (1974); PIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadNativeDale (1981); Holm et al. (1991); Lee et al. (2003); Esquivel (2016); USDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017); Hopkins and Purcell (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedHeuzé et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); Chase (1929); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Taggart et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedBarkworth et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003); Draske (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKartesz (2011); USDA-NRCS (2012); Weakley (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentCABI (Undated); Hixson and Crow (2004); Crow (2005); Jagdale et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora bicornis (wingleaf passionflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora biflora (twoflower passionflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentCABI (Undated); Tarnowski and Ploetz (2010); Rooney-Latham et al. (2011); Watanabe et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora subpeltata (white passionflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015); Berenbaum (1981); Zangerl and Berenbaum (2004); Vasquez and Meyer (2011); Stephens (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPavonia hastata (spearleaf swampmallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Wong et al. (2005); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentHoddle et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia campanulariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); Fulcher et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentCABI (Undated); Davidson et al. (2002); Lynch et al. (2006); Green et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium colensoiPresentSerdani et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001); Serdani et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); USA, USDA-NRCS (2008); Taggart et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Webster (1970); USDA-NRCS (2002); Invasive.org (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys flexuosa (drooping timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentCABI (Undated); McKenzie et al. (2004); Ali et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis griseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Díaz-Pérez and Pappu (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis longifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis wrightiiPresentSanogo et al. (2009); Rodríguez-Alvarado et al. (2002); Sanogo and Clary (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBirdsall and Quimby (1996); Loomis and Fishman (2009); Mealor et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBritton and Brown (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentGordon et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, Localized, PlantedNativeLohrey and Kossuth (1990); Mullis et al. (2006); Paez and Smith (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentCABI (Undated); Gordon et al. (2001); Garbelotto et al. (2007); Kim et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentNativeLindsay (1932); Forde (1966); Roy (1966); Gordon et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper sarmentosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Dray and Center (1989); Lemon and Posluszny (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Groves et al. (2002); USDA-NRCS (2003); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); USDA-NRCS (2003); Crosslin and Hamlin (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentCABI (Undated); Rivera et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleioblastus argenteo-striatusPresentIntroducedSteury et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleuraphis jamesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Crow (2005); Mitkowski (2005); Shapland et al. (2006); McClure et al. (2012); Larson et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2015); Crow (2005); Ito et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Chen et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNew England Wild Flower Society (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum argyrocoleon (silversheath knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bistortaPresentWilliamson et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum caespitosum (oriental lady's thumb)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Hafliger and Wolf (1988); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentCABI (Undated); French-Monar et al. (2006); Raid et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Miller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina subsp. paradoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)PresentCABI (Undated); Little (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentIntroducedGISD (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, WidespreadNativeMarché (2018); Turcotte et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Kumar et al. (2012); FAO (2013); Sanahuja et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus macrocarpus (Burma padauk)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2019); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tarasoff et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttallianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Harmon et al. (2005); Harmon et al. (2006); Hershman et al. (2006); Isakeit et al. (2006); Koenning et al. (2007); Gevens et al. (2008); Isakeit and Jo (2008); Bradley et al. (2010); Medal et al. (2013); Tyler-Julian et al. (2014); Walker and Harron (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwearingen and Bargeron (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Groves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Groves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Groves et al. (2002); McKenzie et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentToit and Pelter (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Carson (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2002); Bruckart et al. (2012); Callaway et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron mucronatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentCABI (Undated); Rayamajhi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentCABI (Undated); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRipidium ravennae (ravennagrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentCABI (Undated); Miller et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa curvisiliquaPresentClaassen et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa micrantha (smallflower sweetbrier)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa wichuraiana (memorial rose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentCABI (Undated); Putnam (2004); Ciafré and Barringer (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Lencse and Griffin (1991); Lencse et al. (1992); Millhollon and Burner (1993); Wipff and Barron (1993); Drew et al. (1998); Valverde et al. (1999); Strahan et al. (2000); McNair (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentCABI (Undated); Westcott et al. (2015); Klick et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus flagellarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); USDA-NRCS (2002); Joshi et al. (2014); Smith et al. (2014); Everman et al. (2015); Poudel et al. (2015); Westcott et al. (2015); Thekke-Veetil et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus moschusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus vestitus (European blackberry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentCABI (Undated); Miller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentCABI (Undated); Holcomb (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentCABI (Undated); Fuchs et al. (2010); Eiseman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex altissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Groves et al. (2002); Dutta et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidosperma biannulare (Tasmanian wallaby grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidosperma penicillatum (hairy wallaby grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Weakley (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria lancifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); MacCaughey (1917)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalicornia europaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix irrorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia farinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2020); Hopkins and Purcell (2002); Tillman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentCABI (Undated); Villamor and Eastwell (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLuken and Thieret (1997); Semer and Charudattan (1997); Cuda et al. (2006); Manrique et al. (2008); Cuda et al. (2009); Cuda et al. (2009); Gioeli and Langeland (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizachyrium condensatum (Colombian bluestem)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScirpus cyperinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Wheeler (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScleria lacustris (lakeshore nutrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia lanceolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Singh et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum spathulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio)PresentIntroducedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedNatureServe (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Groves et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentTillman (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Evans et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSidalcea candidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSidalcea malvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene antirrhinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene flos-cuculi (meadow campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentCABI (Undated); Shapland et al. (2006); Esquivel (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium californicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmilacina stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); McKenzie et al. (2004); French-Monar et al. (2006); Ali et al. (2012); Badillo-Vargas et al. (2015); Seo et al. (2015); Döker et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentCABI (Undated); Groves et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Golas et al. (2010); Perry and McLane (2011); Murphy et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Boyd et al. (1984); Rodríguez-Alvarado et al. (2002); Esquivel (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum linnaeanum (apple of Sodom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentUSDA (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, WidespreadD'Arcy (1974); Holm et al. (1991); Liquido et al. (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentCABI (Undated); Wheeler et al. (2000); Szalanski et al. (2001); Thomas et al. (2001); Crosslin et al. (2002); Taylor et al. (2002); Lambert et al. (2003); Glawe et al. (2004); Romberg et al. (2004); Xu et al. (2004); Ali et al. (2005); Crow (2005); Ingham et al. (2005); Peters et al. (2005); Riga and Neilson (2005); Baldauf et al. (2006); Secor et al. (2006); Hafez et al. (2007); Winton et al. (2007); Gudmestad et al. (2008); Kirk et al. (2008); Crosslin et al. (2009); Crosslin and Hamlin (2010); David et al. (2010); Estrada et al. (2010); Crosslin (2011); Taylor et al. (2012); Woodhall et al. (2012); Woodhall et al. (2012); Gevens and Seidl (2013); Gevens and Seidl (2013); Gevens and Seidl (2013); Miles et al. (2013); Miles et al. (2013); Whitworth and Crosslin (2013); Merlington et al. (2014); Mallik and Gudmestad (2015); Wharton et al. (2015); Rosenzweig et al. (2016); Yan et al. (2016); Yan et al. (2016); McNally et al. (2017); McNally et al. (2017); Ge et al. (2018); McNally et al. (2018); Boluk and Arif (2019); Nasaruddin et al. (2019); Patel et al. (2019); Arizala et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2008); Church and Rosskopf (2005); Iriarte et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Groves et al. (2002); Nischwitz et al. (2007); Nischwitz et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadGleason and Cronquist (1991); McKenzie et al. (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Pratt (2006); Werle et al. (2016); Wijayasekara and Ali (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSparganium glomeratum (bur reed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Hacker et al. (2001); Dethier and Hacker (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina pectinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kenaley et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSA, USDA-NRCS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaerophysa salsula (swainsonpea)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Peterson et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus virginicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBritton (1918); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Lorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Groves et al. (2002); Hollowell and Shew (2004); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentCrow (2005); Harmon et al. (2015); Ye et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Botanga and Timko (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Wallace et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015); Kyser et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWestbrooks (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRobinson (1965); Imada et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum laevigatum (rock dandelion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2016); Lockhart and Mollov (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalia geniculata (alligator flag)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia laurifolia (laurel clockvine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2018); Koike (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia ohiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedSEINet (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNaylor (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); Choudhury et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLorenzi and Jeffery (1987); Sampangi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2017); Solis et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentWang et al. (2019); Fayette et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentCABI (Undated); Han Xiao et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentCABI (Undated); Chaudhari et al. (2012); Chaudhari et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentMyers et al. (2004); Pratt (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997); Shapland et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2014); Moparthi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentLuecke et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena hastataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); USDA-NRCS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Glawe and Koike (2008); Dowling et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLumer and Yost (1995); Sheeley and Raynal (1996); DiTommaso et al. (2005); USDA-NRCS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort)PresentIntroducedSheeley and Raynal (1996); Gibson et al. (2012); USDA-NRCS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola canadensisPresentMiller et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Scheffer and Lonsdale (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex parviflora (molave)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentCABI (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinereaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia octofloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia borbonica (cape bugle lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia meriana (bulbil bugle lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Groves et al. (2002); Esquivel (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-NRCS (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentNativeBONAP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRavindran and Babu (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentHajihassani et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentCABI (Undated); Chouvenc et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia angustifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZostera japonica (dwarf eelgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAcineta nitocraePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, LocalizedBalech (1995)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2019); Friedman and Perkins (1994); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresent, WidespreadNativeBeadell et al. (2006); Kimura et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria buffeliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma acerinaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentBaldwin (1922); Emmel (1930); Bump et al. (1947); Locke et al. (1960); Goodpasture and Anderson (1962); Minsky and Petrak (1982)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedInvasiveFerreira et al. (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentCABI (Undated)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2014)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)PresentHodge et al. (2018); Martin et al. (2018)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedVillegas et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBashir and Hampton (1996); Kline and Anderson (1997); Pappu et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); NAPPO (2013); Tian et al. (2014); Pitman et al. (2019)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentCABI (Undated)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); Kao et al. (2000); Brown et al. (2007); Kuo et al. (2007); Adkins et al. (2009); Wintermantel et al. (2009); Webster et al. (2011); Batuman et al. (2015); Gadhave et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentCABI (Undated); Mekuria et al. (2008); Klaassen et al. (2011); Alabi et al. (2014)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Miller et al. (2006); Nischwitz et al. (2007); Sampangi et al. (2007); Evans et al. (2009); Sether et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); Tabassum et al. (2016)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentScott (1985); CABI and EPPO (2003); Wijayasekara and Ali (2017); CABI (Undated)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
Virusmyxoma virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresent, WidespreadVidela (1953); CABI and EPPO (2003); Jossey and Babadoost (2008); Khanal and Ali (2018)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, LocalizedFrench et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)Present, LocalizedBrunt et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2014); Ali and Ali (2015); Escalante et al. (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentNativeCABI (Undated); Moreno et al. (1976); Hammond et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, EradicatedNAPPO (2020); Levy et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentWidely Prevalent Viruses of the United States (2021)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); Cima (2013); OIE (2020)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, EradicatedLing and Sfetcu (2010); Ling et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)Present, LocalizedSmith et al. (1997); Kuo et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014); Batuman et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, LocalizedHokanson et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Tzanetakis and Martin (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); Baker et al. (2010); Harmon et al. (2015); Mollov et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Almeyda et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); Dhar et al. (2010); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); Díaz-Pérez and Pappu (2000); Holcomb and Valverde (2000); Momol et al. (2000); Groves et al. (2002); Adkins et al. (2003); Martínez-Ochoa et al. (2003); Momol et al. (2003); Mullis et al. (2004); Adkins and Baker (2005); Vilchez et al. (2005); Mullis et al. (2006); Nischwitz et al. (2006); Nischwitz et al. (2006); Baker et al. (2007); Baker et al. (2009); Barkley et al. (2009); Crosslin et al. (2009); Sikora et al. (2011); Sundaraj et al. (2011); Koehler et al. (2016); Liu et al. (2016); Batuman et al. (2017); Sui et al. (2018); Dey et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Pappu et al. (2000); Ling et al. (2006); Akad et al. (2007); Idris et al. (2007); Rojas et al. (2007); Sundaraj et al. (2011)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTuberose mild mottle virus (tuberose mild mottle virus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDey et al. (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusPresentCABI (Undated)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Bowen et al. (2003); McMullen and Waldstein (2010); Ito et al. (2012); Stewart et al. (2013)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentAmin (1978)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedWoodward and Quinn (2011); EPPO (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Actinobacillus suis infectionsPresentMacInnes and Desrosiers (1999)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
amoebic gill diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
amyloodiniosisPresentCABI (Undated)
anaplasmosisPresentPalmer (1989); Stiller and Coan (1995); Keirans et al. (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresentCABI (Undated)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
astrovirus infectionsPresentWoode et al. (1984); Woode et al. (1985); McNulty (1993)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentMcGowan et al. (1957)
Aujeszky's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadFadly and Winterfield (1973); Calnek and Cowen (1975); CABI (Undated)
avian bordetellosisPresentRaffel et al. (2002)
avian chlamydiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); Lasley (1987); OIE (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian intestinal spirochaetosisPresentMyers et al. (2009)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OLSON et al. (1956); OIE (2019)
avian nephritisPresentMcNulty et al. (1989); Goodwin et al. (1993)
avian trichomoniasisPresentCABI (Undated)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentMinsky and Petrak (1982); Baldwin (1922); Emmel (1930); Bump et al. (1947); Locke et al. (1960); Goodpasture and Anderson (1962)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bacterial gill diseasePresentBebak et al. (1997); CABI (Undated);
bacterial kidney diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
blacklegPresentWhitford and Jones (1986); Hall (1989); Sojka et al. (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2019); Friedman and Perkins (1994); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
botulismPresentPage and Fletcher (1975); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated);
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentStorz et al. (1996); Kapil et al. (1999)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentDunne et al. (1973)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentMartin et al. (1987)
bovine herpesvirus 5 infectionPresentD'Offay et al. (1993)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentWhetstone et al. (1990)
bovine papillomatosisPresentMonlux et al. (1956); Olson et al. (1962); Brandly and Migaki (1963); Barthold et al. (1974); Olson et al. (1982)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentHolscher et al. (1973)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadFulton et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresent, WidespreadWeiblen (1983)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Centrorhynchus robustusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
channel catfish virus diseasePresentInvasivePlumb (1994)
chicken anaemiaPresent, WidespreadLucio et al. (1990)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentDeGraves et al. (2003)
chronic wasting diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentCABI (Undated); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresent, WidespreadDuran and Walton (1997); Oaks et al. (1997)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentMadsen (1995); Songer and Glock (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresent, LocalizedPoonacha et al. (1989); Harwood (1996); Lewis (1998); Norton and Hoerr (1999)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, EradicatedWyss (2000); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cold-water diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
columnaris diseasePresentBullock et al. (1971); Thune (1991); CABI (Undated)
contagious agalactiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2011); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptobiosisPresentBecker and Katz (1965); Yanong et al. (2004)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentAnderson (1991); Frost et al. (1996); Davis et al. (2002); Eberhard and Arrowood (2002); Lee et al. (2002); Crainiceanu et al. (2003); Davidson (2003); McCuin and Clancy (2003); Vugia et al. (2004)
cyprinid herpesvirus 1 infectionPresentFijan (1999)
Dermocystidium infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated);
Derzsy's diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresent, WidespreadGradin et al. (1993)
Digenean infections of fishPresentWales (1958); Rogers (1972); Mitchell et al. (1982); Hoffman et al. (1985); Stables and Chappell (1986); Lorio (1989); Deardorff and Overstreet (1991); Mitchell (1995); Mitchell et al. (2000); Terhune et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisPresentSandhu and Leibovitz (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
encephalomyocarditisPresent, WidespreadKim et al. (1989)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentHawke (1979)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentCABI (Undated)
epitheliocystisPresentPaperna and Zwerner (1976); Bradley et al. (1988)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Smith and Stallknecht (1996); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine protozoal myeloencephalitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentMorris (1991)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); Wardell (1982); OIE (2019)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentCABI (Undated)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentCABI (Undated)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadOliveira et al. (2003)
golden shiner virus diseasePresentFijan (1999)
grass carp haemorrhagic diseasePresentMcEntire et al. (2003)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadHuang et al. (2002)
hexamitosis and spironucleosis of fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fishPresentSawyer et al. (1975); Appy and Dadswell (1981); Burreson (1982); Klemm (1982); Burreson and Zwerner (1984); Madill (1988)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentCABI (Undated)
inclusion body rhinitisPresent, WidespreadHarding (1958); Kanitz and Woodruff (1976)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Burreson and Ragone Calvo (1996); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentCABI (Undated)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Senecavirus APresentBracht et al. (2016)
infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitisPresent, WidespreadBedford (1992)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); McFerran (1993); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentBlackall et al. (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated);
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentWood et al. (1955); Yasutake et al. (1965)
infectious salmon anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentMunoz et al. (2007); Paulin-Curlee et al. (2007); Paulin-Curlee et al. (2008); Zadoks et al. (2011)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2018); Hedrick et al. (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); Petersen (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
leucocytozoonosisPresentGreiner (1991)
listeriosisPresentFarber and Peterkin (1991); Schuchat et al. (1991); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresentCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentMare (1977); Orsborn et al. (1977); O'Toole et al. (2002); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mammalian orthoreovirus infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentNativeFrank (1998); Singer et al. (1998)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentPanangala et al. (1981)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentRosengarten and Citti (1999)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentBarile et al. (1972)
Mycoplasma dispar infectionsPresentJasper (1981)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresent, WidespreadSwitzer (1955)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentYoder and Hofstad (1962)
Mycoplasma meleagridis infectionsPresentYamamoto et al. (1965)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
myxomatosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentHedrick et al. (1990); Kent et al. (1996)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsentOIE (2019); Frelier et al. (1992); OIE (2019)
nematodes in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
neosporosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
nocardiosis of fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
oomycete infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated);
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentRosa et al. (1996); Odor et al. (1997); Sprenger et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
piscirickettsiosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresent, WidespreadNativeBeadell et al. (2006); Kimura et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
porcine adenovirus infectionPresent, WidespreadKasza (1966); Kleiboeker (1994)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentHines and Lukert (1995)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); Cima (2013); OIE (2020)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentWerdin et al. (1976)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresent, WidespreadDuhamel (1998)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentStein et al. (1982)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndro