Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Uganda

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Datasheet

Uganda

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Kalyebi et al. (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI (Undated); Kalyebi et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW))Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveASARECA (2002); Tushemereirwe et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Afolabi et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeDoggett (1970); UK, CAB International (1988); Bigirwa et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahriiPresentHansford (1933); Hansford (1939); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRoux et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentReeder et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTushemereirwe and Waller (1993); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2020); Seif and Hillocks (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentPunithalingham and Waterston (1970); Sutton (1980); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentBiruma et al. (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAecidium glycinesPresentWatson (1971)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentHANSFORD (1937); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentGoldberg et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentNativeRoberts (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNHM (1968); UK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativeRadloff and Hepburn (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDrew et al. (2005); Ekesi and Billah (2006); White (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadNahdy et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Meyer (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBalachowsky (1956); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiesla (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedtiPresentNativeHarris (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOloya (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentINGRAM (1967); UK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresentNativeGreen (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentBua et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedKiwuso (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); Kaydan and Gullan (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentManyuli et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentCadahia (1986); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentHargreaves (1926); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentEpila (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNyeko et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentNye (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, LocalizedInvasiveLyon (1973); Markham et al. (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); Millar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, LocalizedNativeUVAROV (1923); Hargreaves (1936)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalyptiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentOmongo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentTinzaara (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedZeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentDe Lotto (1964); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)PresentDe Lotto (1964); Pelley (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentEvans (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDay et al. (2017); Otim et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentHargreaves (1924); LE PELLEY (1959); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBiCEP (2014); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentTumuhaise et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo)PresentNativeAnon (1997); MCZ (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Costa Pierce et al. (1993); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Present, WidespreadNativeLoiselle (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009); Pringle (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)Absent, Formerly presentWohlfarth and Hulata (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativeOgutu-Ohwayo (1990); Vos and Thys Audenaerde (1990); Ogutu-Ohwayo and Hecky (1991); Twongo (1995); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeAnon (1997); Anonymous (2000); UFFLMNH (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCarswell et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativePullin (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeDaget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentTaylor (1972); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentWhitehead (1969); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentNgundo and Taylor (1973); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadMacaron (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentMsuya et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963); Johns (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeSekercioglu (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia podalyriifolia (pearl acacia)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Townsend (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedLIND and TALLANTIRE (1962); Holm et al. (1979); BioNET-EAFRINET (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeRiches (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Townsend (1985); PROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentTownsend (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentTownsend (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBioNET-EAFRINET (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2014); Bell (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeSebsebe (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentKatende (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentVerdcourt (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Lusweti et al. (2014); GBIF (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBioNET-EAFRINET (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); BioNET-EAFRINET (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana (calliandra)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedIvens (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); BioNET-EAFRINET (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present, PlantedIntroducedCintron (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadDyer (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentIntroducedMoureau (1945); PURSEGLOVE (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine )PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeWild (1960); Elffers et al. (1964); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedLind and Tallantire (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLind and Tallantire (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Beentje and Hind (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeentje and Hind (2005); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeNamaganda et al. (2000); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt (1963); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBoy and Witt (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHaines and Lye (1983); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadTerry and Michieka (1987); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHaines and Lye (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Clayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLusweti et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLusweti et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Blundell (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)Present, LocalizedTerry and Michieka (1987); Baguma et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)Present, WidespreadNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, LocalizedInvasiveClayton and Renvoize (1982); Terry and Michieka (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Clayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeClayton (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Hill (1999); Mailu (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigasPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeentje (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops chrysanthemoides (African bush daisy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHaines and Lye (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHaines and Lye (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentUgen et al. (2002); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedTothill (1940); ILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveDenny (1973); Lock (1973); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morningglory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet morning glory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hildebrandtiiPresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (Japanese morning glory)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedDharani (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe beharensis (elephant’s ear kalanchoe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); Wickens (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentClayton (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Brenan (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET­-EAFRINET (2016); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontanoa hibiscifolia (tree daisy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeQuattrocchi (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeVollesen (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentClayton (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNativeClayton (1970); Ivens (1989); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Kabuye (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedBrenan (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcConnachie et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Lock (1973); Clayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018); Clayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeHarker and Napper (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Henderson (2001); Lusweti et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Clayton and Renvoize (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMairura (2008); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedEl-Sheikha and Montet (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2009); BioNET-EAFRINET (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentBlundell (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBioNET-EAFRINET (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Sheil (1994); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentCABI (Undated); Hansen (1975); Mielcarek (1996); EAH (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); BioNET-EAFRINET (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Polhill (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedNativeMillhollon and Burner (1993); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia leucantha (Mexican bush sage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); JSTOR Global Plants (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bicapsularis (Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2017); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrenan (1967); Holm et al. (1979); BioNET-EAFRINET (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Wakibara and Mnaya (2002); Mungatana and Ahimbisibwe (2010); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedTerry and Michieka (1987); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeICRAF (2008); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedKarani (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben and Denton (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Dawson et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTropical Biology Association (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); BioNET-EAFRINET (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona sinensis (Chinese Toona)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentEl Hadidi (1985); Terry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedIvens (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeWhitehouse et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeNapper (1971); Kansiime et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentLes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBennett et al. (1974)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Otim-Nape et al. (1997)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Kubiriba et al. (2001); Harper et al. (2002); Harper et al. (2004)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)PresentAlicai et al. (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentMasika et al. (2017)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentNativeInvasiveOtim-Nape et al. (1998)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentBirithia et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentIPPC (2014)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)Present, WidespreadSTOREY (1936); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentPinel-Galzi et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentSsenyonga et al. (1991); Ssenyonga et al. (1992); OIE (2012); CABI (Undated)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2012); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); Mukiibi-Muka and Olaho-Mukani (1998)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine papillomatosisPresentSsenyonga et al. (1990)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2012); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2012); Oloffs et al. (1998)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947)
ChytridiomycosisPresentGoldberg et al. (2007)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Bölske et al. (1995)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentNizeyi et al. (1999); Brink et al. (2002)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Digenean infections of fishPresentThurston (1965)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2012)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2012); Kitching (1998)
fowl choleraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentPaperna (1972)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2012); Nawathe et al. (1982)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2012)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBennett et al. (1974)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentBirnie et al. (2004); OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012); Illango (1992)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
small hive beetle infestationPresentNativeRoberts (1971)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentOura et al. (2011)
Theileria parva infectionsPresent, WidespreadOteng (1977); Otim (1989); Norval et al. (1992)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverPresent, WidespreadSMITHBURN et al. (1940)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 108585 Im 143000 F 142096 Im 141927 Im 141758 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 522945 Im 600000 F 591615 Im 582845 Im 574137 Im
Bananas Yield 48160 Fc 41958 Fc 41634.9 Fc 41066.5 Fc 40501.2 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1142660 Im 930000 F 925000 896000 870000
Beans, dry Production Quantity 464105 Im 455000 * 452000 440000 435000
Beans, dry Seed 57132.9 Fc 57132.9 Fc 46500 Fc 46250 Fc 44800 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 4061.62 Fc 4892.47 Fc 4886.49 Fc 4910.71 Fc 5000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 426148 Im 415000 F 411000 398000 386000
Cassava Production Quantity 4753430 Im 5282000 * 5179000 5072000 4973000
Cassava Yield 111544 Fc 127277 Fc 126010 Fc 127437 Fc 128834 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 *
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 *
Castor oil seed Seed 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2013920 A 1956000 A 1840000 A 1770000 A 1725000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 4150410 A 3832760 A 3727210 A 2663630 A 2577050 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 64947.9 A 64947.9 A 63020 A 59520 A 60370 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20608.7 Fc 19594.9 Fc 20256.6 Fc 15048.8 Fc 14939.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2013920 A 1956000 A 1840000 A 1770000 A 1725000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4228000 A 3905390 A 3795730 A 2722860 A 2631000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 64947.9 A 64947.9 A 63020 A 59520 A 60370 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 20993.9 Fc 19966.2 Fc 20629 Fc 15383.4 Fc 15252.2 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 8015 Im 8200 F 8103 Im 7850 Im 7640 Im
Chick peas Production Quantity 4590 Im 4500 F 4400 F 4300 F 4200 F
Chick peas Seed 320.6 Fc 320.6 Fc 328 Fc 324.12 Fc 314 Fc
Chick peas Yield 5726.76 Fc 5487.8 Fc 5430.09 Fc 5477.71 Fc 5497.38 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2269 Im 3013 Im 3659 Im 4200 F 4200 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 2152 Im 3084 Im 3679 Im 5052 Im 6162 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 9484.35 Fc 10235.7 Fc 10054.7 Fc 12028.6 Fc 14671.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1910920 A 1857000 A 1742000 A 1631000 A 1595000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3972000 A 3667280 A 3569970 A 2526000 A 2450000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 54907.9 A 54907.9 A 53360 A 49960 A 46690 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 20785.8 Fc 19748.4 Fc 20493.5 Fc 15487.4 Fc 15360.5 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 51463 Im 44345 Im 43000 F 37000 F 30300 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 15723 Im 15000 * 15000 13000 10006
Cocoa beans Yield 3055.2 Fc 3382.57 Fc 3488.37 Fc 3513.51 Fc 3302.31 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 320000 F 270000 F 320000 F 345000 F 285000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 191371 166968 195871 211726 175346
Coffee, green Yield 5980.34 Fc 6184 Fc 6120.97 Fc 6136.99 Fc 6152.49 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 38000 F 25500 F 12950 23182 12800 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 74000 * 54000 * 32000 * 45000 * 24000 *
Cottonseed Seed 3200 Fc 3200 Fc 1600 Fc 1400 Fc 2500 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 91249 Im 80000 F 77000 74000 72000
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 86701 Im 85000 F 84000 79000 75000
Cow peas, dry Seed 5474.94 Fc 5474.94 Fc 4800 Fc 4620 Fc 4440 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 9501.58 Fc 10625 Fc 10909.1 Fc 10675.7 Fc 10416.7 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 160000 A 80000 A 70000 A 125000 A 100000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 38000 A 25500 A 12950 A 23182 A 12800 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2375 Fc 3187.5 Fc 1850 Fc 1854.56 Fc 1280 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1881180 A 1851010 A 1832090 A 1829910 A 1827720 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11123500 A 10203800 A 10156800 A 10006200 A 9856700 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 59130.1 Fc 55125.3 Fc 55438.1 Fc 54681.4 Fc 53928.9 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 7982 Im 7800 F 7788 Im 7779 Im 7770 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 51107 Im 52000 F 51454 Im 50691 Im 49934 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 64027.8 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66068.3 Fc 65163.9 Fc 64265.1 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 50 F 48 F 45 F 48 F 50 F
Ginger Production Quantity 165 F 160 Im 144 Im 156 Im 190 Im
Ginger Yield 33000 Fc 33333.3 Fc 32000 Fc 32500 Fc 38000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 236000 * 235000 * 253000 244000 235000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 175000 F 172000 F 185000 173000 165000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 14160 Fc 14160 Fc 14100 Fc 15180 Fc 14640 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7415.25 Fc 7319.15 Fc 7312.25 Fc 7090.16 Fc 7021.28 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1063000 1032000 942000 862000 844000
Maize Production Quantity 2551000 2373500 2354660 1266000 1262000
Maize Seed 31890 Fc 31890 Fc 30960 Fc 28260 Fc 25860 Fc
Maize Yield 23998.1 Fc 22999 Fc 24996.4 Fc 14686.8 Fc 14952.6 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 483917 Im 470000 F 460000 448000 437000
Millet Production Quantity 984000 * 903000 * 841000 783000 732000
Millet Seed 12097.9 Fc 12097.9 Fc 11750 Fc 11500 Fc 11200 Fc
Millet Yield 20334.1 Fc 19212.8 Fc 18282.6 Fc 17477.7 Fc 16750.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1101980 A 999145 A 1007540 A 1034330 A 981306 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 464303 A 452274 A 456681 A 444240 A 412499 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 16130.8 A 16130.8 A 15210.9 A 15524.1 A 15704.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4213.34 Fc 4526.61 Fc 4532.64 Fc 4294.95 Fc 4203.57 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1104980 A 1002150 A 1010540 A 1037330 A 984306 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 274847 A 272702 A 279451 A 267255 A 247330 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 8407 A 8407 A 8062.7 A 8357.1 A 8275.94 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2487.34 Fc 2721.19 Fc 2765.36 Fc 2576.37 Fc 2512.73 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 51983 Im 47145 Im 47540 Im 48330 Im 46306 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 43722 Im 43874 Im 45169 Im 41183 Im 39232 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 8410.83 Fc 9306.18 Fc 9501.26 Fc 8521.21 Fc 8472.34 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 74581 Im 60000 F 60756 Im 65000 F 65675 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 254376 Im 195000 F 173279 Im 212232 Im 211831 Im
Onions, dry Yield 34107.3 Fc 32500 Fc 28520.5 Fc 32651.1 Fc 32254.4 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 28000 28000 27000 26000 26000
Peas, dry Production Quantity 17330 16990 17000 16000 16000
Peas, dry Seed 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1080 Fc 1040 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 6189.29 Fc 6067.86 Fc 6296.3 Fc 6153.85 Fc 6153.85 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1567 Im 2081 Im 2527 Im 2900 F 2900 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 1621 Im 1987 Im 1984 Im 2052 Im 2503 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 10344.6 Fc 9548.29 Fc 7851.21 Fc 7075.86 Fc 8631.03 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 92565 Im 98200 90000 88000 87000
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 94861 Im 93000 F 91000 90000 89000
Pigeon peas Seed 3702.6 Fc 3702.6 Fc 3928 Fc 3600 Fc 3520 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 10248 Fc 9470.47 Fc 10111.1 Fc 10227.3 Fc 10229.9 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 247 Im 210 F 205 F 201 Im 195 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 1998 Im 1750 F 1681 Im 1656 Im 1631 Im
Pineapples Yield 80890.7 Fc 83333.3 Fc 82000 Fc 82388.1 Fc 83641 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 1764370 Im 1700000 F 1682000 1680000 1678000
Plantains Production Quantity 10547400 Im 9550000 F 9512000 9371000 9231000
Plantains Yield 59780 Fc 56176.5 Fc 56551.7 Fc 55779.8 Fc 55011.9 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 96717 Im 102000 F 101000 97000 93000
Potatoes Production Quantity 625451 Im 695000 F 689000 670000 650000
Potatoes Seed 77373.6 Fc 77373.6 Fc 81600 Fc 80800 Fc 77600 Fc
Potatoes Yield 64668.2 Fc 68137.3 Fc 68217.8 Fc 69072.2 Fc 69892.5 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1362490 A 1144400 A 1127100 A 1091850 A 1062640 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 667587 A 654490 A 648400 A 629300 A 619200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 67751 A 67751 A 56676 A 55874.1 A 54114 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4899.76 Fc 5719.07 Fc 5752.8 Fc 5763.61 Fc 5827 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 90000 87000 86000 128000 119000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 233000 218111 205765 177857 162000
Rice, paddy Seed 9000 Fc 9000 Fc 8700 Fc 8600 Fc 12800 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 25888.9 Fc 25070.2 Fc 23926.2 Fc 13895.1 Fc 13613.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1054660 A 1137000 A 1121000 A 1094000 A 1057000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7932880 A 8815000 A 8634000 A 8449000 A 8225000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 77373.6 A 77373.6 A 81600 A 80800 A 77600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 75217.8 Fc 77528.6 Fc 77020.5 Fc 77230.4 Fc 77814.6 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 160000 * 80000 * 70000 * 125000 * 100000 *
Seed cotton Production Quantity 120000 F 82000 F 53000 F 75000 F 40000 F
Seed cotton Yield 7500 Fc 10250 Fc 7571.43 Fc 6000 Fc 4000 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 283000 * 280000 * 292000 286000 280000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 173000 * 170000 * 178000 173000 168000
Sesame seed Seed 2830 Fc 2830 Fc 2800 Fc 2920 Fc 2860 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6113.07 Fc 6071.43 Fc 6095.89 Fc 6048.95 Fc 6000 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested F F F F F
Sisal Production Quantity F F F F F
Sisal Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 364000 355000 340000 321000 314000
Sorghum Production Quantity 437000 390779 374309 477000 456000
Sorghum Seed 10920 Fc 10920 Fc 10650 Fc 10200 Fc 9630 Fc
Sorghum Yield 12005.5 Fc 11007.9 Fc 11009.1 Fc 14859.8 Fc 14522.3 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 150000 * 150000 * 150000 148000 147000
Soybeans Production Quantity 180000 * 175000 * 180000 178000 176000
Soybeans Seed 8400 Fc 8400 Fc 8400 Fc 8400 Fc 8288 Fc
Soybeans Yield 12000 Fc 11666.7 Fc 12000 Fc 12027 Fc 11972.8 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 40000 F 40000 F 47200 F 39300 F 35000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2400000 F 2400000 F 3300000 F 2750000 F 2350000 F
Sugar cane Yield 600000 Fc 600000 Fc 699153 Fc 699746 Fc 671429 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 221000 207000 195000 183000 * 173000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 220000 * 230000 * 234000 217000 * 190000
Sunflower seed Seed 2210 Fc 2210 Fc 2070 Fc 1950 Fc 1830 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 9954.75 Fc 11111.1 Fc 12000 Fc 11857.9 Fc 10982.7 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 531790 Im 620000 F 609000 599000 578000
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2554000 * 2838000 * 2766000 2707000 2602000
Sweet potatoes Yield 48026.5 Fc 45774.2 Fc 45418.7 Fc 45192 Fc 45017.3 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 29673 Im 27136 Im 25000 F 21000 F 22000 F
Tea Production Quantity 35194 49182 48663 42808 44923
Tea Yield 11860.6 Fc 18124.3 Fc 19465.2 Fc 20384.8 Fc 20419.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 12729 Im 12952 Im 14000 F 20000 F 15298 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 28444 27138 18846 29040 26383
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 22345.8 Fc 20952.8 Fc 13461.4 Fc 14520 Fc 17246 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 5674 Im 5500 F 4153 Im 4372 Im 4300 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 23537 Im 31000 F 29216 Im 24500 F 24935 Im
Tomatoes Yield 41482.2 Fc 56363.6 Fc 70349.1 Fc 56038.4 Fc 57988.4 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 75 Im 100 Im 122 Im 140 F 140 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 24 Im 30 Im 48 Im 52 Im 64 Im
Vanilla Yield 3200 Fc 3000 Fc 3934.43 Fc 3714.29 Fc 4571.43 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 128801 Im 135000 F 121715 Im 112421 Im 108000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 882347 Im 760000 F 534203 Im 630975 Im 610000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 68504.7 Fc 56296.3 Fc 43889.7 Fc 56126.1 Fc 56481.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 209056 A 200500 A 186624 A 181793 A 177975 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1160260 A 986000 A 736698 A 867707 A 846766 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 55500 Fc 49177.1 Fc 39475 Fc 47730.5 Fc 47577.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 209056 A 200500 A 186624 A 181793 A 177975 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1160260 A 986000 A 736698 A 867707 A 846766 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 55500 Fc 49177.1 Fc 39475 Fc 47730.5 Fc 47577.8 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 13000 12000 12000 11000 11000
Wheat Production Quantity 23000 20000 20000 19000 19000
Wheat Seed 1040 Fc 1040 Fc 960 Fc 960 Fc 880 Fc
Wheat Yield 17692.3 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 17272.7 Fc 17272.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 141674 Im 141505 Im 141083 Im 140323 Im 139225 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 563128 Im 562568 Im 602436 Im 603307 Im 615000 F
Bananas Yield 39748.2 Fc 39756.1 Fc 42700.8 Fc 42994.2 Fc 44173.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 849000 828000 812000 780000 765000
Beans, dry Production Quantity 424000 478000 455000 525000 535000
Beans, dry Seed 43500 Fc 42450 Fc 41400 Fc 40600 Fc 39000 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 4994.11 Fc 5772.95 Fc 5603.45 Fc 6730.77 Fc 6993.46 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 379000 387000 407000 405000 398000
Cassava Production Quantity 4926000 5576000 5500000 5450000 5373000
Cassava Yield 129974 Fc 144083 Fc 135135 Fc 134568 Fc 135000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 3000 * 4598 Im
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1336 Im
Castor oil seed Seed 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc 30 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3333.33 Fc 2905.61 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1679000 A 1605000 A 1549000 A 1495000 A 1445000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2505720 A 2408050 A 2233710 A 2464040 A 2328040 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 58445 A 56635 A 53640 A 51370 A 49320 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14923.9 Fc 15003.4 Fc 14420.3 Fc 16481.9 Fc 16111 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1679000 A 1605000 A 1549000 A 1495000 A 1445000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2557000 A 2459000 A 2274000 A 2508000 A 2368000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 58445 A 56635 A 53640 A 51370 A 49320 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 15229.3 Fc 15320.9 Fc 14680.4 Fc 16775.9 Fc 16387.5 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 7473 Im 7306 Im 7176 Im 6937 Im 6807 Im
Chick peas Production Quantity 4100 F 4050 F 4000 F 3913 Im 3924 Im
Chick peas Seed 305.6 Fc 298.92 Fc 292.24 Fc 287.04 Fc 277.48 Fc
Chick peas Yield 5486.42 Fc 5543.39 Fc 5574.14 Fc 5640.77 Fc 5764.65 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 4740 Im 4157 Im 4758 Im 4726 Im 4732 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 4596 Im 4342 Im 5840 Im 5264 Im 3867 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 9696.2 Fc 10445 Fc 12274.1 Fc 11138.4 Fc 8172.02 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1556000 A 1494000 A 1447000 A 1400000 A 1357000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2385000 A 2291000 A 2138000 A 2361000 A 2234000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 45665 A 44535 A 42720 A 41350 A 40000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 15327.8 Fc 15334.7 Fc 14775.4 Fc 16864.3 Fc 16462.8 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 24000 F 14200 F 14200 F 14200 F 14200 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 8500 F 5000 * 4500 * 3800 * 3500 *
Cocoa beans Yield 3541.67 Fc 3521.13 Fc 3169.01 Fc 2676.06 Fc 2464.79 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 220000 F 263000 F 264000 F 264000 F 217504
Coffee, green Production Quantity 133310 158100 170081 150871 209547
Coffee, green Yield 6059.55 Fc 6011.41 Fc 6442.46 Fc 5714.81 Fc 9634.17 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 25500 F 20000 F 25000 F 20000 * 22200
Cottonseed Production Quantity 48000 * 38000 * 48000 * 54000 * 38000 *
Cottonseed Seed 2000 Fc 1820 Fc 2200 Fc 3600 Fc 4400 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 71000 71000 70000 67000 66000
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 71000 71000 69000 67000 59000
Cow peas, dry Seed 4320 Fc 4260 Fc 4260 Fc 4200 Fc 4020 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 9857.14 Fc 10000 Fc 8939.39 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 91000 A 110000 A 180000 A 220000 A 180000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25500 A 20000 A 25000 A 20000 A 22200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2802.2 Fc 1818.18 Fc 1388.89 Fc 909.09 Fc 1233.33 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1826630 A 1824470 A 1819020 A 1809220 A 1795060 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9667710 A 9658200 A 10342500 A 10357500 A 10557200 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 52926.5 Fc 52937.1 Fc 56857.7 Fc 57248.4 Fc 58812.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 7765 Im 7756 Im 7733 Im 7691 Im 7631 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 48977 Im 48928 Im 52395 Im 52471 Im 52500 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 63074.1 Fc 63084.1 Fc 67755.1 Fc 68223.9 Fc 68798.3 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 64 Im 61 Im 57 Im 56 Im 54 Im
Ginger Production Quantity 142 Im 134 Im 180 Im 162 Im 119 Im
Ginger Yield 22187.5 Fc 21967.2 Fc 31579 Fc 28928.6 Fc 22037 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 230000 225000 221000 216000 211000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 154000 159000 155000 130000 148000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 14100 Fc 13800 Fc 13500 Fc 13260 Fc 12960 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 6695.65 Fc 7066.67 Fc 7013.57 Fc 6018.52 Fc 7014.22 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 819000 780000 750000 710000 676000
Maize Production Quantity 1258000 1170000 1080000 1300000 1217000
Maize Seed 25320 Fc 24570 Fc 23400 Fc 22500 Fc 21300 Fc
Maize Yield 15360.2 Fc 15000 Fc 14400 Fc 18309.9 Fc 18003 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 429000 420000 412000 400000 396000
Millet Production Quantity 687000 672000 659000 640000 590000
Millet Seed 10925 Fc 10725 Fc 10500 Fc 10300 Fc 10000 Fc
Millet Yield 16014 Fc 16000 Fc 15995.2 Fc 16000 Fc 14899 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 951924 A 948776 A 995997 A 1034820 A 920427 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 412039 A 390473 A 370196 A 378471 A 338052 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 15122.4 A 14770.1 A 14727.3 A 15246.2 A 16373.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4328.49 Fc 4115.55 Fc 3716.83 Fc 3657.34 Fc 3672.77 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 954924 A 951776 A 998997 A 1037820 A 925025 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 241025 A 233997 A 214593 A 206375 A 186790 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7957.06 A 7768.1 A 7661.62 A 7724.92 A 7893.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2524.02 Fc 2458.53 Fc 2148.08 Fc 1988.54 Fc 2019.3 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 44924 Im 44776 Im 46997 Im 48824 Im 43427 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 39015 Im 37389 Im 35276 Im 34951 Im 31586 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 8684.67 Fc 8350.23 Fc 7506.01 Fc 7158.57 Fc 7273.36 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 63714 Im 49742 Im 53669 Im 50938 Im 37000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 202146 Im 174332 Im 211115 Im 200437 Im 147000 F
Onions, dry Yield 31727.1 Fc 35047.2 Fc 39336.5 Fc 39349.2 Fc 39729.7 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 26000 25000 25000 27000 27000
Peas, dry Production Quantity 16000 15000 15000 14000 16000
Peas, dry Seed 1040 Fc 1040 Fc 1000 Fc 1000 Fc 1080 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 6153.85 Fc 6000 Fc 6000 Fc 5185.19 Fc 5925.93 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 3739 Im 3603 Im 2897 Im 2879 Im 2875 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 1867 Im 1764 Im 2373 Im 2139 Im 2146 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 4993.31 Fc 4895.92 Fc 8191.23 Fc 7429.66 Fc 7464.35 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 86000 85000 84000 84000 82000
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 88000 85000 84000 84000 82000
Pigeon peas Seed 3480 Fc 3440 Fc 3400 Fc 3360 Fc 3360 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 10232.6 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 190 F 204 Im 203 Im 202 Im 200 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 1600 F 1700 F 1695 Im 1697 Im 1730 Im
Pineapples Yield 84210.5 Fc 83333.3 Fc 83497.5 Fc 84009.9 Fc 86500 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 1677000 1675000 1670000 1661000 1648000
Plantains Production Quantity 9054000 9045000 9686000 9700000 9888000
Plantains Yield 53989.3 Fc 54000 Fc 58000 Fc 58398.6 Fc 60000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 90000 86000 83000 80000 78000
Potatoes Production Quantity 628000 585000 573000 557000 546000
Potatoes Seed 74400 Fc 72000 Fc 68800 Fc 66400 Fc 64000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 69777.8 Fc 68023.3 Fc 69036.1 Fc 69625 Fc 70000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1039470 A 1016310 A 998176 A 964937 A 946807 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 603100 A 653050 A 627000 A 693913 A 695924 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 52645.6 A 51488.9 A 50352.2 A 49447 A 47737.5 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5801.98 Fc 6425.72 Fc 6281.46 Fc 7191.28 Fc 7350.22 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 113000 102000 93000 86000 80000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 154000 153000 121000 132000 120000
Rice, paddy Seed 11900 Fc 11300 Fc 10200 Fc 9300 Fc 8600 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 13628.3 Fc 15000 Fc 13010.8 Fc 15348.8 Fc 15000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1053000 A 1063000 A 1092000 A 1080000 A 1065000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8182000 A 8765000 A 8723000 A 8617000 A 8511000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 74400 A 72000 A 68800 A 66400 A 64000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 77701.8 Fc 82455.3 Fc 79880.9 Fc 79787 Fc 79915.5 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 91000 * 110000 * 180000 * 220000 * 180000 *
Seed cotton Production Quantity 80000 F 63000 F 78000 F 78000 F 65000 F
Seed cotton Yield 8791.21 Fc 5727.27 Fc 4333.33 Fc 3545.45 Fc 3611.11 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 276000 268000 255000 240000 * 211000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 166000 161000 125000 113000 * 106000
Sesame seed Seed 2800 Fc 2760 Fc 2680 Fc 2550 Fc 2400 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6014.49 Fc 6007.46 Fc 4901.96 Fc 4708.33 Fc 5023.7 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested F F F F F
Sisal Production Quantity F F F F F
Sisal Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 308000 294000 285000 290000 285000
Sorghum Production Quantity 440000 449000 399000 421000 427000
Sorghum Seed 9420 Fc 9240 Fc 8820 Fc 8550 Fc 8700 Fc
Sorghum Yield 14285.7 Fc 15272.1 Fc 14000 Fc 14517.2 Fc 14982.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 145000 144000 144000 165000 151000
Soybeans Production Quantity 175000 158000 158000 187000 166000
Soybeans Seed 8232 Fc 8120 Fc 8064 Fc 8064 Fc 9240 Fc
Soybeans Yield 12069 Fc 10972.2 Fc 10972.2 Fc 11333.3 Fc 10993.4 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 35000 F 34000 F 34500 F 33000 F 26500 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2450000 F 2350000 F 2350000 F 2150000 F 1850000 F
Sugar cane Yield 700000 Fc 691176 Fc 681159 Fc 651515 Fc 698113 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 165000 157000 149000 145000 * 124000 *
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 176000 173000 164000 160000 * 124000 *
Sunflower seed Seed 1730 Fc 1650 Fc 1570 Fc 1490 Fc 1450 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10666.7 Fc 11019.1 Fc 11006.7 Fc 11034.5 Fc 10000 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 584000 590000 602000 595000 589000
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2628000 2604000 2650000 2610000 2592000
Sweet potatoes Yield 45000 Fc 44135.6 Fc 44019.9 Fc 43865.6 Fc 44006.8 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 19100 F 20100 F 20543 Im 20000 F 22000
Tea Production Quantity 34334 37734 35706 36895 39476
Tea Yield 17975.9 Fc 18773.1 Fc 17381.1 Fc 18447.5 Fc 17943.6 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 15617 Im 17159 Im 17070 Im 15960 Im 18000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 15793 31413 32520 34250 36310
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10112.7 Fc 18307 Fc 19051 Fc 21459.9 Fc 20172.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4104 Im 3846 Im 3004 Im 2726 Im 2609 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 22553 Im 18006 Im 18112 Im 18264 Im 16259 Im
Tomatoes Yield 54953.7 Fc 46817.5 Fc 60292.9 Fc 66999.3 Fc 62318.9 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 184 Im 177 Im 142 Im 141 Im 140 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 48 Im 45 Im 61 Im 44 Im 70 F
Vanilla Yield 2608.7 Fc 2542.37 Fc 4295.77 Fc 3120.57 Fc 5000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 105536 Im 98909 Im 77255 Im 70104 Im 67106 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 591987 Im 472638 Im 517143 Im 496409 Im 417858 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 56093.4 Fc 47785.1 Fc 66939.8 Fc 70810.4 Fc 62268.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 173354 A 152497 A 133928 A 123768 A 106715 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 816686 A 664976 A 746370 A 715110 A 581117 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 47110.9 Fc 43605.8 Fc 55729.2 Fc 57778.3 Fc 54455 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 173354 A 152497 A 133928 A 123768 A 106715 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 816686 A 664976 A 746370 A 715110 A 581117 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 47110.9 Fc 43605.8 Fc 55729.2 Fc 57778.3 Fc 54455 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 10000 9000 9000 9000 8000
Wheat Production Quantity 18000 15000 15000 15000 14000
Wheat Seed 880 Fc 800 Fc 720 Fc 720 Fc 720 Fc
Wheat Yield 18000 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 17500 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 14062 Fm 14062 Fm 13912 Fm 13762 Fm 13562 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 228.4 I 227 I 212.3 I 296.2 I
Arable land Area 6750 Fm 6750 Fm 6600 Fm 6450 Fm 6250 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 8950 Fm 8950 Fm 8800 Fm 8650 Fm 8450 Fm
Country area Area 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W
Forest area Area 2899.8 Fm 2988 Q 3076.2 Fm 3164.4 Fm 3252.6 Fm
Inland water Area 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm
Land area Area 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W
Other land Area 3019.2 Fm 2931 Fm 2992.8 Fm 3054.6 Fm 3166.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2200 Fm 2200 Fm 2200 Fm 2200 Fm 2200 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 5112 Fm 5112 Fm 5112 Fm 5112 Fm 5112 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 14 Fm 14 I 14 Fm 13.5 Fm 13 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 13412 Fm 13262 Fm 13262 Fm 13112 Fm 12812 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 246.8 I 182 I
Arable land Area 6100 Fm 5950 Fm 5950 Fm 5850 Fm 5600 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 8300 Fm 8150 Fm 8150 Fm 8000 Fm 7700 Fm
Country area Area 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W 24155 W
Forest area Area 3340.8 Fm 3429 Q 3517 Fm 3605 Fm 3693 Fm
Inland water Area 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm 4174 Fm
Land area Area 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W 19981 W
Other land Area 3228.2 Fm 3290 Fm 3202 Fm 3264 Fm 3476 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2200 Fm 2200 Fm 2200 Fm 2150 F 2100 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 5112 Fm 5112 Fm 5112 E 5112 F 5112 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 13 Fm 12 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 10 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files