Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Taiwan

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Taiwan

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Vibrio vulnificusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentChen YueWen et al. (2008)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadLee et al. (1993); Nakamura et al. (1996); Lee IngMing et al. (1998)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)PresentBau et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); Wang and Cheng (2001); Deng et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Present, WidespreadBové (2006); Tsai et al. (2006); Katoh et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2019); Matsumoto et al. (1961)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983); Bradbury (1986); Su et al. (1989); Hseu et al. (2013); Tsai ChiaHsin et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); Wu et al. (2013); Lin et al. (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum biovar 4/race 4 (bacterial wilt of Zingiberaceae)PresentWu et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); Truong Thi Hong Hai et al. (2008); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2007); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Bradbury (1986); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); Lin HsinCheng et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013); Wu et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al. (2010)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Leu and Su (1993); Leu et al. (1998); Su ChiouChu et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)PresentBonde and Peterson (1983); Perumal et al. (2008)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentChang et al. (1974)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveChen et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentHuang et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, Few occurrencesAnn PaoJen (2000); Tsai et al. (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Koh et al. (1994); Deahl et al. (2008)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, LocalizedNativeBrasier et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); Webber et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)Present, WidespreadKao and Leu (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Present, LocalizedSimmons (1993); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentSawada (1959); David (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentTanda and Su (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedLee ChunYee and Kuo KerChung (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFourie et al. (2009); Dita et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); Mostert et al. (2017); Czislowski et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)PresentLi et al. (2011); Molina et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentSawada (1959)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)PresentWang and Dai (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentChiu (1955); Grasso (1970); Grasso (1970); Huang and Chang (1972); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStover (1978); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentNi HuiFang et al. (2012); Ni et al. (2009); Ni et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentSawada (1959); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaRaffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)PresentNativeHarrington et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentChen and Chang (1966)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentWu and Dow (1993); Wu (1994)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Wang WeiYoung (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentHiratsuka and Chen (1991); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentSawada (1942); UK, CAB International (1983); Hiratsuka and Chen (1991); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentYen (1975); Hiratsuka and Chen (1991); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insularePresent, LocalizedDai YuCheng et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentOno (2000); Hiratsuka (1935); Ito (1938); Hiratsuka (1943); Hiratsuka (1944); Tai (1979); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Sydow and Sydow (1914); Sawada (1931); Hiratsuka and Hashioka (1933); Hiratsuka (1935); Ito (1938); Hiratsuka (1943); Tai (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); Chang (1995); Chang and Yang (1998); Ann et al. (1999); Ann et al. (1999); Ann et al. (1999); Ann PaoJen et al. (2002); Tsai et al. (2005); Tsai et al. (2008); Fu ChuenHsu et al. (2012); Tsai JyhNong et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedShen and King (1958)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al. (1989); Magarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentNativeMau and Kessing (1991); UK, CAB International (1981); Wen HungChich et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Haack et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Liu and Yang (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995); Dubey and Ko ChiunCheng (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1986); Wen HungChich et al. (1994); Wen HungChich et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)PresentNativeGressitt (1951); Duffy (1968); Wen (1987); Lee ChiYang and Lo KangChen (1996); Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedWilliams and Williams (1988); Tao (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Sanz et al. (2001); Abang et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Yu et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentNHM (1930); Takagi (1969); Wong et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Bailey et al. (2010); Muniappan et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveDrew (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003); Elfekih et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveDrew and Hancock (1994); Smith et al. (2003); Khalid Mahmood (2004); White (2006); Drew et al. (2008); Jiang JoeAir et al. (2008); Nakahara et al. (2008); Schutze et al. (2012); Schutze et al. (2012); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Aketarawong et al. (2014); Wu ZhongZhen et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentClausen et al. (1965); Agarwal and Sueyoshi (2005); Drew and Romig (2013); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Ko et al. (2007); Hu Jian et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007); Chang et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentHsieh ChiaHung et al. (2011); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedPai HsiuHua et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentNativeGuénard et al. (2018); Nelder et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shiau (1982); Chiu and Chen (1985); CABI and EPPO (1998); Chen ZhiMing et al. (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentHuang (1974); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentIntroducedMakihara et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadRose et al. (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadRose et al. (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeChou et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, WidespreadNativeWee and Ng (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedAhyong and Yeo (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilades pandavaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Wong et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveNorris and Murray (1964); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentChen ShuPei et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentPan ShiQing et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Hwang and Hsieh (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentWu et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSu (2003); CABI and EPPO (2008); Li et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadLien (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Talekar and Lee (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus punctatus (Masson pine caterpillar)PresentNativeCai and Liu (1962); Chang and Sun (1984); Ying (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentOkada (1976); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994); Shen et al. (2009); Huang ShouHorng and Lin ChingYi (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir japonica (Japanese mitten crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChiang and Hwang (1991); Chu (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErthesina fullo (yellow-spotted stink bug)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)PresentNativeStouthamer et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeBeaver and Liu (2010); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); Wong et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentPriesner (1960); UK, CAB International (1983); Han (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentNativeKnodel and Hoebeke (1996); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadTuan et al. (1989); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1961); Kudô (1980); Chen (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentSu and Wang (1988); Wang and Su (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia pitysophila (pine needle hemiberlesian scale)PresentTao (1999); Wong et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pan (1990); FAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Tao (1999); Wong et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989); Wen HungChich et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis divinatoriusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza chinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedShiao ShiuhFeng and Wu WenJer (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Shiao ShiuhFeng (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveShih (1991); Shih and Cheng (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentHsu and Chiang (1983); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)PresentNativeInvasivePucat and Watler (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria xylinaPresentChao JungTai et al. (1996); Shen TseChi et al. (2003); Pogue and Schaefer (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentTakahashi (1928); Wong et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentNativeHayashi (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Chen YiMing and Chao JungTai (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1979); Tao (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Su and Tseng (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentTzeng et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Chan and Yu (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadTong (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChen ShuPei et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wen HungChich and Chen ChiouNan (2001); NHM (2005); Stocks (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentTakahashi (1932); Tao (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentTsai and You (1961); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis (1980); Dore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHodgson et al. (2008); Abbas et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Ujiye and Adachi (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentLee et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcClure (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, WidespreadTsay (1991); Su TsongHong and Li ChiTsang (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentBeaver and Sanguansub (2020); Wood and Bright (1992); Beaver and Shih HsienTzung (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadAVRDC (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentWen and Lee (1984); UK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, WidespreadNativeChang and Fang (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentLiao ChungTa and Chen ChingChung (1997); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentLin (1981); Lo (1986); Lin et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeLee and Wen (1982); Wen and Lee (1984); Wen HungChich et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano (1978); Knutson and Orth (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeHsieh and Pi (1988); Tao (1999); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentPeng (1984); Lo (1986); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2005); ISSG (2009); Gotzek et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeHuang KunWei (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, WidespreadInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Wen HungChich et al. (2002); Murata et al. (2006); Wen et al. (2007); Tuan et al. (2014); Tuan ShuJen et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); International Institute of Entomology (1996); Takafuji et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, WidespreadHuang (1989); Chang (1991); Yeh et al. (1992); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Kadirvel et al. (2013); Przybylska et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentAratanakul and Burgett (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)PresentNativeArcher (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeMurayama (1934); Eggers (1939); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeNobuchi (1967); Beaver and Browne (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedEggers (1939); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCoyle (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentNativeShao et al. (1993); Froese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeZhang (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Shen (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedMcCullough (2009); Pei (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentNativeClement and Juana (2013); Clements et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentRyall (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Liao and Lia (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadNativeBrazil (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSasa and Kurihara (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLi et al. (2010); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)PresentNativeKottelat (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)PresentNativeBERG (1949); Bănărescu (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHunsaker (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)AbsentFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedLiang et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Absent, Formerly presentCABI (Undated); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Froese and Pauly (2018); Welcomme (1988); Liao and Lia (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Greathead and Greathead (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liao and Lia (1989); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPangasianodon hypophthalmus (sutchi catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadClements et al. (2014); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liao and Lia (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedYang et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Shao and Lim (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedShen (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeLiao IChiu et al. (2004); Miao Sha et al. (2009); Huang ChengTing et al. (2011); IUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDIAS (2004); Flores Nava (2005); Hou PingChun [Hou et al. (2006); Kraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentLu and Hsiu (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeAplin et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liao et al. (1994); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish)Present, WidespreadNativeKobayakawa (1989); Kobayakawa (1989); Shih-Chieh (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shen (1993); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentIntroducedLiao and Lia (1989); Shen (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedLiang et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Chao et al. (1993); Wen HungChich et al. (2002); Wen et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeInvasiveAguirre and Poss (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, Few occurrencesNativeTsai and Wu (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTan et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentNativeChen ChieeYoung and Chen MengHsien (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentAdams (1866)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedChang (1985); Liao ChungMin et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMochida (1991); Cheng and Kao ChingHua (2006); Halwart and Bartley (2006); Yang PingShih et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadNativeICES (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeFAO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadNativeMünderle et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, WidespreadWang et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLiou et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Hung (1958); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTsai (1981); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRuelo (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); Tsai et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadMadamba (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, LocalizedHuang and Chiang (1976); Tsay et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadHung (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentNativeOkamura (1921)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeLewis and Norris (1987); Huang (1990); Tsai et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)PresentNativeKnapp (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeLi and Chiou (2006); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentNativeIrudayaraj (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeLu and Yang (2005); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentPancho and Soerjani (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Flora of China Editorial Committee (2019); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveChen et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveChen et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeHuang (2000); Lewis and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeChiang (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentNative and IntroducedWu ShanHuah et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentNativePIER (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChung ShihWen et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave fourcroydes (henequen)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWu ShanHuah et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Peng ChingI et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJung MingJer et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016); ILDIS (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); Valkenburg (1997); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveeFloras (2013); Chen et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHuang (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera paronychioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera reineckiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Lin et al. (1993); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChen ShihHuei and Wu MingJou (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liu (1976); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWang ChinLing and Chiang MouYen (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); National Taiwan University (1968); Horng and Leu (1980); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2014); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); eFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Burke and DiTommaso (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeInvasiveSpace et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentTaiwan Plant Names (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hsu et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia capillarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)PresentNi et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster subulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustroeupatorium inulifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa carolinianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNative and IntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGISIN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Orwa et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chadburn (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018); Guo and Lin (1986); Tsai JingFu et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlechum pyramidatum (Browne's blechum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chen ShihHuei and Wu MingJou (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); MingJer et al. (2006); Wu et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi and Leeuwenberg (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba furcataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasivePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTaiwan Invasive Species Database (2020); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cheng et al. (2009); Sheu et al. (2009); Shih et al. (2010); Zheng et al. (2010); Cheng et al. (2011); Huang and Sung (2017); Xiao YiTing et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tsai JingFu et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)Present, CultivatedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedChang (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentAnn PaoJen (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentNativePatterson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chen ShihHuei et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChimonobambusa quadrangularisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Anon (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePeng ChingI and Yang KuohCheng (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWuu-Kuang (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedNativeHsui YenRay et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)Present, PlantedIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSu MingChou and Kao HueyLien (2005); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Chien YuYuan et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014); Tzeng et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); Lin MeiJu and Ko WenHsiung (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina paludosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Su MingChou and Kao HueyLien (2005); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria micansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedDeighton (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2004); Wu ShanHuah et al. (2010); Xu HaiGen et al. (2012); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Liao GwoIng et al. (2000); Liao GwoIng et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)PresentFlora of China (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedeMonocot (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)Present, WidespreadHorng (1976); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJiang Hua et al. (2011); Holm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentAnon (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedRooney (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus prolifer (miniature flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2014); Taiwan Invasive Species Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium tortuosum (Florida beggarweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentHong et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedFAO (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria setigera (East Indian crabgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia virginianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDopatrium junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentKao and Rin (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Sajjapongse and Roan (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedOka (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDing et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine ambiguaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleutheranthera ruderalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedQ-bank (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia praetermissa (yellow thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChung KuoFang et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativeInvasiveEfloras (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Flora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveeFloras (2013); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJung MingJer et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Man (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); Wang et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lin and Hsieh (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hyssopifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentNativeKuo (1996); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); WBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativePelser et al. (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlaveria bidentisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlueggea suffruticosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)Present, PlantedIntroducedShen and Chen (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedBoufford et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hsu (1973); Holm et al. (1979); Sun EnJang and Huang MingHuei (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlycosmis parviflora (flower axistree)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium calvicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wang (1990); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentLi and Chang (2002); Ann PaoJen (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHorng and Leu (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeZhuang and Beentje (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocleys nymphoides (water poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle leucocephalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila corymbosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila difformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeTaiwan, National Science Council of the Republic of China (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila stricta (stiff beargrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris microcephalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-NRCS (2013); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWu ShanHuah et al. (2010); Shen et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Tseng YiWen et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yen (1982); Oka (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); Seebens et al. (2017); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea obscuraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea wrightiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)PresentScholz et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora casei (giant red ixora)PresentIntroducedTaiwan Biodiversity Network (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedResearch Center for Biodiversity (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeWu et al. (2000); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Li et al. (1977); Kunjun and Gilbert (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaportea aestuansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentBouda and Chien YewHu (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Present, LocalizedOhwi (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentPIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentNativeILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); Tsai et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentNativeHsieh ChangFu et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentOhwi (1965); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia var. anagallideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope spicata (creeping liriope)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentNativeTetangco (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Sung IHsin et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedResearch Center for Biodiversity (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeFang and Staples (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChen ShihHuei and Wu MingJou (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeKu (2003); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania cordataPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveZhang et al. (2004); Tripathi et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992); Wu et al. (2003); PIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Chang et al. (1982); Wu et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentNativeEfloras (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Liu and Kirschner (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Oka (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); PIER (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNaturalizedLi ZhenYu and Hsieh ChangFu (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNaturalizedLi ZhenYu and Hsieh ChangFu (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeShurtleff and Aoyagi (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Chen et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWu ShanHuah et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNuphar japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUNEP-WCMC (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014); Govaerts (2014); Taiwan Invasive Species Database (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera tetrapteraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHsu and Chen (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeChen and Phillips (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia dillenii (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentWu ChihWen and Lur HuuSheng (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentChang (1975); Zhu et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, WidespreadNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Towers and Mitchell (1983); Peng et al. (1988); Navie et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Zhao LiFeng and Qin ShaoWei (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Lai LiChuan et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum thunbergiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTaiwan Invasive Species Database (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZhengyi et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedHu (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Chou (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWu et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentFu et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeCheng ShuFen et al. (2012); eMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedLiao ChungTa and Chen ChingChung (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhotinia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeWang (1990); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Yang et al. (1987); Lin et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2003); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)Present, PlantedIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Missouri Botanical Garden (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilea microphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Chen ShihHuei et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentCANBR (2014); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJung MingJer et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentReed (1977); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum plebeium (small knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedTurner et al. (2001); Li and Chiou (2006); Xu HaiGen et al. (2012); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentNativeOu ShyiKuan and Chen ChiLing (2002); Song ChiaWei et al. (2007); GISD (2011); Huang et al. (2012); Kanazawa et al. (2016); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentNativeBarstow (2018); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); ILDIS (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWu et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentNativeInvasiveeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentAnn PaoJen et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Millhollon and Burner (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); Zhengyi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ko et al. (2008); Tsai and Chen (2012); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum mexicanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisAbsent, Intercepted onlyHsu (1973); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentDepartment of Agronomy (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTaiwan Invasive Species Database (2016); ILDIS (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, PlantedFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLiang YiShuo and Wang JennChe (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium atlanticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lim (2013); Taiwan Plant Names (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Randall (2012); Taiwan Plant Names (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wu et al. (2004); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hsu et al. (2010); Lee ChiaLin et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Deahl et al. (2008); Taiwan Plant Names (2014); Lin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedTalekar et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva pterospermaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedJung et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Govaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present, WidespreadChang et al. (1982); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moldenke (1980); Chen ShihHuei and Wu MingJou (2003); Kuo (2003); Wu ShanHuah et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentNativePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lee YungAn and Liu YaHuei (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveChang (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalinum paniculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedPeng (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); GBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentIntroducedChao et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTaiwan Plant Names (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of China Editorial Committee (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentNativeInvasiveLiu (1962); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHuang and Hsieh (1994); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedDepartment of Agronomy (1968); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeTang et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentXiao YiTing et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu and Cheek (2011); Wu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Govaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeBoufford et al. (2003); Lee TsaiMing (2005); Deng et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Yeh and Kirschner (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wu ShanHuah et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, WidespreadLilly et al. (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeManwell et al. (1976)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasiveSun (1961); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusBanana streak diseaseAbsent, EradicatedSu et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentChang et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentWang and Chen (1985); Chen and Wang (1986); Hseu et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadDeng et al. (1997); Knierim et al. (2010)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast Asian Passiflora virusPresentIntroducedChang (1992)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusextra small virusPresentWang et al. (2008)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); Chang PenHeng et al. (2005); Chen IWen et al. (2016); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2019); Wang et al. (2008); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentDeng et al. (2014);
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentDeng and Huang (1986); Deng et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); Deng et al. (2014)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentWang et al. (1978); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPassion fruit woodiness virus (passionfruit woodiness disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Chang et al. (1981); Chong YeeHang et al. (2018)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentGreen and Wu (1991); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentIntroducedChen ChinChih et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresent, WidespreadChoi JongChul et al. (2014); Lin ChaoNan et al. (2014)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentTsai et al. (2007)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); Deng et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Wang et al. (2013); Cheng et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); Tu Chien et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)PresentNativeChang HoHsiung et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1978); Zheng et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisPresentChen IWen et al. (2016); Chang PenHeng et al. (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Akabane virus infectionPresentLiao et al. (1996)
American foul broodPresentChen YueWen et al. (2008)
anaplasmosisPresentOtte and Kiltz (1969); Su and Hsu (1993)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadNativeMünderle et al. (2006)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); Lo YungTsung et al. (1994); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentWang ChingHo and Kao YingTai (1996)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentOtte (1968); Chiu and Lu (1986)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentLu et al. (1988)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadLiao et al. (1992)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Dance (1991); OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentLu et al. (1993)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSaikku et al. (1985); Liao et al. (1997)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveNorris and Murray (1964); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
columnaris diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentHsu BingMu et al. (1999); Hsu et al. (2000)
Decapod iridescent virus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentChang (1983)
Digenean infections of fishPresentLiu (1979); Lo et al. (1981); Ooi HongKean et al. (1999)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); Lu et al. (1993); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enteric septicaemia of catfishPresentChung and Kou (1983)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentHsu et al. (1992)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Bak et al. (1983); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentChiueh LihChing et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentHsu BingMu et al. (1999)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Glässer's diseasePresentLin WeiHao et al. (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentYang et al. (1988)
Infection with Decapod iridescent virus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentLin et al. (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); Chang PoaChun et al. (1997); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentHedrick et al. (1983)
Japanese encephalitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Okuno et al. (1975); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentTu et al. (2004); Tu et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leucocytozoonosisPresentAkiba (1970)
listeriosisPresentCABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresentShih ChienMing and Chao LiLian (1998)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentLo YungTsung et al. (1994); Lin MawYeong et al. (1995)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentOgawa et al. (1992); Chen et al. (2001)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentOoi HongKean et al. (2000)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
nocardiosis of fishPresentHsu et al. (1987); Chen et al. (1989); Chen and Tung (1991); Chen et al. (2000)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
oomycete infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Lu et al. (1987); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentWu JinRu et al. (2003)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeManwell et al. (1976)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresent, WidespreadChoi and Chae (1999)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresent, WidespreadChoi JongChul et al. (2014); Lin ChaoNan et al. (2014)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentChang et al. (1993)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentTsai and Chen (1979)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Pseudomonas infections in fishPresentNakai et al. (1985)
pseudotuberculosis in fishPresentTung et al. (1985)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadChang (1984); Huang et al. (1991)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentChueh et al. (1982); Tsai et al. (2000)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresentChao et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresent, WidespreadChien MawSheng et al. (1996)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentChu et al. (1993)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentKundin (1970); SHORTRIDGE and WEBSTER (1979)
swine vesicular diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); Tu Chien et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentUilenberg (1981); Kim SamJu et al. (1998); Onuma et al. (1998)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Tsai YuJen and Chao PanHua (1996); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Lu et al. (1994); OIE (2019)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentPan et al. (1990)
varroosis of honey beesPresentAratanakul and Burgett (1975)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentChen et al. (1985)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); Wang et al. (2008); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedWetchateng et al. (2010)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file