Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tuvalu

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Datasheet

Tuvalu

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Tuvalu
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Funafuti

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Restricted distribution ISSG, 2011; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present APPPC, 1987; Carver, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Restricted distribution NAPPO 15:2; IPPC, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Williams and Watson, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Belkin, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; Williams and Watson, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Williams and Watson, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced Williams and Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Absent, formerly present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Randall and Heemstra, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Unconfirmed record Introduced SPREP, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Eradicated South Pacific Commission, 1979; Cowie, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present YesSwarbrick, 1997; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997; Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Introduced YesWoodroffe, 1985; Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1997; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Swarbrick, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced Swarbrick, 1997; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present YesSwarbrick, 1997; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Waterhouse, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Widespread Native NoAregheore, 2002.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present YesPearson and Grisoni, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Production Quantity 265 Im 395 Im 354 Im 279 Im 280 F
Coconuts Area Harvested 1773 F 1773 Im 1755 Im 1744 Im 1700 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 2075 Im 2004 Im 2012 Im 1838 Im 1700 F
Coconuts Yield 11703.3 Fc 11302.9 Fc 11464.4 Fc 10539 Fc 10000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 75 A 73 A 72 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 680 A 825 A 797 A 736 A 687 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 91891.9 Fc 114583 Fc 106267 Fc 100822 Fc 95416.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 74 Im 72 Im 75 Im 73 Im 72 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 415 Im 430 Im 443 Im 457 Im 407 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 56081.1 Fc 59722.2 Fc 59066.7 Fc 62602.7 Fc 56527.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1773 A 1773 A 1755 A 1744 A 1700 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 166 A 160.32 A 160.96 A 147.04 A 136 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 936.27 Fc 904.23 Fc 917.15 Fc 843.12 Fc 800 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1773 A 1773 A 1755 A 1744 A 1700 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 269.75 A 260.52 A 261.56 A 238.94 A 221 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1521.43 Fc 1469.37 Fc 1490.37 Fc 1370.07 Fc 1300 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 138 Im 156 Im 145 Im 170 Im 150 F
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 138 A 156 A 145 A 170 A 150 A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 74 Im 72 Im 68 Im 65 Im 75 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 531 Im 609 Im 603 Im 536 Im 540 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 68 A 65 A 75 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 531 A 609 A 603 A 536 A 540 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 68 A 65 A 75 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 531 A 609 A 603 A 536 A 540 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Production Quantity 193 Im 272 Im 263 Im 270 F 230 Im
Coconuts Area Harvested 1744 Im 1702 Im 1600 F 1492 Im 1507 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 1706 Im 1676 Im 1600 F 1464 Im 1509 Im
Coconuts Yield 9782.11 Fc 9847.24 Fc 10000 Fc 9812.33 Fc 10013.3 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 68 A 66 A 65 A 63 A 64 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 652 A 759 A 728 A 692 A 673 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 95882.4 Fc 115000 Fc 112000 Fc 109841 Fc 105156 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 68 Im 66 Im 65 F 63 Im 64 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 459 Im 487 Im 465 F 422 Im 443 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 67500 Fc 73787.9 Fc 71538.5 Fc 66984.1 Fc 69218.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1744 A 1702 A 1600 A 1492 A 1507 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 136.48 A 134.08 A 128 A 117.12 A 120.72 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 782.57 Fc 787.78 Fc 800 Fc 784.99 Fc 801.06 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1744 A 1702 A 1600 A 1492 A 1507 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 221.78 A 217.88 A 208 A 190.32 A 196.17 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1271.67 Fc 1280.14 Fc 1300 Fc 1275.6 Fc 1301.73 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 144 Im 140 F 140 F 140 F 139 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 144 A 140 A 140 A 140 A 139 A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 65 Im 68 Im 69 Im 70 F 51 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 565 Im 543 Im 579 Im 530 F 495 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 65 A 68 A 69 A 70 A 51 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 565 A 543 A 579 A 530 A 495 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65 A 68 A 69 A 70 A 51 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 565 A 543 A 579 A 530 A 495 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Country area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W
Forest area Area 1 Fm 1 E 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W
Other land Area 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Country area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 Q 3 Q
Forest area Area 1 Fm 1 E 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 Q 3 Q
Other land Area 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files