Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tuvalu

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Datasheet

Tuvalu

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Present, LocalizedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); IPPC (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); Williams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams and Watson (1988); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)Absent, Formerly presentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, EradicatedSouth Pacific Commission (1979); Cowie (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentInvasiveSwarbrick (1997); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWoodroffe (1985); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1997); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentSwarbrick (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedSwarbrick (1997); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentInvasiveSwarbrick (1997); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeAregheore (2002)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasivePearson and Grisoni (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Production Quantity 265 Im 395 Im 354 Im 279 Im 280 F
Coconuts Area Harvested 1773 F 1773 Im 1755 Im 1744 Im 1700 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 2075 Im 2004 Im 2012 Im 1838 Im 1700 F
Coconuts Yield 11703.3 Fc 11302.9 Fc 11464.4 Fc 10539 Fc 10000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 75 A 73 A 72 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 680 A 825 A 797 A 736 A 687 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 91891.9 Fc 114583 Fc 106267 Fc 100822 Fc 95416.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 74 Im 72 Im 75 Im 73 Im 72 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 415 Im 430 Im 443 Im 457 Im 407 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 56081.1 Fc 59722.2 Fc 59066.7 Fc 62602.7 Fc 56527.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1773 A 1773 A 1755 A 1744 A 1700 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 166 A 160.32 A 160.96 A 147.04 A 136 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 936.27 Fc 904.23 Fc 917.15 Fc 843.12 Fc 800 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1773 A 1773 A 1755 A 1744 A 1700 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 269.75 A 260.52 A 261.56 A 238.94 A 221 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1521.43 Fc 1469.37 Fc 1490.37 Fc 1370.07 Fc 1300 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 138 Im 156 Im 145 Im 170 Im 150 F
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 138 A 156 A 145 A 170 A 150 A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 74 Im 72 Im 68 Im 65 Im 75 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 531 Im 609 Im 603 Im 536 Im 540 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 68 A 65 A 75 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 531 A 609 A 603 A 536 A 540 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74 A 72 A 68 A 65 A 75 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 531 A 609 A 603 A 536 A 540 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 71756.8 Fc 84583.3 Fc 88676.5 Fc 82461.5 Fc 72000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Production Quantity 193 Im 272 Im 263 Im 270 F 230 Im
Coconuts Area Harvested 1744 Im 1702 Im 1600 F 1492 Im 1507 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 1706 Im 1676 Im 1600 F 1464 Im 1509 Im
Coconuts Yield 9782.11 Fc 9847.24 Fc 10000 Fc 9812.33 Fc 10013.3 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 68 A 66 A 65 A 63 A 64 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 652 A 759 A 728 A 692 A 673 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 95882.4 Fc 115000 Fc 112000 Fc 109841 Fc 105156 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 68 Im 66 Im 65 F 63 Im 64 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 459 Im 487 Im 465 F 422 Im 443 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 67500 Fc 73787.9 Fc 71538.5 Fc 66984.1 Fc 69218.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1744 A 1702 A 1600 A 1492 A 1507 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 136.48 A 134.08 A 128 A 117.12 A 120.72 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 782.57 Fc 787.78 Fc 800 Fc 784.99 Fc 801.06 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1744 A 1702 A 1600 A 1492 A 1507 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 221.78 A 217.88 A 208 A 190.32 A 196.17 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1271.67 Fc 1280.14 Fc 1300 Fc 1275.6 Fc 1301.73 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 144 Im 140 F 140 F 140 F 139 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 144 A 140 A 140 A 140 A 139 A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 65 Im 68 Im 69 Im 70 F 51 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 565 Im 543 Im 579 Im 530 F 495 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 65 A 68 A 69 A 70 A 51 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 565 A 543 A 579 A 530 A 495 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65 A 68 A 69 A 70 A 51 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 565 A 543 A 579 A 530 A 495 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 86923.1 Fc 79852.9 Fc 83913 Fc 75714.3 Fc 97058.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Country area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W
Forest area Area 1 Fm 1 E 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 W
Other land Area 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm 1.8 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Country area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 Q 3 Q
Forest area Area 1 Fm 1 E 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 3 W 3 W 3 W 3 Q 3 Q
Other land Area 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm 1.7 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files