Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Turkey

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Datasheet

Turkey

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 83,429,615 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 9,690 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 808,698.51 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 761,425.50 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 6.42 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); Șahİn et al. (2002); Ozdemİr (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); Altundağ et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); O'Leary and Gilbertson (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentCABI (Undated); Çaglayan et al. (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma phoeniciumAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedSertkaya et al. (2007); Özdemİr et al. (2009); Eroglu et al. (2010); Canik et al. (2011); Alp et al. (2016); Gazel et al. (2016); Usta et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentSertkaya et al. (2007); Özdemİr (2017); Usta et al. (2017); Usta et al. (2018); Serçe and Salih Yılmaz (2019); Yilmaz et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentYalçınkaya and Keskİn (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentCanık and Ertunc (2007); Sertkaya et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Serçe et al. (2006); Gazel et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentGazel et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); Demir (1996); Mİrİk et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2011); Horuz et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveOzturk and Aksoy (2017);
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMomol and Zeller (1992); Saygİlİ et al. (2006); Bastas and Sahİn (2012); Bastas and Ozturk (2013); Bastas et al. (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentYener et al. (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveOzturk et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Aysan et al. (2003); Sahİn et al. (2005); Aysan et al. (2009); Ustun (2012); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987); Bozkurt et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); Bastas and Karakaya (2012); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); IPPC (2007); Ustun et al. (2008); Ustun et al. (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella arizonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri pv. punicae (bacterial blight of pomegranate)PresentIcoz et al. (2014);
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentSands and Fourrest (1989); Demir and Üstün (1992); Bragard and Verhoyen (1993); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Guldr et al. (2005); Güldumlaut˜r et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaHerdmania momusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeKara and Sahin (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveRahe (1987)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentUraz (1950); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Balcì and Halmschlager (2003); Akıllı et al. (2012); Kurbetlİ (2013); Tok and Avcı (2015); Türkölmez et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentBaysal-Gurel and Cinar (2015);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Tosun et al. (2007)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentKarakaya et al. (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, WidespreadOnan and Onoğur (1989); Göre (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentÖzçelik and Özçelik (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaArthrocladiella mougeotiiPresentÖzer and Bayraktar (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentAkıllı et al. (2012); Lehtıjärvı et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedAkİllİ et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentEken (2003); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentAkgul et al. (2014); Kayim et al. (2018); Akgül and Ahioğlu (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentAkata and Heluta (2015);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Özarslandan and Akgül (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)Present, LocalizedÖzarslandan and Azkgul (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentOskay et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1991); Mitchell and Brasier (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2004); Ziadi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentErper et al. (2012); Amano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedRaddi et al. (1987); Sümer (1987); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDoğmuș-Lehtıjärvı et al. (2007); Kaya et al. (2014); Oskay et al. (2018);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentDoğmuș-Lehtijärvi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022); Sert and Sümbül (2005)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentHuseyin (2005); Göbelez (1963); Lehtıjärvı et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadOzkan and Prescott (1972); Kinaci (1983); Akcİ and Karakaya (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Göre (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedÇakır (2000); Basİm et al. (2005); Çakİr (2005); IPPC (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); Çakır and Demİrcİ (2017); Günaçtı and Erkılıç (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma luctuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedÇinar et al. (2009); Surugiu (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides heterocerusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides homocerosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides minaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides operculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLeonnates persicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPrionospio sacciferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudonereis anomalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudopolydora paucibranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirobranchus kraussiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirorbis marioniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaStreblospio gynobranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentȘekeroğlu and Özgür (1984); Akyazİ (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentNativeEichhorn (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Okyar et al. (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNeu (1935); Gonlugur-Demirci (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Present, Transient under eradicationIPPC (2016); Hızal et al. (2015); Topakcı et al. (2017); Yıldız (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Ayberk et al. (2014); IPPC (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentGüneş and Yaşar (2020); Rose (1990); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Akyürek et al. (2011); Güçlü et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Kersting et al. (1999); Isikber (2005); Satar et al. (2005); Akyürek et al. (2010); Satar et al. (2013); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Uygun et al. (1987); Rakauskas et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentGüçlü et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentKaygİn et al. (2009); Cebecı and Acer (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentGüusay et al. (1990); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadÖgür et al. (1989); Dittrich et al. (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Çevİk and Erkıș (2008); Karut and Naranjo (2009); Karut et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bayhan et al. (2006); Fidan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentKarut et al. (2014); Ahmed et al. (2009); Shatters et al. (2009); Fidan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKutrup (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeVelthuis (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentGöven et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Ozman and Cobanoğlu (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedKaçar and Ulusoy (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014); Kacar (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Soyhan et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jensen (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentMergen and Çaghacek˜atay (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCebecı and Acer (2007); Cebecİ et al. (2011); Gözel and Gözel (2014); Cebecİ et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); Epsky et al. (1999); Zekİ et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveGuher (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentIntroducedKocatas (1981); Yokes and Galil (2006); Yokes et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentBayram and Tonğa (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Kornoșor (1987); Zümroeğlu and Akbulut (1987); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Topakci et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBodenheimer (1941); UK, CAB International (1969); Uygun et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentEastop (1972); Watson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Kızıltepe et al. (2009); Bașar and Yașar (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentBaldizzone and Savenkov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentMutun (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); Miller et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Kepenekci et al. (2004); Karagoz et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio nucum (hazelnut weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHızal (2012); CABI/EPPO (2012); Hİzal et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Present, LocalizedKeçe et al. (2019); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSerez (1979); Alkan (2000); DKOA (2001); Yilmax et al. (2006); Yaman and Radek (2007); Yaman and Radek (2008); Yaman and Radek (2008); Akİncİ et al. (2009); Sevima et al. (2010); Tanyeli et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentEPPO (2022); Kondur et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); Franco et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus uvaePresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDociostaurus tartarusPresentMol and Zeybekoğlu (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentNativeKenis et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2016); Orhan et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedÇetgdot over˜n et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentEfıl et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentKayden and Kozar (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentCoșkuncu and Kovancı (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpilachna argusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)PresentCABI (Undated); Yildiz et al. (2018); Bostancı et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1964); Güçlü et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp)PresentÇobanoğlu and Doğanlar (2006); Doğanlar and Bolu (2004); Doganlar et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFarfantepenaeus aztecus (northern brown shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann (1993); Özgen et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTunç and Göçmen (1994); Dağlı and Tunç (2007); Gözel and Gözel (2014); Gokkaya and Karaca (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGastrodes grossipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Karaca et al. (2015); Çıkaran and Avcı (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Pehlevan and Kovancı (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Güncan and Gümüş (2019); Guncan and Gunus (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); Oztemİz (2008); Demİrumlaut˜er (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1961); Zümreoğlu (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentArgyriou (1990); Danzig and Pellizari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterosaccus dollfusiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Present, WidespreadAcatay (1971); Tozlu (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); Semİz et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeSerez (1987); CABI and EPPO (2010); Sarıkaya and Avcı (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Sullİvan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Gürkan and Boșgelmez (1984); Gözel and Gözel (2014); Bal et al. (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAytar (2003); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentArslangündoğdu and Hızal (2010); Hızal (2012); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeInvasiveCERIS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedNativeBacescu (1954); Wittmann (1995); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresent, WidespreadUygun et al. (1995); Tamer et al. (1998); Hincal et al. (2000); Martinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); Cİvelek et al. (2002); Dawah and Deeming (2002); Çıkman and Sasakawa (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedDeeming (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentGunyadin (1972); Iren (1972); Kisakurek (1972); Otaci (1972); Kacar (1982); Ataç et al. (1987); Ataç et al. (1992); Erkilic and Yigit (1992); Zeki (1996); Cross et al. (2008); Akyol and Aslan (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongicaudus trirhodusPresentGüçlü et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedKaracaoğlu et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentKișmir (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentDemİr (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicippa thaliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Okyar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated); Rakauskas et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Fenton et al. (2010); Rakauskas et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeYaman et al. (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentOkyar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Mercikoglu (2001); Bright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMutuura and Munroe (1970); UK, CAB International (1991); Hoshizaki et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeHolthuis and Gottlies (1958); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPammene fascianaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBaşbay et al. (2020); Benyamini et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadAcatay (1959); Yüksel (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ulgenturk and Toros (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); Unlu and Mezrelİ (2011); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus hathorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveYokes and Galil (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedKaydan et al. (2013); Celepcİ et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedErler et al. (2010); Kılıç (2010); Cifuentes et al. (2011); Unlu (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Portakaldalı et al. (2013); Șahİn et al. (2014); Bayram et al. (2015); Polat et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhycita diaphanaPresentÖzaslan et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); Atalay and Hıncal (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNHM (1970); Canakcioglu (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Ünal (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveSchimitschek (1941); Schimitschek (1944); Schedl (1959); Chararas (1978); Sekendiz (1987); Sarikaya and Avci (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentSoylu and Urel (1977); Uygun et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (1999); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentTezcan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentBulut and Gocmen (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentNativeMordukhaj-Boltovskoj (1964); Ozbek (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentIntroducedInvasiveYokes et al. (2007); Gruvel (1928); Holthuis (1961); Kocatas and Katagan (2003); Ozcan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentNizamlioglu (1957); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Erler and Tunç (2001); Mohammed et al. (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedUygun et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedWarchalowski (1976); Aslan et al. (2000); Bal et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhipidothrips gratiosusPresentTunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2007); Atakan et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentYücel (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentEken et al. (2006); Yıldız (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); Atakan and Pehlivan (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentNHM (1970); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM (1948)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1967); Aydin and Gurkan (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenothoe gallensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTephritis praecoxPresentYaran and Kütük (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCFIA (2003); Alkan and Eroğlu (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita poissoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Mol et al. (2002); Carus (2004); Kanat and Alma (2004); Mirchev et al. (2004); Kanat et al. (2005); Kanat and Özbolat (2006); Mirchev et al. (2007); İnce et al. (2008); Sevİm et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentYüksel et al. (2001); Sarikaya and Avci (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentYasarakinci and Hincal (1996); Çevİk and Erkıș (2008); Erdogan et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveRoques et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTezcan et al. (2004); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentCebecİ and Ayberk (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentWarrit et al. (2004); Crane (1979); Cakmak et al. (2002); Çakmak et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher (1998); Yildirim and Kojima (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Gözel and Gözel (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervataPresentBarjadze et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBalachowsky (1963); Schedl (1981); Sezen et al. (2008); Saruhan and Akyol (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelleria oleastrellaPresentKaçar and Ulusoy (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997); Coad (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmberboa moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCoad (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon quekettiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelon haematocheilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeBilecenoglu et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabiciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedAlikhuni (1966); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDussumieria elopsoides (slender rainbow sardine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEnchelycore anatina (fangtooth moray)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus farPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeniochus intermedius (Red Sea bannerfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys punctatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHippocampus fuscusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHyporhamphus affinisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFAO (1997); Cildir (2001); Olenin et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus sceleratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeHoffman and Smith (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonotaxis grandoculis (Humpnose big-eye bream)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNemipterus randalliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOmobranchus punctatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Coad (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Innal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Hall (2016); Cranswick and Hall (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParablennius thysanius (blenny)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParexocoetus mento (African sailfin flyingfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParupeneus forsskali (Red Sea goatfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresent, WidespreadNativeAkın et al. (2010); Plötner et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPempheris vanicolensis (Vanikoro sweeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Absent, Formerly presentBilecenoglu et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetroscirtes ancylodon (Arabian fangblenny)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhallusia nigra (black sea squirt)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedNativeBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008); ZipCodeZoo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedTok et al. (2015); Ugurtas and Yildirimhan (2000); Hur et al. (2008); Mollov (2009); Ilgaz et al. (2013); Tok and Cicek (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWildekamp et al. (1997); Yilmaz et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Localized, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Șahın and Arslangündoğdu (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBoyla et al. (1998); BirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPteragogus pelycusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois miles (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Absent, Formerly presentFroese and Pauly (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Innal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Innal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSargocentron rubrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Bogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSphyraena flavicaudaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fujisaki et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma brakenhielmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTarkan et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTorquigener flavimaculosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTylerius spinosissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadNativeKirwan (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus poriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKideys and Gücü (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraBeroe cucumisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shiganova (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAmphioctopus aeginaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara demiriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara natalensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAntigona lamellarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAplysia dactylomelaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedUysal et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedKinzelbach (1985); Aartsen and Kinzelbach (1990); Tringali and Villa (1990); Niederhofer et al. (1991); Buzzurro and Greppi (1996); Çinar (2006); Galil (2006); Doğan et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis pulvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis tenthrenoisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama asperellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacificaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida micronanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida pirintellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeLocard (1883); Schuett (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedReichling (1950); Uygun and Șekeroğlu (1987); Yıldırım et al. (2004); CFIA (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCycloscala hyalinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDendostrea fronsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDendrostrea fronsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentYıldırım and Kebapçı (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppelliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiscodoris lilacinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeInvasiveAksu et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErgalatax obscuraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFinella pupoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFlabellina rubrolineataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGafrarium pectinatum (ribbed venus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGibborissoa virgataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea cyanomarginataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHinemoa cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHypselodoris infucataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais laceraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIolaea neofelixoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalusPresentKorol and Korniushin (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLaternula anatinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentYıldırım and Kebapçı (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeRähle (1992); Schütt (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)PresentSertkaya et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Çevik et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMetaxia bacillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonotygma lautaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992); Canyurt (2005); ISSG (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaNitidotellina valtonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxynoe viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMutlu (2013); Kinzelbach (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlocamopherus ocellatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKalyoncu et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPsammotreta praeruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPseudominolia nedymaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPurpuradusta gracilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFischer-Piette (1960); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRhinoclavis kochiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina ambiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina bertholletiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedAlbayrak (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSaccostrea cucullataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSepioteuthis lessoniana (bigfin reef squid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSeptifer cumingiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSiphonaria belcheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSiphonaria crenataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSmaragdia souverbianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus spinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyphonota geographica (geographic sea hare)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyrnola cinctellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyrnola fasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Culha (2010); Sen et al. (2010); Borges et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Cowie (1990); Yıldırım et al. (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra selasphoraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGenç et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentUztuzun (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002); Tulek et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentKepenekcİ (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Tan and Ökten (2009); Tan and Ökten (2011); Kepenekcİ et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedEnneli and Ozturk (1989); Vito et al. (1994); Esquibet et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveEnnelİ and Öztürk (1995); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveEnnelİ and Öztürk (1995); CABI/EPPO (2011); Toktay et al. (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); İmren et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003); Akgul et al. (2010); Mennan et al. (2011); Akyazİ et al. (2012); Akyazİ et al. (2017); Aydınlı (2018); Özalp et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedDevran et al. (2009); Ozarslandan et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Aydınlı et al. (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentBora (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002); Mennan and Handoo (2006); Erdogus et al. (2010); Kepenekcİ and Dura (2017); Aydınlı (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI (Undated); Tan and Ökten (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadElekcioglu et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentKepenekcİ (2014); Kepenekcİ et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentTEKINEL et al. (1971); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedInvasiveTolay et al. (2001); Tolay et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa scalpelliformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGuiry and Guiry (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium parvulumPresentIntroducedAydogan and Taskin (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva fasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Asav et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora nayadiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria collinsianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCirik et al. (1990); Taskin et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeGómez Garreta et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia fucoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentKök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveÜremİș and Uygur (1999); Üremİș and Uygur (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedAkanil and Middleton (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016); Karaca et al. (1999); Tunç et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australisPresentBrundu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedÇobanoğlu (1994); Ayberk et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Topakcı et al. (2017); Yıldız (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated); Yıldız (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea grandifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSlageren (1994); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeDavis (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedILDIS (2002); Hızal and Parlak (2013); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002); Bükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subhirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeYaltirik (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008); Hepworth and Tezel (1975); Eken et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeKarakaya (2006); Med-Checklist (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Karakaya (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); Greuter et al. (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Bükün (2005); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Altınok (2013); Kaydan et al. (2013); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCelepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated); Bayram et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Byfield and Baytop (1998); EPPO (2000); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentBischof (1978); Holm et al. (1991); Tepe et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand (2011); Soylu and Soylu (2003); Kepenekcİ and Dura (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentCimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnebia decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); USDA-ARS (2007); Clayton et al. (2014); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus falcatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Uzun (1979); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota acetabulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota pseudodictamnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia trifoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoreava orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Tunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeDavis (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCimalová (2012); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper and Moerkerk (2000); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Kostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentNativeDavis (1988); Kandemİr and Türkmen (2008); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Basİm et al. (2004); Güldür and Çağlar (2006); Ozaslan et al. (2006); Tunç et al. (2012); Kaydan et al. (2013); Delİgoz et al. (2014); Bayram et al. (2015); Arpacı (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentKaydan et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentNativeWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)Absent, Formerly presentWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRosenthal et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2003); Akyürek et al. (2010); Eriksen et al. (2012); Tunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Özaslan et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadBates et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum temulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCelepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Bükün (2005); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Altınok (2013); Kara et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrozophora tinctoriaPresentÖzaslan et al. (2016); Bükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Kaya and Zengin (2000); USDA-ARS (2004); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Tekșam and Tunç (2009); Tunç et al. (2012); Baysal-Gurel and Cİnar (2014); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadNativeRechinger (1992); Sokmen et al. (2005); Demİr (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentBaysal-Gurel and Cinar (2015); Dervıs et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Bükün (2005); Tunalİ et al. (2008); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Celepcİ et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorchorus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentBastas and Sahİn (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis dioscoridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeKupicha (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, PlantedKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Akyürek et al. (2010); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker and Wilson (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphiticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia (2016); Paylan et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1980); Tepe et al. (2002); Bükün (2005); Tunç et al. (2012); Altınok (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2022); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Bükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Davis (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentCelepcİ et al. (2017); Soylu et al. (2005); Akyürek et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrocephala integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentCetİnkaya-Yİldİz et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Pohl et al. (1998); Bükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991); Bükün (2005); Tunç et al. (2012); Altınok (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentUremİs et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, PlantedNativeGokturk et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDavis (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopyrum orientalePresentKiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentTunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lagascaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCelepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supinaPresentBükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentKorkut and Kasa (1979); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Huseyın and Selcuk (2004); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012); Tunç et al. (2012); Mohammed et al. (2016); Elçİ et al. (2017); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); Demİr (2018); Balbakan et al. (2019); Türkölmez et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago vulgarisPresentCimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeGodwin (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentMohammed et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus ikariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentEPPO (2022); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedNativeGibbs and Dingwall (1971); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium psilostemonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Tunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus fruticosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedTurkozan and Durmus (2000); Ates et al. (2008); Meric et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968); Kök et al. (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017); Mırık et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Baștaș et al. (2009); Mahmoud and Budak (2011); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)PresentNativeFröberg (2010); Ahmad (2013); GBIF (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentNativeGuner (1983); Davis et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentMırık et al. (2018); Kaydan et al. (2013); Karanfil and Korkmaz (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeKavak et al. (2007); GBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum turkestanicumPresentKiedrowicz et al. (2014); Eken et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, Few occurrencesNativeCatling et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ramifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum hircinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Bükün (2005); Scortichini et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Yazlİk et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Özaslan et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Özaslan et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentKoca and Kütük (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus incurvusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Tunç et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium monadelphumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria incarnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Karasu et al. (1979); Arslan et al. (1988); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Altınok (2013); Önelge et al. (2016); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago fischerianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Cimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentBrundu et al. (2011); Scholz and Byfıeld (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedTunç et al. (2012); Mohammed et al. (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedMohammed et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari azureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Özaslan et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMycelis muralis (wall lettuce)PresentAkyürek et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentBates et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus assoanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Kavak and Üstün (2009); Tunç et al. (2012); Çalıșkan et al. (2015); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885); Sönmez et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)Present, LocalizedNativeKaya et al. (2009); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia capensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeDanin (1975); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOriganum onitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Bülbül et al. (2009); Aksoy et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Kaya et al. (2004); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, WidespreadParker and Wilson (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveByfield and Baytop (1998); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pilosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMuseum National d'Histoire Naturelle (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); Townsend et al. (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum thunbergiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedBoydak (2000); Mohammed et al. (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentIntroducedGüner (1984); Brundu et al. (2011); Berner et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015); Eken et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Atakan et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedGönen et al. (2000); Bükün (2005); Bayram et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentBükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentGümrükcü et al. (2016); Verhoeven et al. (2009); Erper et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeGottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeGottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedTİlkİ and Ugurlu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedUgenc (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); Akbulut et al. (2006); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedUgenc (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Çobanoglu (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Bașaran et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kiedrowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Tepe et al. (1994); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Güçlü et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentWalters (1964); Bükün (2005); Altınok (2013); Kök et al. (2016); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentSkuhravá et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Bastas (2012); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Korkmaz et al. (2007); Korkmaz et al. (2008); Yılmaz et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentKorkmaz et al. (2008); Korkmaz et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveTunalİ et al. (2003); USDA-ARS (2003); Bruckart et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAnsin and Terzioglu (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentMohammed et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Güçlü et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016); Mohammed et al. (2016); Keçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentHanelt et al. (2001); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Çıtır and İlbağı (2008); Sertkaya (2010); Bastas and Sahİn (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeAlpinar et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentOzturk et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedKeçe and Ulusoy (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Tunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeDavis (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentWagenitz (1975); Akyürek et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentWang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Bükün (2005); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentCABI (Undated); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedTerzİoğlu and Anșİn (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentKorkmaz et al. (2008); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Altınok (2013); Kök et al. (2016); Önelge et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentCelepcİ et al. (2017); Bükün (2005); Altınok (2013); Bayram et al. (2015); Kök et al. (2016); Önelge et al. (2016); Kazak et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedISSG (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Basİm et al. (2005); Çakİr (2005); Ustun et al. (2008); Altundağ et al. (2009); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009); Devran et al. (2009); Ozarslandan et al. (2009); Akgul et al. (2010); Erdogus et al. (2010); Çakır and Demİrcİ (2012); Unlu (2012); Ozturk and Aksoy (2016); Ozturk et al. (2016); Çakır and Demİrcİ (2017); Ozturk and Aksoy (2017); Çakır et al. (2020); Toktay et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTerzİoğlu et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Akyürek et al. (2010); Kök et al. (2016); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1991); Demİrcİ et al. (2002); Bükün (2005); Altınok (2013); Bayram et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Tunç et al. (2012); Kök et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentAlp et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedBaser and Malyer (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAbak and Düzenli (1989); Demİrcİ et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentPohl et al. (1998); Bükün (2005); Altınok (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium argutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium isthmocarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mutabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella kotschyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum carthlicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrospermum picroidesPresentAkyürek et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Akyazİ et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentDavis (1985); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia assyriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020); Tunç et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedBükün (2005); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Bükün (2005); Altınok (2013); Bayram et al. (2015); Celepcİ et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedYayintas Özlem Tonguç (2009)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, LocalizedBalech (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al. (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentYılmaz and Özaslan (1989); Fidan and Yorgancı (1990); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentGümüș et al. (2004); Topkaya and Ertunç (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadYardımcı and Özgönen (2007); Buzkan et al. (2017); Yeşil (2020)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2004); Wisler et al. (1998); Rubio et al. (1999); Orfanidou et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Martelli et al. (1984); EPPO (2022)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al. (1993)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentYilmaz et al. (1997); Koklu et al. (1998); Saldarelli et al. (1998); Çiftçİ et al. (2015); Caglayan et al. (2017)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Bremer (1974); Bremer and Raatikainen (1975)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentKöklü and Yİlmaz (2006)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Șevİk and Delİgöz (2016); Kılıçgözde Ürgen and Yardımcı (2017); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI (Undated); Güldür and Çağlar (2006); Sevik (2011)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); Myrta et al. (1998); Elİbüyük (2003); Gümüs et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); Candresse et al. (2007); Çıtır and İlbağı (2008); İlbağı et al. (2008); Akbaș et al. (2011); Gürcan et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); Verhoeven et al. (2009); Bostan et al. (2010); Mackie et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2010); Köklü and Yılmaz (2004)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSheeppox virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)PresentEPPO (2022); EPPO (2019); Fidan et al. (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); Kamberoglu et al. (2009); Delİgoz et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMorris (1997); Fidan et al. (2019); Fidan and Sarıkaya (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentNativeBremer (1971); UK, CAB International (1982); Stenger et al. (2002)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Akabane virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anguillicolosisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGenç et al. (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentHaziroglu et al. (1994)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadGirgan (1982)
avian bordetellosisPresentTürkyılmaz et al. (2009)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentErgün and Erturun (1993)
avian trichomoniasisPresentAydın et al. (2000)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentGüler et al. (1996); Kaya and Kırkan (1999)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Taylor et al. (1985); Burgu et al. (1992); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al. (2003)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBurgu and Akca (1982); Burgu and Toker (1985); Yonguç et al. (1988); CABI (Undated)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentAlkan (1998)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentTonbak et al. (2013)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentYılmaz and Yeșİlbağ (2008)
bovine papillomatosisPresentPamukcu (1963); CABI (Undated)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadÖztürk and Yavru (1988); Öztürk and Duman (1992); Özdarendeli et al. (1997)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentBurgu et al. (1990)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); Kenar (1991); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); Kıran et al. (1997); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentGözün and Kİran (1999)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresent, LocalizedBekar et al. (1993)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveRahe (1987); OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadYucel et al. (2000); İnceboz et al. (2002); Aksoy et al. (2003); Atambay et al. (2003); Çelİksöz and Çelİk (2003); Dirim et al. (2003); Kutukculer et al. (2003); Pașa and Ulutaș (2003); Sari et al. (2003); Ulutaș and Voyvoda (2004)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentKaratas et al. (2004)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentGenç (1997)
European foul broodPresentYalçınkaya and Keskİn (2010)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); Kitching (1998); OIE (2020)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
giardiasisPresentCABI (Undated)
glandersPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentArda et al. (1989); Diker et al. (1994); Kaya et al. (1995); Haziroglu et al. (1997); Sağlam et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentCandan (2002)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentKaya et al. (1998)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumoniaPresentSen and Albay (2003); Icen et al. (2009)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadToz et al. (2013)
louping illPresentCABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentYener et al. (2001)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentOtlu et al. (1997)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentAk et al. (1993)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentBergonier and Poumarat (1996)
neosporosisPresentÇoškun et al. (2000)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2004); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisPresentAlibasoglu et al. (1973)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2019); Fernandez (1991); OIE (1992); OIE (1999); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadHeidimli and Uaar (1999); Vural et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentYeșildere et al. (1994)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadSeyrek-Intaș (1995)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentMimioglu (1977); Sayin (1991); OIE (1998)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentAltay et al. (2008)
torovirus infectionsPresentGülaçtı et al. (2014)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentErdem et al. (2014); Büyük et al. (2012)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentAydin and Gürbüz (1996)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentTürkarslan (1988)
varroosis of honey beesPresentWarrit et al. (2004); Crane (1979); Cakmak et al. (2002); Çakmak et al. (2003)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested47,08842,19135,20233,32229,671
Production quantity150,000100,00090,00085,00080,000
Yield31,855 Fc23,702 Fc25,567 Fc25,509 Fc26,962 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested63,21654,38943,86942,34142,871
Production quantity46,10439,27732,73830,58327,844
Yield7,293 Fc7,221 Fc7,463 Fc7,223 Fc6,495 Fc
ApplesArea harvested174,439174,690175,357173,394171,410
Production quantity3,618,7523,625,9603,032,1642,925,8282,569,759
Yield207,451 Fc207,565 Fc172,914 Fc168,739 Fc149,919 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested131,178125,756125,049123,805123,176
Production quantity846,606750,000985,000730,000696,100
Yield64,539 Fc59,639 Fc78,769 Fc58,964 Fc56,513 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested3,017 Im3,055 Im2,981 Im2,829 Im2,544 Im
Production quantity39,07139,47738,43136,36832,701
Yield129,503 Fc129,221 Fc128,920 Fc128,554 Fc128,542 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested46 Im45 Im47 Im39 Im18 Im
Production quantity17416917814568
Yield37,826 Fc37,556 Fc37,872 Fc37,179 Fc37,778 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested949556532488473
Production quantity4,2093,1642,7651,9501,850
Yield44,352 Fc56,906 Fc51,974 Fc39,959 Fc39,112 Fc
BananasArea harvested8,4887,6166,8216,2255,838
Production quantity548,323498,888369,009305,926270,500
Yield645,998 Fc655,053 Fc540,990 Fc491,447 Fc463,344 Fc
BarleyArea harvested2,860,8892,601,2072,418,3122,700,0232,774,726
Production quantity7,600,0007,000,0007,100,0006,700,0008,000,000
Yield26,565 Fc26,911 Fc29,359 Fc24,815 Fc28,832 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested88,89984,78689,67888,54893,543
Production quantity225,000220,000239,000235,000235,000
Yield25,310 Fc25,948 Fc26,651 Fc26,539 Fc25,122 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested43,702 Im43,399 Im47,999 Im49,676 Im50,142 Im
Production quantity596,074580,949630,347638,532640,836
Yield136,395 Fc133,862 Fc131,325 Fc128,539 Fc127,804 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested10,419 Im9,552 Im10,96611,14510,517
Production quantity70,17569,18777,12274,19269,334
Yield67,353 Fc72,432 Fc70,328 Fc66,570 Fc65,926 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested4,3324,7725,3125,2925,414
Production quantity12,34613,19814,74614,48914,078
Yield28,500 Fc27,657 Fc27,760 Fc27,379 Fc26,003 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested27,010 Im25,533 Im26,316 Im27,016 Im25,875 Im
Production quantity819,667765,276778,887785,971766,675
Yield303,468 Fc299,720 Fc295,975 Fc290,928 Fc296,300 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested2,066737574399239
Production quantity3,8391,228922670390
Yield18,582 Fc16,662 Fc16,063 Fc16,792 Fc16,318 Fc
CarobsArea harvested7956826742,930 *2,860
Production quantity16,25615,50615,01613,40512,851
Yield204,478 Fc227,361 Fc222,789 Fc45,751 Fc44,934 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested11,311 Im11,156 Im10,091 Im9,952 Im9,918 Im
Production quantity666,270644,367571,301556,387536,381
Yield589,046 Fc577,597 Fc566,149 Fc559,071 Fc540,816 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested14,099 Im13,232 Im11,979 Im11,281 Im10,375 Im
Production quantity315,276294,743265,815250,330226,619
Yield223,616 Fc222,750 Fc221,901 Fc221,904 Fc218,428 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested10,746,739 A10,871,307 A11,090,361 A11,359,619 A11,679,276 A
Production quantity34,398,698 A34,395,628 A36,126,157 A35,276,615 A38,632,438 A
Yield32,008 Fc31,639 Fc32,574 Fc31,054 Fc33,078 Fc
CherriesArea harvested83,44784,08785,40184,74681,409
Production quantity664,224639,564627,132599,650535,600
Yield79,598 Fc76,060 Fc73,434 Fc70,759 Fc65,791 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested21,46721,72521,56722,32421,276
Production quantity182,165184,167181,874192,500183,500
Yield84,858 Fc84,772 Fc84,330 Fc86,230 Fc86,247 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested12,71439,08039,58039,00040,160
Production quantity72,65563,58062,90464,75063,750
Yield57,146 Fc16,269 Fc15,893 Fc16,603 Fc15,874 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested517,785514,102392,673351,687357,222
Production quantity630,000630,000470,000455,000460,000
Yield12,167 Fc12,254 Fc11,969 Fc12,938 Fc12,877 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested6,539 Im6,577 Im6,621 Im6,672 Im6,847 Im
Production quantity15,614 Im15,710 Im15,818 Im15,945 Im16,258 Im
Yield23,878 Fc23,886 Fc23,891 Fc23,898 Fc23,745 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested92,089 Im90,643 Im93,611 Im88,487 Im80,823 Im
Production quantity2,625,6692,554,9742,608,1722,457,8222,191,888
Yield285,123 Fc281,872 Fc278,618 Fc277,761 Fc271,196 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested174,245 A143,665 A140,000 A135,643 A132,912 A
Production quantity4,301,415 A4,902,052 A4,769,726 A4,293,007 A3,975,873 A
Yield246,860 Fc341,214 Fc340,695 Fc316,493 Fc299,136 Fc
CranberriesProduction quantity10,26910,24310,01210,96210,950
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested38,486 Im37,543 Im37,563 Im37,536 Im38,636 Im
Production quantity1,916,6451,848,2731,827,7821,811,6811,822,636
Yield498,011 Fc492,308 Fc486,591 Fc482,652 Fc471,746 Fc
DatesArea harvested2,542 Im2,530 Im2,603 Im2,183 Im2,079
Production quantity41,570 Im39,959 Im38,598 Im34,360 Im33,725
Yield163,533 Fc157,941 Fc148,283 Fc157,398 Fc162,217 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested23,337 Im23,951 Im25,560 Im24,756 Im23,471 Im
Production quantity822,659836,284883,917854,049805,259
Yield352,513 Fc349,165 Fc345,820 Fc344,987 Fc343,087 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested477,835 A518,659 A501,500 A416,023 A434,006 A
Production quantity29 A28 A24 A21 A9 A
Yield1 Fc1 FcFc1 FcFc
FigsArea harvested52,11651,38950,33049,98749,718
Production quantity310,000306,499305,689305,450300,600
Yield59,483 Fc59,643 Fc60,737 Fc61,106 Fc60,461 Fc
Flax fibre and towProduction quantity2322 Im3 Im
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested1,384,591 A1,362,887 A1,363,040 A1,374,434 A1,392,191 A
Production quantity23,312,940 A23,601,767 A23,153,288 A21,780,950 A20,296,003 A
Yield168,374 Fc173,175 Fc169,865 Fc158,472 Fc145,785 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested202 Im176 Im174 Im190 *190 *
Production quantity2,2302,0522,1242,2502,135
Yield110,396 Fc116,591 Fc122,069 Fc118,421 Fc112,368 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested29,15029,14929,76730,53040,120
Production quantity525,741537,847502,606465,200415,210
Yield180,357 Fc184,516 Fc168,847 Fc152,375 Fc103,492 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested2,766 Im2,832 Im2,703 Im2,861 *2,946 *
Production quantity15,37015,46215,07415,79715,522
Yield55,568 Fc54,597 Fc55,768 Fc55,215 Fc52,688 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
GarlicArea harvested2,557 Im2,807 Im2,909 Im14,964 Im13,162 Im
Production quantity23,35125,51926,328135,148119,223
Yield91,322 Fc90,912 Fc90,505 Fc90,315 Fc90,581 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested330410550
Production quantity495615825
Yield15,000 Fc15,000 Fc15,000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested5,2225,1825,3596,1556,348
Production quantity249,185250,000260,000253,120250,025
Yield477,183 Fc482,439 Fc485,165 Fc411,243 Fc393,864 Fc
GrapesArea harvested405,439417,041416,907435,227461,956
Production quantity4,100,0003,933,0004,200,0004,000,0003,650,000
Yield101,125 Fc94,307 Fc100,742 Fc91,906 Fc79,012 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested42,21844,29041,95042,24437,773
Production quantity169,328173,835165,330164,186147,537
Yield40,108 Fc39,249 Fc39,411 Fc38,866 Fc39,059 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested734,409728,381706,667705,445434,119
Production quantity776,046515,000675,000420,000646,000
Yield10,567 Fc7,070 Fc9,552 Fc5,954 Fc14,881 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested28 Im25 Im22 Im21 Im6 Im
Production quantity27 Im25 Im22 Im19 Im6 Im
Yield9,643 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc9,048 Fc10,000 Fc
HempseedArea harvested486232
Production quantity203111
Yield4,167 Fc5,000 Fc5,000 Fc3,333 Fc5,000 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested3,0672,9902,7442,4872,411
Production quantity63,79861,92056,16443,95041,640
Yield208,014 Fc207,090 Fc204,679 Fc176,719 Fc172,708 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested8,163 Im8,872 Im7,344 Im8,068 Im8,242 Im
Production quantity234,052252,958208,239227,172231,678
Yield286,723 Fc285,119 Fc283,550 Fc281,572 Fc281,094 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested40,15535,91132,42830,03328,570
Production quantity950,0001,100,0001,007,133850,600750,550
Yield236,583 Fc306,313 Fc310,575 Fc283,222 Fc262,706 Fc
LentilsArea harvested281,741259,374292,455246,322223,772
Production quantity353,631353,000430,000365,000360,000
Yield12,552 Fc13,610 Fc14,703 Fc14,818 Fc16,088 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested23,335 Im22,919 Im23,213 Im22,673 Im21,248 Im
Production quantity499,766487,543490,423478,442447,492
Yield214,170 Fc212,724 Fc211,271 Fc211,018 Fc210,604 Fc
LinseedArea harvested
Production quantity
Yield
MaizeArea harvested638,065591,544637,726679,537686,169
Production quantity6,000,0005,700,0005,900,0006,400,0006,400,000
Yield94,034 Fc96,358 Fc92,516 Fc94,182 Fc93,271 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested79,250 Im78,880 Im82,254 Im84,541 Im79,177 Im
Production quantity1,777,0591,753,9421,813,4221,854,3561,719,620
Yield224,235 Fc222,356 Fc220,466 Fc219,344 Fc217,187 Fc
MelonseedProduction quantityImImImImIm
MilletArea harvested1,7622,0752,1732,3072,651
Production quantity4,7654,3974,7375,3276,219
Yield27,043 Fc21,190 Fc21,799 Fc23,091 Fc23,459 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity49,36446,14440,87440,27239,495
Mustard seedArea harvestedImImImImIm
Production quantityImImImImIm
Nuts nesArea harvested1,185 Im1,174 Im1,162 Im1,150 Im1,145 Im
Production quantity2,854 Im2,827 Im2,800 Im2,771 Im2,755 Im
Yield24,084 Fc24,080 Fc24,096 Fc24,096 Fc24,061 Fc
OatsArea harvested109,563105,802112,85599,381103,449
Production quantity265,000260,000250,000225,000250,000
Yield24,187 Fc24,574 Fc22,152 Fc22,640 Fc24,166 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested2,334,340 A2,328,039 A2,296,234 A2,193,862 A2,197,818 A
Production quantity6,390,412 A6,537,962 A6,963,370 A6,050,629 A5,978,498 A
Yield27,376 Fc28,084 Fc30,325 Fc27,580 Fc27,202 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,455,163 A1,463,611 A1,450,172 A1,348,320 A1,360,883 A
Production quantity2,020,763 A2,037,976 A1,968,383 A1,783,306 A1,772,764 A
Yield13,887 Fc13,924 Fc13,573 Fc13,226 Fc13,027 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested2,334,340 A2,328,039 A2,296,234 A2,193,862 A2,197,818 A
Production quantity1,591,666 A1,545,088 A1,644,233 A1,440,616 A1,434,865 A
Yield6,818 Fc6,637 Fc7,161 Fc6,567 Fc6,529 Fc
OkraArea harvested6,143 Im5,719 Im5,634 Im5,809 Im6,018 Im
Production quantity31,42829,11128,53629,52930,574
Yield51,161 Fc50,902 Fc50,650 Fc50,833 Fc50,804 Fc
OlivesArea harvested879,177864,428846,062845,542836,935
Production quantity1,525,0001,500,4672,100,0001,730,0001,700,000
Yield17,346 Fc17,358 Fc24,821 Fc20,460 Fc20,312 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested68,713 Im60,896 Im69,363 Im67,140 Im60,483 Im
Production quantity2,200,0001,930,6952,175,9112,120,5811,879,189
Yield320,172 Fc317,048 Fc313,699 Fc315,845 Fc310,697 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested8,873 Im8,952 Im8,751 Im8,453 Im8,979 Im
Production quantity142,257142,854138,993134,479141,691
Yield160,326 Fc159,578 Fc158,831 Fc159,090 Fc157,803 Fc
OrangesArea harvested75,11250,80651,34052,69654,298
Production quantity1,700,0001,900,0001,950,0001,850,0001,816,798
Yield226,329 Fc373,972 Fc379,821 Fc351,070 Fc334,598 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested46,29446,36146,29945,23744,504
Production quantity830,577789,457771,459674,136642,727
Yield179,414 Fc170,285 Fc166,625 Fc149,023 Fc144,420 Fc
PearsArea harvested26,29926,38926,00025,40824,967
Production quantity530,723519,451503,004472,250463,623
Yield201,803 Fc196,844 Fc193,463 Fc185,867 Fc185,694 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested7819079421,0881,112
Production quantity2,1932,6032,6732,9193,125
Yield28,079 Fc28,699 Fc28,376 Fc26,829 Fc28,103 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested10,213 Im11,177 Im11,167 Im11,433 Im11,542 Im
Production quantity98,200107,344107,124112,643112,638
Yield96,152 Fc96,040 Fc95,929 Fc98,524 Fc97,590 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested366,210354,50068,23760,81457,996
Production quantity85,000240,00078,000170,000144,000
Yield2,321 Fc6,770 Fc11,431 Fc27,954 Fc24,829 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested21,05820,67221,38520,81120,452
Production quantity317,946296,878291,934297,589279,761
Yield150,986 Fc143,614 Fc136,513 Fc142,996 Fc136,789 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvested54,87745,12323,73129,92261,592
Production quantity27,28826,99115,24418,20530,730
Yield4,973 Fc5,982 Fc6,424 Fc6,084 Fc4,989 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested140,766135,904142,851144,706153,802
Production quantity4,979,8244,550,0004,800,0004,750,0004,760,000
Yield353,766 Fc334,795 Fc336,014 Fc328,252 Fc309,489 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested3,2152,9343,8183,6853,190
Production quantity3,8253,0484,0373,8493,302
Yield11,897 Fc10,389 Fc10,574 Fc10,445 Fc10,351 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested942,974 A917,213 A827,288 A746,543 A740,811 A
Production quantity1,278,762 A1,268,042 A1,197,951 A1,134,575 A1,142,890 A
Yield13,561 Fc13,825 Fc14,480 Fc15,198 Fc15,428 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested126,200 Im127,124 Im114,854 Im90,155 Im74,865 Im
Production quantity590,414616,777580,624489,999408,286
Yield46,784 Fc48,518 Fc50,553 Fc54,351 Fc54,536 Fc
QuincesArea harvested7,1037,2646,5686,4585,915
Production quantity180,542176,479174,038126,400112,900
Yield254,177 Fc242,950 Fc264,979 Fc195,726 Fc190,871 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested52,51037,84616,49535,43034,869
Production quantity180,000125,00060,000125,000120,000
Yield34,279 Fc33,029 Fc36,375 Fc35,281 Fc34,415 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested126,419120,137109,505116,056115,856
Production quantity1,000,000940,000900,000920,000920,000
Yield79,102 Fc78,244 Fc82,188 Fc79,272 Fc79,409 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity667,000 Fc626,980 Fc600,300 Fc613,640 Fc613,640 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested140,818 A135,957 A142,903 A144,749 A153,855 A
Production quantity4,980,727 A4,551,029 A4,801,031 A4,750,636 A4,760,786 A
Yield353,700 Fc334,740 Fc335,964 Fc328,198 Fc309,433 Fc
RyeArea harvested112,027110,902101,011114,016111,969
Production quantity310,000320,000320,000300,000330,000
Yield27,672 Fc28,854 Fc31,680 Fc26,312 Fc29,472 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested15,86024,69327,37639,35242,793
Production quantity21,88335,00050,00058,00070,000
Yield13,798 Fc14,174 Fc18,264 Fc14,739 Fc16,358 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested477,807518,634501,478416,002434,000
Production quantity2,200,0002,570,0002,450,0002,100,0002,050,000
Yield46,044 Fc49,553 Fc48,856 Fc50,481 Fc47,235 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested24,85525,98128,03128,87228,088
Production quantity16,89317,43718,41019,52118,530
Yield6,797 Fc6,711 Fc6,568 Fc6,761 Fc6,597 Fc
SorghumArea harvested11111
Production quantity43334
Yield40,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc40,000 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested35,29532,84831,67038,17836,592
Production quantity150,000140,000140,000165,000161,000
Yield42,499 Fc42,621 Fc44,206 Fc43,219 Fc43,999 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested46,749 Im45,938 Im40,446 Im53,55549,268
Production quantity260,575245,601199,018247,665219,626
Yield55,739 Fc53,464 Fc49,206 Fc46,245 Fc44,578 Fc
SpinachArea harvested18,402 Im18,134 Im17,994 Im17,091 Im17,097 Im
Production quantity229,793225,174222,177210,999208,403
Yield124,874 Fc124,172 Fc123,473 Fc123,456 Fc121,894 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested16,09016,10215,39215,43114,189
Production quantity486,705440,968400,167415,150375,800
Yield302,489 Fc273,859 Fc259,984 Fc269,036 Fc264,853 Fc
String beansArea harvested9,705 Im9,619 Im10,217 Im9,888 Im9,075 Im
Production quantity89,86088,02492,40288,36279,704
Yield92,591 Fc91,511 Fc90,439 Fc89,363 Fc87,828 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested310,100290,698338,883321,953275,262
Production quantity18,085,52817,436,10021,149,02019,592,73116,462,000
Yield583,216 Fc599,801 Fc624,080 Fc608,559 Fc598,048 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested310,100 A290,698 A338,883 A321,953 A275,262 A
Production quantity18,085,528 A17,436,100 A21,149,020 A19,592,731 A16,462,000 A
Yield583,216 Fc599,801 Fc624,080 Fc608,559 Fc598,048 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested751,693734,190779,439718,317685,174
Production quantity2,100,0001,949,2291,964,3851,670,7161,680,700
Yield27,937 Fc26,549 Fc25,203 Fc23,259 Fc24,530 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested53,55451,59050,69946,56943,506
Production quantity1,400,0001,650,0001,550,4691,337,0371,156,365
Yield261,418 Fc319,829 Fc305,818 Fc287,109 Fc265,794 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested52 Im53524353
Production quantity903 Im1,0291,031636786
Yield173,654 Fc194,151 Fc198,269 Fc147,907 Fc148,302 Fc
TeaArea harvested84,88078,13382,10876,36176,207
Production quantity261,000270,000234,000243,000239,028
Yield30,749 Fc34,556 Fc28,499 Fc31,823 Fc31,366 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested81,03593,50399,52992,505105,868
Production quantity70,00075,27693,66674,23875,000
Yield8,638 Fc8,051 Fc9,411 Fc8,025 Fc7,084 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested181,488 Im175,137 Im187,406 Im189,371 Im193,572 Im
Production quantity12,841,99012,150,00012,750,00012,600,00012,615,000
Yield707,594 Fc693,743 Fc680,341 Fc665,361 Fc651,695 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested1,286,159 A1,277,101 A942,861 A926,584 A634,911 A
Production quantity1,311,555 A1,136,407 A1,118,704 A937,521 A1,126,505 A
Yield10,197 Fc8,898 Fc11,865 Fc10,118 Fc17,743 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested64,09350,28045,60137,62137,185
Production quantity215,090170,000150,000125,000125,000
Yield33,559 Fc33,811 Fc32,894 Fc33,226 Fc33,616 Fc
VanillaProduction quantity352 Im339 Im326 Im314 Im300 Im
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested747,417 A727,822 A742,198 A718,405 A688,476 A
Production quantity25,338,974 A24,130,023 A24,923,427 A24,421,408 A23,696,207 A
Yield339,021 Fc331,537 Fc335,806 Fc339,939 Fc344,183 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested24,792 Im22,356 Im21,858 Im16,807 Im17,363 Im
Production quantity466,926424,447419,455327,416324,412
Yield188,337 Fc189,858 Fc191,900 Fc194,809 Fc186,841 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested5,736 Im5,553 Im5,341 Im4,981 Im5,028 Im
Production quantity40,06838,92137,51135,08135,359
Yield69,854 Fc70,090 Fc70,232 Fc70,430 Fc70,324 Fc
VetchesArea harvested46,221 Im50,338 Im42,410 *49,921 *56,558
Production quantity51,767 Im46,193 Im37,495 *58,318 *67,385
Yield11,200 Fc9,177 Fc8,841 Fc11,682 Fc11,914 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested124,553111,77592,01386,85371,820
Production quantity225,000215,000210,000195,000190,000
Yield18,065 Fc19,235 Fc22,823 Fc22,452 Fc26,455 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested87,990 Im92,959 Im93,721 Im92,573 Im93,886 Im
Production quantity3,870,5154,031,1744,011,3133,928,8923,918,558
Yield439,881 Fc433,651 Fc428,006 Fc424,410 Fc417,374 Fc
WheatArea harvested6,831,8547,288,6227,662,2737,609,8687,846,481
Production quantity19,000,00020,000,00021,500,00020,600,00022,600,000
Yield27,811 Fc27,440 Fc28,060 Fc27,070 Fc28,803 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea37,802 Q37,963 Q38,328 Q38,551 Q38,554 Q
AgricultureArea37,802 Q37,963 Fc38,328 Fc38,551 Fc38,554 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area627 Q543 Q524 Q515 Q842 Q
Arable landArea19,723 Q19,998 Q20,382 Q20,650 Q20,699 Q
Country areaArea78,535 Q78,535 Q78,535 Q78,535 Q78,535 Q
CroplandArea23,185 Q23,346 Q23,711 Q23,934 Q23,937 Q
Forest landArea21,908 Q21,752 Q21,630 Q21,630 Q21,521 Fm
Inland watersArea1,572 Q1,572 Q1,572 Q1,572 Q1,572 Q
Land areaArea76,963 Q76,963 Q76,963 Q76,963 Q76,963 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q5,215 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea14,617 Q14,617 Q14,617 Q14,617 Q14,617 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea3,462 Q3,348 Q3,329 Q3,284 Q3,238 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea16,210 Q16,301 Q16,384 Q16,536 Q16,591 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea3,513 Q3,697 Q3,998 Q4,114 Q4,108 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea21,201 Q21,050 Q20,929 Q20,932 Q20,838 Fm
Other landArea17,253 Fc17,248 Fc17,005 Fc16,782 Fc16,888 Fc
Planted ForestArea708 Q703 Q701 Q698 Q683 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea360 I661 Q
Primary ForestArea913 Fm913 Fm913 Q907 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.