Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Turkey

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Datasheet

Turkey

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); Altundağ et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedÖzdemİr et al. (2009); Eroglu et al. (2010); Canik et al. (2011); Alp et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentYalçınkaya and Keskİn (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Serçe et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentGazel et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); Demir (1996); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveOzturk and Aksoy (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMomol and Zeller (1992); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentYener et al. (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveOzturk et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Aysan et al. (2003); Aysan et al. (2009); Ustun (2012); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987); Bozkurt et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); Bastas and Karakaya (2012); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); IPPC (2007); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella arizonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Guldr et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaHerdmania momusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeKara and Sahin (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveRahe (1987)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentUraz (1950); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Kurbetlİ (2013); Tok and Avcı (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentBaysal-Gurel and Cinar (2015)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentKarakaya et al. (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, WidespreadOnan and Onoğur (1989); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentÖzçelik and Özçelik (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentAkıllı et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentEken (2003); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentAkata and Heluta (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (TR4)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentErper et al. (2012); Amano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedRaddi et al. (1987); Sümer (1987); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDoğmuș-Lehtıjärvı et al. (2007); Kaya et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentHuseyin (2005); Göbelez (1963)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadOzkan and Prescott (1972); Kinaci (1983)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Göre (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma luctuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedÇinar et al. (2009); Surugiu (2005);
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides heterocerusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides homocerosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides minaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides operculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLeonnates persicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPrionospio sacciferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudonereis anomalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirobranchus kraussiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaStreblospio gynobranchiataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentȘekeroğlu and Özgür (1984); Akyazİ (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentNativeEichhorn (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNeu (1935); Gonlugur-Demirci (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Present, Transient under eradicationIPPC (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); Ayberk et al. (2014); IPPC (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Akyürek et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Akyürek et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Uygun et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentGüusay et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Karut et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentKarut et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKutrup (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeVelthuis (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentGöven et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedKaçar and Ulusoy (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentSoyhan et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentMergen and Çaghacek˜atay (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCebecı and Acer (2007); Cebecİ et al. (2011); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveGuher (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentIntroducedKocatas (1981); Yokes and Galil (2006); Yokes et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentBayram and Tonğa (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Kornoșor (1987); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBodenheimer (1941); UK, CAB International (1969); Uygun et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentEastop (1972); Watson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Kızıltepe et al. (2009); Bașar and Yașar (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentBaldizzone and Savenkov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentMutun (2009); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); Miller et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHızal (2012); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDKOA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDociostaurus tartarusPresentMol and Zeybekoğlu (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentNativeKenis et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentEfıl et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentCoșkuncu and Kovancı (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpilachna argusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)PresentCABI (Undated); Yildiz et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTunç and Göçmen (1994); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGastrodes grossipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Karaca et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1961); Zümreoğlu (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentArgyriou (1990); Danzig and Pellizari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterosaccus dollfusiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Present, WidespreadAcatay (1971); Tozlu (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeSerez (1987); CABI and EPPO (2010); Sarıkaya and Avcı (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Sullİvan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Gürkan and Boșgelmez (1984); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAytar (2003); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentArslangündoğdu and Hızal (2010); Hızal (2012); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeInvasiveCERIS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedNativeBacescu (1954); Wittmann (1995); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresent, WidespreadUygun et al. (1995); Tamer et al. (1998); Hincal et al. (2000); Martinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedDeeming (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentGunyadin (1972); Iren (1972); Kisakurek (1972); Otaci (1972); Kacar (1982); Ataç et al. (1987); Ataç et al. (1992); Erkilic and Yigit (1992); Zeki (1996); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentKișmir (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicippa thaliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeYaman et al. (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Mercikoglu (2001); Bright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMUTUURA and MUNROE (1970); UK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeHolthuis and Gottlies (1958); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBenyamini et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadAcatay (1959); Yüksel (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ulgenturk and Toros (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus hathorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveYokes and Galil (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentKaydan et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Gözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); Atalay and Hıncal (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNHM (1970); Canakcioglu (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveSchimitschek (1941); Schimitschek (1944); Schedl (1959); Chararas (1978); Sekendiz (1987); Sarikaya and Avci (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentSoylu and Urel (1977); Uygun et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentTezcan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentBulut and Gocmen (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentNativeMordukhaj-Boltovskoj (1964); Ozbek (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentIntroducedInvasiveYokes et al. (2007); Gruvel (1928); Holthuis (1961); Kocatas and Katagan (2003); Ozcan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentNIZAMLIOGLU (1957); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedUygun et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedWarchalowski (1976); Aslan et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2007); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentYücel (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentEken et al. (2006); Yıldız (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentNHM (1970); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM (1948)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCFIA (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita poissoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentYüksel et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentYasarakinci and Hincal (1996); Erdogan et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveRoques et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGözel and Gözel (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedErler et al. (2010); Kılıç (2010); Unlu (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Șahİn et al. (2014); Bayram et al. (2015); Polat et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentWarrit et al. (2004); Crane (1979); Cakmak et al. (2002); Çakmak et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher (1998); Yildirim and Kojima (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Gözel and Gözel (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervataPresentBarjadze et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBalachowsky (1963); Schedl (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelleria oleastrellaPresentKaçar and Ulusoy (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997); Coad (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmberboa moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCoad (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelon haematocheilusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeBilecenoglu et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabiciPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedAlikhuni (1966); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDussumieria elopsoides (slender rainbow sardine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus farPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeniochus intermedius (Red Sea bannerfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys punctatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHippocampus fuscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFAO (1997); Cildir (2001); Olenin et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeHoffman and Smith (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedCoad (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedInnal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Hall (2016); Cranswick and Hall (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParupeneus forsskali (Red Sea goatfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresent, WidespreadNativeAkın et al. (2010); Plötner et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPempheris vanicolensis (Vanikoro sweeper)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Absent, Formerly presentBilecenoglu et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhallusia nigra (black sea squirt)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedNativeBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008); ZipCodeZoo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedTok et al. (2015); Ugurtas and Yildirimhan (2000); Hur et al. (2008); Mollov (2009); Ilgaz et al. (2013); Tok and Cicek (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWildekamp et al. (1997); Yilmaz et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBoyla et al. (1998); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPteragogus pelycusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Absent, Formerly presentFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedInnal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Innal and Erk'Akan (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSargocentron rubrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Bogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSphyraena flavicaudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBogutskaya (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedFujisaki et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma brakenhielmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTarkan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTorquigener flavimaculosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadNativeKirwan (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus poriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKideys and Gücü (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraBeroe cucumisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentShiganova (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAmphioctopus aeginaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara demiriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara natalensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAntigona lamellarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAplysia dactylomelaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedUysal et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedKinzelbach (1985); Aartsen and Kinzelbach (1990); Tringali and Villa (1990); Niederhofer et al. (1991); Buzzurro and Greppi (1996); Çinar (2006); Galil (2006); Doğan et al. (2007); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis pulvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis tenthrenoisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacificaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida micronanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida pirintellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeLocard (1883); Schuett (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedReichling (1950); Uygun and Șekeroğlu (1987); Yıldırım et al. (2004); CFIA (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCycloscala hyalinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDendrostrea fronsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentYıldırım and Kebapçı (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiscodoris lilacinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeInvasiveAksu et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErgalatax obscuraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFinella pupoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFlabellina rubrolineataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGafrarium pectinatum (ribbed venus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGibborissoa virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea cyanomarginataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHinemoa cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHypselodoris infucataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais laceraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIolaea neofelixoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalusPresentKorol and Korniushin (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLaternula anatinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeRähle (1992); Schütt (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMetaxia bacillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonotygma lautaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992); Canyurt (2005); ISSG (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaNitidotellina valtonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMutlu (2013); Kinzelbach (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlocamopherus ocellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKalyoncu et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPsammotreta praeruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPseudominolia nedymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFischer-Piette (1960)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRhinoclavis kochiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina ambiguaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina bertholletiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSaccostrea cucullataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSepioteuthis lessoniana (bigfin reef squid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSeptifer cumingiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSiphonaria belcheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSmaragdia souverbianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyphonota geographica (geographic sea hare)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyrnola cinctellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentCulha (2010); Sen et al. (2010); Borges et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2020); Cowie (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra savignyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra selasphoraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGenç et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentUztuzun (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002); Tulek et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentKepenekcİ (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedEnneli and Ozturk (1989); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003); Mennan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentAydınlı et al. (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentBora (1970); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadElekcioglu et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentKepenekcİ (2014); Kepenekcİ et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentTEKINEL et al. (1971); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedInvasiveTolay et al. (2001); Tolay et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa scalpelliformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGuiry and Guiry (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium parvulumPresentIntroducedAydogan and Taskin (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria collinsianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCirik et al. (1990); Taskin et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentNativeGómez Garreta et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveÜremİș and Uygur (1999); Üremİș and Uygur (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedAkanil and Middleton (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedKaraca et al. (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australisPresentBrundu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedÇobanoğlu (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea grandifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum hymenoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeDavis (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subhirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeYaltirik (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008); Hepworth and Tezel (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeMed-Checklist (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); Greuter et al. (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedByfield and Baytop (1998); EPPO (2000); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentBischof (1978); Holm et al. (1991); Tepe et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand (2011);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentCimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnebia decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); USDA-ARS (2007); Clayton et al. (2014); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus falcatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Uzun (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota acetabulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota pseudodictamnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia trifoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoreava orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadNativeDavis (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper and Moerkerk (2000); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Kostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentNativeDavis (1988); Kandemİr and Türkmen (2008); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentNativeWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)Absent, Formerly presentWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRosenthal et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadBates et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum temulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Kaya and Zengin (2000); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadNativeRechinger (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorchorus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis dioscoridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeKupicha (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphiticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1980); Tepe et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2020); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Davis (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrocephala integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Pohl et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentUremİs et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, PlantedNativeGokturk et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDavis (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia falcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lagascaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentKorkut and Kasa (1979); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago vulgarisPresentCimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeGodwin (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus ikariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedNativeGibbs and Dingwall (1971); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium psilostemonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedTurkozan and Durmus (2000); Ates et al. (2008); Meric et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)PresentNativeFröberg (2010); Ahmad (2013); GBIF (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentNativeGuner (1983); Davis et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, Few occurrencesNativeCatling et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ramifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum hircinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus incurvusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium monadelphumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Karasu et al. (1979); Arslan et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago fischerianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Cimalová (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentBrundu et al. (2011); Scholz and Byfıeld (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari azureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentBates et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus assoanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885); Sönmez et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)Present, LocalizedNativeKaya et al. (2009); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeDanin (1975); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOriganum onitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Aksoy et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, WidespreadParker and Wilson (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveByfield and Baytop (1998); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pilosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMuseum National d'Histoire Naturelle (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); Townsend et al. (1968); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum thunbergiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedBoydak (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentIntroducedGüner (1984); Brundu et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedGönen et al. (2000); Bükün (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeGottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeGottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedTİlkİ and Ugurlu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedUgenc (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedUgenc (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Çobanoglu (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Bașaran et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Tepe et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Demİrcİ and Gene (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentSkuhravá et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (Scarlet firethorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAnsin and Terzioglu (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentHanelt et al. (2001); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeAlpinar et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeDavis (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentWagenitz (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentWang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedTerzİoğlu and Anșİn (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTerzİoğlu et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedBaser and Malyer (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAbak and Düzenli (1989); Demİrcİ et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis japonica (Japanese hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentPohl et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium argutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium isthmocarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mutabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella kotschyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum carthlicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentDavis (1985); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia assyriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedYayintas Özlem Tonguç (2009)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, LocalizedBalech (1995)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al. (1990)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentYılmaz and Özaslan (1989); Fidan and Yorgancı (1990); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentGümüș et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadYardımcı and Özgönen (2007)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2004); Wisler et al. (1998); Rubio et al. (1999); EPPO (2020)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Martelli et al. (1984); EPPO (2020)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al. (1993)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentYilmaz et al. (1997); Koklu et al. (1998)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Bremer (1974); Bremer and Raatikainen (1975)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentKöklü and Yİlmaz (2006)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI (Undated); Sevik (2011)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); Akbaș et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); Bostan et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2010); Köklü and Yılmaz (2004)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSheeppox virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentMorris (1997); EPPO (2020)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentNativeBremer (1971); UK, CAB International (1982); Stenger et al. (2002)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Akabane virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anguillicolosisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGenç et al. (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); CABI (Undated)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentHaziroglu et al. (1994)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadGirgan (1982)
avian bordetellosisPresentTürkyılmaz et al. (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentErgün and Erturun (1993)
avian trichomoniasisPresentAydın et al. (2000)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentGüler et al. (1996); Kaya and Kırkan (1999)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Taylor et al. (1985); Burgu et al. (1992); OIE (1999)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedAydogdu et al. (2003)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBurgu and Akca (1982); Burgu and Toker (1985); Yonguç et al. (1988); CABI (Undated)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentAlkan (1998)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentTonbak et al. (2013)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentYılmaz and Yeșİlbağ (2008)
bovine papillomatosisPresentPamukcu (1963); CABI (Undated)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadÖztürk and Yavru (1988); Öztürk and Duman (1992); Özdarendeli et al. (1997)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentBurgu et al. (1990)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009); Kenar (1991)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2009); Kıran et al. (1997)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentGözün and Kİran (1999)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresent, LocalizedBekar et al. (1993)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveRahe (1987); OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadYucel et al. (2000); İnceboz et al. (2002); Aksoy et al. (2003); Atambay et al. (2003); Çelİksöz and Çelİk (2003); Dirim et al. (2003); Kutukculer et al. (2003); Pașa and Ulutaș (2003); Sari et al. (2003); Ulutaș and Voyvoda (2004)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentKaratas et al. (2004)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentGenç (1997)
European foul broodPresentYalçınkaya and Keskİn (2010)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2009); Kitching (1998)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
giardiasisPresentCABI (Undated)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentArda et al. (1989); Diker et al. (1994); Kaya et al. (1995); Haziroglu et al. (1997); Sağlam et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentCandan (2002)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentKaya et al. (1998)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumoniaPresentSen and Albay (2003); Icen et al. (2009)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadToz et al. (2013)
louping illPresentCABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentYener et al. (2001)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentOtlu et al. (1997)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentAk et al. (1993)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentBergonier and Poumarat (1996)
neosporosisPresentÇoškun et al. (2000)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009); OIE (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2009); Fernandez (1991); OIE (1992); OIE (1999)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadHeidimli and Uaar (1999); Vural et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentYeșildere et al. (1994)
surraAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Desquesnes et al. (2013); Aregawi et al. (2019)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadSeyrek-Intaș (1995)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentMimioglu (1977); Sayin (1991); OIE (1998)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentAltay et al. (2008)
torovirus infectionsPresentGülaçtı et al. (2014)
tularaemiaPresentErdem et al. (2014); Büyük et al. (2012)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentAydin and Gürbüz (1996)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentTürkarslan (1988)
varroosis of honey beesPresentWarrit et al. (2004); Crane (1979); Cakmak et al. (2002); Çakmak et al. (2003)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 20504 17148 17040 17150 17585
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 69838 55398 54844 52774 50753
Almonds, with shell Yield 34060.7 Fc 32305.8 Fc 32185.5 Fc 30772 Fc 28861.5 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 21154 18135 11918 11880 12291
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 14879 13992 9472 8594 8006
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 7033.66 Fc 7715.47 Fc 7947.64 Fc 7234.01 Fc 6513.71 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 142408 165078 133200 129700 127700
Apples Production Quantity 2680080 2600000 2782370 2504490 2457850
Apples Yield 188197 Fc 157501 Fc 208887 Fc 193099 Fc 192471 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 59696 59801 59000 58000 55200
Apricots Production Quantity 676138 476132 695364 750574 589732
Apricots Yield 113264 Fc 79619.4 Fc 117858 Fc 129409 Fc 106836 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2444 Im 2400 F 2900 F 3000 F 2800 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 33460 29070 34859 36320 33807
Artichokes Yield 136907 Fc 121125 Fc 120203 Fc 121067 Fc 120739 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 6 Im 7 F 5 F 3 F 3 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 13 * 25 * 18 10 29 *
Asparagus Yield 21666.7 Fc 35714.3 Fc 36000 Fc 33333.3 Fc 96666.7 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 153 * 146 146 F 120 F 120 F
Avocados Production Quantity 1316 1207 1169 958 931
Avocados Yield 86013.1 Fc 82671.2 Fc 80068.5 Fc 79833.3 Fc 77583.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 4507 4428 4334 4326 4410
Bananas Production Quantity 206501 210178 204517 201115 189107
Bananas Yield 458178 Fc 474657 Fc 471890 Fc 464898 Fc 428814 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2868830 3040000 3010000 2950000 3428020
Barley Production Quantity 7600000 7250000 7300000 5923000 7306800
Barley Seed 599960 Fc 599960 Fc 599960 Fc 595467 Fc 546438 Fc
Barley Yield 26491.6 Fc 23848.7 Fc 24252.5 Fc 20078 Fc 21314.9 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 94625 103255 97451 97848 109250
Beans, dry Production Quantity 200673 212758 181205 154630 154243
Beans, dry Seed 10325.5 Fc 10325.5 Fc 10325.5 Fc 9745.1 Fc 9784.8 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 21207.2 Fc 20605.1 Fc 18594.5 Fc 15803.1 Fc 14118.4 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 65652 Im 70000 F 72000 F 67000 F 63000 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 614948 587967 603653 563056 519968
Beans, green Yield 93667.8 Fc 83995.3 Fc 83840.7 Fc 84038.2 Fc 82534.6 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 8183 * 8255 * 7970 * 7660 * 6980 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 78702 77076 69962 67190 63768
Berries Nes Yield 96177.4 Fc 93368.9 Fc 87781.7 Fc 87715.4 Fc 91358.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 7442 8291 9383 10261 10846
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 19678 19898 21150 20668 21043
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 1658.2 Fc 1658.2 Fc 1658.2 Fc 1876.6 Fc 2052.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 26441.8 Fc 23999.5 Fc 22540.8 Fc 20142.3 Fc 19401.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 28954 Im 30000 F 30622 Im 32000 F 31000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 710056 693002 706855 674617 647678
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 245236 Fc 231001 Fc 230832 Fc 210818 Fc 208928 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 20 55 41 13 58
Canary seed Production Quantity 30 83 61 17 62
Canary seed Seed 0.04 Fc 0.8 Fc 2.2 Fc 1.64 Fc 0.52 Fc
Canary seed Yield 15000 Fc 15090.9 Fc 14878 Fc 13076.9 Fc 10689.7 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 2910 * 2570 * 2850 * 2850 * 2390 *
Carobs Production Quantity 13972 14172 14413 12097 12161
Carobs Yield 48013.8 Fc 55144 Fc 50571.9 Fc 42445.6 Fc 50882.8 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 24669 Im 28000 F 31471 Im 31000 F 32000 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 602078 533253 593628 591538 641953
Carrots and turnips Yield 244063 Fc 190448 Fc 188627 Fc 190819 Fc 200610 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 8110 Im 8000 F 7500 F 6893 Im 7000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 162134 158579 157051 150843 135145
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 199919 Fc 198224 Fc 209401 Fc 218835 Fc 193064 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 11899900 A 12095800 A 12061800 A 11982300 A 12396900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 34895400 A 32478500 A 33319900 A 29029100 A 29034200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 2175150 A 2175150 A 2174540 A 2164970 A 2106710 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 29324 Fc 26851 Fc 27624.3 Fc 24226.5 Fc 23420.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11899900 A 12095800 A 12061800 A 11982300 A 12396900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35195100 A 32764900 A 33569600 A 29279900 A 29250000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 2175150 A 2175150 A 2174540 A 2164970 A 2106710 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 29575.9 Fc 27087.8 Fc 27831.4 Fc 24435.9 Fc 23594.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 45246 42054 37900 35800 34400
Cherries Production Quantity 438550 417905 417694 338361 398141
Cherries Yield 96925.7 Fc 99373.4 Fc 110210 Fc 94514.3 Fc 115739 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 38460 38400 39040 38980 38960
Chestnuts Production Quantity 60270 59171 61697 55395 55100
Chestnuts Yield 15670.8 Fc 15409.1 Fc 15803.5 Fc 14211.1 Fc 14142.7 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 446413 446218 454928 486199 503674
Chick peas Production Quantity 487477 530634 562564 518026 505366
Chick peas Seed 53546.2 Fc 53546.2 Fc 53546.2 Fc 54591.4 Fc 58343.9 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10919.9 Fc 11891.8 Fc 12366 Fc 10654.6 Fc 10033.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 6999 Im 6000 F 6557 Im 5222 Im 5116 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 15951 Im 15000 F 20824 Im 12356 Im 12512 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 22790.4 Fc 25000 Fc 31758.4 Fc 23661.4 Fc 24456.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 93826 Im 99000 F 90000 F 79496 Im 87212 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1975270 1986700 1837000 1796180 1759220
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 210525 Fc 200677 Fc 204111 Fc 225946 Fc 201718 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 153 157 180 170 180
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2170 2346 2901 3090 2972
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 141830 Fc 149427 Fc 161167 Fc 181765 Fc 165111 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 100397 A 101251 A 100540 A 98250 A 95250 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3613770 A 3572380 A 3513770 A 3026940 A 2988670 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 359948 Fc 352824 Fc 349490 Fc 308086 Fc 313771 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3704520 A 3893440 A 3865360 A 3792860 A 4205360 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12495100 A 12230900 A 12219600 A 10744600 A 11368000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 697188 A 697189 A 697190 A 688867 A 637848 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 33729.2 Fc 31414 Fc 31613.2 Fc 28328.5 Fc 27032.2 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 954600 816705 638250 673000 867716
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1527360 1272800 1021200 1077440 1320830
Cottonseed Seed 32520 Fc 32520 Fc 28826.3 Fc 25192.4 Fc 29693.5 Fc
Cranberries Production Quantity 76 Im 74 Im 75 Im 68 Im 65 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 62746 Im 58957 Im 60000 F 57495 Im 59000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1749170 1739190 1735010 1678770 1674580
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 278770 Fc 294993 Fc 289168 Fc 291985 Fc 283827 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 7104 Im 7300 F 7040 * 6780 * 6700 *
Dates Production Quantity 28295 26277 25281 24302 23713
Dates Yield 39829.7 Fc 35995.9 Fc 35910.5 Fc 35843.7 Fc 35392.5 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 25355 Im 28000 F 31187 Im 31000 F 33000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 821770 846998 816134 813686 863737
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 324106 Fc 302499 Fc 261690 Fc 262479 Fc 261738 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 542020 A 480459 A 419880 A 494921 A 529908 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 954613 A 816718 A 638255 A 673022 A 867760 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 17612.1 Fc 16998.7 Fc 15200.9 Fc 13598.6 Fc 16375.7 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 58694 58131 58356 57944 61594
Figs Production Quantity 260508 254838 244351 205067 210152
Figs Yield 44384.1 Fc 43838.6 Fc 41872.5 Fc 35390.6 Fc 34118.9 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 3 F 3 1 1 6
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1059370 A 1088150 A 1055130 A 1042700 A 1034440 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14388200 A 13945600 A 14222900 A 12927000 A 12362400 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 135818 Fc 128158 Fc 134798 Fc 123977 Fc 119508 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1720 Im 1767 * 1830 * 1810 * 1800 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16416 16474 17191 16929 16632
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 95441.9 Fc 93231.5 Fc 93939.9 Fc 93530.4 Fc 92400 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 23270 * 21435 * 16972 * 13389 * 12035 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 217572 208502 170963 127760 106560
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 93498.9 Fc 97271.8 Fc 100732 Fc 95421.6 Fc 88541.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 9694 Im 9510 12000 F 11000 11100
Garlic Production Quantity 79203 76936 105363 104970 98195
Garlic Yield 81703.1 Fc 80900.1 Fc 87802.5 Fc 95427.3 Fc 88464 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3967 3820 3780 3750 3730
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 218988 213768 190973 167765 162621
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 552024 Fc 559602 Fc 505220 Fc 447373 Fc 435981 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 472545 477786 479024 482789 484610
Grapes Production Quantity 4296350 4255000 4264720 3918440 3612780
Grapes Yield 90919.4 Fc 89056.6 Fc 89029.4 Fc 81162.6 Fc 74550.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 25471 27440 25335 24830 25942
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 90416 97310 90081 85274 86409
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2744 Fc 2744 Fc 2744 Fc 2533.5 Fc 2483 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 35497.6 Fc 35462.8 Fc 35555.9 Fc 34343.1 Fc 33308.5 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 400000 F 432439 421108 412468 433920
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 430000 600000 500000 800791 530000
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 10750 Fc 13874.8 Fc 11873.4 Fc 19414.6 Fc 12214.2 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 20 F 20 * 7 30 56
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 10 F 10 4 21 38
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 5000 Fc 5000 Fc 5714.29 Fc 7000 Fc 6785.71 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 16 22 66 29 56
Hempseed Production Quantity 8 10 30 * 12 24
Hempseed Seed 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 5000 Fc 4545.45 Fc 4545.45 Fc 4137.93 Fc 4285.71 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 21410 Im 22000 F 20000 F 18000 F 15000 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 29231 26554 23689 19530 15242
Kiwi fruit Yield 13653 Fc 12070 Fc 11844.5 Fc 10850 Fc 10161.3 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 10278 Im 10200 F 7904 Im 10559 Im 11000 F
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 246144 244812 251120 252286 256397
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 239486 Fc 240012 Fc 317713 Fc 238930 Fc 233088 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5043 Im 6000 F 6300 F 6000 F 6300 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 41962 41929 44389 42885 46153
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 83208.4 Fc 69881.7 Fc 70458.7 Fc 71475 Fc 73258.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 20817 20920 21160 20930 20820
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 790211 787063 783587 672452 651767
Lemons and limes Yield 379599 Fc 376225 Fc 370315 Fc 321286 Fc 313049 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 214847 234378 210287 196068 389470
Lentils Production Quantity 405952 447400 302181 131188 535181
Lentils Seed 18750.2 Fc 18750.2 Fc 18750.2 Fc 17194.5 Fc 25493.9 Fc
Lentils Yield 18894.9 Fc 19088.8 Fc 14369.9 Fc 6690.94 Fc 13741.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 12307 Im 17900 F 21675 Im 23000 F 22000 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 424252 419298 438038 439641 428059
Lettuce and chicory Yield 344724 Fc 234245 Fc 202094 Fc 191148 Fc 194572 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 15 Im 10 20 67 81
Linseed Production Quantity 3 F 3 10 * 40 48
Linseed Seed 0.5 Fc 0.5 Fc 0.5 Fc 1 Fc 3.35 Fc
Linseed Yield 2000 Fc 3000 Fc 5000 Fc 5970.15 Fc 5925.93 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 589000 593552 591279 593710 516960
Maize Production Quantity 4200000 4310000 4250000 4274000 3535000
Maize Seed 48000 F 48000 F 48000 * 47000 * 48000 *
Maize Yield 71307.3 Fc 72613.7 Fc 71878.1 Fc 71988 Fc 68380.5 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Millet Area Harvested 2672 2933 3280 3634 3473
Millet Production Quantity 6253 6772 7171 6995 7094
Millet Seed 87.99 Fc 87.99 Fc 87.99 Fc 98.4 Fc 109.02 Fc
Millet Yield 23402 Fc 23089 Fc 21862.8 Fc 19248.8 Fc 20426.1 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 670 731 1043 2897 3145
Mixed grain Production Quantity 1005 1100 1673 4126 2826
Mixed grain Seed 140 F 140 F 140 * 200 * 600 *
Mixed grain Yield 15000 Fc 15047.9 Fc 16040.3 Fc 14242.3 Fc 8985.69 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 27058 21559 19501 26526 23426
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1071 Im 1023 Im 1000 F 940 Im 970 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2442 Im 2914 Im 2500 F 2188 Im 1841 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 22801.1 Fc 28484.8 Fc 25000 Fc 23276.6 Fc 18979.4 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 85863 88390 92778 91036 94477
Oats Production Quantity 218040 203870 218286 196099 189099
Oats Seed 17600 F 17600 F 17600 * 14800 * 14400 *
Oats Yield 25393.9 Fc 23064.8 Fc 23527.8 Fc 21540.8 Fc 20015.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1371180 A 1301160 A 1170920 A 1189110 A 1185750 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1619500 A 1485550 A 1191090 A 1146020 A 1165670 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 29047.2 A 29047.2 A 27202.8 A 23492.9 A 25424.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11811 Fc 11417.2 Fc 10172.3 Fc 9637.57 Fc 9830.68 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2169670 A 2085190 A 1949330 A 1963480 A 1880540 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1291340 A 1177170 A 989449 A 981049 A 854152 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 14700.1 A 14700.1 A 14142.4 A 12582.4 A 13095.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5951.77 Fc 5645.39 Fc 5075.84 Fc 4996.47 Fc 4542.06 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 6831 Im 6900 F 7300 F 7200 F 5960 Im
Okra Production Quantity 36662 36748 38432 37543 36992
Okra Yield 53670 Fc 53258 Fc 52646.6 Fc 52143.1 Fc 62067.1 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 798493 784031 778413 774370 694793
Olives Production Quantity 1750000 1415000 1290650 1464250 1075850
Olives Yield 21916.3 Fc 18047.8 Fc 16580.5 Fc 18908.9 Fc 15484.5 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 20366 Im 21700 F 20173 Im 20000 F 21000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 153823 165478 169271 168223 185140
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 75529.3 Fc 76257.1 Fc 83909.7 Fc 84111.5 Fc 88161.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 65418 Im 62688 65000 F 75000 F 64877
Onions, dry Production Quantity 2141370 1900000 1849580 2007120 1859440
Onions, dry Yield 327337 Fc 303088 Fc 284551 Fc 267616 Fc 286610 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 43160 44727 44650 43480 40730
Oranges Production Quantity 1730150 1710500 1689920 1427160 1426970
Oranges Yield 400869 Fc 382431 Fc 378482 Fc 328234 Fc 350349 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 83704 Im 95000 F 103000 F 105000 F 103000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1647990 1611700 1679190 1749940 1661130
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 196883 Fc 169653 Fc 163028 Fc 166661 Fc 161275 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 26894 28773 27900 28200 29400
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 545902 534903 547219 551906 539435
Peaches and nectarines Yield 202983 Fc 185904 Fc 196136 Fc 195711 Fc 183481 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 20902 20252 33060 32920 33400
Pears Production Quantity 386382 380003 384244 355476 356281
Pears Yield 184854 Fc 187637 Fc 116226 Fc 107982 Fc 106671 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1305 1154 1228 1365 1297
Peas, dry Production Quantity 3628 3200 3604 3920 3503
Peas, dry Seed 115.4 Fc 115.4 Fc 115.4 Fc 122.8 Fc 136.5 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 27800.8 Fc 27729.6 Fc 29348.5 Fc 28718 Fc 27008.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 15538 Im 13000 F 14000 F 13000 F 12000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 103787 90191 95046 88828 87743
Peas, green Yield 66795.6 Fc 69377.7 Fc 67890 Fc 68329.2 Fc 73119.2 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 43508 42310 43063 40954 40663
Pistachios Production Quantity 112000 128000 81795 120113 73416
Pistachios Yield 25742.4 Fc 30252.9 Fc 18994.3 Fc 29328.8 Fc 18054.7 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 19658 19540 19400 19400 19340
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 268696 240806 245782 248185 240874
Plums and sloes Yield 136685 Fc 123237 Fc 126692 Fc 127930 Fc 124547 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 54911 51897 48893 20043 24586
Poppy seed Production Quantity 45077 36910 34194 10834 8981
Poppy seed Yield 8209.1 Fc 7112.16 Fc 6993.64 Fc 5405.38 Fc 3652.89 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 142985 140665 142684 147812 152512
Potatoes Production Quantity 4613070 4548090 4397710 4196520 4246210
Potatoes Seed 281000 F 281000 * 286000 * 296000 * 305000 *
Potatoes Yield 322626 Fc 323328 Fc 308213 Fc 283909 Fc 278418 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 8324 8324 9713 20936 20481
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 9029 9316 10135 20829 21623
Pulses, nes Yield 10847 Fc 11191.7 Fc 10434.5 Fc 9948.89 Fc 10557.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 855272 A 897190 A 905533 A 919765 A 1146950 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1234280 A 1344880 A 1237240 A 960328 A 1385380 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 92996.8 A 92996.8 A 92996.8 A 94559.3 A 105449 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 14431.4 Fc 14989.9 Fc 13663.1 Fc 10441 Fc 12078.8 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 24980 Im 24000 F 23000 F 22000 F 20000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 410804 430402 411942 378706 337882
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 164453 Fc 179334 Fc 179105 Fc 172139 Fc 168941 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 10493 10233 9800 10000 10080
Quinces Production Quantity 127767 121085 96282 95395 95015
Quinces Yield 121764 Fc 118328 Fc 98246.9 Fc 95395 Fc 94260.9 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 26830 31232 32709 27878 10403
Rapeseed Production Quantity 91239 106450 113886 83965 28727
Rapeseed Seed 312.32 Fc 312.32 Fc 312.32 Fc 327.09 Fc 278.78 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 34006.3 Fc 34083.6 Fc 34817.9 Fc 30118.7 Fc 27614.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 99400 98966 96441 99493 93799
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 900000 860000 750000 753325 648000
Rice, paddy Seed 19351 F 19351 F 19351 19900 11268
Rice, paddy Yield 90543.3 Fc 86898.5 Fc 77767.8 Fc 75716.4 Fc 69083.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143568 A 141242 A 143266 A 147890 A 152554 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4613950 A 4548960 A 4398610 A 4196660 A 4246280 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 281000 A 281000 A 286000 A 296000 A 305000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 321378 Fc 322069 Fc 307024 Fc 283769 Fc 278346 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 127653 140905 138488 124137 131700
Rye Production Quantity 365750 365560 343330 246521 240540
Rye Seed 28000 F 28000 F 28000 * 28000 * 25000 *
Rye Yield 28651.9 Fc 25943.7 Fc 24791.3 Fc 19858.8 Fc 18264.2 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 13167 13498 21515 5385 1694
Safflower seed Production Quantity 18228 26000 20076 7068 2280
Safflower seed Seed 202.47 Fc 202.47 Fc 202.47 Fc 322.73 Fc 80.78 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 13843.7 Fc 19262.1 Fc 9331.16 Fc 13125.4 Fc 13459.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 542000 480439 419873 494891 529852
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2580000 2150000 1725000 1820000 2275000
Seed cotton Yield 47601.5 Fc 44750.7 Fc 41083.8 Fc 36775.8 Fc 42936.5 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 26646 31804 28017 28589 29780
Sesame seed Production Quantity 18000 23460 21036 20338 20010
Sesame seed Seed 399.69 Fc 399.69 Fc 477.06 Fc 420.26 Fc 428.84 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6755.24 Fc 7376.43 Fc 7508.3 Fc 7113.92 Fc 6719.27 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 26 31 76 37 36
Sorghum Production Quantity 180 220 390 114 116
Sorghum Yield 69230.8 Fc 70967.7 Fc 51315.8 Fc 30810.8 Fc 32222.2 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 17895 22335 20110 19800 19500
Sour cherries Production Quantity 182234 194989 192705 185435 180917
Sour cherries Yield 101835 Fc 87302 Fc 95825.5 Fc 93654 Fc 92777.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 26421 23472 10512 9444 8675
Soybeans Production Quantity 102260 86540 38442 34461 30666
Soybeans Seed 2347.2 Fc 2347.2 Fc 2347.2 Fc 1051.2 Fc 944.4 Fc
Soybeans Yield 38704.1 Fc 36869.5 Fc 36569.6 Fc 36489.8 Fc 35349.9 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 42926 Im 36800 37340 35184 32315
Spices, nes Production Quantity 113783 Im 107000 * 99881 * 78961 81722
Spices, nes Yield 26506.8 Fc 29076.1 Fc 26749.1 Fc 22442.3 Fc 25289.2 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 23962 Im 23000 F 24000 F 24319 Im 24000 F
Spinach Production Quantity 221632 218291 225343 225746 235731
Spinach Yield 92493.1 Fc 94909.1 Fc 93892.9 Fc 92827 Fc 98221.3 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 3320 * 3340 * 3550 * 3680 * 3650 *
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 17332 17117 19169 15696 14046
Stone fruit, nes Yield 52204.8 Fc 51248.5 Fc 53997.2 Fc 42652.2 Fc 38482.2 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 11967 11679 12150 11279 10880
Strawberries Production Quantity 302416 299940 291996 261078 250316
Strawberries Yield 252708 Fc 256820 Fc 240326 Fc 231473 Fc 230070 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7696 Im 8200 F 9500 F 8100 F 8000 F
String beans Production Quantity 78871 70614 69051 59392 58710
String beans Yield 102483 Fc 86114.6 Fc 72685.3 Fc 73323.5 Fc 73387.5 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 297265 328651 323970 320731 298869
Sugar beet Production Quantity 16126500 17942100 17274700 15488300 12414700
Sugar beet Yield 542496 Fc 545932 Fc 533219 Fc 482906 Fc 415389 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 655700 641343 583979 577958 554678
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1335000 1320000 1057130 992000 854407
Sunflower seed Seed 19240.3 Fc 19240.3 Fc 19240.3 Fc 17519.4 Fc 17338.7 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 20359.9 Fc 20581.8 Fc 18102.2 Fc 17163.9 Fc 15403.7 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 32300 31627 30770 29920 29790
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 872251 858699 846390 756473 744339
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 270047 Fc 271508 Fc 275070 Fc 252832 Fc 249862 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 583 577 582 78 42
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 883 873 898 140 66
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 15145.8 Fc 15130 Fc 15429.5 Fc 17948.7 Fc 15714.3 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 75890 75851 75851 75826 76580
Tea Production Quantity 221600 235000 198601 198046 206160
Tea Yield 29200.2 Fc 30981.8 Fc 26183 Fc 26118.5 Fc 26920.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 80000 F 80977 139431 146874 144904
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 45000 55000 85000 93403 74584
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 5625 Fc 6792.05 Fc 6096.21 Fc 6359.4 Fc 5147.13 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 269584 Im 304000 F 330507 Im 300000 F 226667 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 11003400 10052000 10745600 10985400 9945040
Tomatoes Yield 408162 Fc 330658 Fc 325125 Fc 366180 Fc 438751 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 598502 A 622003 A 607784 A 595409 A 614215 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 857790 A 1023630 A 878134 A 1202160 A 883682 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 14332.3 Fc 16456.9 Fc 14448.1 Fc 20190.5 Fc 14387.2 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 29783 26844 28373 27391 27494
Triticale Production Quantity 103797 93270 98716 93723 86476
Triticale Seed 3400 F 3400 F 3400 F 3300 F 3300 F
Triticale Yield 34851.1 Fc 34745.2 Fc 34792.2 Fc 34216.7 Fc 31452.7 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity 287 Im 270 Im 244 Im 195 Im 200 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 12410 Im 13223 Im 13444 Im 13584 Im 13451 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 256275 263158 265259 261462 248910
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 206507 Fc 199015 Fc 197307 Fc 192478 Fc 185049 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1025590 A 1089690 A 1132000 A 1086650 A 1000140 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 27406600 A 25901000 A 26701500 A 27136000 A 25581700 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 267228 Fc 237693 Fc 235879 Fc 249722 Fc 255781 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1025590 A 1089690 A 1132000 A 1086650 A 1000140 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 27406600 A 25901000 A 26701500 A 27136000 A 25581700 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 267228 Fc 237693 Fc 235879 Fc 249722 Fc 255781 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 82316 95570 122543 107088 111933
Vetches Production Quantity 107844 121676 156401 111067 144418
Vetches Seed 8601.3 Fc 8601.3 Fc 8601.3 Fc 11028.9 Fc 9637.92 Fc
Vetches Yield 13101.2 Fc 12731.6 Fc 12763 Fc 10371.6 Fc 12902.2 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 94959 Im 90683 86533 84917 82117
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 183240 178142 177298 170897 172572
Walnuts, with shell Yield 19296.8 Fc 19644.5 Fc 20489.1 Fc 20125.2 Fc 21015.4 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 146018 Im 150000 F 148512 Im 140000 F 135774 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 3864490 3683100 3810210 4002290 3796680
Watermelons Yield 264658 Fc 245540 Fc 256559 Fc 285878 Fc 279632 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8096000 8103400 8100000 8090000 8097700
Wheat Production Quantity 21800000 19674000 20600000 17782000 17234000
Wheat Seed 1458610 F 1458610 1458000 1456200 1457590
Wheat Yield 26926.9 Fc 24278.7 Fc 25432.1 Fc 21980.2 Fc 21282.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 16180 17000 17250 17375 17500 *
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 43285 45000 37000 41000 41000
Almonds, with shell Yield 26752.2 Fc 26470.6 Fc 21449.3 Fc 23597.1 Fc 23428.6 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 12650 16500 17530 21500 22000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 8479 9500 11000 12300 13000
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6702.77 Fc 5757.58 Fc 6274.96 Fc 5720.93 Fc 5909.09 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 121480 121000 118333 116667 110000
Apples Production Quantity 2002030 2570000 2100000 2600000 2200000
Apples Yield 164803 Fc 212397 Fc 177465 Fc 222857 Fc 200000 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 53400 60000 57500 56750 55650
Apricots Production Quantity 483459 894000 350000 499000 352000
Apricots Yield 90535.4 Fc 149000 Fc 60869.6 Fc 87929.5 Fc 63252.5 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2900 F 2600 F 2378 Im 2500 F 2400 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 35007 36000 30000 28000 27000
Artichokes Yield 120714 Fc 138462 Fc 126156 Fc 112000 Fc 112500 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 4 F 4 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 10 12 12 17 17
Asparagus Yield 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 40000 Fc 42500 Fc 42500 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 100 F 120 F 100 F 90 F 100 F
Avocados Production Quantity 492 475 400 370 400
Avocados Yield 49200 Fc 39583.3 Fc 40000 Fc 41111.1 Fc 40000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 3916 3600 3000 2520 2385
Bananas Production Quantity 178205 150000 130000 110000 95000
Bananas Yield 455069 Fc 416667 Fc 433333 Fc 436508 Fc 398323 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 3649800 3650000 3600000 3400000 3600000
Barley Production Quantity 9551000 9500000 9000000 8100000 8300000
Barley Seed 662984 Fc 729960 Fc 730000 Fc 720000 Fc 680000 Fc
Barley Yield 26168.6 Fc 26027.4 Fc 25000 Fc 23823.5 Fc 23055.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 129051 141200 155000 162000 180000
Beans, dry Production Quantity 195970 210000 250000 250000 250000
Beans, dry Seed 10925 Fc 12905.1 Fc 14120 Fc 15500 Fc 16200 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 15185.5 Fc 14872.5 Fc 16129 Fc 15432.1 Fc 13888.9 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 68000 F 67000 F 70000 F 66000 F 62000 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 563763 555000 582000 545000 515000
Beans, green Yield 82906.3 Fc 82835.8 Fc 83142.9 Fc 82575.8 Fc 83064.5 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 6760 * 7060 * 7093 * 7259 * 7093 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 51558 55000 50000 55000 55000
Berries Nes Yield 76269.2 Fc 77903.7 Fc 70492 Fc 75768 Fc 77541.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 10538 12400 15100 17000 18000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 21316 28000 30000 33000 32000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 2169.2 Fc 2107.6 Fc 2480 Fc 3020 Fc 3400 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 20227.8 Fc 22580.7 Fc 19867.5 Fc 19411.8 Fc 17777.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 32000 F 31000 F 24100 Im 25336 Im 27808 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 686199 675000 700000 721000 720000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 214437 Fc 217742 Fc 290456 Fc 284575 Fc 258918 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 35 75 335 500 300
Canary seed Production Quantity 61 100 560 600 450
Canary seed Seed 2.32 Fc 1.4 Fc 3 Fc 13.4 Fc 20 Fc
Canary seed Yield 17428.6 Fc 13333.3 Fc 16716.4 Fc 12000 Fc 15000 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 2830 * 2820 * 3160 * 3150 * 3060 *
Carobs Production Quantity 12388 12000 14000 14000 13500
Carobs Yield 43773.8 Fc 42553.2 Fc 44303.8 Fc 44444.4 Fc 44117.7 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 16942 Im 20000 F 23000 F 21000 F 9689 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 402405 390300 439000 405000 235000
Carrots and turnips Yield 237519 Fc 195150 Fc 190870 Fc 192857 Fc 242543 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 7300 F 5900 F 5600 F 5500 F 4700 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 152276 125500 116500 108000 90000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 208597 Fc 212712 Fc 208036 Fc 196364 Fc 191489 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 13037300 A 13885200 A 13840300 A 13406000 A 13778000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 34404900 A 36264200 A 33976900 A 30682900 A 30710800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 2217560 A 2359660 A 2504610 A 2498630 A 2422240 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 26389.6 Fc 26117.3 Fc 24549.2 Fc 22887.5 Fc 22289.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13037300 A 13885200 A 13840300 A 13406000 A 13778000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34636600 A 36464000 A 34140100 A 30806800 A 30830700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 2217560 A 2359660 A 2504610 A 2498630 A 2422240 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 26567.4 Fc 26261.1 Fc 24667.1 Fc 22979.9 Fc 22376.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 30331 26800 25000 24000 22400
Cherries Production Quantity 310254 280000 245000 265000 210000
Cherries Yield 102289 Fc 104478 Fc 98000 Fc 110417 Fc 93750 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 37260 37800 37800 37200 36300 *
Chestnuts Production Quantity 53814 50000 49000 48000 47000
Chestnuts Yield 14442.8 Fc 13227.5 Fc 12963 Fc 12903.2 Fc 12947.7 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 524367 557800 606000 630000 660000
Chick peas Production Quantity 551746 600000 620000 600000 650000
Chick peas Seed 60440.9 Fc 62924 Fc 66936 Fc 72720 Fc 75600 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10522.1 Fc 10756.5 Fc 10231 Fc 9523.81 Fc 9848.48 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 6290 Im 7985 Im 8143 Im 7797 Im 7537 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 14508 Im 17946 Im 20003 Im 17493 Im 15391 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 23065.2 Fc 22474.6 Fc 24564.7 Fc 22435.5 Fc 20420.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 88000 F 91500 F 83707 Im 88000 F 87500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1842180 1829000 1700000 1790000 1750000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 209339 Fc 199891 Fc 203089 Fc 203409 Fc 200000 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 203 210 200 203 203
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2985 3000 2500 2650 3000
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 147044 Fc 142857 Fc 125000 Fc 130542 Fc 147783 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 97173 A 94960 A 95067 A 94916 A 90358 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3220440 A 2913000 A 2707500 A 2487650 A 2493000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 331413 Fc 306761 Fc 284799 Fc 262090 Fc 275903 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4448170 A 4550160 A 4470340 A 4241000 A 4417950 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13930600 A 14364000 A 12650100 A 11426600 A 10962700 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 748691 A 819569 A 829411 A 816230 A 775240 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 31317.7 Fc 31568.2 Fc 28297.8 Fc 26943.2 Fc 24813.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 976540 863700 935928 919531 988120
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1476560 1291180 1425850 1337070 1457120
Cottonseed Seed 31791.1 Fc 35382 Fc 32812.8 Fc 38402.7 Fc 38239.7 Fc
Cranberries Production Quantity 64 Im 66 Im 56 Im 60 Im 55 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 43642 Im 51520 Im 52000 Im 54667 Im 60000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1799610 1745000 1725000 1780000 1670000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 412357 Fc 338703 Fc 331731 Fc 325608 Fc 278333 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 5890 * 5900 * 5700 * 5500 * 5500 *
Dates Production Quantity 19297 18000 17000 15000 15000
Dates Yield 32762.3 Fc 30508.5 Fc 29824.6 Fc 27272.7 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 35000 F 36000 F 35000 F 36000 F 37000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 924165 930000 900000 935000 955000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 264047 Fc 258333 Fc 257143 Fc 259722 Fc 258108 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 589765 A 546945 A 640420 A 637979 A 721737 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 976608 A 863761 A 936583 A 920386 A 989070 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 16559.3 Fc 15792.5 Fc 14624.5 Fc 14426.6 Fc 13704 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 62240 59100 60625 60625 60000
Figs Production Quantity 290151 285000 275000 280000 250000
Figs Yield 46618.1 Fc 48223.3 Fc 45360.8 Fc 46185.6 Fc 41666.7 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 8 6 55 55 50
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1042210 A 1040820 A 1033760 A 1040610 A 1019120 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12224300 A 12678300 A 10771300 A 11500500 A 10628600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 117292 Fc 121811 Fc 104196 Fc 110517 Fc 104291 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1750 * 1765 * 1725 * 1818 * 1795 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16781 16300 13450 17000 16400
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 95891.4 Fc 92351.3 Fc 77971 Fc 93509.4 Fc 91364.9 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 10452 * 10733 * 10666 * 10633 * 8900 *
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 90737 80000 73000 80000 60000
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 86813.1 Fc 74536.5 Fc 68441.8 Fc 75237.5 Fc 67415.7 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 15000 F 16843 Im 17000 F 19000 F 15000 *
Garlic Production Quantity 96112 109000 109000 125000 96000
Garlic Yield 64074.7 Fc 64715.3 Fc 64117.7 Fc 65789.5 Fc 64000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3730 3650 3600 3570 3390
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 179988 150000 135000 135000 125000
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 482542 Fc 410959 Fc 375000 Fc 378151 Fc 368732 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 513830 516000 520000 530000 530000
Grapes Production Quantity 4000060 3850000 3500000 3600000 3500000
Grapes Yield 77847.9 Fc 74612.4 Fc 67307.7 Fc 67924.5 Fc 66037.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 22490 25850 26000 28000 33000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 77454 85000 80000 85000 90000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2594.2 Fc 2249 Fc 2585 Fc 2600 Fc 2800 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 34439.3 Fc 32882 Fc 30769.2 Fc 30357.1 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 392860 389696 393000 368357 350296
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 661000 530000 350000 480000 600000
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 16825.3 Fc 13600.3 Fc 8905.85 Fc 13030.8 Fc 17128.4 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 65 65 375 650 660
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 60 55 600 800 900
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 9230.77 Fc 8461.54 Fc 16000 Fc 12307.7 Fc 13636.4 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 65 65 375 650 660
Hempseed Production Quantity 13 13 30 80 50
Hempseed Seed 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 4 Fc 3.75 Fc 6.5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 800 Fc 1230.77 Fc 757.58 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 11000 F 8000 F 4000 F 5500 F 2500 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 10962 8000 4000 5500 2500
Kiwi fruit Yield 9965.45 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 11859 Im 14000 F 12170 Im 12711 Im 10390 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 320091 326000 295000 305000 290000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 269914 Fc 232857 Fc 242399 Fc 239950 Fc 279115 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 5623 Im 6638 Im 6700 F 5013 Im 5502 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 48721 49000 49000 44000 44000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 86645.9 Fc 73817.4 Fc 73134.3 Fc 87771.8 Fc 79970.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 20800 20000 19667 19170 18565
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 710401 600000 600000 550000 525000
Lemons and limes Yield 341539 Fc 300000 Fc 305080 Fc 286907 Fc 282790 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 424147 439900 439000 442000 492000
Lentils Production Quantity 622684 570000 540000 540000 565000
Lentils Seed 31163.3 Fc 33933.5 Fc 35192 Fc 35120 Fc 35360 Fc
Lentils Yield 14680.9 Fc 12957.5 Fc 12300.7 Fc 12217.2 Fc 11483.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 20000 F 19600 F 19000 F 16309 Im 17900 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 390659 372000 362000 340000 345000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 195330 Fc 189796 Fc 190526 Fc 208474 Fc 192737 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 146 176 220 250 250
Linseed Production Quantity 84 86 80 110 130
Linseed Seed 4.05 Fc 7.3 Fc 8.8 Fc 11 Fc 12.5 Fc
Linseed Yield 5753.42 Fc 4886.36 Fc 3636.36 Fc 4400 Fc 5200 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 536000 600000 545000 560000 500000
Maize Production Quantity 3811000 4200000 3000000 2800000 2100000
Maize Seed 41000 * 43000 * 48000 * 43600 * 45000 *
Maize Yield 71100.8 Fc 70000 Fc 55045.9 Fc 50000 Fc 42000 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Millet Area Harvested 3598 3600 3900 4000 3650
Millet Production Quantity 6955 7200 7000 7000 7200
Millet Seed 104.19 Fc 107.94 Fc 108 Fc 117 Fc 120 Fc
Millet Yield 19330.2 Fc 20000 Fc 17948.7 Fc 17500 Fc 19726 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 3183 4480 5100 6500 9000
Mixed grain Production Quantity 3971 6700 7500 9000 10000
Mixed grain Seed 600 * 600 * 900 * 1000 * 1300 *
Mixed grain Yield 12475.7 Fc 14955.4 Fc 14705.9 Fc 13846.2 Fc 11111.1 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 21833 17000 15000 13000 F 11000 F
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 891 Im 886 Im 879 Im 837 Im 800 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2184 Im 1793 Im 1405 Im 1872 Im 2000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 24511.8 Fc 20237 Fc 15984.1 Fc 22365.6 Fc 25000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 100111 130000 143000 130000 155000
Oats Production Quantity 208787 270000 270000 270000 290000
Oats Seed 15000 * 16000 * 20800 * 22900 * 20800 *
Oats Yield 20855.5 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18881.1 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18709.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1297130 A 1216230 A 1305850 A 1384710 A 1429820 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1381820 A 1192960 A 1243580 A 1198700 A 1257830 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 26018.9 A 28444.6 A 26715.5 A 29784.5 A 30751.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 10652.9 Fc 9808.69 Fc 9523.18 Fc 8656.72 Fc 8797.14 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1948950 A 1860400 A 1938850 A 1999100 A 2040540 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1145030 A 918943 A 1001840 A 805178 A 1036790 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 13087.6 A 14034.7 A 13423.6 A 14230.9 A 14449.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5875.12 Fc 4939.51 Fc 5167.18 Fc 4027.71 Fc 5080.94 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 6014 Im 7100 F 8600 F 7100 F 5594 Im
Okra Production Quantity 36843 36000 43000 35500 31000
Okra Yield 61262.1 Fc 50704.2 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 55416.5 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 651820 644166 633000 614385 610722
Olives Production Quantity 1766750 1200000 1600000 850000 1800000
Olives Yield 27104.9 Fc 18628.7 Fc 25276.5 Fc 13835 Fc 29473.3 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 22000 F 20000 F 21000 F 22000 F 21000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 200875 200000 207000 220000 210000
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 91306.8 Fc 100000 Fc 98571.4 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 65466 77280 78000 82000 90000
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1765400 2070000 2040000 1750000 2050000
Onions, dry Yield 269667 Fc 267857 Fc 261538 Fc 213415 Fc 227778 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 40920 40300 41300 40670 39200
Oranges Production Quantity 1535810 1445000 1300000 1250000 1250000
Oranges Yield 375320 Fc 358561 Fc 314770 Fc 307352 Fc 318878 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 105000 F 103000 F 108000 F 103000 F 110000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1765610 1825000 1750000 1735000 1820000 *
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 168153 Fc 177184 Fc 162037 Fc 168447 Fc 165455 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 27700 27800 27300 26600 26000
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 552775 510000 372000 470000 455000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 199558 Fc 183453 Fc 136264 Fc 176692 Fc 175000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 33200 34700 34700 34800 35000
Pears Production Quantity 317750 360000 320000 370000 340000
Pears Yield 95707.8 Fc 103746 Fc 92219 Fc 106322 Fc 97142.9 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1565 1400 1350 1150 1450
Peas, dry Production Quantity 4373 3600 3500 3500 4000
Peas, dry Seed 129.7 Fc 156.5 Fc 140 Fc 135 Fc 115 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 27942.5 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25925.9 Fc 30434.8 Fc 27586.2 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 12800 F 17400 F 8300 F 7700 F 10000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 89632 122000 58000 54000 69000
Peas, green Yield 70025 Fc 70114.9 Fc 69879.5 Fc 70129.9 Fc 69000 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 40377 40000 37572 37570 37428 *
Pistachios Production Quantity 110000 60000 30000 90000 35000
Pistachios Yield 27243.2 Fc 15000 Fc 7984.67 Fc 23955.3 Fc 9351.29 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 18930 19000 19000 18625 18375
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 214416 220000 210000 210000 200000
Plums and sloes Yield 113268 Fc 115789 Fc 110526 Fc 112752 Fc 108844 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 42023 25335 30343 99431 50741
Poppy seed Production Quantity 30187 13644 17809 52000 19000
Poppy seed Yield 7183.45 Fc 5385.44 Fc 5869.23 Fc 5229.76 Fc 3744.51 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 157908 154300 179000 195000 198000
Potatoes Production Quantity 4397310 4090000 4800000 5300000 5200000
Potatoes Seed 316000 * 308600 * 358000 * 390000 * 396000 *
Potatoes Yield 278473 Fc 265068 Fc 268156 Fc 271795 Fc 262626 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 18771 22400 8250 8500 6826
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 19686 19460 7800 8250 6976
Pulses, nes Yield 10487.5 Fc 8687.5 Fc 9454.55 Fc 9705.88 Fc 10219.8 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1251380 A 1277100 A 1326350 A 1513650 A 1595350 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1606160 A 1565360 A 1583800 A 1558050 A 1640100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 114902 A 124891 A 128048 A 135644 A 153445 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12835.1 Fc 12257.2 Fc 11941 Fc 10293.3 Fc 10280.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 17564 Im 20734 Im 20927 Im 22000 F 20000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 364968 368000 364000 368000 345000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 207793 Fc 177486 Fc 173938 Fc 167273 Fc 172500 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 10400 10430 10500 10490 * 10706 *
Quinces Production Quantity 106214 100000 80000 110000 110000
Quinces Yield 102129 Fc 95877.3 Fc 76190.5 Fc 104862 Fc 102746 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 5014 700 1700 2800 550
Rapeseed Production Quantity 12615 1200 4500 6500 1500
Rapeseed Seed 106.83 Fc 53.89 Fc 7 Fc 17 Fc 28 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 25159.5 Fc 17142.9 Fc 26470.6 Fc 23214.3 Fc 27272.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 99100 85000 70000 65000 60000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 696000 600000 490000 372000 360000
Rice, paddy Seed 11270 11890 10200 8400 9000 *
Rice, paddy Yield 70232.1 Fc 70588.2 Fc 70000 Fc 57230.8 Fc 60000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 158024 A 154520 A 179230 A 195240 A 198280 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4397550 A 4090070 A 4800060 A 5300080 A 5200100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 316000 A 308600 A 358000 A 390000 A 396000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 278284 Fc 264695 Fc 267816 Fc 271465 Fc 262260 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 131245 130000 143000 140000 150000
Rye Production Quantity 271000 270000 270000 240000 255000
Rye Seed 26000 * 26000 * 26000 * 28600 * 28000 *
Rye Yield 20648.4 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18881.1 Fc 17142.9 Fc 17000 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 430 173 165 250 40
Safflower seed Production Quantity 395 215 150 170 25
Safflower seed Seed 25.41 Fc 6.45 Fc 2.6 Fc 2.48 Fc 3.75 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 9186.05 Fc 12427.8 Fc 9090.91 Fc 6800 Fc 6250 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 589700 546880 640045 637329 721077
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2555000 2245000 2460000 2346000 2542000
Seed cotton Yield 43327.1 Fc 41051.1 Fc 38434.8 Fc 36809.9 Fc 35252.8 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 39939 42450 43000 44000 48000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 26545 26000 23000 22000 22000
Sesame seed Seed 446.7 Fc 599.09 Fc 636.75 Fc 645 Fc 660 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6646.39 Fc 6124.85 Fc 5348.84 Fc 5000 Fc 4583.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 88
Sorghum Production Quantity 229
Sorghum Yield 26022.7 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 17380 17166 16666 16317 15485
Sour cherries Production Quantity 121499 140000 138000 145000 100000
Sour cherries Yield 69907.4 Fc 81556.6 Fc 82803.3 Fc 88864.4 Fc 64578.6 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 11918 8600 14000 27000 25500
Soybeans Production Quantity 47300 29000 50000 85000 75000
Soybeans Seed 867.5 Fc 1191.8 Fc 860 Fc 1400 Fc 2700 Fc
Soybeans Yield 39687.9 Fc 33720.9 Fc 35714.3 Fc 31481.5 Fc 29411.8 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 34604 39163 41800 40950 67810
Spices, nes Production Quantity 67704 67470 53600 61560 81250
Spices, nes Yield 19565.4 Fc 17228 Fc 12823 Fc 15033 Fc 11982 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 25000 F 24000 F 21800 F 20500 Im 22500 F
Spinach Production Quantity 242231 238000 213000 220000 220000
Spinach Yield 96892.4 Fc 99166.7 Fc 97706.4 Fc 107317 Fc 97777.8 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 3460 * 3868 * 3870 * 3952 * 3814 *
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 13615 16500 16900 16900 15700
Stone fruit, nes Yield 39349.7 Fc 42657.7 Fc 43669.3 Fc 42763.2 Fc 41164.1 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 9985 10000 9750 10400 10000
Strawberries Production Quantity 211127 200000 155000 150000 145000
Strawberries Yield 211444 Fc 200000 Fc 158974 Fc 144231 Fc 145000 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7700 F 7332 Im 7400 F 7100 F 5900 F
String beans Production Quantity 55837 54000 54000 52000 43000
String beans Yield 72515.6 Fc 73649.8 Fc 72973 Fc 73239.4 Fc 72881.4 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 323714 335812 315344 315303 372468
Sugar beet Production Quantity 14452200 15181200 13517000 12622900 16523200
Sugar beet Yield 446450 Fc 452074 Fc 428643 Fc 400342 Fc 443614 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 585400 566000 550000 545000 550000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1118000 975000 900000 800000 850000
Sunflower seed Seed 16640.3 Fc 17562 Fc 16980 Fc 16500 Fc 16350 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 19098 Fc 17226.2 Fc 16363.6 Fc 14678.9 Fc 15454.5 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 31520 30800 30300 31303 29000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 791255 715000 670000 550000 590000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 251033 Fc 232143 Fc 221122 Fc 175702 Fc 203448 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 116 220 230 240 280
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 241 67 60 80 100
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 20775.9 Fc 3045.45 Fc 2608.7 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3571.43 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 76136 76625 76632 76640 76645
Tea Production Quantity 201866 217540 201663 153800 135000
Tea Yield 26513.9 Fc 28390.2 Fc 26315.8 Fc 20067.8 Fc 17613.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 146166 185342 192710 183043 191000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 98137 135247 133913 112158 152856
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 6714.08 Fc 7297.16 Fc 6948.94 Fc 6127.41 Fc 8002.93 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 228714 Im 270000 F 255000 F 260000 F 255000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 9854880 10050000 9440000 9820000 9450000
Tomatoes Yield 430882 Fc 372222 Fc 370196 Fc 377692 Fc 370588 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 564151 A 560965 A 556501 A 529672 A 506310 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 999897 A 836793 A 593405 A 790872 A 845000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 17723.9 Fc 14917 Fc 10663.1 Fc 14931.4 Fc 16689.4 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 24111 32000 30000
Triticale Production Quantity 77642 110000 95000
Triticale Seed 3000 F 3900 F 3600 F
Triticale Yield 32201.9 Fc 34375 Fc 31666.7 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity 170 F 119 Im 100 F 180 Im 232 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 13572 Im 16022 Im 16171 Im 17000 F 17200 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 274319 267750 254100 271100 273550
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 202121 Fc 167114 Fc 157133 Fc 159471 Fc 159041 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 987099 A 1068470 A 1033860 A 1053440 A 1062090 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25738900 A 26359600 A 25270600 A 25914600 A 25834600 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 260753 Fc 246703 Fc 244431 Fc 246000 Fc 243243 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 987099 A 1068470 A 1033860 A 1053440 A 1062090 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25738900 A 26359600 A 25270600 A 25914600 A 25834600 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 260753 Fc 246703 Fc 244431 Fc 246000 Fc 243243 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 142941 102000 101650 253000 237077
Vetches Production Quantity 190385 134300 132500 123300 132124
Vetches Seed 10074 Fc 12864.7 Fc 9180 Fc 9148.5 Fc 22770 Fc
Vetches Yield 13319.1 Fc 13166.7 Fc 13034.9 Fc 4873.52 Fc 5573.04 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 76583 75583 70000 68333 63986 *
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 129614 150000 126000 130000 120000
Walnuts, with shell Yield 16924.6 Fc 19845.7 Fc 18000 Fc 19024.5 Fc 18754.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 137000 F 143000 F 138000 F 153000 F 165000 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 3805310 3970000 3825000 4250000 4575000
Watermelons Yield 277760 Fc 277622 Fc 277174 Fc 277778 Fc 277273 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8490000 9250000 9300000 9100000 9300000
Wheat Production Quantity 20010000 21500000 21000000 19008200 19508000
Wheat Seed 1457600 1528200 1665000 1674000 1638000
Wheat Yield 23568.9 Fc 23243.2 Fc 22580.7 Fc 20888.1 Fc 20976.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 38247 Q 39012 Q 38911 Q 39122 Q 39505 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 326 Q 192 Q 250 Q 142 Q 135 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 289 Q 318 Q 252 Q 25 Q 39 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 615 Q 510 Q 502 Q 167 Q 174 Q
Arable land Area 20539 Q 21384 Q 21351 Q 21555 Q 21979 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 23630 Q 24395 Q 24294 Q 24505 Q 24888 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 153 Q 66 Q 74 Q 84 Q 85 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 289 Q 318 Q 252 Q 25 Q 39 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 443 Q 384 Q 326 Q 109 Q 124 Q
Country area Area 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q
Fallow land Area 4017 Q 4249 Q 4323 Q 4259 Q 4219 Q
Forest area Area 11452.8 Fm 11334 Q 11215.2 Fm 11096.4 Fm 10977.6 Fm
Inland water Area 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Q 1393 Q
Land area Area 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q
Other land Area 27263.2 Fm 26617 Fm 26836.8 Fm 26744.6 Fm 26480.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3091 Q 3011 Q 2943 Q 2950 Q 2909 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 37 Q 45 Q 38 Q 61 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 32 Q 20 Q 15 Q 21 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 69 Q 65 Q 53 Q 82 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 3 Q 4 Q 3 Q 3 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 30 Q 21 Q 0.1 Q 0.1 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 33 Q 25 Q 3.1 Q 3.1 Q
Temporary crops Area 16522 Q 17135 Q 17028 Q 17296 Q 17760 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 40493 Q 41223 Q 41210 Q 40644 Q 41196 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 162 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 31 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 193 Q 204 Q 210 Q
Arable land Area 22981 Q 23830 Q 23871 Q 23372 Q 23994 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 25876 Q 26606 Q 26593 Q 26027 Q 26579 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 70 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 31 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 100 Q
Country area Area 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q 78356 Q
Fallow land Area 4691 Q 4876 Q 4956 Q 4991 Q 5040 Q
Forest area Area 10858.8 Fm 10740 Q 10621.2 Fm 10502.4 Fm 10383.6 Fm
Inland water Area 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm 1393 Fm
Land area Area 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q 76963 Q
Other land Area 25611.2 Fm 25000 Fm 25131.8 Fm 25816.6 Fm 25383.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2895 Q 2776 Q 2722 Q 2655 Q 2585 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 70 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 13 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 83 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q 14617 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 8 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 0.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 8.2 Q
Temporary crops Area 18290 Q 18954 Q 18915 Q 18381 Q 18954 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Q 5215 Fm 5215 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files