Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


East Timor



East Timor


  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • East Timor
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 148,700
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2005)
  • Population, total: 975,539
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$600
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$588,405,568
  • GDP: US$349,000,000

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Widespread Weinert et al., 2004.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present Introduced YesWeinert et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2017.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Ray et al., 2017.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Kim et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Weinert et al., 2003; Chatasiri and Ono, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present Bellis et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesLee et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Native NoBrowne, 1972; IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Cockrill, 1977; Ridpath, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Introduced YesO'Shea et al., 2015; Kaiser et al., 2001; Trainor, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard) Present NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Native Jickeli, 1874.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoPoutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Lock and Ford, 2004; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesMcFadyen, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced FAO, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced Lança and Parreira, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present Introduced AVH, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced Atlas of Living Australia, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Introduced YesGuterres et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesMcWilliam, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Simões et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced YesWilson, 1995b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Introduced YesMcWilliam, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced Atlas of Living Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file