Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Tajikistan

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Datasheet

Tajikistan

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 9,321,018 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,030 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 9,624.42 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 8,116.63 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 19.20 (2018)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)AbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentSukhoruchenko and Velikan (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)AbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentBoldyreva (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadSukhoruchenko and Voroshilov (1977); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Lebedev and Smetnik (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentMakhmudov et al. (1977); Grichanov et al. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentInvasiveKadyrov (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Saidov et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedAslan et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveHouping and Haack (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys sartus (city longhorn beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeCarpenter and Kojima (1997); Archer (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, LocalizedNativeMoheb et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentKhaitov et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentKhaitov et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentKulichin (1981); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentDzhuraeva (1976); Teben'kova (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedDzhuraeva (1976); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentIvanova (1972); Kankina (1976); Kankina (1977); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedDubinina (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCzerepanov (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNobis and Nowak (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeChen ShouLiang and Phillips (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentTurakulov (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster insignisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentCBD (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentCBD (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTselev and Fedorov (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium himalayensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeHutchings and Price (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeEncyclopedia of Life (2015); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveITIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentAlabi et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentKirpichnikov (1964); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresenteFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeSubkhonov (1972)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); OIE (2019)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsentOIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Nazarov (1997); OIE (1997); OIE (2009)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedDubinina (1987)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
camel poxAbsentOIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsentOIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsentOIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsentOIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
crayfish plagueAbsentOIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsentOIE (2019); Bente et al. (2013)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsentOIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
infectious myonecrosisAbsentOIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadAlam et al. (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeSubkhonov (1972)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsentOIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); Vannovski (1955); OIE (1997); OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019)
surraAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentStepanova et al. (1982); Badalov (1989); Vorob'eva (1992); Zablotsky (1992); CABI (Undated)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsentOIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested4,446 Im4,466 Im4,485 Im4,451 Im4,441 Im
Production quantity3,270 Im3,277 Im3,285 Im3,258 Im3,275 Im
Yield7,355 Fc7,338 Fc7,324 Fc7,320 Fc7,374 Fc
ApplesArea harvested43,208 Im43,022 Im42,869 Im42,731 Im44,173 Im
Production quantity242,918 Im237,080 Im231,458 Im224,128 Im230,387 Im
Yield56,221 Fc55,107 Fc53,992 Fc52,451 Fc52,156 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested10,764 Im10,812 Im10,910 Im11,242 Im11,713 Im
Production quantity32,520 Im31,889 Im31,396 Im30,805 Im32,341 Im
Yield30,212 Fc29,494 Fc28,777 Fc27,402 Fc27,611 Fc
BarleyArea harvested71,82672,27976,84877,60477,174
Production quantity156,240108,817145,620141,957138,240
Yield21,753 Fc15,055 Fc18,949 Fc18,292 Fc17,913 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested4,0014,2844,0853,6394,272
Production quantity30,79932,25819,98018,28322,885
Yield76,978 Fc75,299 Fc48,911 Fc50,242 Fc53,570 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested4,0014,2844,0853,6394,272
Production quantity30,79332,23319,98018,28322,885
Yield76,963 Fc75,240 Fc48,911 Fc50,242 Fc53,570 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested3,2233,0442,5772,3992,251
Production quantity129,253116,899102,50393,86486,978
Yield401,033 Fc384,031 Fc397,761 Fc391,263 Fc386,397 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested8,6018,6878,0467,5127,252
Production quantity369,898356,635315,690301,371286,636
Yield430,064 Fc410,539 Fc392,356 Fc401,186 Fc395,251 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested367,471 A358,021 A394,714 A408,238 A406,030 A
Production quantity1,336,388 A1,218,840 A1,365,515 A1,367,078 A1,324,045 A
Yield36,367 Fc34,044 Fc34,595 Fc33,487 Fc32,610 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested452 A409 A435 A413 A673 A
Production quantity6,453 A6,186 A6,128 A5,798 A9,484 A
Yield142,765 Fc151,247 Fc140,874 Fc140,387 Fc140,921 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested7,1066,8265,6295,4395,103
Production quantity235,747211,612178,035161,390144,314
Yield331,758 Fc310,009 Fc316,282 Fc296,727 Fc282,802 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested185,671 A185,817 A173,979 A162,558 A159,642 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
FigsArea harvested326 Im319 Im312 Im316 Im304 Im
Production quantity1,367 Im1,323 Im1,280 Im1,299 Im1,242 Im
Yield41,933 Fc41,473 Fc41,026 Fc41,108 Fc40,855 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested137,554 A134,930 A135,220 A136,166 A141,283 A
Production quantity1,299,516 A1,226,462 A1,194,964 A1,134,345 A1,136,857 A
Yield94,473 Fc90,896 Fc88,372 Fc83,306 Fc80,467 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested8,692 Im8,641 Im8,585 Im8,567 Im8,773 Im
Production quantity39,739 Im38,056 Im36,374 Im34,412 Im32,730 Im
Yield45,719 Fc44,041 Fc42,369 Fc40,168 Fc37,308 Fc
GarlicArea harvested9591,09148822298
Production quantity16,45915,6435,8963,2551,272
Yield171,627 Fc143,382 Fc120,820 Fc146,622 Fc129,796 Fc
GrapesArea harvested33,75033,25833,11131,88531,760
Production quantity247,167241,892228,303214,775203,807
Yield73,235 Fc72,732 Fc68,951 Fc67,359 Fc64,171 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested3,1573,7284,1372,8912,816
Production quantity13,49814,55113,2918,6738,007
Yield42,756 Fc39,032 Fc32,127 Fc30,000 Fc28,434 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested820 Im819 Im819 Im804 Im795 Im
Production quantity1,005 Im1,006 Im1,007 Im997 Im990 Im
Yield12,256 Fc12,283 Fc12,295 Fc12,400 Fc12,453 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested319278308291560
Production quantity4,4074,2084,2193,9737,706 Im
Yield138,150 Fc151,367 Fc136,981 Fc136,529 Fc137,607 Fc
LentilsArea harvested527588633617643
Production quantity1,0111,0689049631,043
Yield19,184 Fc18,163 Fc14,281 Fc15,608 Fc16,221 Fc
LinseedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
MaizeArea harvested16,95815,94416,70416,83318,950
Production quantity232,899237,355218,448208,113200,519
Yield137,339 Fc148,868 Fc130,776 Fc123,634 Fc105,815 Fc
MilletArea harvested42301905950
Production quantity108785618297
Yield25,714 Fc26,000 Fc29,526 Fc13,898 Fc19,400 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested953 Im947 Im941 Im948 Im941 Im
Production quantity1,544 Im1,540 Im1,536 Im1,543 Im1,536 Im
Yield16,201 Fc16,262 Fc16,323 Fc16,276 Fc16,323 Fc
OatsArea harvested2,0912,2422,4782,5362,394
Production quantity3,1212,6923,2513,2652,922
Yield14,926 Fc12,007 Fc13,119 Fc12,875 Fc12,206 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested198,753 A198,394 A186,332 A173,523 A170,430 A
Production quantity438,884 A331,167 A415,092 A308,677 A293,555 A
Yield22,082 Fc16,692 Fc22,277 Fc17,789 Fc17,224 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested198,753 A198,394 A186,332 A173,523 A170,430 A
Production quantity146,687 A110,443 A136,766 A102,316 A97,338 A
Yield7,380 Fc5,567 Fc7,340 Fc5,896 Fc5,711 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested198,753 A198,394 A186,332 A173,523 A170,430 A
Production quantity53,320 A41,050 A49,121 A37,468 A35,905 A
Yield2,683 Fc2,069 Fc2,636 Fc2,159 Fc2,107 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Onions, dryArea harvested20,87622,55719,47519,83019,427
Production quantity641,779680,920555,059556,955523,807
Yield307,424 Fc301,866 Fc285,011 Fc280,865 Fc269,628 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OrangesArea harvested133 Im131 Im127 Im122 Im113 Im
Production quantity2,046 Im1,978 Im1,909 Im1,825 Im1,778 Im
Yield153,835 Fc150,992 Fc150,315 Fc149,590 Fc157,345 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested10,069 Im10,268 Im10,559 Im11,235 Im12,675 Im
Production quantity25,831 Im25,993 Im26,373 Im26,753 Im30,914 Im
Yield25,654 Fc25,315 Fc24,977 Fc23,812 Fc24,390 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested8,7409,1268,6187,4587,630
Production quantity13,2499,93510,4388,4118,007
Yield15,159 Fc10,886 Fc12,112 Fc11,278 Fc10,494 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested2,2331,6381678727 Im
Production quantity47,10733,8473,0461,075280
Yield210,958 Fc206,636 Fc182,395 Fc123,563 Fc103,704 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested8,410 Im8,274 Im8,143 Im9,807 Im9,854 Im
Production quantity2,259 Im2,259 Im2,259 Im2,205 Im3,517 Im
Yield2,686 Fc2,730 Fc2,774 Fc2,248 Fc3,569 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested51,57649,64340,61541,57739,782
Production quantity994,433964,644782,892898,116887,418
Yield192,809 Fc194,316 Fc192,759 Fc216,013 Fc223,070 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested2,3432,5513,4053,5174,357
Production quantity6,3836,40148,25639,36235,201
Yield27,243 Fc25,092 Fc141,721 Fc111,919 Fc80,792 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested15,611 A16,549 A16,741 A15,231 A16,902 A
Production quantity51,442 A49,662 A79,578 A67,019 A67,136 A
Yield32,952 Fc30,009 Fc47,535 Fc44,002 Fc39,721 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested1250922859122
Production quantity82772423750
Yield6,667 Fc5,442 Fc10,614 Fc6,271 Fc4,098 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested12,39411,82512,52713,67811,769
Production quantity106,44290,44697,76396,47685,807
Yield85,882 Fc76,487 Fc78,042 Fc70,534 Fc72,909 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity70,997 Fc60,327 Fc65,208 Fc64,349 Fc57,233 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested51,576 A49,643 A40,615 A41,577 A39,782 A
Production quantity994,433 A964,644 A782,892 A898,116 A887,418 A
Yield192,809 Fc194,316 Fc192,759 Fc216,013 Fc223,070 Fc
RyeArea harvested181134914049
Production quantity6733512028883
Yield37,182 Fc26,194 Fc22,198 Fc22,000 Fc16,939 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested5,0613,1192,0212,0231,228
Production quantity9,2384,3421,6771,9171,301
Yield18,253 Fc13,921 Fc8,298 Fc9,476 Fc10,594 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested185,671185,817173,979162,558159,642
Production quantity403,008300,342386,509284,708270,047
Yield21,705 Fc16,163 Fc22,216 Fc17,514 Fc16,916 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested774764659771564
Production quantity1,642659872876551
Yield21,214 Fc8,626 Fc13,232 Fc11,362 Fc9,770 Fc
SorghumArea harvested19189912
Production quantity21115171615
Yield11,053 Fc63,889 Fc18,889 Fc17,778 Fc12,500 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested66 Im66 Im67 Im68 Im66 Im
Production quantity27 Im26 Im25 Im24 Im22 Im
Yield4,091 Fc3,939 Fc3,731 Fc3,529 Fc3,333 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested4,0124,3915,2415,1535,992
Production quantity11,46310,97012,47612,44213,577
Yield28,572 Fc24,983 Fc23,805 Fc24,145 Fc22,659 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested8496108121154
Production quantity141138212179253
Yield16,786 Fc14,375 Fc19,630 Fc14,793 Fc16,429 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested16,30015,63513,83113,56512,820
Production quantity491,024443,811409,398361,531369,243
Yield301,242 Fc283,857 Fc296,000 Fc266,518 Fc288,021 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested6,219 A6,232 A6,245 A6,203 A6,177 A
Production quantity5,819 A5,823 A5,828 A5,798 A5,801 A
Yield9,357 Fc9,344 Fc9,332 Fc9,347 Fc9,391 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested67,944 A68,823 A60,639 A58,905 A57,409 A
Production quantity2,346,678 A2,266,785 A1,972,901 A1,859,065 A1,778,034 A
Yield345,384 Fc329,364 Fc325,352 Fc315,604 Fc309,713 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested6,878 Im6,699 Im6,508 Im6,299 Im6,186 Im
Production quantity431,725 Im409,032 Im386,340 Im362,416 Im342,899 Im
Yield627,690 Fc610,587 Fc593,639 Fc575,355 Fc554,315 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested21,88319,92720,29619,97021,358
Production quantity701,262641,784631,393594,170592,435
Yield320,460 Fc322,068 Fc311,092 Fc297,531 Fc277,383 Fc
WheatArea harvested263,960255,549285,867297,479295,632
Production quantity836,884778,986899,653917,081896,362
Yield31,705 Fc30,483 Fc31,471 Fc30,828 Fc30,320 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea4,728 Fm4,740 Fm4,734 Fm4,738 Fm4,742 Fm
AgricultureArea4,728 Fc4,740 Fc4,734 Fc4,738 Fc4,742 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea8 I7 I7 I7 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area9 I13 I13 I13 I13 I
Arable landArea702 Fm717 Fm715 Fm723 Fm730 Fm
Country areaArea14,138 W14,138 Q14,138 Q14,138 Q14,138 W
CroplandArea853 Fm865 Fm859 Fm863 Fm867 Fm
Forest landArea422 Q422 Q422 Q422 Q419 Fm
Inland watersArea259 Fm259 Fm259 Fm259 Fm259 Fm
Land areaArea13,879 Fm13,879 Fm13,879 Fm13,879 Fm13,879 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea822 Fm822 Fm818 Fm817 Fm817 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea3,875 Fm3,875 Fm3,875 Fm3,875 Fm3,875 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea151 W148 Q144 Q140 Q137 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea26 W27 W29 W29 W30 W
Naturally regenerating forestArea306 Fm305 Fm305 Q305 Q304 Fm
Other landArea8,730 Fc8,717 Fc8,724 Fc8,719 Fc8,717 Fc
Planted ForestArea116 Q116 Q116 Q116 Q116 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea822 Q818 Q817 Q817 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea765 Q735 Q734 Q733 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea822 Q818 Q817 Q817 Q
Primary ForestArea297 Fm297 Fm297 Q297 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.