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Datasheet

Thailand

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Thailand
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 513,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 63,832,135
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,400
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$217,182,601,216
  • GDP: US$245,350,563,840
  • Agriculture, value added: US$28,029,212,672

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
yellow head virus Present Chantanachookin et al., 1993.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present Chen et al., 2008.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Schneider et al., 1993.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Neramitmansook et al., 2003.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present Promintara, 1990.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014. CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella choleraesuis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella paratyphi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticus Present Chonsin et al., 2016; Kongrueng et al., 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Present, few occurrences Introduced Wetchateng et al., 2010.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native Bhat et al., 1979; ICRISAT, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced YesFrederickson et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced NoReddy and, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Chandrasrikul, 1962; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Ou, 1963; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present EPPO, 2014; Ono, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Poonpolgul and Surin, 1980; Lorsuwan et al., 1984; Poolpol and Pupipat, 1985; Ono et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present Ricaud et al., 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut) Present Shivas et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Disease not reported McLeod et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) Present Native NoMartel et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present CIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Present APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced APPPC, 1987; Wongkobrat, 1988; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Native YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Introduced Lavens and Sorgeloos, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Native Nakao et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2000; ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Restricted distribution Drew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Widespread White and Elson-Harris, 1992; Allwood et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Widespread YesWaterhouse, 1993a; Drew and Hancock, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tau Present NHM London UK
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosa Present White and Elson-Harris, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present Native Hardy, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Tawatsin et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Yano et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Present Rethinam and Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Stephenson, 1972a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab) Present Native Wee and Ng, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present Introduced Chang, 2001; FAO-DIAS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesCIE, 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Present Mumford and Ho, 1988; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites) Present Wongkobrat, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite) Present Ahmad, 1965; Rao, 1974; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrossopriza lyoni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Bram, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Danzig, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Native Hauser, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Pitaksa et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Widespread Sarkar et al., 2014; García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present CIE, 1981; Pinratana, 1985; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper) Localised Native NoPinratana, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present Native NoAPPPC, 1987; Beaver, 1990; Wood and Bright, 1992; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; Ben-Dov, 1994; Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present Kudô, 1980; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Napompeth, 1990; Showler and Melcher, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present RTDA, 1965; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper) Present Viraktamath, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinacea Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution Martinez, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; Rushtapakornchai et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Native New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Restricted distribution APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Absent, unreliable record Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Pinratana, 1977; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Muniappan et al., 2009b; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present APPPC, 1987; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native NoHolthuis, 1980; Dore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesParsa et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Localised Introduced YesSiam Insect-Zoo and Museum, 2007; Ghulam et al., 2009; Muniappan, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Kane et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Widespread Sukprakarn, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Native APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Papp et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present Yano, 1978; Knutson and Orth, 1984; Knutson and Ghorpade, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Sukprakarn, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesAPPPC, 1987; IIE, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Udorn et al., undated. NPPO of Thailand, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Blackman and Eastop, 1984; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native Martin, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Vongpakorn and Neramitmansook, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareae Present CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Laigo and Morse, 1969; Chantawannakul et al., 2006; Warrit et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Present Native EPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoBeaver and Browne, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Native NoBeaver and Browne, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoCoyle, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon) Present Vidthayanon and Kottelat, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Piyakarnchana, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel) Present Native Corbet and Hill, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel) Present Native Corbet and Hill, 1992; Thorington et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler) Present Native Clement and Juana, 2013; Clements et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead) Absent, invalid record Introduced Northern Snakehead Working Group, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead) Present Native Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid) Present Introduced Nico et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Vidthayanon and et al. , 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Introduced YesFAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Native YesWells, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Greathead and Greathead, 1992; Welcomme, 1988; Piyakarnchana, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present Native Robson, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesBanpot, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Native NoThe Reptile Database, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoVidthayanon, 2005; Csavas , 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present Native Jiang et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Native Masuda and et al. , 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Iongh and Zon, 1993; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Nico et al., 2007; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present Introduced YesRobson, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) Widespread Native NoTaylor and Elbel, 1958; Cox, 1991; Cox et al., 1998; Chan-ard et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Teixeira et al., 2001; DIAS, 2004; FAO, 2005; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present Sudto, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Native NoWells, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Localised Introduced Pattarmanon, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel) Present Oliveira et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Brandt, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Localised Introduced Wangkulangkul and Lheknim, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Native NACA, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoPoutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Introduced Mochida, 1991; Halwart and Bartley, 2006; Hayes et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Moravec, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Timm, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode) Restricted distribution Hashioka, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Widespread Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Ratanaprapa and Chunram, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Chunram, 1972; Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ruanpanun and Khun-in, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present Kanjanasoon, 1964; Chunram, 1972; Madamba, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Chunram, 1972; Siddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Timm, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Chunram, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Native NoLewmanomont, 1998; Ratana-arporn and Chirapart, 2006; Ruangchuay et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Takara, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoTagawa and Iwatsuki, 1965; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native Holttum, 1976; Boonkerd et al., 2008; To-anun et al., 2010; Lindsay and Middleton, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Native NoKato, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Garrison Hanks, 1998; Lindsay and Middleton, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Widespread Peudpaichit et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia cucullata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present YesGunn and Ritchie, 1982; Pallewatta et al., 2003; Chomchalow, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Abbott, 1988b; Lewmanomont, 1994; Silva et al., 1996; Terada et al., 1999; Tseng and Xia, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Waterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced Marcar et al., 1991a; Booth and Turnbull, 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced Pinyopusarerk and Puriyakorn, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Widespread Noda et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native Krisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced YesSankaran and Ramaseshiah, 1974; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Parham, 1958; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Jansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Burke and DiTommaso, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Samson, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Widespread Boonklinkajorn, 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Widespread Introduced YesBoontawee, 1996; Stoney , 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Aguilar, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Moody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachiaria reptans (sprawling panicum) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present Native Li and Leeuwenberg, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2002; PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia cathartica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced Rojo and Pitargue, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Native Pongpanich et al., 1996; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1977; Noda et al., 1985; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus polystachios Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Pholprasith et al., 1978; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesJacobs, 1960; Holm et al., 1991; Philcox, 1996; Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Wearn and Mabberley, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Deori et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Introduced YesRenner et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Holm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster franchetii (orange cotoneaster) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced Tjitrosoedirdjo, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Detpiratmongkol et al., 2005; Dumri Lertsiri, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Widespread Noda et al., 1985; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Noda et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Noda et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present YesWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Noda et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ICRAF, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Noda et al., 1985; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Revilla et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present IRRI, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Native Rojo et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Quattrocchi, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Native Rojo et al., 1999; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Nemoto et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993a; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Native Govaerts, 2013; Puangpen, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage) Present Native NoPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Pieterse, 1981; Siriworakul et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; McDonald and Chandler, 1994; Garrity et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native Mattapha and Chantaranothai, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Holm et al., 1977; Stripen et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Gilliland et al., 1971; Noda et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Matchacheep, 1995; Padua et al., 1999; Thailand Department of Agriculture, 2002; Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (queen's flower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Restricted distribution Reed, 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Introduced YesMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila chinensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Yongboonkird et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Moody, 1989; Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native Airy Shaw, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Lim, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced IUCN, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesMoody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced World Agroforetry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Restricted distribution Napompeth, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Native Watanabe et al., 1988; Simsiri and Namsawath, 1993; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van and Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoEPPO Executive Committee, 2012; ISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania cordata Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Restricted distribution Introduced Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Widespread Introduced Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; Moody, 1989; Napompeth, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Widespread Introduced YesNapompeth, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native Lock and Heald, 1994; ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989; Galinato et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Napompeth and Bay-Petersen, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native Sukon, 2007; Zungsontiporn, 2006; Ohwi, 2010; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Clayton, 1970; Ivens, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Chang, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Widespread Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Widespread Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced Lock and Heald, 1994; PIER, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Falvey and Hengmichai, 1978; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native NoDirekbusarakom et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Parthasarathy et al., 2008; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread YesWaterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced McVaugh, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass) Present Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Geesink, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Restricted distribution Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Native Novan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle) Widespread Native Csurhes and Hankamer, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Millhollon and Burner, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Widespread Native De Gennaro, 2011; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Akkasaeng et al., 1989; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Cock and Evans, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Teerawatsakul et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced Waterhouse, 1993; Noda et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Puff, 2007; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1948; Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoMcGrath et al., 1957; EPPO, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Unconfirmed record CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Native Chantaranothai and Parnell, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Harada et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Native Hua and Edmonds, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Noda et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Native PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Mohanasundaram et al., 1973; Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Native NoJSTOR, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Native NoMunir, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Native Branney, 2005; Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2000; Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Piumsomboon et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoMcClure et al., 1978.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Lister and Ranieri, 1995.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Brunt et al., 1990; Dahal and Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusextra small virus Present Sudthongkong, 2007.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus Present Sudthongkong, 2007.
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize lethal necrosis disease Present
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004c; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Yeh and Gonsalves, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Widespread Temeeyasen et al., 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Nielsen et al., 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Native Thanapase et al., 1983; Thongrit et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease Present Chonsin et al., 2016; Kongrueng et al., 2015.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2009.
African swine fever No information available OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present Chen et al., 2008; OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Dissamarn et al., 1968; Chansiri, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Present Moravec, 2006.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997; Pollarp, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2009; Li et al., 2004; OIE, 2005a.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection Present Native NoMartel et al., 2014.
blackleg Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Apiwatnakorn et al., 1996.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Aiumlamai et al., 1992.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Wongwatcharadumrong et al., 1984.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Virakul et al., 1997.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Aiumlamai et al., 1992.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Reported present or known to be present Dance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Tantaswasdi et al., 1996.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesJames, 1947.
Chytridiomycosis Disease not reported McLeod et al., 2008.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Lefèvre, 1991; Laak, 1992.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Chokephaibulkit et al., 2001; Leelayoova et al., 2001; Gatei et al., 2002; Tiangtip and Jongwutiwes, 2002; Wanachiwanawin et al., 2002; Uga et al., 2003.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present Tantaswasdi et al., 1994.
Digenean infections of fish Present Sithithaworn et al., 1997; Sukontason et al., 1999.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Reported present or known to be present Sandhu and Leibovitz, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Boonyaratpalin , 1983.
enteric septicaemia of catfish Present Kasornchandra et al., 1987.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Aiumlamai et al., 1992.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Vayuchote et al., 1991.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009; Tonguthai , 1985.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Suthienkul et al., 1990.
European foulbrood Present Neramitmansook et al., 2003; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Keawcharoen et al., 2013.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Wattanavijarn et al., 1988.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009; Gould et al., 1974; Hori et al., 1986; Rojanasuphot et al., 1998; Daniels et al., 2002.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Akiba, 1970.
listeriosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease No information available OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoChinabut et al., 1990; Somsiri et al., 1993; Somsiri and Alexandra, 1994.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Suteeraparp et al., 1999.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2004c.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Widespread Unchitti et al., 1992.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoMcClure et al., 1978.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Widespread Temeeyasen et al., 2014.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Wattanavijarn et al., 1983.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
proliferative enteropathy Present Raphanaphraiwan et al., 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; Ito et al., 1999.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Poolkhet et al., 2010.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Mahitanan et al., 1982; Pathanasophon et al., 1994; Kohler et al., 1997.
Rift Valley fever No information available OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Pongsuwanne et al., 1989.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Kramomtong et al., 1994.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported Kramomtong et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Nerome et al., 1982; Kupradinun et al., 1991.
swine vesicular disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Nielsen et al., 2005.
tetanus Widespread Sakdinun and Pholpark, 1997.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Kakuda et al., 1998; Chansiri et al., 1999; Gubbels et al., 2000.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Vongpakorn and Neramitmansook, 2003; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Laigo and Morse, 1969; Chantawannakul et al., 2006; Warrit et al., 2006.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
white tail disease Present Sudthongkong, 2007.
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Present, few occurrences Introduced Wetchateng et al., 2010.
yellow head disease Present Chantanachookin et al., 1993.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Arecanuts Area Harvested 17832 Im 23326 Im 24000 F 21000 F 23000 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 31203 Im 40649 Im 41000 F 35000 F 39000 F
Arecanuts Yield 17498.3 Fc 17426.5 Fc 17083.3 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16956.5 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 16558 Im 16657 17146 17783 21164
Asparagus Production Quantity 61891 Im 63108 64824 67062 78924
Asparagus Yield 37378.3 Fc 37886.8 Fc 37807.1 Fc 37711.3 Fc 37291.6 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 142128 Im 133527 133162 132491 132021
Bananas Production Quantity 2036430 Im 1584900 1528080 1540480 1929280
Bananas Yield 143281 Fc 118695 Fc 114753 Fc 116271 Fc 146134 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 10562 Im 11000 F 10967 Im 10559 Im 10498 Im
Barley Production Quantity 19486 Im 20000 F 19699 Im 19371 Im 19420 Im
Barley Yield 18449.2 Fc 18181.8 Fc 17962.1 Fc 18345.5 Fc 18498.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 151203 Im 131676 Im 136800 134880 142880
Beans, dry Production Quantity 121786 Im 103924 Im 103000 100000 113253
Beans, dry Seed 8640 Fc 8640 Fc 8640 Fc 8640 Fc 8697.6 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8054.47 Fc 7892.4 Fc 7529.24 Fc 7414 Fc 7926.44 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 170594 167091 155102 156493 164429
Beans, green Production Quantity 301070 310363 297927 294356 305766
Beans, green Yield 17648.3 Fc 18574.5 Fc 19208.5 Fc 18809.5 Fc 18595.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 33914 40925 39363 39128 38700
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 490660 549877 496374 495576 479998
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 144678 Fc 134362 Fc 126102 Fc 126655 Fc 124030 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 84193 Im 87683 Im 80861 Im 77855 Im 77404 Im
Canary seed Production Quantity 33677.2 Fc 35073.2 Fc 32344.4 Fc 31420 Im 31500 Im
Canary seed Yield 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4035.71 Fc 4069.56 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 18230 23847 24536 25089 25893
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 29060 37857 38184 40612 43048
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 15940.8 Fc 15875 Fc 15562.4 Fc 16187.2 Fc 16625.3 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1135390 1168450 1326740 1183540 1174210
Cassava Production Quantity 21912400 22005700 30088000 25155800 26915500
Cassava Yield 192994 Fc 188332 Fc 226781 Fc 212547 Fc 229222 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 13241 12780 13253 13136 13015
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 11340 12197 11680 11330 10982
Castor oil seed Seed 41.05 Fc 41.05 Fc 39.62 Fc 41.08 Fc 40.72 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 8564.31 Fc 9543.82 Fc 8813.1 Fc 8625.15 Fc 8437.96 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 3216 Im 3235 3455 3457 3459
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 40082 Im 40870 43275 47407 48052
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 124633 Fc 126337 Fc 125253 Fc 137133 Fc 138919 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 12958200 A 13495400 A 12447900 A 11922700 A 11854100 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 28198300 A 28915300 A 26345100 A 25652400 A 25594100 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 712568 A 712568 A 712670 A 712520 A 694554 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 21761 Fc 21426 Fc 21164.3 Fc 21515.6 Fc 21591 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 81616 Im 85000 F 80000 F 74000 F 74000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 204601 Im 210000 F 200000 F 185000 F 185000 F
Cereals, nes Seed 2448.48 Fc 2448.48 Fc 2550 Fc 2400 Fc 2220 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 25068.7 Fc 24705.9 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12958200 A 13495400 A 12447900 A 11922700 A 11854100 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 39716200 A 40764700 A 37039700 A 36192100 A 36283200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 712568 A 712568 A 712670 A 712520 A 694554 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 30649.6 Fc 30206.3 Fc 29755.8 Fc 30355.6 Fc 30608.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 64341 Im 71803 71305 70984 70605
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 139322 Im 158883 165458 162637 159109
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 21653.7 Fc 22127.6 Fc 23204.3 Fc 22911.8 Fc 22535.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1321 Im 1329 Im 1300 F 1200 F 1100 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 17632 Im 17979 Im 18000 F 16000 F 15000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 133475 Fc 135282 Fc 138462 Fc 133333 Fc 136364 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 2662 Im 2501 Im 2525 Im 1655 Im 1658 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 11389 Im 8864 Im 8929 Im 5518 Im 6232 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 42783.6 Fc 35441.8 Fc 35362.4 Fc 33341.4 Fc 37587.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 98651 A 97136 A 109499 A 116410 A 123240 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1295830 A 1127780 A 1377520 A 1549960 A 1714130 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 131354 Fc 116103 Fc 125802 Fc 133147 Fc 139088 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1326760 A 1374760 A 1305420 A 1238170 A 1184160 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5126660 A 5179850 A 4922540 A 4540380 A 4182750 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 25595.3 A 25595.3 A 25696.8 A 25546.8 A 24064.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 38640.4 Fc 37678.2 Fc 37708.4 Fc 36670.1 Fc 35322.5 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 290 Im 311 319 366 390
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 760 Im 763 781 823 932
Cocoa beans Yield 26206.9 Fc 24533.8 Fc 24482.8 Fc 22486.3 Fc 23897.4 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 215993 230950 237882 245725 255697
Coconuts Production Quantity 1055320 1298150 1380980 1483930 1721640
Coconuts Yield 48859 Fc 56209.1 Fc 58053.2 Fc 60389.9 Fc 67331.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 51663 57518 58454 62186 67941
Coffee, green Production Quantity 42394 48955 56315 50442 55660
Coffee, green Yield 8205.87 Fc 8511.25 Fc 9634.07 Fc 8111.47 Fc 8192.4 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 60000 F 60000 F 60000 F 50000 F 50000 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2262.01 Fc 2668.68 Fc 2800.35 Fc 2992.5 Fc 2997.85 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4488.13 Fc 5295 Fc 5556.25 Fc 5937.5 Fc 5948.13 Fc
Cottonseed Seed 144 Fc 144 Fc 144 Fc 144 Fc 144 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 24522 23449 23112 23247 23015
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 261400 236955 233720 231549 271485
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 106598 Fc 101051 Fc 101125 Fc 99603.8 Fc 117960 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 2210 Im 2223 2034 1947 2084
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 34289 Im 34963 33997 33798 30047
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 155154 Fc 157278 Fc 167144 Fc 173590 Fc 144179 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 850 F 900 F 920 F 950 F 950 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 700 F 725 F 850 F 950 F 950 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 8235.29 Fc 8055.56 Fc 9239.13 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 40645 A 43157 A 44514 A 45686 A 48368 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 41851.8 A 48256.1 A 50808.7 A 54152.5 A 54663.8 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10296.9 Fc 11181.5 Fc 11414.1 Fc 11853.2 Fc 11301.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1246130 A 1171820 A 1144930 A 1156710 A 1155550 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13090300 A 10273600 A 10148900 A 10338200 A 11912400 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 105048 Fc 87672.7 Fc 88642.5 Fc 89376 Fc 103089 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 21000 F 20000 Im 23000 F 20000 F 20003 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 325000 F 296800 Im 315279 Im 350000 F 372751 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 154762 Fc 148400 Fc 137078 Fc 175000 Fc 186348 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 532208 Im 500000 F 464105 473452 472452
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3212240 Im 2500000 F 2281180 1971040 2511380
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 60356.8 Fc 50000 Fc 49152.2 Fc 41631.3 Fc 53156.3 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 11949 10836 11094 13821 12094
Garlic Production Quantity 75589 68108 71433 85648 74711
Garlic Yield 63259.7 Fc 62853.4 Fc 64388.9 Fc 61969.5 Fc 61775.3 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 9757 10248 10081 9855 9048
Ginger Production Quantity 152630 172681 170125 161505 153284
Ginger Yield 156431 Fc 168502 Fc 168758 Fc 163881 Fc 169412 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 33826 Im 31779 32158 32500 32154
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 378979 Im 294949 305500 320122 308079
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 112038 Fc 92812.6 Fc 94999.7 Fc 98499.1 Fc 95813.6 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 4478 4426 4337 4249 4177
Grapes Production Quantity 78458 77285 75403 73289 71561
Grapes Yield 175208 Fc 174616 Fc 173860 Fc 172485 Fc 171322 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 30114 28405 32635 32674 32519
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 47837 45344 45715 53015 53559
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 3283.8 Fc 3283.8 Fc 3283.8 Fc 3283.8 Fc 3385.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 15885.3 Fc 15963.4 Fc 14008 Fc 16225.4 Fc 16470.1 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 1414 Im 1362 Im 1346 Im 1433 1301
Jute Production Quantity 2184 Im 2105 Im 1936 Im 2914 2331
Jute Yield 15445.5 Fc 15455.2 Fc 14383.4 Fc 20335 Fc 17917 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 3143 A 3027 A 3442 A 2849 A 3918 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 4699 A 4529 A 4839 A 4972 A 5705 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 14950.7 Fc 14962 Fc 14058.7 Fc 17451.7 Fc 14561 Fc
Kapok Fibre Production Quantity 45000 F 45000 F 45000 F 45000 F 45000 F
Kapok Fruit Area Harvested 29876 Im 31982 Im 32733 Im 33837 Im 35445 Im
Kapok Fruit Production Quantity 103560 Im 122177 Im 128198 Im 137000 F 136300 *
Kapok Fruit Yield 34663.3 Fc 38201.8 Fc 39164.8 Fc 40488.2 Fc 38453.9 Fc
Kapokseed in Shell Production Quantity 85954.8 Fc 101407 Fc 106404 Fc 113710 Fc 113129 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 274 Im 276 Im 270 F 240 F 225 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1959 Im 1998 Im 2000 F 1800 F 1700 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 71496.4 Fc 72391.3 Fc 74074.1 Fc 75000 Fc 75555.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 14883 17606 16144 16898 18005
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 120441 171074 152536 162747 174443
Lemons and limes Yield 80925.2 Fc 97168 Fc 94484.6 Fc 96311.4 Fc 96885.9 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3576 3637 3632 3631 3509
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 29170 31326 31193 30724 29174
Lettuce and chicory Yield 81571.6 Fc 86131.4 Fc 85883.8 Fc 84615.8 Fc 83140.5 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1122050 1162900 1104870 1042830 989992
Maize Production Quantity 4816650 4860750 4616120 4249350 3890220
Maize Seed 22716.8 Fc 22716.8 Fc 22716.8 Fc 22716.8 Fc 21414.4 Fc
Maize Yield 42927.2 Fc 41798.5 Fc 41779.8 Fc 40748.3 Fc 39295.5 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 34099 Im 34304 35236 35365 34292
Maize, green Production Quantity 255274 Im 260294 267705 268731 260200
Maize, green Yield 74862.6 Fc 75878.6 Fc 75974.9 Fc 75987.8 Fc 75877.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 331084 Im 311048 308026 305114 297601
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 3277250 Im 2550600 2469810 2374170 2302690
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 98985.4 Fc 82000.2 Fc 80181.9 Fc 77812.6 Fc 77375.1 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 6791 Im 6925 Im 6933 Im 6366 Im 6394 Im
Natural rubber Area Harvested 2042500 1929260 1856070 1819500 1766850
Natural rubber Production Quantity 3348900 3051780 3090280 3166910 3024210
Natural rubber Yield 16396.1 Fc 15818.4 Fc 16649.6 Fc 17405.4 Fc 17116.4 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 12631 Im 16523 Im 17000 F 18000 F 18000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 15982 Im 20820 Im 21000 F 22000 F 22000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 12653 Fc 12600.6 Fc 12352.9 Fc 12222.2 Fc 12222.2 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 600000 F 568364 510003 461555 426120
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 10776800 8223140 8162700 9270510 6389980
Oil palm fruit Yield 179613 Fc 144681 Fc 160052 Fc 200854 Fc 149957 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1063940 A 1066410 A 1019570 A 990118 A 980164 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 465360 A 492883 A 507283 A 524551 A 528076 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 4063.02 A 4063.02 A 4062.59 A 4060.2 A 4313.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4373.94 Fc 4621.91 Fc 4975.46 Fc 5297.87 Fc 5387.63 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1077180 A 1079190 A 1032820 A 1003250 A 993179 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1910300 A 1705770 A 1823550 A 1994960 A 1511730 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1909.01 A 1909.01 A 1908.08 A 1906.64 A 1985.2 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 17734.3 Fc 15806.1 Fc 17656 Fc 19884.9 Fc 15221.1 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 15511 15685 16562 16968 17292
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 195228 180696 201662 199435 208995
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 125864 Fc 115203 Fc 121762 Fc 117536 Fc 120862 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1733 Im 1743 1516 1575 1779
Onions, dry Production Quantity 45568 Im 46464 44977 46428 52748
Onions, dry Yield 262943 Fc 266575 Fc 296682 Fc 294781 Fc 296504 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 22000 F 21500 Im 21550 Im 21485 Im 21527 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 425000 F 372700 Im 395880 Im 414401 Im 468044 Im
Oranges Yield 193182 Fc 173349 Fc 183703 Fc 192879 Fc 217422 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1729 Im 1665 2096 1416 2617
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 2515 Im 2424 2903 2058 3374
Other Bastfibres Yield 14546 Fc 14558.6 Fc 13850.2 Fc 14533.9 Fc 12892.6 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 285900 F 285900 Im 300000 * 294000 * 240000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 1530000 * 1287510 1387600 1543760 1051090
Papayas Area Harvested 13163 Im 12366 12140 11876 11609
Papayas Production Quantity 271877 Im 211594 206762 201099 195377
Papayas Yield 206546 Fc 171109 Fc 170315 Fc 169332 Fc 168298 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 597 454 434 431 423
Peas, green Production Quantity 6910 5216 4859 4696 4589
Peas, green Yield 115745 Fc 114890 Fc 111959 Fc 108956 Fc 108487 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1210 1991 2142 2060 2787
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 4395 6391 6730 5852 10419
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 36322.3 Fc 32099.5 Fc 31419.2 Fc 28407.8 Fc 37384.3 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 103413 93312 90656 93116 94449
Pineapples Production Quantity 2593210 1924660 1894860 2278160 2815280
Pineapples Yield 250762 Fc 206261 Fc 209017 Fc 244658 Fc 298074 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 9921 9371 7616 7610 7981
Potatoes Production Quantity 145898 132818 126386 114499 125703
Potatoes Seed 8052.66 Fc 8052.66 Fc 8052.66 Fc 8052.66 Fc 7575.48 Fc
Potatoes Yield 147060 Fc 141733 Fc 165948 Fc 150459 Fc 157503 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 95465 Im 91330 Im 90267 Im 89000 F 79000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 120794 Im 111384 Im 108150 Im 105000 F 80000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 4650 Fc 4650 Fc 4650 Fc 4650 Fc 4650 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 12653.2 Fc 12195.8 Fc 11981.1 Fc 11797.8 Fc 10126.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 246668 A 223006 A 227067 A 223880 A 221880 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 242580 A 215308 A 211150 A 205000 A 193253 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 13290 A 13290 A 13290 A 13290 A 13347.6 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9834.27 Fc 9654.81 Fc 9299.02 Fc 9156.69 Fc 8709.8 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 18857 Im 18970 17483 17198 15102
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 203121 Im 207116 194524 192305 176975
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 107717 Fc 109181 Fc 111265 Fc 111818 Fc 117186 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 11630300 12119500 11141400 10683500 10668900
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 34588400 35583600 32116100 31650600 32099400
Rice, paddy Seed 686803 Fc 686803 Fc 686803 Fc 686803 Fc 670320 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 29739.9 Fc 29360.6 Fc 28825.9 Fc 29625.7 Fc 30086.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 14576 Im 14990 14325 13781 13645
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 225480 Im 226300 221946 231817 217394
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 154693 Fc 150967 Fc 154936 Fc 168215 Fc 159321 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1167970 A 1201120 A 1358080 A 1213320 A 1204170 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22373500 A 22454800 A 30540700 A 25589500 A 27352100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 8052.66 A 8052.66 A 8052.66 A 8052.66 A 7575.48 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 191559 Fc 186949 Fc 224882 Fc 210904 Fc 227146 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 6731 Im 7206 Im 7375 Im 8000 F 8000 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 7181 Im 8472 Im 8890 Im 9500 F 9517
Seed cotton Yield 10668.5 Fc 11756.9 Fc 12054.2 Fc 11875 Fc 11896.3 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 66211 66145 65769 65614 65430
Sesame seed Production Quantity 48840 47542 46039 44290 42939
Sesame seed Seed 827.64 Fc 827.64 Fc 826.81 Fc 822.11 Fc 820.18 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 7376.42 Fc 7187.54 Fc 7000.11 Fc 6750.08 Fc 6562.59 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 45 Im 42 Im 44 Im 50 Im 55 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 16 Im 15 Im 14 Im 28 Im 32 Im
Sisal Yield 3555.56 Fc 3571.43 Fc 3181.82 Fc 5600 Fc 5818.18 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 28341 28178 28726 32925 32267
Sorghum Production Quantity 52250 54030 54378 55234 56613
Sorghum Seed 430 Fc 430 Fc 430 Fc 430 Fc 430 Fc
Sorghum Yield 18436.2 Fc 19174.5 Fc 18929.9 Fc 16775.7 Fc 17545.2 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 89733 106291 106760 116684 126386
Soybeans Production Quantity 176152 177055 176152 186598 201291
Soybeans Seed 2936.25 Fc 2936.25 Fc 2936.25 Fc 2936.25 Fc 3208.75 Fc
Soybeans Yield 19630.7 Fc 16657.6 Fc 16499.8 Fc 15991.7 Fc 15926.7 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1826 Im 2038 Im 2026 Im 2011 Im 2000 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 2754 Im 3141 Im 3181 Im 3112 Im 3000 F
Spices, nes Yield 15082.2 Fc 15412.2 Fc 15700.9 Fc 15474.9 Fc 15000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 1259240 977956 932465 1029260 986220
Sugar cane Production Quantity 95950400 68807800 66816400 73501600 64365500
Sugar cane Yield 761971 Fc 703588 Fc 716557 Fc 714121 Fc 652649 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 25281 Im 27063 26413 26029 30567
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 20030 Im 23631 22395 19346 22999
Sunflower seed Yield 7922.95 Fc 8731.85 Fc 8478.78 Fc 7432.48 Fc 7524.13 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 25280 Im 23750 37122 43872 49896
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 360016 Im 280190 514678 647171 757328
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 142411 Fc 117975 Fc 138645 Fc 147513 Fc 151781 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 8080 Im 8309 Im 9395 Im 8393 Im 8330 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 89674 Im 90000 F 104395 Im 87377 Im 93500 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 110983 Fc 108316 Fc 111118 Fc 104107 Fc 112245 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 20214 19459 18635 18138 16958
Tea Production Quantity 73320 67241 63707 61557 57362
Tea Yield 36271.9 Fc 34555.2 Fc 34186.8 Fc 33938.1 Fc 33825.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 31565 31198 30836 31870 42570
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 67900 59540 62449 61930 58562
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 21511.2 Fc 19084.6 Fc 20252 Fc 19432.1 Fc 13756.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 5827 6013 6093 5917 6187
Tomatoes Production Quantity 118370 124930 145957 140437 122324
Tomatoes Yield 203141 Fc 207767 Fc 239549 Fc 237345 Fc 197711 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 30861 A 40370 A 41536 A 43089 A 43893 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 45042 A 58677 A 59184 A 62612 A 65048 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 14595.1 Fc 14534.8 Fc 14248.8 Fc 14530.9 Fc 14819.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 127420 Im 128185 126225 126785 125381
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1076290 Im 1097450 1077360 1067950 1113600
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 84467.9 Fc 85614.5 Fc 85352.4 Fc 84233.1 Fc 88817.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 513408 A 516490 A 505346 A 517116 A 534121 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3738950 A 3812470 A 3816910 A 3901710 A 4110570 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 72826.1 Fc 73815.1 Fc 75530.6 Fc 75451.3 Fc 76959.5 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 513408 A 516490 A 505346 A 517116 A 534121 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3738950 A 3812470 A 3816910 A 3901710 A 4110570 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 72826.1 Fc 73815.1 Fc 75530.6 Fc 75451.3 Fc 76959.5 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 41230 Im 41478 45289 51930 63886
Watermelons Production Quantity 517656 Im 527836 580188 671440 829885
Watermelons Yield 125553 Fc 127257 Fc 128108 Fc 129297 Fc 129901 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1114 Im 1160 Im 1070 Im 1031 Im 1025 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 1173 Im 1204 Im 1094 Im 1076 Im 1079 Im
Wheat Seed 170 F 170 F 170 F 170 F 170 F
Wheat Yield 10529.6 Fc 10379.3 Fc 10224.3 Fc 10436.5 Fc 10526.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Arecanuts Area Harvested 16000 F 13000 F 33500 F 17566 Im 16000 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 27000 F 22000 F 56000 F 27000 F 25000 F
Arecanuts Yield 16875 Fc 16923.1 Fc 16716.4 Fc 15370.6 Fc 15625 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 18606 20658 20046 17204 16876
Asparagus Production Quantity 78697 87144 98179 78464 67155
Asparagus Yield 42296.6 Fc 42184.1 Fc 48976.8 Fc 45608 Fc 39793.2 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 126505 118595 124378 148360 103200
Bananas Production Quantity 1676500 1623470 1078860 1399380 1312020
Bananas Yield 132524 Fc 136892 Fc 86740.4 Fc 94323.3 Fc 127134 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 10000 F 14000 F 12000 * 11500 * 7000 *
Barley Production Quantity 18000 F 27000 F 23000 F 22000 F 13595
Barley Yield 18000 Fc 19285.7 Fc 19166.7 Fc 19130.4 Fc 19421.4 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 145120 152800 177760 231680 273440
Beans, dry Production Quantity 112452 112000 134892 178000 216315
Beans, dry Seed 9129.6 Fc 17300 F 9744 Fc 11232 Fc 14592 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 7748.9 Fc 7329.84 Fc 7588.43 Fc 7683.01 Fc 7910.88 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 166726 172034 197432 248279 292674
Beans, green Production Quantity 301901 291039 297447 325133 382733
Beans, green Yield 18107.6 Fc 16917.5 Fc 15065.8 Fc 13095.5 Fc 13077.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 36413 38695 37527 39626 52995
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 478456 449025 482364 517811 854253
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 131397 Fc 116042 Fc 128538 Fc 130675 Fc 161195 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 73734 Im 74857 Im 73611 Im 75000 F 35000 F
Canary seed Production Quantity 29197 Im 29942.8 Fc 29444.4 Fc 30000 Fc 14000 Fc
Canary seed Yield 3959.77 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 27280 33968 26444 25415 20422
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 46377 60506 42126 43492 35345
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 17000.4 Fc 17812.7 Fc 15930.3 Fc 17112.7 Fc 17307.3 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1070810 985908 1057340 1021840 988220
Cassava Production Quantity 22584400 16938200 21440500 19717500 16868300
Cassava Yield 210910 Fc 171803 Fc 202778 Fc 192961 Fc 170694 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 12916 13407 12674 13270 13114
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 10171 10391 9813 9927 9724
Castor oil seed Seed 40.35 Fc 40.04 Fc 41.56 Fc 39.29 Fc 41.14 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 7874.73 Fc 7750.43 Fc 7742.62 Fc 7480.78 Fc 7414.98 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 2970 3381 3466 2896 3605
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 42741 47490 58489 40451 46438
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 143909 Fc 140461 Fc 168751 Fc 139679 Fc 128816 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 11319800 A 11463300 A 11270400 A 11434200 A 10941700 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 23895800 A 24519100 A 23564900 A 24127000 A 23155900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 696980 A 674980 A 673543 A 653695 A 663178 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 21109.7 Fc 21389.3 Fc 20908.6 Fc 21100.7 Fc 21163.1 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 42000 F 35000 F 30000 F 28000 F 27000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 105000 F 86000 F 75000 F 70000 F 66000 F
Cereals, nes Seed 2220 Fc 3000 F 1050 Fc 900 Fc 840 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 25000 Fc 24571.4 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc 24444.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11319800 A 11463300 A 11270400 A 11434200 A 10941700 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 33766500 A 34606300 A 33068100 A 33941700 A 32477200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 696980 A 674980 A 673543 A 653695 A 663178 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 29829.6 Fc 30188.9 Fc 29340.6 Fc 29684.3 Fc 29682.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 70388 69596 69452 69058 67685
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 156101 152164 150422 145644 141109
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 22177.2 Fc 21863.9 Fc 21658.4 Fc 21090.1 Fc 20847.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1000 F 1100 F 1200 1200 F 1250 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 13000 F 15000 F 16800 15500 F 15000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 130000 Fc 136364 Fc 140000 Fc 129167 Fc 120000 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 2500 F 1700 F 2700 F 1600 F 1298 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 9500 F 6500 F 10000 F 5900 F 4853 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 38000 Fc 38235.3 Fc 37037 Fc 36875 Fc 37388.3 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 132408 A 130981 A 116882 A 129057 A 137109 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1800460 A 1585690 A 1346750 A 1393830 A 1430600 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 135978 Fc 121063 Fc 115223 Fc 108001 Fc 104340 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1153630 A 1237290 A 1276600 A 1269320 A 1287140 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4123610 A 4313530 A 4529060 A 4467380 A 4484600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 23014.8 A 24810 A 23674 A 23944.8 A 23581.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 35744.8 Fc 34862.8 Fc 35477.6 Fc 35195.1 Fc 34841.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 465 469 468 665 930
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1097 1069 1167 1287 1026
Cocoa beans Yield 23591.4 Fc 22793.2 Fc 24935.9 Fc 19353.4 Fc 11032.3 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 258187 265403 270368 278417 293251
Coconuts Production Quantity 1815390 1940330 2125840 2117300 2037150
Coconuts Yield 70313 Fc 73108.8 Fc 78627.6 Fc 76047.8 Fc 69467.8 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 68780 69535 70932 70447 70289
Coffee, green Production Quantity 46873 59644 61765 53907 53447
Coffee, green Yield 6814.92 Fc 8577.55 Fc 8707.64 Fc 7652.14 Fc 7603.89 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 40000 F 40000 F 46000 F 32000 F 20000 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2754.04 Fc 4430.48 Fc 4507.96 Fc 4329.04 Fc 4439.92 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 6343.75 Fc 8790.63 Fc 8944.38 Fc 8589.38 Fc 8809.38 Fc
Cottonseed Seed 144 Fc 160 F 207.76 Fc 130.3 Fc 130.23 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 22779 23580 22164 21087 21859
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 256362 280840 271219 253042 266914
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 112543 Fc 119101 Fc 122369 Fc 119999 Fc 122107 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 1940 2167 3997 4573 5048
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 15080 17668 39258 59839 66650
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 77732 Fc 81532.1 Fc 98218.7 Fc 130853 Fc 132032 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 950 F 950 F 960 F 859 Im 950 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 950 F 950 F 960 F 826 Im 950 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 9615.83 Fc 10000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 53359 A 65787 A 58833 A 56575 A 63765 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 58139 A 70073.5 A 67810 A 65134 A 70517.9 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10895.8 Fc 10651.6 Fc 11525.8 Fc 11512.9 Fc 11059 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1133640 A 1130840 A 1068600 A 1068750 A 943287 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10850900 A 10076500 A 9762570 A 9559850 A 9586470 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 95716.7 Fc 89106 Fc 91358.6 Fc 89449.2 Fc 101628 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 21114 Im 20505 Im 18583 Im 17000 F 17500 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 358901 Im 289660 Im 278741 Im 252000 F 260000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 169982 Fc 141263 Fc 149998 Fc 148235 Fc 148571 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 458236 442860 417240 396614 374945
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2011890 2492250 2656830 2294070 2667330
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 43905.1 Fc 56276.3 Fc 63676.3 Fc 57841.4 Fc 71139.2 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 13331 16831 15516 20808 22085
Garlic Production Quantity 81376 106598 95909 104832 126423
Garlic Yield 61042.7 Fc 63334.3 Fc 61813 Fc 50380.6 Fc 57243.8 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 8208 7855 6673 10042 13533
Ginger Production Quantity 106710 139048 114676 166295 208135
Ginger Yield 130007 Fc 177018 Fc 171851 Fc 165599 Fc 153798 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 31658 30736 21662 26478 32322
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 295210 276628 197716 265750 267288
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 93249.7 Fc 90001.3 Fc 91273.2 Fc 100366 Fc 82695.4 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 4095 4038 2929 3715 2870
Grapes Production Quantity 70261 68468 47465 56831 50469
Grapes Yield 171578 Fc 169559 Fc 162052 Fc 152977 Fc 175850 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 38310 39894 39993 46082 68876
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 64648 66595 64868 76070 112149
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 3388.8 Fc 7000 F 4117 Fc 4135.9 Fc 4741.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 16875 Fc 16693 Fc 16219.8 Fc 16507.5 Fc 16282.7 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 1912 2601 2351 Im 3075 Im 3400 F
Jute Production Quantity 3187 4589 3021 Im 4347 Im 5000 F
Jute Yield 16668.4 Fc 17643.2 Fc 12849.9 Fc 14136.6 Fc 14705.9 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 6637 A 14704 A 12580 A 10311 A 14043 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 9427 A 19686 A 17332 A 14955 A 19095 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 14203.7 Fc 13388.2 Fc 13777.4 Fc 14503.9 Fc 13597.5 Fc
Kapok Fibre Production Quantity 45000 F 45000 F 45000 45000 46000
Kapok Fruit Area Harvested 36978 Im 38535 Im 38000 F 38100 F 38080
Kapok Fruit Production Quantity 136300 * 136300 * 136300 * 136300 * 139400 *
Kapok Fruit Yield 36859.8 Fc 35370.4 Fc 35868.4 Fc 35774.3 Fc 36607.1 Fc
Kapokseed in Shell Production Quantity 113129 Fc 113129 Fc 113129 Fc 113129 Fc 115702 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 215 F 200 F 200 F 183 Im 190 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1600 F 1500 F 1500 F 1318 Im 1400 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 74418.6 Fc 75000 Fc 75000 Fc 72021.9 Fc 73684.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 17574 17645 17957 28980 33973
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 173449 173661 166909 215916 242708
Lemons and limes Yield 98696.4 Fc 98419.4 Fc 92949.3 Fc 74505.2 Fc 71441.4 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3450 2927 3570 2858 3864
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 27173 29567 30340 24486 35288
Lettuce and chicory Yield 78762.3 Fc 101015 Fc 84986 Fc 85675.3 Fc 91325.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 995614 1072720 1125120 1103270 1146670
Maize Production Quantity 3918330 4093630 4341470 4248990 4259290
Maize Seed 20364.8 Fc 20950 F 22099.2 Fc 22528 Fc 22218.1 Fc
Maize Yield 39355.9 Fc 38161.2 Fc 38586.7 Fc 38512.7 Fc 37144.9 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 26634 34424 38295 34617 36032
Maize, green Production Quantity 221909 247979 305094 249144 255221
Maize, green Yield 83317.9 Fc 72036.7 Fc 79669.4 Fc 71971.6 Fc 70831.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 281988 310118 283505 275144 209231
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 2093220 1802670 1975020 1955310 1775530
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 74230.8 Fc 58128.5 Fc 69664.4 Fc 71065 Fc 84859.8 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 6964 Im 9123 Im 10000 F 8503 Im 9035 Im
Natural rubber Area Harvested 1742900 1691100 1655990 1600640 1553760
Natural rubber Production Quantity 3070520 2979720 3006720 2860090 2633120
Natural rubber Yield 17617.3 Fc 17620 Fc 18156.6 Fc 17868.4 Fc 16946.8 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 20000 F 19000 F 19000 F 19000 F 18000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 25000 F 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F 22000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 12500 Fc 12105.3 Fc 12105.3 Fc 12105.3 Fc 12222.2 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 379872 324193 309165 287903 263018
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 6715040 5002670 5181800 4902580 4001380
Oil palm fruit Yield 176771 Fc 154311 Fc 167606 Fc 170286 Fc 152133 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 957986 A 930617 A 903098 A 916702 A 949811 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 524780 A 535360 A 540214 A 552689 A 572065 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 4720.78 A 6238.25 A 5088.92 A 5245.51 A 5463.82 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5477.95 Fc 5752.74 Fc 5981.79 Fc 6029.1 Fc 6022.93 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 970902 A 944024 A 915772 A 929972 A 962925 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1622600 A 1249710 A 1306040 A 1352510 A 1125960 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 2077.95 A 3194.07 A 2318.19 A 2349.29 A 2528.11 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 16712.3 Fc 13238.1 Fc 14261.6 Fc 14543.6 Fc 11693.1 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 17424 17325 17828 16348 16073
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 225378 213060 232537 173336 193899
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 129349 Fc 122978 Fc 130434 Fc 106029 Fc 120636 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1420 1866 2275 1955 2728
Onions, dry Production Quantity 38427 57355 88500 37881 69292
Onions, dry Yield 270613 Fc 307369 Fc 389011 Fc 193765 Fc 254003 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 22723 Im 22068 Im 20000 F 19467 Im 19000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 450653 Im 363710 Im 350000 F 371401 Im 340000 F
Oranges Yield 198325 Fc 164813 Fc 175000 Fc 190785 Fc 178947 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 4725 12103 10229 7236 10643
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 6240 15097 14311 10608 14095
Other Bastfibres Yield 13206.4 Fc 12473.8 Fc 13990.6 Fc 14660 Fc 13243.5 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 191000 * 158000 * 168000 * 157000 * 137000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 1167130 783953 820838 863835 641608
Papayas Area Harvested 8171 5534 16077 17436 18966
Papayas Production Quantity 134443 30961 277923 309003 351693
Papayas Yield 164537 Fc 55946.9 Fc 172870 Fc 177221 Fc 185433 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 396 320 330 443 346
Peas, green Production Quantity 4265 3617 3522 5439 3572
Peas, green Yield 107702 Fc 113031 Fc 106727 Fc 122777 Fc 103237 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 3027 3120 3152 3184 2440
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 12156 13837 12952 12810 10197
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 40158.6 Fc 44349.4 Fc 41091.4 Fc 40232.4 Fc 41791 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 101125 98208 89004 81420 79466
Pineapples Production Quantity 2705180 2183280 2100980 1899420 1738830
Pineapples Yield 267509 Fc 222312 Fc 236055 Fc 233287 Fc 218814 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 7759 7538 6969 6669 8066
Potatoes Production Quantity 118569 113881 99813 86732 97370
Potatoes Seed 8015.04 Fc 7000 F 7523.01 Fc 6782.49 Fc 6951.78 Fc
Potatoes Yield 152815 Fc 151076 Fc 143224 Fc 130052 Fc 120717 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 79000 F 79000 F 79000 F 79000 F 57000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 80000 F 80000 F 80000 F 80000 F 58000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 4150 Fc 4150 F 4150 Fc 4150 Fc 4150 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10126.6 Fc 10126.6 Fc 10126.6 Fc 10126.6 Fc 10175.4 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 224120 A 231800 A 256760 A 310680 A 330440 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 192452 A 192000 A 214892 A 258000 A 274315 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 13279.6 A 21450 A 13894 A 15382 A 18742 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8587.01 Fc 8283 Fc 8369.37 Fc 8304.36 Fc 8301.51 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 11657 11297 25055 17497 24138
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 130783 140985 298969 204036 322877
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 112193 Fc 124799 Fc 119325 Fc 116612 Fc 133763 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 10165200 10225000 9992870 10163900 9653530
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 29641900 30291900 28538200 29473500 27991800
Rice, paddy Seed 673795 Fc 650000 F 649699 Fc 629580 Fc 639427 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 29160.2 Fc 29625.3 Fc 28558.6 Fc 28998.2 Fc 28996.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 12369 10538 10527 9023 7457
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 183527 151887 191338 147547 135789
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 148377 Fc 144133 Fc 181759 Fc 163523 Fc 182096 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1098540 A 1010980 A 1081340 A 1043530 A 1008920 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22965000 A 17282400 A 21804500 A 20019000 A 17157900 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 8015.04 A 7000 A 7523.01 A 6782.49 A 6951.78 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 209051 Fc 170946 Fc 201644 Fc 191839 Fc 170062 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 8743 11542 7239 7235 10644
Seed cotton Production Quantity 10150 14065 14311 13743 14095
Seed cotton Yield 11609.3 Fc 12185.9 Fc 19769.3 Fc 18995.2 Fc 13242.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 65035 64838 63738 63504 63250
Sesame seed Production Quantity 41054 42144 41031 40484 39532
Sesame seed Seed 817.88 Fc 815 F 810.48 Fc 796.73 Fc 793.8 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6312.6 Fc 6499.89 Fc 6437.45 Fc 6375.03 Fc 6250.12 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 51 Im 56 Im 54 Im 70 F 48 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 29 Im 28 Im 31 Im 45 F 31 Im
Sisal Yield 5686.27 Fc 5000 Fc 5740.74 Fc 6428.57 Fc 6458.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 32278 40712 35868 51549 71468
Sorghum Production Quantity 53085 76960 60150 96388 131716
Sorghum Seed 430 Fc 860 F 524.8 Fc 516.8 Fc 523.2 Fc
Sorghum Yield 16446.2 Fc 18903.5 Fc 16769.8 Fc 18698.3 Fc 18430.1 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 137640 144192 145938 149706 174838
Soybeans Production Quantity 214773 225718 217514 230516 259863
Soybeans Seed 3724.65 Fc 3900 F 3804 Fc 4052 Fc 4038.93 Fc
Soybeans Yield 15604 Fc 15654 Fc 14904.5 Fc 15397.9 Fc 14863.1 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2396 Im 2470 Im 2471 Im 2521 Im 1900 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 3397 Im 3867 Im 3619 Im 3580 Im 2850 F
Spices, nes Yield 14177.8 Fc 15655.9 Fc 14645.9 Fc 14200.7 Fc 15000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 942396 1035230 1111170 1105110 986019
Sugar cane Production Quantity 47658100 49586400 64995700 74258500 60013000
Sugar cane Yield 505712 Fc 478989 Fc 584930 Fc 671956 Fc 608639 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 33221 42020 28657 45755 37854
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 24229 38176 22090 32324 29175
Sunflower seed Yield 7293.28 Fc 9085.2 Fc 7708.41 Fc 7064.58 Fc 7707.24 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 57953 58832 54563 52532 50516
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 871644 765195 622123 534864 575747
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 150405 Fc 130064 Fc 114019 Fc 101817 Fc 113973 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 7600 Im 7000 F 6500 F 6000 F 5181 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 78500 F 78400 F 72800 F 67200 F 56476 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 103289 Fc 112000 Fc 112000 Fc 112000 Fc 109006 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 16024 15289 14992 10769 8602
Tea Production Quantity 53782 51570 51817 43333 36321
Tea Yield 33563.4 Fc 33730.1 Fc 34563.1 Fc 40238.7 Fc 42223.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 32120 30497 30502 37074 32780
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 65835 71953 68249 75290 77693
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 20496.6 Fc 23593.5 Fc 22375.3 Fc 20308 Fc 23701.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 6057 7665 7901 7817 7689
Tomatoes Production Quantity 122849 196322 207430 194714 129199
Tomatoes Yield 202822 Fc 256128 Fc 262536 Fc 249090 Fc 168031 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 47280 A 52968 A 45444 A 44415 A 38422 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 71377 A 83506 A 65126 A 66492 A 57345 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 15096.7 Fc 15765.4 Fc 14331 Fc 14970.6 Fc 14925 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 119072 118968 121616 116662 110328
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 990833 1022970 1086970 1021020 945163
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 83212.9 Fc 85987 Fc 89377.2 Fc 87519.5 Fc 85668.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 502796 A 516161 A 588766 A 624994 A 647001 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3828350 A 3865630 A 4071340 A 3675480 A 4313970 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 76141.3 Fc 74891.9 Fc 69150.4 Fc 58808.2 Fc 66676.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 502796 A 516161 A 588766 A 624994 A 647001 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3828350 A 3865630 A 4071340 A 3675480 A 4313970 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 76141.3 Fc 74891.9 Fc 69150.4 Fc 58808.2 Fc 66676.4 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 52706 42723 70348 70941 29221
Watermelons Production Quantity 790559 648343 446813 360527 523461
Watermelons Yield 149994 Fc 151755 Fc 63514.7 Fc 50820.7 Fc 179139 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 976 Im 991 Im 975 Im 993 Im 982 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 1000 F 901 Im 862 Im 822 Im 799 Im
Wheat Seed 170 F 170 F 170 F 170 F 170 F
Wheat Yield 10245.9 Fc 9091.83 Fc 8841.03 Fc 8277.95 Fc 8136.46 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 21060 Fm 21060 Fm 20879.4 Fm 20050 Fm 19800 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 34.1 I 30.8 I 22.2 I 24.6 I
Arable land Area 15760 Fm 15760 Fm 15695.4 Fm 15250 Fm 15200 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 20260 Fm 20260 Fm 20079.4 Fm 19250 Fm 19000 Fm
Country area Area 51312 W 51312 W 51312 Q 51312 W 51312 W
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 18986.8 Fm 18972 Q 18957.2 Fm 18942.4 Fm 18927.6 Fm
Inland water Area 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm
Land area Area 51089 Fm 51089 Fm 51089 Fm 51089 Fm 51089 Fm
Other land Area 11042.2 Fm 11057 Fm 11252.4 Fm 12096.6 Fm 12361.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4500 Fm 4500 Fm 4384 W 4000 Fm 3800 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 6415 Fm 6415 Fm 6415 Fm 6415 Fm 6415 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 19700 Fm 19610 Fm 19555 Fm 19554 Fm 19689 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 21.7 I 21.7 I
Arable land Area 15200 Fm 15200 Fm 15200 Fm 15200 Fm 15389 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 18900 Fm 18810 Fm 18755 Fm 18754 Fm 18889 Fm
Country area Area 51312 W 51312 W 51312 W 51312 Q 51312 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 18912.8 Fm 18898 Q 18919.2 Fm 18940.4 Fm 18961.6 Fm
Inland water Area 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm 223 Fm
Land area Area 51089 Q 51089 Fm 51089 Fm 51089 Q 51089 Q
Other land Area 12476.2 Fm 12581 Fm 12614.8 Fm 12594.6 Fm 12438.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3700 Fm 3610 Fm 3555 Fm 3554 Q 3500 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 F 800 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 6305 Fm 6187 Fm 6070 Fm 5950 Fm 5830 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files