Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Swaziland

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Datasheet

Swaziland

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Swaziland
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 173,600
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,147,616
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$2,560
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$2,934,145,280
  • GDP: US$2,893,574,656
  • Agriculture, value added: US$181,297,920

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present Bové and Garnier, 1994.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present EPPO, 2014; De Milliano et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt) Present Anon, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesCMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Weldon et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma hebraeum Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present IPPC, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced Nakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Geertsema et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer) Present Hall, 1955.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Sithole et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Morant, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Introduced YesBevan, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present NHM, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Walker, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Restricted distribution UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Restricted distribution Introduced YesIPPC, 2017b; Abrahams et al., 2017; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesMundy and Herremans, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Daneel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoRoux, 2003; SNTC, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Localised Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present de Wet, 1993; Greathead and deGroot, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2002; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native Holm and et al. , 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoGrabandt, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced YesBioNET-EAFRINET, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Restricted distribution Native NoVisser, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Widespread Native NoKleinjan and Edwards, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Struwig and Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGoodall & Erasmus, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present Introduced Swaziland's Alien Plants database, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced Swaziland National Trust Commission, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotyledon orbiculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum bulbispermum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native YesRaimondo et al., 2009; SANBI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Native Gibbs Russell et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced ZPD, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Gibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Clayton et al., 2014. Gibbs-Russell et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Native NoPROTA, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced CJBG SAMBI, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced YesSwaziland National Trust Commission, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesRobertson et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Gibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Quattrocchi, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Johnson et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Parker and Dean, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced Swaziland National Trust Commission, 2013; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoGibbs et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced Henderson, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Native Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009; EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree ) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Native USDA-ARS, 2008; Swaziland National Trust Commission, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio pterophorus (African daisy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Introduced YesWells et al., 1986b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoWelman, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Introduced YesHenderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present Introduced ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced NoAmusan et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Widespread Native NoOudtshoorn F van, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Present NoeMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Widespread Native YesParker and Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Present M'Boob, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoAfrica Plants Database, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Native OIE, 2004a; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Present OIE, 2012; OIE, 2004a.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Office International des Epizooties(1999); OIE, 2012.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012; Wedderburn et al., 1991.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2012; AU-IBAR, 2011.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesJames, 1947.
Chytridiomycosis Present Weldon et al., 2004.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
contagious ecthyma Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Last reported OIE, 2012.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; Faulkner, 1948.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
leptospirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Last reported OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria parva infections Localised Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F 814 Im
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 1205 Im 1012 Im 964 Im 964 Im 874 Im
Almonds, with shell Yield 15062.5 Fc 12650 Fc 12050 Fc 12050 Fc 10737.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 130 F 125 F 120 F 119 Im 100 F
Avocados Production Quantity 723 Im 800 F 689 Im 750 F 650 F
Avocados Yield 55615.4 Fc 64000 Fc 57416.7 Fc 63025.2 Fc 65000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 960 F 955 F 950 F 930 F 1300 F
Bananas Production Quantity 5800 F 5750 F 5700 F 5685 Im 6000 F
Bananas Yield 60416.7 Fc 60209.4 Fc 60000 Fc 61129 Fc 46153.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 2936 Im 3500 F 3300 F 3050 F 3018 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 883 Im 1100 F 1050 F 975 F 950 F
Beans, dry Seed 73.4 Fc 73.4 Fc 87.5 Fc 82.5 Fc 76.25 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 3007.49 Fc 3142.86 Fc 3181.82 Fc 3196.72 Fc 3147.78 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 48666 A 56235 A 53771 A 61529 A 48431 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 55852.4 A 68890 A 57862.4 A 60803.7 A 26877 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1955.22 A 1955.22 A 2255.2 A 2153.22 A 2464.76 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 11476.7 Fc 12250.4 Fc 10760.9 Fc 9882.12 Fc 5549.55 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 48666 A 56235 A 53771 A 61529 A 48431 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 55883 A 68925 A 57905 A 60838 A 26907 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1955.22 A 1955.22 A 2255.2 A 2153.22 A 2464.76 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 11483 Fc 12256.6 Fc 10768.8 Fc 9887.7 Fc 5555.74 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 41 Im 40 F 26 Im 42 F 33 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 226 Im 215 F 201 Im 222 Im 215 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 55121.9 Fc 53750 Fc 77307.7 Fc 52857.1 Fc 65151.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12204 A 11800 A 11212 A 11205 A 11475 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 82365 A 81325 A 73699 A 74789 A 76252 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 67490.2 Fc 68919.5 Fc 65732.3 Fc 66746.1 Fc 66450.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 48306 A 55900 A 53454 A 61232 A 48179 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 55163 A 68370 A 57357 A 60372 A 26492 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1915.3 A 1915.3 A 2218 A 2117.98 A 2431.74 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 11419.5 Fc 12230.8 Fc 10730.2 Fc 9859.55 Fc 5498.66 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 590 F 590 F 540 F 460 F 360 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1180 F 1180 F 720 F 720 F 720
Cottonseed Seed 59 Fc 59 Fc 59 Fc 36 Fc 36 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 2038 Im 1920 F 1850 F 1800 F 1750 F
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 646 Im 800 F 874 Im 750 F 730 F
Cow peas, dry Seed 81.52 Fc 81.52 Fc 76.8 Fc 74 Fc 72 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 3169.77 Fc 4166.67 Fc 4724.32 Fc 4166.67 Fc 4171.43 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 100 F 95 F 92 Im 90 F 90 F
Dates Production Quantity 320 F 300 F 280 Im 295 Im 286 Im
Dates Yield 32000 Fc 31579 Fc 30434.8 Fc 32777.8 Fc 31777.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2521 A 2950 A 1115 A 1800 A 1800 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 590 A 590 A 540 A 460 A 360 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2340.34 Fc 2000 Fc 4843.05 Fc 2555.56 Fc 2000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15369 A 14847 A 14183 A 14028 A 14551 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 125988 A 120655 A 111163 A 111236 A 108714 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 81975.4 Fc 81265.6 Fc 78377.6 Fc 79295.7 Fc 74712.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 764 Im 750 F 763 Im 690 Im 715 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 4737 Im 4500 F 4380 F 4357 Im 4229 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 62002.6 Fc 60000 Fc 57405 Fc 63144.9 Fc 59146.8 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 5000 F 4800 F 4729 Im 4511 Im 4491 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 37300 F 37000 F 36000 F 35000 F 34634 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 74600 Fc 77083.3 Fc 76126 Fc 77588.1 Fc 77118.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 7853 Im 7500 F 7635 Im 7325 Im 5510 P
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2701 Im 3700 F 3645 Im 3471 Im 3004 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 471.18 Fc 471.18 Fc 450 Fc 458.1 Fc 439.5 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 3439.45 Fc 4933.33 Fc 4774.07 Fc 4738.57 Fc 5451.91 Fc
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1144 Im 950 F 848 Im 954 Im 808 Im
Maize Area Harvested 47459 Im 55000 F 52445 P 60355 47409
Maize Production Quantity 54857 Im 68000 F 57007 Im 60012 26170
Maize Seed 1898.36 Fc 1898.36 Fc 2200 Fc 2097.8 Fc 2414.2 Fc
Maize Yield 11558.8 Fc 12363.6 Fc 10869.9 Fc 9943.17 Fc 5520.05 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 28 Im 22 F 20 F 18 Im 16 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 104 Im 130 F 115 F 110 F 97 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 37142.9 Fc 59090.9 Fc 57500 Fc 61111.1 Fc 60625 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 10374 A 10450 A 8750 A 9125 A 7310 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1628.18 A 2007.8 A 1752.3 A 1686.18 A 1508.72 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 209.14 A 209.14 A 201.09 A 192.44 A 185.37 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 1569.48 Fc 1921.34 Fc 2002.63 Fc 1847.87 Fc 2063.91 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 10374 A 10450 A 8750 A 9125 A 7310 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 999.1 A 1298.8 A 1208.7 A 1156.5 A 1016.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 150.79 A 150.79 A 144.44 A 143.19 A 137.61 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 963.08 Fc 1242.87 Fc 1381.37 Fc 1267.4 Fc 1390.42 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 7000 F 6800 F 6300 F 6500 F 6800 F
Oranges Production Quantity 43000 F 42500 F 36000 F 38000 F 40000 F
Oranges Yield 61428.6 Fc 62500 Fc 57142.9 Fc 58461.5 Fc 58823.5 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 928 Im 850 F 800 F 763 Im 643 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 30533 Im 26500 F 25000 F 24000 F 20000 F
Pineapples Yield 329019 Fc 311765 Fc 312500 Fc 314548 Fc 311042 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 255 Im 250 F 226 Im 213 Im 212 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1406 Im 1350 F 1300 F 1250 F 1200 F
Plums and sloes Yield 55137.3 Fc 54000 Fc 57522.1 Fc 58685.4 Fc 56603.8 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 3700 F 3600 F 3505 Im 3006 Im 3144 Im
Potatoes Production Quantity 7300 F 7200 F 7100 F 6757 Im 6353 Im
Potatoes Seed 2220 Fc 2220 Fc 2160 Fc 2103 Fc 1803.6 Fc
Potatoes Yield 19729.7 Fc 20000 Fc 20256.8 Fc 22478.4 Fc 20206.7 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1380 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1200 F 1150 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 1339 Im 1350 F 1250 F 1220 F 1150 F
Pulses, nes Seed 69 Fc 69 Fc 65 Fc 62.5 Fc 60 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 9702.9 Fc 10384.6 Fc 10000 Fc 10166.7 Fc 10000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6354 A 6720 A 6400 A 6050 A 5918 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2868 A 3250 A 3174 A 2945 A 2830 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 223.92 A 223.92 A 229.3 A 219 A 208.25 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4513.69 Fc 4836.31 Fc 4959.38 Fc 4867.77 Fc 4782.02 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 32 Im 35 F 37 Im 35 Im 32 Im
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 92 Im 105 F 128 Im 103 Im 90 Im
Rice, paddy Seed 3.84 Fc 3.84 Fc 4.2 Fc 4.44 Fc 4.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 28750 Fc 30000 Fc 34594.6 Fc 29428.6 Fc 28125 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8237 Im 8000 F 7900 F 7500 F 7000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 57428 Im 55000 F 54000 F 51696 Im 48725 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 69719.6 Fc 68750 Fc 68354.4 Fc 68928 Fc 69607.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13238 A 13000 A 13252 A 11864 A 11519 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 66933 A 64800 A 63600 A 60828 A 57554 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2220 A 2220 A 2160 A 2103 A 1803.6 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 50561.3 Fc 49846.2 Fc 47992.8 Fc 51271.1 Fc 49964.4 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 2521 Im 2950 F 1115 Im 1800 F 1800
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1396 Im 1800 F 854 Im 1100 F 1100 *
Seed cotton Yield 5537.49 Fc 6101.69 Fc 7659.19 Fc 6111.11 Fc 6111.11 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 847 Im 900 F 1009 Im 877 Im 770 Im
Sorghum Production Quantity 306 Im 370 F 350 F 360 F 322 Im
Sorghum Seed 16.94 Fc 16.94 Fc 18 Fc 20.18 Fc 17.54 Fc
Sorghum Yield 3612.75 Fc 4111.11 Fc 3468.78 Fc 4104.9 Fc 4181.82 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 52000 F 52000 F 52000 F 52000 F 52233
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5000000 F 5000000 F 5000000 F 5000000 F 5000000 F
Sugar cane Yield 961538 Fc 961538 Fc 961538 Fc 961538 Fc 957249 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1301 Im 1400 F 1847 Im 1358 Im 1375 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2205 Im 2600 F 2500 F 2375 Im 2476 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 16948.5 Fc 18571.4 Fc 13535.5 Fc 17489 Fc 18007.3 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 163 Im 160 F 157 Im 152 Im 151 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 695 Im 660 F 650 F 613 Im 595 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 42638 Fc 41250 Fc 41401.3 Fc 40328.9 Fc 39404 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 310 F 310 F 310 Im 274 Im 211 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 108 Im 105 Im 114 Im 111 Im 104 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 3483.87 Fc 3387.1 Fc 3677.42 Fc 4051.09 Fc 4928.91 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 369 Im 380 F 350 F 333 Im 301 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 4800 F 4750 F 4350 F 4143 Im 3781 Im
Tomatoes Yield 130081 Fc 125000 Fc 124286 Fc 124414 Fc 125615 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 800 A 800 A 800 A 800 A 814 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1205 A 1012 A 964 A 964 A 874 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 15062.5 Fc 12650 Fc 12050 Fc 12050 Fc 10737.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1227 Im 1300 F 1631 Im 1228 Im 1192 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 7800 F 7700 F 7500 F 7484 Im 6899 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 63569.7 Fc 59230.8 Fc 45984.1 Fc 60944.6 Fc 57877.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1596 A 1680 A 1981 A 1561 A 1493 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12600 A 12450 A 11850 A 11627 A 10680 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 78947.4 Fc 74107.1 Fc 59818.3 Fc 74484.3 Fc 71533.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1596 A 1680 A 1981 A 1561 A 1493 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12600 A 12450 A 11850 A 11627 A 10680 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 78947.4 Fc 74107.1 Fc 59818.3 Fc 74484.3 Fc 71533.8 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 328 Im 300 F 280 F 262 Im 220 F
Wheat Production Quantity 628 Im 450 F 420 F 363 Im 325 F
Wheat Seed 36.08 Fc 36.08 Fc 33 Fc 30.8 Fc 28.82 Fc
Wheat Yield 19146.3 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 13855 Fc 14772.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 800 F 523 Im 500 F 520 F 720 F
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 750 F 561 Im 480 F 500 F 700 F
Almonds, with shell Yield 9375 Fc 10726.6 Fc 9600 Fc 9615.38 Fc 9722.22 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 80 F 55 F 59 Im 60 F 36 F
Avocados Production Quantity 500 F 280 F 258 Im 350 F 210 F
Avocados Yield 62500 Fc 50909.1 Fc 43728.8 Fc 58333.3 Fc 58333.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 480 F 330 F 160 F 121 Im 119 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 3000 F 2000 F 1000 F 796 Im 738 Im
Bananas Yield 62500 Fc 60606.1 Fc 62500 Fc 65785.1 Fc 62016.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 3471 Im 2581 Im 2537 Im 2740 Im 2507 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 1100 F 815 F 806 Im 850 F 735 Im
Beans, dry Seed 75.45 Fc 86.78 Fc 64.53 Fc 63.43 Fc 68.5 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 3169.12 Fc 3157.69 Fc 3176.98 Fc 3102.19 Fc 2931.79 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 47903 A 57546 A 55552 A 69022 A 69244 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 67696.4 A 75172.7 A 68665 A 69861.4 A 68214 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1939.8 A 1912.85 A 2298.27 A 2218.65 A 2756.21 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14132 Fc 13063.1 Fc 12360.5 Fc 10121.6 Fc 9851.25 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 47903 A 57546 A 55552 A 69022 A 69244 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 67730 A 75210 A 68699 A 69896 A 68248 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1939.8 A 1912.85 A 2298.27 A 2218.65 A 2756.21 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 14139 Fc 13069.5 Fc 12366.6 Fc 10126.6 Fc 9856.16 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 42 F 40 F 40 F 51 Im 40 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 210 F 209 Im 211 Im 216 Im 200 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 50000 Fc 52250 Fc 52750 Fc 42352.9 Fc 50000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 10997 A 11112 A 11025 A 11465 A 9531 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 77692 A 81257 A 81397 A 83166 A 78390 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 70648.4 Fc 73125.4 Fc 73829.5 Fc 72539 Fc 82247.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 47736 A 57341 A 55354 A 68781 A 69001 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 67451 A 74900 A 68416 A 69608 A 67966 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1911.76 A 1894.18 A 2275.32 A 2196.48 A 2729.26 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14130 Fc 13062.2 Fc 12359.7 Fc 10120.2 Fc 9850 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 480 F 1560 F 1600 F 600 F 1900 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 984 3168 3209 1221 4000
Cottonseed Seed 36 Fc 18 Fc 100 Fc 56 Fc 70 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 1700 F 1800 F 1790 F 1770 F 1750 F
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 700 F 755 F 750 F 740 F 720 F
Cow peas, dry Seed 70 Fc 68 Fc 72 Fc 71.6 Fc 70.8 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4117.65 Fc 4194.44 Fc 4189.94 Fc 4180.79 Fc 4114.29 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 90 F 65 F 60 Im 72 Im 60 F
Dates Production Quantity 280 F 210 Im 211 Im 216 Im 200 F
Dates Yield 31111.1 Fc 32307.7 Fc 35166.7 Fc 30000 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 900 A 5000 A 2800 A 3500 A 10700 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 480 A 1560 A 1600 A 600 A 1900 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5333.33 Fc 3120 Fc 5714.29 Fc 1714.29 Fc 1775.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13260 A 13229 A 12849 A 13249 A 11443 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 107820 A 109312 A 123457 A 118754 A 116796 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 81312.2 Fc 82630.6 Fc 96083 Fc 89632.4 Fc 102068 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 703 Im 710 Im 704 Im 698 Im 731 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 4136 Im 4030 Im 4045 Im 4132 Im 3833 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 58833.6 Fc 56760.6 Fc 57457.4 Fc 59197.7 Fc 52435 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 4318 Im 4364 Im 4330 Im 4294 Im 4498 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 37000 F 40000 F 38047 Im 41000 F 38000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 85687.8 Fc 91659 Fc 87868.4 Fc 95482.1 Fc 84482 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5500 F 5510 P 5600 F 5500 F 5510 P
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4100 F 4262 Im 4300 F 4100 P 4200 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 330.6 Fc 330 Fc 330.6 Fc 336 Fc 330 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7454.55 Fc 7735.03 Fc 7678.57 Fc 7454.55 Fc 7622.5 Fc
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 900 F 448 Im 559 Im 500 F 1800 F
Maize Area Harvested 46973 56425 54470 67682 67898
Maize Production Quantity 67127 74540 68087 69273 67639
Maize Seed 1896.36 Fc 1878.92 Fc 2257 Fc 2178.8 Fc 2707.28 Fc
Maize Yield 14290.5 Fc 13210.5 Fc 12499.9 Fc 10235.1 Fc 9961.85 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 15 F 18 F 16 F 15 Im 16 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 112 F 135 F 120 F 135 Im 125 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 74666.7 Fc 75000 Fc 75000 Fc 90000 Fc 78125 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 6400 A 10510 A 8400 A 9000 A 16210 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2059.84 A 3235.24 A 3270.59 A 2180.71 A 3636 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 143.99 A 134.58 A 176.63 A 156.24 A 161.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3218.5 Fc 3078.25 Fc 3893.56 Fc 2423.01 Fc 2243.06 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6400 A 10510 A 8400 A 9000 A 16210 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1387.44 A 1785.48 A 1803.44 A 1425.36 A 1900 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 104.94 A 101.88 A 115.18 A 109.76 A 110.2 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2167.88 Fc 1698.84 Fc 2146.95 Fc 1583.73 Fc 1172.12 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 6483 Im 6552 Im 6500 F 7000 F 4888 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 39000 F 40000 F 42000 F 41000 F 38000 F
Oranges Yield 60157.3 Fc 61050.1 Fc 64615.4 Fc 58571.4 Fc 77741.4 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 690 F 679 Im 674 Im 668 Im 700 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 21000 F 20000 F 35500 F 29159 Im 32000 F
Pineapples Yield 304348 Fc 294551 Fc 526706 Fc 436512 Fc 457143 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 205 F 260 F 151 Im 150 F 250 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1100 F 1400 F 926 Im 800 F 1300 F
Plums and sloes Yield 53658.5 Fc 53846.2 Fc 61324.5 Fc 53333.3 Fc 52000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 3000 F 3350 F 3380 Im 3250 F 3100 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 6000 F 6700 F 7819 Im 6500 F 6200 F
Potatoes Seed 1886.4 Fc 1800 Fc 2010 Fc 2028 Fc 1950 Fc
Potatoes Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 23133.1 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1100 F 1300 F 1900 F 1400 F 1200 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 1100 F 1300 F 1900 F 1500 F 1200 F
Pulses, nes Seed 57.5 Fc 55 Fc 65 Fc 95 Fc 70 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10714.3 Fc 10000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6271 A 5681 A 6227 A 5910 A 5457 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2900 A 2870 A 3456 A 3090 A 2655 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 202.95 A 209.78 A 201.53 A 230.03 A 209.3 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4624.46 Fc 5051.93 Fc 5550.02 Fc 5228.43 Fc 4865.31 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 30 Im 40 Im 39 Im 44 Im 45 Im
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 101 Im 112 Im 102 Im 104 Im 102 Im
Rice, paddy Seed 3.84 Fc 3.6 Fc 4.8 Fc 4.68 Fc 5.28 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 33666.7 Fc 28000 Fc 26153.8 Fc 23636.4 Fc 22666.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 6700 F 6900 F 6800 F 6979 Im 6700 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 46000 F 47000 F 46500 F 41852 Im 46000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 68656.7 Fc 68115.9 Fc 68382.4 Fc 59968.5 Fc 68656.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11000 A 11700 A 11636 A 11629 A 11152 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 54300 A 56300 A 57052 A 50852 A 54436 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1886.4 A 1800 A 2010 A 2028 A 1950 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 49363.6 Fc 48119.7 Fc 49030.6 Fc 43728.6 Fc 48812.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 900 5000 2800 3500 10700
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1500 * 4870 * 4900 * 1850 * 6000 *
Seed cotton Yield 16666.7 Fc 9740 Fc 17500 Fc 5285.71 Fc 5607.48 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 763 Im 916 Im 884 Im 1099 Im 1103 Im
Sorghum Production Quantity 324 Im 360 Im 329 Im 335 Im 327 Im
Sorghum Seed 15.4 Fc 15.26 Fc 18.32 Fc 17.68 Fc 21.98 Fc
Sorghum Yield 4246.4 Fc 3930.13 Fc 3721.72 Fc 3048.23 Fc 2964.64 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 52196 50932 49932 48307 * 46500 *
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5000000 5200000 4800000 F 4600000 F 4600000 F
Sugar cane Yield 957928 Fc 1020970 Fc 961307 Fc 952243 Fc 989247 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1300 F 1450 F 1456 Im 1400 F 1352 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2300 F 2600 F 2733 Im 2500 F 2236 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 17692.3 Fc 17931 Fc 18770.6 Fc 17857.1 Fc 16538.5 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 154 Im 156 Im 155 F 120 F 105 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 582 Im 600 F 580 F 450 F 390 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 37792.2 Fc 38461.5 Fc 37419.3 Fc 37500 Fc 37142.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 219 Im 243 Im 253 Im 181 Im 196 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 85 Im 93 Im 84 Im 83 Im 73 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 3881.28 Fc 3827.16 Fc 3320.16 Fc 4585.64 Fc 3724.49 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 270 F 290 F 280 F 261 Im 270
Tomatoes Production Quantity 3400 F 3600 F 3500 F 3123 Im 3400
Tomatoes Yield 125926 Fc 124138 Fc 125000 Fc 119655 Fc 125926 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 800 A 523 A 500 A 520 A 720 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 750 A 561 A 480 A 500 A 700 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 9375 Fc 10726.6 Fc 9600 Fc 9615.38 Fc 9722.22 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1199 Im 1293 Im 1199 Im 1212 Im 1084 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 6399 Im 7395 Im 7419 Im 7528 Im 7570 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 53369.5 Fc 57192.6 Fc 61876.6 Fc 62112.2 Fc 69833.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1469 A 1583 A 1479 A 1473 A 1354 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9799 A 10995 A 10919 A 10651 A 10970 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 66705.2 Fc 69456.7 Fc 73826.9 Fc 72308.2 Fc 81019.2 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1469 A 1583 A 1479 A 1473 A 1354 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9799 A 10995 A 10919 A 10651 A 10970 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 66705.2 Fc 69456.7 Fc 73826.9 Fc 72308.2 Fc 81019.2 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 137 Im 165 Im 159 Im 197 Im 198 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 178 Im 198 Im 181 Im 184 Im 180 Im
Wheat Seed 24.2 Fc 15.07 Fc 18.15 Fc 17.49 Fc 21.67 Fc
Wheat Yield 12992.7 Fc 12000 Fc 11383.7 Fc 9340.1 Fc 9090.91 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1222 Fm 1222 Fm 1222 Fm 1224 Fm 1224 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.01 I 0.05 I 0.02 I
Arable land Area 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm 178 Fm 178 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 190 Fm 190 Fm 190 Fm 192 Fm 192 Fm
Country area Area 1736 W 1736 W 1736 W 1736 W 1736 W
Forest area Area 567.4 Fm 563 Q 558.6 Fm 554.2 Fm 549.8 Fm
Inland water Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm
Land area Area 1720 Fm 1720 Fm 1720 Fm 1720 Fm 1720 Fm
Other land Area
Permanent crops Area 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm 14 Fm 14 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1224 Fm 1224 Fm 1224 Fm 1224 Fm 1224 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 178 Fm 178 Fm 178 Fm 178 F 178 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 192 Fm 192 Fm 192 Fm 192 F 192 F
Country area Area 1736 W 1736 W 1736 W 1736 Q 1736 Q
Forest area Area 545.4 Fm 541 Q 536.4 Fm 531.8 Fm 527.2 Fm
Inland water Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm
Land area Area 1720 Fm 1720 Fm 1720 Fm 1720 Q 1720 Q
Other land Area
Permanent crops Area 14 Fm 14 Fm 14 Fm 14 F 14 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 F 50 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files