Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Syria

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Datasheet

Syria

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 17,070,135 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,820 (2007)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 36,176.00 (2007)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 40,405.01 (2007)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 19.54 (2007)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Ftayeh et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2009); Ftayeh et al. (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Contaldo et al. (2011)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAmmouneh et al. (2008); Ammouneh et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentKasouha et al. (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentAlabdalla et al. (2009);
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentSands and Fourrest (1989); Mamluk et al. (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentBayaa and Kabbabeh (2000); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993); Chérif et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedFaddoul (1973); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadAbdel-Hak et al. (1966); Abdel-Hak and Kamel (1972)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentTalhouk (1954); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); Basheer et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Asaad et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Asaad et al. (2009); Kubaa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKaf (2002); Kubaa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentSaour and Makee (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Ahmed et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentAhmed et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentAhmed et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentJeppson et al. (1975); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadAitken (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAli et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2015); Ali et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadIntroducedKuznetsov et al. (1993); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentNativeWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); Shahadi et al. (2002); Capinera (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeSpuler (1910)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp)PresentIbrahim et al. (2008); Talhouk (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Shlalo et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Daboul et al. (2011); Mohammad et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Basheer et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWylie and Speight (2012); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, Few occurrencesvan der Heyden (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentHariri and Tahhan (1983); Hariri and Tahhan (1983); El-Bouhssini et al. (2000); Martinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Mansour and Al-Attar (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedKaf (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicippa thaliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentTrissi and Shehadi (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeHolthuis and Gottlies (1958); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentBaşbay et al. (2020); Benyamini et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveNef and Menu (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedIbrahim et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); Alkhateeb et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); Basheer et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLai et al. (2010); Gruvel (1930)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentGentry (1965); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTeriaki and Verner (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Basheer et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM (1935)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolieria duraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentHeinoun et al. (2021); IPPC (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita poissoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentKubaa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Mansour (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeCarpenter and Kojima (1997); Archer (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Absent, Formerly presentIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabiciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (1996); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBauer and Henle (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus farPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedNativeHoffman and Smith (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNemipterus randalliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedCoad (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPempheris vanicolensis (Vanikoro sweeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSargocentron rubrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Por (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilhouettea aegyptiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedCoad (1996); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTorpedo sinuspersiciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIkhtiyar et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGalil (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeMartens (1874); Tchernov (1975); Schuett (1982); Korniushin (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedTaylor (1914); Reichling (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKinzelbach (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Germain (1908)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, Few occurrencesHanounik and Sikora (1980); Greco et al. (1984); Lamberti (1984); Augustin and Sikora (1989); Greco et al. (1992); Akem and Bellar (1999); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus gigasPresentAugustin and Sikora (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentVovlas et al. (1985); Greco et al. (1988); Moneim and Bellar (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); Toumi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadTayar (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadLamberti (1984); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium parvulumPresentIntroducedBitar et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaSarconema filiformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (blackthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); Dommergues et al. (1999); ISSG (2016); Barbar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGreuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnebia decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeValdés et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeBeer et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper and Moerkerk (2000); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeMaire (1955); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson and Renney (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeMouterde (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Kubaa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeMaire (1964); Rechinger (1992); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Barbar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativePost (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015); Aljouri et al. (2018); Barbar (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedBellar and Kebabeh (1983); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphiticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedRooney (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentKoch et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentAli et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentBarbar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012); Ali et al. (2016); Zeity (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedNativeGibbs and Dingwall (1971); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentIntroducedMouterde (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeVujnovic and Wein (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Barbar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUotila (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentAli et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveRae et al. (2001); Louhaichi et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedDonkin (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis alopecuroides (foxtail restharrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentBeck-Mennagetta (1930); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeBeck-Mennagetta (1930)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, WidespreadParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedPost and Dinsmore (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginiana var. sonoraePresentAsaad et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentBarbar (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentTalhouk (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Tutin and Et Al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentPost (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeUNEP (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentAli et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentNativeOsman and Ghassali (1997); Murad (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus maculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeLuneva (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentPost (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentAsaad et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentAli et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentNativeUSDA ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium argutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella arabicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella hierosolymitanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativePost (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia assyriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)Present, PlantedOrwa et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al. (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsentOIE (2019); Al-Zi'abi et al. (2007); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentKassem et al. (2005); Al-Tamimi et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentHourani and Abou-Jawdah (2003); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al. (1993); Asaad et al. (2009)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentMslmanieh et al. (2006)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentKatul and Makkouk (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentFakhro et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentAkel et al. (2010)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)PresentHasan et al. (2021); Abou Kubaa et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentEPPO (2022); Ismaeil et al. (2012)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1982); CABI (Undated)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Mcneil et al. (1949); OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentGiangaspero et al. (1992)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentAbu-Elzein et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadTabbaa (1989); Giangaspero et al. (1992)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentGiangaspero et al. (1992)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadDereure et al. (1991)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentKasouha et al. (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); Baradi et al. (1972); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (1991); OIE (1994); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentLiebisch and Zukari (1978); OIE (1998)
theileriosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Hubálek et al. (1999); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested71,52071,48072,29672,000 F72,000 F
Production quantity80,25898,44650,87555,00051,700
Yield11,222 Fc13,773 Fc7,037 Fc7,639 Fc7,181 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested174,379192,974215,36255,700 F55,700 F
Production quantity82,685141,943116,43627,700 F27,700 F
Yield4,742 Fc7,356 Fc5,407 Fc4,973 Fc4,973 Fc
ApplesArea harvested51,93352,23152,13050,049 Im48,552 Im
Production quantity286,564476,635308,985344,809 Im347,844 Im
Yield55,180 Fc91,255 Fc59,272 Fc68,894 Fc71,644 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested13,43813,70713,65514,000 F14,000 F
Production quantity39,41939,31846,68032,000 F32,000 F
Yield29,334 Fc28,685 Fc34,185 Fc22,857 Fc22,857 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested255503403520 F520 F
Production quantity7,65015,4354,6356,800 F6,800 F
Yield300,000 Fc306,859 Fc115,012 Fc130,769 Fc130,769 Fc
BananasArea harvested2222 Im2 Im
Production quantity121214205185 Im170 Im
Yield605,000 Fc1,070,000 Fc1,025,000 Fc925,000 Fc850,000 Fc
BarleyArea harvested1,480,8861,187,2341,180,9931,400,000 F1,900,000 F
Production quantity3,053,124408,110990,054722,000 *968,000 *
Yield20,617 Fc3,437 Fc8,383 Fc5,157 Fc5,095 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested740388903624 Im604 Im
Production quantity1,7607471,8001,565 Im1,502 Im
Yield23,784 Fc19,253 Fc19,934 Fc25,080 Fc24,868 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested4,6203,5464,2784,038 Im3,991 Im
Production quantity34,31925,82429,85932,374 Im32,845 Im
Yield74,284 Fc72,826 Fc69,797 Fc80,173 Fc82,298 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested15,56319,07119,08719,600 F19,600 F
Production quantity24,22532,90831,44133,000 F33,000 F
Yield15,566 Fc17,256 Fc16,472 Fc16,837 Fc16,837 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested2,8982,3462,4692,360 Im2,200 F
Production quantity61,89548,34152,50046,403 Im41,000 F
Yield213,578 Fc206,057 Fc212,637 Fc196,623 Fc186,364 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested840514590670 F670 F
Production quantity19,87513,27913,40815,600 F15,600 F
Yield236,607 Fc258,346 Fc227,254 Fc232,836 Fc232,836 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested741 Im732 Im723 Im711 Im711 Im
Production quantity1,963 Im1,873 Im1,786 Im1,694 Im1,636 Im
Yield26,491 Fc25,587 Fc24,703 Fc23,826 Fc23,010 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested1,9421,6461,5471,510 Im1,483 Im
Production quantity33,04128,52425,09325,273 Im24,955 Im
Yield170,139 Fc173,293 Fc162,204 Fc167,371 Fc168,274 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested2,885,952 A2,313,645 A2,380,899 A2,246,351 A3,169,527 A
Production quantity6,359,475 A1,736,793 A2,937,402 A2,583,278 A3,967,943 A
Yield22,036 Fc7,507 Fc12,337 Fc11,500 Fc12,519 Fc
CherriesArea harvested29,96130,38329,70229,500 F29,500 F
Production quantity66,03961,11768,10654,200 F54,200 F
Yield22,042 Fc20,116 Fc22,930 Fc18,373 Fc18,373 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested78,19752,47461,31245,300 F45,300 F
Production quantity52,41934,21741,33230,70053,000
Yield6,703 Fc6,521 Fc6,741 Fc6,777 Fc11,700 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested852 Im830 Im808 Im785 Im756 Im
Production quantity1,146 Im1,099 Im1,052 Im1,005 Im946 Im
Yield13,451 Fc13,241 Fc13,020 Fc12,803 Fc12,513 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested4,4064,5774,6034,209 Im4,093 Im
Production quantity52,36554,11652,28051,965 Im51,790 Im
Yield118,849 Fc118,235 Fc113,578 Fc123,462 Fc126,533 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested53,493 A53,724 A54,900 A50,629 A46,535 A
Production quantity1,382,371 A1,441,602 A1,431,420 A1,294,527 A1,201,994 A
Yield258,421 Fc268,335 Fc260,732 Fc255,689 Fc258,299 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested11,2548,3619,1379,027 Im8,858 Im
Production quantity136,567129,929129,696124,740 Im121,914 Im
Yield121,350 Fc155,399 Fc141,946 Fc138,185 Fc137,632 Fc
DatesArea harvested403365365370 F370 F
Production quantity3,5674,0284,0163,000 F3,000 F
Yield88,511 Fc110,356 Fc110,027 Fc81,081 Fc81,081 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested8,3428,1167,5067,182 Im7,066 Im
Production quantity154,807143,304139,939139,036 Im138,352 Im
Yield185,575 Fc176,570 Fc186,436 Fc193,590 Fc195,800 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested47,968 A39,919 A22,853 A38,813 A35,379 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
FigsArea harvested9,4359,4229,4299,400 F9,400 F
Production quantity43,01538,03542,01135,300 F35,300 F
Yield45,591 Fc40,368 Fc44,555 Fc37,553 Fc37,553 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested241,370 A238,181 A243,599 A239,196 A233,600 A
Production quantity2,598,744 A2,732,199 A2,559,888 A2,447,920 A2,354,139 A
Yield107,666 Fc114,711 Fc105,086 Fc102,340 Fc100,776 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested7,425 Im7,368 Im7,311 Im7,256 Im7,112 Im
Production quantity204,460 Im203,716 Im202,971 Im202,227 Im202,314 Im
Yield275,367 Fc276,488 Fc277,624 Fc278,703 Fc284,469 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested6,6186,2306,2586,655 Im6,923 Im
Production quantity107,47189,96487,12386,395 Im84,909 Im
Yield162,392 Fc144,404 Fc139,219 Fc129,820 Fc122,648 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested1,7261,7791,7831,388 Im1,086 Im
Production quantity10,10815,03715,91313,017 Im10,266 Im
Yield58,563 Fc84,525 Fc89,248 Fc93,782 Fc94,530 Fc
GarlicArea harvested1,121527618200 F200 F
Production quantity21,98812,78014,7633,400 F3,400 F
Yield196,146 Fc242,505 Fc238,883 Fc170,000 Fc170,000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested2,048 Im1,983 Im1,916 Im1,847 Im1,765 Im
Production quantity56,769 Im54,334 Im51,899 Im49,464 Im47,006 Im
Yield277,192 Fc273,999 Fc270,872 Fc267,807 Fc266,323 Fc
GrapesArea harvested45,18044,80245,54946,700 F46,700 F
Production quantity252,006223,383239,337196,000 F196,000 F
Yield55,778 Fc49,860 Fc52,545 Fc41,970 Fc41,970 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested5,6545,7555,9625,794 Im5,925 Im
Production quantity15,28416,99215,93915,737 Im16,099 Im
Yield27,032 Fc29,526 Fc26,734 Fc27,161 Fc27,171 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Lemons and limesArea harvested17,20917,19417,62314,164 Im10,300 Im
Production quantity388,484440,304428,145323,720 Im233,257 Im
Yield225,745 Fc256,080 Fc242,947 Fc228,551 Fc226,463 Fc
LentilsArea harvested113,643125,164134,918111,000 F111,000 F
Production quantity100,65373,683137,853113,50098,700
Yield8,857 Fc5,887 Fc10,218 Fc10,225 Fc8,892 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested2,6972,2452,2163,200 F3,200 F
Production quantity46,85538,69642,22350,500 F50,500 F
Yield173,730 Fc172,365 Fc190,537 Fc157,813 Fc157,813 Fc
LupinsArea harvested24 Im5 Im
Production quantity35 Im6 Im
Yield15,000 Fc12,500 Fc12,000 Fc
MaizeArea harvested56,23127,14727,30443,000 F44,000 F
Production quantity215,309101,34991,853130,000 *133,000 *
Yield38,290 Fc37,333 Fc33,641 Fc30,233 Fc30,227 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested5,0863,2893,4384,000 F4,000 F
Production quantity93,05055,56054,68654,000 F54,000 F
Yield182,953 Fc168,927 Fc159,063 Fc135,000 Fc135,000 Fc
MilletArea harvested1,851 Im1,911 Im1,978 Im2,045 Im2,221 Im
Production quantity3,340 Im3,345 Im3,353 Im3,355 Im3,513 Im
Yield18,044 Fc17,504 Fc16,951 Fc16,406 Fc15,817 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Nuts nesArea harvested3,0573,1613,1073,173 Im3,191 Im
Production quantity10,56912,13012,32312,534 Im12,516 Im
Yield34,573 Fc38,374 Fc39,662 Fc39,502 Fc39,223 Fc
OatsArea harvested137 F7 F
Production quantity1710 F10 F
Yield13,077 Fc14,286 Fc14,286 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested754,221 A743,536 A728,514 A755,104 A750,322 A
Production quantity1,009,116 A807,768 A944,855 A820,572 A725,135 A
Yield13,380 Fc10,864 Fc12,970 Fc10,867 Fc9,664 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested60,253 A49,740 A35,374 A54,393 A49,611 A
Production quantity54,950 A47,669 A33,317 A52,235 A42,205 A
Yield9,120 Fc9,584 Fc9,418 Fc9,603 Fc8,507 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested754,221 A743,536 A728,514 A755,104 A750,322 A
Production quantity207,477 A165,564 A201,659 A168,865 A150,995 A
Yield2,751 Fc2,227 Fc2,768 Fc2,236 Fc2,012 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OkraArea harvested4,6253,5383,8463,732 Im3,651 Im
Production quantity17,12113,66715,81514,746 Im14,584 Im
Yield37,018 Fc38,629 Fc41,121 Fc39,512 Fc39,945 Fc
OlivesArea harvested693,227693,064692,417700,000 F700,000 F
Production quantity844,316664,643849,919668,441600,000 F
Yield12,180 Fc9,590 Fc12,275 Fc9,549 Fc8,571 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested5,7635,2785,7765,412 Im5,314 Im
Production quantity78,29473,92283,36981,153 Im80,294 Im
Yield135,856 Fc140,057 Fc144,337 Fc149,950 Fc151,099 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested2,9422,8213,3873,000 F3,000 F
Production quantity32,06236,54438,22030,600 F30,600 F
Yield108,980 Fc129,543 Fc112,843 Fc102,000 Fc102,000 Fc
OrangesArea harvested25,44525,81526,68726,000 F26,000 F
Production quantity706,324717,003722,236693,000 F693,000 F
Yield277,589 Fc277,747 Fc270,632 Fc266,538 Fc266,538 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested6,2206,2476,2656,362 Im6,366 Im
Production quantity48,03141,95447,36047,624 Im47,373 Im
Yield77,220 Fc67,159 Fc75,595 Fc74,857 Fc74,416 Fc
PearsArea harvested3,8263,9314,0204,160 Im4,112 Im
Production quantity20,86520,20521,33521,893 Im21,872 Im
Yield54,535 Fc51,399 Fc53,072 Fc52,627 Fc53,191 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested5,8154,2043,1913,500 F3,500 F
Production quantity9,5644,9013,7633,200 F3,200 F
Yield16,447 Fc11,658 Fc11,793 Fc9,143 Fc9,143 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,6682,0802,6311,150 F1,150 F
Production quantity12,93014,97115,1757,800 F7,800 F
Yield77,518 Fc71,976 Fc57,678 Fc67,826 Fc67,826 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested59,98959,96559,96659,900 F59,900 F
Production quantity31,81361,63151,04828,800 F28,800 F
Yield5,303 Fc10,278 Fc8,513 Fc4,808 Fc4,808 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested3,7873,7283,7373,867 Im3,939 Im
Production quantity26,80831,28931,29431,119 Im31,336 Im
Yield70,790 Fc83,930 Fc83,741 Fc80,473 Fc79,553 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested24,79522,22924,37630,000 F30,000 F
Production quantity635,519562,342562,416540,000 F540,000 F
Yield256,309 Fc252,977 Fc230,725 Fc180,000 Fc180,000 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested3,546 Im3,474 Im3,404 Im3,336 Im3,315 Im
Production quantity5,048 Im5,017 Im4,986 Im4,955 Im5,031 Im
Yield14,236 Fc14,442 Fc14,647 Fc14,853 Fc15,176 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested246,381 A225,370 A258,634 A206,415 A204,864 A
Production quantity227,650 A171,724 A261,098 A209,082 A214,526 A
Yield9,240 Fc7,620 Fc10,095 Fc10,129 Fc10,472 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested7,4146,2037,7825,900 F5,900 F
Production quantity107,45490,095110,48992,700 F92,700 F
Yield144,934 Fc145,244 Fc141,980 Fc157,119 Fc157,119 Fc
QuincesArea harvested391411410414 Im415 Im
Production quantity2,7872,8652,9062,951 Im2,975 Im
Yield71,279 Fc69,708 Fc70,878 Fc71,280 Fc71,687 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFcFcFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested24,795 A22,229 A24,376 A30,000 A30,000 A
Production quantity635,519 A562,342 A562,416 A540,000 A540,000 A
Yield256,309 Fc252,977 Fc230,725 Fc180,000 Fc180,000 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested47,968 Im39,919 Im22,853 Im38,813 Im35,379 Im
Production quantity141,462 Im120,000 F70,000 F123,000 F98,500 F
Yield29,491 Fc30,061 Fc30,631 Fc31,690 Fc27,841 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested5,2753,1694,0742,586 Im3,007 Im
Production quantity4,0052,5333,2882,1002,400
Yield7,592 Fc7,993 Fc8,071 Fc8,121 Fc7,981 Fc
SorghumArea harvested1,364535713799 Im799 Im
Production quantity2,5891,0011,4021,713 Im1,820 Im
Yield18,981 Fc18,710 Fc19,663 Fc21,439 Fc22,778 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested1,3568972,4702,200 F300 F
Production quantity2,0861,7273,9013,600500
Yield15,383 Fc19,253 Fc15,794 Fc16,364 Fc16,667 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested6,971 Im6,800 F6,800 F6,800 F6,800 F
Production quantity4,760 Im4,600 F4,600 F4,600 F4,600 F
Yield6,828 Fc6,765 Fc6,765 Fc6,765 Fc6,765 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested370144510235 Im665 Im
Production quantity18,4525,05817,83810,30029,300
Yield498,703 Fc351,250 Fc349,765 Fc438,298 Fc440,602 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested370 A144 A510 A235 A665 A
Production quantity18,452 A5,058 A17,838 A10,300 A29,300 A
Yield498,703 Fc351,250 Fc349,765 Fc438,298 Fc440,602 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested155,000 F5,000 F
Production quantity226,000 F6,000 F
Yield14,667 Fc12,000 Fc12,000 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested1,366 Im1,364 Im1,363 Im1,362 Im1,358 Im
Production quantity26,334 Im26,245 Im26,169 Im26,116 Im26,417 Im
Yield192,782 Fc192,412 Fc191,996 Fc191,747 Fc194,529 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested8,8529,1199,25411,863 Im10,618 Im
Production quantity1,5021,5341,5227,353 Im10,345 Im
Yield1,697 Fc1,682 Fc1,645 Fc6,198 Fc9,743 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested14,04010,17912,92511,800 F11,800 F
Production quantity771,649497,481557,766669,000 F669,000 F
Yield549,608 Fc488,733 Fc431,540 Fc566,949 Fc566,949 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested134,566 A134,606 A135,369 A135,073 A135,091 A
Production quantity122,640 A172,207 A114,246 A96,334 A93,016 A
Yield9,114 Fc12,793 Fc8,440 Fc7,132 Fc6,885 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested124,528 A109,996 A111,298 A101,437 A97,665 A
Production quantity2,020,519 A1,682,979 A1,713,664 A1,751,606 A1,720,418 A
Yield162,254 Fc153,004 Fc153,971 Fc172,679 Fc176,155 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested39,416 Im37,386 Im35,424 Im33,527 Im30,569 Im
Production quantity365,838 Im353,231 Im340,623 Im328,016 Im306,784 Im
Yield92,815 Fc94,482 Fc96,156 Fc97,836 Fc100,358 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested10,28510,1306,1604,000 F4,000 F
Production quantity65,80992,84047,81131,500 F31,500 F
Yield63,985 Fc91,649 Fc77,615 Fc78,750 Fc78,750 Fc
VetchesArea harvested28,87520,59535,81923,051 Im21,540 Im
Production quantity33,97820,25139,92322,157 Im20,087 Im
Yield11,767 Fc9,833 Fc11,146 Fc9,612 Fc9,325 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested9,8717,93011,95611,700 F11,700 F
Production quantity216,522190,993158,511230,900 F230,900 F
Yield219,352 Fc240,849 Fc132,579 Fc197,350 Fc197,350 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,345,6071,096,8181,169,911800,500 F1,222,500 F
Production quantity3,085,0961,222,9881,850,7401,726,2002,861,600
Yield22,927 Fc11,150 Fc15,819 Fc21,564 Fc23,408 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea13,921 Fm13,921 Fm13,921 Fm13,921 Fm13,921 Fm
AgricultureArea13,921 Fc13,921 Fc13,921 Fc13,921 Fc13,921 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area20 I20 I20 I20 I20 I
Arable landArea4,662 Fm4,662 Fm4,662 Fm4,662 Fm4,662 Fm
Country areaArea18,518 W18,518 W18,518 W18,518 W18,518 W
CroplandArea5,733 Fm5,733 Fm5,733 Fm5,733 Fm5,733 Fm
Forest landArea522 Q522 Q522 Q522 Q516 Fm
Inland watersArea155 Fm155 Fm155 Fm155 Fm155 Fm
Land areaArea18,363 Fm18,363 Fm18,363 Fm18,363 Fm18,363 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea1,310 Fm1,310 Fm1,310 Fm1,310 Fm1,310 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea1,071 Fm1,071 Fm1,071 Fm1,071 Fm1,071 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea320 Q323 Q326 Q326 Q320 Fm
Other landArea3,920 Fc3,920 Fc3,920 Fc3,920 Fc3,926 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm8,188 Fm
Planted ForestArea202 Q199 Q196 Q196 Q196 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea
Land under temporary cropsArea
Land with temporary fallowArea
Agriculture area certified organicArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.