Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Suriname

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Datasheet

Suriname

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 581,363 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 5,420 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 3,149.27 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 3,697.37 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 9.74 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedNativeBaker et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber (SALB))PresentNativeInvasiveKnyper (1911); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1959); UK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022); Soerodimedjo (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeWhite and Elson-Harris (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2002); Sauers-Muller (2005); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeNHM (1977); UK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Segeren (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)Present, LocalizedSauers-Muller (1991); Drew and Hancock (1994); Sauers-Muller (2005); Ihsan-ul-Haq et al. (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Present, WidespreadGrant et al. (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAraujo (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann and Belkin (1978); Hiwat et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016); Williams and Granara de Willink (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGeococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)PresentWilliams and Granara de Willink (1992); Green (1933)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentFAO (1970); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentVega C. (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKairo et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentMaas (1970); Esser and Meredith (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Farris et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Pogue (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentEPPO (2022); Kox et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTibraca limbativentris (stinkbug)PresentSchotman (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentSmith and Cermeli (1979); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis lineatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis richardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Present, WidespreadNativeWinemiller (2001); Kullander and Ferreira (2006); Willis et al. (2012); Espínola et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Lever (1998); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedOuboter and Jairam (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Present, WidespreadNativeWeber et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentSchotman (1989); Leenders (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentIntroducedSimone (2006); Cowie and Hayes (2012); Horgan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentMaas (1969); Siddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadSosa Moss (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadSosa Moss (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentMaas (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)PresentMaas (1970); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeDittrich et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedFryxell (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Funk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Funk et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNative and IntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentFunk et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedGrandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedBoggan et al. (1997); Funk et al. (2007); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964); Funk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentBoggan et al. (1997); Funk et al. (2007); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentEveraarts (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedPeterson et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentDeFilipps (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedJudziewicz (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentNativeCroat (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentPFAF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, LocalizedNativeZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Funk et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedvan Andel et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoggan et al. (1997); BDG Program (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeAustin (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeAustin (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeAustin (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFunk et al. (2007); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedLeuenberger (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentKeisers (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentNativeAlverson et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentNativeAlverson et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentKillip (1938); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSegeren et al. (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedPulle (1906)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentFunk et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIRWIN and TURNER (1960); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentFunk et al. (2007); Lim (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentNativeFunk et al. (2007); Davidse et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1948); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentNativeDvorak et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeCroat (1981); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedLittle and Wadsworth (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Funk et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFunk et al. (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPassion fruit woodiness virus (passionfruit woodiness disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Taylor and Greber (1973)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Gibbs and Greiner (1985); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentCorbett et al. (1989)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE (2019); Grant et al. (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1997); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
surraPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
BananasArea harvested1,7111,7301,9531,9931,993
Production quantity48,43548,83562,88761,07368,991
Yield283,080 Fc282,283 Fc322,002 Fc306,438 Fc346,167 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested165197192205207
Production quantity2,5762,9982,8582,8452,943
Yield156,121 Fc152,183 Fc148,854 Fc138,780 Fc142,174 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested4356536356
Production quantity1,0381,2891,2231,4481,284
Yield241,395 Fc230,179 Fc230,755 Fc229,841 Fc229,286 Fc
CassavaArea harvested282288285281232
Production quantity7,7838,1707,6597,3145,879
Yield275,993 Fc283,681 Fc268,737 Fc260,285 Fc253,405 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested60,239 A56,282 A59,340 A62,749 A59,283 A
Production quantity274,408 A274,001 A289,517 A278,166 A268,529 A
Yield45,553 Fc48,684 Fc48,790 Fc44,330 Fc45,296 Fc
CherriesArea harvested4242444445
Production quantity1,2411,256916902907
Yield295,476 Fc299,048 Fc208,182 Fc205,000 Fc201,556 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested1,852 A1,805 A1,840 A1,294 A1,554 A
Production quantity24,682 A24,872 A24,933 A17,337 A18,996 A
Yield133,272 Fc137,795 Fc135,505 Fc133,980 Fc122,239 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested138 Im138 Im139 Im139 Im158 Im
Production quantity5 Im5 Im5 Im5 Im4 Im
Yield362 Fc362 Fc360 Fc360 Fc253 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested1,0701,1091,1031,0951,081
Production quantity14,06914,57414,07214,67212,689
Yield131,486 Fc131,416 Fc127,579 Fc133,991 Fc117,382 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested225 Im232 Im240 Im248 Im293 Im
Production quantity6 Im6 Im6 Im6 Im6 Im
Yield267 Fc259 Fc250 Fc242 Fc205 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested5873747574
Production quantity1,2951,7311,7301,6871,688
Yield223,276 Fc237,123 Fc233,784 Fc224,933 Fc228,108 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested4,622 A4,598 A4,897 A4,371 A4,685 A
Production quantity98,899 A100,055 A114,804 A106,136 A116,835 A
Yield213,974 Fc217,605 Fc234,437 Fc242,819 Fc249,381 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested286288327249487
Production quantity3,7263,8083,9183,6535,074
Yield130,280 Fc132,222 Fc119,817 Fc146,707 Fc104,189 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested1915173355
Production quantity218177239504808
Yield114,737 Fc118,000 Fc140,588 Fc152,727 Fc146,909 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested114114111191197
Production quantity1,6481,6771,6803,0973,212
Yield144,561 Fc147,105 Fc151,351 Fc162,147 Fc163,046 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested2116181616
Production quantity3019272225
Yield14,286 Fc11,875 Fc15,000 Fc13,750 Fc15,625 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested1616151516
Production quantity247256190247255
Yield154,375 Fc160,000 Fc126,667 Fc164,667 Fc159,375 Fc
MaizeArea harvested5434363635
Production quantity14285868982
Yield26,296 Fc25,000 Fc23,889 Fc24,722 Fc23,429 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested167180171180176
Production quantity2,4842,7072,5812,7002,599
Yield148,743 Fc150,389 Fc150,936 Fc150,000 Fc147,670 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested563 Im602 Im601 Im601 Im600 Im
Production quantity1,122 Im1,200 F1,200 F1,200 F1,200 F
Yield19,929 Fc19,934 Fc19,967 Fc19,967 Fc20,000 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,665 A1,734 A1,729 A1,719 A1,706 A
Production quantity15,232 A15,800 A15,306 A15,901 A13,923 A
Yield91,483 Fc91,119 Fc88,525 Fc92,501 Fc81,612 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,665 A1,734 A1,729 A1,719 A1,706 A
Production quantity1,181 A1,216 A1,179 A1,225 A1,069 A
Yield7,091 Fc7,013 Fc6,819 Fc7,127 Fc6,267 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,665 A1,734 A1,729 A1,719 A1,706 A
Production quantity2,084 A2,163 A2,100 A2,176 A1,920 A
Yield12,517 Fc12,472 Fc12,145 Fc12,661 Fc11,253 Fc
OrangesArea harvested1,4361,3871,387839854
Production quantity19,06119,13119,14510,34010,455
Yield132,737 Fc137,931 Fc138,032 Fc123,242 Fc122,424 Fc
PapayasArea harvested4641373441
Production quantity854810745713824
Yield185,652 Fc197,561 Fc201,351 Fc209,706 Fc200,976 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested1951781825953
Production quantity3,8993,5783,6571,1841,059
Yield199,949 Fc201,011 Fc200,934 Fc200,678 Fc199,811 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested471483529640640
Production quantity14,85115,39916,50819,85620,447
Yield315,308 Fc318,820 Fc312,060 Fc310,250 Fc319,484 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested99134166126154
Production quantity90116141106116
Yield9,091 Fc8,657 Fc8,494 Fc8,413 Fc7,532 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested99 A134 A166 A126 A154 A
Production quantity90 A116 A141 A106 A116 A
Yield9,091 Fc8,657 Fc8,494 Fc8,413 Fc7,532 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested60,18556,24859,30462,71359,248
Production quantity274,266273,916289,431278,077268,447
Yield45,570 Fc48,698 Fc48,805 Fc44,341 Fc45,309 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity182,935 Fc182,702 Fc193,050 Fc185,477 Fc179,054 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested139 Im137 Im130 Im129 Im156
Production quantity1,706 Im1,670 Im1,599 Im1,466 Im1,653
Yield122,734 Fc121,898 Fc123,000 Fc113,643 Fc105,962 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested487 A482 A473 A472 A435 A
Production quantity10,377 A10,635 A10,091 A9,682 A8,189 A
Yield213,080 Fc220,643 Fc213,340 Fc205,127 Fc188,253 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested117779
Production quantity117779
Yield10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested3,103 Im3,079 Im3,056 Im3,049 Im2,983 Im
Production quantity123,690 Im122,822 Im121,955 Im122,544 Im120,479 Im
Yield398,614 Fc398,902 Fc399,067 Fc401,915 Fc403,885 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested3,103 A3,079 A3,056 A3,049 A2,983 A
Production quantity123,690 A122,822 A121,955 A122,544 A120,479 A
Yield398,614 Fc398,902 Fc399,067 Fc401,915 Fc403,885 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested6657586247
Production quantity888795833902657
Yield134,545 Fc139,474 Fc143,621 Fc145,484 Fc139,787 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested101126119126129
Production quantity1,1861,5321,4421,5001,526
Yield117,426 Fc121,587 Fc121,176 Fc119,048 Fc118,295 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested1,290 A1,442 A1,390 A1,676 A1,399 A
Production quantity23,172 A26,124 A24,723 A29,684 A24,142 A
Yield179,628 Fc181,165 Fc177,863 Fc177,112 Fc172,566 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested9239909521,207933
Production quantity17,07718,57417,47022,20416,701
Yield185,016 Fc187,616 Fc183,508 Fc183,960 Fc179,003 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested11912412494128
Production quantity2,2352,4212,3381,8672,204
Yield187,815 Fc195,242 Fc188,548 Fc198,617 Fc172,188 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea84 Q84 Q87 Q87 Q88 Q
AgricultureArea84 Fc84 Fc87 Fc87 Fc88 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea62 Q63 Q66 Q66 Q64 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea0 I0 I0 I0 I0 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area0 I0 I0 I0 I0 I
Arable landArea62 Q62 Q65 Q65 Q65 Q
Country areaArea16,382 Q16,382 Q16,382 Q16,382 Q16,382 Q
CroplandArea68 Fc68 Q71 Q71 Q71 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea0 I0 I
Cropland area under organic agric.Area0 I0 I
Forest landArea15,221 Q15,233 Q15,240 Q15,252 Q15,261 Fm
Inland watersArea782 Fm782 Fm782 Fm782 Fm782 Fm
Land areaArea15,600 Fm15,600 Fm15,600 Fm15,600 Fm15,600 Q
Land area actually irrigatedArea62 Q63 Q66 Q66 Q64 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea67 Q68 Q71 Q70 Q66 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea16 Q16 Q16 Q16 Q17 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea6 Q6 Q6 Q6 Q6 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea15,207 Q15,219 Q15,226 Q15,238 Q15,247 Fm
Other landArea295 Fc283 Fc273 Fc261 Fc250 Fc
Planted ForestArea14 Q14 Q14 Q14 Q14 Fm
Primary ForestArea14,019 Fm14,019 Fm14,019 Q14,100 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.