Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Somalia

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Datasheet

Somalia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Somalia
  • General data
  • Region: East Africa
  • Area (km2): 637,660
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 8,695,928

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present Bové, 1995.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native Castellani and Mohamed, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Thakur and King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced De Lotto, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Vannini and Innocenti, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesWHO, 2009c.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Schulthess, 1898.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Lai et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Lavigne, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Abukar et al., 1986; Lavigne, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Widespread UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced YesFAO, 2017b; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Tsai, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesDepartment and of Agriculture and Food, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesVinson and Vinson, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present, few occurrences Native NoJuniper and Parr, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Localised Native Fischer-Piette and Métivier, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Spence, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Karshe, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Beccari and Scavazzon, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia colei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesTerry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoGrubben, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Terry & Michieka, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present ILDIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Plants of the World Online, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native African Plant Database, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced YesBrutsch and Zimmermann, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced YesMadany, 1991; Thulin, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced Tamado and Milberg, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native GBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008; Thulin, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Blundell, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001; Awale and Sugule, 2006; Shibeshi et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Gillett, 1963; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native Mohamed et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present GRIN, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978; Calimini et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced Grubben and Denton, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Widespread Native Thulin, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscamelpox virus Present Kriz, 1982.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
African horse sickness Last reported OIE, 2012.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
anaplasmosis Present Schoepf et al., 1984; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Present OIE, 2012.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian influenza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available Hussein et al., 1985; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available Knowles et al., 1932; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Mani et al., 1978; Agrimi et al., 1982.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine papillomatosis Present Abdi and Testi, 1991.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011; Ostanello et al., 1999.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present Ostanello et al., 1999; OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Present OIE, 2012; Kriz, 1982.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available Abdirahman and Abdi, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Schmatz et al., 1978.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012; Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012.
contagious ecthyma No information available Moallin and Zessin, 1988; Moallin et al., 1989; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Echinococcus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine influenza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; Pellegrini, 1945; Evans, 1963.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leptospirosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Nawathe et al., 1982; OIE, 2012.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
myxomatosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available Pellegrini, 1950; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Newcastle disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pullorum disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabies Present OIE, 2012.
Rift Valley fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2012.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Theileria annulata infections Present FAO, 1993.
Theileria parva infections Present Abdilahi, 1977.
theileriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis OIE, 2012.
tularaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
visna/maedi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
white spot disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
yellow head disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 1593 Im 2098 Im 2388 Im 2323 Im 2303 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 37968 Im 43563 Im 42461 Im 40955 Im 41017 Im
Bananas Yield 238343 Fc 207641 Fc 177810 Fc 176302 Fc 178102 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 85618 Im 69684 Im 68773 Im 58806 Im 63577 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 25778 Im 21301 Im 20972 Im 16565 Im 18482 Im
Beans, dry Seed 6849.44 Fc 6849.44 Fc 5574.72 Fc 5501.84 Fc 4704.48 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 3010.82 Fc 3056.8 Fc 3049.45 Fc 2816.89 Fc 2907.03 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 9250 Im 9008 Im 10288 Im 9108 Im 8600 F
Cassava Production Quantity 87356 Im 79451 Im 83885 Im 78745 Im 73341 Im
Cassava Yield 94438.9 Fc 88200.5 Fc 81536.7 Fc 86457 Fc 85280.2 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 582545 A 566138 A 578604 A 570074 A 451022 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 264288 A 225180 A 203189 A 187110 A 190642 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 14066 A 14066 A 13692.9 A 13828.3 A 14138.6 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 4536.78 Fc 3977.48 Fc 3511.7 Fc 3282.21 Fc 4226.89 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 582545 A 566138 A 578604 A 570074 A 451022 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 271586 A 231989 A 208683 A 192634 A 195970 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 14066 A 14066 A 13692.9 A 13828.3 A 14138.6 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 4662.06 Fc 4097.75 Fc 3606.66 Fc 3379.11 Fc 4345.02 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4138 A 4024 A 4167 A 4357 A 4319 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 24650 A 22905 A 19649 A 21845 A 24738 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 59569.8 Fc 56921 Fc 47153.8 Fc 50137.7 Fc 57277.2 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 576761 A 560158 A 573000 A 564547 A 445830 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 248624 A 210352 A 191233 A 175046 A 179000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 13603.3 A 13603.3 A 13214.5 A 13380 A 13696.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 4310.69 Fc 3755.23 Fc 3337.4 Fc 3100.65 Fc 4014.98 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 3592 Im 3555 Im 3419 Im 3154 Im 3028 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 13005 Im 11090 * 10410 * 12000 * 12000 *
Coconuts Yield 36205.5 Fc 31195.5 Fc 30447.5 Fc 38046.9 Fc 39630.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2100 Fc 1960 Fc 1848 Fc 1848 Fc 1848 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4800 F 4550 F 4901 Im 4828 Im 4305 Im
Cottonseed Seed 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 2590 Im 2531 Im 2708 Im 2604 Im 2581 Im
Dates Production Quantity 12713 Im 12935 Im 12777 Im 11870 Im 11888 Im
Dates Yield 49084.9 Fc 51106.3 Fc 47182.4 Fc 45583.7 Fc 46059.7 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 16500 A 15278 A 20967 A 16500 A 16500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2100 A 1960 A 1848 A 1848 A 1848 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 1272.73 Fc 1282.89 Fc 881.39 Fc 1120 Fc 1120 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23177 A 23111 A 24652 A 24035 A 23825 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 223317 A 229975 A 223626 A 212938 A 216031 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 96352.9 Fc 99508.9 Fc 90713.1 Fc 88595 Fc 90674.1 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 14525 Im 14195 Im 15189 Im 14607 Im 14479 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 146927 Im 149494 Im 147674 Im 137190 Im 137397 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 101155 Fc 105315 Fc 97224.3 Fc 93920.7 Fc 94894 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1486 Im 1452 Im 1554 Im 1494 Im 1481 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 7060 Im 7183 Im 7096 Im 6593 Im 6603 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 47510.1 Fc 49469.7 Fc 45662.8 Fc 44129.8 Fc 44584.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5638 Im 5732 Im 5331 Im 4990 Im 5300 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 7006 Im 6795 Im 5258 Im 5160 Im 5500 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 338.28 Fc 338.28 Fc 343.92 Fc 319.86 Fc 299.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12426.4 Fc 11854.5 Fc 9863.07 Fc 10340.7 Fc 10377.4 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1199 Im 1172 Im 1254 Im 1513 Im 1500 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 7098 Im 7222 Im 7134 Im 6646 Im 9516 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 59199.3 Fc 61621.2 Fc 56889.9 Fc 43926 Fc 63440 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 206804 Im 201129 Im 192000 P 240547 Im 215830 Im
Maize Production Quantity 133597 Im 120000 F 107216 Im 100000 F 99000 F
Maize Seed 6204.12 Fc 6204.12 Fc 6033.87 Fc 5760 Fc 7216.41 Fc
Maize Yield 6460.08 Fc 5966.32 Fc 5584.17 Fc 4157.19 Fc 4586.94 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 331 Im 263 Im 200 Im 144 Im 143 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1059 Im 1078 Im 1065 Im 1078 Im 991 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 31994 Fc 40988.6 Fc 53250 Fc 74861.1 Fc 69300.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 105889 A 103400 A 101056 A 83230 A 87267 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 47407.1 A 44628.8 A 38075.4 A 32955.7 A 30656.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1210.56 A 1210.56 A 1205.95 A 1158.58 A 1085.76 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4477.06 Fc 4316.14 Fc 3767.75 Fc 3959.6 Fc 3512.99 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 105889 A 103400 A 101056 A 83230 A 87267 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 39345.3 A 36954.8 A 31323.4 A 27128 A 25324 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 657.37 A 657.37 A 653.37 A 613.92 A 552.94 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3715.71 Fc 3573.97 Fc 3099.61 Fc 3259.4 Fc 2901.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3007 Im 2419 Im 2226 Im 2270 Im 2692 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 9978 Im 7649 Im 6857 Im 8399 Im 8383 Im
Onions, dry Yield 33182.6 Fc 31620.5 Fc 30804.1 Fc 37000 Fc 31140.4 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1453 Im 1400 F 1359 Im 1350 Im 1338 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 10492 Im 8500 F 5419 Im 8606 Im 8619 Im
Oranges Yield 72209.2 Fc 60714.3 Fc 39874.9 Fc 63748.2 Fc 64417 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 85618 A 69684 A 68773 A 58806 A 63577 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25778 A 21301 A 20972 A 16565 A 18482 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 6849.44 A 6849.44 A 5574.72 A 5501.84 A 4704.48 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 3010.82 Fc 3056.8 Fc 3049.45 Fc 2816.89 Fc 2907.03 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 3122 Im 3053 Im 2917 Im 3022 Im 2600 F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 21916 Im 20447 Im 16500 F 16588 Im 16000 F
Rice, paddy Seed 249.76 Fc 249.76 Fc 244.24 Fc 233.36 Fc 241.76 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 70198.6 Fc 66973.5 Fc 56565 Fc 54890.8 Fc 61538.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 10056 A 9850 A 11183 A 9881 A 9343 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 95331 A 87974 A 91200 A 86181 A 80371 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 94800.1 Fc 89313.7 Fc 81552.4 Fc 87218.9 Fc 86022.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 16500 Im 15278 Im 20967 Im 16500 F 16500 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 7500 F 7000 F 6600 F 6600 F 6600 F
Seed cotton Yield 4545.45 Fc 4581.75 Fc 3147.8 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 80159 Im 78835 Im 71339 Im 58586 Im 62439 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 80895 Im 76155 Im 64206 Im 54064 Im 49826 Im
Sesame seed Seed 801.59 Fc 801.59 Fc 788.35 Fc 713.39 Fc 585.86 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 10091.8 Fc 9660.05 Fc 9000.13 Fc 9228.14 Fc 7979.95 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 369957 Im 359029 Im 381000 P 324000 P 230000 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 115027 Im 90352 Im 84017 Im 75046 Im 80000 F
Sorghum Seed 7399.14 Fc 7399.14 Fc 7180.58 Fc 7620 Fc 6480 Fc
Sorghum Yield 3109.2 Fc 2516.57 Fc 2205.17 Fc 2316.23 Fc 3478.26 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 6200 F 6200 F 6200 F 6000 F 6000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 230000 F 230000 F 230000 F 200000 F 200000 F
Sugar cane Yield 370968 Fc 370968 Fc 370968 Fc 333333 Fc 333333 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 806 Im 842 Im 895 Im 773 Im 743 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 7975 Im 8523 Im 7315 Im 7436 Im 7030 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 98945.4 Fc 101223 Fc 81731.8 Fc 96196.6 Fc 94616.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 344 F 344 F 344 Im 304 Im 223 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 138 Im 136 Im 151 Im 147 Im 142 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 4011.63 Fc 3953.49 Fc 4389.53 Fc 4835.53 Fc 6367.71 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 11114 Im 10774 Im 10962 Im 12436 Im 11351 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 17572 Im 18671 Im 16013 Im 13418 Im 17671 Im
Tomatoes Yield 15810.7 Fc 17329.7 Fc 14607.7 Fc 10789.6 Fc 15567.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8014 Im 8400 F 8791 Im 7181 Im 7800 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 72639 Im 77182 Im 66193 Im 55424 Im 57492 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 90640.1 Fc 91883.3 Fc 75296.3 Fc 77181.4 Fc 73707.7 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23156 A 22663 A 23041 A 22875 A 22693 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 110466 A 114422 A 98428 A 86866 A 91846 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 47705.1 Fc 50488.5 Fc 42718.6 Fc 37974.2 Fc 40473.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23156 A 22663 A 23041 A 22875 A 22693 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 110466 A 114422 A 98428 A 86866 A 91846 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 47705.1 Fc 50488.5 Fc 42718.6 Fc 37974.2 Fc 40473.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 1021 Im 1070 Im 1062 Im 988 Im 850 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 10277 Im 10920 Im 9365 Im 9625 Im 8300 F
Watermelons Yield 100656 Fc 102056 Fc 88182.7 Fc 97419 Fc 97647.1 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2662 Im 2927 Im 2687 Im 2505 Im 2592 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 1046 Im 1190 Im 950 F 1000 F 970 F
Wheat Seed 212.96 Fc 212.96 Fc 234.16 Fc 214.96 Fc 200.4 Fc
Wheat Yield 3929.38 Fc 4065.6 Fc 3535.54 Fc 3992.02 Fc 3742.28 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 2409 Im 2234 Im 2200 * 2200 * 2200 *
Bananas Production Quantity 41405 Im 38000 F 36900 * 36900 * 36900 *
Bananas Yield 171876 Fc 170098 Fc 167727 Fc 167727 Fc 167727 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 65000 F 74321 Im 67000 F 65000 F 62625 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 18000 F 20301 Im 18500 F 17500 F 14995 Im
Beans, dry Seed 5086.16 Fc 5200 Fc 5945.68 Fc 5360 Fc 5200 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 2769.23 Fc 2731.53 Fc 2761.19 Fc 2692.31 Fc 2394.41 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 8500 F 9094 Im 9153 Im 8700 F 8807 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 82000 F 93479 Im 85000 F 75286 Im 80000 F
Cassava Yield 96470.6 Fc 102792 Fc 92865.7 Fc 86535.6 Fc 90836.8 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 667777 A 764667 A 736489 A 585834 A 574242 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 256870 A 354528 A 360476 A 398755 A 437875 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 11490.3 A 16052.2 A 18570.1 A 18025.6 A 13982.6 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3846.65 Fc 4636.37 Fc 4894.52 Fc 6806.62 Fc 7625.27 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 667777 A 764667 A 736489 A 585834 A 574242 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 263815 A 361182 A 366470 A 402751 A 441871 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 11490.3 A 16052.2 A 18570.1 A 18025.6 A 13982.6 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3950.65 Fc 4723.39 Fc 4975.91 Fc 6874.83 Fc 7694.86 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4199 A 4241 A 4166 A 4212 A 4122 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23665 A 23120 A 23701 A 23150 A 23052 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 56358.7 Fc 54515.4 Fc 56891.5 Fc 54962 Fc 55924.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 662000 A 758387 A 729870 A 580955 A 569420 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 242000 A 340000 A 347470 A 389860 A 428893 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 11074.9 A 15590 A 18067.7 A 17496.1 A 13592.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3655.59 Fc 4483.2 Fc 4760.71 Fc 6710.67 Fc 7532.1 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 3000 F 3643 Im 3481 Im 3200 F 3115 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 14070 Im 14154 Im 14815 Im 12000 F 11621 Im
Coconuts Yield 46900 Fc 38852.6 Fc 42559.6 Fc 37500 Fc 37306.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 1848 Fc 1848 Fc 1792 Fc 1774.08 Fc 1774.92 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4000 F 4290 F 4160 F 4118 Im 4120 Im
Cottonseed Seed 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1280 Fc 1200 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 2700 F 2500 F 2661 Im 2750 F 2696 Im
Dates Production Quantity 12000 F 10500 F 11797 Im 12000 F 11326 Im
Dates Yield 44444.4 Fc 42000 Fc 44333 Fc 43636.4 Fc 42010.4 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 16500 A 16500 A 16000 A 15839 A 16110 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1848 A 1848 A 1792 A 1774.08 A 1774.92 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1120.07 Fc 1101.75 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24583 A 23159 A 23152 A 22297 A 22112 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 216766 A 199989 A 208350 A 202090 A 200073 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 88177.2 Fc 86354.8 Fc 89992.2 Fc 90635.5 Fc 90481.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 15145 Im 14046 Im 14000 F 13000 F 12962 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 138696 Im 127289 Im 135000 F 129000 F 127680 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 91578.7 Fc 90622.9 Fc 96428.6 Fc 99230.8 Fc 98503.3 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1549 Im 1437 Im 1432 Im 1480 Im 1450 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 6665 Im 6200 F 6541 Im 6150 F 6100 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 43027.8 Fc 43145.4 Fc 45677.4 Fc 41554.1 Fc 42069 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 4900 F 10000 F 11000 * 3580 * 3580 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5000 F 8500 F 9460 * 4180 * 4182 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 318 Fc 294 Fc 600 Fc 660 Fc 214.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10204.1 Fc 8500 Fc 8600 Fc 11676 Fc 11681.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1250 F 1304 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1220 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 8300 F 7920 Im 8400 F 8300 F 8200 *
Lemons and limes Yield 66400 Fc 60736.2 Fc 64615.4 Fc 66400 Fc 67213.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 235000 F 290000 F 289870 * 197320 * 201420 *
Maize Production Quantity 97000 F 200000 F 202470 * 268860 * 287500 *
Maize Seed 6474.9 Fc 7050 Fc 8700 Fc 8696.1 Fc 5919.6 Fc
Maize Yield 4127.66 Fc 6896.55 Fc 6984.86 Fc 13625.6 Fc 14273.7 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 130 F 138 F 125 Im 135 F 132 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1000 F 1080 F 952 Im 1040 F 1115 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 76923.1 Fc 78260.9 Fc 76160 Fc 77037 Fc 84469.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 86400 A 119580 A 102349 A 85619 A 82805 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 30686.5 A 32441.4 A 26406 A 19948.6 A 19104 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1112.48 A 1101.12 A 1357.33 A 1270.13 A 1014.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3551.67 Fc 2712.94 Fc 2580 Fc 2329.92 Fc 2307.11 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 86400 A 119580 A 102349 A 85619 A 82805 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25571 A 26906.2 A 21874.5 A 16372.9 A 15636.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 575.09 A 566 A 775.78 A 711.83 A 527.34 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2959.61 Fc 2250.06 Fc 2137.24 Fc 1912.3 Fc 1888.36 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2612 Im 2039 Im 2200 * 2150 * 2150 *
Onions, dry Production Quantity 8000 F 8500 F 8300 * 7740 * 7740 *
Onions, dry Yield 30627.9 Fc 41687.1 Fc 37727.3 Fc 36000 Fc 36000 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1400 F 1500 F 1434 Im 1482 Im 1452 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 8700 F 9000 F 8760 P 8700 F 8752 Im
Oranges Yield 62142.9 Fc 60000 Fc 61087.9 Fc 58704.4 Fc 60275.5 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65000 A 74321 A 67000 A 65000 A 62625 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18000 A 20301 A 18500 A 17500 A 14995 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 5086.16 A 5200 A 5945.68 A 5360 A 5200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 2769.23 Fc 2731.53 Fc 2761.19 Fc 2692.31 Fc 2394.41 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 3177 Im 3180 Im 3000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 20855 Im 19982 Im 18000 * 12000 * 12000 *
Rice, paddy Seed 208 Fc 254.16 Fc 254.4 Fc 240 Fc 160 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 65643.7 Fc 62836.5 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9250 A 9894 A 10114 A 9400 A 9425 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 89000 A 101479 A 93762 A 82286 A 87133 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 96216.2 Fc 102566 Fc 92705.2 Fc 87538.3 Fc 92448.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 16500 F 16500 F 16000 F 15839 Im 16110 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 6600 F 6600 F 6400 F 6336 Im 6339 Im
Seed cotton Yield 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000.25 Fc 3934.82 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 62000 F 89437 Im 71868 Im 63000 F 60000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 50237 Im 50767 Im 38244 Im 30000 F 28400 *
Sesame seed Seed 624.39 Fc 620 Fc 894.37 Fc 718.68 Fc 630 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 8102.74 Fc 5676.29 Fc 5321.42 Fc 4761.9 Fc 4733.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 427000 F 468387 Im 440000 * 383635 * 368000 *
Sorghum Production Quantity 145000 * 140000 F 145000 * 121000 * 141393 *
Sorghum Seed 4600 Fc 8540 Fc 9367.74 Fc 8800 Fc 7672.7 Fc
Sorghum Yield 3395.78 Fc 2988.98 Fc 3295.45 Fc 3154.04 Fc 3842.2 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 5800 F 5500 F 6200 * 6600 F 6200 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 200000 F 150000 F 200000 * 230000 F 210000 F
Sugar cane Yield 344828 Fc 272727 Fc 322581 Fc 348485 Fc 338710 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 750 F 800 F 961 Im 700 F 618 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 7000 F 8000 F 8762 Im 7000 F 7133 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 93333.3 Fc 100000 Fc 91175.9 Fc 100000 Fc 115421 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 228 Im 251 Im 250 F 270 F 280 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 110 Im 120 Im 107 Im 100 F 110 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 4824.56 Fc 4780.88 Fc 4280 Fc 3703.7 Fc 3928.57 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 12000 F 16644 Im 13000 F 12000 F 11900 *
Tomatoes Production Quantity 16000 F 17894 Im 18000 F 16000 F 16100 *
Tomatoes Yield 13333.3 Fc 10751 Fc 13846.2 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13529.4 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 7500 F 8400 F 8200 F 8000 F 8937 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 52000 F 58000 F 55000 F 53000 F 65341 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 69333.3 Fc 69047.6 Fc 67073.2 Fc 66250 Fc 73112.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 22832 A 28120 A 24210 A 23380 A 24497 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 83000 A 92937 A 89100 A 88740 A 103951 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 36352.5 Fc 33050.1 Fc 36803 Fc 37955.5 Fc 42434.2 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22832 A 28120 A 24210 A 23380 A 24497 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 83000 A 92937 A 89100 A 88740 A 103951 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 36352.5 Fc 33050.1 Fc 36803 Fc 37955.5 Fc 42434.2 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 720 F 1037 Im 810 * 1230 * 1510 *
Watermelons Production Quantity 7000 F 8543 Im 7800 * 12000 F 14770 *
Watermelons Yield 97222.2 Fc 82381.9 Fc 96296.3 Fc 97561 Fc 97814.6 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2600 F 3100 F 3619 Im 2879 Im 2822 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 960 F 1200 F 1000 F 891 Im 978 Im
Wheat Seed 207.36 Fc 208 Fc 248 Fc 289.52 Fc 230.32 Fc
Wheat Yield 3692.31 Fc 3870.97 Fc 2763.19 Fc 3094.82 Fc 3465.63 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 44129 Fm 44129 Fm 44129 Fm 44128 Fm 44028 Fm
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.3 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.3 I
Arable land Area 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1129 Fm 1129 Fm 1129 Fm 1128 Fm 1028 Fm
Country area Area 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W
Forest area Area 6670.2 Fm 6747 Q 6823.8 Fm 6900.6 Fm 6977.4 Fm
Inland water Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Land area Area 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm
Other land Area 11934.8 Fm 11858 Fm 11781.2 Fm 11705.4 Fm 11728.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 29 Fm 29 Fm 29 Fm 28 Fm 28 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 44168 Fm 44377 Fm 44377 Fm 44276 Fm 44226 Fm
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 1140 Fm 1350 Fm 1350 Fm 1250 E 1200 E
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1168 Fm 1377 Fm 1377 Fm 1276 Fm 1226 Fm
Country area Area 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 Q 63766 Q
Forest area Area 7054.2 Fm 7131 Q 7207.8 Fm 7284.6 Fm 7361.4 Fm
Inland water Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Land area Area 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Q 62734 Q
Other land Area 11511.8 Fm 11226 Fm 11149.2 Fm 11173.4 Fm 11146.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 28 Fm 27 Fm 27 Fm 26 F 26 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 F 43000 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 I 200 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files