Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Somalia

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Datasheet

Somalia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeCastellani and Mohamed (1981); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedDe Lotto (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeVannini and Innocenti (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWHO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, Few occurrencesSchulthess (1898)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadAbukar et al. (1986); Lavigne (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentTsai (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVinson and Vinson (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, Few occurrencesNativeJuniper and Parr (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCraig (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentNativeSommer et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentNativeWoodland (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedNativeFischer-Piette and Métivier (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2020); Spence (1938); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedKarshe (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBeccari and Scavazzon (1966); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia coleiPresent, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativePlants of the World Online (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeAfrican Plant Database (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBrutsch and Zimmermann (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMadany (1991); Thulin (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedTamado and Milberg (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); USDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008); Thulin (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentBlundell (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasivePasiecznik et al. (2001); Awale and Sugule (2006); Shibeshi et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Gillett (1963); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeMohamed et al. (2001); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978); Calimini et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben and Denton (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)Present, WidespreadNativeThulin (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentHoare (1972)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscamelpox virusPresentKriz (1982)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentSchoepf et al. (1984); OIE (2012)
anthraxPresentOIE (2012)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentMani et al. (1978); CABI (Undated)
bovine papillomatosisPresentAbdi and Testi (1991)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentCABI (Undated); Ostanello et al. (1999)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOstanello et al. (1999); OIE (2012)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxPresentOIE (2012); Kriz (1982)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSchmatz et al. (1978)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2012); Kitching (1998)
heartwaterPresentOIE (2012); Pellegrini (1945); Evans (1963)
lumpy skin diseasePresentNawathe et al. (1982); OIE (2012)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2012)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2012)
surraPresentHoare (1972)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1993)
Theileria parva infectionsPresentAbdilahi (1977)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 1593 Im 2098 Im 2388 Im 2323 Im 2303 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 37968 Im 43563 Im 42461 Im 40955 Im 41017 Im
Bananas Yield 238343 Fc 207641 Fc 177810 Fc 176302 Fc 178102 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 85618 Im 69684 Im 68773 Im 58806 Im 63577 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 25778 Im 21301 Im 20972 Im 16565 Im 18482 Im
Beans, dry Seed 6849.44 Fc 6849.44 Fc 5574.72 Fc 5501.84 Fc 4704.48 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 3010.82 Fc 3056.8 Fc 3049.45 Fc 2816.89 Fc 2907.03 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 9250 Im 9008 Im 10288 Im 9108 Im 8600 F
Cassava Production Quantity 87356 Im 79451 Im 83885 Im 78745 Im 73341 Im
Cassava Yield 94438.9 Fc 88200.5 Fc 81536.7 Fc 86457 Fc 85280.2 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 582545 A 566138 A 578604 A 570074 A 451022 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 264288 A 225180 A 203189 A 187110 A 190642 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 14066 A 14066 A 13692.9 A 13828.3 A 14138.6 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 4536.78 Fc 3977.48 Fc 3511.7 Fc 3282.21 Fc 4226.89 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 582545 A 566138 A 578604 A 570074 A 451022 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 271586 A 231989 A 208683 A 192634 A 195970 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 14066 A 14066 A 13692.9 A 13828.3 A 14138.6 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 4662.06 Fc 4097.75 Fc 3606.66 Fc 3379.11 Fc 4345.02 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4138 A 4024 A 4167 A 4357 A 4319 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 24650 A 22905 A 19649 A 21845 A 24738 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 59569.8 Fc 56921 Fc 47153.8 Fc 50137.7 Fc 57277.2 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 576761 A 560158 A 573000 A 564547 A 445830 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 248624 A 210352 A 191233 A 175046 A 179000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 13603.3 A 13603.3 A 13214.5 A 13380 A 13696.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 4310.69 Fc 3755.23 Fc 3337.4 Fc 3100.65 Fc 4014.98 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 3592 Im 3555 Im 3419 Im 3154 Im 3028 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 13005 Im 11090 * 10410 * 12000 * 12000 *
Coconuts Yield 36205.5 Fc 31195.5 Fc 30447.5 Fc 38046.9 Fc 39630.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2100 Fc 1960 Fc 1848 Fc 1848 Fc 1848 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4800 F 4550 F 4901 Im 4828 Im 4305 Im
Cottonseed Seed 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 2590 Im 2531 Im 2708 Im 2604 Im 2581 Im
Dates Production Quantity 12713 Im 12935 Im 12777 Im 11870 Im 11888 Im
Dates Yield 49084.9 Fc 51106.3 Fc 47182.4 Fc 45583.7 Fc 46059.7 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 16500 A 15278 A 20967 A 16500 A 16500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2100 A 1960 A 1848 A 1848 A 1848 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 1272.73 Fc 1282.89 Fc 881.39 Fc 1120 Fc 1120 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23177 A 23111 A 24652 A 24035 A 23825 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 223317 A 229975 A 223626 A 212938 A 216031 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 96352.9 Fc 99508.9 Fc 90713.1 Fc 88595 Fc 90674.1 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 14525 Im 14195 Im 15189 Im 14607 Im 14479 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 146927 Im 149494 Im 147674 Im 137190 Im 137397 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 101155 Fc 105315 Fc 97224.3 Fc 93920.7 Fc 94894 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1486 Im 1452 Im 1554 Im 1494 Im 1481 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 7060 Im 7183 Im 7096 Im 6593 Im 6603 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 47510.1 Fc 49469.7 Fc 45662.8 Fc 44129.8 Fc 44584.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5638 Im 5732 Im 5331 Im 4990 Im 5300 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 7006 Im 6795 Im 5258 Im 5160 Im 5500 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 338.28 Fc 338.28 Fc 343.92 Fc 319.86 Fc 299.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12426.4 Fc 11854.5 Fc 9863.07 Fc 10340.7 Fc 10377.4 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1199 Im 1172 Im 1254 Im 1513 Im 1500 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 7098 Im 7222 Im 7134 Im 6646 Im 9516 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 59199.3 Fc 61621.2 Fc 56889.9 Fc 43926 Fc 63440 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 206804 Im 201129 Im 192000 P 240547 Im 215830 Im
Maize Production Quantity 133597 Im 120000 F 107216 Im 100000 F 99000 F
Maize Seed 6204.12 Fc 6204.12 Fc 6033.87 Fc 5760 Fc 7216.41 Fc
Maize Yield 6460.08 Fc 5966.32 Fc 5584.17 Fc 4157.19 Fc 4586.94 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 331 Im 263 Im 200 Im 144 Im 143 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1059 Im 1078 Im 1065 Im 1078 Im 991 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 31994 Fc 40988.6 Fc 53250 Fc 74861.1 Fc 69300.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 105889 A 103400 A 101056 A 83230 A 87267 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 47407.1 A 44628.8 A 38075.4 A 32955.7 A 30656.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1210.56 A 1210.56 A 1205.95 A 1158.58 A 1085.76 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4477.06 Fc 4316.14 Fc 3767.75 Fc 3959.6 Fc 3512.99 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 105889 A 103400 A 101056 A 83230 A 87267 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 39345.3 A 36954.8 A 31323.4 A 27128 A 25324 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 657.37 A 657.37 A 653.37 A 613.92 A 552.94 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3715.71 Fc 3573.97 Fc 3099.61 Fc 3259.4 Fc 2901.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3007 Im 2419 Im 2226 Im 2270 Im 2692 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 9978 Im 7649 Im 6857 Im 8399 Im 8383 Im
Onions, dry Yield 33182.6 Fc 31620.5 Fc 30804.1 Fc 37000 Fc 31140.4 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1453 Im 1400 F 1359 Im 1350 Im 1338 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 10492 Im 8500 F 5419 Im 8606 Im 8619 Im
Oranges Yield 72209.2 Fc 60714.3 Fc 39874.9 Fc 63748.2 Fc 64417 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 85618 A 69684 A 68773 A 58806 A 63577 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25778 A 21301 A 20972 A 16565 A 18482 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 6849.44 A 6849.44 A 5574.72 A 5501.84 A 4704.48 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 3010.82 Fc 3056.8 Fc 3049.45 Fc 2816.89 Fc 2907.03 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 3122 Im 3053 Im 2917 Im 3022 Im 2600 F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 21916 Im 20447 Im 16500 F 16588 Im 16000 F
Rice, paddy Seed 249.76 Fc 249.76 Fc 244.24 Fc 233.36 Fc 241.76 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 70198.6 Fc 66973.5 Fc 56565 Fc 54890.8 Fc 61538.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 10056 A 9850 A 11183 A 9881 A 9343 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 95331 A 87974 A 91200 A 86181 A 80371 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 94800.1 Fc 89313.7 Fc 81552.4 Fc 87218.9 Fc 86022.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 16500 Im 15278 Im 20967 Im 16500 F 16500 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 7500 F 7000 F 6600 F 6600 F 6600 F
Seed cotton Yield 4545.45 Fc 4581.75 Fc 3147.8 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 80159 Im 78835 Im 71339 Im 58586 Im 62439 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 80895 Im 76155 Im 64206 Im 54064 Im 49826 Im
Sesame seed Seed 801.59 Fc 801.59 Fc 788.35 Fc 713.39 Fc 585.86 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 10091.8 Fc 9660.05 Fc 9000.13 Fc 9228.14 Fc 7979.95 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 369957 Im 359029 Im 381000 P 324000 P 230000 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 115027 Im 90352 Im 84017 Im 75046 Im 80000 F
Sorghum Seed 7399.14 Fc 7399.14 Fc 7180.58 Fc 7620 Fc 6480 Fc
Sorghum Yield 3109.2 Fc 2516.57 Fc 2205.17 Fc 2316.23 Fc 3478.26 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 6200 F 6200 F 6200 F 6000 F 6000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 230000 F 230000 F 230000 F 200000 F 200000 F
Sugar cane Yield 370968 Fc 370968 Fc 370968 Fc 333333 Fc 333333 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 806 Im 842 Im 895 Im 773 Im 743 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 7975 Im 8523 Im 7315 Im 7436 Im 7030 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 98945.4 Fc 101223 Fc 81731.8 Fc 96196.6 Fc 94616.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 344 F 344 F 344 Im 304 Im 223 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 138 Im 136 Im 151 Im 147 Im 142 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 4011.63 Fc 3953.49 Fc 4389.53 Fc 4835.53 Fc 6367.71 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 11114 Im 10774 Im 10962 Im 12436 Im 11351 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 17572 Im 18671 Im 16013 Im 13418 Im 17671 Im
Tomatoes Yield 15810.7 Fc 17329.7 Fc 14607.7 Fc 10789.6 Fc 15567.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8014 Im 8400 F 8791 Im 7181 Im 7800 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 72639 Im 77182 Im 66193 Im 55424 Im 57492 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 90640.1 Fc 91883.3 Fc 75296.3 Fc 77181.4 Fc 73707.7 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23156 A 22663 A 23041 A 22875 A 22693 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 110466 A 114422 A 98428 A 86866 A 91846 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 47705.1 Fc 50488.5 Fc 42718.6 Fc 37974.2 Fc 40473.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23156 A 22663 A 23041 A 22875 A 22693 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 110466 A 114422 A 98428 A 86866 A 91846 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 47705.1 Fc 50488.5 Fc 42718.6 Fc 37974.2 Fc 40473.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 1021 Im 1070 Im 1062 Im 988 Im 850 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 10277 Im 10920 Im 9365 Im 9625 Im 8300 F
Watermelons Yield 100656 Fc 102056 Fc 88182.7 Fc 97419 Fc 97647.1 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2662 Im 2927 Im 2687 Im 2505 Im 2592 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 1046 Im 1190 Im 950 F 1000 F 970 F
Wheat Seed 212.96 Fc 212.96 Fc 234.16 Fc 214.96 Fc 200.4 Fc
Wheat Yield 3929.38 Fc 4065.6 Fc 3535.54 Fc 3992.02 Fc 3742.28 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 2409 Im 2234 Im 2200 * 2200 * 2200 *
Bananas Production Quantity 41405 Im 38000 F 36900 * 36900 * 36900 *
Bananas Yield 171876 Fc 170098 Fc 167727 Fc 167727 Fc 167727 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 65000 F 74321 Im 67000 F 65000 F 62625 Im
Beans, dry Production Quantity 18000 F 20301 Im 18500 F 17500 F 14995 Im
Beans, dry Seed 5086.16 Fc 5200 Fc 5945.68 Fc 5360 Fc 5200 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 2769.23 Fc 2731.53 Fc 2761.19 Fc 2692.31 Fc 2394.41 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 8500 F 9094 Im 9153 Im 8700 F 8807 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 82000 F 93479 Im 85000 F 75286 Im 80000 F
Cassava Yield 96470.6 Fc 102792 Fc 92865.7 Fc 86535.6 Fc 90836.8 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 667777 A 764667 A 736489 A 585834 A 574242 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 256870 A 354528 A 360476 A 398755 A 437875 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 11490.3 A 16052.2 A 18570.1 A 18025.6 A 13982.6 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3846.65 Fc 4636.37 Fc 4894.52 Fc 6806.62 Fc 7625.27 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 667777 A 764667 A 736489 A 585834 A 574242 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 263815 A 361182 A 366470 A 402751 A 441871 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 11490.3 A 16052.2 A 18570.1 A 18025.6 A 13982.6 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3950.65 Fc 4723.39 Fc 4975.91 Fc 6874.83 Fc 7694.86 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4199 A 4241 A 4166 A 4212 A 4122 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23665 A 23120 A 23701 A 23150 A 23052 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 56358.7 Fc 54515.4 Fc 56891.5 Fc 54962 Fc 55924.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 662000 A 758387 A 729870 A 580955 A 569420 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 242000 A 340000 A 347470 A 389860 A 428893 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 11074.9 A 15590 A 18067.7 A 17496.1 A 13592.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3655.59 Fc 4483.2 Fc 4760.71 Fc 6710.67 Fc 7532.1 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 3000 F 3643 Im 3481 Im 3200 F 3115 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 14070 Im 14154 Im 14815 Im 12000 F 11621 Im
Coconuts Yield 46900 Fc 38852.6 Fc 42559.6 Fc 37500 Fc 37306.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 1848 Fc 1848 Fc 1792 Fc 1774.08 Fc 1774.92 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4000 F 4290 F 4160 F 4118 Im 4120 Im
Cottonseed Seed 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1320 Fc 1280 Fc 1200 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 2700 F 2500 F 2661 Im 2750 F 2696 Im
Dates Production Quantity 12000 F 10500 F 11797 Im 12000 F 11326 Im
Dates Yield 44444.4 Fc 42000 Fc 44333 Fc 43636.4 Fc 42010.4 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 16500 A 16500 A 16000 A 15839 A 16110 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1848 A 1848 A 1792 A 1774.08 A 1774.92 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1120 Fc 1120.07 Fc 1101.75 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24583 A 23159 A 23152 A 22297 A 22112 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 216766 A 199989 A 208350 A 202090 A 200073 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 88177.2 Fc 86354.8 Fc 89992.2 Fc 90635.5 Fc 90481.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 15145 Im 14046 Im 14000 F 13000 F 12962 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 138696 Im 127289 Im 135000 F 129000 F 127680 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 91578.7 Fc 90622.9 Fc 96428.6 Fc 99230.8 Fc 98503.3 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1549 Im 1437 Im 1432 Im 1480 Im 1450 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 6665 Im 6200 F 6541 Im 6150 F 6100 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 43027.8 Fc 43145.4 Fc 45677.4 Fc 41554.1 Fc 42069 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 4900 F 10000 F 11000 * 3580 * 3580 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5000 F 8500 F 9460 * 4180 * 4182 *
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 318 Fc 294 Fc 600 Fc 660 Fc 214.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10204.1 Fc 8500 Fc 8600 Fc 11676 Fc 11681.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1250 F 1304 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1220 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 8300 F 7920 Im 8400 F 8300 F 8200 *
Lemons and limes Yield 66400 Fc 60736.2 Fc 64615.4 Fc 66400 Fc 67213.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 235000 F 290000 F 289870 * 197320 * 201420 *
Maize Production Quantity 97000 F 200000 F 202470 * 268860 * 287500 *
Maize Seed 6474.9 Fc 7050 Fc 8700 Fc 8696.1 Fc 5919.6 Fc
Maize Yield 4127.66 Fc 6896.55 Fc 6984.86 Fc 13625.6 Fc 14273.7 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 130 F 138 F 125 Im 135 F 132 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1000 F 1080 F 952 Im 1040 F 1115 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 76923.1 Fc 78260.9 Fc 76160 Fc 77037 Fc 84469.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 86400 A 119580 A 102349 A 85619 A 82805 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 30686.5 A 32441.4 A 26406 A 19948.6 A 19104 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1112.48 A 1101.12 A 1357.33 A 1270.13 A 1014.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3551.67 Fc 2712.94 Fc 2580 Fc 2329.92 Fc 2307.11 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 86400 A 119580 A 102349 A 85619 A 82805 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25571 A 26906.2 A 21874.5 A 16372.9 A 15636.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 575.09 A 566 A 775.78 A 711.83 A 527.34 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2959.61 Fc 2250.06 Fc 2137.24 Fc 1912.3 Fc 1888.36 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2612 Im 2039 Im 2200 * 2150 * 2150 *
Onions, dry Production Quantity 8000 F 8500 F 8300 * 7740 * 7740 *
Onions, dry Yield 30627.9 Fc 41687.1 Fc 37727.3 Fc 36000 Fc 36000 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1400 F 1500 F 1434 Im 1482 Im 1452 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 8700 F 9000 F 8760 P 8700 F 8752 Im
Oranges Yield 62142.9 Fc 60000 Fc 61087.9 Fc 58704.4 Fc 60275.5 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65000 A 74321 A 67000 A 65000 A 62625 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18000 A 20301 A 18500 A 17500 A 14995 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 5086.16 A 5200 A 5945.68 A 5360 A 5200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 2769.23 Fc 2731.53 Fc 2761.19 Fc 2692.31 Fc 2394.41 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 3177 Im 3180 Im 3000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 20855 Im 19982 Im 18000 * 12000 * 12000 *
Rice, paddy Seed 208 Fc 254.16 Fc 254.4 Fc 240 Fc 160 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 65643.7 Fc 62836.5 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9250 A 9894 A 10114 A 9400 A 9425 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 89000 A 101479 A 93762 A 82286 A 87133 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 96216.2 Fc 102566 Fc 92705.2 Fc 87538.3 Fc 92448.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 16500 F 16500 F 16000 F 15839 Im 16110 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 6600 F 6600 F 6400 F 6336 Im 6339 Im
Seed cotton Yield 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 4000.25 Fc 3934.82 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 62000 F 89437 Im 71868 Im 63000 F 60000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 50237 Im 50767 Im 38244 Im 30000 F 28400 *
Sesame seed Seed 624.39 Fc 620 Fc 894.37 Fc 718.68 Fc 630 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 8102.74 Fc 5676.29 Fc 5321.42 Fc 4761.9 Fc 4733.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 427000 F 468387 Im 440000 * 383635 * 368000 *
Sorghum Production Quantity 145000 * 140000 F 145000 * 121000 * 141393 *
Sorghum Seed 4600 Fc 8540 Fc 9367.74 Fc 8800 Fc 7672.7 Fc
Sorghum Yield 3395.78 Fc 2988.98 Fc 3295.45 Fc 3154.04 Fc 3842.2 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 5800 F 5500 F 6200 * 6600 F 6200 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 200000 F 150000 F 200000 * 230000 F 210000 F
Sugar cane Yield 344828 Fc 272727 Fc 322581 Fc 348485 Fc 338710 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 750 F 800 F 961 Im 700 F 618 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 7000 F 8000 F 8762 Im 7000 F 7133 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 93333.3 Fc 100000 Fc 91175.9 Fc 100000 Fc 115421 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 228 Im 251 Im 250 F 270 F 280 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 110 Im 120 Im 107 Im 100 F 110 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 4824.56 Fc 4780.88 Fc 4280 Fc 3703.7 Fc 3928.57 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 12000 F 16644 Im 13000 F 12000 F 11900 *
Tomatoes Production Quantity 16000 F 17894 Im 18000 F 16000 F 16100 *
Tomatoes Yield 13333.3 Fc 10751 Fc 13846.2 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13529.4 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 7500 F 8400 F 8200 F 8000 F 8937 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 52000 F 58000 F 55000 F 53000 F 65341 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 69333.3 Fc 69047.6 Fc 67073.2 Fc 66250 Fc 73112.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 22832 A 28120 A 24210 A 23380 A 24497 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 83000 A 92937 A 89100 A 88740 A 103951 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 36352.5 Fc 33050.1 Fc 36803 Fc 37955.5 Fc 42434.2 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22832 A 28120 A 24210 A 23380 A 24497 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 83000 A 92937 A 89100 A 88740 A 103951 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 36352.5 Fc 33050.1 Fc 36803 Fc 37955.5 Fc 42434.2 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 720 F 1037 Im 810 * 1230 * 1510 *
Watermelons Production Quantity 7000 F 8543 Im 7800 * 12000 F 14770 *
Watermelons Yield 97222.2 Fc 82381.9 Fc 96296.3 Fc 97561 Fc 97814.6 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2600 F 3100 F 3619 Im 2879 Im 2822 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 960 F 1200 F 1000 F 891 Im 978 Im
Wheat Seed 207.36 Fc 208 Fc 248 Fc 289.52 Fc 230.32 Fc
Wheat Yield 3692.31 Fc 3870.97 Fc 2763.19 Fc 3094.82 Fc 3465.63 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 44129 Fm 44129 Fm 44129 Fm 44128 Fm 44028 Fm
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.3 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.3 I
Arable land Area 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1129 Fm 1129 Fm 1129 Fm 1128 Fm 1028 Fm
Country area Area 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W
Forest area Area 6670.2 Fm 6747 Q 6823.8 Fm 6900.6 Fm 6977.4 Fm
Inland water Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Land area Area 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm
Other land Area 11934.8 Fm 11858 Fm 11781.2 Fm 11705.4 Fm 11728.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 29 Fm 29 Fm 29 Fm 28 Fm 28 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 44168 Fm 44377 Fm 44377 Fm 44276 Fm 44226 Fm
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 1140 Fm 1350 Fm 1350 Fm 1250 E 1200 E
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1168 Fm 1377 Fm 1377 Fm 1276 Fm 1226 Fm
Country area Area 63766 W 63766 W 63766 W 63766 Q 63766 Q
Forest area Area 7054.2 Fm 7131 Q 7207.8 Fm 7284.6 Fm 7361.4 Fm
Inland water Area 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm 1032 Fm
Land area Area 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Fm 62734 Q 62734 Q
Other land Area 11511.8 Fm 11226 Fm 11149.2 Fm 11173.4 Fm 11146.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 28 Fm 27 Fm 27 Fm 26 F 26 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 Fm 43000 F 43000 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm 200 I 200 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files