Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

San Marino

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Datasheet

San Marino

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 33,860 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,655.30 (2018)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedBall and Akeroyd (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentBoulos (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentSalvatore et al. (2013); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 W1 Fm
AgricultureArea2 Fc2 Fc2 Fc2 Fc1 Fc
Arable landArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm1 Fm
Country areaArea6 W6 W6 W6 W6 W
CroplandArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm1 Fm
Forest landArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Land areaArea6 W6 W6 W6 W6 W
Land under permanent cropsArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 W
Naturally regenerating forestArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Other landArea3 Fc3 Fc3 Fc3 Fc4 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.