Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Saint Helena

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Datasheet

Saint Helena

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Saint Helena
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Jamestown

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1959.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesChhotani, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Medlock et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Cadahia, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesSchedl, 1959; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Booth et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Native YesDurrant, 1925; Suss, 1974; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Widespread Decelle and Voss, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Garcia et al., 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Restricted distribution Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesMelliss, 1875.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced Lever, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Introduced Long, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced Taylor, 1914.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Crowley and Pain, 1977; Barker, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Widespread Native NoA. Darlow, Invasive Species Project officer, St. Helena, personal communication, 2013; Holttum, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoReed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced Cronk, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced YesVarnham, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Introduced YesAshmole and Ashmole, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush) Present Introduced YesGISD, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Introduced GISP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Present Introduced Hilliard, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Introduced IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Introduced YesBrown, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Introduced Weimarck, 1946.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesCronk, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced ISSG, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced ISSG, 2013; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced GISD, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced YesRenshaw et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Introduced Sauer, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Ulloa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced Cronk, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesJulien and Griffiths, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Frahm, 1985a.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm
Arable land Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Country area Area 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm
Forest area Area 2 Fm 2 Q 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land area Area 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm 39 Fm
Other land Area 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 F 12 F
Arable land Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 F 4 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 F 4 F
Country area Area 39 Fm 39 Q 39 Q 39 Q 39 Q
Forest area Area 2 Fm 2 E 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land area Area 39 Fm 39 Q 39 Q 39 Q 39 Q
Other land Area 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 F 8 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files