Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Singapore

Toolbox

Datasheet

Singapore

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); Yik (1988); Yik et al. (1994)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentLim (1988); Yik (1988); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentNativeInvasiveAVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); IPPC (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraham (1969); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, Few occurrencesYik (1988); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)AbsentIPPC (2019); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentUK, CAB International (1981); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978); APPPC (1987); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedJones et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1968); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentAPPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)PresentDrew and Hancock (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveAVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentNativeDrew and Hancock (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)AbsentEPPO (2020); IPPC (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresent, WidespreadAVA (2001); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentAPPPC (1987); NHM (1999); AVA (2001); Rethinam and Singh (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)AbsentEPPO (2020); IPPC (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeWee and Ng (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedAhyong and Yeo (2007); Belle and Yeo (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilades pandavaPresent, WidespreadAVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite)PresentNativeSnyder (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadReuben et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedWaterhouse (1993); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentUK, CAB International (1981); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan and Gullan (2012); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedSEAFDEC (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadMurphy (1973); APPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Present, LocalizedNativeShrimp News (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1986); Waterhouse (1993); AVA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967); Ng et al. (1997); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2016); Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)Present, WidespreadAVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1976); AVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeHuang KunWei (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Waterhouse (1993); AVA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadInvasiveLee and Kooi (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentWaterhouse (1993); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); AVA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Waterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Present, WidespreadAVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentAVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeNHM (1984); Murphy and Meepol (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Chou and Lam (1989); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentIntroducedThorington et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)PresentIntroducedTan and Tan (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (Mayan cichlid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNg and Tan (2010); Froese R and Pauly D (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Chou and Lam (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentNativeRobson (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGroenewoud and Law (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAllen (2012); BirdForum (2015); Singapore Birds (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Baensch and Riehl (1985); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeJiang et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993); FAO (1997); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedChou and Lam (1989); Ng et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedCramp (1985); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International (2017); IUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTan and Tan (2002); Baker (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)Present, WidespreadHo (1980); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentNativeLow and Lim (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedNg et al. (1993); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Mead (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedNativeOBIS (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytella charruana (Charru mussel)PresentIntroducedLim et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSachidhanandam and Chou (1996); Chan (1997); Tan and Morton (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedCowie (2002); Halwart and Bartley (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentIntroducedHayes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, Few occurrencesAVA (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); Anonymous (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesAVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentAVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentAVA (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentNativeTeo and Wee (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeChou and Wong (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, LocalizedNativeHolttum (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentNativeChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWee and Chua (1988); Chong et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)PresentNativeRidley HN (1926)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveWee (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentFosberg and Sachet (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeTeo and Wee (1983); Phang (1994); Withell et al. (1994); Silva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveTan and Tan (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPancho and Soerjani (1978); Holm et al. (1991); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)Present, Few occurrencesNativeChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenga pinnata (sugar palm)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)Present, WidespreadLeong (1987); Waterhouse (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedDuriyaprapan and Jansen (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHooker (1885); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedLock and Ford (2004); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWright (1912); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadRevilla et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYeo et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJacobs (1960); Wild (1960); Turner (1995); Waterhouse and Mitchell (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWee and Corlett (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeFlora of Singapore (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle (2007); Smithsonian (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017); Keng et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNational Parks Board (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedLee et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); Waterhouse (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedRevilla et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Corlett (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009); Randall (2012); PIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentLouis (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeInvasiveChong et al. (2009); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedSeegeler (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadCook and Luond (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeGilliland (1971); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentChuo et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentWaterhouse (1993); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedTeo et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Wilson (1997); Padua et al. (1999); IPCS, INCHEM (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentInvasiveChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLouis (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeStaples (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); Lee et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWee and Corlett (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); AVA (2001); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); Cantley and Dennys (1886)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentPancho and Soerjani (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNghiem et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedCreuwels (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentIntroducedVeldkamp (1999); Duistermaat (2004); Duistermaat (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachystachys coccinea (Cardinal's guard)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentWaterhouse (1993); Yeoh and Wee (1994); Anon (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHartemink (2006); Tan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentWaterhouse (1993); PIER (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentChua et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentChong et al. (2009); Corlett (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentNative and IntroducedChong et al. (2009); Barstow (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKeng et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentDuistermaat (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNational Parks Board (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009); ILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); Chong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSauer (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTan (2011); PIER (2016); Urban Forest (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentWaterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedChong et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativePIER (2016); Waterhouse (1993)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, Few occurrencesHolmes et al. (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentDahal and Albrechtsen (1996); CABI and EPPO (2010)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Lim (1977); Chew (1985)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Koh-Yeo et al. (1996)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsPresentChiew King-Tiong et al. (1991); Dance (1991)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CHAN and LOH (1966)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leucocytozoonosisPresentAkiba (1970)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Chew et al. (2000)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentRhoades and Rimler (1987); Tay et al. (1992)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadSingh et al. (1982); Loh et al. (1992)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested
Bananas Production Quantity
Bananas Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested
Beans, green Production Quantity
Beans, green Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 30 F 27 F 25 F 25 F 30 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 600 * 546 499 464 566
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 200000 Fc 202222 Fc 199600 Fc 185600 Fc 188667 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested F F F F F
Cassava Production Quantity F F F F F
Cassava Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 153 Im 157 Im 162 Im 164 Im 163 Im
Coconuts Yield 102000 Fc 104667 Fc 108000 Fc 109333 Fc 108667 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 3 A 3 A 3 A 3 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7 A 10 A 12 A 11 A 10 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 36666.7 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 7 Im 10 Im 12 Im 11 Im 10 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 36666.7 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 20 F 15 F 16 13 Im 14 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 400 * 366 402 346 319
Lettuce and chicory Yield 200000 Fc 244000 Fc 251250 Fc 266154 Fc 227857 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 8 Im 5 F 8 F 1 F 1 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 200 * 117 182 24 17
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 250000 Fc 234000 Fc 227500 Fc 240000 Fc 170000 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12.24 A 12.56 A 12.96 A 13.12 A 13.04 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8160 Fc 8373.33 Fc 8640 Fc 8746.67 Fc 8693.33 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19.89 A 20.41 A 21.06 A 21.32 A 21.19 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 13260 Fc 13606.7 Fc 14040 Fc 14213.3 Fc 14126.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield
Papayas Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 14 Im 13 Im 15 Im 10 Im 9 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 140000 Fc 130000 Fc 150000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14 A 13 A 15 A 10 A 9 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 140000 Fc 130000 Fc 150000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 100 F 95 F 105 F 99 Im 100 F
Spinach Production Quantity 2000 * 1883 2105 1890 2012
Spinach Yield 200000 Fc 198211 Fc 200476 Fc 190909 Fc 201200 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Yield
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested F 0.5 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 10 * 6 35 29 32
Tomatoes Yield 120000 Fc 175000 Fc 145000 Fc 160000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 980 F 977 Im 986 Im 989 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 17100 * 16572 16361 16214 16081
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 171000 Fc 169102 Fc 167462 Fc 164442 Fc 162599 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1158 A 1122.5 A 1133 A 1126 A 1136 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20310 A 19490 A 19584 A 18967 A 19027 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 175389 Fc 173630 Fc 172851 Fc 168446 Fc 167491 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1158 A 1122.5 A 1133 A 1126 A 1136 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20310 A 19490 A 19584 A 18967 A 19027 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 175389 Fc 173630 Fc 172851 Fc 168446 Fc 167491 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested
Bananas Production Quantity
Bananas Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested
Beans, green Production Quantity
Beans, green Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 28 F 24 F 20 F 25 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 533 465 408 489
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 190357 Fc 193750 Fc 204000 Fc 195600 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested F F F F F
Cassava Production Quantity F F F F F
Cassava Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 Im 14 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 153 Im 157 Im 148 Im 146 Im 142 Im
Coconuts Yield 102000 Fc 104667 Fc 98666.7 Fc 97333.3 Fc 101429 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 3 A 6 A 5 A 3 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11 A 9 A 8 A 9 A 10 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 36666.7 Fc 30000 Fc 13333.3 Fc 18000 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 6 Im 5 Im 3 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 11 Im 9 Im 8 Im 9 Im 10 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 36666.7 Fc 30000 Fc 13333.3 Fc 18000 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 15 Im 14 Im 16 F 15 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 347 329 322 306
Lettuce and chicory Yield 231333 Fc 235000 Fc 201250 Fc 204000 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 6 3 20 30
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 60000 Fc 30000 Fc 200000 Fc 300000 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 14 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12.24 A 12.56 A 11.84 A 11.68 A 11.36 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8160 Fc 8373.33 Fc 7893.33 Fc 7786.67 Fc 8114.29 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 14 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19.89 A 20.41 A 19.24 A 18.98 A 18.46 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 13260 Fc 13606.7 Fc 12826.7 Fc 12653.3 Fc 13185.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield
Papayas Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 11 Im 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 10 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 110000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11 A 9 A 10 A 9 A 10 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 110000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 117 Im 101 Im 94 Im 90 F
Spinach Production Quantity 1704 1722 1786 1548
Spinach Yield 145641 Fc 170495 Fc 190000 Fc 172000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Yield
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 33 35 35 36
Tomatoes Yield 165000 Fc 175000 Fc 175000 Fc 180000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 350 F 507 Im 499 Im 464 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 18077 5800 F 6986 Im 6560 Im 6583 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 180770 Fc 165714 Fc 137791 Fc 131463 Fc 141875 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1163 A 492 A 640 A 632 A 464 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20700 A 8354 A 9557 A 8969 A 6583 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 177988 Fc 169797 Fc 149328 Fc 141915 Fc 141875 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1163 A 492 A 640 A 632 A 464 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20700 A 8354 A 9557 A 8969 A 6583 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 177988 Fc 169797 Fc 149328 Fc 141915 Fc 141875 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 0.73 Fm 0.74 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.8 Fm
Arable land Area 0.63 Fm 0.64 Fm 0.6 Fm 0.6 Fm 0.7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.73 W 0.74 Q 0.7 Q 0.7 Q 0.8 Q
Country area Area 71 W 71 W 71 W 71 W 70.5 W
Forest area Area 2.3 Fm 2.3 Q 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 70 Fm 70 Fm 70 Fm 70 Fm 69.5 Fm
Other land Area 66.97 Fm 66.96 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm 66.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 1.2 Q
Arable land Area 0.65 Fm 0.6599999999999999 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.6 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 1.2 Q
Country area Area 70.4 Q 69.9 Q 69.9 Q 69.7 Q 68.5 Q
Forest area Area 2.3 Fm 2.3 Q 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 69.4 Fm 68.9 Fm 68.9 Fm 68.7 E 67.5 E
Other land Area 66.3 Fm 65.8 Fm 65.8 Fm 65.6 Fm 64 Fm
Permanent crops Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files