Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Singapore

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Datasheet

Singapore

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Singapore
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 100,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Singapore
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 4,588,600
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$32,340
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$148,399,816,704
  • GDP: US$161,347,387,392
  • Agriculture, value added: US$124,078,672

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present race 1; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Yik, 1988; Yik et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present Yik et al., 1994; Yik, 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Lim, 1988; Yik, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Native YesAVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesGraham, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present, few occurrences Yik, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present CIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; APPPC, 1987; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Widespread APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present Introduced YesNHM, unda; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced Jones et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Widespread UK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Native YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Present Drew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesAVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Native NoDrew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tau Present NHM London UK.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosa Widespread NHM London UK; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Wang et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Present NHM, 1999; APPPC, 1987; AVA, 2001; Rethinam and Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Wee and Ng, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present Introduced Ahyong and Yeo, 2007; Belle and Yeo, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilades pandava Widespread AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Absent, unreliable record Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority of Singapore, 2015, personal communication; CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite) Present Native Snyder, 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Reuben et al., 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Restricted distribution Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present CIE, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced SEAFDEC, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Native New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Murphy, 1973; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Localised Native NoShrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967; Ng et al., 1997; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Kim et al., 2004; Yang et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; Williams, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2016; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Widespread AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1976; AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper) Present Native NoHuang, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993; AVA, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Widespread YesLee and Kooi, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; AVA, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Blackman and Eastop, 1984; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Widespread AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoNHM, 1984; Murphy and Meepol, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Chou and Lam, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel) Present Introduced Thorington et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Introduced Tan and Tan, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid) Widespread Introduced YesNg and Tan, 2010; Froese and Pauly, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Menon , 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Introduced YesRyall, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Chou and Lam, 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present Native Robson, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Present, few occurrences Introduced Groenewoud and Law, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei) Localised Introduced Allen, 2012; BirdForum, 2015; Singapore Birds, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Baensch and Riehl, 1985; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present Native Jiang et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993; FAO, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Widespread Introduced Chou and Lam, 1989; Ng et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present Introduced Cramp, 1985; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul) Widespread Introduced BirdLife International, 2017; IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesTan and Tan, 2002; Baker, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Widespread Searle and Dhaliwal 1961; Ho, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoAvibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993; FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Ng et al., 1993; FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesMead, 1961; Mead, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Localised Native OBIS, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Localised Introduced Sachidhanandam and Chou, 1996; Chan, 1997; Tan and Morton, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native Poutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Introduced Cowie, 2002; Halwart and Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present, few occurrences AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present, few occurrences AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present AVA, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Native Teo and Wee, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Native NoChou and Wong, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Localised Native NoHolttum, 1954.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Introduced Wee and Chua, 1988; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present YesWee, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Fosberg and Sachet, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Teo and Wee, 1983; Phang, 1994; Withell et al., 1994; Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced YesTan and Tan, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Pancho and Soerjani, 1978; Holm et al., 1991; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present, few occurrences Native Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenga pinnata (sugar palm) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Widespread Henderson, 1959, Malaysian Wild Flowers; Leong, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Duriyaprapan and Jansen, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Hooker, 1885; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (Bougainvilla) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Introduced Lock and Ford, 2004; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Introduced YesWright, 1912; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Revilla et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Widespread Introduced YesJacobs, 1960; Wild, 1960; Turner, 1995; Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present only in captivity/cultivation
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWee and Corlett, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native Flora of Singapore, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Wilson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Localised Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoHEAR, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Introduced HEAR, 2017; Keng et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoNational Parks Board, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoNational Parks Board, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced Lee et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; Waterhouse, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Revilla et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012; Corlett, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Chong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Chong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native Chong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; Randall, 2012; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Louis, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native YesChong et al., 2009; ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Seegeler, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Cook and Lüönd, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Gilliland, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Chuo et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Waterhouse, 1993; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced Teo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Wilson, 1997; Padua et al., 1999; IPCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesBaretto et al., 1995; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present YesChong et al., 2009; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native HEAR, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced NoLouis, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Staples, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; Lee et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Widespread Introduced YesWee and Corlett, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2016; Cantley and Dennys, 1886.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present Pancho and Soerjani, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced YesNghiem et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Introduced Veldkamp, 1999; Duistermaat, 2004; Duistermaat, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Waterhouse, 1993; Yeoh and Wee, 1994; Anon, 1998a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Present Introduced YesRandall, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Widespread Introduced YesHartemink, 2006; Tan et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Waterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Chua et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Chong et al., 2009; Corlett, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Hsuan and Tan, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle) Present Native PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Duistermaat, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Native De Gennaro, 2011; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced National Parks Board, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2005; PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced NoChong et al., 2009; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009; ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Absent, invalid record PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015; Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Introduced YesSauer, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced YesTan, 2011; PIER, 2016; Urban Forest, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora&FaunaWeb, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Chong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native NoChong et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoPIER, 2016; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Present, few occurrences Holmes et al., 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Dahal and Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Lim, 1977; Chew, 1985.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Koh-Yeo et al., 1996.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
blackleg Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Last reported Dance, 1991; King-Tiong et al., 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties(1999).
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Tan and Lim , 1977.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Chan and Loh, 1966.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Akiba, 1970.
listeriosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Chew et al., 2000.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Rhoades and Rimler, 1987; Tay et al., 1992.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Singh et al., 1982; Loh et al., 1992.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Sanford et al., 2007.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested
Bananas Production Quantity
Bananas Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested
Beans, green Production Quantity
Beans, green Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 30 F 27 F 25 F 25 F 30 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 600 * 546 499 464 566
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 200000 Fc 202222 Fc 199600 Fc 185600 Fc 188667 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested F F F F F
Cassava Production Quantity F F F F F
Cassava Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 153 Im 157 Im 162 Im 164 Im 163 Im
Coconuts Yield 102000 Fc 104667 Fc 108000 Fc 109333 Fc 108667 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 3 A 3 A 3 A 3 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7 A 10 A 12 A 11 A 10 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 36666.7 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 7 Im 10 Im 12 Im 11 Im 10 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 40000 Fc 36666.7 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 20 F 15 F 16 13 Im 14 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 400 * 366 402 346 319
Lettuce and chicory Yield 200000 Fc 244000 Fc 251250 Fc 266154 Fc 227857 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 8 Im 5 F 8 F 1 F 1 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 200 * 117 182 24 17
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 250000 Fc 234000 Fc 227500 Fc 240000 Fc 170000 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12.24 A 12.56 A 12.96 A 13.12 A 13.04 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8160 Fc 8373.33 Fc 8640 Fc 8746.67 Fc 8693.33 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19.89 A 20.41 A 21.06 A 21.32 A 21.19 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 13260 Fc 13606.7 Fc 14040 Fc 14213.3 Fc 14126.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield
Papayas Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 14 Im 13 Im 15 Im 10 Im 9 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 140000 Fc 130000 Fc 150000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14 A 13 A 15 A 10 A 9 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 140000 Fc 130000 Fc 150000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 100 F 95 F 105 F 99 Im 100 F
Spinach Production Quantity 2000 * 1883 2105 1890 2012
Spinach Yield 200000 Fc 198211 Fc 200476 Fc 190909 Fc 201200 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Yield
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested F 0.5 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 10 * 6 35 29 32
Tomatoes Yield 120000 Fc 175000 Fc 145000 Fc 160000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 980 F 977 Im 986 Im 989 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 17100 * 16572 16361 16214 16081
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 171000 Fc 169102 Fc 167462 Fc 164442 Fc 162599 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1158 A 1122.5 A 1133 A 1126 A 1136 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20310 A 19490 A 19584 A 18967 A 19027 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 175389 Fc 173630 Fc 172851 Fc 168446 Fc 167491 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1158 A 1122.5 A 1133 A 1126 A 1136 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20310 A 19490 A 19584 A 18967 A 19027 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 175389 Fc 173630 Fc 172851 Fc 168446 Fc 167491 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested
Bananas Production Quantity
Bananas Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested
Beans, green Production Quantity
Beans, green Yield
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 28 F 24 F 20 F 25 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 533 465 408 489
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 190357 Fc 193750 Fc 204000 Fc 195600 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested F F F F F
Cassava Production Quantity F F F F F
Cassava Yield
Coconuts Area Harvested 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 Im 14 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 153 Im 157 Im 148 Im 146 Im 142 Im
Coconuts Yield 102000 Fc 104667 Fc 98666.7 Fc 97333.3 Fc 101429 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 3 A 6 A 5 A 3 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11 A 9 A 8 A 9 A 10 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 36666.7 Fc 30000 Fc 13333.3 Fc 18000 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 6 Im 5 Im 3 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 11 Im 9 Im 8 Im 9 Im 10 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 36666.7 Fc 30000 Fc 13333.3 Fc 18000 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 15 Im 14 Im 16 F 15 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 347 329 322 306
Lettuce and chicory Yield 231333 Fc 235000 Fc 201250 Fc 204000 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 6 3 20 30
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 60000 Fc 30000 Fc 200000 Fc 300000 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 14 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 12.24 A 12.56 A 11.84 A 11.68 A 11.36 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8160 Fc 8373.33 Fc 7893.33 Fc 7786.67 Fc 8114.29 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 15 A 15 A 15 A 15 A 14 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19.89 A 20.41 A 19.24 A 18.98 A 18.46 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 13260 Fc 13606.7 Fc 12826.7 Fc 12653.3 Fc 13185.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield
Papayas Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 11 Im 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 10 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 110000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A 1 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11 A 9 A 10 A 9 A 10 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 110000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 100000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 117 Im 101 Im 94 Im 90 F
Spinach Production Quantity 1704 1722 1786 1548
Spinach Yield 145641 Fc 170495 Fc 190000 Fc 172000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity F F F F F
Sweet potatoes Yield
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 33 35 35 36
Tomatoes Yield 165000 Fc 175000 Fc 175000 Fc 180000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 350 F 507 Im 499 Im 464 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 18077 5800 F 6986 Im 6560 Im 6583 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 180770 Fc 165714 Fc 137791 Fc 131463 Fc 141875 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1163 A 492 A 640 A 632 A 464 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20700 A 8354 A 9557 A 8969 A 6583 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 177988 Fc 169797 Fc 149328 Fc 141915 Fc 141875 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1163 A 492 A 640 A 632 A 464 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20700 A 8354 A 9557 A 8969 A 6583 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 177988 Fc 169797 Fc 149328 Fc 141915 Fc 141875 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 0.73 Fm 0.74 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.8 Fm
Arable land Area 0.63 Fm 0.64 Fm 0.6 Fm 0.6 Fm 0.7 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.73 W 0.74 Q 0.7 Q 0.7 Q 0.8 Q
Country area Area 71 W 71 W 71 W 71 W 70.5 W
Forest area Area 2.3 Fm 2.3 Q 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 70 Fm 70 Fm 70 Fm 70 Fm 69.5 Fm
Other land Area 66.97 Fm 66.96 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm 66.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 1.2 Q
Arable land Area 0.65 Fm 0.6599999999999999 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.6 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 0.8 Q 1.2 Q
Country area Area 70.4 Q 69.9 Q 69.9 Q 69.7 Q 68.5 Q
Forest area Area 2.3 Fm 2.3 Q 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 69.4 Fm 68.9 Fm 68.9 Fm 68.7 E 67.5 E
Other land Area 66.3 Fm 65.8 Fm 65.8 Fm 65.6 Fm 64 Fm
Permanent crops Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files