Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Sudan

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Datasheet

Sudan

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Sudan
  • General data
  • Region: East Africa
  • Area (km2): 250,581
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 38,555,569
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$950
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$36,699,938,816
  • GDP: US$46,227,910,656
  • Agriculture, value added: US$12,434,348,032

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Rott et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present Elsheikh and Hassan, 2012.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Kwaje, 1982; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Abubaker et al., 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Pazoutová and Frederickson, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Thakur and King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesKharbanda and Bernier, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt) Present Lejeune, 1958; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Abdel-Hak and Kamel, 1972; Baghadi, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumida Present Native El-Niweiri et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Siddig, 1987; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Abdelrahman and Munir, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced YesDrew et al., 2005; Ekesi and Billah, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present White and Elson-Harris, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Native Hill, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesHall et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Bedford , 1931; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesHarbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Present Native NoHanna and Schiemer, 1993; Elhigzi et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present Martinez and Bordat, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread Byrne et al., 1983; Yaninek, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Indigenous, localized Uvarov, 1923b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge) Present CIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present El-Amin and Ahmed, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Native YesWheeler, 1922.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Neuenschwander, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present Ali, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; Bohlen, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug) Present Cox, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Lai et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Baker and Pritchard, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Seifelnasr, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Seifelnasr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Seifelnasr, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced YesAbrahams et al., 2017; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Bhatti, 1980; Palmer, 1992; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native El Khidir & Khalifa, 1962; Mound and Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1987; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Introduced Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution Mohamed et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad) Present Native NoNimir, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoBailey, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesDepartment and of Agriculture and Food, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesMotabar, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish) Widespread Native Bailey, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012; Bailey , 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch) Present Native NoBailey, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish) Present Native Anonymous, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Native NoJuniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia) Present Native Bailey, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish) Present Native De Vos, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Kingdon, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Native NoBailey, 1994; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRz?ska, 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Present Native NoDaget, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Localised Introduced Haridi and Jobin, 1985; Haridi et al., 1985; Frandsen, 1987, publ. 1988; Madsen et al., 1988; Madsen, 1990; Brown, 1994; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Introduced Brown et al., 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Decker et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Yassin et al., 1970 Plant-parasitic nematodes in Su; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Restricted distribution Native Jackson, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia colei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Present Native ILDIS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native YesHolm and et al. , 1979; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoBebawi and Neugebohrn, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Present, few occurrences Native NoMelchior, 1941.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Reported present or known to be present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1927.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Burke and DiTommaso, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced PROTA, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced YesMiettinen et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Imam et al., 1972; Desougi and Obeid, 1978; Kew Herbarium, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Widespread Native Elffers et al., 1964; Berhaut, 1974; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Safo-Kantaka, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Bebawi and Neugebohrn, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced Jansen, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Bebawi & Neugebohrn, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Braun et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native NoFeinburn, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Bebawi and Neugebohrn, 1991; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Restricted distribution YesHolm et al., 1979; Bebawi and Neugebohrn, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Ghobrial, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Braun et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGay, 1960; Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution Abdalla and Omer, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Bebawi and Neugebohrn, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Beshir, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present CSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesBarreto et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Present Andrews, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Baumer, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Quattrocchi, 2006; Elkhawad et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Native Clayton, 1970; Salih and Nour, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Widespread Native YesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Andrews, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Soerianegara and Lemmens, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Introduced Jackson, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced AFFA, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Verdcourt, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Broun and Massey, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced Broun and Massey, 1929; El Fadl, 1997; CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBabiker, 2006; Burkart, 1976; El Fadl, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree ) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Mielcarek, 1996; Kayeke et al., 2010; EAH, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013; USDM, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1977; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Froman & Persson, 1974; Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced Bruce and et al. , 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchmidtia kalahariensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Brown & Massey, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Native NoICRAF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Absent, invalid record Braun et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Present Introduced Verdcourt, 1992; Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipagrostis pungens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed) Present Hepper, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Braun et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Petersen et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulata Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria hirci Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscamelpox virus Present Khalafalla and Mohamed, 1998.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virus Present Makkouk et al., 2003.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Yassin and Nour, 1965; Yassin, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Osman, 1997; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); Musa et al., 1993; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Mohamed Ali Harbi MS, 1977.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Present Jeddah et al., 2007.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Last reported OIE, 2012.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; El et al., 1989.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Osman et al., 1997.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Elsheikh and Hassan, 2012.
blackleg CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Pillai, 1961; Abu Elzein, 1985; Elfatih et al., 1987; Fayza et al., 1990.
Borrelia anserina infections Reported present or known to be present Ginawi and Shommein, 1980; Higgins, 1986; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Present Khalafalla and Mohamed, 1998.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Ibrahim et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Abbas et al., 1979.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesHall et al., 2014.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium novyi infections Widespread Hamid et al., 1991.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Present AU-IBAR, 2011; Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Harbi and El-Tahir, 1981.
contagious ecthyma Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Robinson et al., 1986; Adam et al., 1994.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Digenean infections of fish Present Khalil, 1969.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Abdelrahim et al., 1990; Obied et al., 1996.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present El-nur-Abd-El-Rahman et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; Kennedy, 1931; Karrar, 1959.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Ibtisam et al., 2010.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Dereure et al., 2000.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Last reported Shigidi, 1979; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012; Ali and Obeid, 1977; Khalafalla et al., 1993.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Elsheikh and Hassan, 2012.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Abbas, 1996.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Ojo et al., 1980.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Fawi and Obeid, 1964.
Pasteurella multocida infections Localised Hassan and Mustafa, 1985.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present AU-IBAR, 2011; Hameid, 1991.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Last reported OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Mohammed et al., 2003.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2012; Mohamed et al., 1982; Hajer et al., 1988; OIE, 1998.
small hive beetle infestation Present Native El-Niweiri et al., 2008; OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread El-Sayed et al., 1996; Kumajock et al., 1999.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Mekki Osman, 1976; Shommein, 1977; Um El Hassan et al., 1983; Walker et al., 1983; OIE, 1998.
Theileria parva infections Localised Shommein, 1977; Julla et al., 1989; Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Last reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE, 2012.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present El-Shallali et al., 1994.
varroosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012; Taylor et al., 1956.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 108679 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1482 Q
Arable land Area 17056 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 17225 Q
Country area Area 187936 Q
Fallow land Area 712 Q
Forest area Area 55075.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 169 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 91453.8 Fm
Temporary crops Area 16344 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1890 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Arable land Area
Arable land and Permanent crops Area
Country area Area
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area
Permanent crops Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area
Temporary crops Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files