Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Seychelles

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Datasheet

Seychelles

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedHazell et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBorowiec et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentDelatte et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla emeryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)White et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBorchsenius (1966); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSubra (1981); Goff et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedBeaver (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentBhatti (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoceratitis cyanescens (tomato fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentNativeInvasiveDurrant (1925); Suss (1974); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedHolthuis (1980); Dore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis alluaudiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys rogeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentFAO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeaver (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFautin and Allen (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, EradicatedRyall (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMatyot (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedButler (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Absent, EradicatedClergeau and Mandon-Dalger (2001); Mo (2015); Uranie (2015); BirdLife International (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentNativeWoodland (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)PresentIntroducedKeith et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLong (1981); Lever (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentAppeltans et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Schotman (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedTaylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentMorelet (1860)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadSiddiqi (1972); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentFlora of Madagascar (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeJong et al. (1999); Silva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA (2015); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (1983); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); Weber (2003); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)PresentIntroducedSenterre et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHill et al. (2002); Dunlop et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSeychelles Environment (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer and Lavergne (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia catharticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO (2009); Kueffer et al. (2004); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatumPresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGerlach (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentRobertson and Todd (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeRobertson (1989); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentRobertson (1989); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedRobertson and Todd (1983); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentSeychelles Department of Agriculture (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKatulic et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFriedman (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFosberg (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveHolou et al. (2013); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHill (2002); Fosberg (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedBisby et al. (1994); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMuséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (2016); Friedmann (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGerlach (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeBeentje and Lansdown (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentOoststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentOoststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGerlach (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentRobertson and Todd (1983); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNavie et al. (1996); Mahadevappa (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStoddart et al. (1979); Fosberg (1983); Robertson and Fosberg (1983); Wilson (1983); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedPIER (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveFleischmann (1997); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Robertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHazell et al. (2008); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedLeonard (1951)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedRobertson and Fosberg (1983); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedHazell et al. (2008); Moldenke (1980); Verdcourt (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeMusselman (1987); Mohamed et al. (2001); PIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveKüffer et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedDupont (1931)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentNativeThomson and Evans (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer and Lavergne (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer and Lavergne (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentRobertson (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedFriedmann (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)Present, WidespreadNativeBaker (1877)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentIntroducedInvasiveBruyn et al. (2012)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScussel et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012); CABI (Undated)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, Never occurredOIE (2012)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2012)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Production Quantity 30 Im 50 Im 40 Im 29 Im 26 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 400 F 360 F 418 Im 341 Im 328 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 1600 F 1400 Im 1733 Im 1881 Im 2000 F
Bananas Yield 40000 Fc 38888.9 Fc 41459.3 Fc 55161.3 Fc 60975.6 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 35 F 30 Im 37 Im 31 Im 29 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 210 F 190 Im 204 Im 195 Im 182 Im
Cassava Yield 60000 Fc 63333.3 Fc 55135.1 Fc 62903.2 Fc 62758.6 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Area Harvested 800 F 700 F 1000 F 1550 F 1020 F
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 39 23 63 94 63
Cinnamon (canella) Yield 487.5 Fc 328.57 Fc 630 Fc 606.45 Fc 617.65 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 70 A 60 A 78 A 83 A 74 A
Coconuts Area Harvested 593 Im 587 Im 565 Im 500 F 500 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 2782 Im 2372 Im 2100 F 2200 F 2300 F
Coconuts Yield 46914 Fc 40408.9 Fc 37168.1 Fc 44000 Fc 46000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 481 A 435 A 496 A 411 A 394 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2202 A 1985 A 2325 A 2463 A 2578 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 45779.6 Fc 45632.2 Fc 46875 Fc 59927 Fc 65431.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 110 F 90 Im 101 Im 100 Im 99 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 46 Im 45 F 35 Im 34 F 34 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 265 Im 270 F 247 Im 241 Im 239 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 57608.7 Fc 60000 Fc 70571.4 Fc 70882.4 Fc 70294.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 45 F 40 Im 44 Im 47 Im 40 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 27 Im 25 F 18 Im 22 Im 20 Im
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 593 A 587 A 565 A 500 A 500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 222.56 A 189.76 A 168 A 176 A 184 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3753.12 Fc 3232.71 Fc 2973.45 Fc 3520 Fc 3680 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 593 A 587 A 565 A 500 A 500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 361.66 A 308.36 A 273 A 286 A 299 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6098.82 Fc 5253.15 Fc 4831.86 Fc 5720 Fc 5980 Fc
Oranges Production Quantity 25 F 20 Im 34 Im 36 Im 34 Im
Pineapples Area Harvested 35 F 30 F 43 Im 36 Im 32 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 100 F 90 F 108 Im 107 Im 120 Im
Pineapples Yield 28571.4 Fc 30000 Fc 25116.3 Fc 29722.2 Fc 37500 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 35 A 30 A 37 A 31 A 29 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 210 A 190 A 204 A 195 A 182 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 60000 Fc 63333.3 Fc 55135.1 Fc 62903.2 Fc 62758.6 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 90 F 110 F 135 F 290 F 460 F
Tea Production Quantity 38 49 63 137 222
Tea Yield 4222.22 Fc 4454.55 Fc 4666.67 Fc 4724.14 Fc 4826.09 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 35 F 33 F 30 F 33 Im 30 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 230 F 220 F 200 F 230 F 200 F
Tomatoes Yield 65714.3 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc 69697 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity F F F F F
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 500 F 450 Im 509 Im 438 Im 377 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2400 F 2200 Im 2211 Im 1865 Im 1935 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 48000 Fc 48888.9 Fc 43438.1 Fc 42579.9 Fc 51326.3 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 535 A 483 A 539 A 471 A 407 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2630 A 2420 A 2411 A 2095 A 2135 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 49158.9 Fc 50103.5 Fc 44731 Fc 44479.8 Fc 52457 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 535 A 483 A 539 A 471 A 407 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2630 A 2420 A 2411 A 2095 A 2135 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 49158.9 Fc 50103.5 Fc 44731 Fc 44479.8 Fc 52457 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Production Quantity 29 Im 33 Im 35 Im 33 Im 32 Im
Bananas Area Harvested 400 F 355 Im 350 Im 429 Im 405 F
Bananas Production Quantity 1970 F 1925 Im 2230 Im 1771 Im 2000 F
Bananas Yield 49250 Fc 54225.3 Fc 63714.3 Fc 41282.1 Fc 49382.7 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 34 Im 37 Im 38 Im 34 Im 31 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 203 Im 200 Im 182 Im 170 Im 181 Im
Cassava Yield 59705.9 Fc 54054.1 Fc 47894.7 Fc 50000 Fc 58387.1 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Area Harvested 1500 F 1800 F 2000 F 2500 F 3083 Im
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 100 F 120 F 150 F 200 F 310 F
Cinnamon (canella) Yield 666.67 Fc 666.67 Fc 750 Fc 800 Fc 1005.51 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 75 A 67 A 71 A 67 A 71 A
Coconuts Area Harvested 700 F 600 F 650 F 680 F 600 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 3200 F 2500 F 3000 F 3100 F 2800 F
Coconuts Yield 45714.3 Fc 41666.7 Fc 46153.8 Fc 45588.2 Fc 46666.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 476 A 420 A 418 A 493 A 468 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2537 A 2455 A 2793 A 2304 A 2585 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 53298.3 Fc 58452.4 Fc 66818.2 Fc 46734.3 Fc 55235 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 98 Im 90 Im 95 Im 89 Im 84 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 42 Im 39 Im 41 Im 40 Im 36 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 231 Im 212 Im 225 Im 212 Im 209 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 55000 Fc 54359 Fc 54878.1 Fc 53000 Fc 58055.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 43 Im 36 Im 38 Im 36 Im 38 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 17 Im 21 Im 23 Im 25 Im 26 Im
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 700 A 600 A 650 A 680 A 600 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 256 A 200 A 240 A 248 A 224 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3657.14 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3692.31 Fc 3647.06 Fc 3733.33 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 700 A 600 A 650 A 680 A 600 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 416 A 325 A 390 A 403 A 364 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5942.86 Fc 5416.67 Fc 6000 Fc 5926.47 Fc 6066.67 Fc
Oranges Production Quantity 32 Im 31 Im 33 Im 31 Im 33 Im
Pineapples Area Harvested 34 Im 26 Im 27 Im 24 Im 27 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 117 Im 107 Im 114 Im 107 Im 163 Im
Pineapples Yield 34411.8 Fc 41153.8 Fc 42222.2 Fc 44583.3 Fc 60370.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34 A 37 A 38 A 34 A 31 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 203 A 200 A 182 A 170 A 181 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 59705.9 Fc 54054.1 Fc 47894.7 Fc 50000 Fc 58387.1 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 390 F 465 Im 450 F 500 F 503 Im
Tea Production Quantity 189 219 214 261 222
Tea Yield 4846.15 Fc 4709.68 Fc 4755.56 Fc 5220 Fc 4413.52 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 58 Im 54 Im 42 Im 38 Im 36 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 303 Im 242 Im 243 Im 245 Im 218 Im
Tomatoes Yield 52241.4 Fc 44814.8 Fc 57857.1 Fc 64473.7 Fc 60555.6 Fc
Vanilla Production Quantity F F F F F
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 411 Im 385 Im 301 Im 273 Im 261 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1750 F 1800 F 2174 Im 2087 Im 1757 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 42579.1 Fc 46753.3 Fc 72225.9 Fc 76446.9 Fc 67318 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 469 A 439 A 343 A 311 A 297 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2053 A 2042 A 2417 A 2332 A 1975 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 43774 Fc 46514.8 Fc 70466.5 Fc 74983.9 Fc 66498.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 469 A 439 A 343 A 311 A 297 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2053 A 2042 A 2417 A 2332 A 1975 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 43774 Fc 46514.8 Fc 70466.5 Fc 74983.9 Fc 66498.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Country area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm
Forest area Area 40.7 Fm 40.7 Q 40.7 Fm 40.7 Fm 40.7 Fm
Land area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm
Other land Area 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm 2.3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 F 1 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Country area Area 46 Fm 46 W 46 W 46 Q 46 Q
Forest area Area 40.7 Fm 40.7 Q 40.7 Fm 40.7 Fm 40.7 Fm
Land area Area 46 Fm 46 W 46 W 46 Q 46 Q
Other land Area 1.3 Fm 1.3 Fm 1.3 Fm 1.3 Fm 1.3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files