Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Romania

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Datasheet

Romania

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Formerly presentEmber et al. (2011); Lindner et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedPloaie (1980); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentNémeth (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaicu et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCătană et al. (1997)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al. (2012)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentBolea et al. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaVerruca spengleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton (1980); Marcu et al. (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentHâruța et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDoina and Ghizdavu (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sediPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentProdan (1935); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeSavulescu (1953); Crane (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Blada (1990); EPPO (2020); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSurugiu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativeCeianu and Teodorescu (1975); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadIonescu (1985); Popescu (1989); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndricus grossulariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBlank et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsias ephippiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagnalliella yuccaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, Few occurrencesKarsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Olenici and Duduman (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeCristescu et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDanzig and Pellizzari (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentVoicu et al. (1987); Tălmaciu and Tălmaciu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSzekely et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentNativeWattier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)PresentNativeScobiola-Palade (1982); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentBorusiewicz and Capecki (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentGlavendekić (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasivePârvulescu L et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentHerea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Macavei et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentMarkó and Pozsgai (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedDanzig and Pellizari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentNativeBacescu (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeSimionescu (1993); Simionescu (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentOlenici et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativeMihalciuc et al. (1998); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDrosu (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadNativeBacescu (1940); Popescu and Prunescu-Arion (1960); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentFilip and Alexandri (1977); Filip (1985); Filip (1986); Roșian (1989); Filip (1990); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedTomescu and Negru (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegabruchidius dorsalisPresentPintilioaie et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNanu (1976); Nanu et al. (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentPerju et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentGogan et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeConstantineanu (1983); Mihalache et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentGrozea et al. (2015); Grozea et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedPârvulescu et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMicu and Nitail˜ă (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadCeianu (1962); Ceianu et al. (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ben-Dov et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresentChireceanu et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentPopescu-Gorj (1964); Higgins (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveBorcea (1924); Borcea (1930); Marcu (1930); Negru (1966); Negru (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadMostata (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentCarausu et al. (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedBacescu (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentNastase (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeNegru and Pirvescu (1966); Smith (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puncticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentTeodorescu and Simionescu (1994); Dissescu and Ceianu (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadDrugescu (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); Mitrea (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Present, LocalizedOIE (2009); Orosi-Pal (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBud (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeWhitehead (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedHolcik (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); FAO-DIAS (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus maraena (Maraena whitefish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeBalon (1994); Steffens (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, WidespreadNativeIacob and Dima (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFAO (1997); Olenin et al. (2008); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBanarescu (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentLaiu and Murariu (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedNowak and Pielowski (1964); Barbu (1969); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedNiethammer and Krapp (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUloth and Prien (1985); Micu et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNalbant et al. (2004); Popa et al. (2006); Covaciu-Marcov et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Elvira (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedMicu (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePaunović et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHelix Consulting (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentCastillejo (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeSon (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMicu and Telembici (2004); Popa and Popa (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma ancepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeGrossu and Lupu (1960); Wiktor and Jurkowska (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeISSG (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPteria hirundoPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrossu (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCIESM (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentClapp and Kenk (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentEsser et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Karssen and Groza (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedRomascu and Lemeni (1972); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMarks and Rojancovski (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRojancovski and Dehebanu (1986); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentFauna Europaea (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedRomascu et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentRomascu et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedRadulescu and Georgescu (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus disparPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus similisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedLawalree (1964); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedNegrean (2011); Dobrescu and Soare (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeCaraus (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedChirilă and Pintilie (1986); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeSavulescu (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Clarke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus acutilobusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentChirilă and Pintilie (1985); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedLove (1976); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDumitrascu et al. (2013); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); DAISIE (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentSlonovschi (1982); Naoy and Șarpe (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSîrbu (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeGroza (1986); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedTutin (1993); Fitter and Peat (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeSlonovschi et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Ochsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNegrean and Ioana (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedAnastasiu and Memedemin (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum hyssopifoliumPresentOprea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentTanase and Oprean (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeWilliams and Hunyadi (1987); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHeywood and Ball (1968); Marusca et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Togor and Burescu (2013); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedBadea and Raicu (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium intermediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentDiaconu (1990); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnastasiu and Negrean (2005); Oprea and Sîrbu (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine ambiguaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnastasiu et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedSârbu et al. (2006); DAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadPintilie and Chirilă (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentIntroducedArdelean et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum perovskianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leptocaulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentChiriță (1990); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentBotta-Dukát and Balogh (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadSlonovschi (1982); Chiriță et al. (1998); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura biennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1976); Filep et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); Sîrbu and Oprea (2013); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHepatica transsilvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentPopescu et al. (1983); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandensPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedTrepl (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDihoru (2004); Sirbu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus dudleyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeInvasivePele et al. (2008); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSarpe et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCadar (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentEPPO (2020); Flora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia chiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria korsakowiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoricandia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); Hussner (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentOprea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes linifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasivePricop and Cristea (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOprea and Sírbu (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentOprea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetunia integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHanganu et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeSarpe et al. (1981); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStoian et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentCoste (1970); Cristea and Groza (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); TUTIN and ET AL. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveNagodă et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont (2009); Pairon et al. (2010); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentSarpe et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria lancifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola acutifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoenaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum dasyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSirbu and Oprea (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeSavulescu (1964); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania herbaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSophora jaubertiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentCiorlăuș (1983); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Slonovschi et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (African marigold)PresentSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedWinter et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeesdalia nudicaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragopogon graminifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium angulatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stefan (1998); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium saccharatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOlesen et al. (2018)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentCociu et al. (1972)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentPop and Jilaveanu (1985); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, WidespreadPOP (1962); POP et al. (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverPresentOlesen et al. (2018)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBaba et al. (1977); Cotofan and Paul (1979)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Bunaciu et al. (1986)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avipoxPresentCociu et al. (1972)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Popa (1998)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentMCNEIL et al. (1949); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedRadulescu and Georgescu (1962)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentIstrate et al. (1983)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine papillomatosisPresentBaba et al. (1999)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentAdamesteanu et al. (1976)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadCambir and Coman (1991)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentMocanu (1989)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al. (2012)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentStancu (2002)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentZarzara (1980)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentMoldovan et al. (1986)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentCociu et al. (1972); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSuteu et al. (1987); Suteu et al. (1987)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisPresentMircean et al. (2014)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lyme borreliosisPresentCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentCatana et al. (1997)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Adamesteanu et al. (1969); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadBahacek˜rboi and Turcu (1995)
scrapiePresentOIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Fijan (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentNowok (1979); Onet and Pommer (1991)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadMânzat and Herman (1999)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO (1997); OIE (1998)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentIonita et al. (2013)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
varroosis of honey beesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Orosi-Pal (1975)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2009)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 11495 14641 8770 7228 5378
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 11157 15828 7063 7488 2857
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 9705.96 Fc 10810.7 Fc 8053.59 Fc 10359.7 Fc 5312.38 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 52722 56373 52637 54704 59017
Apples Production Quantity 620362 552860 517491 459016 475370
Apples Yield 117667 Fc 98071.8 Fc 98313.2 Fc 83909 Fc 80548 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2547 2618 2578 2931 3314
Apricots Production Quantity 33745 23804 32499 32125 27567
Apricots Yield 132489 Fc 90924.4 Fc 126063 Fc 109604 Fc 83183.5 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 52 Im 49 Im 50 F 100 F 149 Im
Artichokes Production Quantity 589 Im 545 Im 550 F 1100 F 1656 Im
Artichokes Yield 113269 Fc 111224 Fc 110000 Fc 110000 Fc 111141 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 419109 510488 514907 386706 338727
Barley Production Quantity 1329690 1311040 1182060 1209410 531420
Barley Seed 94299.5 Fc 118639 119028 90627 83511
Barley Yield 31726.6 Fc 25682.1 Fc 22956.8 Fc 31274.7 Fc 15688.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 24105 24958 29673 36118 40070
Beans, dry Production Quantity 21351 21059 22348 25157 18014
Beans, dry Seed 520 Fc 2513 2997 3615 4210
Beans, dry Yield 8857.5 Fc 8437.78 Fc 7531.43 Fc 6965.23 Fc 4495.63 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 10547 10786 10852 11172 10277
Beans, green Production Quantity 60257 55734 55928 61649 45498
Beans, green Yield 57131.9 Fc 51672.5 Fc 51537 Fc 55181.7 Fc 44271.7 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 316 Im 321 Im 329 Im 337 Im 330 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2643 Im 2422 Im 2585 Im 2442 Im 2200 *
Berries Nes Yield 83639.2 Fc 75451.7 Fc 78571.4 Fc 72462.9 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 273 Im 278 Im 285 Im 291 Im 285 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 2402 Im 2201 Im 2349 Im 2220 Im 2000 *
Blueberries Yield 87985.4 Fc 79172.7 Fc 82421.1 Fc 76288.7 Fc 70175.4 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 47212 47227 48452 49220 46511
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1027840 983648 1004190 967627 899245
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 217707 Fc 208281 Fc 207255 Fc 196592 Fc 193340 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 16552 16360 17643 17955 15988
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 245508 221082 215346 234752 185094
Carrots and turnips Yield 148325 Fc 135136 Fc 122057 Fc 130745 Fc 115771 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Castor oil seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 2662 2550 2477 2068 2301
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 39159 31632 30698 24201 26011
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 147104 Fc 124047 Fc 123932 Fc 117026 Fc 113042 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 5219700 A 5019320 A 5265060 A 5182160 A 4757070 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 20820400 A 16692400 A 14848800 A 16810900 A 7806580 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 795690 A 828614 A 836652 A 797812 A 750037 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 39888.2 Fc 33256.3 Fc 28202.6 Fc 32439.9 Fc 16410.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 498 Im 457
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 732 Im 922
Cereals, nes Seed 89.64 F 89.64 F 89.64 F 89.64 Fc 89.64 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 14698.8 Fc 20175 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5219700 A 5019320 A 5265060 A 5182160 A 4757070 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20842200 A 16712900 A 14873000 A 16827200 A 7815740 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 795690 A 828614 A 836652 A 797812 A 750037 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 39929.8 Fc 33297.1 Fc 28248.4 Fc 32471.3 Fc 16429.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 6853 6930 6846 7628 7688
Cherries Production Quantity 81842 70290 67874 67664 65163
Cherries Yield 119425 Fc 101429 Fc 99144 Fc 88704.8 Fc 84759.4 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 2 3 2 2
Chestnuts Production Quantity 32 29 35 44 9
Chestnuts Yield 145000 Fc 116667 Fc 220000 Fc 45000 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 85 153 78 487 598
Chick peas Production Quantity 104 134 75 585 496
Chick peas Seed 3.4 Fc 37 6 39 49
Chick peas Yield 12235.3 Fc 8758.17 Fc 9615.38 Fc 12012.3 Fc 8294.31 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested
Chicory roots Production Quantity
Chicory roots Yield
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 54403 Im 56277 Im 50552 Im 41664 Im 31000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 47690 Im 47150 Im 35418 Im 28170 Im 33000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 8766.06 Fc 8378.2 Fc 7006.25 Fc 6761.23 Fc 10645.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 20001 20998 19917 20162 18522
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 253505 243493 245661 238682 184939
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 126746 Fc 115960 Fc 123342 Fc 118382 Fc 99848.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3261180 A 2854390 A 3111170 A 3073880 A 2858070 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13645300 A 10839500 A 9598010 A 9597270 A 4743770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 185724 A 218347 A 229631 A 203318 A 201399 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 41841.6 Fc 37974.7 Fc 30850.2 Fc 31222 Fc 16597.8 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed F F F F F
Cranberries Area Harvested 80 Im 81 Im 83 Im 85 Im 83 Im
Cranberries Production Quantity 395 Im 362 Im 386 Im 364 Im 328 Im
Cranberries Yield 49375 Fc 44691.4 Fc 46506 Fc 42823.5 Fc 39518.1 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 13154 12614 13122 12960 12590
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 195855 172059 176482 173643 119822
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 148894 Fc 136403 Fc 134493 Fc 133984 Fc 95172.4 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 22 50 16 12 8
Currants Production Quantity 30 19 18 11 29
Currants Yield 13636.4 Fc 3800 Fc 11250 Fc 9166.67 Fc 36250 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 10020 10311 9927 10535 9701
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 160010 144391 168588 153677 114116
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 159691 Fc 140036 Fc 169828 Fc 145873 Fc 117633 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1630 A 1628 A 1635 A 1632 A 1624 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3089 A 3080 A 3100 A 3096 A 3072 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 18950.9 Fc 18918.9 Fc 18960.2 Fc 18970.6 Fc 18916.3 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 30 Im 28 Im 35 F 32 24
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 89 Im 80 Im 100 F 96 72
Flax fibre and tow Yield 29666.7 Fc 28571.4 Fc 28571.4 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 323946 A 329447 A 338084 A 344957 A 336176 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2373260 A 2173920 A 2320570 A 2191250 A 1956300 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 73260.8 Fc 65987 Fc 68638.9 Fc 63522.5 Fc 58192.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 6897 Im 7016 Im 7200 F 7000 F 4746 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 63390 Im 58082 Im 62000 F 60000 F 34000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 91909.5 Fc 82785.1 Fc 86111.1 Fc 85714.3 Fc 71639.3 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 12128 12803 13142 13773 11431
Garlic Production Quantity 66602 67215 63245 72333 49948
Garlic Yield 54915.9 Fc 52499.4 Fc 48124.3 Fc 52518 Fc 43695.2 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 176170 175953 183814 187038 174323
Grapes Production Quantity 879487 740118 990232 996023 873224
Grapes Yield 49922.6 Fc 42063.4 Fc 53871.4 Fc 53252.4 Fc 50092.3 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 14 5 11 * 5 F 1
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 51 14 11 6 3
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 36428.6 Fc 28000 Fc 10000 Fc 12000 Fc 30000 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F 1600 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc 18750 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 1325 Im 1256 Im 1124 Im 1107 Im 1059 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity 122 Im 107 Im 106 Im 104 Im 89 Im
Hempseed Yield 920.75 Fc 851.91 Fc 943.06 Fc 939.48 Fc 840.42 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 177 215 456 501 440
Hops Production Quantity 117 232 245 257 374
Hops Yield 6610.17 Fc 10790.7 Fc 5372.81 Fc 5129.74 Fc 8500 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 109 101 83 101 108
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 1276 1176 1000 1470 1064
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 117064 Fc 116436 Fc 120482 Fc 145545 Fc 98518.5 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Seed
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 243 273 233 214 870
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 2673 2707 1914 1686 6758
Lettuce and chicory Yield 110000 Fc 99157.5 Fc 82145.9 Fc 78785.1 Fc 77678.2 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1447 1608 838 313 473
Linseed Production Quantity 2626 1817 1099 221 394
Linseed Seed 57.88 Fc 57.88 Fc 64.32 Fc 33.52 Fc 12.52 Fc
Linseed Yield 18147.9 Fc 11299.8 Fc 13114.6 Fc 7060.7 Fc 8329.81 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2587100 2094250 2333500 2432210 2263080
Maize Production Quantity 11717600 9042030 7973260 7849080 3853920
Maize Seed 53880 F 53880 59985 62851 65123
Maize Yield 45292.4 Fc 43175.5 Fc 34168.7 Fc 32271.4 Fc 17029.5 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 3236 3946 1051 1724 2102
Millet Production Quantity 6293 5878 2206 2853 2327
Millet Seed 97.08 Fc 97.08 Fc 118.38 Fc 31.53 Fc 51.72 Fc
Millet Yield 19446.8 Fc 14896.1 Fc 20989.5 Fc 16548.7 Fc 11070.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 7661 9973 7317 1664 1083
Mustard seed Area Harvested 6804 8953 16892 9837 4295
Mustard seed Production Quantity 7073 6739 10633 8370 1401
Mustard seed Seed 102.06 Fc 102.06 Fc 134.3 Fc 253.38 Fc 147.56 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 10395.4 Fc 7527.09 Fc 6294.7 Fc 8508.69 Fc 3261.93 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 184950 181217 201819 200007 209000
Oats Production Quantity 375855 304462 295832 382030 251633
Oats Seed 34215.8 Fc 41716 46628 46092 48989
Oats Yield 20322 Fc 16801 Fc 14658.3 Fc 19100.8 Fc 12039.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1468600 A 1392150 A 1245770 A 1226850 A 1173560 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1403970 A 1283930 A 932296 A 1031250 A 583386 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 15414.6 A 9318.6 A 8613.6 A 7982.78 A 12148 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 9559.97 Fc 9222.59 Fc 7483.68 Fc 8405.62 Fc 4971.09 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1468600 A 1392150 A 1245770 A 1226850 A 1173560 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1044580 A 907088 A 686910 A 755691 A 387489 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6642.68 A 5253.73 A 4996.11 A 4545.57 A 5428.97 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7112.79 Fc 6515.73 Fc 5513.93 Fc 6159.58 Fc 3301.83 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 33108 33766 35165 34810 33935
Onions, dry Production Quantity 394305 369142 378106 395579 324993
Onions, dry Yield 119097 Fc 109324 Fc 107523 Fc 113639 Fc 95769.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 4151 4191 4328 3672 3430
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 53272 52250 50031 53794 33437
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 128335 Fc 124672 Fc 115598 Fc 146498 Fc 97484 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2068 1964 1711 1610 1785
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 22494 11241 17132 16432 16980
Peaches and nectarines Yield 108772 Fc 57235.2 Fc 100129 Fc 102062 Fc 95126.1 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4272 5096 4538 4590 4619
Pears Production Quantity 66913 60375 66111 52576 62852
Pears Yield 156632 Fc 118475 Fc 145683 Fc 114545 Fc 136073 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 28535 22353 21997 17416 19581
Peas, dry Production Quantity 54972 39543 29934 36332 17252
Peas, dry Seed 3000 Fc 6930 6781 5241 6915
Peas, dry Yield 19264.8 Fc 17690.2 Fc 13608.2 Fc 20861.3 Fc 8810.58 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5406 5803 5582 5663 4587
Peas, green Production Quantity 26605 23313 20531 25381 16284
Peas, green Yield 49213.8 Fc 40174.1 Fc 36780.7 Fc 44819 Fc 35500.3 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 68197 69288 74688 75292 76225
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 573596 624884 533691 475290 372631
Plums and sloes Yield 84108.7 Fc 90186.5 Fc 71456.1 Fc 63126.2 Fc 48885.7 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 3880 Im 3678 Im 3291 Im 3241 Im 3100 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 2173 Im 1906 Im 1891 Im 1874 Im 1600 F
Poppy seed Seed 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F
Poppy seed Yield 5600.52 Fc 5182.16 Fc 5745.97 Fc 5782.17 Fc 5161.29 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 248338 246982 260317 259744 272548
Potatoes Production Quantity 4076570 3283870 4003980 3649020 3712410
Potatoes Seed 988744 F 988744 1042250 1042330 1100800
Potatoes Yield 164154 Fc 132960 Fc 153812 Fc 140485 Fc 136211 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 429 674 712 484 535
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 403 608 561 392 423
Pulses, nes Seed 21.45 Fc 21.45 Fc 33.7 Fc 35.6 Fc 24.2 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 9393.94 Fc 9020.77 Fc 7879.21 Fc 8099.17 Fc 7906.54 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 53154 A 48138 A 52460 A 54505 A 60784 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 76830 A 61344 A 52918 A 62466 A 36185 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3544.85 A 9501.45 A 9817.7 A 8930.6 A 11198.2 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 14454.2 Fc 12743.4 Fc 10087.3 Fc 11460.6 Fc 5953.05 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6569 5251 5462 5278 5603
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 98847 81625 96526 52409 62117
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 150475 Fc 155447 Fc 176723 Fc 99297.1 Fc 110864 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 850 F 800 Im 826 Im 844 Im 827 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 7000 F 5800 Im 6188 Im 5839 Im 5261 Im
Quinces Yield 82352.9 Fc 72500 Fc 74915.3 Fc 69182.5 Fc 63615.5 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 390020 527175 414285 357430 306771
Rapeseed Production Quantity 738971 943033 569611 673033 361500
Rapeseed Seed 3900.2 Fc 3900.2 Fc 5271.75 Fc 4142.85 Fc 3574.3 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 18947 Fc 17888.4 Fc 13749.3 Fc 18829.8 Fc 11784 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 17 15 26 4 100
Raspberries Production Quantity 47 31 48 17 2200 *
Raspberries Yield 27647.1 Fc 20666.7 Fc 18461.5 Fc 42500 Fc 220000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 12671 12403 13346 9917 8088
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 65261 61588 72418 48917 27518
Rice, paddy Seed 3421.17 Fc 3722 4004 2975 2575
Rice, paddy Yield 51504.2 Fc 49655.7 Fc 54261.9 Fc 49326.4 Fc 34023.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 248338 A 246982 A 260317 A 259744 A 272548 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4076570 A 3283870 A 4003980 A 3649020 A 3712410 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 988744 A 988744 A 1042250 A 1042330 A 1100800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 164154 Fc 132960 Fc 153812 Fc 140485 Fc 136211 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 12315 14439 15444 13015 11941
Rye Production Quantity 31382 34281 32959 31446 20583
Rye Seed 2216.7 Fc 3000 3000 3000 3000
Rye Yield 25482.7 Fc 23742 Fc 21341 Fc 24161.3 Fc 17237.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 12677 9377 6078 7932 894
Sorghum Production Quantity 39696 18677 14440 20899 1193
Sorghum Seed 507.08 Fc 507.08 Fc 375.08 Fc 243.12 Fc 317.28 Fc
Sorghum Yield 31313.4 Fc 19917.9 Fc 23757.8 Fc 26347.7 Fc 13344.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 71861 63424 48249 46135 109314
Soybeans Production Quantity 142636 149940 84268 90579 136094
Soybeans Seed 12216.4 Fc 4500 3400 3500 9100
Soybeans Yield 19848.9 Fc 23640.9 Fc 17465.2 Fc 19633.5 Fc 12449.8 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
Spinach Area Harvested 258 211 191 203 382
Spinach Production Quantity 2321 1696 1412 1408 2856
Spinach Yield 89961.2 Fc 80379.1 Fc 73926.7 Fc 69359.6 Fc 74764.4 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 2662 2664 2507 2591 2826
Strawberries Production Quantity 18909 21434 21969 21233 16496
Strawberries Yield 71033.1 Fc 80458 Fc 87630.6 Fc 81949.1 Fc 58372.3 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 18796 21627 21157 20254 28443
Sugar beet Production Quantity 660497 837895 816814 706660 748839
Sugar beet Yield 351403 Fc 387430 Fc 386073 Fc 348899 Fc 263277 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 993258 786058 761093 808791 748545
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1789330 1262930 1098050 1169940 546922
Sunflower seed Seed 6952.81 Fc 6952.81 Fc 5502.41 Fc 5327.65 Fc 5661.54 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 18014.8 Fc 16066.6 Fc 14427.3 Fc 14465.3 Fc 7306.47 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1681 1532 850 1235 757
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2562 2971 1566 2366 1128
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 15240.9 Fc 19393 Fc 18423.5 Fc 19157.9 Fc 14900.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 51745 49755 48954 51460 45950
Tomatoes Production Quantity 910978 768532 755596 814376 640785
Tomatoes Yield 176051 Fc 154463 Fc 154348 Fc 158254 Fc 139453 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1449 A 1497 A 1537 A 1733 A 2122 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35156 A 34402 A 38375 A 32309 A 25528 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 242623 Fc 229806 Fc 249675 Fc 186434 Fc 120302 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 41794 40677 38368 31785 31865
Triticale Production Quantity 144800 123120 97251 100818 81768
Triticale Seed 417.94 Fc 417.94 Fc 406.77 Fc 383.68 Fc 317.85 Fc
Triticale Yield 34646.1 Fc 30267.7 Fc 25346.9 Fc 31718.7 Fc 25660.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2692 2150 2088 2879 2536
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 37406 23336 26477 37093 28215
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 138952 Fc 108540 Fc 126806 Fc 128840 Fc 111258 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 263325 A 262256 A 266159 A 268155 A 250095 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4176880 A 3864160 A 3902410 A 3820990 A 3118460 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 158621 Fc 147343 Fc 146620 Fc 142492 Fc 124691 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 263325 A 262256 A 266159 A 268155 A 250095 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4176880 A 3864160 A 3902410 A 3820990 A 3118460 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 158621 Fc 147343 Fc 146620 Fc 142492 Fc 124691 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1435 1490 1523 1726 2119
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 35073 34359 38329 32259 25516
Walnuts, with shell Yield 244411 Fc 230597 Fc 251668 Fc 186900 Fc 120415 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 26716 27057 28491 25930 25224
Watermelons Production Quantity 592214 610613 602813 508466 374536
Watermelons Yield 221670 Fc 225677 Fc 211580 Fc 196092 Fc 148484 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1945850 2152520 2140550 2098370 1890920
Wheat Production Quantity 7131590 5811810 5202530 7180980 3044460
Wheat Seed 606545 F 606545 603017 591519 546063
Wheat Yield 36650.3 Fc 27000 Fc 24304.6 Fc 34221.7 Fc 16100.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 8500 F 6571 Im 10810 Im 11353 Im 10809 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 7500 F 5500 F 6000 F 9715 Im 12552 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 8823.53 Fc 8370.11 Fc 5550.42 Fc 8557.21 Fc 11612.5 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 59298 81672 73377 71589 72430
Apples Production Quantity 590413 637979 1097840 811100 491500
Apples Yield 99567.1 Fc 78114.8 Fc 149616 Fc 113300 Fc 67858.6 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2900 4151 3468 3809 3919
Apricots Production Quantity 38754 52410 20648 42591 18300
Apricots Yield 133634 Fc 126259 Fc 59538.6 Fc 111817 Fc 46695.6 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 165 Im 159 Im 175 Im 199 Im 196 Im
Artichokes Production Quantity 2200 F 1878 Im 2474 Im 2429 Im 2031 Im
Artichokes Yield 133333 Fc 118113 Fc 141371 Fc 122060 Fc 103622 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 326419 471635 412007 317235 549738
Barley Production Quantity 772929 1079150 1406000 540800 1160390
Barley Seed 76213.6 Fc 73444.3 Fc 106118 Fc 92701.6 Fc 71377.9 Fc
Barley Yield 23679 Fc 22881 Fc 34125.6 Fc 17047.3 Fc 21108.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 57441 57650 45430 26996 25617
Beans, dry Production Quantity 34942 41733 53517 39679 33600
Beans, dry Seed 820 Fc 1160 Fc 1160 Fc 920 Fc 546 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 6083.11 Fc 7239.03 Fc 11780.1 Fc 14698.1 Fc 13116.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 12716 10766 8496 11195 10816
Beans, green Production Quantity 64240 54280 52246 52535 49876
Beans, green Yield 50519 Fc 50418 Fc 61494.8 Fc 46927.2 Fc 46113.2 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 348 Im 371 Im 400 F 800 F 620 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2200 * 2200 * 2200 * 6800 * 5000 *
Berries Nes Yield 63218.4 Fc 59299.2 Fc 55000 Fc 85000 Fc 80645.2 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 300 F 700 F 300 F 650 F 500 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 2000 * 3500 * 1400 * 5000 * 2500 *
Blueberries Yield 66666.7 Fc 50000 Fc 46666.7 Fc 76923.1 Fc 50000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 45742 54675 42528 42169 40400
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1112680 1011630 924686 1019230 821400
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 243251 Fc 185026 Fc 217430 Fc 241701 Fc 203317 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 19167 17412 14439 16816 12000 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 265595 221999 209352 227409 198000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 138569 Fc 127498 Fc 144991 Fc 135234 Fc 165000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Castor oil seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1722 1801 706 1392 980 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 23813 24121 11470 15183 12188 Im
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 138287 Fc 133931 Fc 162465 Fc 109073 Fc 124367 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 5080080 A 5803630 A 6107610 A 5116680 A 5711370 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 15753600 A 19345700 A 24400100 A 12966400 A 14357000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 754064 A 875449 A 866694 A 668934 A 742585 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 31010.5 Fc 33333.8 Fc 39950.3 Fc 25341.4 Fc 25137.6 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 250 F 296 3280 2543 7000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 402 F 430 3280 2383 24000
Cereals, nes Seed 82.26 Fc 45 Fc 53.28 Fc 590.4 Fc 457.74 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 16080 Fc 14527 Fc 10000 Fc 9370.82 Fc 34285.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5080080 A 5803630 A 6107610 A 5116680 A 5711370 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15759700 A 19350500 A 24401700 A 12966400 A 14357200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 754064 A 875449 A 866694 A 668934 A 742585 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 31022.6 Fc 33342 Fc 39953 Fc 25341.5 Fc 25137.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 7240 8702 9612 9861 11653
Cherries Production Quantity 104791 117859 50988 98500 66300
Cherries Yield 144739 Fc 135439 Fc 53046.2 Fc 99888.4 Fc 56895.2 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 3 20 F 17 18 Im 19 Im
Chestnuts Production Quantity 22 66 47 80 Im 59 Im
Chestnuts Yield 73333.3 Fc 33000 Fc 27647.1 Fc 44444.4 Fc 31052.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 399 380 834
Chick peas Production Quantity 465 295 1018
Chick peas Seed 23.92 Fc 15.96 Fc 15.2 Fc 33.36 Fc
Chick peas Yield 11654.1 Fc 7763.16 Fc 12206.2 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested
Chicory roots Production Quantity
Chicory roots Yield
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 14955 Im 20646 Im 21803 Im 22369 Im 21298 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 32000 F 35964 Im 38745 Im 29184 Im 38322 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 21397.5 Fc 17419.3 Fc 17770.5 Fc 13046.6 Fc 17993.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 22705 18899 18099 19975 19094
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 279126 203751 237240 249125 197442
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 122936 Fc 107810 Fc 131079 Fc 124718 Fc 103405 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3082140 A 3352100 A 3859770 A 3705630 A 3562670 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10215100 A 11995600 A 16584400 A 10487100 A 9935610 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 181357 A 177721 A 216779 A 211660 A 191042 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 33142.9 Fc 35785.1 Fc 42967.2 Fc 28300.6 Fc 27888.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed F F F F F
Cranberries Area Harvested 87 Im 93 Im 100 F 120 F 96 Im
Cranberries Production Quantity 402 Im 360 Im 500 * 1000 * 800 *
Cranberries Yield 46206.9 Fc 38709.7 Fc 50000 Fc 83333.3 Fc 83333.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 15668 10589 11327 11021 10373
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 156416 142945 199494 151319 140760
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 99831.5 Fc 134994 Fc 176123 Fc 137301 Fc 135698 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 59 Im 63 79 100 F 150 F
Currants Production Quantity 115 F 109 804 2000 * 2500 *
Currants Yield 19491.5 Fc 17301.6 Fc 101772 Fc 200000 Fc 166667 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 11396 9511 8932 9514 4001 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 155919 124708 149681 131030 116000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 136819 Fc 131120 Fc 167578 Fc 137723 Fc 289928 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2304 A 2279 A 1400 A 1600 A 1400 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3922 A 5050 A 2200 A 3900 A 6400 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 17022.6 Fc 22158.8 Fc 15714.3 Fc 24375 Fc 45714.3 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 804 179 Im 200 F 400 400
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 1522 350 F 300 F 700 800
Flax fibre and tow Yield 18930.3 Fc 19553.1 Fc 15000 Fc 17500 Fc 20000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 354228 A 378544 A 403809 A 422884 A 427008 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2397400 A 2144440 A 2974840 A 3166490 A 2028690 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 67679.7 Fc 56649.6 Fc 73669.5 Fc 74878.4 Fc 47509.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5000 F 6000 F 3000 F 6500 F 4593 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 37500 * 57000 * 5000 * 65000 * 39000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 75000 Fc 95000 Fc 16666.7 Fc 100000 Fc 84911.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 13024 12418 8747 14757 14900
Garlic Production Quantity 64222 68374 65884 76523 72423
Garlic Yield 49310.5 Fc 55060.4 Fc 75321.8 Fc 51855.4 Fc 48606 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 190294 170975 205381 223079 233095
Grapes Production Quantity 912383 505849 1230400 1077990 1076700
Grapes Yield 47946 Fc 29586.1 Fc 59908.2 Fc 48323.2 Fc 46191.5 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 10 Im 12 5
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 10 Im 13 16
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 10000 Fc 10833.3 Fc 32000 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 1500 2100 1200 1200 1000
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 2400 4700 1900 3200 5600
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 16000 Fc 22381 Fc 15833.3 Fc 26666.7 Fc 56000 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 1147 Im 1064 Im 1000 F 1200 1000
Hempseed Production Quantity 103 Im 91 Im 100 * 100 * 100 *
Hempseed Yield 897.99 Fc 855.26 Fc 1000 Fc 833.33 Fc 1000 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 652 280 50 203 152
Hops Production Quantity 435 194 37 209 142
Hops Yield 6671.78 Fc 6928.57 Fc 7400 Fc 10295.6 Fc 9342.11 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 185 54 184
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 2233 787 2636
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 120703 Fc 145741 Fc 143261 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Seed
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 738 347 552 509 Im 500 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4362 1761 3637 4000 F 5000 *
Lettuce and chicory Yield 59105.7 Fc 50749.3 Fc 65887.7 Fc 78585.5 Fc 100000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 290 65 1407 1561 2204
Linseed Production Quantity 321 55 2465 1500 1760
Linseed Seed 18.92 Fc 11.6 Fc 2.6 Fc 56.28 Fc 62.44 Fc
Linseed Yield 11069 Fc 8461.54 Fc 17519.5 Fc 9609.22 Fc 7985.48 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2512940 2609110 3196130 3119100 2761220
Maize Production Quantity 8984730 10388500 14541600 9576990 8399800
Maize Seed 63829 64600 * 67000 * 79065 72785
Maize Yield 35753.9 Fc 39816.3 Fc 45497.5 Fc 30704.3 Fc 30420.6 Fc
Melonseed Production Quantity
Millet Area Harvested 1650 3000 2500 F 2543 1519
Millet Production Quantity 1800 5000 2000 * 2087 1387
Millet Seed 63.06 Fc 49.5 Fc 90 Fc 75 Fc 76.29 Fc
Millet Yield 10909.1 Fc 16666.7 Fc 8000 Fc 8206.84 Fc 9131.01 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 2559 563 7050 80 9000 F
Mustard seed Area Harvested 4509 2626 16674 29985 12930
Mustard seed Production Quantity 3412 1194 13949 15445 6198
Mustard seed Seed 64.43 Fc 67.64 Fc 39.39 Fc 250.11 Fc 449.78 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 7567.09 Fc 4546.84 Fc 8365.72 Fc 5150.91 Fc 4793.5 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 195542 213163 187450 238472 230894
Oats Production Quantity 346918 377456 447079 323060 327400
Oats Seed 38665 Fc 36175.3 Fc 39435.2 Fc 34678.2 Fc 44117.3 Fc
Oats Yield 17741.3 Fc 17707.4 Fc 23850.6 Fc 13547.1 Fc 14179.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1271620 A 1179370 A 1108200 A 1325020 A 1003630 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1097830 A 967305 A 1037600 A 901207 A 613586 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 19093.5 A 27787.8 A 21298.7 A 18647.7 A 20645.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8633.37 Fc 8201.85 Fc 9362.87 Fc 6801.49 Fc 6113.65 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1271620 A 1179370 A 1108200 A 1325020 A 1003630 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 756397 A 663208 A 736463 A 667923 A 454553 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6742.88 A 8720.88 A 7137.07 A 6437.08 A 7336.35 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5948.31 Fc 5623.39 Fc 6645.56 Fc 5040.87 Fc 4529.08 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 33647 35489 28275 36806 37682
Onions, dry Production Quantity 390694 363625 332827 350400 340784
Onions, dry Yield 116116 Fc 102461 Fc 117711 Fc 95201.9 Fc 90436.8 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3891 4470 2933 4179 4400
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 54035 63434 41939 58311 51300
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 138872 Fc 141911 Fc 142990 Fc 139533 Fc 116591 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1973 2689 3126 2892 3273
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 17408 29797 19629 18000 13000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 88231.1 Fc 110811 Fc 62792.7 Fc 62240.7 Fc 39718.9 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4421 6067 5316 5895 6101
Pears Production Quantity 62425 88890 45931 103758 68100
Pears Yield 141201 Fc 146514 Fc 86401.4 Fc 176010 Fc 111621 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 17530 12210 23590 18135 14844
Peas, dry Production Quantity 35682 38801 57018 23500 20450
Peas, dry Seed 2000 Fc 1800 Fc 1300 Fc 2400 Fc 1880 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 20354.8 Fc 31778 Fc 24170.4 Fc 12958.4 Fc 13776.6 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 6067 5342 2646 5435 5323
Peas, green Production Quantity 26097 23269 17411 20247 19605
Peas, green Yield 43014.7 Fc 43558.6 Fc 65801.2 Fc 37253 Fc 36830.7 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 78940 93866 96996 94489 87771
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 598753 622357 475767 909648 220638
Plums and sloes Yield 75849.1 Fc 66302.7 Fc 49050.2 Fc 96270.3 Fc 25137.9 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 3802 Im 3526 Im 3313 Im 3961 Im 3000 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 1500 F 1280 Im 1400 * 1400 * 1400 *
Poppy seed Seed 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F 120 F
Poppy seed Yield 3945.29 Fc 3630.18 Fc 4225.78 Fc 3534.46 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 283089 285312 254005 281868 283200
Potatoes Production Quantity 4015900 3738590 4230210 3947180 4077630
Potatoes Seed 862400 862400 788000 842169 847618
Potatoes Yield 141860 Fc 131035 Fc 166540 Fc 140036 Fc 143984 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 458 95 2450 2310 2200
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 485 84 778 400 1200
Pulses, nes Seed 26.75 Fc 22.9 Fc 4.75 Fc 122.5 Fc 115.5 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10589.5 Fc 8842.11 Fc 3175.51 Fc 1731.6 Fc 5454.55 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 75828 A 70335 A 72304 A 47441 A 42661 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 71574 A 80913 A 112331 A 63579 A 55250 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 2870.67 A 2998.86 A 2479.95 A 3475.86 A 2541.5 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9438.99 Fc 11504 Fc 15535.9 Fc 13401.7 Fc 12950.9 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6638 2852 47949 25000 F 19918 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 82076 49215 290832 333000 * 238000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 123646 Fc 172563 Fc 60654.4 Fc 133200 Fc 119490 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 871 Im 928 Im 1000 F 1100 F 907 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 6447 Im 5767 Im 8000 * 8200 * 6500 *
Quinces Yield 74018.4 Fc 62144.4 Fc 80000 Fc 74545.4 Fc 71664.8 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 102532 84222 47931 12744 54559
Rapeseed Production Quantity 175050 147566 98661 8100 35900
Rapeseed Seed 3067.71 Fc 1025.32 Fc 842.22 Fc 479.31 Fc 127.44 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 17072.7 Fc 17521.1 Fc 20584 Fc 6355.93 Fc 6580.03 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 100 100 100 98 58
Raspberries Production Quantity 2200 * 2200 * 1200 * 2000 * 1000 *
Raspberries Yield 220000 Fc 220000 Fc 120000 Fc 204082 Fc 172414 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 5583 3394 1239 105 500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 18420 14251 4963 253 600
Rice, paddy Seed 2183.76 Fc 1507.41 Fc 916.38 Fc 334.53 Fc 28.35 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 32993 Fc 41988.8 Fc 40056.5 Fc 24095.2 Fc 12000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 283089 A 285312 A 254005 A 281868 A 283200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4015900 A 3738590 A 4230210 A 3947180 A 4077630 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 862400 A 862400 A 788000 A 842169 A 847618 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 141860 Fc 131035 Fc 166540 Fc 140036 Fc 143984 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 17242 20650 21792 10761 10500
Rye Production Quantity 35720 48962 55000 17358 20080
Rye Seed 2149.38 Fc 3103.56 Fc 3717 Fc 3922.56 Fc 1936.98 Fc
Rye Yield 20716.8 Fc 23710.4 Fc 25238.6 Fc 16130.5 Fc 19123.8 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sorghum Area Harvested 740 756 8700 4687 1802
Sorghum Production Quantity 1331 1912 28400 4991 2557
Sorghum Seed 35.76 Fc 29.6 Fc 30.24 Fc 348 Fc 187.48 Fc
Sorghum Yield 17986.5 Fc 25291 Fc 32643.7 Fc 10648.6 Fc 14189.8 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 177481 130752 112243 122224 69793
Soybeans Production Quantity 344909 312781 298506 224900 145900
Soybeans Seed 18583.4 Fc 30171.8 Fc 22227.8 Fc 19081.3 Fc 20778.1 Fc
Soybeans Yield 19433.6 Fc 23921.7 Fc 26594.6 Fc 18400.6 Fc 20904.7 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
Spinach Area Harvested 655 238 642 500 Im 491 Im
Spinach Production Quantity 4467 1229 5426 3930 * 4000 F
Spinach Yield 68198.5 Fc 51638.7 Fc 84517.1 Fc 78600 Fc 81466.4 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 2397 2167 1554 1902 1842
Strawberries Production Quantity 21612 18158 14533 14900 16850
Strawberries Yield 90162.7 Fc 83793.3 Fc 93519.9 Fc 78338.6 Fc 91476.7 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 39149 25023 20767 37936 40746
Sugar beet Production Quantity 1152200 729658 672723 764475 954630
Sugar beet Yield 294311 Fc 291595 Fc 323938 Fc 201517 Fc 234288 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 981856 957119 925634 1153340 860146
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1526230 1340940 1557810 1506400 1002800
Sunflower seed Seed 5239.81 Fc 6872.99 Fc 6699.83 Fc 6479.44 Fc 8073.39 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 15544.3 Fc 14010.2 Fc 16829.7 Fc 13061.2 Fc 11658.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1408 3220 7471 7111 8613
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1686 3682 7471 7900 16000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 11974.4 Fc 11434.8 Fc 10000 Fc 11109.5 Fc 18576.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 49967 46487 58461 49300 47828
Tomatoes Production Quantity 834968 626960 1330090 818900 658800
Tomatoes Yield 167104 Fc 134868 Fc 227517 Fc 166105 Fc 137744 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1691 A 2095 A 1878 A 2031 A 2075 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 38503 A 47889 A 15671 A 50899 A 37582 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 227694 Fc 228587 Fc 83445.1 Fc 250611 Fc 181118 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 27356 33494 27912 10290
Triticale Production Quantity 71285 94142 100997 19473
Triticale Seed 318.65 Fc 273.56 Fc 334.94 Fc 279.12 Fc 102.9 Fc
Triticale Yield 26058.3 Fc 28107.1 Fc 36184.1 Fc 18924.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3500 F 5000 F 10000 * 24000 * 22000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 29842 12000 * 167000 * 465000 * 365000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 85262.9 Fc 24000 Fc 167000 Fc 193750 Fc 165909 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 278282 A 269029 A 299940 A 310186 A 289902 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4143300 A 3624860 A 4774550 A 4684930 A 3901610 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 148889 Fc 134738 Fc 159184 Fc 151036 Fc 134584 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 278282 A 269029 A 299940 A 310186 A 289902 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4143300 A 3624860 A 4774550 A 4684930 A 3901610 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 148889 Fc 134738 Fc 159184 Fc 151036 Fc 134584 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1678 2063 1856 2013 2056
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 38471 47810 15608 50819 37523
Walnuts, with shell Yield 229267 Fc 231750 Fc 84094.8 Fc 252454 Fc 182505 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 30689 32520 34849 37419 39000
Watermelons Production Quantity 587756 628326 723179 706274 600000
Watermelons Yield 191520 Fc 193212 Fc 207518 Fc 188747 Fc 153846 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1992360 2448130 2246600 1410940 2148200
Wheat Production Quantity 5526190 7340660 7812430 2479050 4421000
Wheat Seed 570524 696221 648999 456940 551515
Wheat Yield 27736.9 Fc 29984.8 Fc 34774.5 Fc 17570.2 Fc 20580 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 13982 Q 14156 Q 13621 Q 13634 Q 13630 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 83 Q 83.9 Q 71.6 Q 85.4 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 100 Q 84 Q 68 Q 46.5 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 103.4 Q 83.3 Q 296 Q 257 Q 320.3 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 183 Q 167.9 Q 139.6 Q 131.9 Q
Arable land Area 8995 Q 9146 Q 8789 Q 8721 Q 8675 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 9439 Q 9609 Q 9249 Q 9184 Q 9136 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 64 Fm 54 Q 40 Q 36 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 84 Fm 73 Q 52 Q 37 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 148 Fm 127 Q 92 Q 73 Q
Country area Area 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q
Fallow land Area 913 Q 1339 Q 905 Q 923 Q 898 Q
Forest area Area 6609.4 Fm 6573 Q 6536.6 Fm 6500.2 Fm 6463.8 Fm
Inland water Area 823 Q 834 Q 833 Q 849 Q 850 Q
Land area Area 23016 Q 23005 Q 23006 Q 22990 Q 22989 Q
Other land Area 2424.6 Fm 2276 Fm 2848.4 Fm 2855.8 Fm 2895.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4543 Q 4547 Q 4372 Q 4450 Q 4533 Q
Permanent crops Area 444 Q 463 Q 460 Q 463 Q 461 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 1 Q 0.9 Q 0.6 Q 0.4 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 2 Q 1 Q 1 Q 0.5 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 3 Q 1.9 Q 1.6 Q 0.9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4543 Q 4547 Q 4372 Q 4450 Q 4494 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 18 Q 29 Q 31 Q 49 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 14 Q 10 Q 15 Q 9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 32 Q 39 Q 46 Q 58 Q
Temporary crops Area 7205 Q 6956 Q 7058 Q 6969 Q 7009 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 877 Q 851 Q 826 Q 829 Q 768 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3149 Q 3154 Q 3157 Q 3157 Q 3156 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 14039 Q 14180 Q 14130 Q 14800 Q 14818 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 65.2 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 43.1 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 96.5 Q 46 Q 327 W 569 Q 488 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 108.3 Q 92.8 I
Arable land Area 8939 Q 8985 Q 8915 Q 9377 Q 9376 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 9408 Q 9495 Q 9344 Q 9842 Q 9859 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 34 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 23 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 57 Q
Country area Area 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q 23839 Q
Fallow land Area 1055 Q 517 Q 387 Q 498 Q 375 Q
Forest area Area 6427.4 Fm 6391 Q 6386 Fm 6381 Fm 6376 Fm
Inland water Area 841 Q 841 Fm 839 Fm 844 Fm 852 Fm
Land area Area 22998 Q 22998 Q 23000 Q 22995 Q 22987 Q
Other land Area 2531.6 Fm 2427 Fm 2484 Fm 1814 Fm 1793 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4631 Q 4685 Q 4786 Q 4958 Q 4959 Q
Permanent crops Area 469 Q 510 Q 429 Q 465 Q 483 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 0.2 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.1 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 0.3 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4631 Q 4685 Q 4786 Q 4958 Q 4959 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 31 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 20 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 51 Q
Temporary crops Area 7025 Q 7648 Q 7970 Q 7655 Q 7845 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 859 Q 820 Q 558 Q 1224 Q 1156 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3157 Q 3176 Q 3177 Q 3176 Q 3176 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files