Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Romania

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Datasheet

Romania

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 19,356,544 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 12,630 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 244,434.69 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 250,077.44 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 4.10 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Erythroneura vulnerataPresentChireceanu et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); Gutenmaher et al. (1974); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Formerly presentEmber et al. (2011); Lindner et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentNémeth (1986); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); Danet et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedPloaie (1980); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentNémeth (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBaicu et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCătană et al. (1997)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bolea et al. (1995); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentSlav et al. (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Ulea et al. (2012); Sobolu et al. (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaVerruca spengleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentMarcu et al. (1997); Sutton (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedRadócz and Tarcali (2005); Gábor et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentHâruța et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentFlorian et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDoina and Ghizdavu (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Chinan (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sediPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Chira et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Zală et al. (2008); Oroian et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Prodan (1935); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentSteiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum (2012); CABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeSavulescu (1953); Crane (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Blada (1990); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022); Negrean and Anastasiu (2006)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Negrean and Anastasiu (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMurina (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSurugiu (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaStreblospio gynobranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativeCeianu and Teodorescu (1975); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadIonescu (1985); Popescu (1989); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndricus grossulariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphelonyx cerricolaPresentIlie and Marinescu (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBlank et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentVarga (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsias ephippiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagnalliella yuccaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, Few occurrencesKarsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jensen (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Ianovici et al. (2012); Fora et al. (2014); Pál et al. (2014); Don et al. (2016); Olenici and Duduman (2016); Floricel et al. (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Chireceanu et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeCristescu et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentVoicu et al. (1987); Tălmaciu and Tălmaciu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSzekely et al. (2011); Szekely et al. (2011); Gutue et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); Simionescu et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentStancă-Moise (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); Manole et al. (2017); Manole et al. (2017); Talmaciu et al. (2019); Talmaciu et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentNativeWattier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)PresentNativeScobiola-Palade (1982); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentBorusiewicz and Capecki (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Chireceanu et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)PresentRadocz et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentGlavendekić (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)PresentIntroducedBostancı et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Bărbuceanu and Andriescu (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasivePârvulescu L et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentHerea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Virteiu et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Macavei et al. (2015); Ion and Raluca (2019); Otavă et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentMarkó and Pozsgai (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Roșca (2010); Negruț et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedDanzig and Pellizari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentNativeBacescu (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Varga et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeSimionescu (1993); Simionescu (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentOlenici et al. (2010); Duduman et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativeMihalciuc et al. (1998); BAWBILT (2002); Varga et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Cosma and Mariana (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chireceanu et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); Grozea and Muntean (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDrosu (2001); Cojocaru (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); Cosma and Mariana (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadNativeBacescu (1940); Popescu and Prunescu-Arion (1960); Wittmann (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentFilip and Alexandri (1977); Filip (1985); Filip (1986); Roșian (1989); Filip (1990); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Șimonca and Tăut (2007); Harrison et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacropsis cyanescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tomescu and Negru (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegabruchidius dorsalisPresentPintilioaie et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNanu (1976); Nanu et al. (1986); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentPerju et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentGogan et al. (2010); Chireceanu et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); Mihalciuc et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeocrepidodera ferrugineaPresentCosma and Mariana (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeConstantineanu (1983); Mihalache et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentGrozea et al. (2015); Grozea et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); Ilie and Marinescu (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022); Chireceanu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia difficilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Negruț et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedPârvulescu et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMicu and Nitail˜ă (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadCeianu (1962); Ceianu et al. (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ben-Dov et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedCean and Dobrin (2009); Baețan et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2013); Mitrea (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresentChireceanu et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentPopescu-Gorj (1964); Higgins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeAvtzis et al. (2008); Fora et al. (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveBorcea (1924); Borcea (1930); Marcu (1930); Negru (1966); Negru (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadMostata (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); Gutue et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentCarausu et al. (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentCosma and Mariana (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedBacescu (1967); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentNastase (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeNegru and Pirvescu (1966); Smith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puncticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); Gutue et al. (2012); Chețan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Serafim (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentTeodorescu and Simionescu (1994); Dissescu and Ceianu (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadDrugescu (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Byrne et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); Orosi-Pal (1975); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBud (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022); Chireceanu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBlair et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelon haematocheilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)PresentNativeWhitehead (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedHolcik (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); FAO-DIAS (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus maraena (Maraena whitefish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadNativeBalon (1994); Steffens (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)Present, WidespreadNativeIacob and Dima (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFAO (1997); Olenin et al. (2008); DAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBanarescu (1964); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentLaiu and Murariu (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedNowak and Pielowski (1964); Barbu (1969); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedNiethammer and Krapp (1982); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUloth and Prien (1985); Micu et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNalbant et al. (2004); Popa et al. (2006); Covaciu-Marcov et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); FAO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Micu (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasivePaunović et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHelix Consulting (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentCastillejo (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentNativeSon (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMicu and Telembici (2004); Popa and Popa (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma ancepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeGrossu and Lupu (1960); Wiktor and Jurkowska (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeISSG (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPteria hirundoPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrossu (1964); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCIESM (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentClapp and Kenk (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentEsser et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Karssen and Groza (2018);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Calin et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedRomascu and Lemeni (1972); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMarks and Rojancovski (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); Groza et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRojancovski and Dehebanu (1986); CABI/EPPO (2011); Oro et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentFauna Europaea (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedRomascu et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Romascu et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema vuitteneziPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bontă et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedRadulescu and Georgescu (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018);
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus disparPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesUrocleidus similisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedLawalree (1964); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEuro+Med (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Negrean (2011); Dobrescu and Soare (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeCaraus (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedChirilă and Pintilie (1986); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Hernea et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentPintilioaie et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Iacob et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeSavulescu (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Clarke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus acutilobusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chirilă and Pintilie (1985); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAnastasiu et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Love (1976); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDumitrascu et al. (2013); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); DAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Ion and Raluca (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis procurrensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus galegiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentManole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentSlonovschi (1982); Naoy and Șarpe (1987); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSîrbu (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeGroza (1986); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedTutin (1993); Fitter and Peat (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Cristea and Manole (2014); Cristea and Jurcoane (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeSlonovschi et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Ochsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium multifidumPresentManole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2004); Ilie and Marinescu (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); Manole et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNegrean and Ioana (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedAnastasiu and Memedemin (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum hyssopifoliumPresentOprea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Chireceanu et al. (2017); Chireceanu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentTanase and Oprean (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeWilliams and Hunyadi (1987); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus odoratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHeywood and Ball (1968); Marusca et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Togor and Burescu (2013); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Badea and Raicu (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium intermediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentManole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentDiaconu (1990); Holm et al. (1991); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAnastasiu and Negrean (2005); Oprea and Sîrbu (2006); Manole et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine ambiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnastasiu et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dandy (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sârbu et al. (2006); DAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadPintilie and Chirilă (1985); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentManole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentIntroducedArdelean et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum perovskianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia leptocaulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedSoare and Dobrescu (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentChiriță (1990); USDA-ARS (2015); Manole et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentBotta-Dukát and Balogh (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus plicatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadSlonovschi (1982); Chiriță et al. (1998); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Iacob et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013); Ilie and Marinescu (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2003); Iacob et al. (2013); Pintilioaie et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); Velichi (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1976); Filep et al. (2010); Ion and Raluca (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); Sîrbu and Oprea (2013); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHepatica transsilvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentRadoi et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentPopescu et al. (1983); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Trepl (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea tricolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDihoru (2004); Sirbu (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus dudleyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeInvasivePele et al. (2008); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKitaibela vitifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSarpe et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium platyphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Sîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCadar (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flora Europaea (1968); Iacob et al. (2013); ILDIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacleaya cordataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia chiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentManole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria korsakowiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoricandia arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ion and Raluca (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); Hussner (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIacob et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentOprea et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes linifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasivePricop and Cristea (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968); DAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis dilleniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOprea and Sírbu (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oprea et al. (2011); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ion and Raluca (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Petre and Carciu (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetroselinum segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetunia integrifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHanganu et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeSarpe et al. (1981); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentGutue et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStoian et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentCoste (1970); Cristea and Groza (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Tutin and Et Al. (1964); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveNagodă et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont (2009); Pairon et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIon and Raluca (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Iacob et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); Ilie and Marinescu (2018); Pintilioaie et al. (2018); Ion and Raluca (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Groza et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Manole et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentSarpe et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria lancifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola acutifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum dasyphyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSirbu and Oprea (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeSavulescu (1964); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania herbaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Ion and Raluca (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSophora jaubertiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Manole et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentCiorlăuș (1983); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Slonovschi et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentIntroducedSîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Sîrbu et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedWinter et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeesdalia nudicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi kovatsiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragopogon graminifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium angulatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Stefan (1998); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Ilie and Marinescu (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica acinifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ilie and Marinescu (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium saccharatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentChireceanu et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium aureolumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); Olesen et al. (2018); OIE (2020)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentCociu et al. (1972)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2020)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentPop and Jilaveanu (1985); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, WidespreadPop (1962); POP et al. (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); Zagrai et al. (2008); Zagrai et al. (2010); Zagrai et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); Olesen et al. (2018); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBaba et al. (1977); Cotofan and Paul (1979)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Bunaciu et al. (1986)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avipoxPresentCociu et al. (1972)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Popa (1998)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentMcneil et al. (1949); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedRadulescu and Georgescu (1962)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentIstrate et al. (1983)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine papillomatosisPresentBaba et al. (1999)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentAdamesteanu et al. (1976)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadCambir and Coman (1991)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2018); OIE (2000); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2020)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentMocanu (1989)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedSchrimpf et al. (2012)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentStancu (2002)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentZarzara (1980)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentMoldovan et al. (1986)
dourineAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentOIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018);
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentCociu et al. (1972); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSuteu et al. (1987); Suteu et al. (1987)
glandersAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentMircean et al. (2014)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lyme borreliosisPresentCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentCatana et al. (1997)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Adamesteanu et al. (1969); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadBahacek˜rboi and Turcu (1995)
scrapiePresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2020); Fijan (1999); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentNowok (1979); Onet and Pommer (1991)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadMânzat and Herman (1999)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO (1997); OIE (1998)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentIonita et al. (2013)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); Orosi-Pal (1975); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesArea harvested52,74053,94055,59755,52855,883
Production quantity492,700634,770348,656467,259476,059
Yield93,421 Fc117,681 Fc62,711 Fc84,148 Fc85,189 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested2,0401,9702,1102,1962,621
Production quantity29,42034,43033,85130,72630,998
Yield144,216 Fc174,772 Fc160,431 Fc139,918 Fc118,268 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested55 Im58 Im61 Im
Production quantity708 Im731 Im758 Im
Yield128,727 Fc126,034 Fc124,262 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested19020
Production quantity27020
Yield14,211 Fc10,000 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested448,890423,500455,029480,943468,569
Production quantity1,879,9501,870,7101,906,7031,817,2691,626,330
Yield41,880 Fc44,173 Fc41,903 Fc37,786 Fc34,708 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested5,3804,9709,2669,3669,767
Production quantity26,69026,85063,40749,76456,041
Yield49,610 Fc54,024 Fc68,430 Fc53,133 Fc57,378 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested290200405 Im407 Im383 Im
Production quantity6602703,080 Im3,089 Im2,967 Im
Yield22,759 Fc13,500 Fc76,049 Fc75,897 Fc77,467 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested210180132128150
Production quantity610650339298320
Yield29,048 Fc36,111 Fc25,682 Fc23,281 Fc21,333 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested11,89012,280
Production quantity14,10017,300
Yield11,859 Fc14,088 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested28,79028,73046,31446,39548,887
Production quantity616,930692,6301,028,475994,5961,080,277
Yield214,286 Fc241,082 Fc222,066 Fc214,376 Fc220,974 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested8,2408,31014,72814,88115,564
Production quantity117,110127,590199,787191,874213,392
Yield142,124 Fc153,538 Fc135,651 Fc128,939 Fc137,106 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested3,3603,3503,3203,1043,263
Production quantity43,52055,82053,56339,93543,935
Yield129,524 Fc166,627 Fc161,334 Fc128,657 Fc134,646 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested8802,7603,3014,6472,535
Production quantity1,4005,4906,0167,3653,784
Yield15,909 Fc19,891 Fc18,225 Fc15,849 Fc14,927 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested5,572,530 A5,261,270 A5,191,407 A5,480,496 A5,455,244 A
Production quantity30,411,970 A31,552,790 A27,138,884 A21,764,816 A19,332,821 A
Yield54,575 Fc59,972 Fc52,277 Fc39,713 Fc35,439 Fc
CherriesArea harvested3,3004,2906,0246,1276,308
Production quantity39,14049,10058,47473,83475,503
Yield118,606 Fc114,452 Fc97,068 Fc120,506 Fc119,694 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested2,7902,770
Production quantity34,31037,970
Yield122,975 Fc137,076 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested1010333
Production quantity4040313335
Yield40,000 Fc40,000 Fc103,333 Fc110,000 Fc116,667 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested10,7809,96017,74917,98718,415
Production quantity135,500140,260226,459201,881226,300
Yield125,696 Fc140,823 Fc127,590 Fc112,237 Fc122,889 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested6,9106,91012,69912,93512,988
Production quantity118,630138,610201,001186,471196,812
Yield171,679 Fc200,593 Fc158,281 Fc144,160 Fc151,534 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested30150151142158
Production quantity3080119116136
Yield10,000 Fc5,333 Fc7,881 Fc8,169 Fc8,608 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested4,8104,8008,6508,7879,200
Production quantity79,66088,150127,763116,225128,423
Yield165,613 Fc183,646 Fc147,703 Fc132,269 Fc139,590 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested1,430 A1,540 A2,015 A1,862 A1,890 A
Production quantity3,160 A2,880 A2,955 A2,830 A3,151 A
Yield22,098 Fc18,701 Fc14,665 Fc15,199 Fc16,672 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Flax fibre and towArea harvested903599
Production quantity12079241
Yield13,333 Fc22,571 Fc24,343 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested335,030 A333,680 A341,206 A339,257 A343,785 A
Production quantity2,898,050 A3,449,840 A2,642,681 A2,431,144 A2,506,589 A
Yield86,501 Fc103,388 Fc77,451 Fc71,661 Fc72,912 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested1,2701,270
Production quantity29,07032,550
Yield228,898 Fc256,299 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested5,7605,8809,97410,21110,745
Production quantity27,70030,57055,67354,38964,140
Yield48,090 Fc51,990 Fc55,818 Fc53,265 Fc59,693 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested
Production quantity
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested176,340172,800176,202175,057177,010
Production quantity973,9901,140,5701,067,120736,892798,765
Yield55,234 Fc66,005 Fc60,562 Fc42,094 Fc45,125 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested890720709664449
Production quantity2301,010439602422
Yield2,584 Fc14,028 Fc6,192 Fc9,066 Fc9,399 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested1,4301,4502,015 Im1,827 Im1,791 Im
Production quantity3,1602,7602,955 Im2,751 Im2,910 Im
Yield22,098 Fc19,034 Fc14,665 Fc15,057 Fc16,248 Fc
HopsArea harvested250260227257225
Production quantity220220124208224
Yield8,800 Fc8,462 Fc5,463 Fc8,093 Fc9,956 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested9090899796
Production quantity1,3201,3801,3441,7151,576
Yield146,667 Fc153,333 Fc151,011 Fc176,804 Fc164,167 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested160150253268288
Production quantity2,5902,9803,6093,4023,456
Yield161,875 Fc198,667 Fc142,648 Fc126,940 Fc120,000 Fc
LinseedArea harvested3,0802,0802,1601,9042,177
Production quantity6,2003,2003,6193,1593,638
Yield20,130 Fc15,385 Fc16,755 Fc16,591 Fc16,711 Fc
LupinsArea harvested5080
Production quantity80110
Yield16,000 Fc13,750 Fc
MaizeArea harvested2,681,9302,443,9502,403,2982,578,5232,598,633
Production quantity17,432,22018,663,94014,326,09710,746,3879,021,403
Yield64,999 Fc76,368 Fc59,610 Fc41,677 Fc34,716 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested4,3404,2604,2584,7294,178
Production quantity56,24062,08059,93259,08756,883
Yield129,585 Fc145,728 Fc140,752 Fc124,946 Fc136,149 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested8090231814
Production quantity13,87015,51015,16814,51910,955
Yield1,733,750 Fc1,723,333 Fc6,594,783 Fc8,066,111 Fc7,825,000 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested161,190161,480165,550169,579173,862
Production quantity361,570383,720407,795381,359347,975
Yield22,431 Fc23,763 Fc24,633 Fc22,489 Fc20,014 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,800,130 A1,815,000 A1,769,537 A1,628,186 A1,511,976 A
Production quantity4,816,610 A5,172,700 A4,987,106 A3,597,588 A2,976,321 A
Yield26,757 Fc28,500 Fc28,183 Fc22,096 Fc19,685 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,800,130 A1,815,000 A1,769,537 A1,628,186 A1,511,976 A
Production quantity2,509,785 A2,799,176 A2,688,302 A1,944,269 A1,603,323 A
Yield13,942 Fc15,422 Fc15,192 Fc11,941 Fc10,604 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,800,130 A1,815,000 A1,769,537 A1,628,186 A1,511,976 A
Production quantity1,848,943 A1,958,617 A1,903,705 A1,375,271 A1,132,070 A
Yield10,271 Fc10,791 Fc10,758 Fc8,447 Fc7,487 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested3,5803,830
Production quantity2,9203,220
Yield8,156 Fc8,407 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested17,35017,29030,02530,27331,195
Production quantity203,690212,300352,165325,074360,764
Yield117,401 Fc122,788 Fc117,291 Fc107,381 Fc115,648 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested1,8001,7101,7651,8051,750
Production quantity17,61022,14019,34023,64721,819
Yield97,833 Fc129,474 Fc109,575 Fc131,008 Fc124,680 Fc
PearsArea harvested3,0803,1003,1173,1472,914
Production quantity46,16057,16048,87852,75145,595
Yield149,870 Fc184,387 Fc156,811 Fc167,623 Fc156,469 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested103,080118,100105,19342,58131,056
Production quantity220,420170,750280,47778,25455,179
Yield21,383 Fc14,458 Fc26,663 Fc18,378 Fc17,768 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested2,4302,1904,6423,9763,917
Production quantity4,1804,24021,75917,19818,657
Yield17,202 Fc19,361 Fc46,874 Fc43,255 Fc47,631 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested65,58065,91066,67965,11465,671
Production quantity692,670830,060444,922512,975496,468
Yield105,622 Fc125,938 Fc66,726 Fc78,781 Fc75,599 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested174,120173,300171,379186,233196,058
Production quantity2,626,7903,022,7603,116,9122,689,7332,699,684
Yield150,861 Fc174,424 Fc181,872 Fc144,428 Fc137,698 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested1,8403,8401,5471,072421
Production quantity1,8303,3203,3101,417520
Yield9,946 Fc8,646 Fc21,396 Fc13,218 Fc12,352 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested116,860 A134,300 A120,037 A59,945 A53,722 A
Production quantity236,430 A191,480 A301,680 A99,312 A75,788 A
Yield20,232 Fc14,258 Fc25,132 Fc16,567 Fc14,107 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,3501,3701,9062,0303,238
Production quantity22,89022,33033,00725,56238,361
Yield169,556 Fc162,993 Fc173,174 Fc125,921 Fc118,471 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested352,620632,680597,558455,048366,065
Production quantity798,2201,610,9101,673,3271,292,779919,473
Yield22,637 Fc25,462 Fc28,003 Fc28,410 Fc25,118 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested6060403026
Production quantity1101301208992
Yield18,333 Fc21,667 Fc30,000 Fc29,667 Fc35,385 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested7,4308,2509,1259,43511,067
Production quantity39,53042,86043,31143,63549,773
Yield53,203 Fc51,952 Fc47,464 Fc46,248 Fc44,974 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity26,367 Fc28,588 Fc28,888 Fc29,105 Fc33,199 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested174,120 A173,300 A171,379 A186,233 A196,058 A
Production quantity2,626,790 A3,022,760 A3,116,912 A2,689,733 A2,699,684 A
Yield150,861 Fc174,424 Fc181,872 Fc144,428 Fc137,698 Fc
RyeArea harvested9,36010,2609,58410,4549,603
Production quantity26,18028,64028,15825,93124,319
Yield27,970 Fc27,914 Fc29,380 Fc24,805 Fc25,324 Fc
SorghumArea harvested15,71015,93013,7419,04512,809
Production quantity60,01076,31054,28224,41331,728
Yield38,199 Fc47,903 Fc39,504 Fc26,991 Fc24,770 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested158,150169,420164,624125,148126,524
Production quantity440,120492,680393,495263,380262,061
Yield27,829 Fc29,080 Fc23,903 Fc21,045 Fc20,712 Fc
SpinachArea harvested130120268293324
Production quantity1,7101,8702,8472,9903,062
Yield131,538 Fc155,833 Fc106,231 Fc102,048 Fc94,506 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested3,3003,2703,2722,7242,583
Production quantity22,62026,08027,05023,00021,587
Yield68,545 Fc79,755 Fc82,671 Fc84,435 Fc83,573 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested22,73025,72028,09924,61726,536
Production quantity917,160978,2701,174,5021,012,1861,040,827
Yield403,502 Fc380,354 Fc417,987 Fc411,174 Fc392,232 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested22,730 A25,720 A28,099 A24,617 A26,536 A
Production quantity917,160 A978,270 A1,174,502 A1,012,186 A1,040,827 A
Yield403,502 Fc380,354 Fc417,987 Fc411,174 Fc392,232 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested1,282,7001,006,990999,1621,038,4141,009,140
Production quantity3,569,1503,062,6902,912,7432,032,3401,785,771
Yield27,825 Fc30,414 Fc29,152 Fc19,572 Fc17,696 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested900920801926734
Production quantity1,2101,2601,2191,6561,079
Yield13,444 Fc13,696 Fc15,218 Fc17,883 Fc14,700 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested23,78022,97040,03940,96744,227
Production quantity436,550464,040679,807627,177701,811
Yield183,579 Fc202,020 Fc169,786 Fc153,093 Fc158,684 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested2,520 A2,320 A2,315 A2,340 A2,090 A
Production quantity49,850 A55,050 A46,267 A34,730 A33,851 A
Yield197,817 Fc237,284 Fc199,857 Fc148,419 Fc161,967 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested78,77078,99080,11582,56675,722
Production quantity314,000337,450331,567287,326265,088
Yield39,863 Fc42,721 Fc41,386 Fc34,800 Fc35,008 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested119,640 A117,250 A205,937 A208,220 A218,400 A
Production quantity1,853,290 A2,025,580 A3,101,678 A2,897,790 A3,184,271 A
Yield154,906 Fc172,757 Fc150,613 Fc139,170 Fc145,800 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested50501,1961,6811,265
Production quantity47041019,09828,06119,476
Yield94,000 Fc82,000 Fc159,682 Fc166,930 Fc153,960 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested206 Im201 Im202 Im
Production quantity1020774 Im746 Im755 Im
Yield37,573 Fc37,114 Fc37,376 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested1,6201,5901,6031,6731,638
Production quantity49,58054,00045,79734,09533,394
Yield306,049 Fc339,623 Fc285,696 Fc203,796 Fc203,871 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested17,86017,80019,09419,90321,806
Production quantity462,710521,800493,583418,469449,179
Yield259,076 Fc293,146 Fc258,502 Fc210,254 Fc205,989 Fc
WheatArea harvested2,168,3702,116,1502,051,6642,135,3042,102,444
Production quantity10,297,11010,143,67010,034,9558,431,1317,962,421
Yield47,488 Fc47,935 Fc48,911 Fc39,484 Fc37,872 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested3,1684,1963,206
Production quantity4,0795,6274,225
Yield12,876 Fc13,410 Fc13,178 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested12,06615,85422,122
Production quantity16,12519,08719,966
Yield13,364 Fc12,039 Fc9,025 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chick peasArea harvested1,231438123
Production quantity1,768554123
Yield14,362 Fc12,648 Fc10,000 Fc
Chicory rootsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested55,293 Im54,130 Im52,110 Im
Production quantity50,038 Im49,197 Im48,049 Im
Yield9,050 Fc9,089 Fc9,221 Fc
CranberriesArea harvested85 Im85 Im84 Im
Production quantity585 Im582 Im572 Im
Yield68,824 Fc68,471 Fc68,095 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested1,3921,2571,265
Production quantity30,09221,82222,205
Yield216,178 Fc173,604 Fc175,534 Fc
HempseedArea harvested800 Im800 Im748 Im
Production quantity84 Im84 Im79 Im
Yield1,050 Fc1,050 Fc1,056 Fc
LentilsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Maize, greenArea harvested4,535 Im4,692 Im4,744 Im
Production quantity15,264 Im15,480 Im15,320 Im
Yield33,658 Fc32,992 Fc32,293 Fc
MelonseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
MilletArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Mustard seedArea harvested2,0203,8984,199
Production quantity2,5244,5443,823
Yield12,495 Fc11,657 Fc9,105 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvested3,213 Im2,974 Im3,123 Im
Production quantity1,314 Im1,302 Im1,476 Im
Yield4,090 Fc4,378 Fc4,726 Fc
QuincesArea harvested883 Im878 Im995 Im
Production quantity6,540 Im6,508 Im7,441 Im
Yield74,066 Fc74,123 Fc74,784 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Spices nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
String beansArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea13,414 Q13,378 Q13,521 Q13,858 Q13,830 Q
AgricultureArea13,414 Fc13,378 Fc13,521 Fc13,858 Fc13,830 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea267 Q212 Q153 Q173 Q145 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea172 Q149 Q150 Q176 Q191 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area326 Q259 Q226 Q246 Q289 Q
Arable landArea8,686 Q8,543 Q8,582 Q8,778 Q8,778 Q
Country areaArea23,840 Q23,840 Q23,840 Q23,840 Q23,840 Q
CroplandArea9,126 Q8,958 Q9,000 Q9,203 Q9,203 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea266 Q211 Q153 Q173 Q145 Fc
Cropland area certified organicArea143 Q116 Q106 Q116 Q124 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area259 Q208 Q169 Q170 Q194 Q
Forest landArea6,929 Q6,929 Q6,929 Q6,901 Q6,824 Fm
Inland watersArea832 Q832 Q831 Q831 Q831 Q
Land areaArea23,008 Q23,008 Q23,008 Q23,008 Q23,008 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea3,149 Q3,149 Q3,149 Q3,149 Q3,149 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea4,288 Q4,420 Q4,521 Q4,655 Q4,627 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea440 Q415 Q418 Q425 Q425 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea907 Q875 Q864 Q853 Q858 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea7,560 Q7,432 Q7,545 Q7,412 Q7,377 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea219 Q236 Q173 Q513 Q543 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea6,034 Q6,034 Q6,034 Q5,944 Q5,951 Fm
Other landArea2,665 Fc2,701 Fc2,558 Fc2,249 Fc2,354 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area1 Q2 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea29 Q33 Q44 Q60 Q67 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area67 Q51 Q58 Q76 Q96 Q
Planted ForestArea895 Q895 Q895 Q956 Q873 Fm
Primary ForestArea283 Fm283 Fm283 Q280 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea2,776 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea1,851 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.