Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentRagab (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveRajapaksa and Spradbery (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentMirab-balou et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, LocalizedPittaway (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentHáva and Pierre (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (South American tomato pinworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentBartley (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLever (2005); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, WidespreadNativeAl-Madfa et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveShaltout and Mady (1993); El-Demerdash et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Batanouny (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedFlora of Qatar (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentNativeDen Hartog (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedSergeev (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedRizk et al. (1985); Rizk and Hussiney (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeNorton et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeFlora of Qatar (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedPasiecznik et al. (2001); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentAbulfatih et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedFlora of Qatar (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMandaville (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Qatar (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentAbulfatih et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Qatar (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2009)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveRajapaksa and Spradbery (1989)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); Kitching (1998)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (1999)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2009)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Barley Area Harvested 178 236 244 500 F 1000 F
Barley Production Quantity 535 709 733 1500 F 3000 F
Barley Yield 30056.2 Fc 30042.4 Fc 30041 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 33 22 25 32 F 43.9 *
Beans, green Production Quantity 671 546 592 525 Im 557
Beans, green Yield 203333 Fc 248182 Fc 236800 Fc 164063 Fc 126879 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 117 173 175 100 174
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1749 2597 2622 1430 2604
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 149487 Fc 150116 Fc 149829 Fc 143000 Fc 149655 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 7 10 9 40 70
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 223 * 113 112 450 841
Carrots and turnips Yield 318571 Fc 113000 Fc 124444 Fc 112500 Fc 120143 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 115 172 137 90 90
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 1376 2066 1638 1100 1100
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 119652 Fc 120116 Fc 119562 Fc 122222 Fc 122222 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 281 A 351 A 351 A 640 A 1203.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1700 A 2665 A 2219.6 A 3150 A 5002 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 60498.2 Fc 75925.9 Fc 63236.5 Fc 49218.8 Fc 41551.8 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 2 9 16 60 F 120 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 9 52 87.6 * 350 F 700 F
Cereals, nes Yield 45000 Fc 57777.8 Fc 54750 Fc 58333.3 Fc 58333.3 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 281 A 351 A 351 A 640 A 1203.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1700 A 2665 A 2219.6 A 3150 A 5002 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 60498.2 Fc 75925.9 Fc 63236.5 Fc 49218.8 Fc 41551.8 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 86 F 86 F 86 Im 82 Im 105 Im
Chicory roots Yield 86000 Fc 86000 Fc 86000 Fc 82000 Fc 105000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 106 116 93 140 Im 147
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 920 1016 845 833 Im 884
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 86792.4 Fc 87586.2 Fc 90860.2 Fc 59500 Fc 60136.1 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 101 111 87 159 Im 157 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 800 F 750 F 690 F 1167 Im 1104 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 79207.9 Fc 67567.6 Fc 79310.3 Fc 73396.2 Fc 70318.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 101 A 111 A 87 A 159 A 157 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 800 A 750 A 690 A 1167 A 1104 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 79207.9 Fc 67567.6 Fc 79310.3 Fc 73396.2 Fc 70318.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 270 A 335 A 330 A 630 A 1190 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1674 A 2629 A 2170.6 A 3120 A 4970 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 62000 Fc 78477.6 Fc 65775.8 Fc 49523.8 Fc 41764.7 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 167 97 88 50 50
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 901 803 836 710 710
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 53952.1 Fc 82783.5 Fc 95000 Fc 142000 Fc 142000 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 2366 2469 2237 1440 1444
Dates Production Quantity 20696 21491 20815 21560 21564
Dates Yield 87472.5 Fc 87043.3 Fc 93048.7 Fc 149722 Fc 149335 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 144 187 180 120 116
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 3608 4676 4498 3030 2905
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 250556 Fc 250053 Fc 249889 Fc 252500 Fc 250431 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 19 12 16 25 F 26 F
Figs Production Quantity 130 F 85 F 110 F 162 F 178 F
Figs Yield 68421.1 Fc 70833.3 Fc 68750 Fc 64800 Fc 68461.5 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2490 A 2595 A 2343 A 1634 A 1637 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21638 A 22335 A 21625 A 22922 A 22877 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 86899.6 Fc 86069.4 Fc 92296.2 Fc 140282 Fc 139750 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield
Grapes Area Harvested 4 3 3 10 F 10 F
Grapes Production Quantity 12 F 9 F 10 F 33 Im 31 Im
Grapes Yield 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 33333.3 Fc 33000 Fc 31000 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 31 40 27 109 Im 115
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 399 523 351 1500 F 1490
Lettuce and chicory Yield 128710 Fc 130750 Fc 130000 Fc 137615 Fc 129565 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 90 90 70 70 70
Maize Production Quantity 1130 1868 1350 F 1270 1270
Maize Yield 125556 Fc 207556 Fc 192857 Fc 181429 Fc 181429 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 60 Im 59 Im 60 Im 58 Im 70 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 836 Im 834 Im 860 Im 811 Im 860 F
Maize, green Yield 139333 Fc 141356 Fc 143333 Fc 139828 Fc 122857 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 75 90 76 130 126
Okra Production Quantity 300 490 304 550 550
Okra Yield 40000 Fc 54444.4 Fc 40000 Fc 42307.7 Fc 43650.8 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 86 107 91 140 143
Onions, dry Production Quantity 2565 2777 2353 3720 3715
Onions, dry Yield 298256 Fc 259533 Fc 258571 Fc 265714 Fc 259790 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 144 Im 171 144 80 80
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1817 Im 2069 2878 900 F 730
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 126181 Fc 120994 Fc 199861 Fc 112500 Fc 91250 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1 5 3 4 F 4.4
Potatoes Production Quantity 18 46 33 40 44
Potatoes Yield 180000 Fc 92000 Fc 110000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 17 25 18 100 F 194
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 370 583 400 2000 F 4034
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 217647 Fc 233200 Fc 222222 Fc 200000 Fc 207938 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1 A 5 A 3 A 4 A 4.4 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18 A 46 A 33 A 40 A 44 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 180000 Fc 92000 Fc 110000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 20 28 23 50 F 48
Spinach Production Quantity 198 280 234 500 F 479
Spinach Yield 99000 Fc 100000 Fc 101739 Fc 100000 Fc 99791.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 302 378 509 370 373
Tomatoes Production Quantity 10661 12802 12557 11870 11868
Tomatoes Yield 353013 Fc 338677 Fc 246699 Fc 320811 Fc 318177 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 691 Im 819 Im 808 Im 642 Im 675
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 20640 Im 15435 Im 13829 Im 14179 Im 15038
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 298698 Fc 188462 Fc 171151 Fc 220857 Fc 222785 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2800 A 3305 A 3263 A 3041 A 3301.9 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 47916 A 48387 A 45669 A 44858 A 49113 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 171129 Fc 146405 Fc 139960 Fc 147511 Fc 148742 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2800 A 3305 A 3263 A 3041 A 3301.9 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 47916 A 48387 A 45669 A 44858 A 49113 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 171129 Fc 146405 Fc 139960 Fc 147511 Fc 148742 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 685 Im 811 Im 800 F 790 787
Watermelons Production Quantity 682 Im 777 Im 760 F 750 748
Watermelons Yield 9956.2 Fc 9580.76 Fc 9500 Fc 9493.67 Fc 9504.45 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 11 16 21 10 13.8
Wheat Production Quantity 26 36 49 30 32
Wheat Yield 23636.4 Fc 22500 Fc 23333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 23188.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Barley Area Harvested 1630 1629 1027 1702 1295
Barley Production Quantity 4890 4890 3082 5107 3885
Barley Yield 30000 Fc 30018.4 Fc 30009.7 Fc 30005.9 Fc 30000 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 30 21 10 Im 9 9 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 365 159 74 71 89 Im
Beans, green Yield 121667 Fc 75714.3 Fc 74000 Fc 78888.9 Fc 98888.9 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 123 56 Im 60 F 49 67
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1844 900 F 981 732 1001
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 149919 Fc 160714 Fc 163500 Fc 149388 Fc 149403 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 47 48 20 F 11 19
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 569 560 239 130 223
Carrots and turnips Yield 121064 Fc 116667 Fc 119500 Fc 118182 Fc 117368 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 90 94 66 F 95 68
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 1150 1133 794 1143 810
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 127778 Fc 120532 Fc 120303 Fc 120316 Fc 119118 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1900 A 1944 A 1332 A 1911 A 1613 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 6740 A 7094 A 5490 A 7083 A 6715 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 35473.7 Fc 36491.8 Fc 41216.2 Fc 37064.4 Fc 41630.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 190 F 239 204 80 173 Im
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 1000 F 1347 1224 482 1135 Im
Cereals, nes Yield 52631.6 Fc 56359.8 Fc 60000 Fc 60250 Fc 65606.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1900 A 1944 A 1332 A 1911 A 1613 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6740 A 7094 A 5490 A 7083 A 6715 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 35473.7 Fc 36491.8 Fc 41216.2 Fc 37064.4 Fc 41630.5 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 10 F 7 F 7 F 21 6 Im
Chicory roots Production Quantity 100 F 50 Im 70 211 47 Im
Chicory roots Yield 100000 Fc 71428.6 Fc 100000 Fc 100476 Fc 78333.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 103 46 Im 50 F 43 59
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 681 305 Im 295 F 256 352
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 66116.5 Fc 66304.4 Fc 59000 Fc 59534.9 Fc 59661 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 148 Im 138 Im 132 Im 180 F 180 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1068 Im 983 Im 903 Im 822 Im 736 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 72162.2 Fc 71231.9 Fc 68409.1 Fc 45666.7 Fc 40888.9 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 148 A 138 A 132 A 180 A 180 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1068 A 983 A 903 A 822 A 736 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 72162.2 Fc 71231.9 Fc 68409.1 Fc 45666.7 Fc 40888.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1890 A 1935 A 1323 A 1899 A 1602 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6720 A 7073 A 5468 A 7055 A 6690 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 35555.6 Fc 36553 Fc 41330.3 Fc 37151.1 Fc 41760.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 50 49 53 Im 6 62
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 710 728 92 94 903
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 142000 Fc 148571 Fc 17358.5 Fc 156667 Fc 145645 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 1444 1444 1600 F 1464 1463
Dates Production Quantity 21564 19844 18222 16579 14845
Dates Yield 149335 Fc 137424 Fc 113888 Fc 113245 Fc 101470 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 98 124 130 112 150 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 2463 3100 3024 279 3500 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 251327 Fc 250000 Fc 232615 Fc 24910.7 Fc 233333 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 30 F 42 F 50 F 76 Im 80 *
Figs Production Quantity 190 F 267 Im 200 F 223 Im 200 *
Figs Yield 63333.3 Fc 63571.4 Fc 40000 Fc 29342.1 Fc 25000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1632 A 1634 A 1788.3 A 1726.3 A 1729.3 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22855 A 21124 A 19345 A 17644 A 15801 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 140043 Fc 129278 Fc 108175 Fc 102207 Fc 91372.2 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield
Grapes Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 6.3 F 6.3 F 6.3 F
Grapes Production Quantity 33 Im 30 F 20 * 20 * 20 *
Grapes Yield 33000 Fc 30000 Fc 31746 Fc 31746 Fc 31746 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 79 25 F 20 F 17 26
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 1039 280 F 230 F 219 335
Lettuce and chicory Yield 131519 Fc 112000 Fc 115000 Fc 128824 Fc 128846 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 70 67 92 117 134
Maize Production Quantity 830 836 1162 1466 1670
Maize Yield 118571 Fc 124776 Fc 126304 Fc 125299 Fc 124627 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 76 Im 70 90 117 71 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 850 F 836 1162 1466 779 Im
Maize, green Yield 111842 Fc 119429 Fc 129111 Fc 125299 Fc 109718 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 89 70 65 70 61
Okra Production Quantity 408 282 253 280 245
Okra Yield 45842.7 Fc 40285.7 Fc 38923.1 Fc 40000 Fc 40163.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 101 166 80 F 75 150 *
Onions, dry Production Quantity 2629 2989 1556 1417 4000 *
Onions, dry Yield 260297 Fc 180060 Fc 194500 Fc 188933 Fc 266667 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 80 435 Im 397 Im 379 Im 402 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 730 4288 Im 4364 Im 3806 Im 3927 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 91250 Fc 98574.7 Fc 109924 Fc 100422 Fc 97686.6 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 3 2 F 2 2 2
Potatoes Production Quantity 31 18 Im 16 16 15
Potatoes Yield 103333 Fc 90000 Fc 80000 Fc 80000 Fc 75000 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 133 66 75 F 93 466 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 2768 1316 1526 1853 8309 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 208120 Fc 199394 Fc 203467 Fc 199247 Fc 178305 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 2 A 2 A 2 A 2 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 31 A 18 A 16 A 16 A 15 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 103333 Fc 90000 Fc 80000 Fc 80000 Fc 75000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 34 29 5 F 8 5
Spinach Production Quantity 344 287 54 78 50
Spinach Yield 101176 Fc 98965.5 Fc 108000 Fc 97500 Fc 100000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 250 178 250 F 161 197
Tomatoes Production Quantity 7972 5328 7379 4827 5904
Tomatoes Yield 318880 Fc 299326 Fc 295160 Fc 299814 Fc 299695 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 763 810 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 9999 5790 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 131048 Fc 71481.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2201 A 1507 A 1398 A 1273 A 2649 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 35048 A 22791 A 22293 A 16913 A 36475 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 159237 Fc 151234 Fc 159464 Fc 132859 Fc 137693 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2201 A 1507 A 1398 A 1273 A 2649 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35048 A 22791 A 22293 A 16913 A 36475 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 159237 Fc 151234 Fc 159464 Fc 132859 Fc 137693 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 55 30 F 27 F 28 27
Watermelons Production Quantity 527 300 F 270 262 258
Watermelons Yield 95818.2 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 93571.4 Fc 95555.6 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 10 9 9 12 11
Wheat Production Quantity 20 21 22 28 25
Wheat Yield 20000 Fc 23333.3 Fc 24444.4 Fc 23333.3 Fc 22727.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 66 Fm 66 Fm 66 Fm 66 Fm 66 Fm
Arable land Area 14 Fm 14 Fm 14 Fm 14 Fm 14 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm
Country area Area 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W
Forest area Area Fm E Fm Fm Fm
Land area Area 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W
Other land Area 1095 Fm 1095 Fm 1095 Fm 1095 Fm 1095 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 65 Fm 63.6 Fm 64.6 Fm 64.6 Fm 64.5 Fm
Arable land Area 13 Fm 11.6 Fm 11.6 Fm 11.6 Fm 11.5 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 15 Fm 13.6 Fm 14.6 Fm 14.6 Fm 14.5 Fm
Country area Area 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W
Forest area Area Fm E Fm Fm Fm
Land area Area 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W 1161 W
Other land Area 1096 Fm 1097.4 Fm 1096.4 Fm 1096.4 Fm 1096.5 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 3 I 3 I 3 I
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 Fm 50 F 50 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 F 12.9 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files