Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Paraguay

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Datasheet

Paraguay

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman (1989)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019); Leite Junior et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Leite Junior et al. (2013); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Santiago et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentMathieson and Follin (1981)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentIntroducedKobayashi (1984); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSanchez (1967); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentSpegazzini (1884); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentHernández (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadCIMMYT (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeBezzi (1919); Stone (1942); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNikiphoroff and Whitaker (1992); Toledo et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKochalka (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedNakahara (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Murúa et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeBen-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBenítez Díaz et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentMichel and Gomez (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeLöhr and Varela (1987); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWATTANAPONGSIRI (1966); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated); Pitts (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentEPPO (2020); Soliman et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadSmith and Cermeli (1979); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOrosi-Pal (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentPérez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativePasachnik et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBonino et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentSwedish Museum of Natural History (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVogler et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarrigran and Ezcurra de Drago (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentNativeIhering (1919); Quintana (1982); Simone (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePeso et al. (2011); Peso and Quintana (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Cowie and Thiengo (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); Centurión et al. (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoidesPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeSchvartzman and Santander (1996); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentCABI (Undated); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2015); Schuester (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeGBIF (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeEshbaugh (1970); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso (1954); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGómez-Laurito (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeHacker et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEgea et al. (2016); Tropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentBini and Thomaz (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson and Vega (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadNativeBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentLurvey (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014); Flora of Nicaragua (2014); Paraguay Checklist (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); Grosse (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, LocalizedNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeFLAS (2014); Flora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis alata (clustered bushmint)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeGardner and Bennetts (1956); CSIRO (1998); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeInvasiveZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeWCSP (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentVera and Aldama (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedBrune (1989); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016); Ooststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativeILDIS (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWiggins and Porter (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeOrchard (1981); Mereles and Degen (1993); Vogt and Mereles (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedEgea et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Cervi (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedJiang (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOhnuki et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); Zuloaga et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaPresent, LocalizedNativeInvasiveBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Almeda (1990); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedMorel (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeRoe (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Nee (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Paraguay (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta bogotensis (parquet bur)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeFerrucci and Lattar (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeAustin and Staples (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGrosse (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeInvasiveIABIN (2008); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStech and Dohrmann (2004)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez (1990)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentSpegazzini (1920); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentEsquivel-Fariña et al. (2020)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anaplasmosisPresentPayne and Osorio (1990); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentFood & Agriculture Organization (1972)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentNativePayne and Osorio (1990); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentBrizuela (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine influenzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
European foul broodPresentSchotman (1989)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedKegler Pangrazio et al. (2009); OIE Handistatus (2005)
leptospirosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
myxomatosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
toxoplasmosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOrosi-Pal (1975)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 86 Im 95 Im 85 F 82 Im 81 F
Apples Production Quantity 699 Im 732 Im 685 F 653 Im 650 F
Apples Yield 81279.1 Fc 77052.6 Fc 80588.2 Fc 79634.1 Fc 80246.9 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 2446 Im 2691 Im 2400 F 2411 Im 2300 F
Avocados Production Quantity 14289 Im 14968 Im 14000 F 13262 Im 13500 F
Avocados Yield 58417.8 Fc 55622.4 Fc 58333.3 Fc 55006.2 Fc 58695.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7651 10607 7500 7434 13000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 60022 79856 58840 58321 46000 F
Bananas Yield 78449.9 Fc 75286.1 Fc 78453.3 Fc 78451.7 Fc 35384.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 61977 56765 61400 55423.6 85000
Beans, dry Production Quantity 53253 48775 42980 44627.8 70000
Beans, dry Seed 3718.62 Fc 3718.62 Fc 3405.9 Fc 3684 Fc 3325.42 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8592.38 Fc 8592.44 Fc 7000 Fc 8052.13 Fc 8235.29 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 14636 Im 13405 Im 14500 F 14000 F 15000 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 15487 Im 14185 Im 12500 F 12000 F 13000 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 878.16 Fc 878.16 Fc 804.3 Fc 870 Fc 840 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 10581.4 Fc 10581.9 Fc 8620.69 Fc 8571.43 Fc 8666.67 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1011 997 991 864 1500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 11688 11680 11458 7503 15000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 115608 Fc 117151 Fc 115621 Fc 86840.3 Fc 100000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 181332 177480 180000 170694 300000
Cassava Production Quantity 2453840 2624080 2610000 2218530 4800000
Cassava Yield 135323 Fc 147852 Fc 145000 Fc 129971 Fc 160000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 11000 * 11000 * 11000 * 11000 * 10000
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 13000 * 13000 * 13000 * 13000 * 10500
Castor oil seed Seed 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 11818.2 Fc 11818.2 Fc 11818.2 Fc 11818.2 Fc 10500 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1541590 A 1439300 A 1343070 A 1283920 A 1223000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 5228740 A 4870600 A 3094540 A 3394350 A 2811710 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 53645 A 53645 A 51401.8 A 49841.7 A 49134.1 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 33917.8 Fc 33840.1 Fc 23040.8 Fc 26437.4 Fc 22990.3 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1541590 A 1439300 A 1343070 A 1283920 A 1223000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5364690 A 4975570 A 3166140 A 3442540 A 2855000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 53645 A 53645 A 51401.8 A 49841.7 A 49134.1 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 34799.6 Fc 34569.4 Fc 23573.9 Fc 26812.7 Fc 23344.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 612 869 600 474 1100 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 5312 8652 5208 3979 9500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 86797.4 Fc 99562.7 Fc 86800 Fc 83945.1 Fc 86363.6 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11051 A 10713 A 10850 A 10680 A 19649 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 325171 A 325171 A 321274 A 323933 A 332900 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 294246 Fc 303529 Fc 296105 Fc 303308 Fc 169423 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 878580 A 819022 A 785070 A 869021 A 861000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3495420 A 3258360 A 1884340 A 2498210 A 1925000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 17321.7 A 17321.7 A 16130.6 A 15591.7 A 17271.2 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 39784.9 Fc 39783.6 Fc 24002.1 Fc 28747.4 Fc 22357.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 290 290 300 291 2600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 370 370 281 273 3100 F
Coffee, green Yield 12758.6 Fc 12758.6 Fc 9366.67 Fc 9381.44 Fc 11923.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 9400 F 4970 F 5940 F 21041 F 34650 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 19530 F 9484 F 11340 F 40169 F 66150 F
Cottonseed Seed 750 Fc 750 Fc 411.81 Fc 900 Fc 1987.68 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 24845 A 13727 A 30000 A 66256 A 110000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9400 A 4970 A 5940 A 21041 A 34650 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3783.46 Fc 3620.6 Fc 1980 Fc 3175.71 Fc 3150 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 36887 A 40582 A 36221 A 35518 A 50493 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 541722 A 567541 A 530906 A 528561 A 547487 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 146860 Fc 139850 Fc 146574 Fc 148815 Fc 108428 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1630 Im 1794 Im 1600 F 1537 Im 1522 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 13065 Im 13685 Im 12800 F 12299 Im 12259 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 80153.4 Fc 76282.1 Fc 80000 Fc 80019.5 Fc 80545.3 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 2547 Im 2803 Im 2500 F 2751 Im 2645 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 19903 Im 20848 Im 19500 F 21378 Im 20750 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 78142.9 Fc 74377.4 Fc 78000 Fc 77709.9 Fc 78449.9 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 158 154 155 151 350 F
Garlic Production Quantity 222 222 211 590 Im 500 F
Garlic Yield 14050.6 Fc 14415.6 Fc 13612.9 Fc 39072.8 Fc 14285.7 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1020 973 1000 976 880 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 41992 41992 40990 47150 Im 39000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 411686 Fc 431572 Fc 409900 Fc 483094 Fc 443182 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 349 349 350 342 500 F
Grapes Production Quantity 1936 1936 1809 1767 2300 F
Grapes Yield 55472.8 Fc 55472.8 Fc 51685.7 Fc 51666.7 Fc 46000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 25819 24698 25100 24112.6 37000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 24037 26564 22590 29988.5 36000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 2581.9 Fc 2581.9 Fc 2469.8 Fc 2510 Fc 2411.26 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 9309.81 Fc 10755.5 Fc 9000 Fc 12436.9 Fc 9729.73 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 442 442 450 423 750 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 9057 9057 8795 8400 F 14900 F
Lemons and limes Yield 204910 Fc 204910 Fc 195444 Fc 198582 Fc 198667 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 853592 794034 774100 858101 850000 F
Maize Production Quantity 3345880 3108820 1857840 2471710 1900000
Maize Seed 17071.8 Fc 17071.8 Fc 15880.7 Fc 15482 Fc 17162 Fc
Maize Yield 39197.7 Fc 39152.2 Fc 24000 Fc 28804.4 Fc 22352.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 4076 Im 4485 Im 4000 F 3706 Im 3900 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 30313 Im 31753 Im 29700 F 27709 Im 29000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 74369.5 Fc 70798.2 Fc 74250 Fc 74767.9 Fc 74359 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 18299 18299 18320 18305 32000 F
Maté Production Quantity 85490 85490 76726 76663 87500 F
Maté Yield 46718.4 Fc 46718.4 Fc 41881 Fc 41880.9 Fc 27343.8 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 16000 F 16000 F 16000 F 15000 F 15000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 152000 F 152000 F 152000 F 142500 F 142500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 95000 Fc 95000 Fc 95000 Fc 95000 Fc 95000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3087950 A 3025770 A 2972160 A 2772380 A 2776000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 6728730 A 6119860 A 3220950 A 5171120 A 4957630 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 101327 A 101327 A 96658 A 93414.6 A 89834 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 21790.3 Fc 20225.8 Fc 10837.1 Fc 18652.3 Fc 17858.9 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3107940 A 3045770 A 2992160 A 2792380 A 2796000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1634730 A 1539110 A 851555 A 1293210 A 1252430 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 23906.3 A 23906.3 A 23012.9 A 22358.8 A 21368.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5259.83 Fc 5053.27 Fc 2845.96 Fc 4631.22 Fc 4479.38 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 796 754 780 731 2185
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 4925 5792 4828 4632 15644
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 61871.9 Fc 76817 Fc 61897.4 Fc 63365.3 Fc 71597.3 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4884 Im 5700 F 5500 F 5000 F 4971 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 27858 Im 35000 F 32000 F 30000 F 30530 Im
Onions, dry Yield 57039.3 Fc 61403.5 Fc 58181.8 Fc 60000 Fc 61416.2 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 7651 7457 7500 7457 15000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 229898 229898 226089 224800 260000 F
Oranges Yield 300481 Fc 308298 Fc 301452 Fc 301462 Fc 173333 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 8008 Im 9346 Im 7850 F 7800 F 7750 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 30401 Im 38195 Im 29800 F 29500 F 29000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 37963.3 Fc 40867.8 Fc 37961.8 Fc 37820.5 Fc 37419.3 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 14300 F 14300 Im 15200 F 14774 Im 14250 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 3800 F 3800 Im 3344 F 3128 Im 3135 F
Papayas Area Harvested 1121 Im 1233 Im 1100 F 964 Im 1000 F
Papayas Production Quantity 11901 Im 12466 Im 11660 F 9988 Im 10600 F
Papayas Yield 106164 Fc 101103 Fc 106000 Fc 103610 Fc 106000 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 196 Im 209 Im 211 Im 206 Im 211 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 1341 Im 1496 Im 1397 Im 1459 Im 1276 Im
Peaches and nectarines Yield 68418.4 Fc 71578.9 Fc 66208.5 Fc 70825.2 Fc 60473.9 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 35 Im 39 Im 35 F 30 F 30 F
Pears Production Quantity 235 Im 246 Im 230 F 185 Im 190 Im
Pears Yield 67142.9 Fc 63076.9 Fc 65714.3 Fc 61666.7 Fc 63333.3 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 5552 Im 5085 Im 5500 F 3260 Im 5000 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 5451 Im 4993 Im 4400 F 2550 Im 4000 F
Peas, dry Seed 222.08 Fc 222.08 Fc 203.4 Fc 220 Fc 130.4 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 9818.08 Fc 9819.08 Fc 8000 Fc 7822.09 Fc 8000 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 5203 5048 5100 5004 5000 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 59126 59126 55300 54257 73000 F
Pineapples Yield 113638 Fc 117128 Fc 108431 Fc 108427 Fc 146000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 282 Im 310 F 280 F 180 F 275 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1671 Im 1750 F 1700 F 1600 F 1562 Im
Plums and sloes Yield 59255.3 Fc 56451.6 Fc 60714.3 Fc 88888.9 Fc 56800 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 230 103 40 192 Im 200 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 3500 1351 202 1250 F 1300 F
Potatoes Seed 184 Fc 184 Fc 82.4 Fc 32 Fc 153.6 Fc
Potatoes Yield 152174 Fc 131165 Fc 50500 Fc 65104.2 Fc 65000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 82165 A 75255 A 81400 A 72683.6 A 105000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 74191 A 67953 A 59880 A 59177.8 A 87000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4818.86 A 4818.86 A 4413.6 A 4774 A 4295.82 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9029.51 Fc 9029.7 Fc 7356.27 Fc 8141.84 Fc 8285.71 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 1799 Im 2100 F 2000 F 1800 F 1886 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 7164 Im 9000 F 9113 Im 7800 F 8348 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 39822.1 Fc 42857.1 Fc 45565 Fc 43333.3 Fc 44263 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 63000 * 63000 * 37056 34503 55000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 101000 * 100000 * 48161 49854 80000 *
Rapeseed Yield 16031.8 Fc 15873 Fc 12996.8 Fc 14449.2 Fc 14545.5 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 78606 59476 50000 33870 42000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 408246 315213 215000 144692 130000
Rice, paddy Seed 4323.33 Fc 4323.33 Fc 3271.18 Fc 2750 Fc 1862.85 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 51935.7 Fc 52998.3 Fc 43000 Fc 42719.8 Fc 30952.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 186785 A 182535 A 185160 A 175859 A 313200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2502750 A 2668290 A 2654710 A 2263170 A 4905300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 184 A 184 A 82.4 A 32 A 153.6 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 133991 Fc 146180 Fc 143374 Fc 128692 Fc 156619 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 24845 13727 30000 66256 110000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 30609 15054 18000 63760 105000
Seed cotton Yield 12320 Fc 10966.7 Fc 6000 Fc 9623.28 Fc 9545.45 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 83304 69185 100000 69857 50000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 50399 40135 65000 50049 50000
Sesame seed Yield 6050.01 Fc 5801.11 Fc 6500 Fc 7164.49 Fc 10000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 24988 24988 10970 10920 11000 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 149543 149543 26495 26501 25000 F
Sorghum Seed 249.88 Fc 249.88 Fc 249.88 Fc 109.7 Fc 109.2 Fc
Sorghum Yield 59845.9 Fc 59845.9 Fc 24152.2 Fc 24268.3 Fc 22727.3 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 2805470 2671060 2570000 2463510 2400000
Soybeans Production Quantity 8309790 7460440 3855000 6311790 6000000
Soybeans Seed 126246 Fc 126246 Fc 120198 Fc 115650 Fc 110858 Fc
Soybeans Yield 29620 Fc 27930.6 Fc 15000 Fc 25621.1 Fc 25000 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 214 206 210 191 380 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 2050 3508 2011 1750 F 3500 F
Strawberries Yield 95794.4 Fc 170291 Fc 95761.9 Fc 91623 Fc 92105.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 104055 100000 100000 81830 82000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5339010 5130940 4800000 5079610 4100000
Sugar cane Yield 513095 Fc 513094 Fc 480000 Fc 620752 Fc 500000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 69507 168103 194000 99139 109000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 108858 262293 194000 191075 190000
Sunflower seed Seed 486.55 Fc 486.55 Fc 1176.72 Fc 1358 Fc 693.97 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 15661.4 Fc 15603.1 Fc 10000 Fc 19273.4 Fc 17431.2 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 5223 4952 5120 4973 13000 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 45406 42858 44511 43390 104000 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 86934.7 Fc 86546.9 Fc 86935.6 Fc 87251.2 Fc 80000 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 1938 1841 1900 1824 3019 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 44224 44224 45400 43583 19000 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 228194 Fc 240217 Fc 238947 Fc 238942 Fc 62934.8 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 3000 2953 3250 2220 8000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 6441 6340 5688 3761 15000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 21470 Fc 21469.7 Fc 17501.5 Fc 16941.4 Fc 18750 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1282 1730 1257 1206 2700 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 45255 58335 44363 40254 88500 F
Tomatoes Yield 353003 Fc 337197 Fc 352928 Fc 333781 Fc 327778 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 8995 8995 9000 8999 10000
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 52285 52285 48350 48347 46000 F
Tung Nuts Yield 58126.7 Fc 58126.7 Fc 53722.2 Fc 53724.9 Fc 46000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3060 Im 3572 Im 3000 F 3318 Im 2900 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 20403 Im 25634 Im 20000 F 22418 Im 19000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 66676.5 Fc 71763.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc 67564.8 Fc 65517.2 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 43030 A 50222 A 45633 A 45344 A 48342 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 256702 A 322510 A 281981 A 268676 A 334022 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 59656.5 Fc 64216.9 Fc 61793.2 Fc 59252.8 Fc 69095.6 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 43030 A 50222 A 45633 A 45344 A 48342 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 256702 A 322510 A 281981 A 268676 A 334022 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 59656.5 Fc 64216.9 Fc 61793.2 Fc 59252.8 Fc 69095.6 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 21420 Im 25000 F 23500 F 24000 F 23000 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 103474 Im 130000 F 125000 F 122000 F 118000 F
Watermelons Yield 48307.2 Fc 52000 Fc 53191.5 Fc 50833.3 Fc 51304.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 584408 560800 508000 381028 320000
Wheat Production Quantity 1461020 1401990 1066800 799632 800000
Wheat Seed 32000 F 32000 F 32000 F 31500 F 30000 F
Wheat Yield 25000 Fc 24999.8 Fc 21000 Fc 20986.2 Fc 25000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 75 Im 72 Im 70 F 80 F 75 F
Apples Production Quantity 567 Im 560 F 550 F 600 F 550 F
Apples Yield 75600 Fc 77777.8 Fc 78571.4 Fc 75000 Fc 73333.3 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 2342 Im 2260 F 2250 F 2300 F 2250 F
Avocados Production Quantity 13325 Im 13160 F 13000 F 13500 F 13000 F
Avocados Yield 56895.8 Fc 58230.1 Fc 57777.8 Fc 58695.7 Fc 57777.8 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 12970 12610 12843 12554 9728
Bananas Production Quantity 45220 48425 44031 62294 48650
Bananas Yield 34865.1 Fc 38402.1 Fc 34284.1 Fc 49620.8 Fc 50010.3 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 85000 75000 73500 73205 65970
Beans, dry Production Quantity 70000 67000 65195 64961 53961
Beans, dry Seed 5100 Fc 5100 Fc 4500 Fc 4410 Fc 4392.3 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8235.29 Fc 8933.33 Fc 8870.07 Fc 8873.85 Fc 8179.63 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 13070 14950 10498 10216 10500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 11015 14200 10170 9751 9300 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 900 Fc 784.2 Fc 897 Fc 629.88 Fc 612.96 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 8427.7 Fc 9498.33 Fc 9687.56 Fc 9544.83 Fc 8857.14 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 2235 1970 1872 1774 2611
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 24330 21300 19983 17094 28697
Carrots and turnips Yield 108859 Fc 108122 Fc 106747 Fc 96358.5 Fc 109908 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 300000 290000 306000 284383 258164
Cassava Production Quantity 4800000 4785000 5500000 4668800 4430330
Cassava Yield 160000 Fc 165000 Fc 179739 Fc 164173 Fc 171609 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 10000 10000 9000 8019 5760
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 10500 11500 10800 9739 7004
Castor oil seed Seed 200 Fc 200 Fc 200 Fc 180 Fc 160.38 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 10500 Fc 11500 Fc 12000 Fc 12144.9 Fc 12159.7 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1218120 A 741850 A 843935 A 821259 A 740979 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2909130 A 1535230 A 2022480 A 1871460 A 1514010 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 54420 A 53421.2 A 49926 A 45584.3 A 40752.2 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23882.1 Fc 20694.7 Fc 23964.9 Fc 22787.7 Fc 20432.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1218120 A 741850 A 843935 A 821259 A 740979 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2951090 A 1569200 A 2064100 A 1908170 A 1548970 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 54420 A 53421.2 A 49926 A 45584.3 A 40752.2 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 24226.5 Fc 21152.5 Fc 24458.1 Fc 23234.7 Fc 20904.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1050 1113 1113 1085 1046
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 9325 13159 9397 9771 9405
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 88809.5 Fc 118230 Fc 84429.5 Fc 90055.3 Fc 89914 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 26780 A 26620 A 25657 A 26865 A 17221 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 367670 A 374100 A 394593 A 387646 A 291307 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 137293 Fc 140533 Fc 153795 Fc 144294 Fc 169158 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 811120 A 408350 A 447935 A 465956 A 403022 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2025090 A 847200 A 1139100 A 1082920 A 907238 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 17110 A 16111.2 A 8083.5 A 8879.35 A 9085.56 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24966.5 Fc 20746.9 Fc 25430.1 Fc 23240.9 Fc 22510.9 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2570 2700 3101 3094 3395
Coffee, green Production Quantity 3040 2900 3353 3085 2434
Coffee, green Yield 11828.8 Fc 10740.7 Fc 10812.6 Fc 9970.91 Fc 7169.37 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 59400 F 70000 * 109000 * 57000 * 41000 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 113400 F 120000 F 207900 F 108757 F 74200 *
Cottonseed Seed 3300 Fc 7350 Fc 6750 Fc 9600 Fc 5592.15 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 245000 A 225000 A 320000 A 186405 A 169671 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 59400 A 70000 A 109000 A 57000 A 41000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2424.49 Fc 3111.11 Fc 3406.25 Fc 3057.86 Fc 2416.44 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 57584 A 55071 A 53609 A 55419 A 43035 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 578496 A 567480 A 577002 A 613310 A 515028 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 100461 Fc 103045 Fc 107632 Fc 110668 Fc 119677 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1500 F 950 F 710 F 750 F 720 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 12000 F 7600 F 5660 F 6000 F 5744 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 80000 Fc 80000 Fc 79718.3 Fc 80000 Fc 79777.8 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 2560 Im 2470 F 2460 F 2500 F 2519 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 19684 Im 19440 F 19330 F 20000 F 19842 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 76890.6 Fc 78704.4 Fc 78577.2 Fc 80000 Fc 78769.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 300 350 366 416 575
Garlic Production Quantity 445 500 573 757 1062
Garlic Yield 14833.3 Fc 14285.7 Fc 15655.7 Fc 18197.1 Fc 18469.6 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 855 870 735 857 895
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 38015 38200 40290 41327 46663
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 444620 Fc 439080 Fc 548163 Fc 482229 Fc 521374 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 475 470 454 378 916
Grapes Production Quantity 2130 2100 2127 3567 8383
Grapes Yield 44842.1 Fc 44680.8 Fc 46850.2 Fc 94365.1 Fc 91517.5 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 37000 35000 34926 33410 29059
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 36000 34000 33180 30644 26630
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 3700 Fc 3700 Fc 3500 Fc 3492.6 Fc 3341 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 9729.73 Fc 9714.29 Fc 9500.09 Fc 9172.1 Fc 9164.11 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 735 750 740 530 750 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 14560 14800 15110 10578 14460
Lemons and limes Yield 198095 Fc 197333 Fc 204189 Fc 199585 Fc 192800 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 800000 F 400000 440000 442600 369960
Maize Production Quantity 2000000 830000 1120000 1055540 867270
Maize Seed 17000 Fc 16000 Fc 8000 Fc 8800 Fc 8852 Fc
Maize Yield 25000 Fc 20750 Fc 25454.5 Fc 23848.6 Fc 23442.3 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 4000 Im 3860 F 3850 F 3900 F 3850 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 28700 P 28740 F 28680 F 29000 F 28550 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 71750 Fc 74456 Fc 74493.5 Fc 74359 Fc 74155.8 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 30480 27350 28006 31118 34713
Maté Production Quantity 86080 74000 76723 89042 136589
Maté Yield 28241.5 Fc 27056.7 Fc 27395.2 Fc 28614.3 Fc 39348.1 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 13130 F 13130 F 13100 F 13300 F 13000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 125880 F 125880 F 125660 F 126500 F 125500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 95872.1 Fc 95872.1 Fc 95923.7 Fc 95112.8 Fc 96538.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2654500 A 2414130 A 2335730 A 1761530 A 1715970 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3174520 A 3327350 A 3021550 A 3428970 A 2700380 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 88767.6 A 83515.8 A 74947.5 A 72799.4 A 56606.5 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11959 Fc 13782.8 Fc 12936.3 Fc 19465.9 Fc 15736.8 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2676500 A 2436130 A 2356330 A 1778230 A 1730960 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 805552 A 838927 A 758561 A 827709 A 662746 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 21470.8 A 20318 A 18290.4 A 17888 A 13970.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3009.72 Fc 3443.69 Fc 3219.25 Fc 4654.69 Fc 3828.77 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 2110 2250 2210 2373 2000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 11170 10600 18534 11825 12000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 52938.4 Fc 47111.1 Fc 83864.3 Fc 49831.4 Fc 60000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4800 F 4600 F 7215 Im 7134 Im 7882 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 28800 F 27450 F 33108 Im 30000 F 34048 Im
Onions, dry Yield 60000 Fc 59673.9 Fc 45887.7 Fc 42052.1 Fc 43197.2 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 22190 22000 21203 22880 12296
Oranges Production Quantity 296375 301700 319438 316903 207155
Oranges Yield 133562 Fc 137136 Fc 150657 Fc 138507 Fc 168473 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 7942 Im 7720 F 7660 F 8000 F 7445 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 33659 Im 28880 F 28660 F 30000 F 29707 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 42381 Fc 37409.3 Fc 37415.1 Fc 37500 Fc 39901.9 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 12017 Im 12588 F 12560 F 12650 F 12550 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 2584 Im 2485 Im 2770 F 2800 F 2760 F
Papayas Area Harvested 1022 Im 986 Im 960 F 980 F 977 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 10348 Im 10220 F 10160 F 10500 F 10443 Im
Papayas Yield 101252 Fc 103651 Fc 105833 Fc 107143 Fc 106888 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 212 Im 205 Im 200 F 210 F 206 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 1286 Im 1270 F 1260 F 1300 F 1305 Im
Peaches and nectarines Yield 60660.4 Fc 61951.2 Fc 63000 Fc 61904.8 Fc 63349.5 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 32 Im 31 Im 30 F 40 F 36 Im
Pears Production Quantity 197 Im 195 Im 200 F 220 F 190 Im
Pears Yield 61562.5 Fc 62903.2 Fc 66666.7 Fc 55000 Fc 52777.8 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 4125 4970 4411 3045 3293
Peas, dry Production Quantity 3810 5400 4648 2479 2911
Peas, dry Seed 200 Fc 165 Fc 198.8 Fc 176.44 Fc 121.8 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 9236.36 Fc 10865.2 Fc 10537.3 Fc 8141.22 Fc 8839.96 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4975 3900 3524 4238 3969
Pineapples Production Quantity 72450 56550 52392 73472 82249
Pineapples Yield 145628 Fc 145000 Fc 148672 Fc 173365 Fc 207229 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 266 Im 257 Im 250 F 255 F 257 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1539 Im 1520 F 1510 F 1550 F 1566 Im
Plums and sloes Yield 57857.1 Fc 59144 Fc 60400 Fc 60784.3 Fc 60933.8 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 190 170 155 135 196
Potatoes Production Quantity 1230 1060 981 864 1098
Potatoes Seed 160 Fc 152 Fc 136 Fc 124 Fc 108 Fc
Potatoes Yield 64736.8 Fc 62352.9 Fc 63290.3 Fc 64000 Fc 56020.4 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 102195 A 94920 A 88409 A 86466 A 79763 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 84825 A 86600 A 80013 A 77191 A 66172 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 6200 A 6049.2 A 5595.8 A 5216.32 A 5127.06 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8300.31 Fc 9123.47 Fc 9050.32 Fc 8927.32 Fc 8296.08 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 1821 Im 1770 F 1760 F 1800 F 1737 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 8997 Im 7720 F 7660 F 8000 F 7957 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 49406.9 Fc 43615.8 Fc 43522.7 Fc 44444.4 Fc 45808.9 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 57370 60000 * 28000 * 6000 * 6000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 62158 80000 * 45000 * 10000 * 6000 *
Rapeseed Yield 10834.6 Fc 13333.3 Fc 16071.4 Fc 16666.7 Fc 10000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 42000 33500 31000 30303 27026
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 126000 102000 125000 110250 104973
Rice, paddy Seed 2310 Fc 2310 Fc 1842.5 Fc 1705 Fc 1666.67 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 30000 Fc 30447.8 Fc 40322.6 Fc 36382.5 Fc 38841.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 321180 A 310170 A 325060 A 303236 A 279286 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4966720 A 4920600 A 5667910 A 4776000 A 4555810 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 160 A 152 A 136 A 124 A 108 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 154640 Fc 158642 Fc 174365 Fc 157501 Fc 163124 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 245000 225000 320000 186405 169671
Seed cotton Production Quantity 180000 198000 330000 172760 123667
Seed cotton Yield 7346.94 Fc 8800 Fc 10312.5 Fc 9267.99 Fc 7288.64 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 56000 68000 40000 24263 27107
Sesame seed Production Quantity 50000 35000 34000 25230 36013
Sesame seed Yield 8928.57 Fc 5147.06 Fc 8500 Fc 10398.5 Fc 13285.5 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 11120 8350 7935 23356 33062
Sorghum Production Quantity 25085 17200 19103 27384 39968
Sorghum Seed 110 Fc 111.2 Fc 83.5 Fc 79.35 Fc 233.56 Fc
Sorghum Yield 22558.5 Fc 20598.8 Fc 24074.3 Fc 11724.6 Fc 12088.8 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 2200000 1970000 1870000 1474150 1445360
Soybeans Production Quantity 3800000 3988000 3583680 4204870 3300000
Soybeans Seed 108000 Fc 99000 Fc 88650 Fc 84150 Fc 66336.7 Fc
Soybeans Yield 17272.7 Fc 20243.7 Fc 19164.1 Fc 28524 Fc 22831.7 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 375 380 351 369 311
Strawberries Production Quantity 3380 3600 3509 3661 3249
Strawberries Yield 90133.3 Fc 94736.8 Fc 99971.5 Fc 99214.1 Fc 104469 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 75000 74000 71000 F 62205 67224
Sugar cane Production Quantity 3200000 3820020 3637000 3260480 3209830
Sugar cane Yield 426667 Fc 516219 Fc 512254 Fc 524151 Fc 477483 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 46000 43000 29700 24000 * 25768
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 68000 64500 44550 31000 * 36013
Sunflower seed Seed 763 Fc 322 Fc 301 Fc 207.9 Fc 168 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 14782.6 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 12916.7 Fc 13975.9 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 20990 20000 18905 18718 20926
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 165490 134540 166932 106332 124383
Sweet potatoes Yield 78842.3 Fc 67270 Fc 88300.4 Fc 56807.3 Fc 59439.4 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 3000 3000 2979 2598 3280
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 18720 19400 19755 18838 23029
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 62400 Fc 64666.7 Fc 66314.2 Fc 72509.6 Fc 70210.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 8000 7800 8268 6894 5347
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 15000 15600 16535 13000 F 9776
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18750 Fc 20000 Fc 19998.8 Fc 18857 Fc 18283.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 2620 2400 2268 2093 1699
Tomatoes Production Quantity 88070 68850 69451 67421 57934
Tomatoes Yield 336145 Fc 286875 Fc 306221 Fc 322126 Fc 340989 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 12000 12000 11602 8679 9238
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 45600 43230 46423 27276 31370
Tung Nuts Yield 38000 Fc 36025 Fc 40012.9 Fc 31427.6 Fc 33957.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2891 Im 2810 F 2800 F 2850 F 2800 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 21165 Im 18160 F 18000 F 18500 F 18000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 73210 Fc 64626.3 Fc 64285.7 Fc 64912.3 Fc 64285.7 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 48853 A 47423 A 49594 A 47889 A 50295 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 359920 A 311559 A 320196 A 305934 A 313810 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 73674.1 Fc 65697.9 Fc 64563.5 Fc 63884 Fc 62393.9 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 48853 A 47423 A 49594 A 47889 A 50295 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 359920 A 311559 A 320196 A 305934 A 313810 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 73674.1 Fc 65697.9 Fc 64563.5 Fc 63884 Fc 62393.9 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 23084 Im 22440 F 22330 F 20364 Im 22500 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 133959 Im 114940 F 114830 F 112566 Im 115000 F
Watermelons Yield 58031.1 Fc 51221 Fc 51424.1 Fc 55277 Fc 51111.1 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 365000 300000 365000 325000 310931
Wheat Production Quantity 800000 620000 800000 715000 536754
Wheat Seed 35000 F 35000 F 40000 F 35000 F 30000 F
Wheat Yield 21917.8 Fc 20666.7 Fc 21917.8 Fc 22000 Fc 17262.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 20990 Fm 20990 Fm 20900 Fm 20837 Fm 20530 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 51.2 I 51.2 I 51.2 I 51.2 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 51.2 I 51.2 I 51.2 I 51.2 I
Arable land Area 3900 Fm 3900 Fm 3810 Fm 3747 Fm 3640 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3990 Fm 3990 Fm 3900 Fm 3837 W 3740 Fm
Country area Area 40675.2 Q 40675.2 Q 40675 W 40675 W 40675 W
Fallow land Area 472 Q
Forest area Area 17403.4 Fm 17582 Q 17760.6 Fm 17939.2 Fm 18117.8 Fm
Inland water Area 945.2 Fm 945.2 Fm 945 Fm 945 Fm 945 Fm
Land area Area 39730 Fm 39730 Fm 39730 Fm 39730 Fm 39730 Fm
Other land Area 1336.6 Fm 1158 Fm 1069.4 Fm 953.8 Fm 1082.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4451 Fm 4451 Fm 4451 Fm 4451 W 4365 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 12549 Fm 12549 Fm 12549 Fm 12549 Fm 12425 Fm
Permanent crops Area 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 100 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 17000 Fm 17000 Fm 17000 Fm 17000 Fm 16790 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 67 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 20235 Fm 19940 Fm 19640 Fm 19346 Fm 19581 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 3550 Fm 3460 Fm 3370 Fm 3280 Fm 3210 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3650 Fm 3560 Fm 3470 Fm 3380 Fm 3308 Fm
Country area Area 40675 W 40675 W 40675 W 40675 Q 40675 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 18296.4 Fm 18475 Q 18653.6 Fm 18832.2 Fm 19010.8 Fm
Inland water Area 945 Fm 945 Fm 945 Fm 945 Fm 945 Fm
Land area Area 39730 Fm 39730 Fm 39730 Fm 39730 Q 39730 Q
Other land Area 1198.6 Fm 1315 Fm 1436.4 Fm 1551.8 Fm 1138.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 4312 Fm 4259 Fm 4204 Fm 4204 W 3948 W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 12273 Fm 12121 Fm 11966 Fm 11762 W 12325 W
Permanent crops Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 98 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 16585 Fm 16380 Fm 16170 Fm 15966 W 16273 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 67 Fm 67 Fm 67 Fm 67 F 67 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files