Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Paraguay

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Datasheet

Paraguay

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 7,044,636 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 5,520 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 38,878.97 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 38,145.29 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 10.08 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman (1989)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); EPPO (2013); Leite Junior et al. (2013); CABI/EPPO (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019); Leite Junior et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Santiago et al. (2014);
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentViedma et al. (1987); Sands and Fourrest (1989); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentTimmer et al. (1996); CABI/EPPO (2012); Herb IMI (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentMathieson and Follin (1981); Assigbetse et al. (1994); Fernandez et al. (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentIntroducedKobayashi (1984); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMagnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (wheat blast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveViedma and Morel (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSanchez (1967); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentSpegazzini (1884); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentHernández (2005); Morel et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadCIMMYT (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); Lopes et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeBezzi (1919); Stone (1942); Norrbom (1991); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI/EPPO (2011); Clavijo Rodriguez et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentArias et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNikiphoroff and Whitaker (1992); Toledo et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Pemberton and Cordo (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartins et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKochalka (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedNakahara (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Murúa et al. (2014); Arnemann et al. (2016); Arnemann et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeBen-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentManso (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBenítez Díaz et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Wild (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)PresentEPPO (2022); Medal et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Nickel (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina fulvaPresentGotzek et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Rios and Gonzalez (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentMichel and Gomez (1992); Michel and Gomez (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeLöhr and Varela (1987); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2013); Trabuco de Evert et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentRamírez et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri (1966); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated); Pitts (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Juárez et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Soliman et al. (2012); Diaz et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTibraca limbativentris (stinkbug)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadSmith and Cermeli (1979); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOrosi-Pal (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentPérez et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativePasachnik et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBonino et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentSwedish Museum of Natural History (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVogler et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDarrigran and Ezcurra de Drago (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentNativeIhering (1919); Quintana (1982); Simone (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePeso et al. (2011); Peso and Quintana (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Cowie and Thiengo (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, WidespreadNativeHayes et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2011); Centurión et al. (2004); Sano and Pedrozo (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson and Alonso-Amelot (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentJulien et al. (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeSchvartzman and Santander (1996); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentCABI (Undated); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2015); Schuester (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeGBIF (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeEshbaugh (1970); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentBarroso (1954); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); IABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGómez-Laurito (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeHacker et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEgea et al. (2016); Tropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentBini and Thomaz (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson and Vega (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedGiraldo Cañas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, WidespreadNativeBelcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentSantiago et al. (2014); Constantino (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentLurvey (undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014); Flora of Nicaragua (2014); Paraguay Checklist (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); Grosse (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigeraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, LocalizedNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston (1928)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeFLAS (2014); Flora del Conosur (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis spicigera (black sesame)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadNativeGardner and Bennetts (1956); CSIRO (1998); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeInvasiveZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); Fernandes-Acioli et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeWCSP (2018); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentVera and Aldama (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF (2009); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedBrune (1989); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeInstituto de Botánica Darwinion (2016); Ooststroom and Hoogland (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, LocalizedNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeILDIS (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeWiggins and Porter (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNativeOrchard (1981); Mereles and Degen (1993); Vogt and Mereles (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentMorel et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedEgea et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedParaguay Checklist (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale (1981); Aneja et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Cervi (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedJiang (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOhnuki et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); Zuloaga et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaPresent, LocalizedNativeInvasiveBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Almeda (1990); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedMorel (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadNativeRoe (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentNativePOWO (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2008); Nee (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIABIN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveI3N-Paraguay (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeFerrucci and Lattar (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeAustin and Staples (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGrosse (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeInvasiveIABIN (2008); Zuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStech and Dohrmann (2004)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRamirez (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentSpegazzini (1920); CABI/EPPO (2013); Cáceres et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentEsquivel-Fariña et al. (2020)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentPayne and Osorio (1990); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentNativePayne and Osorio (1990); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentBrizuela (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodPresentSchotman (1989)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1996); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); Kegler Pangrazio et al. (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
myxomatosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOrosi-Pal (1975)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested51 Im55 Im61 Im68 Im76 Im
Production quantity415 Im444 Im489 Im547 Im614 Im
Yield81,373 Fc80,727 Fc80,164 Fc80,441 Fc80,789 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested1,689 Im1,797 Im1,933 Im2,102 Im2,320 Im
Production quantity10,373 Im11,002 Im11,795 Im12,789 Im14,032 Im
Yield61,415 Fc61,224 Fc61,019 Fc60,842 Fc60,483 Fc
BananasArea harvested8,7388,1727,8557,8127,810
Production quantity89,99675,86872,26671,87070,266
Yield102,994 Fc92,839 Fc92,000 Fc91,999 Fc89,969 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested72,80073,00072,00071,00070,088
Production quantity65,52062,05061,20058,22057,294
Yield9,000 Fc8,500 Fc8,500 Fc8,200 Fc8,175 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested23,883 Im23,117 Im22,364 Im21,643 Im21,391 Im
Production quantity15,870 Im15,568 Im15,262 Im14,965 Im15,088 Im
Yield6,645 Fc6,734 Fc6,824 Fc6,914 Fc7,053 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,1001,0001,1001,1001,090
Production quantity13,20013,67012,65012,65012,473
Yield120,000 Fc136,700 Fc115,000 Fc115,000 Fc114,431 Fc
CassavaArea harvested188,000183,000182,000182,000182,000
Production quantity3,384,0003,293,9993,166,8003,166,8003,168,055
Yield180,000 Fc180,000 Fc174,000 Fc174,000 Fc174,069 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested6,000 *6,000 *6,000 *6,000 *6,000 *
Production quantity6,000 *7,000 *7,000 *6,000 *8,000 *
Yield10,000 Fc11,667 Fc11,667 Fc10,000 Fc13,333 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,763,045 A1,673,000 A1,621,000 A1,641,000 A1,709,060 A
Production quantity8,112,030 A7,069,529 A7,207,780 A7,262,200 A7,090,736 A
Yield46,011 Fc42,257 Fc44,465 Fc44,255 Fc41,489 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested923900690690684
Production quantity10,60610,4808,3006,9005,825
Yield114,908 Fc116,444 Fc120,290 Fc100,000 Fc85,161 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested11,258 A11,285 A11,285 A11,178 A11,187 A
Production quantity334,050 A331,574 A331,576 A331,494 A331,198 A
Yield296,722 Fc293,818 Fc293,820 Fc296,559 Fc296,056 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested310320320300300
Production quantity399441442395395
Yield12,871 Fc13,781 Fc13,813 Fc13,167 Fc13,167 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested18,000 A9,493 A10,000 A12,000 A12,600 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested72,639 A71,184 A69,601 A69,351 A69,415 A
Production quantity764,847 A736,551 A720,380 A719,453 A717,582 A
Yield105,294 Fc103,471 Fc103,501 Fc103,741 Fc103,376 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested2,307 Im2,215 Im2,106 Im2,003 Im1,892 Im
Production quantity18,761 Im18,000 F17,092 Im16,247 Im15,364 Im
Yield81,322 Fc81,264 Fc81,159 Fc81,113 Fc81,205 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested2,620 Im2,610 Im2,600 Im2,590 Im2,586 Im
Production quantity20,427 Im20,364 Im20,300 Im20,237 Im20,216 Im
Yield77,966 Fc78,023 Fc78,077 Fc78,135 Fc78,175 Fc
GarlicArea harvested168165165167165
Production quantity234230230225217
Yield13,929 Fc13,939 Fc13,939 Fc13,473 Fc13,152 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested1,0581,1001,1001,0531,058
Production quantity50,02550,02050,02050,01850,330
Yield472,826 Fc454,727 Fc454,727 Fc475,005 Fc475,709 Fc
GrapesArea harvested350350350346345
Production quantity1,9301,9301,9301,9201,913
Yield55,143 Fc55,143 Fc55,143 Fc55,491 Fc55,449 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested25,00026,35026,00026,00025,670
Production quantity21,25027,47926,78026,78026,432
Yield8,500 Fc10,428 Fc10,300 Fc10,300 Fc10,297 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested475470470465463
Production quantity9,5159,3289,3309,3299,283
Yield200,316 Fc198,468 Fc198,511 Fc200,624 Fc200,497 Fc
MaizeArea harvested1,085,0051,070,000940,000960,000950,000
Production quantity5,576,9005,344,6505,155,9005,152,3204,985,881
Yield51,400 Fc49,950 Fc54,850 Fc53,670 Fc52,483 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested4,321 Im4,312 Im4,304 Im4,295 Im4,267 Im
Production quantity33,937 Im33,757 Im33,577 Im33,397 Im32,983 Im
Yield78,540 Fc78,286 Fc78,013 Fc77,758 Fc77,298 Fc
MatéArea harvested25,20022,85020,65020,60020,000
Production quantity126,000116,192105,005104,751101,656
Yield50,000 Fc50,850 Fc50,850 Fc50,850 Fc50,828 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested8,154 Im8,133 Im8,111 Im8,089 Im8,067 Im
Production quantity31,783 Im31,631 Im31,479 Im31,327 Im31,104 Im
Yield38,978 Fc38,892 Fc38,810 Fc38,728 Fc38,557 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested16,709 Im16,539 Im16,388 Im16,262 Im16,080 Im
Production quantity157,864 Im156,369 Im155,053 Im153,975 Im152,352 Im
Yield94,478 Fc94,546 Fc94,614 Fc94,684 Fc94,746 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested3,747,674 A3,667,972 A3,632,378 A3,620,182 A3,817,270 A
Production quantity8,906,819 A11,411,357 A10,936,273 A9,619,497 A9,362,400 A
Yield23,766 Fc31,111 Fc30,108 Fc26,572 Fc24,526 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested3,732,709 A3,652,882 A3,617,288 A3,605,112 A3,802,200 A
Production quantity6,819,416 A8,801,455 A8,407,517 A7,369,582 A7,150,035 A
Yield18,269 Fc24,095 Fc23,243 Fc20,442 Fc18,805 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested3,747,674 A3,667,972 A3,632,378 A3,620,182 A3,817,270 A
Production quantity1,636,888 A2,085,127 A2,020,963 A1,783,252 A1,749,239 A
Yield4,368 Fc5,685 Fc5,564 Fc4,926 Fc4,582 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested5,446 Im5,417 Im5,388 Im5,361 Im5,350 Im
Production quantity32,160 Im32,033 Im31,911 Im31,797 Im31,688 Im
Yield59,053 Fc59,134 Fc59,226 Fc59,312 Fc59,230 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested1,009995993895818
Production quantity10,15010,15010,0747,3976,231
Yield100,595 Fc102,010 Fc101,450 Fc82,648 Fc76,174 Fc
OrangesArea harvested7,7157,7157,7157,7157,716
Production quantity225,660223,426223,426223,426222,725
Yield292,495 Fc289,599 Fc289,599 Fc289,599 Fc288,653 Fc
PapayasArea harvested1,139 Im1,131 Im1,124 Im1,118 Im1,106 Im
Production quantity11,567 Im11,522 Im11,489 Im11,472 Im11,410 Im
Yield101,554 Fc101,874 Fc102,215 Fc102,612 Fc103,165 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested201 Im201 Im201 Im201 Im200 Im
Production quantity1,412 Im1,403 Im1,393 Im1,383 Im1,368 Im
Yield70,249 Fc69,801 Fc69,303 Fc68,806 Fc68,400 Fc
PearsArea harvested36 Im35 Im35 Im35 Im35 Im
Production quantity229 Im228 Im227 Im226 Im224 Im
Yield63,611 Fc65,143 Fc64,857 Fc64,571 Fc64,000 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested6,771 Im6,615 Im6,459 Im6,305 Im6,366 Im
Production quantity5,947 Im5,820 Im5,694 Im5,568 Im5,633 Im
Yield8,783 Fc8,798 Fc8,816 Fc8,831 Fc8,849 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested7,2326,4325,3005,2605,265
Production quantity85,21674,32063,40063,38363,454
Yield117,832 Fc115,547 Fc119,623 Fc120,500 Fc120,520 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested338 Im331 Im324 Im316 Im303 Im
Production quantity1,996 Im1,965 Im1,934 Im1,904 Im1,870 Im
Yield59,053 Fc59,366 Fc59,691 Fc60,253 Fc61,716 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested270266260250242
Production quantity3,8673,8513,7603,6253,497
Yield143,222 Fc144,774 Fc144,615 Fc145,000 Fc144,504 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested103,454 A102,732 A100,823 A98,948 A97,845 A
Production quantity87,337 A83,438 A82,156 A78,753 A78,015 A
Yield8,442 Fc8,122 Fc8,149 Fc7,959 Fc7,973 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested2,082 Im2,062 Im2,044 Im2,025 Im2,017 Im
Production quantity8,514 Im8,470 Im8,426 Im8,381 Im8,408 Im
Yield40,893 Fc41,077 Fc41,223 Fc41,388 Fc41,686 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested40,00030,000 *89,000 *85,000 *89,000 *
Production quantity60,00036,000 *107,000 *116,000 *107,000 *
Yield15,000 Fc12,000 Fc12,022 Fc13,647 Fc12,022 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested162,000142,000140,000130,000128,000
Production quantity1,069,200894,600924,000858,000857,771
Yield66,000 Fc63,000 Fc66,000 Fc66,000 Fc67,013 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity713,156 Fc596,698 Fc616,308 Fc572,286 Fc572,133 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested193,357 A188,344 A187,260 A187,250 A187,100 A
Production quantity3,438,387 A3,348,449 A3,220,310 A3,220,175 A3,219,735 A
Yield177,826 Fc177,784 Fc171,970 Fc171,972 Fc172,086 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested18,0009,49310,00012,00012,600
Production quantity27,00018,98614,00014,16014,820
Yield15,000 Fc20,000 Fc14,000 Fc11,800 Fc11,762 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested40,00030,00055,00055,00063,000
Production quantity24,00018,00230,25021,45043,790
Yield6,000 Fc6,001 Fc5,500 Fc3,900 Fc6,951 Fc
SorghumArea harvested31,04031,00031,00031,00031,060
Production quantity107,930107,879107,880107,880107,937
Yield34,771 Fc34,800 Fc34,800 Fc34,800 Fc34,751 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested3,565,0003,510,0003,380,0003,370,0003,540,000
Production quantity8,520,35011,045,97110,478,0009,163,0308,856,302
Yield23,900 Fc31,470 Fc31,000 Fc27,190 Fc25,018 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested394389350350348
Production quantity4,2994,2633,3293,3293,311
Yield109,112 Fc109,589 Fc95,114 Fc95,114 Fc95,144 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested103,000110,000118,000120,000120,000
Production quantity5,819,5006,160,0006,608,0006,708,0006,701,433
Yield565,000 Fc560,000 Fc560,000 Fc559,000 Fc558,453 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested103,000 A110,000 A118,000 A120,000 A120,000 A
Production quantity5,819,500 A6,160,000 A6,608,000 A6,708,000 A6,701,433 A
Yield565,000 Fc560,000 Fc560,000 Fc559,000 Fc558,453 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested28,00030,50040,90040,85055,850
Production quantity39,20048,80065,44065,360100,988
Yield14,000 Fc16,000 Fc16,000 Fc16,000 Fc18,082 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested5,0875,0785,0005,0004,858
Production quantity50,52050,59949,75049,75048,183
Yield99,312 Fc99,644 Fc99,500 Fc99,500 Fc99,183 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested2,0102,0002,0001,9451,950
Production quantity48,85048,80048,80048,72148,860
Yield243,035 Fc244,000 Fc244,000 Fc250,494 Fc250,564 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested3,5003,2503,2003,1003,055
Production quantity7,1756,8256,4005,9715,883
Yield20,500 Fc21,000 Fc20,000 Fc19,261 Fc19,257 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested1,3601,3001,3901,3881,385
Production quantity52,98450,00055,70051,09550,088
Yield389,588 Fc384,615 Fc400,719 Fc368,120 Fc361,646 Fc
Tung nutsArea harvested8,9659,0909,0909,0709,070
Production quantity51,15552,75052,75052,74252,716
Yield57,061 Fc58,031 Fc58,031 Fc58,150 Fc58,121 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested15,406 A15,129 A15,033 A14,861 A14,719 A
Production quantity151,969 A148,794 A150,692 A141,486 A137,621 A
Yield98,643 Fc98,350 Fc100,241 Fc95,206 Fc93,499 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested3,318 Im3,290 Im3,263 Im3,235 Im3,210 Im
Production quantity24,121 Im23,761 Im23,401 Im23,041 Im22,691 Im
Yield72,697 Fc72,222 Fc71,716 Fc71,224 Fc70,688 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested23,811 Im23,736 Im23,662 Im23,588 Im23,608 Im
Production quantity118,456 Im118,280 Im118,104 Im117,928 Im118,255 Im
Yield49,748 Fc49,831 Fc49,913 Fc49,995 Fc50,091 Fc
WheatArea harvested485,000430,000510,000520,000600,000
Production quantity1,358,000722,4001,020,0001,144,0001,139,147
Yield28,000 Fc16,800 Fc20,000 Fc22,000 Fc18,986 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea21,819 Fm21,738 Fm21,749 Fm21,953 Fm21,748 Fm
AgricultureArea21,819 Fc21,738 Fc21,749 Fc21,953 Fc21,748 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area43 I44 I64 I64 I54 I
Arable landArea4,734 Fm4,653 Fm4,664 Fm4,868 Fm4,663 Fm
Country areaArea40,675 W40,675 Q40,675 Q40,675 Q40,675 Q
CroplandArea4,819 Fm4,738 Fm4,749 Fm4,953 Fm4,748 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area43 I44 I54 Fc
Forest landArea16,661 Q16,940 Q17,333 Q17,499 Q17,913 Fm
Inland watersArea945 Fm945 Fm945 Fm945 Fm945 Fm
Land areaArea39,730 Fm39,730 Fm39,730 Fm39,730 Fm39,730 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea140 Fm140 Fm140 Fm140 Fm140 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea17,000 Fm17,000 Fm17,000 Fm17,000 Fm17,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea16,528 Q16,819 Q17,223 Q17,400 Q17,824 Fm
Other landArea1,250 Fc1,052 Fc648 Fc278 Fc69 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea4,451 Fm4,451 Fm4,451 Fm4,451 Fm4,451 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea12,549 Fm12,549 Fm12,549 Fm12,549 Fm12,549 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area0 I
Planted ForestArea133 Q121 Q110 Q99 Q89 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea42 I54 I
Cropland area certified organicArea42 I54 Fc
Primary ForestArea1,884 Fm1,884 Fm1,884 Q1,884 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.